Of the meaning attached to the technical terms used in the inventory. Terms for which a sufficient interpretation is given in the Concise Oxford Dictionary, 7th ed. (1982), have
not been included.
Achievement – in heraldry, the shield with helm, crest,
mantling, supporters, etc.
Apron – A penel, plain or decorative, below an
architectural feature or composition.
Arch – Depressed – struck from a centre or centres well
below the line of springing.
Flat – having a horizontal soffit.
Nodding –curved forwards in advance of the plane of
Architrave – Eared – having the framing mouldings
extended laterally at the head and returned.
Banded masonry – Masonry laid in regular courses of
different heights or of varying materials.
Barnack – A hard shelly building stone from the Upper
Lincolnshire Limestone; used widely in the 12th and
13 th centuries and deriving its name from the village
Bay – The main vertical divisions of a building or
feature defined by recurring structural members as in
an arcade, a fenestrated elevation or a timber frame.
Beam – Axial – in a ceiling, placed centrally on the main
axis of the related structure.
Cross – in a ceiling, placed centrally on the short axis
of the related structure.
Intersecting – in a ceiling, combined axial and cross
Benefactor's table – Tablet or panel recording a
Blades – Principal curved members of a cruck truss.
Blind – Unpierced by any openings.
Brace – Diagonal timber strengthening a framework.
Arch – curved, usually between wall and roof timbers,
and often being one of a pair.
Passing – of considerable length, passing across other
members in the roof truss.
Brattishing – Upstanding ornamental cresting,
particularly of repetitive leaf form.
Bricks – Rubbed – of soft fabric, abraded to special
shapes after firing.
Buttress-es – Projecting support to a wall.
Angle – two meeting, or nearly meeting, at right
angles at the corner of a building.
Clasping – clasping or encasing the angle.
Diagonal – projecting diagonally at the corner of a
Lateral – at the corner of a building and axial with one
Canted window – Bay window with splayed sides.
Cap – A capital.
Capital – Cushion – cut from a cube with its lower
angles rounded off to adapt it to a circular shaft.
Stiff-leaf – formed by a number of stylised leaves of
Water-leaf – enriched with broad tapering leaves of
Casement – A wide concave moulding in window
jambs, etc. Also the hinged opening part of a window.
Console – Scroll-shaped ornamental bracket.
Continuous sills – Window sills continued across the
elevation to form a platband.
Cross wing – In a house, a wing at the end of, and at
right angles to, the main range.
Crown post – In a roof truss, a central post between tie
beam and collar.
Double depth – Of a house the plan of which consists of
two parallel ranges of rooms; also known as Double
Encaged shaft – A column partly attached in its
circumference to an adjacent feature.
Fielded panel – A panel with bevelled margins.
Fire window – Small window in the side or back of a
Flush dormer – A dormer window the front of which is
flush with the wall face below.
Foil – A leaf-shaped space defined by the cusping in an
opening or panel.
Garderobe – A small room containing a latrine.
Gibbs surround – With large plain blocks interrupting a
moulded architrave at intervals.
Glover – Small open turret on a dovecote for entry of
Hall – In a medieval house, the principal room which
was often open to the roof.
Head – Flat – having a rectangular head.
Four-centred – struck from cetnres.
Hollow chamfer – A shallow concave moulding.
Impost – The projection, often moulded, at the springing
of an arch.
Indent – Sinking, usually for a brass plate.
Jetty – The projection of the upper storey of a building
beyond the plane of the wall face below.
Jewelled – Prism-like decoration in relief.
Keel moulding – A moulding, with profile resembling
the section through the hull and keel of a boat.
Key-block – Simulated keystone, often of wood.
King mullion – in a multi-light window, a mullion of
Kneeler – A corbel or bonding-stone strengthening a
gable parapet or coping.
Lucarne – Small gabled window.
Lombardic capitals – Letters based on medieval
manuscript alphabets of N. Italy.
Mouchette – In window tracery, a curved dagger-shaped opening.
Nail-head – Ornament, of pyramid form, resembling a
Nook-shaft– A column shaft in a recess in a jamb,
splay or reveal.
Offset – The ledge where one vertical plane of a wall
sets back above another.
Orders – In arches, concentric rings of voussoirs
receding towards the opening.
Roman Doric – an architectural Order comprising a
column, sometimes fluted, moulded capital and
base, architrave, frieze with triglyphs, and cornice.
Tuscan – a simple Order, comprising an unfluted
column, moulded capital and base, architrave, plain
frieze, and cornice.
Oriel window – A projecting window, usually carried
upon corbels or brackets; also the large projecting
window lighting a hall.
Outshut – A subsidiary range parallel and contiguous to
the main range of a building, and with a roof of single
Overdoor – Decorative panel above a doorway.
Overmantel – Decorative feature or panel above a
Overthrow – Decorative panelling or ironwork
spanning an opening.
Pargetting – Plasterwork with relief or incised
Patera-ae – In Classical architecture, a dish-like
ornament. In Gothic architecture, a flower or lobed-leaf ornament, often square.
Pediment – Broken – in which the centre part of the
raking cornice and the tympanum are omitted.
Pegging – In a timber-framed structure, dowelling with
headless wooden pegs; hence pegholes.
Face-pegging – method of securing timbers by pegs
alone, without the use of mortices and tenons.
Pindle –A fissile sandy limestone, used in the early 19th
century as a facing material.
Plank-and-muntin– Timber wall construction
consisting of vertical planks grooved into stout
Platband –A projecting flat horizontal band of masonry
or brickwork, as distinct from a moulded string.
Post – Haunched – in timber-framed construction, a post
with a bracket-like swelling on one face to carry a
Potence – Revolving frame in a dovecote to take a
Purlin – Butt – one that butts against the face of a
Clasped – one that is held in notches between the collar
beam and the principal rafter.
Collar – in a trussed roof, a horizontal beam running
longitudinally beneath the collar beams.
Staggered – one which does not align with its
Rail – In carpentry and joinery, the horizontal member
of a framed construction.
Reeding – Decoration formed by parallel and adjacent
Rere-dorter – Monastic latrine.
Ridge-and-furrow – Remains of former cultivation;
initially strips of tilled land, with furrows on either
side, raised by the action of ploughing.
Roll moulding – A prominent continuous convex
moulding, also called a bowtell.
Sash window – Hung – in which the movement of the
glazed frames is vertical.
Sliding – in which the movement of the glazed frames
Scratch-moulded panelling –Panelling having small
plain panels with shallow incised mouldings on the
Screen – In secular buildings, a partition separating the
main space of a hall from the service end.
Screens Passage – the space at the service end of a hall
between the screen and the end wall.
Service end or wing – In a medieval house, that part at
one end of the hall containing the butteries, larders,
Shoulders – Of an arch, the corbels supporting a lintel.
Stages – Divisions of a structure marked by distinct
Staircase – Closed string – with the raking supporting
member(s) parallel-sided and housing the treads and
Open or cut-string – with the raking supporting
member(s) cut to the shape of the treads and risers.
Stand paten – A paten with a foot.
Stiff-leaf – See Capital.
Stop – 1. Block, often shaped or carved, terminating a
projecting moulding such as a string or label.
Head – carved in the form of a human, animal or
Mask – with a pointed profile and chamfered sides.
2. The feature, at the end of a chamfer or moulding,
shaped to transfer the latter to a square section,
Broach – half-pyramidal.
Leaf – of foliate form.
Run-out – dying out gradually.
Urn – with projecting feature of shaped profile.
Straight-joint – An unbonded junction between two
Strapwork – Decoration consisting of interlaced strap-like bands.
String, string-course – A projecting continuous
horizontal course or moulding.
Studs – The common uprights in timber-framed walls.
Studwork – Timber framework consisting largely of
Swag – In architectural ornament, a festoon suspended
from two points and carved to represent cloth or
flowers and fruit.
Term – A pedestal tapering towards the base and usually
supporting a bust.
Tracery – Flowing – comprising compound curves.
Geometrical – comprising simple curves.
Reticulated – comprising a net pattern composed of
circular, ogee or other shapes.
Vertical – with predominantly vertical mullions.
Truss – An open structural framework, especially of a
Closed – having the framework filled, so as to form a
Tusked tenon – Tenon passing through mortice and
secured by a peg on farther side of beam or rafter.
Wall-beam – beam lengthwise against a wall carrying a
Wall-post – An upright against, or partly in, a wall and
supporting a beam.
Water-holding base – A base having a concave
moulding, or mouldings, in its upper surface.
Wave moulding – A compound moulding comprising a
convex curve between two concave curves.
Weathering – A sloping surface for casting off water.