An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 4, Outside the City Walls East of the Ouse. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1975.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by English Heritage. All rights reserved.
This fourth Inventory of Monuments in the City of York includes St. Mary's Abbey and the King's Manor, several areas of mediaeval settlement just outside the walls, and other areas which have become part of the City as 19th-century development spread over them. The walls enclosing St. Mary's Abbey were described and illustrated in the earlier Inventory volume, York II: The Defences (1972), but the relevant entry is repeated here to give a complete view of the whole abbey complex.
The description of St. Mary's Abbey has benefited from the researches of Dr. C. A. R. Radford and the late Professor F. Wormald, who have thrown much light on the uses of the various parts of the abbey, and of Professor G. Zarnecki, who has contributed to the study of the sculpture. The account of the King's Manor owes much to the researches of Sir John Summerson and Mr. H. M. Colvin.
The Yorkshire Museum contains a collection of sculpture from various parts of York, many of the pieces having come from buildings which no longer exist. It is not the Commission's general policy to list the contents of museums, but the sculpture here preserved is discussed in so far as it relates to the buildings of York, past and present. Similarly a brief indication of the extent of the topographical drawings in the City Art Gallery has been included, being relevant to any study of the buildings of York.
In the domestic field the destruction caused by the siege of York in 1644 and later rebuilding have left no substantial remains from a period earlier than the middle of the 17th century, and early documentary records of the kind that contributed much to the interest of York III (1972) do not exist for the extramural area now described. Here the early 19th-century material occupies the larger part of the Inventory, and a number of the houses of that period which provide good examples of contemporary design and workmanship have been treated more fully than the early 19th-century houses in our previous volumes; the descriptions of the numerous smaller houses have been rigorously compressed. In the Sectional Preface to our third volume on the City of York the design of houses was discussed at some length and many comments then made are equally applicable to the houses in the area now covered. Descriptions of all the buildings that have been recorded by the Commission's staff in the area have been included, even where the buildings have since been pulled down. Demolitions have resulted in the disappearance of some whole streets, but the map in the Inventory which shows the position of monuments is from an edition purposely chosen to show all the monuments recorded still standing. The most important change since the date of the map has been the bridging of the Ouse at Clifton.
In accordance with the Commission's practice no monument has been included which has not been inspected, and the written descriptions are amplified by drawn plans and elevations. Plans and elevations of houses are reproduced at a uniform scale of twenty-four feet to one inch; where a full key to the dating conventions used is not given, black represents original work and white or dotted represents alterations and additions. Some of the plans and elevations have been redrawn from the architects' original drawings. The photographs have all been taken by the Commission's photographers and include reproductions of some drawings which throw light on the earlier appearance of the buildings described.
I would draw attention to the fact that the record cards for the City of York may be consulted by accredited persons who give notice of their intention to the Secretary of the Commission. Copies of photographs may be purchased from the National Monuments Record.