Chronology of York and the Empire

Page 44

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 1, Eburacum, Roman York. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1962.

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41–54 Claudius emperor
54–68 Nero emperor
68–9 Civil war
71–96 The Flavian emperors
98–117 Trajan emperor
117–38 Hadrian emperor
138–92 The Antonine emperors
193–211 Severus emperor
284–305 Diocletian emperor
292–305 Constantius I caesar of the west
305–6 Constantius I emperor
306–37 Constantine the Great emperor
364–75 Valentinian I emperor
367–83 Gratian emperor
395–423 Honorius emperor
43–9 Conquest of S. Britain Brigantes become a client-kingdom, allied to Rome
60 Revolt of Boudicca
68–9 Brigantes break with Rome
71–4 Cerialis defeats Brigantes
79–83 Agricola's campaigns in N. Britain
c. 117 Roman defeat, heavy casualties
120–1 Hadrian in Britain
122–8 Hadrian's Wall and forts built
193–7 Albinus, governor of Britain, strives to become emperor, taking the army of Britain to the continent
197 Severus defeats Albinus near Lyons Maeatae overrun N. part of Roman Britain
208–11 Severus in Britain: political and military administration reorganised Caledonia invaded
286–96 Usurpation of Carausius and Allectus
296 Constantius Caesar defeats Allectus Northern tribes overrun N. half of Roman Britain
306 Constantius I defeats the Picts and invades Caledonia
367–9 Combined raiding by Saxons, Picts and Scots. Count Theodosius in Britain
383–88 Usurpation of Magnus Maximus, who conquers Gaul and Spain
407–11 Constantine III, usurper emperor from Britain, invades the continent
410 Honorius instructs British civitates to provide for their own defence
71–2 IX Legion installed: fortress built
c. 80 Fortress strengthened
107–8 Fortress rebuilt in stone
c. 122 VI Legion replaces IX Legion
197 Destruction of fortress by Maeatae: subsequent rebuilding
208–11 Court of Severus at York, by 213 capital of Lower Britain: civil town becomes a colonia
211 Death of Severus at York
296 York destroyed: subsequent rebuilding
306 Death of Constantius I at York Constantine proclaimed emperor
314 Bishop of York at Council of Arles