Vatican Regesta 691
1487-1490

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Institute of Historical Research

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J. A. Twemlow (editor)

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1960

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44-51

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'Vatican Regesta 691: 1487-1490', Calendar of Papal Registers Relating to Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 14: 1484-1492 (1960), pp. 44-51. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=105238 Date accessed: 29 August 2014.


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Vatican Regesta, Vol. DCXCI. (fn. 1)

Secrete [De Curia].

3 Innocent VIII.

1487.
4 Kal. May.
(28 April.)
St. Peter's, Rome.
(f. 20v.)
To the archbishop of St. Andrews and the bishops of Glasgow and Aberdeen. Mandate, as below. Upon its being set forth to pope Sixtus IV on behalf of James, king of Scots, that the fruits, etc., of his chapel royal [of St. Mary, in the diocese of St. Andrews] were insufficient for those who served it, the said pope ordered William, bishop of Ostia, to suppress, after inquiry, the dignity of prior and the Order of St. Benedict in the priory of Coldi[n]gam, in the said diocese, and to unite it in perpetuity to the said chapel [Cal. Papal Lett., XIII, p. 14].
Afterwards, upon the same pope Sixtus learning that the late Patrick Hom, clerk, of the said diocese, a notary of the apostolic see, who alleged that he had obtained from Pius II a grant of the said priory in commendam for life [Cal., XI, p. 425], proposed to cede the said commenda, the said pope Sixtus ordered the same bishop of Ostia to receive and admit such cession, and thereupon, with the consent of Patrick, archbishop of St. Andrews, to proceed to the aforesaid suppression, making due compensation to the archiepiscopal mensa from the goods of the said priory, and in the event of his making such suppression to apply, if it seemed good to him, part of the goods of the said priory to the said chapel for the maintenance of its ministers, and with the other goods of the said monastery to erect it into a collegiate church with a deanery (a principal dignity) and a becoming number of canonries and prebends, make provision of the said deanery to the said Patrick Hom, and reserve the right of patronage and of presenting at future voidances to the said king James and his successors [see Cal., XIII, p. 19].
Subsequently (upon its being set forth to the present pope by John Hom, clerk, of the said diocese, that before the date of the said letters Paul II had ordered him to be received as a monk in the said monastery, the habit to be given to him, and his profession to be received, and provision to be made to him of the said priory, then void and wrongfully detained by the said Patrick Hom, and had dispensed him not to be bound to assume the habit and make his profession until he obtained peaceable possession [Cal., XII, p. 232]; that, after a cause had subsequently arisen between the said John and Patrick Hom about the said priory, and after litigation had taken place before divers judges, Master Peter de Ferrera, a chaplain of the present pope (then of the said pope Sixtus) and a papal auditor, promulgated a definitive sentence [by which] he revoked all that had been done in favour of the said Patrick Hom and against the said John Hom by the late Philip, cardinal priest of SS. Peter and Marcellus's, sometime commissary of the said cause, which sentence became a res judicata, under pretext whereof the said John Hom obtained possession; that, upon the said Patrick Hom setting forth to the said king that the said suppression and erection had been made by the said bishop William in virtue of the said later letters [of pope Sixtus], the said king ordained that a certain amount of the fruits of the said monastery should be given every year to the said Patrick, [and that] the said John should remain in possession, provided that he consented to the said alleged suppression and erection, in which royal ordinance he acquiesced out of fear; and that the division of the fruits, etc., of the said monastery had not been proceeded to in accordance with the will of the said pope Sixtus, even by the executors of the letters which had emanated in the matter from that pope, whereas the monks of the same monastery, about twelve in number, had been removed therefrom, and whereas the parish churches annexed to the same monastery and belonging to the presentation of the prior had been assigned to the chanters (fn. 2) of the said [collegiate] church, and were being wrongfully held by them under pretext of the said letters and of the said suppression, extinction and erection made in virtue thereof), the pope, at the petition of the said John Hom (who alleged that by reason of the foregoing he had been hindered from assuming the said habit and making the said profession; that in respect of a moiety of the fruits, etc., of the said priory, the yearly value of which had been expressed in the letters of the said pope Paul as not exceeding 400l. sterling, he was ready to make due satisfaction to the apostolic Camera; that the said monastery, with only one exception destitute of monks, was going to ruin, with the loss of its fruits, etc., which were abundant enough, unless a remedy were provided for it and for the Order and its prior and the monks who had been expelled from it and were ready to return; that the said suppression, extinction and erection had been made de facto, and had never taken effect; and that the said Patrick Hom, who had procured the doings aforesaid, not from zeal, etc., but from hatred to the said John, with the object of troubling him, to the end that provision might be made to himself of the said deanery to be erected, has died), and of the convent of the said monastery, ordered by other letters the said monastery to be restored to the state in which it was at the date of the said letters of pope Sixtus, its tenants, tithepayers, (fn. 3) subjects and vassals to be answerable to the said John for the fruits, etc., of the said monastery, as was wont to be done to other priors, and the chaplains, chanters, (fn. 4) and all other occupiers, and detainers, etc., of the churches, goods, etc., of the said monastery to give them up, and all other persons to be inhibited from helping the said occupiers to continue such occupation, under pain of excommunication, etc., invoking the aid of the secular arm, etc.; as is contained more fully in each of the foregoing letters.
Seeing however that, as the recent petition of the said king contained, the said pope Sixtus, having been informed of the good right of the said Patrick Hom in the said priory, granted full power to the said bishop William in regard to making the said suppression, extinction and erection, with the consent of the then said archbishop, the ordinary of the place; and that in virtue thereof the said bishop has, with the consent of the said archbishop, proceeded to the aforesaid suppression [and] extinction of the order (?) of the said religion, and erection under the name of the Virgin Mary, except only the division of the fruits, etc., of the said priory into prebends, and that the persons of the said chapel royal have obtained possession, and are at present in possession of the goods of the said monastery, which were applied to the said chapel by papal authority; and that for several years the aforesaid John Hom, to whom provision was made of the said deanery, thus erected, has, as dean of the same chapel royal, been present therein with the prebendaries in choir and chapter and meetings of the chapter, etc., has served it in divine offices, and has received a portion of the fruits, etc., of the same church, thus erected, consenting to the aforesaid suppression, extinction and erection, and alleging that he would go to the Roman court to procure the division of the rest of the aforesaid fruits, etc., into prebends; that he has had the king's letters of recommendation and credence to the pope, and by means thereof extorted from the pope his aforesaid letters revocatory of the suppression and extinction of the said monastery (wherein in times past the prior and two religious were wont to reside), and of its erection into a collegiate church, wherein, in accordance with the erection to be made, about eight persons ought to celebrate divine offices without ceasing, and of the application of the aforesaid goods to the said chapel, wherein eighteen prebendaries and chanters ought similarly to celebrate, (fn. 5) the pope, at the petition of the said king, praying him to confirm the proceedings of the said bishop William in the foregoing, order proceedings to be taken for the further execution of the aforesaid suppression and erection and for the division of prebends in the same church, lest (under pretext of the pope's letters those things (fn. 6) which, in virtue of the faculty granted by the said pope Sixtus after mature deliberation at the said king's petition, were rightly and laudably done by the said bishop of Ostia, with consent of the said archbishop Patrick, and at the prosecution of the said king, took effect), anything be attempted in future to the prejudice of the aforesaid suppression, extinction and erection, and otherwise to provide suitably in regard to the foregoing, hereby orders the above archbishop and bishops, after summoning the said John Hom and others concerned, to approve and confirm by papal authority, if they find them lawful, all the proceedings of the said bishop of Ostia taken in the matter of the said erection and suppression, in virtue of the aforesaid faculty granted to him by the said pope Sixtus, and any consequences thereof, inhibit the executors and subexecutors of the pope's said letters granted to the said John Hom to proceed to any further execution of them, decree null and void whatever has been hitherto or in future may be attempted in this behalf by them and others, especially by the said bishop William, and, moreover, to proceed to the further execution of the erection of the said priory into the collegiate church aforesaid, [and] of the division and distinction [?] of the goods of the same into prebends, and proceed anew, as far as may be necessary, in the matter of the extinction and suppression of the said religion, order, and qualities of all the aforesaid, and execute the same, divide the goods, etc., and churches annexed, etc., to the said priory, and make prebends, and make the appropriate suppressions, etc., in all respects as if the letters aforesaid had been directed to them from the beginning by the said pope Sixtus and during his lifetime, and as if in virtue thereof they had begun to proceed to their execution, and to act in other respects as shall seem expedient to them, for all which the pope grants them faculty anew by these presents; [compelling] contradictors by ecclesiastical censure, etc., notwithstanding the foregoing… The pope's will is that the dean, chapter and persons of the said church and chapel shall be bound to make due payment to the apostolic Camera every fifteen years from the fruits, etc., of the said monastery or priory, and bind themselves forthwith to the said Camera so to do, as the congregations of St. Justina of Padua and of the Orders of the Lateran, St. Benedict [and] St. Augustine bind themselves to pay in the same Camera for the monasteries and priories and other ecclesiastical benefices appropriated to the said congregations. (fn. 7) Romanus pontifex ad ea per que. (At the end: ’Gratis de mandato sanctissimi domini nostri pape.’) [6⅓ pp. The brief ‘rubricella’ at the beginning of the volume is: ‘SanctiAndree. Jacobo regi Scotorum conceditur erectio monasterii in collegiatam ecclesiam.’ See also Cal. Papal Lett., XII, pp. 251 and 267, and XIII, pp. 192 and 447.]

6 Innocent VIII.

1489/90.
Prid. Non.
March.
(6 March.)
St. Peter's, Rome.
(f. 179v.)
To the archbishop of Canterbury. Mandate, as below. The pope has recently learned that for some time past there has been a gradual relaxing of discipline in the monasteries, etc., of his city and diocese and province. He therefore, at the instance also of king Henry, orders the above archbishop to monish and order the superiors of the said monasteries, etc., to visit the same, and reform them in heads and members, and, if they fail to do so, to do so himself in person or by deputy; with the necessary faculties. Quanta in dei ecclesiaincrementa virtutum. (fn. 8) … [3½ pp. Wilkins, Concilia, III, pp. 630–2, from the register of archbishop Morton; cf. ibid., pp. 632–4.]

Footnotes

1 On the back of the volume: ‘Inn. viii. Secre. Lib. i.’ Inside the volume is half the original sheepskin binding, on the back of which is ‘Innoc. 8. P(rimus) Secr.’ and a modern number ‘636.’ There are 326 ff. of text and 3 of ‘rubricelle.’ The latter have no heading.
2 cantoribus.
3 reddituariis decimatoribus.
4 cantoribus.
5 prebendarii et cantores.
6 There appears to be an anacoluthon here. See the Latin text.
7

Postmodum vero, pro parteJohannis Hom clerici dicte diocesis nobis exposito quod dudum, ante datam dictarum litterarum, recolende memorie Paulus, papa ii etiam predecessor noster eum in prefato monasterio in monachum recipi, et habitum juxta dicti monasterii consuetudinem sibi exhiberi, ac professionem regularem per eosdem monachos emitti solitam ab eo recipi et admitti, deque dicto prioratu certo modo vacante, quem idem Patritius Hom tunc indebite detinebat,sibi prouideri mandauerat, et secum ut habitum suscipere et professionem huiusmodi emittere non teneretur, donec dicti prioratus professionem [recte possessionem] pacifice assequeretur dispensauerat; et quod orta postea inter eosdem Johannem et Patritium Hom super dicto prioratu, quem quilibet eorum ad se spectare asserebat, materia questionis, ac coram diversis judicibus litigato, tandem dilectus filius magister Petrus de Ferrera [sic], noster tunc dicti Sixti capellanus et causarum palatii apostolici auditor dicte cause cognitor, [per quam] omnia gesta in causa huiusmodi in fauorem dicti Patritii Hom et contra ipsum Johannem Hom per bone memorie Philippum sanctorum Petri et Marcelli presbyterum cardinalem dicte cause olim commissarium reuocauit sententiam promulgauerat, que nulla appellatione suspensa in rem transiuerat judicatam, ipseque Johannes Hom illius pretextu possessionem dicti prioratus fuerat assecutus; quodque, dicto Patritio Hom prefato regi exponente suppressionem extinctionem et erectionem predictas per prefatum Guillelmum episcopum dictarum posteriorum litterarum vigore earum forma seruata factas fuisse, idem rex ordinauerat quod de fructibus dicti monasterii daretur eidem Patritio certa quantitas quolibet anno, idem [que] Johannes in dicti prioratus possessione remaneret, dummodo in pretensis suppressione et extinctione ac erectione consentiret, et qui regie ordinationi ipse Johannes metu acquieuerat, et ad diuisionem fructuum reddituum et prouentuum dicti monasterii juxta dicti Sexti predecesoris voluntatem predictam, etiam per executores litterarum que ab eodem predecessore ad certos judices in partibus illis desuper emanauerunt, minime processum fuerat, monachi tamen eiusdem monasterii numero duodecim vel circa inde amoti, et ecclesie parrochiales eidem monasterio annexe et ad presentationem prioris eiusdem spectantes cantoribus dicte ecclesie assignate extiterant, perque illos pretextu litterarum ac illarum vigore factarum suppressionis extinctionis et erectionis predictarum, que forte non fuerant effectum sortite, indebite occupabantur, Nos tunc ipsius Johannis Hom (asserentis se premissorum occasione impeditam [recte impeditum] fuisse habitum suscipere et professionem huiusmodi emittere, ac de medietatis [recte medietate] fructuum reddituum et prouentuum dicti prioratus quos quadringentarum librarum sterlingorum va (lorem) an (nuum) non excedere in litteris dicti Pauli predecessoris expresserat Johannes Hom camere apostolice dicti monasterii debitam satisfactionem impendere et monasterium predictum monachis unico duntaxat excepto destitutam [recte destitutum] ad ruinam cum fructuum reddituum et prouentuum eius qui satis ampli erant perditione prouentuum fore, nisi illi ac ordini priori et monachis eius ab codem expulsis et ad illud reddire [recte redire] paratis de remedio oportuno prouideretur, ac suppressionem extinctionem et erectionem predictas de facto factas et nunquam effectum sortitas fuisse, et prefatum Patritium Hom qui, non zelo deuotionis aut augmentationis diuini cultus sed odio eiusdem Johannis, ut ipsum vexare posset, premissa fieri procurauerat, ad finem quod [de] dicto decanatu erigendo sibi prouideretur, jam decessisse) ac conuentu [s] dicti monasterii supplicationibus incinati, monasterium predictum in pristinum statum in quo erat tempore date dictarum litterarum Sixti predecessoris restitui, et illius reddituariis decimatoribus subditis et vassallis ut eidem Johanni de fructibus redditibus et prouentibus eiusdem monasterii, uti solitum erat aliis prioribus pro tempore existentibus, integre responderant [recte responderent], ac capellanis et cantoribus aliisque quibusuis personis ut [sic] ecclesias res bonaque dicti monasterii occupantibus et detinentibus ut illa dimitterent mandari, et quibusuis aliis personis, cuiuscunque status gradus ordinis vel conditionis existerent, ne occupatoribus predictis ad continuandum eorum occupationem huiusmodi auxilium consilium vel fauorem preberent, subexco mmunicationis sententia et aliis penis et censuris ecclesiasticis quas eo ipso contrauenientes incurrerent, inhiberi, necnon eidem Johanni et pro tempore existenti priori dicti monasterii et predictis conuentui, super manutentione et recuperatione ecclesiarum rerum et bonorum ad dictum monasterium pertinentium, perpetuis futuris temporibus presidio debite defensionis assisti eosque defendi, contradictoresque et rebelles ac ecclesiarum fructuum et bonorum dicti monasterii detentores et occupatores, per excommunicationis sententiam et alias penas et censuras, ad illa dimittendum, inuocato etiam ad hoc auxilio brachii secularis, capelle [recte compelli,] sub certis modo et forma per alias nostras litteras mandauimus, prout in singulis litteris predictis plenius continetur.

Cum autem, sicut exhibita nobis nuper pro parte dicti regis petitio continebat, prefatus Sixtus predecessor, de bono jure dicti Patritii Hom in dicto prioratu informatus, dicto Guillelmo episcopo super suppressione extinctione et erectione predictis de consensu dicti tunc archiepiscopi loci ordinarii faciendis plenam concesserit potestatem, et idem episcopus illius vigore, omnibus ad id requisitis mature discussis et ponderatis, ad suppressionem [et] extinctionem et [sic] dicte religionis honorem [? recte ordinis] et sub inuocatione dey [i.e. dei] genitricis semper virginis Marie erectionem predictas inclusiue, dicto archiepiscopo consentiente, processerit, fructuum reddituum et prouentuum dicti prioratus in prebendas diuisione duntaxat excepta, et persone dicte capelle regie eorum [dem] bonorum dicti monasterii, que auctoritate apostolica eidem capelle applicate fuerunt, possessionem assecute extiterint, et illa possideant de presenti, prefatusque quoque Johannes Hom, cui (fn. 9) [de?] decanatu predicto sic erecto prouisum extitit, pluribus annis ut eiusdem capelle regie decanus cum prebendatis in eadem in choro et capitulo ac conuentionibus capitularibus et aliis eorundem interuenerit (fn. 9) et in diuinis deseruierit, ac portionem fructuum reddituum et prouentuum eiusdem et ad ulteriorem executionem ordinat (ionis?) suppressionis et erectionis predictarum distinctionem quoque prebendarum in eadem ecclesia procedi mandare (ne pretextu litterarum nostrarum ea [? recte et eorum] que vigore facultatis a dicto Sixto predecessore matura deliberatione prehabita ad prefati regis supplicationem concesse, per prefatum episcopum Ostiensem de expresso consensu dicti Patritii archiepiscopi probe et laudabiliter facta ac eodem rege prosequente extunc effectum sortita fuerunt, ex quibus diuini cultus succedit (fn. 10) (?) augmentum, quicquam in posterum in suppressionis extinctionis et erectionis predictarum preiuditium attemptetur), ac alias in premissis oportune prouidere de benignitate apostolica dignaremur. Nos igitur, qui regem prefatum singulari diligimus in domino caritate et votis eius libentur annuimus, fraternitati vestremandamus quatenus vosin dictis ciuitate vel diocesi, si et postquam vocatis dicto Johanne Hom et aliis qui fuerint euocandi de premissis summarie vobis legitime constiterit, omnia et singula per prefatum episcopum Ostiensem vigore facultatis predicte sibi a dicto Sixto predecessore concesse in erectione et suppressione huiusmodi facta et gesta ac inde secuta quecunque auctoritate nostra probetis et confirmetis, suppleatisque omnes et singulos defectus si qui forsan interuenerint in eisdem, ac dictarum litterarum nostrarum dicto Johanni Hom concessarum in premissis executoribus et subexecutoribus ab eis forsan deputatis ne ad earum executionem de cetero quoquomodo procedant eadem auctoritate inhibeatis, ac decernatis irritum et inane quicquid secus per eos ac aliis [sic] super hiis presertim a dicto Guillelmo episcopo factis a quoquam quauis auctoritate scienter vel ignoranter attemptatum forsan est hactenus, vel imposterum contigerit attemptari. Et nichilominus per vos vel alium seu alios ad ulteriorem executionem erectionis dicti prioratus in collegiatam ecclesiam predictam, diuisionis et extinctionis [? recte distinctionis] facultatum eiusdem in prebendas, et de nouo quatenus opus sit super extinctione et suppressione religionis ordinis et qualitatum omnium predictorum procedatis, illasque exequamini, ac bona facultates possessiones et ecclesias dicto prioratui annexas et incorporatas annexa et incorporata diuidatis et prebendas distinguatis, ac oportunas propterea suppressiones extinctiones diuisiones et distinctiones ac ut [sic] faciatis in omnibus et per omnia, perinde ac si littere predicte que [sic] in premissis a Sixto predecessore prefata auctoritate a principio vobis directe et ipso predecessore Jnuente [recte uiuente] vobis presentate et illarum vigore per vos ad earum executionem procedi incohatum extitisset, ac alias prout vobis videbitur expedire, super quibus vobis et vestrum cuilibet de nouo concedimus presentium tenors facultatem. Contradictores per censuram ecclesiasticam etc. Non obstantibus premissisVolumus autem quod decanus capitulum et persone dictarum ecclesie et capelle singulis quindecim annis de fructibus redditibus et prouentibus dicti monasterii siue prioratus camere apostolice debitam absolutionem impendere, et ad id sic faciendum exnunc se dicte camere obligare teneantur, prout sancte Justine Paduane et Lateranensis sancti Benedicti [et] sancti Augustini ordinum congregationes se obligant in eadem camera persoluuere [sic] pro monasteriis et prioratibus aliisque benefitiis ecclesiasticis congregationibus ipsis pro tempore incorporatis. Datumanno tertio. sic erecte ecclesie perceperit, suppressioni extinctioni et erectioni predictis consentiendo, et asserens velle ad Romanam curiam pro restante [? recte restantis] fructuum reddituum et prouentuum predictorum diuisione in prebendas procurandas [sic] se conferre, litteras regis commendatitias et credentiales ad nos habuerit, et illis mediantibus a nobis litteras nostras predictas extorserit reuocatorias suppressionis et extinctionis dicti monasterii (in quo retroactis temporibus illius prior cum duobus religiosis residere consueuerat) et erectionis illius in collegiatam ecclesiam, in qua juxta erectionem fiendam octo vel circa, ac applicationi [s] bonorum predictorum dicte capelle, in qua decem et octo persone prebendarii et cantores diuina debent celebrare sine intermissione officia, pro parte eiusdem regis nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum ut gestis per eundem Guillelmum episcopum in premissis pro eorum subsistentia firmiori robur nostre confirmationis adiicere.

8 Wilkins 'in tutum'
9 Corrections in MS.
10 Corrected in MS.