Appendix A: list of forest eyres
|Temp. Hen. I||..||..||Pipe R. 1130 (Rec. Com.), 20, 21.|
|1169–70||Alan de Neville.||..||Pipe R. 1170 (P.R.S. xv), 62–64.|
|1173–4||Alan de Neville, Robert Mantel, and
William son of Ralph.||. .||Ibid. 1174 (P.R.S. xxi), 35.|
|1175||Forest Visitation of Hen. II.||..||Ibid. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 176–8;
R. de Diceto, Opera Historica
(Rolls Ser.) i. 402; Roger of
Howden, Chronica (Rolls Ser.),
|1178–9||Thomas son of Bernard.||..||Pipe R. 1179 (P.R.S. xxviii), 59.|
|1184–5||Geoffrey son of Peter (commonly
called FitzPeter).||. .||Ibid. 1185 (P.R.S. xxxiv), 193.|
|1197–8||Geoffrey son of Peter and Hugh de
Neville.||. .||Ibid. 1198 (P.R.S. N.S. ix), 72.|
|1200–1||Hugh de Neville, Hugh Wake,
Thomas de Sandford, Robert de
Vipont, and Ernisius de Neville.||. .||Ibid. 1201 (P.R.S. n.s. xiv), 81.|
|1207–8||Hugh de Neville and Peter de Lion'.||. .||Ibid. 1208 (P.R.S. n.s. xxiii),
|1211–12||Hugh de Neville, Peter de Lion', and
colleagues.||. .||Ibid. 1212 (P.R.S. n.s. xxx), 152.|
|18 Nov. 1224||Hugh de Neville, John de Bayeux,
and Henry de Cerne.||Wilton||Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i.
|1230||John of Monmouth, Ralph Musard,
and Henry de Cerne.||. .||Close R. 1227–7, 31, 382.|
|1239–41||John Biset.||. .||Pipe R. 1242 (ed. H. L. Cannon),
|1246||Robert Passelewe and colleagues.||. .||Close R. 1242–7, 435.|
|1257||Robert Walerand, William le Breton,
Nicholas of Romsey, and Geoffrey
of Lewknor||Wilton||E 32/198; E 32/10, m. 9.|
|14 Jan. 1263||Alan la Zuche, Nicholas of Romsey,
and Master William of Powick.||Wilton||E 32/199.|
|14 Jan. 1270||Roger de Clifford, Matthew de
Columbers, Nicholas of Romsey,
and Reynold de Akele.||Wilton||E 32/200.|
|4 July 1280||Roger de Clifford, Matthew de
Columbers, Adam Gurdun, and
William de Hamliton.||Wilton||Cal. Pat. 1272–81, 375; Wilts.
Inq. p.m. 1242–1326, 130.|
|ante 1297||Roger l'Estrange and colleagues.||. .||Cal. Close 1296–1302, 24.|
|26 Feb. 1330
until 1334||John Mautravers, Robert de Aspale,
William de Ponte Roberti, and
Hugh de Hampslape.||Salisbury||E 32/207.|
|(Robert de Aspale and Hugh de
Hampslape d. by end of eyre. John
de Mautravers was replaced on 16
Dec. 1330 by a new justice of the
forest, Robert de Ufford.)||..||Cal. Pat. 1330–4, 66, 329; Cal.
Close, 1327–30, 568; ibid.
1330–3, 240, 444, 453; E 146/
|16 Mar. 1355||Thomas de Braose, Richard de Willoughby, William Thorpe, and
John Inkpen.||Salisbury||E 32/267, m. 14; E 32/268.|
Appendix B: Wardens of the forests
dur. pleas. during pleasure
|Thomas de Sandford.||Temp. John||Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.) i. 471, 478.|
|Richard de Sandford (s. and h. of above).||1217||Pat. R. 1216–25, 55; Ex. e Rot. Fin.
(Rec. Com.), i. 63.|
|Warner de Sandford (br. and h. of above).||12 Apr. 1221||Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i. 63; Pat.
R. 1216–25, 286.|
|Hugh de Sandford (br. and h. of above).||By 27 Dec. 1222||Pat. R. 1216–25, 362.|
|Thomas de Sandford (br. and h. of above)||1231||Close R. 1227–31, 487.|
|Adam de Purton (neph. and elder coh. of
above).||24 Oct. 1241||Close R. 1237–42, 340; Ex. e Rot. Fin.
(Rec. Com.), i. 357.|
|Hugh Passelewe (app. by Rob. Passelewe, just. of forest).||22 Jan. 1250||Cal. Pat. 1247–58, 58.|
|John Vernon ('steward' of the Wilts.
forests, incl. Braydon).||21 Apr. 1250||Close R. 1247–51, 278, 294.|
|Adam de Purton (d. by 24 Feb. 1266).||Restored to
by 24 July
1251||Close R, 1247–51, 478; 1251–60, passim;
E 32/198/2; Cal. Inq. p.m. i, p. 199.|
|Robert de Keynes (g.s. and coh. of above;
d. 1281).||c. 1266||Cal. Close, 1272–9, 447; Wilts. Inq. p.m.
1242–1326, 138, E 32/200/8.|
|Amauri de St. Amand (as guardian of
infant h. of above).||5 Jan. 1282||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 177.|
|Robert (II) de Keynes (s. and h. of Rob.
(I) de Keynes).||6 Apr. 1294||Cal. Close, 1288–96, 345.|
|William de Roppelee.||c. 1300||C 47/6A/6.|
|Oliver de St. Amand (Rob. (II) de Keynes
conveyed his life interest to him without king's licence).||By 25 May 1309||Cal. Pat. 1307–13, 116; Cal. Close,
1307–13, 297; Cal. Inq. Misc. ii,
|Hugh le Despenser the Elder (Rob. (II)
de Keynes conveyed wardenship to him,
saving a life interest which he forfeited
in 1309).||25 May 1309||Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, 536; Cal. Inq.
Misc. ii, p. 120.|
|Gilbert of Berwick.||By 1330||E 32/212/1.|
|Thomas de Cary (king's yeoman, app.
dur. pleas. d. 1356).||5 Jan. 1331||Cal. Fine R. 1327–37, 220; Wilts. Inq.
p.m. 1327–77, 241.|
|John Bluet (king's yeoman, granted 'the
stewardship with the horn', for life).||18 Sept. 1358||Cal. Pat. 1358–61, 100.|
|William Archibald (king's serjeant, for
life).||16 May 1374||Cal. Pat. 1370–4, 448;1374–7, 364.|
|Robert Dingley (king's esquire, for life).||10 May 1380||Ibid. 1377–81, 488.|
|Edmund, Duke of York, Isabel, Duchess
of York, and Edward, Earl of Rutland,
their s. (for lives, in survivorship, after
Dingley's death).||10 Jan. 1390||Cal. Pat. 1388–92, 362.|
|Walter Beauchamp (king's esquire, for
life).||16 July 1405||Ibid. 1405–8, 73.|
|William Worston (app. by Edmund of York).||14 Nov. 1408||Ibid. 1416–22, 33.|
|Thomas Beauchamp (app. by Edmund of York for life; app.
confirmed by Crown).||28 Apr. 1416||. .|
|Walter Charlton.||20 Sept. 1420||Cal. Pat. 1422–9, 107.|
|Robert Andrew (app. dur. pleas.)||28 Aug. 1424||Ibid. 213.|
|Edmund of Hadham or Tudor, Earl of
Richmond (for life).||30 Mar. 1453||Ibid. 1452–61, 66.|
|John Russell (app. by Ric., Duke of York;
dism. after Coventry Parl. 20 Nov.
|James Butler, Earl of Wiltshire (for life,
'for good service against the rebels';
attainted 4 Nov. 1461).||19 Dec. 1459||Ibid.|
|John Russell (reapp. by Edw. IV for life).||? 1461||Ibid. 1467–77, 152.|
|Sir John Greville (for life).||28 Mar. 1469||Ibid.|
|Sir Robert Willoughby.||15 June 1486||DL 37/63/3.|
|John Staunton.||..||Cal. Pat. 1494–1509, 341.|
|John Eston (serjeant of cellar, for life).||4 Jan. 1504||Ibid.|
|William Bulstrode (gentleman usher of
the Chamber, for life).||3 Apr. 1504||Ibid. 348.|
|Sir Henry Long.||By Mar. 1534||L. & P. Hen. VIII, vii, p. 147.|
|Sir James Stumpe.||By 1555||Cal. Pat. 1554–5, 52.|
|Edmund Brydges, Lord Chandos (for
life; d. 1573).||4 June 1563||Ibid. 1560–3, 491.|
|William Brydges, Lord Chandos (2nd s.
of above; d. 1602).||By 1595||E 146/2/40/2, 4.|
|Sir Henry Knyvett.||By 1595||Ibid.|
|Walter Derby.||By 1600||Ibid.|
|Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk (d.
1626).||c. 1610–23||DL 39/4/23/1; DL 39/5/5.|
|Richard Digge.||c. 1610||DL 39/4/29/1|
|Robert Hyde.||c. 1614||Ibid.|
|Thomas Howard, Viscount Andover.||By Mar. 1623||Cal. S.P. Dom. 1619–23, 512.|
(ii) CHIPPENHAM AND MELKSHAM
Additional abbreviation: (D) = Constable of Devizes castle
|Ruald Croke (?).||Temp. Hen. I||Pipe R. 1130 (Rec. Com.), 17.|
|Matthew Croke (ann. farm 54s. to treasury, 6s. tithe to canons of Salisbury).||By 1160||Pipe R. 1160 (P.R.S. ii), 17.|
|Ralph son of Stephen.||1175–6||Ibid. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 172.|
|Geoffrey son of Peter (commonly called
FitzPeter) (later Earl of Essex).||1190–1||Ibid. 1192 (P.R.S. n.s. ii), 281.|
|Thomas de Sandford (D).||1198–9||Ibid. 1199 (P.R.S. n.s. x), 170.|
|Richard de Sandford (s. of above; dur.
pleas.).||10 Apr. 1217.||pat. R. 1216–25, 55.|
|John Marshall (D).||5 May 1217||Pat. R. 1216–25, 62; Rot. Litt. Claus.
(Rec. Com.), i. 330.|
|Philip de Aubeney (D) (dur. pleas.)||6 July 1219||Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 395.|
|William Brewer (D) (dur. pleas.).||29 July 1221||Ibid. 550, 594; Pat. R. 1216–25, 299.|
|Richard Poore (D) (Bp. Salisbury; dur.
pleas.).||Oct. 1225||Pat. R. 1216–25, 555.|
|Richard de Gray (D) (dur. pleas.)||29 July 1228||Ibid. 1225–32, 198; Close R. 1227–31,
|Gilbert Bassett (D) (dur. pleas.).||6 Dec. 1229||Pat. R. 1225–32, 317.|
|Peter de Rivaux (D).||1232||Close R. 1231–4, 96.|
|Peter de Maulay (D) (dur. pleas.).||3 Jan. 1234||Ibid. 361.|
|John du Plessis, Earl of Warwick (D)
(dur. pleas. ann. farm 50s.).||30 May 1234||Cal. Pat. 1232–47, 51, 234.|
|John Vernon ('steward' of Wilts. forests
incl. Chippenham and Melksham).||21 Apr. 1250||Close R. 1247–51, 278, 306, 339.|
|Robert de Neville (D) ut custos (dur.
pleas.).||6 May 1263||Cal. Pat. 1258–66, 257.|
|Philip Bassett (D) (justiciar of Eng. dur.
pleas.).||15 June 1263||Ibid. 264, 279, 299.|
|Hugh le Despenser (D) (justiciar of Eng.
dur. pleas.).||12 July 1264||Ibid. 335.|
|Philip Bassett (D).||Reapp. after
4 Aug. 1265||Ibid. 574; Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.),
|Ellis de Rabyn (D) (dur. pleas.)||2 Nov. 1271||Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii. 551–2.|
|John of Havering (D) (app. dur. pleas.
by 'lieutenants of lord Edw.', to whom
Hen. III had granted castle and forests).||8 June 1272||Cal. Pat. 1266–72, 659–60.|
|Ralph of Sandwich (D) (dur. pleas.).||8 Dec. 1275||Ibid. 1272–81, 127.|
|Matthew son of John (D) (for life, ann.
farm £40 for the forests, castle, and
town of Devizes, manor of Rowde, &c.
d. 1309).||17 May 1287||Cal. Pat. 1281–92, 270, 280; Cal. Fine
R. 1272–1307, 242, 529; Wilts. Inq.
p.m. 1242–1326, 172, 376.|
|John de Montague (app. by Q. Margaret,
who had been assigned in dower the
forests, the castle and town, &c.).||c. 1301||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 529; Cal. Pat.
1292–1301, 452; E 32/204/5.|
|John de Montsorel (D).||..||E 32/204/5; B.M. Add. Ch. 7066.|
|John Bluet.||By 1314||E 32/204/6.|
|John de Montsorel.||. .||Ibid.|
|Robert de Batlescoumbe (D)||By 17 Apr. 1327||Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 18.|
|Gilbert of Berwick (D) (app. by Q.
Philippa; £80 farm for forests, castle,
town, manor, and purprestures).||14 Dec. 1330||Cal. Fine R. 1327–37, 214.|
|Roger de Beauchamp (D) (app. by Q.
Philippa, for life; app. confirmed by
Ric. II).||26 May 1344||Cal. Pat. 1343–5, 270.|
|4 Mar. 1378||Ibid. 1377–81, 182.|
|Hugh Pope.||c. 1365||E 32/279/13.|
|Sir Nicholas de Sharnesfield (D) (for life,
after Beauchamp's death; £85 ann.
farm for forests, castle, manor, town,
&c.)||30 Jan. 1380||Cal. Fine R. 1377–83, 182–3.|
|Sir John Lovel (D) (for life)||28 Nov. 1381||Cal. Pat. 1381–5, 62.|
|Sir Edmund Hungerford (D) (app. dur.
pleas. by Humphrey Duke of Glouc.
to whom the king had granted the
forests; app. confirmed by Hen. VI;
confirmed for life).||29 Mar. 1443||Ibid.|
|1455||Rot. Parl. v. 318a.|
|Richard Beauchamp (D) (Bp. of Salisbury; for 20 yrs. ann. farm £46 13s. 4d.
for forests, castle, town, manor, &c.).||8 Apr. 1461||Call. Pat. 1461–7, 95; Cal. Fine R.
|Thomas Stafford (app. by Ric. III)||1483–5||Cal. Pat. 1485–94, 56.|
|Sir Richard Beauchamp (for life).||15 Feb. 1486||Ibid.|
|Thomas Long.||. .||DL 39/3/1.|
|Anthony de St. Amand and Edmund
Dudley (for the life of St. Amand only).||17 July 1508||Cal. Pat. 1494–1509, 589.|
|Anthony de St. Amand (app. confirmed
by Hen. VIII).||1516||L. & P. Hen. VIII, ii (1), p. 613.|
|Sir Edward Baynton.||By Mar. 1534||Ibid. vii, p. 146.|
|Sir William Herbert (cr. Earl of Pembroke 1551; app. by queen for life).||12 Apr. 1546||Ibid. xxi (1), p. 359.|
|Henry Herbert, Earl of Pembroke (s. and
h. of above; d. 19 Jan. 1601).||By Jan. 1600||E 178/2453, 2458.|
|Sir Henry Baynton.||. .||Ibid.|
|George Pollard (in reversion after above;
ann. fee £15 13s. 4d.).||9 Jan. 1597||Cal. S.P. Dom. 1595–7, 149, 345.|
|Sir John Danvers (for life, in reversion
after Pollard).||29 Sept. 1603||Ibid. 1603–10, 154.|
|Philip Herbert, Earl of Montgomery
(Earl of Pembroke, 1630; in reversion
after Pollard and Danvers).||10 Aug. 1611||Ibid. 1611–18, 68.|
(iii) SELWOOD IN WILTSHIRE
|Walter FitzOsmund (10s. farm for 'forest
of Westbury').||1175–6||Pipe R. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 172.|
|Walter Giffard and Osbert Waspail.||1187–8||Ibid. 1188 (P.R.S. xxxviii), 137.|
|Walter of (Westbury) Leigh.||1189||Ibid. 1190 (P.R.S. n.s. i), 118.|
|Philip of (Westbury) Leigh (s. of above)||1193–4||Ibid. 1193 (P.R.S. n.s. iii), 79; 1194
(P.R.S. n.s. v), 197|
|James Huse (king's yeoman; d. 1249).||c. 1235||Close R. 1234–7, 88, 127, 253, and passim; 1247–51, 268, 278; Wilts. Inq.
p.m. 1242–1326, 10.|
|John Vernon ('steward' of the Wilts.
forests incl. Selwood).||21 Apr. 1250||Close R. 1247–51, 278, 298.|
|Adam de Grenville (for life, ann. farm
20s.).||18 May 1251||Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii. 106;
Cal. Pat. 1247–58, 96.|
|William de Grenville (dur. pleas.; ann.
farm 10 marks).||23 Jan. 1273||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 2.|
|Robert de Ware.||5 Feb. 1275||Ibid. 41.|
|William Wolf (for life).||12 Oct. 1285||Cal. Pat. 1281–92, 196.|
|Reynold of Kingston (for life; ann. farm
£10; farm reduced to 1 mark on reduction of forest after perambulations).||13 Oct. 1306||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 541.|
|4 June 1318||Ibid. 1337–47, 300; 1369–77, 137; Cal.
Close 1313–18, 550.|
|Thomas Carey (king's yeoman; in fee
after death of above; d. 1356).||28 Sept. 1342||Cal. Fine R. 1337–47, 300; Wilts. Inq.
p. m. 1327–77, 241.|
|John (I) Carey (d. 1360).||c. 1356||Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 306, 363–4.|
|Sir Thomas (II) Carey (d. 1361).||1360||Ibid. 280.|
|John (II) Carey (br. and h. of John (I)
Carey).||. .||Ibid. 367–8; Cal. Fine R. 1369–77, 137.|
|Roger of Stourton (conveyed to him and
his h. in fee by John (II) Carey).||1372||Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 367–8.|
|Thomas of Hungerford the Elder (by
grant of Stourton to him in tail male,
with remainder to his h. in fee).||3 Feb. 1380||Cal. Pat. 1377–81, 428.|
|Walter (I) of Hungerford (s. and h. of
above; by grant from father in tail; d.
9 Aug. 1449).||10 Nov. 1395||Ibid. 1391–6, 636.|
|Robert Lord Hungerford (s. and h. of
above; d. 1459).||1449||Hoare, Mod. Wilts. hund. of Westbury,
|? Robert (II) Lord Hungerford and
Moleyns (s. and h. of above; attainted
and possessions forfeited 1461).||? 1459||Complete Peerage, vi. 618–19.|
|? Sir Walter (II) Hungerford (s. and h.
of above; obtained restitution of
father's estates in 1485; d. 1516).||? 1485||L. & P. Hen. VIII, ii (1), p. 240.|
|? Sir Edward Hungerford (s. and h. of
above; d. 1522).||? 1516||Complete Peerage, vi. 618–19.|
|? Sir Walter (III) Hungerford (s. and h.
of above; cr. Lord Hungerford 1536;
attainted and executed 1540).||? 1523||Ibid. 624–26; L. & P. Hen. VIII. vi.
|Henry Herbert, Earl of Pembroke (d.
19 Jan. 1601).||. .||Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1625–49 (Index Libr.),
|Alvric the Huntsman (?)||Temp. Ed. Confessor||See above, p. 420.|
|Richard Esturmy (Sturmy) (?)||Temp. Wm. I||Ibid.|
|Henry (I) Esturmy (s. of above (?); ann.
farm £4 1s. to exchequer, and 9s. tithe
to canons of Salisbury; d. c. 1162).||Temp. Hen. I||Pipe R. 1130 (Rec. Com.), 17; 1156–8
(Rec. Com.), 58; 1163 (P.R.S. vi), 46;
Cardigan, Wardens of Savernake,
|Geoffrey (I) Esturmy (s. and h. of above;
d. c. 1200; disseised temp. Ric. I,
reapp. 1197).||After 1163||Pipe R. 1197 (P.R.S. n.s. viii), 216;
Cardigan, op. cit. 22 sqq.|
|Henry (II) Esturmy (s. and h. of above).||c. 1199–1200||Pipe R. 1199 (P.R.S. n.s. x), 181; Rot.
Chart. (Rec. Com.), 52.|
|Alexander de Bassingbourne (dur. pleas.
as guardian of Geof. infant s. and h. of
above).||23 Nov. 1222||Pat. R. 1216–25, 353.|
|Geoffrey le Savage (dur. pleas. as guardian of Geof. Esturmy).||1223||Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 528.|
|Geoffrey (II) Esturmy (s. and h. of above
Henry; d. 1245–6).||23 Dec. 1226||Ibid. ii. 162.|
|Robert de Mucegros (constable of Marlborough, dur. pleas. as guardian of inf.
h. of above.||25 April 1246||Close R. 1242–7, 418; E 32/198/10.|
|Arnold de Bois (just. of forest S. of
Trent; dur. pleas. as guardian of Geof.
Esturmey's h.).||31 Jan. 1254||Cal. Pat. 1247–58, 363.|
|Henry de la Mare (constable of Marlborough dur. pleas. as guardian of
Geof.'s h.).||25 Feb. 1254.||Close R. 1253–4, 217–18.|
|Henry (III) Esturmy (s. and h. of Hen.
(II) Esturmy; d. 1295).||23 Mar. 1254||Ibid. 39–40; Cal. Inq. p.m. iii, p. 172.|
|Henry (IV) Esturmy (s. and h. of Hen.
(III) Esturmy; d. 1305).||3 Dec. 1295||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 367; Wilts. Inq.
p.m. 1242–1326, 312.|
|Henry (V) Esturmy (s. and h. of Hen. (IV)
Esturmy; d. 1338).||1305||Cal. Inq. p.m. iv. p. 210.|
|John de Flory.||1330–8||E32/210/3; E32/217/1.|
|Sir Henry (VI) Esturmy (s. and h. of
Hen. (V) Esturmy).||1338||Cal. Inq. p.m. viii, p. 101.|
|Simon Simeon (king's yeoman, dur.
pleas.).||23 Aug. 1342||Cal. Pat. 1340–3, 510.|
|Sir Henry (VI) Esturmy (reapp. d. 1381).||12 May 1359||Ibid. 1358–61, 199. Cal. Fine R. 1377–
|John Wiley.||1370–8||Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 362–3; Cardigan, Wardens of Savernake, 89.|
|William (I) Esturmy (neph. and h. of Sir
Hen.) and Sir John Roche (constable
of Marlborough). (To hold wardenship
jointly for as long as in king's hand
after d. of Sir Hen.)||28 June 1381||Cal. Fine R. 1377–81, 261.|
|Sir William (I) Esturmy (neph. and h. of
Sir Hen. (VI); d. 1427. Removed from
office by Humph. Duke of Glouc. to
whom king had granted the forest in
1403).||1382 1417||Cardigan, op. cit. 93 sqq.
|Walter Beauchamp (steward of Humph.
Duke of Glouc).||1417||Cardigan, op. cit. 99–101.|
|Sir William (I) Esturmy (restored to
office by the duke; d. 1427).||1420||Ibid.|
|Sir John (I) Seymour (g.s. of above;
settled on him by Sir Wm. shortly
before his death. Forfeited in 1461,
probably by adherence to the Lancastrian cause).||1427||Ibid. 102 sqq.|
|Thomas Beauchamp (with manor, town
and lordship of Marlborough, for 20
years, at ann. farm to be agreed with
Treasurer).||9 Apr. 1461||Cal. Fine R. 1461–71, 11.|
|Sir John (I) Seymour (recovered office
before d. in Dec. 1464).||..||Ibid. 127; Cardigan, Wardens of Savernake, 115–18.|
|John Seymour (his g.s.).||..||Ibid.|
|Edward Blount, esquire, John Arfos,
clerk, and Wm. White, clerk (committees of Sir John's lands and the
wardenship until 2 Feb. 1466).||9 Mar. 1465||Cal. Fine R. 1461–71, 161.|
|John (II) Seymour (g.s. and h. of Sir
John (I); d. 1491).||c. 1466||Cardigan, op. cit. 129.|
|Alexander Seymour (his br.).||..||Ibid. 125.|
|Sir John (III) Seymour (s. and h. of
John (II) Seymour; d. 1536).||1491||Ibid. 130 sqq.|
|Edward Seymour (s. and h. of above; cr.
Duke of Som. 1547; ex. 1552).||1536||Ibid. 139 sqq.|
|Sir Edward Seymour (s. and h. of above;
later Earl of Hertford. Wardenship
restored as hered. possession by Act of
Parl.).||1 Mary||Ibid. 155; 1 Mary c. 23.|
|Croc the Huntsman (?).||Temp. Wm. I||See above, p. 425.|
|Ruald or Rainald Croke (?) (s. of Croc.).||Temp. Hen. I||Ibid.|
|Matthew Croke (s. or g.s. of Rainald?;
60s. farm.).||By 1156||Pipe R. 1156–8 (Rec. Com.), 56; 1188 (P.R.S. xxxviii), 137.|
|Ellis Croke (s. of above; d. 1210–11).||1189–90||Ibid. 1190 (P.R.S. N.S. i) x; Rot. de Ob.
et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 171; Pipe R. 1211
(P.R.S. N.S. xxviii), 164.|
|Michael de Columbers (husband of
Avice, daughter and h. of above).||6 Oct. 1215||Rot. de Ob. et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 288,
567; Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i.
|Avice de Columbers (widow of above; d. 1259).||11 Apr. 1235||Cal. Pat. 1232–47, 100; Wilts. Inq. p.m.
|Matthew de Columbers (s. and h. of
Avice; ann. farm 10s.).||Oct. 1259||Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii. 313; Cal.
Close, 1279–88, 104.|
|John (I) de Lisle (d. 1304) and Nichola,
his wife (niece of above).||4 Nov. 1281||Cal. Close, 1279–88, 104; Cal. Inq. p.m.
iv, p. 153.|
|John (II) de Lisle (s. and h. of above;
d. 1331).||5 Aug. 1304||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 497; Wilts.
Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 70.|
|Bartholomew de Lisle (s. and h. of above;
d. 1345).||1331||Cal. Pat. 1327–30, 461; Cal. Inq. p.m.
vii, pp. 261–2; viii, pp. 426–7; Wilts.
Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 168.|
|Edmund de la Beche (king's clerk, for
life, by grant of above).||7 Apr. 1340||Cal. Pat. 1338–40, 477.|
|Sir John (III) de Lisle (s. and h. of Bart.
de Lisle; d. 1370).||8 Nov. 1356||Cal. Pat. 1354–8, 468; E 32/279/3;
Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327–77, 364–5.|
|Peter de Brugge (dur. pleas. as guard. of
infant h. of above).||29 Dec. 1370||Cal. Pat. 1370–4, 28.|
|Robert Fanton.||c. 1375||E 32/275/4.|
|Nicholas Fauconer (dur. pleas. as guard.
of Sir John's h.).||6 May 1376||Cal. Pat. 1374–7, 266.|
|John (IV) de Lisle (s. and h. of Sir John
(III) de Lisle).||By 8 Mar. 1388||Cal. Close, 1385–9, 381; Wilts. Inq. p.m.
|John (V) de Lisle.||1408||Complete Peerage, viii. 44.|
|John (VI) de Lisle.||1429||Ibid.; Cal. Fine R. 1461–71, 39.|
|Sir Nicholas Lisle (removed from office
1490).||1471||DL 39/2/9; DL 39/3/31, 32.|
|Roger Cheyne (formerly deputy of above).||1490||Ibid.|
|Sir Nicholas Lisle (reinstated; d. 20 Mar.
1506).||8 Nov. 1500||Cal. Pat. 1494–1509, 219.|
|Sir John (VII) Lisle (d. c. 1523).||1506||L. & P. Hen. VIII, i (1), p. 211.|
|William Lord Sandys (d. Dec. 1540).||23 Feb. 1524||Ibid. iv (1), p. 58.|
|William Wroughton.||9 Mar. 1542||Ibid. xvii, p. 158.|
|Roger Garth (ranger).||c. 1568||E 146/2/39.|
|Richard Giffard (ranger, for life).||1 Aug. 1606.||Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603–10, 328.|
|Sir John Philpot (ranger).||By Apr. 1626||Ibid. 1625–6, 564.|
|Waleran the Huntsman (?).||Temp. Wm. I||See above, p. 393.|
|Waleran (son of a certain Wm.? g.s. and
h. of above; £25 farm and 50s. tithe
to canons of Salisbury, for New and
Clarendon forests).||By 1130||Pipe R. 1130 (Rec. Com.), 17.|
|Walter Walerand (d. c. 1200; for New
and Clarendon forests).||By 1156||Ibid. 1156–8 (Rec. Com.), 56; Rot. Litt.
Claus. (Rec. Com.) i. 526.|
|William de Neville (m. Isabel, daughter
and co-h. of above; for New and
Clarendon forests).||1200–1||Pipe R. 1201 (P.R.S. n.s. xii), 103;
Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 226;
Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 35.|
|William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury (for
Clarendon only).||1216–17||Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 314,
519, 526, 531, et passim.|
|John of Monmouth (husband of Cecily,
daughter and co-h. of Wal. Walerand;
received seisin in right of wife, but
failed to substant. his hered. claim; on
30 Apr. 1224 received a new grant dur.
pleas.).||31 Jan. 1223||Pat. R. 1216–25, 47; Rot. Litt. Claus.
(Rec. Com.), i. 531, 595; ii. 156.|
|Peter de Rivaux (for life).||20 July 1232||Cal. Pat. 1225–32, 491–2.|
|Walter de Langford (dur. pleas.).||19 Apr. 1236||Ibid. 1232–47, 142.|
|Henry de Bun for 3 yrs. ann. farm, £20;
allowed 60s. 10d. for custody of king's
houses at Clarendon).||18 May 1236||Ibid. 146; Pipe R. 1242 (ed. H. L.
|Adam Cook (king's serjeant).||1239||Close R. 1237–42, 159 sqq.|
|William de Horsenden.||1247||Ibid. 1247–51, 20, 144.|
|Robert de Stopham (king's huntsman,
was paid £20 a yr. to keep manor and
forest of Clarendon).||1249||Ibid. 4, 150; Cal. Pat. 1247–58, 40.|
|Robert Walerand (dur. pleas.).||14 June 1259||Cal. Pat. 1258–66, 28.|
|Robert of Glastonbury (dur. pleas.).||30 May 1266||Ibid. 598.|
|Stephen de Edworth (dur. pleas.)||3 May 1269||Ibid. 1266–72, 336.|
|John Russell (dur. pleas.).||21 Aug. 1273||Cal. Fine R. 1272–1307, 10.|
|Bartholomew de Picheford (dur. pleas.).||2 Oct. 1276||Ibid. 73.|
|Edmund Gacelyn.||c. 1282||Hoare, Mod. Wilts. hund. of Alderbury,
|John de Vienne (king's yeoman, dur.
pleas.).||3 Mar. 1291||Cal. Pat. 1281–92, 424.|
|William de Beauchamp (dur. pleas.).||4 May 1308||Ibid. 1307–13, 67.|
|Walter Jocelyn (dur. pleas.).||12 Jan. 1313||Ibid. 520.|
|Hugh le Despenser.||c. 1324||Hoare, Mod. Wilts. hund. of Alderbury,
|Robert de Micheldevere (to keep 'manor,
park and forest', dur. pleas.).||19 July 1325||Cal. Fine R. 1319–27, 355.|
|John de Chidiok (dur. pleas.).||24 Feb. 1327||Cal. Pat. 1327–30, 22.|
|Giles de Beauchamp (for life).||22 Nov. 1327||Cal. Fine R. 1327–37, 70.|
|John Mautravers (dur. pleas.).||29 Oct. 1330||Cal. Pat. 1330–4, 18.|
|Giles de Beauchamp||10 Dec. 1330||Cal. Fine R. 1327–37, 219.|
|(reapp. for life; no farm)||1 Apr. 1334||Cal. Pat. 1330–4, 537–8.|
|Roger Mortimer, Earl of March (for life;
d. 1360).||30 June 1354||Ibid. 1354–8, 198–9; Wilts. Inq. p.m.
|John de Walford.||c. 1354||Cal. Fine R. 1347–56, 417.|
|Hildebrand Barre.||c. 1358||Ibid. 1356–69, 76.|
|Robert Russell.||c. 1360||E 32/140/2.|
|Adam de Buckshill (for life).||By 8 Feb. 1368||Cal. Close, 1364–8, 415; Cal. Pat. 1367–
|Thomas Bradwell.||c. 1374||Cal. Inq. Misc. iii, pp. 340–1.|
|Baldwin de Bereford (king's knight, for
life, no farm).||20 Nov. 1381||Cal. Pat. 1381–5, 45, 57; 1391–6, 582–3.|
|Peter de Courtenay (for life).||22 Oct. 1399||Ibid. 1399–1401, 75.|
|John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset.||May 1405||Cal. Close, 1402–5, 400.|
|Humphrey of Lancaster (for life).||17 Mar. 1410||Cal. Pat. 1408–13, 170.|
|William Beauchamp (kt., 'one of king's
carvers'; in tail male. Annulled by
Westminster Parl. 1455–6).||9 June 1447||Ibid. 1436–41, 444; 1446–52, 55.|
|William Beauchamp, kt., styled Lord
St. Amand, and Richard Beauchamp,
his s. and h. (in survivorship).||18 Sept. 1456||Ibid. 1452–61, 323.|
|Thomas Courtenay, Earl of Devon (for
17 yrs. to hold himself or by deputies).||17 July 1457||Ibid. 362.|
|James Butler, Earl of Wiltshire and John
Nanfan, esquire for the Body (in survivorship).||12 Apr. 1457||Ibid. 419.|
|William Fitz Alan or Mautravers, Earl
of Arundel.||1461||Cal. Pat. 1461–7, 15.|
|Thomas Fitz Alan, Mautravers of Arundell, Earl of Arundel. Reapp. for life.||By 1487 23 Mar. 1495||DL 39/2/19/7, 9. Cal. Pat. 1494–1509, 23.|
|Sir Thomas Milbourne.||. .||DL 39/2/19/7, 9.|
|Thomas Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel,
and Sir William Mautravers, his s.
(in survivorship).||16 Mar. 1510||L. & P. Hen. VIII, i (1), p. 277.|
|Arthur Plantagenet, Viscount Lisle (for
life (?)).||26 Nov. 1524||Ibid. iv (1), p. 392; vi. p. 55.|
|Sir Richard Lister (by grant of above
during life of grantor).||. .||Ibid. xiii (1), p. 64.|
|Sir Michael Lister (granted reversion of
wardenship).||30 Jan. 1538||Ibid.|
|Sir William Uvedale.||. .||Cal. Pat. 1553, 276–7.|
|Sir Edward Baynton.||. .||Ibid.|
|William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, and
Henry, Lord Herbert, his s. (in survivorship).||26 June 1553||Ibid.|
|William, Earl of Pembroke (for life).||17 May 1603||Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603–10, 9.|
|Philip, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery.||1635||Hoare, Mod. Wilts. hund. of Alderbury,
|George Monck, Duke of Albemarle.||1665||Ibid. 121, 134.|
Maps of the royal forests
GENERAL NOTE: A Date after a place-name indicates the earliest year in which that
place is known to have been within the forest or subject to forest law.
Brackets indicate that the place was declared to be outside the forest
or disafforested at the date recorded. Unless otherwise stated, all
references to O.S. maps in the Keys to the Bounds are to 1/25,000 maps
Braydon Forest. Key to bounds
BOUNDS OF 1228 (Close R. 1227–31, 103–4)
A. Eton of the nuns of Godstowe (Water Eaton or
Nuneaton, a hamlet, now disappeared, situated
1773 at Seven Bridges, where the CrickladeStratton St. Margaret road crosses R. Key:
Andrews and Dury, pl. 17).
B. along the . . . Werfe (R. Ray: P.N. Wilts. 9).
C. to Spersolt (Sparcell's Fm.).
D. up the stream (tributary of R. Ray).
. . . to Lidiart Rogeri de Elsfford (? as far as
Lydiard Tregoze pond).
E. and . . . to 'Antidoure', and from 'Didoure' and
down to the place where 'Garsceburn' falls into
'Tideur'. (Boundary here is probably the Grittenham-Brinkworth Brook: P.N. Wilts. 3; O.S.
31/98; cf. 1225 and 1279 perambulations,
F. down Garseburn (Woodbridge Brook: P.N. Wilts.
G. to the mill below Garsdon (see O.S. 31/98).
H. along the same stream (the tributary of Woodbridge Brook on which Garsdon Mill stands)
I. to Braydon Brook (Swill Brook. The former name
now applied only to a tributary of Swill Brook
which forest boundary follows for short
distance before following Swill Brook itself:
O.S. map 31/99).
J. to the spring of Hailstone which falls into the Thames
(E. of Hailstone Hill: O.S. 41/09).
K. along the Thames to Eton where 'Werffe' falls into
BOUNDS OF 1225 (BM. Stowe MS. 798,
ff. 25b, 26a) AND 1279 (C 47/12/2/4)
a. Wootton Bassett mill (SW. of Wootton Bassett,
where main road crosses Grittenham-Brinkworth Brook: O.S. 41/08).
b. along the stream (Grittenham-Brinkworth Brook).
c. to the bridge of 'Bronig' (Browning's Bridge, SW.
of Hooker's Gate: Thomson, Bradon Forest, 10;
O.S. 41/08) . . . and . . .
d. to Garsiburn (Woodbridge Brook).
e. . . . unto 'Wodebrigg' (NE. of Cleverton: O.S.
f. Pinkeland (Pink Lane: ibid.).
g. Swethegg (Swatnage Wood).
h. . . . along 'Lokesbrok' (? 'the gutter running N.
from Cloatly by side of Norley Copse into
Braydon Brook': Thomson, Bradon Forest, 11;
i. into Braydon Brook
j. to 'Stokenebrigg' (Oaksey Ford Bridge: Thomson,
op. cit. 9; O.S. 31/99).
k. . . . along the . . . Thames to Hailstone
l. and . . . to Cricklade Bridge
m. and . . . to Calcutt Bridge
n. and so up the river called 'Worwinchel' (1225),
'Wersmere' (1279) (R. Key).
o. . . . to 'Stocbrigg' (1279 only. Probably Purton
Stoke bridge: O.S. 41/09).
p. . . . to Nicholas de Bentham's smithy (1225 only.
Probably represented by Bentham Fm.: O.S.
q. Gestinglee (site of Battle-lake Fm.: Thomson,
Bradon Forest, 10).
r. . . . up the stream without 'Gustinglee' (1225 only.
? the streamlet running S. from 'Abbot's
Bridge' to Brockhurst Fm.: O.S. 41/08).
s. to Green Hill (1279 only).
t. to 'Volcan Baillardi' (1225 only. Ballard's Ash).
u. to Wootton Bassett church.
. . . and so by the Ridge Way (?) to Wootton mill
BOUNDS OF 1300 (W.A.M. iv. 200–1) and
1330 (E 32/225/8)
1. Bustok/Beostocke (Charlton Oak: O.S. 41/08).
2. Greneborn (Derry Brook: O.S. 41/09).
3. Coulstocks Ford (O.S. 41/08).
4. between the two 'Sampfords' (Sambourn Bridge:
5. Callow Hill (ibid.).
6. Godfray's Hurne (ibid.).
7. the house of Henry atte Borne (represented by
Bournelake Fm., NW. of Chelworth Upper
. . . down to the Thames, and thence along the
Thames to the land of William atte Bridge
(? Hailstone Bridge, W. of Hailstone Hill: see
1606 perambulation, printed Thomson, Bradon
Forest, App. I).
8. . . . the house of William of the Mill (? West Mill:
ibid., and O.S. 41/09).
9. Coverdecrouch/Coverledecroiz (The bounds appear
to have run S. along West Mill Lane to Culverhay Cross, near the Pike Ho. Culverhay Close
persists as an adjoining field name: Thomson,
Bradon Forest, App. I.)
10. thence by the king's highway (S. from 'the Forty'
along main Cricklade—Purton road to end of
Chelworth Lane: ibid.).
. . . to Nicholas Hobbeshort's house (? where
Broadleaze Fm. stands: ibid.).
11. Lands and a wood belonging to John de Neville on
W. bank of R. Key were declared outside
forest in 1300. The 1606 perambulation suggests
that Chelworth Lane formed N. boundary of
these lands: ibid. On S. 'the ditch between John
de Neville's wood and Robert de Keynes's wood'
(1300 perambulation) may be represented by
the 'Ancient Bank' near Purton Stoke: O.S.
41/09. The forest bound returned to R. Key at
'Stokebrigge' (Purton Stoke bridge: 1330 perambulation).
12. la Mereweye ('Turne Throue Meare': O.S. 41/08).
la Battenhende/Batthedelynde (For Battle End
see Thomson, Bradon Forest, App. I.)
13. along the road to 'Tholnitreshulle' (Tollenthresh
Hill: O.S. 41/08).
14. and . . . 'Hermit's Croft' (? Armyn Cross: ibid.).
Chippenham and Melksham forests. Key to bounds
BOUNDS OF 1228 (Close R. 1227–31, 103–4)
From the vill of Calne along the Devizes high road . . .
to Rowde. (probably followed line of road shown in
Andrews and Dury, pl. 11, i.e. Calne, Mile Elm,
Weaver's Bridge, Broad's Green, Heddington
Wick, Nether St., St. Edith's Marsh, Rowde).
Rowde water (Summerham Brook).
Semet water (Semington Brook: P.N. Wilts. 10).
Melkeden water (R. Marden: ibid. 8–9).
BOUNDS OF 1300 (W.A.M. iv. 206–7)
A. Stanley bridge. Along the highway to
B. the gate of Stanley (abbey). Thence by same highway through
C. the middle of the town of Studley.
D. the bridge of Samborn (E. of Black Dog Hill).
E. up the stream (of 'Sambourne', which flowed N.
into R. Marden: it was dammed temp. Jas. I to
make the lake at Bowood).
F. to Fynnam ('Finemore', 1279) bridge (? at the
weir N. of Whetham Ho.: W.A.M. xli. 407,
And so along the road . . . to
G. the cross before the house of Horne (about 1 m. NE.
of Chittoe: O.S. 31/96.) . . . and . . .
H. Horsleperde (Horselepride Gate).
I. Thence along the road which comes from Devizes
(Beech Walk: O.S. 31/96) . . . to . . .
J. the Ash of Lacock (represented by Nash Hill Fm.)
. . . and . . .
K. the bridge of Lacock (Rey bridge).
and from thence . . . as the water of Avon divideth
. . . unto
L. Chippenham bridge . . . and . . .
Merkden (R. Marden).
1. Whaddon bridge (over Semington Brook near
Whaddon Grove Fm.: O.S. 31/86).
Along by the water (Semington Brook) to
2. Semington bridge (in Semington village).
3. Seend Head (about 1½ m. SW. of Seend: O.S.
Thence by the water (Semington and Summerham
4. Byde Mill (Andrews and Dury, pl. 11. Bydemill
Lane still runs NW. towards the site: O.S. 6"
XXXIX, NE.) . . . and . . .
5. Summerham (? near Summerham Bridge: O.S.
6. Rodewik (Rowdewick. Rowde Mill and Wick Fm.
lie W of Rowde: ibid.)
7. Dorlegate (Durlett Fm.).
8. The abbot of Battle's wood. (The forest boundary
here ran along S. edge of wood. 'Abbott's
Wood' still remains S. of Bromham: O.S. 6"
Down the water (Clackers Brook) to
9. Coleford (? where a road from SSE. meets the
brook SW. of Stroud Fm.: O.S. 31/96).
Up the 'White Ditch' (A track up Sandridge Hill
shown on Melksham Tithe map of 1840:
W.A.M. 1. 51) to
10. the Maple (Maples Fm.).
11. Prevetmore (Prickmoor).
Down the brook between the king's wood and the
abbot of Battle's wood (the rivulet flowing N.
into Chittoe Brook) and along unto
12. the water which cometh from Semaneswell (Chittoe
Brook). Thence . . . unto
13. Wogheborn (the stream rising in Foxbury Wood
in Spye Park and flowing down to Clink Lane
and thence to the Avon: W.A.M. i. 52).
14. Wodenesditch (Wansdyke).
15. R. Avon
16. Melksham bridge.
Chippenham and Melksham forests
Selwood forest in Wiltshire
Places underlined once were within the forest in
1330 (E 32/225/9). Places underlined twice said to
be within the forest before 1322 (W.A.M. xlviii.
591–4). For bounds of 1228 see Close R. 1227–31,
103–4. The 13th- and early 14th-century bounds
shown are only approximate, see above, pp. 414–16.
Savernake Forest. Key to bounds
BOUNDS OF 1228 (Close R. 1227–31, 103–4)
A. The lepers' house of Hungerford (near junction
of rivers Dun and Kennet at Hungerford:
W.A.M. xlix. 398).
B. The king's highway . . . from . . . Hungerford
C. Wm. of Puthall's well . . . on that highway, and
so across to gate of said Wm. (near Puthall Fm.).
. . . and so across the hill to
D. the water of Kennet at Stitchcombe.
BOUNDS OF 1244 (E 146/2/22; W.A.M. xlix.
a. The Whiteway ('the by-road which leaves the
Wexcombe—Collingbourne Ducis road S. of
Fairmile Down and makes for Collingbourne
Kingston'. The boundary seems to have left
modern road E. of Brunton, passed through
Aughton to Marlborough-Andover road SW.
of Aughton Fm., and then NW. to cross-roads
and along a drove to Falstone Pond: W.A.M.
b. Falstone. (Falstone Pond is situated at the crossing
of roadways N. of Aughton Down: ibid. 399,
c. The road to Easton. (footpath and roadway skirting
Easton Hill to S. and W.).
d. . . . through the middle of the vill of Easton so that
the east part of that vill remains within the
Forest and the west part of the vill without.
e. The king's highway. (the Pewsey 'herapath':
W.A.M. xlix. 399).
f. The 'Tunmill' in the vill of Pewsey ('lies on the island
in the stream . . . in middle of the village': ibid.).
g. The gallows of the Prior of Bradenstoke at 'Wypeshull' (at cross-roads E. of Wilcot Green: ibid.).
h. Thence by the road.
i. to Workway. ('Workway Drove . . . leaves Alton
road ½ m. E. of Tawsmead Fm. to climb the
escarpment between Walker's Hill and Knap
Hill Camp': ibid.; O.S. 41/16.)
j. The Ridgeway. (supplied from perambulation of
West Baily: W.A.M. xlix. 394).
k. The water of Kennet.
l. Elcot Bridge. (Andrews and Dury, pl. 12, shows
'Hillcott Mill' on Kennet W. of Mildenhall).
m. Evesbury. (or Isbury, probably near the Roman
site at Folly Fm.: see p. 419, n. 7 W.A.M.
xlix. 400; O.S. 41/26).
n. and so (by) the king's highway from Evesbury to
o. as far as the house of the lepers outside Hungerford.
(above Bounds 1228, A).
p. Hungerford water (R. Kennet E. of Hungerford).
q. Cherleford Mill (probably stood 500 yds. NNW.
of Home Fm.: W.A.M. xlix. 402; O.S. 41/36).
r. The green way between 'Foxle' (Foxley Covert) and
'Baltele' (Hungerford Pk., including Slings Firs
on its E. border: ibid.).
s. Chaldefelde. (? Templeton: W.A.M. xlix. 403).
t. the great dyke (Wansdyke) west of Inkpen. (O.S.
u. up . . . to the vill of (Lower) Spray.
v. up . . . to the how where three counties run together,
viz.—Hants, Wilts, and Berks. (This 'how' or
barrow was at Buttermere Corner, Hants, then
in parish of Combe: W.A.M. xlix. 403.)
w. The green way passing between the Prior of
Ogbourne's wood. (in Combe Wood) and wood
of Wm. Buggy (Buttermere Wd.), so that Wm's.
wood remains within forest and wood of said prior
x. From aforesaid wood . . . by a certain path
y. to the head of Henley. (The 'path' seems to turn
NW. along county boundary and then by
Upper Horns Fm. to Henley: W.A.M. xlix.
403; O.S. 41/35.)
z. down by valley of Henley
aa. to croft of Wm. de Botes. (The perambulation
follows county bdy. down Henley Bottom to
Oxenwood—Vernham Dean road, then along
road to SE. corner of Oakhill Wood. 'Wm. de
Botes's croft' was situated near that corner;
Boats Copse to SE. preserves his name: ibid.)
bb. up by the bottom of the valley of Hippenscombe
cc. to Stretegate. (the gap in the earthwork, sometimes called Grimsditch, at Scot's Poor:
W.A.M. xlix. 402; O.S. 41/25).
dd. and so by the green way to Whiteway. (The green
way runs due W. from 'Stretegate' to ridgeway
over Fairmile Down: ibid.)
BOUNDS OF 1300 (C 67/6A/5, 6; W.A.M. iv.
West and Farm Bailiwicks
1. Beginning at the W. corner of 'Boveclyve' (Bovcliff, or Clench Common, on escarpment nr.
East Wick Fm.: W.A.M. xlix. 413, and above,
p. 421, n. 71.
2. . . . between 'Boveclyve' and wood of Abbot of Hyde
(Withy Copse, N. of Martinsell: ibid.).
unto Drayton (on W. edge of Clench Common:
3. thence unto the Crooked Way (Oare—Marlborough
4. and so unto Scotiesgore (Gore Copse)
5. thence ascending by the way (footpath running
NNW. from road along W. edge of Gore
unto the 'Redechorde' (cutting through Wansdyke
at W. corner of Gore Copse: ibid. 414; O.S.
6. and 'Wodenesdich' (Wansdyke) and so descending
by the same
7. unto the way . . . from Oare towards Marlborough
8. and from thence ascending between the wood of
Hawkridge (on Granham Hill, SW. of Granham
Fm.) and the wood of Nic. de Barbeflet (Manton
9. . . . unto the cross of Manton and from thence
descending unto the water of Kennet.
10. and so along by the same water
11. to . . . Elcot Bridge
12. . . . thence ascending . . . unto Evesbury.
13. . . . thence by the highway (Marlborough—Hungerford road) unto 'Lechenhardescroft'. (The field
between Folly Copse in Mildenhall and the forest
paling is called 'Leonard's Field': W.A.M.
14. and . . . unto the cross of 'Crokeresthorpesend' (presumably stood at junction of Cock-a-troop
Lane with Hungerford road: ibid.: O.S. 41/26).
15. . . . thence descending by the bottom of the valley
. . . unto the croft of the Prior of St. Margaret at
'the Putte'. (? near Puthall Lodge Gate: ibid.).
16. . . . thence ascending . . . unto the croft . . . called
'Hobbesare'. ('Hullesare' in 1330 bounds—i.e.
17. thence . . . unto the wood of Puthall (Puthall Pk.).
18. . . . thence descending . . . unto the house of Richard
de Timrigge. (? Timbridge Fm.).
19. . . . thence beyond the highway between the land of
Jas. of Timbridge and the land of Henry Sturmy
(on Timbridge Down: W.A.M. xlix. 417).
20. . . . unto the 'Holteball'. (The bound ran between
Knowle Cowlease and Belmore Copse to meet
Bedwyn road on 'Holtball': ibid.)
21. . . . unto the corner of the wood of Wm. de Holte
(? Sicily Clump: ibid. 417–8. Holt Pound is
nearby, about 1 m. N. of Tottenham Ho.:
22. . . . thence by 'Mereway' (part of the Bedwyn road)
unto 'Bellingate' (? Bedwyn-gate)
23. . . . thence by the hedge and green way unto the
pasture of Stock. (Brentnall identified 'Stock
pasture' with the clearing of Warren Fm., not
with the more obvious Stock Common to SE.:
W.A.M. xlix. 416, 418, n. 50; O.S. 41/26.)
24. and so along by the great ditch (? on SW. side of
Bedwyn Common: O.S. 41/26) to 'Boutelwell'
25. and thence by the valley (running E. and S. of
Bedwyn Common: O.S. 41/26).
26. unto 'Colrode' (? the Roman road), and so along
the 'Colrode' between the king's wood and the
prior of Easton's wood (the E. side of Braydon
(New Pond) Bottom: W.A.M. xlix. 419).
27. . . . thence between the king's wood and Wm. de
Lilbourne's wood unto 'Wallesmere' (? Thornhill
Pond towards N. of ridge E. of Braydon: ibid.).
28. . . .thence . . . unto 'Braidenshok' (Braydon Oak or
Braydon Hook: O.S. 41/26).
29. and so along by the way of Braydon (footpath
running S. along Braydon Bottom: ibid.).
30. unto the king's wood called Morley (the copses
between road to Brimslade and Leigh Hill
Copses: W.A.M. xlix. 420).
31. . . . by the 'Swinepath' unto the Prior of Mottisfont's
wood (Leigh Hill Copse: ibid. 419).
32. . . . thence descending by the ditch unto the head of
'Iwodesmede West-end' and . . . along the edge
of the wood unto 'Erchbury', and so by the 'Swine
Way' unto the 'White Land' and so unto 'White
Way'. (The perambulation follows Burbage
parish boundary S. from Leigh Hill Copse
through Ram Alley towards Bowden Farm:
W.A.M. xlix. 419–21; O.S. 41/26.)
. . . unto 'Nhoddon' (? the stream running N. along
E. side of Burbage Common) and so by 'Nhoddeneslade' (the valley of that stream) unto the
Pit of 'Nudden' (?).
. . . and from thence across the heath (Burbage
33. unto the way which cometh from Marlborough
towards Salisbury (W.A.M. xlix. 421) and so
by the 'Waterslade' unto
34. 'Sinewynescrofte' (? Bowden Farm).
. . . unto the 'Westhead of the Wodemede' (? covering S. slope of Apshill: W.A.M. xlix. 422).
35. . . . unto the way . . . between Marlborough and
Wootton [Rivers]. (The perambulation follows
the modern parish boundary: ibid.)
36. . . . by 'Apsehullemede' (N. and NW. of Apshill
Copse) and so along near the covert of 'Iwode'
('Iwood' or 'Ifwood' occupied the ridge between Apshill and Leigh Hill Copses: W.A.M.
xlix. 420, n. 56.)
37. unto Morley (see above, no. 30).
38. and so along by the 'Wode-ditch' (following N.
boundary of Wootton Rivers parish along crest
of escarpment and continuing to E. corner of
Clench Common: W.A.M. xlix. 422).
39. unto the E. corner of the croft . . . called 'Boveclyve'
(Eastwick Fm.) and so . . . unto the aforesaid
west corner of 'Boveclyve'.
Bedwyn Brails Bailiwick
40.beginning at the west corner of 'Westridge' (i.e. of
Wilton Brail, opposite Crofton: W.A.M. xlix.
426; O.S. 41/26).
. . . thence descending along the edge of the wood unto
41. the North head (where 3 footpaths meet on W.
edge of wood: ibid.).
. . . and so between the aforesaid covert and . . .
42.Foxleycroft (Brail Fm.).
. . . thence along the edge of the wood unto
43.'Costoweshurne'. (? E. corner of field called 'the
Costar', N. of Bedwyn Brail: ibid.).
44. . . . thence between the king's wood and the wood
of William de Harden unto 'Harding's trench'.
(Harding Fm. and Harding Copse to E. of
Bedwyn Brail indicate approximate position
of these landmarks: W.A.M. xlix. 427; O.S.
45.and from thence along the edge of the wood unto
'Hulde-northend'. (i.e. cross-roads named 'Piccadilly', representing N. end of wood of
Wexcombe called 'the Hulde': ibid.).
46. and from thence ascending between the king's wood
and the wood of Wootton [Rivers] unto the E.
corner of 'Lyllegh'. (? at the Nag's Head.
Lynley was also a wood of Wexcombe lying N.
of road to Marten and abutting on Wilton
47.the Millway (road running from direction of
Wilton between the two Brails N. to Mill Fm.).
and so along the edge of the wood unto the S. corner
of Westridge (Wilton Brail), and so unto the
aforesaid W. corner of Westridge.
King's Demesne Wood of Southgrove
(W.A.M. xlix. 427–8. No bounds for Southgrove
48. beginning at the east corner of said wood . . . and
so between the Thorny Down and the demesne
covert to the corner of the King's Down
49. and so by the road running above the covert between
the land of the lord of Burbage Savage and the
king's demesne as far as Longmead. (The road is
the Andover road; the Southgrove boundary
perhaps followed the Burbage parish boundary
along it for a short distance near New Barn:
W.A.M. xlix. 427–8; O.S. 41/25.)
and so between Longmead and the king's covert
50. to the highway above the same covert, and so by the
same road along the edge of the wood to a place
called 'Foxacres' (?) (bounds skirt Longmead
on SW. of wood, and then return to Marlborough-Andover road for short distance S. of
51. . . . and from thence to the corner called 'Cockroad'
(the ride through wood which meets the drove
at this corner: W.A.M. xlix. 428; O.S. 41/25).
Chute Forest in Wiltshire. Key to bounds
BOUNDS TEMP. HEN. III (E 32/225/3;
W.A.M. xlviii. 557–61).
1. 'Lovesgate' now called 'Coudenegate' (near SE.
corner of Oakhill Wood: O.S. 41/35, where it
appears as 'Goudyses Gate').
2. . . . along the boundary between Wilts and Hants to
Cathanger (Cathangers Wood: ibid.).
3. and . . . to 'Capiedene' (Tangley Bottom: ibid.).
5. . . . westwards to Biddesden (Biddesden Ho., Pk., and
Fm. are about 1½m. E. of Ludgershall: ibid.).
6. Ludgershall Park. (South Pk., on the county
boundary SE. of Ludgershall: O.S. 41/24.)
7. . . . thence along the county boundary to 'Tidworth
Husee' (N. Tidworth), viz.,—in the S. part of
8. 'le Schirmel'. (? where the Roman road between
Old Sarum and Winchester crosses the county
9. thence as the (Roman) road goes from Winchester
10. to the gate of the castle of Old Salisbury
11. . . . along the E. side of the river [Avon]
12. as far as Amesbury
13. and . . . Upavon.
14. Falstone (see above, p. 448, Savernake Bounds
15. . . . the house of Peter of the Whiteway (ibid. a).
16. . . . along the Green Way (ibid. dd) across 'Athelyngedene' (the valley which the Green Way
crosses about ¾ m. W. of the Streetgate: O.S.
17. . . . as the highway goes to the 'Streetgate' (see
above, p. 448, Savernake Bounds 1244, cc).
18. . . . and along the bottom of Hippenscombe valley
(ibid. bb) and . . . thence (back) to 'Lovesgate'
BOUNDS OF 1300 (W.A.M. iv. 205) and 1330
(E 32/225/3, 4).
a. (1300) Beginning at the west end of 'Couelee' (at
some point in the valley running N. from
Biddesden Pk.: O.S. 41/25).
b. (1330) by 'Croc's Path' (probably the road which
is now the NW. boundary of parish of Chute
c. (1300) to the Hatchgate
(1330) in 'Greenstandenend' (? at some point on
road S. of Standen).
d. (1300) by the Old Church Way (? the road from
Cadley to Tangley Bottom, the next bound.
The road leads in a general WNW. direction to
e. (1300) along 'Capydene' (Tangley Bottom) to its
f. (1330) to 'Bruteshurne' in Clanville (Britt's
Corner, at the angle in the county boundary
close to Flinty: W.A.M. xlviii. 562).
g. (1330) by the road along Ramridge down to Standen and . . . Gordene (i.e. along county boundary).
(1300) to Biddesden Cross (? at cross-roads on the
SE. side of Biddesden Pk.).
h. (1300) thence on the right (E.) side through the
middle of the town of Biddesden. (The bounds
here turn N. to run along E. side of Biddesden
i. (1300) thence by the bottom of the valley unto the
aforesaid W. end of Couelee'.
Hippenscombe Bailiwick (1330)
j. The 'Streetgate' (see above, no. 17).
k. by the bottom of 'Grim's Ditch' (Chute Causeway).
to 'Happedenesende' (? the E. end of Hippenscombe, i.e. Conholt Bottom).
and thence as the road leads to Hermit's Stone (?)
and . . . along the valley
l. to Oakhill Ditch (the S. rampart of Fosbury
Camp, SW. of Oakhill Wood).
m. and . . . as the road leads
n. to the dyke of 'Undergesemeresdonne' (running NE.
from the Streetgate across Silver Down: O.S.
and so as the dyke leads to the Streetgate.
Clarendon and Melchet forests. Key to bounds
BOUNDS OF 1327 (E 32/225/6).
1. Beginning at Milford Bridge (over R. Bourne E. of
Salisbury: O.S. 41/12).
and so by the river [Bourne] to
2. Ford Mill. (O.S. 41/13).
3. Along Winchester Way (the Roman road from Old
Sarum to Winchester: ibid.).
to 'Moldecrouche' (? the 'Broken Cross' about
¼ m. E. of Ford along Roman road: ibid.).
4. . . . and 'Shirmel' (where Roman road crosses
county boundary on W. edge of Noad's Copse:
5. and so always between the counties of Wilts and
6. . . . to 'Boddewode' (clearly on county boundary,
E. of Mean Wood).
7. from 'la Wyax', always between Clarendon and
Melchet Forests (The boundary between the two
forests may here have been the footpath running W. along Dean Hill and then SW. to
Witherington Down: O.S. 41/22. Dean Hill
was said in 1619 to be one of the N. bounds of
Melchet Forest: V.C.H. Hants, iv. 541.)
8. to Whaddon turbary (on Whaddon Common:
O.S. 41/12. This bound has been supplied
from E 32/225/10, a 14th-century restatement
of the 1219 perambulation.)
9. . . . to Bodenham bridge (over the Avon SW. of
Alderbury: O.S. 41/12).
and so along the River [Avon]
10. to 'Mommeworth' bridge (where the Bourne flows
into the Avon: E 32/225/10).
and hence up the other river [Bourne] to Milford
Clarendon and Melchet forests
11. beginning at 'la Wyax' (see above).
12. and so to Mean Wood (S. of West Dean).
and . . . 'Boddewode' (see above).
. . .to . . . the 'Cowled Cross' (? The perambulation
probably followed the ancient county boundary.)
13. and . . . to Wellow Wood. (Then in Wilts: Andrews
and Dury, pl. 3. The bounds which follow are
obscure until Langley Wood is reached; an
attempt has therefore been made to interpolate
bounds declared in 1619: V.C.H. Hants, iv.
541. It seems likely that the county boundary
was followed as far as Bramshaw.)
(14. Dunwood. (Hants 1619.))
15. Swaleford (? near Swallow Fields S. of West
Wellow: O.S. 41/21).
(16. Duxmore. (1619. ? on the county boundary W. of
Duck Hill, Hants: ibid.))
(17. Burchwood. (1619. 'Burchnwood Fm.' is shown
on Andrews and Dury, pl. 3, at the S. extremity of
18. from Burnford (Burnford Bridge is S. of Bramshaw: O.S. 41/21) along the water. (? Shepherds
(19. Deadmansford (1619. ? on the county boundary
near Deadman Hill and Deadman Bottom: O.S.
20. the Bishop of Salisbury's wood called Langley,
which is without the regard (but within the
Forest. Tymbrel Lane was given in 1619 as one
of the bounds of the Forest. This is most probably the Timbury Lane shown on Andrews'
and Dury's map of 1773 (pl. 3) as running along
the SW. edge of Langley Wood, and forming
part of the high road between Redlynch and
21. Privet (Privett Fm., S. of West Grimstead: O.S.
22. Axedonnescrouche ('Austin's Cross', at the crossroads E. of Witherington Down: Andrews and
Dury, pl. 3).
and so back to 'la Wyax'.
CLARENDON PARK 1650 (Hoare, Mod.
Wilts. Alderbury Hundred, 132–141).
Key to Divisions:
I. Rangers' Div.
II. Theobald's Div.
III. Fussell's Div.
IV. Palmer's Div.
V. Hunt's Div.
Grovely Forest. Key to bounds
BOUNDS OF 1219 (E 32/225/10, a 14th-century
restatement) generally confirmed by those of 1279
(C 47/12/2/4) and 1327 (E 32/225/6)
1. From Wilton (at 'the Steps' (1279) or 'the Staples'
(1327) next the house of St. John of Wilton (i.e.
at W. end of town, near junction of the Wylye
2. up the R. Nadder (1279 . . . to Ugford . . . Burcombe
. . . Barford St. Martin . . . and Dalwood Mill
(S. of Dalwood Farm: O.S. 41/03)).
3. . . . northwards up the stream which runs through
Teffont into the Nadder . . . to the head of
Teffont of the Abbess of St. Edward. (? Teffont
Magna) (1279—so that the E. half of Teffont
Evias remains in the forest).
4. so along the middle of the plain to 'Hellestoubbe' (?)
which is on the great road from Wilton to Mere
(here represented by the 'Ox Drove' running
in a general easterly direction from a point S. of
Woodbine Buildings to Dinton Beeches: O.S.
31/93; 41/03; 6", LIX, SW.).
5. down the road . . . which comes from Wylye to the hills.
6. to the Abbess's Cross in the vill of Wylye and down
to the R. Wylye.
7. down the R. Wylye (1279—from E. end of Wylye
vill . . . down the river . . . to Hanging Langford
. . . Little Langford . . . Great Wishford . . . and
. . . Ditchampton)
BOUNDS OF 1300 (W.A.M. iv. 200).
a. Beginning on the R. Nadder at Barford St. Martin
along the Nadder
b. to 'Ashwell Lake' (the stream running S. through
Baverstock to join the Nadder near the 'Penruddocke Arms': W.A.M. xlviii. 575; O.S. 41/03).
Up 'Ashwell Lake'
c. to 'Pultingston' (Powten Stone. There is a copse
of that name NW. of Grovely Lodge: O.S. 6",
d. and so towards the W. unto the 'Meneway' (? 'ran
down the SW. boundary of Great Wishford':
W.A.M. xlviii. 575; O.S. 41/03).
and so by the 'Meneway'
e. to the 'Red Way', and so by the 'Red Way Valley'
unto the mere between the land of Adam de la
Ford and the land of Alan de Langford. (The
bounds followed the W. boundary of Great
Wishford down the valley: ibid.)
f. to 'Wylyesford' (a ford over the R. Wylye near
point at which parish boundary meets the
The 1300 perambulation thenceforward follows
the earlier ones—i.e. down the R. Wylye to Wilton
('to the stone before the gate of the house of St. John
of Wilton') and thence up the R. Nadder to Barford