Henry VIII
January 1537, 6-10

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner (editor)

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1890

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16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30

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'Henry VIII: January 1537, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1: January-May 1537 (1890), pp. 16-30. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=103351 Date accessed: 02 August 2014.


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January 1537, 6–10

6 Jan.
R. O.
26. HENRY VIII. to DARCY.
The duke of Norfolk and lord Admiral have reported Darcy's endeavours to appease the commons in their late commotion. Intends to send Norfolk to reside there as his lieutenant. Summons Darcy to his presence to give advice on this, and in order that he (the King) may show that he retains no displeasure against Darcy. Greenwich, 6 Jan. Signed at the head and sealed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Darcy: "I received this letter of my fellow John Appilbe, the King's messenger, at Tempilhirst, the 10th day of January at 10 of the clock forenoon."
R. O.2. Copy of the preceding in the hand of Darcy's clerk.
P. 1. Endd. by lord Darcy.
R. O.3. Another copy.
P. 1. With the address copied in Darcy's hand below.
6 Jan.
R. O.
27. JOHN EARL OF OXFORD to CROMWELL.
This Twelfth day, at night, received his letter desiring him to send up Marmaduke Nevell. (fn. 1) Sends him accordingly by three or four of his household servants. Colne, 6 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Received 8 Jan.
[Jan ?]
R. O.
28. MARMADUKE NEVILE to [CROMWELL].
Asks Cromwell to move the King to release him out of prison. "Alas, good my Lord, consider that my being here doth but with thought weaken the body and suppress the heart, which is and always hath been willing to serve his Highness." It is great loss to him, considering his poor wife and household.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O.29. [MARMADUKE NEVILL.]
First, after the commons came to Spenymore, two miles from Branspathe, Robt. Bowes, William Conyers, of Maske, and Roland Place came and moved my lord of Westmoreland to come to them, but he refused. They also said to me I should lose my goods unless I came. The night before Robt. Bowes' coming, or after, I forget which, my brother Danby came to move my said lord to come forth, and advised me to come, as neither "my lord my brother" nor any other could help me. Then, through Sir William Evre, I got my lord of Westmoreland's licence to depart to save my goods and wife, and came to the commons about 10 o'clock. Upon further motions, my lord came forth the same night and met the commons at Spenymore next morning. Then all the townships were summoned, and, by my lord and the commons, I was appointed to guide certain townships of Richmondshire. Then the lord Nevill, my lord my brother, and others had word from Lord Darcy and Aske to hasten to Pontfrete. On their arrival there Darcy and Aske would have had them go forward to Dankaster, but they, considering their horses were weary, said it was most meet for Darcy to set forward first, which he would not. Sir Thos. Percye and Sir Ralph Ellerkar lodged at Wentbryke, and on the morrow Lord Nevile with the company of Richmondshire went forward and encamped nigh Hampoll nunnery. Next day came Darcy and Aske and lodged at Ampoll, "the whole army on the day lying afore Dankaster," until it was agreed that Sir Ralph Ellerkar and Robt. Bowes should go to the King with their demands; when all dispersed, save that Darcy kept Pontfrete, Aske Wressell, and Sir Robt. Constable Hull. On the return of Bowes and Ellerkar, Aske wrote to all lords and gentlemen and certain commons of every township to be at York to hear the answer they brought. Came thither in the afternoon of the day appointed, and found they had been in council all the morning. Returned home next day before 11 a.m. They seemed to appoint that the commons should choose men of every shire and wapentake, and the archbishop of York take certain clerks with him, and all to be at Pomfret two or three days before the meeting with the duke of Norfolk and the King's Council. At the meeting everything was penned by Aske and others of Lord Darcy's company, and on the articles agreed to was written "fiat." I was one of the 300 at Doncaster. Evil disposed persons bare such word to the commons in Pomfret that it was all the gentlemen could do to stay them, and "we thought we should be fain to divide, calling all them that were disposed to take the King's most gracious pardon to come to a side." Then I resorted to my lord of Norfolk to know whether I might ride southward, and he said no such question was needed. That night I rode to Bawtre, and next morning my lord of Norfolk came thither by torchlight, and I mounted and accompanied him in post on my way to my brother's as far as Kennynghale. At Lynne I reported all was well, and that the King had granted us general pardon, which we should have by Act of Parliament about Michaelmas next. The greatest number of us at Dankaster was about 28,000, and 12,000 in the rearward. It was openly bruited that a pardon was in print wherein certain were excepted, but they "would all die on a day rather than to lose the worst upon the field." A saying was that "if they called us traitors we would call them heretics." Humbly begging you to be a mean to the King, to be good to me, although for lack of wit I have offended.
Pp. 5.
R. O.2. Answers to Interrogatories.
First, I first heard of the rising in Yorkshire by Robert Hothom's servant, who came to show my lord of Westmdoreland how his auditor and receiver, if they had tarried one day, would have been taken by commons of Beverley and Howdanshire, where Hothom dwells. The said servant brought the oath they were sworn to, and reported that they would restore religious persons to their houses and die for the Faith and Church, and "that Aske was the raiser of them by his letters." (2.) In Howdanshire and the whole shire Aske had most rule. Aske and Darcy once or twice answered the herald without consulting the other gentlemen of Richmondshire and the Bpric. The "guiders of the people" were Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Ralph Ellerkar, Sir Oswald Wyllestrope, Sir John Bulmer, Sir Richard Tempest, and others, and for Aldertonshire Sir James Strangways. In Richmondshire were my lord my brother, having four or five townships which were at my guiding, Robt. Bowes, Rowland Place, Roger Lassells, &c., who were all with the host before Doncaster. "Then lay at my lord of Cumberland" Sir Chr. Danby, Sir Wm. Malory, Sir Ralph Bulmer, Ric. Norton, Ric. Bowes, Chr. Mettcalfe, Ralph Gower, and Chas. Johnson. Massamshire, Coverdale, and other dales were first to move in Richmondshire, their captains being Ninian Staveley and one Loblay. Ralph Gower and Charles Johnson were captains of Richmond, and put in the canons of Coram and St. Agatha's beside Richmond, and took my lord my brother and Sir Chr. Danby with them into the Bpric. There was for "byshope" (the Bpric.) Lords Nevile and Lumlay, Sir Thos. Hylton, George Bowes, &c. My lord my brother and Robert Bowes gave the oath. (3.) Every man did his best to put his company in array; the most expert were Lord Darcy, Sir Robt. Constable, Sir Ralph Ellerkar, Robt. Bowes, and Roger Lassells. The priests and religious men praised their conduct, "and as it was amongst them that were in his company the archbishop of York held the same opinion at the beginning, but now at the last meeting he preached to the contrary." (4.) Never heard any grudges, as contained in the articles, before the insurrection. (5.) "I think it was one Hunter which continued as a post, which came to the Lord Nevile and my lord my brother, and they were sent for by letters." (6.) All councils were open. Much was penned by Aske before I knew of it. The priests were with the Archbishop. (7.) Thinks the mean gentlemen might have escaped, but the commons suspected the nobles and gentlemen would deceive them. What might have been done I know not, for no man dared to try.
Pp. 3, numbers not in original. In the same hand as § 1.
6 Jan.
R. O.
30. JOHN SCUDAMORE to CROMWELL.
I learnt, the week before the holydays, that there were come to Rosse two young lads singularly well learned. I sent for one of them, who said his name was William, a Yorkshireman born, and son to Sir Robert Constable, that he was set to school in Oxford, in Brasynnose, and went thence to Exeter to school. He and the other young fellow, usher of the school there, departed to Cardiff to learn Welsh, and they had been through Newport, Uske, Carleon, Burgeyney, and Monmouth to Rosse, where his fellow intended to keep school. As I know not whether the said Sir Robert Constable were one of the rebels in York I have kept the said William with me, as the bearer, Mr. Burgoyne, can show; his fellow is a Devonshire man. 6 January. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Jan.
R. O.
31. SIR HUMFREY WYNGFELD to CROMWELL.
Has received a privy seal from Master Gostwike's office, commanding him to pay 133l. 6s. 8d. due to the late bp. of Norwich on certain obligations. Told Cromwell lately that by order of the late bp. the said obligations should have been delivered to him. They were made for the marriage money of his daughter who was married to the bishop's nephew. On the delivery of the obligations the bishop promised to leave his nephew 1,000l. worth of money and plate, which he has not done, and therefore Cromwell promised that the obligations should be returned.
Asks that he may have them out of Gostwike's hands. 6 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Jan.
Cleopatra. F. VI. 322. B. M.
32. DUKE OF NORFOLK to [CROMWELL].
"My lord," the quarter sessions will be held at Norwich on Tuesday next, at which most part of the shire are accustomed to meet. Understands that no order is taken about levying the Subsidy, and that the religious persons remain in many houses that should have been suppressed, not a little to the King's cost, and that the King's commissioners do not intend to execute their commission without further orders; he therefore advises that the King's pleasure should be divulged at this meeting at Norwich, and at others at Ipswich, Bury, and other places where sessions shall be held; and that the King's grants by Parliament should be levied in these peaceable countries, beginning with the places whither he is going, where rebellion has been of late. This shire joins Lincolnshire, and Lincolnshire Yorkshire, and the knowledge that there has been forbearance here might put folly into the light Northern heads. Asks him to inform him of the King's pleasure and to send his orders to the commissioner, The assembly will be at Norwich on Tuesday and Wednesday for Norfolk, and for Suffolk on the Monday after St. Hilary at Blyborogh, and thence to Woodbridge, Ipswich, and Bury. Will go towards him on Tuesday next, lying that night at Sudbury, the next at Brandewode, and dining at Greenwich on Thursday. Has not spoken with Mr. Townesend, Sir Wm. Paston, nor Mr. Southwell, but thinks that, knowing of his coming home, they will be with him to-morrow. My lodge at Kenninghall, 6 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2.
6 Jan.
R. O.
33. ARCHBISHOP OF YORK to SIR ROBERT CONSTABLE.
Hears from one of his servants that Constable is not content with certain words that he wrote to Darcy and spoke to a servant of Darcy's, and that he denies having ever spoken such words in blame of Markham. The said words were reported to the archbp. by credible men, with more. Never heard anything of Markham, except that Constable, to content certain of the commons, said in the Abbey church at Pounfrecte, that the archbp. would make amends. Supposes Constable said this of good mind to appease them, but he has no need to make amends. Would be loath to speak in the pulpit anything for which he had afterwards to make amends. It were great folly to speak there what he could not avow, and in such case to likely danger of the body and undoubted danger of the soul. Has said nothing but what he will say again. As to Constable's saying that he can be content with the archbp's. good will and favour, but will not sue therefore, there is no need for him to sue, for the archbp. owes him nothing else, as his old acquaintance and friend. Prays him to let these words pass. Cawood, 6 Jan. 1536. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
6 Jan.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 320. B. M.
34. BISHOP OF FAENZA to MONS. AMBROGIO.
Cardinal Pole's man (l'huomo del Rmo. Inglese) was not taken by the Imperialists but by the French, at Montelerve in Picardy. The English ambassadors, as Wallop tells me, have procured his liberation, and it is believed he has arrived in England. The French say in excuse that he always spoke Italian, and had no credence or letters from the ambassadors here. I am anxiously expecting to hear from him. The last news is that the disturbances are quieted, and the King had gone through London with the Queen and his daughter, as if in triumph, having ordered the streets to be decorated. I hear that he has granted the people a Parliament, a sign that he means to judge their complaints by law. He was obliged to do something as the people would easily have changed again, and he has no means of forcing them. Fear, and the inspiration of God by Pole's persuasion, may bring him back to the right path. I know this will please the Pope better than force. Thinking that the censures may produce a great effect, I intend to postpone their publication till a better opportunity, so that if they have to be used against the King, it may be at a time when the Pope's desires may be honourably accomplished. This has also induced me to detain here the Nuncio to the king of Scotland until I hear otherwise, because if England does not listen it will be a manifest sign that his heart is hardened, and that fire is necessary for such a wound. The Nuncio having gained much favour in Scotland, I think it much to the purpose that he should go to the Island by sea in what way he can, and being a man of talent and courage he will be able, with the King's favour, more easily to carry on practises in England and encourage those good people.
Wallop, when we met at the espousals and the marriage, showed me that he thought the Nuncio's object was more to act against England than anything else, and I judge from his words that they consider the king of Scotland very hostile, and that they are opposed by means of him and of France. It is clear, from many signs, that they recognise that their friendship with France is by compulsion, France being allied with their natural enemies the Scotch. I cannot find out that there is any practise here, but I conjecture that they purpose to help the Scotch against England, whom they show little fear of, as they could set a great number of Scots at little expense on his flank.
Ital., modern copy, pp. 8. Headed: Al M. Ambo Da Parigi, li 6 Gennaro 1537.
6 Jan.
R. O.
35. MURDER of the DUKE OF FLORENCE.
Apology of Lorenzo di Pier Francesco de Medici for his murder of Alexander de Medici first duke of Florence, 6 Jan. 1536. [Printed in the Appendix to Roscoe's Life of Lorenzo di Medici, No. 84].
To which is added a memorandum that on the 30 March 1537 Lorenzo di di Pier Francesco di Medici was banned a rebel, his goods confiscated and house burned, with a prohibition to build again on the site which was named "il chiasso del traditore," and an offer of a reward for him dead or alive.
He lived in Venice after that murder 11 years.
Italian, pp. 21.
7 Jan.
R. O. St. P. v. 63.
36. [HENRY VIII. to QUEEN MARGARET OF SCOTLAND.]
We have received your letters credential by Sir John Cambell and your other letters from Edinburgh by our servant Barwick, and heard the credence you referred to the declaration of the duke of Norfolk. We should be sorry if our good brother and nephew your son should use you otherwise than a son should his mother. As it appears by Cambell's credence that you are well handled and grown to much wealth and quiet and Berwick's credence is quite to the contrary we are in doubt which to believe. Also having heard at other times from you of your evil treatment by your son and Lord Muffyn, and as we are sending the bearer into those parts on our business; we desire you to show him the "points wherein you note yourself evil handled," and whether you desire us to treat of them with your son, or only generally to recommend your condition. Credence for bearer.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: Minute to the Queen Dowager of Scotland vijo Januarii."
7 Jan.
R. O.
37. JOHN GOLDE and OTHERS to WHALLEY and TOMPSON.
This day we were of laborers 280 and more, and of tide men 94. Our butchers are ready to give over their shops. Of the brewers we can get no drink. The King must leave off the men for lack of victuals. You must find a remedy before you come down, "for you never see the case that here is." Holland, the carpenter, is come here. Is it your pleasure ? I have inquired at Hyde concerning the butcher's behaviour and this day could not substantially find the fault, where this scarcity was. We have much need for the redress of corn. Dover, 7 Jan. Signed by Golde and by Edw. Maye and Will. Legent, mariners.
P. 1. Add.: To his worshipful masters, John Whalley, the King's paymaster, and Sir John Tompson, surveyor of the King's works, at Dover.
Endd.: A letter from the laborers at Dover.
7 Jan.
R. O.
38. THOMAS BAGARD, Vicar General to the Bishop of Worcester to CROMWELL.
I thank you for your goodness, of which I hear from Mr. Evance, visitor under the King in this diocese, in that you told him, at his late being in London, you were content with the "gifture" of a certain benefice called Riple, Worc. dioc., "which now of late being void by the deprivation of Silvester Darius, my lord bishop of Worcester my master hath given to me." I have never been able to give you anything worthy so noble a man; this is on account of my great poverty. I send you two King's Norton cheeses. Worcester, 7 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Jan.
R. O.
39. DARCY to SHREWSBURY.
The Archbishop of York has written to me that he is commissioned to levy the tenths of the clergy. In consequence of the evil fashions I have heard from Northumberland and the Bishopric, the West Marches, Furness, Kendal, Cumberland, Westmoreland, Dent, Sedber, and part of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and also from Richmondshire, Wensladale, &c, in stopping the King's proper rents, the bishop of Durham's and others, I have advised him to counsel with your Lordship and know the King's pleasure before levying the tenths north of Doncaster. He has sent a servant to your lordship accordingly. It is of great importance that every true man should certify the King how these North parts stand before the coming of Norfolk. The men of honour and worship would be glad to aid. Templehurst, 7 Jan. 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: my lord Steward. Endd.
R. O.2. Copy of the preceding, corrected in Darcy's hand.
P. 1. Slightly mutilated. Endd.
R. O.3. Earlier draft of the same entirely in Darcy's hand.
P. 2. Mutilated.
8 Jan.
R. O.
40. SIR HUMFREY WYNGFELD to the DUKE OF SUFFOLK.
Last night Thos. Bek, the duke's servant, and Kyrke his bailiff, of Thornham, told him of a white friar, late prior of the White Friars in Ipswich, (fn. 2) who preaches erroneous opinions to the people about your manor of Thorndon, who daily resort to hear him. The bearer will show him certain articles which "the said prior" teaches. There are great rumours and quarrels among the people who do not all accept his teaching. Wishes Suffolk would take the opinion of some of the King's Council about it. Ask what shall be done to suppress it. 8 Jan.
Hol, pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
8 Jan.
Cleop. E. IV., 255*. B. M. Strype's Eccl. Mem. I, i. 395.
41. CONVENT of STYXWOLD to MR. HENNAGE.
By the goodnes of the lord Privy Seal their house stands, they paying the King for a fine 900 mks. and their first fruits, 150l., and a pension of 34l. a year. "Good master Hennage," we pray your intercession with my lord Privy Seal to get the King to remit the pension. "We be 18 nuns and a sister" with servants, 50 persons in all, and their "stocke and cattell ben ded (fn. 3) up this yere paste," which was their chief living. If they cannot obtain this remission they must give up the house to the King, which were pity. Styxwollde, 8 Jan.
Hol., p. 1.
8 Jan.
R. O.
42. NORFOLK to CROMWELL.
Coming to Stoke hitherwards, I received a letter from my daughter, (fn. 4) enclosed. I have asked her why she sent you not the letter "as the copy was," and perceive she has been comforted by learned men that her right is good and she has been delayed for lack of good suit by me. She thinks I care little for her cause, and would trust her own suit. Though I never thought it, I find her "but too wise for a woman." Do not let the King think the letter and supplication made by me, which can only be by declaring you received the letter before my return hither. I beg you to write when you have any answer therein; Richard Southewell will see it conveyed. Kenyngale, 8 Jan.
With these ye shall receive the first letter she sent me, which I showed you at Greenwich. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. Sealed.
8 Jan.
R. O.
43. ASKE to DARCY.
The King is gracious sovereign lord to me and has affirmed his liberal pardon to all the North, by mouth. For further news: his grace has despatched the duke of Norfolk northwards and intends to hold Parliament and have the Queen crowned at York; and has "granted free election of knights and burgesses and like liberty to the spiritualty to declare their learning." His Grace in heart tendereth the common wealth of his subjects, and extends his mercy from the heart. I will to-morrow attend your Lordship, trusting you shall perceive I have done my duty as well to the King "under his favour," as to my country. I pray you stay your quarters as I have these.
Copy, p. 1. Headed Vera Copia of Robert Aske's letter to my lord Darcy, 8 Jan. Endd: Roger Alan.
R. O.2. Another copy of the same.
P. 1.
R. O.44. ASKE'S MANIFESTO.
"Loving neighbours," the King by mouth has declared to me that the pardon granted at Doncaster shall extend to all, and that "your reasonable petitions shall be ordered by Parliament." (fn. 5) His Grace, for the love he bears to this country, intends to keep Parliament at York and have the Queen crowned there. His grace esteems the commonwealth of the realm and the love of his subjects more than any other earthly riches and will send down the duke of Norfolk to minister justice till his coming.
P. 1. At the foot in another hand. "This letter was found at Aske's lodging when he was committed to the Tower."
R. O.45. SIR OSWALD WOLSTHROPE'S MESSAGE.
The King has by mouth declared to me Sir Oswald Wylstrop that we shall have our Parliament and Convocation at York frankly and freely, which declaration "shall mooyr apertly and evidently be sent down" under the Great Seal by the duke of Norfolk, who is shortly coming with a mean company and after a quiet manner, to the quietness and comfort of all good men and his loving and faithful true subjects, the commons in the North. "Wherefore, good and loving neighbours, let us stay ourselves, without that that we follow the counsel of any disposed to spoils, and to undo themselves and you both, and so to resist them in all that we may to the best of our power, and so I will do for my part, and so know I well that all good men will do." Parliament and Convocation are appointed to be at York at Whitsuntide and the coronation of the Queen the same time. Signed (?) in the same hand, "Oswald Wylstrop, knight."
P. 1.
[8 Jan.]
R. O.
46. SIR MARMADUKE CONSTABLE to ASKE.
"Cousin Aske ye be welcome home." I was glad to hear from my cousin Babthorp that you have well sped in London. I have word to-night that the men of Beverley are excited by a rumour of the King's ordnance coming to Hull by night, which I suppose is untrue. Mr. Crake has with difficulty stayed them since Saturday, so if Hallome come to them they are like to go to Hull where they expect Holderness to join them. "I have sent to Hallom best I can, which I cannot think will do anything for me." Both Babthorpe and I advise you to try and pacify Beverley and Hallam. You shall be better esteemed for your late coming home. Everyngham, Monday night.
"Sir this matter must be done in haste."
Copy, p. 1. Headed: Copie.
8 Jan.
R. O.
47. INTERCEPTED LETTERS.
1. JEHAN LANGE to his WIFE at Paris.
Messages to her mother and his children, &c. Has sold [something not mentioned] to the King for 5,000 cr., and makes good cheer. Sends a letter of exchange for François Leschacier of 600 cr. Is to bid him give her the paternosters to show to Sire Allart. Sends another letter of exchange for Jain Lorens of 600 livres. Is to get back his apple of sapphires and his St. George; "et pernes (prenez) unne decherge de Nycollas Mabire." Sends another letter of exchange for le Sire Castilion of 100 cr.; another for Pierre de Lescu of 400 cr.; another for Guion de Nesme of 300 cr.
Instructs her about negotiations with Jacques Caillou and Jacques Poullain or Thibault Comtet. Sends her a red girdle. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Postscript by Jean Blanch.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
R. O.2. JEHAN LANGE to JACQUES POULLAIN.
I am at the king of England's Court making good cheer. I have been doing business with the King but have made no profit. I have sold your image, on which I have lost over 200 cr., but I was obliged to do it to pay my debt. Of your embroidery I have only shown the gown and the "housse." The King was very glad to see such riches. I told him they were made for him. He said he was too old to wear such things, but he has offered 4,000 cr. for both. I hope to show him the rest of the wares (bessognes) in three weeks, for I wish to let him rest, and I promise you I will do as if for myself.
I was in great danger of being taken on my way, and at present there is great danger at sea, and I do not know how to return. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol., p. 1. Fr. Add.: A Sire Jacques Poullain, Marchant, demourant sus le pont au Change a Parys.—Paiez pour le port dix soulx tournays. Endd.: A.
R. O.3. JEHAN LANGE to CARDIN DE LA LONDE
Addressing his correspondent as "compere," sends commendations to his wife and children. I have sold your image brought hither by my cousin, and there is wanting 30 cr. The King does not offer me what you expected for your two images. I shall not fail to pay your bill of exchange. Tell me to whom I shall deliver your money for the mirror. I spoke highly of your two images to the King. If they are finished send them to me by Michel.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Syre Cardin de la Londe, Orfesvre, demourant a Parys pres Chatelet, a Parys.—Payez pour le port sinq soulz Tournays. Endd.: B.
R. O.4. JEHAN LANGE to ALLART PLOUMYER.
I am at Greenwich, where the King asked me how you were, as he had heard you had been long ill. I said for the present you were better. I have received your letters by Jehan Randon, stating that you had written to me five or six pairs of letters. I only received two pair and have written to you three pair, but do not know if you have received them. As to Mons. Dudle, we have been with him, Jehan le Gaillay and I several times, and also Jan Pistot, and Master Hompt (?) the draper, but he has always desired us to have patience. Also the Christmas holidays have made delay. I have spoken to him five or six times in presence of Robt. Montault and Petit Jehan, and his fellows, but he excuses himself till Candlemas, saying he has spent everything on the war. I said you had great business, and he would do you a great service, but to no purpose. Le Sieur Esdouart de Boulogne, died five months ago. The King always makes good cheer, but he has grown cold, and we have not quite sold everything; for the gentlemen have spent their money in the war. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., pp. 2. Add.: A Sire Allart Ploumyer, Marchant, demourant sus le pont Nostre Dame a L'ymage Sainct Gorge, a Parys. Endd.: C.
R. O.5. JEHAN LANGE to SIRE PIERRE DE LESCU, Goldsmith at Paris.
Sends a letter of exchange for 400 cr. of the sun addressed to Sire François Dobre. of which there are 300 cr. for you and 100 cr. for the feather dealer. You will deliver the bill of the feather dealer to my wife, and ask her for the letter of exchange. I have good hope of selling your image. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: D.
R. O.6. JEHAN LANGE to JEHAN LORENS.
Please deliver my apple and my St. George to him who shall give you 600 livres, and get me discharged of it du marct d'or. London, 8 Jan.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: A syre Jehan Lorens, Orfefvre, demourant sus le pont au Change, a Parys. Endd.: E.
R. O.7. JEHAN LANGE to THIBAULT COMTET.
I make good cheer. I have done business with the king of England to the extent of 5,000 cr. in which I am no gainer. There is wanting more than 200 cr. of what the merchandise cost, for he has had my image, Jacques Poullain's image, your mirror, a hat of Mons. Caillot, and a collar and vizor (cachenes), and a martin (une martre), and some linen worth 400 cr. which belongs to Jan de Gran. If it had not been to sell your mirror I would not have made such a bargain. De Grinouys (Greenwich), 8 Jan, 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Syre Thibault Comtet sus le pont au Change, a Parys. Endd.: F.
R. O.8. JEHAN LANGE to ROBT. RONNEL.
I received your letters by the bearer, John Randon, desiring me to send you your ring. I would have sent it, but the King wishes to have it, and I hope to sell it. He wants two of your images, but they are too dear. As soon as I have sold any of your wares (bessonnes) I will let you know. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Syre Robert Ronnel demourant sus le pont au Change a Parys.—Paiez pour le port, trays soulx t." Endd.: G.
R. O.9. JEHAN LANGE to FRANCIS LESCHACIEP., Merchant at Paris.
I am at the court of the king of England, where I make great cheer. I am very sorry I cannot keep my promise to you, as I was full three weeks at Dieppe before I could sail for fear of danger; but I hope to pay you. I send a letter of exchange for 600 cr. addressed to François Dobre, as I promised on leaving Paris. Please to ask it of my wife as I have enclosed it in her letters, and give her my paternosters, as she will require to show them to Syre Allart. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add. Under the address in Lange's hand is written: Paiez pour le port sinq soulz Tournays. Endd.: H.
R. O.10. JEHAN LANGE to SIRE NICH. MABIRE, Goldsmith, at Paris.
I send you 600 livres to pay Jehan Lorens. I beg you to give my wife a discharge and to cause a St. George and an apple to be returned to her on paving the money. London, 8 Jan.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1.
R. O.11. JEHAN LANGE to JACQUES CAILLOU.
"Monsieur mon compere," I am at the King's court. I find the King much disinclined to buy, for he has told me he has no more money, and that it has cost him a great deal to make war. Nevertheless I have sold to him for 5,000 cr. the image of Sire Jacques Poulain and other articles. Has not yet shown certain others which are specified at length. The bearer, Jehan Randon, will give you news; for he came to me at the King's wardrobe. Commendations to Sire Jacques Poullain and his wife, and others. I beg you to deliver my goods to my wife to show to Allart. I do not know what to do with your wares (bessoignes) if I do not sell, for at present there is great danger on the sea London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., pp. 2. Add.: A. Mons. Jacques Caillou, Marchant, demourant a la Rue de la Savonnerie a Parys.—Paiez pour le port dix soulx Tournays. Endd.: K. Nota.
R. O.12. JEHAN LANGE to JEHAN LENFANT.
There is a gentleman who will purchase your St. John for 70 cr. Nevertheless think whether you can deliver it. I wish it had cost me 10 crowns, and that you had your wares (bessonnes), for I am anxious how I may get back. I believe it cost you more. If I get 20 cr. for the image in which is the sapphire (ou est le saffy) I will deliver it. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: Sur le pont Nostre Dame a Paris. Endd.: L.
R. O.13. JEHAN LANGE to GUION DE NESME.
Compliments to Madame and your children. I make good cheer. I send you a letter of exchange of 300 cr. of the sun addressed to Fras. Dobre. Deliver the schedule to my wife and ask her for the letter of exchange. London, 8 Jan.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Syre Guion de Nesme, Marchant, demourant a la Rue St. Denis, pres Saincte Katherine. Endd.: M.
R. O.14. JEHAN LANGE to JEHAN DE GRAM, Merchant of Paris.
I have sold your linen and your mirror. Write to me to whom I shall pay your money. I would have sent it to you but I have not yet received that from the King. The King will give 200 cr. for your diamond. London, 8 Jan. 1536. Signed, vostre compere et amy.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add. Below the address is written: Paiez pour le port dix soulz Tournays.
R. O.15. Letter of exchange from J. Le GALLAIS to FRANÇOIS DAUBRAY, at Paris, for 266¾ cr. at 45 sous Tournoys received from Sire Jehan Lange, in London, to be paid to Sire Jehan Lorens. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.16. The like for 300 c. received of Sire Jehan Lange to be paid to Sire Guyon de Nesme, London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.17. The like for 600 cr. received of Sire Jehan Lange to be paid to Sire François Lechaschies. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.18. The like for 600 cr. received of Sire Jehan Lange to be paid to Sire Castilon or the wife of Lange. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.19. The like for 600 cr. received from Sire Jehan Lange, to be paid to Sire Pierre Lescu. London, 8 Jan. 1536.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
R. O.48. ABSTRACTS OF INTERCEPTED LETTERS. (Nos. 2—13 of the preceding.)
"A. He saith that he hath good cheer in the King's house, and hath made bargain with the King's grace, and hath gotten nothing by it,"—that he has sold his image at a loss of 200 cr., "but force was to him so to do to pay where he was in debt. And of your broderyke I have showed but the gown and the husse; whereof the King was glad to see such riches, but his Grace said he is too old to occupy such apparel, and would not give for both but 4,000 crowns, &c."
"B. He saithes the ij. ymages ar (corrected, 'your image is') sold, whereof it laketh xxx crounes of the price, and of the glasse, &c.
"C. He says he and his fellows have called on Mr. Dudeley for money, who answers that he has spent all in the wars, and that Sir Edward Boullyn is dead more than five months. Also he saithes they have not sold well thaire wares, because the gentilmen have spende all in the warres."
D. "He saithes nothing, but he sendeth a lettre of eschaunge of 400 crounes sonne."
E. "That lettre ys of non effect."
F. "He saithes that he hath made bargeyn with the Kinges Mate for 5,000 crounes sonne for ymages and other thinges."
G. "He saithes the King woll have his bagg and his ij ymages, &c."
H. "The content ys that he sendeth hym a lettre of eschaunge closed in his wyffes lettre of 600 crounes sonne mencyonnyng of a payre of bedes."
I. "He saithes that he sendeth hym 600 livres to paye, and also of a George."
K. "He saithes that he hath fownde the Kinges grace to not well mynded to buye juellys, and that his Mageste sayde to hym that he hadde no more money and how it hath coste hym money in to make warre. (fn. 6) Notwithstanding the Kinges highnes hath bought of the marchaunte certeyn thinges to the somme of 5,000 crounes, &c."
L. "He saithes a gentilman hath offrid hym for an ymage of St. John 70 crounes; the rest is of no effect."
M. "He sendeth a lettre of eschaunge of 300 crounes, &c."
Hol., pp. 2. On the back are these words in the same hand as the text: "My lord, by the alphabetykes lettres upon this articles your lordeship shall perceyve the specyall content of every lettre myssyve. And merke well the lettre with the nota." (No. 11 of the preceding.)
8 Jan.
R. O.
49. ANTOINE BRUSSET to LORD LISLE.
I received your letter of the 27 Dec., stating that you had written again to Du Bye to get back the four compagnons of this town taken prisoners within your pale and brought to Boulogne. I think you ought to demand their return without ransom or other payment. As it is some time since the thing happened, and I have had no news from you about it I send again the bearer to learn what you have done. Gravelinges, 8 Jan. '36.
If Du Bies insists on a ransom, I beg you will give me leave to take revenge, for the four compagnons are very poor, and I know many better ones who haunt your pale. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
9 Jan.
R. O.
50. G. EARL OF SHREWSBURY to HENRY VIII.
This day at 11 in the morning received letters from the abp. of York and Lord Darcy, which he encloses together with his answers. From them the King will see the North parts are not in such good stay as they will be after the duke of Norfolk's coming down. If the levying of the King's money might be foreborne till after the Duke's coming, it should be gathered with less business. The credence of Darcy's servant was only touching the "lightness of them in the country, and especially in the marches there," and that Lancaster herald has of late been "ungoodly handled" at Duresme, and did not escape without danger. Wynfeld, 9 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Jan.
R. O.
51. SHREWSBURY to DARCY.
Is sorry to hear of the lightness of his neighbours northwards, but thanks him for his credence and letter, and is glad the gentlemen are well minded. Has sent the letter to the King. Wynfeld, 9 Jan. Signed: "yours after mine old rude manner."
P. 1. Add.
R. O.2. Copy of the preceding.
P. 1. Endd.
9 Jan.
R. O.
52. SHREWSBURY to the ARCHBISHOP OF YORK.
Has received his letter by the bearer and perceives upon writings that the archbp. sends to the lords Chancellor, Norfolk, and Privy Seal, that he was commanded to gather the Tenth due to the King last Christmas. Neither dare nor will counsel him to stay the gathering contrary to the King's command. Sends his letter on to the King. If his Highness's mind is altered he will shortly have knowledge thereof. Wynfeld, 9 Jan.
Copy. P. 1. Endd.
9 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 668.
53. SIR JOHN WALLOP to LORD LISLE.
Both he and the lord of Winchester thank Lisle for the good news contained in his letters of the 20th. The king of Scots' entry and marriage was very triumphant; the entry on New Year's Eve and the marriage next day. That night there was a banquet at the Palace and the ladies princes of France were never in so rich apparel; cloth of tissues was least set by by reason of brotheries, pearls, and precious stones. Thinks the king of Scots never saw such a sight, who has an honourable company of his countrymen apparelled in the French fashion, "goodly gentlemen and very proper men." Wrote of the king of Scots "using himself with beckes and dewgardes after the Norden fashion." Found him, however, very sober and discreet insomuch that the French King, the Great Master, Winchester, and the writer could not persuade him to some things when he had reasons to the contrary. The honour showed to him here makes him set more by himself. From Rome comes news that the Pope has made nine cardinals, and will make two more, whose names are kept secret, one by himself the other by the Emperor. One of the nine is Mr. Poole, "whereof I am right sorry, for I knowe well the King can not take it well." Reports the death of Mons. Marshall de la Marke, one of the best French captains, who was chief in Piron at Nassau's being there. Paris, 9 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd.
9 Jan.
R. O.
54. THOMAS LEYGH to LADY LISLE.
I received by Bucke, my lord Comptroller's servant, your token, and also a letter from Thos. Fowler, saying that you wish me to buy you a stomacher and 3 oz. of Venice gold. The latter I send but defer the stomacher, as he does not say of what you wish it made. The gold cost 12s. Ever since being at Brussels I have been in the law. If I had any good news, I would have written to Lord Lisle. Antwerp, 9 Jan. 1536.
Hol., p. 1. Add: At Calais.
9 Jan.
Theiner, 607.
55. PAUL III. to RODULPHUS CARD. FAVENTINUS, Legate in France.
Gives him authority to create two or three notaries public with a view to the publication of the papal censures in England and neighbouring countries. Rome, 9 Jan. 1537, pont. 3.
Lat.
[10 Jan.]
R. O.
56. SIR M. CONSTABLE to ASKE.
Understands he has done well in staying Beverley. Wishes him to do the same northward; for a rising is likely nigh Ripon and about Lord Latimer and Lord Conyers. Everyngham "this Wednesday against night."
P.S.—Since writing this bill I hearsay "there is mustering in a moor (mover) beside Fontance, and they said there that ye were headed at London; wherefor I would they saw you the sooner."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Awghton. Endd.: Sir M. Constable, the elder.
10 Jan.
R. O.
57. JOHN WHALLEY to CROMWELL.
Perceived the other day that Cromwell was inflamed against him by the report of one who never was honest and never will be able to prove his words. Asks that his fidelity may be tried. Wants orders about the payment of workmen at Dover. There are about 120 persons besides "curtes," drags, and other provisions. Asks whether he shall go himself or tarry here at the Tower to see the King's business finished, as he has kept a book of many of the same things and Vaughan of the rest. On Saturday payment for a month will be due. Wednesday, 10 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Jan.
R. O.
58. ANTHOINE BRUSSET to LORD LISLE.
I have received your letter, by which I see your good will in the matter of the compagnons of this town, who are prisoners at Boulogne; that you have written again to Du Bies, who refuses to surrender them without a ransom, of which you have informed the king of England to know his pleasure. As I understand you have lost one of your best horses, and wish to procure one in Flanders, if you will send a man for the purpose I will let him pass. Gravelines, 10 Jan. '36. Signed.
I hear from St. Omer that the French are making great musters of men, and that the king of Scots is to be the chief. If you hear anything of this, please let me know.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
10 Jan.
R. O.
59. GARDINER to LORD LISLE.
I thank you for my great cheer at my late being at Calais. I intend to be there again on Monday sevennight, and I beg that I may have ready shipping for myself and my horses. Commend me to my Lady. Paris, 10 Jan.
Master Wallop desires to be commended to your lordship, Mr. Porter, and the Council.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
10 Jan.
R. O.
60. JOHN HUTTON to CROMWELL.
Received to-day Cromwell's letter desiring him to solicit the deliverance of a ship laden with brassell that was taken at Hamptun. Touching the King's letter to my lady Regent concerning the exaction from his subjects of 5 per cent. on French merchandise brought by them contrary to the intercourse between the King and Emperor, the Council will in no wise resolve, but have made a new Act that the English shall send no goods hence to France without paying this sum. They say this is not against the intercourse, but our learned counsel are of a contrary opinion. Hears from the Lord of Barow that the truth about the ordnance and harness which the King heard was conveyed northwards has come to the Queen's knowledge, and he trusts Cromwell will be shortly certified. They have had long councils to get in money, but he cannot hear that there is yet any grant except in Brabant, who have agreed to pay for every chimney a karolus gildyrne equal to 2s. 6d. st. They trust Holand and Seland will follow the same rate. Flanders will give no money, but will rather find men for the wars and pay them monthly. When last in England advised that ships lading goods in England to bring here should be bound to deliver their cockets here to the governor or his deputy, which would save the King 500l. yearly. Andwarpe 10 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Jan.
R. O.
61. JOHN HUTTON to LADY LISLE.
Her servant, Thos. Leighe, committed to Hutton this box, which is the reason of his writing to her. Hopes she will forgive him, and the more readily that she should do so will pray to God to make her a glad mother and send my lord a young son. If she does not answer, will send her letters till she is weary of reading them, and if he come to Calais will keep something to say to her by mouth. She must answer herself, and not by Mr. Surveyor, for he is so full of his building that he forgets himself, "as all we lovers do." Antwerp, 10 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.

Footnotes

1 See Vol. XI., No. 1319.
2 John Bale.
3 Sic. Strype reads "delivered," which probably is what was meant.
4 The Duchess of Richmond.
5 These words appear as a memorandum on the back.
6 Opposite this passage in the margin is the word "Nota."