Acanthus.—A plant, the leaves of which are used in the
decoration of the Corinthian and Composite Orders
Amphora-ae.—An earthenware vessel for storing wine
or oil, generally of large size and with a blunt point
at the base.
Arretine Ware.—A type of red glazed pottery made chiefly
at Arretium (Arezzo) in Tuscany.
Basilica.—A large hall used as a court of justice and for
other public purposes.
Cantharus.—A fountain or cistern in an atrium or courtyard.
Castor Ware.—Coarse pottery sometimes with applied
slip-ornament, made in the neighbourhood of Castor
Chalcedony.—A semi-precious stone of quartz.
Crater.—A vessel, for mixing wine and water, often
bell-shaped and standing on a foot.
Denarius.—A Roman silver coin, equivalent to ten asses.
Dupondius.—A Roman coin, equivalent to two asses.
Fibula-ae.—A brooch with a pin, guard and catch,
generally on the principle of the modern safety-pin.
Guilloche.—A running ornament consisting of curved
interlacing or intersecting bands.
Hallstatt Culture.—A central and western European
culture of the end of the Bronze and the beginning
of the Iron Age (c. 1000–500 B.C.); so called from a
cemetery in Upper Austria.
Hypocaust.—A low space contrived under some of the
rooms of a Roman house for the circulation of hot
air; the floor of the room above was commonly
supported on a series of small piers called pilae.
Lachrymatory or tear-bottle, a fanciful use attributed in
the 17th and 18th centuries to small glass vessels,
actually used for holding perfumes or ointments.
La Tène Culture.—A western European culture equating
with the early Iron Age; so called from a site on
Lake Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Its stages are differentiated by the numbers I, II and III, and in this
country IV is sometimes used for the latest stage
which overlaps the Roman period.
Mortarium-a.—A flat basin with a flange and a roughened
inner surface for pounding food.
Opus Signinum.—A form of flooring composed of cement
mixed with pounded brick.
Patera-ae.—A shallow saucer-like dish used, inter alia,
for pouring the libation at a sacrifice.
Pila-ae.—A small pier used to support the floor of a room
over a hypocaust.
Samian ware or terra sigillata.—A red glazed ware made in
Gaul and Germany and often stamped with the name
of the potter. So called from its false identification
with the pottery of Samos.
Strygil.—A curved instrument, generally of metal, used to
remove sweat from the body.
Taurobolium-a—The rite of purification by the blood of a
sacrificed bull, in the worship of Cybele and other
Tessera-ae.—Small cubes of stone, marble, earthenware or
glass used in the composition of mosaic pavements.
Thyrsos or Thyrsus.—A staff, terminating in a pine-cone
and entwined with ivy, used in the rites of Bacchus.
Upchurch Ware.—A grey coarse pottery made at Upchurch
and other places in Kent and Essex.