Cecil Papers
December 1595, 1-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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R. A. Roberts (editor)

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1894

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481-499

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'Cecil Papers: December 1595, 1-15', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 5: 1594-1595. (1894), pp. 481-499. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=111657 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


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December 1595, 1–15

John Danyell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 2.Thanks him for being a mean to her Majesty for granting him a pension of 40l. “I do send you the enclosed to be delivered to her Majesty, which chiefly concerneth her service, and partly my distressed estate. That which pertaineth to her Majesty's service is of mine own ragged handwriting, for I would not commit the trust thereof to any other, praying you to read the same to her Highness. Before my commitment here I had a letter ready to the effect of the enclosed, and sent it you, and I being driven to keep my chamber with a sore leg, my son could not find you. I sent it to the Countess of Warwick, who returned the same to me for that she was commanded by her Highness not to meddle with Irish causes; which letter, upon further advisement, I altered, for in the same I besought the direction of that service to the Earl of Ormond, and do think it fittest the direction thereof shall be to Mr. Justice Walshe. He is a native of Waterford, hath been many years Chief Justice of Munster, is well acquainted with the mariners and serviceable men fit for that purpose in Waterford, Downgarvan, Yoghill, Cork, and Kinsale, and can with more ease and less charges travail therein than the Earl. I am well beloved in those places myself, and will not only make choice of such as shall be fit for the service, but also instruct them sufficiently how to proceed to the winning of the Spaniards' favour, and to execute their service effectually without danger. This service I doubt not will take good success, with easy charges to her Majesty. None of them shall know the cause of the other's going. We will provide one that shall go and return unto you with expedition with intelligence of their preparation of shipping and men—where they lie, who is their chief, their several captains' names, and what they intend to do. If the Earl of Tyrone do not come to submit himself, I mean to prepare for him, besides other acceptable services I determine to do for her Highness there. It is necessary that few be made acquainted therewith.
Immediately after perfecting the patent of my pension, I was arrested by one that lent me from time to time 60l., and driven to pawn my patent unto him; and being committed here for 30l. more, he refuseth to be bound for me or to lend me any money to defray my charges; so as I am like to perish in case her Majesty do not help me. As I have written to her Highness, I lost 800 crowns beyond the seas in coming hitherto for her service, besides that I have continued here at great charges, whereby I was brought greatly indebted. I beseech you to be a mean to her Highness for commanding 100l. to be delivered unto me to quit my patent and to pay this debt and other little sums I owe, and also to grant me the 20l. concealment, which is no hindrance to her Majesty, but may bring her other successors yearly rent, whereas now she hath none. I have and will deserve the same, and will in this or any other service travail at mine own charges. It shall animate others, when they shall hear I am well used, to do her Highness good service; it shall greatly redound to your honour, and in especial among such as know the services I have done, to rid me out of these troubles. I have heretofore made proffer of services to one, as I shall tell you hereafter; if it had been accepted her Majesty should be greatly eased of her wars in Ireland. It made me forbear offering any more, but I hope these attempted by me now shall be better embraced.”—The Compter in the Poultry, 2 December, 1595.”
Signed. 1½ pp. (36. 47.)
Letter to the Queen, enclosed :
1595, Dec. 1.My long continuance here these three years and three months, a poor suitor to your Highness, hath brought me so deeply indebted I am forced to trouble you with these few lines, most heartily rendering great thanks for your granting me 40l. pension yearly during my life out of your Highness' Exchequer here, which is more to my contentment than 90l. pension I had of the King of Spain : beseeching your Majesty as well in consideration of the loss of 800 crowns I had beyond the seas in coming hither for your service, as of my charges here, to command me a reasonable portion of money to pay my debt, and to grant me 20l. of your concealed lands in Ireland where I may find the same. It is a grant that shall bring yearly rent to your Highness and your successors, and shall be a living for me and my posterity for ever. Albeit my abiding here is necessary to deliver my opinion of any English or Irish the enemy shall send hither about any mischievous action, yet if it please your Highness, with the advice of any of your Council, to employ me for Ireland with your letters to Justice Walshe according to the effect of the enclosed, I will step thither, and will proceed therein in such sort as I doubt not but it shall take good success.—The Compter in the Poultry, like a poor prisoner, 1 December, 1595.
Endorsed :—“From Jo. Danyell, prisoner in the Counter, His offer of service. A letter to Justice Walshe and some money to pay his debts.”
Signed. 1 p. (36. 46.)
The Attorney General (Coke) to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 2.These are to certify you of those special questions whereof by your letter you require to be advertised.
First, Wood is sentenced to lose both his ears, the one Cheapside, the other at Westminster, and to be branded in the face in this sort; on the one cheek an “f” for his forgery, on his brow a “p” for his perjury, and on his other cheek an “s” for subornation.
2. Wells is to stand on the pillory at both the said places, and to have both his ears nailed, the one at the one place, the other at the other. For the time (if no restraint be to the contrary) he is to receive his first punishment on the next market day at Cheapside, as I think. Concerning the mitigation of his punishment in respect of his voluntary confession, wherein you require me to signify what I think, I beseech you give me leave to deal plainly and sincerely as becometh me. I do assure myself that in respect of many circumstances it will be an occasion of great slander to her Majesty's justice if any part of his punishment shall be mitigated; and this I speak of certain knowledge, whereof I hold myself bound in duty to advertise her Majesty by you, lest hereafter I might be blamed for neglect of duty.
It were a good device to give occasion that Wood hath confessed that which he hath done upon promise of pardon (as some already do give out, as I hear) if in truth he should be pardoned.—This 2 of December, 1595.
Signed. 1 p. (36. 48.)
Export of Cloth.
1595, Dec. 3.Warrant to Lord Burghley for Andreas Hofman, on behalf of the Duke of Hulst, to export a quantity of broad cloths, dressed or undressed, one half to be long and the other short, as follows, viz., 400 cloths this year, and 200 in each of the two following years, free of all custom.—Manor of Richmond, 3 December, 38 Elizabeth.
Endorsed :—“Memorandum, That this letter was issued ao 1596, for that none was expended before.”
Sign Manual. 1 p. (36. 49.)
(ii.) Copy of the above, except that the licence is for 400 broad cloths only, no time of exportation being mentioned.
1 p. (36. 50.)
Sir Nicholas Parker to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 3.Acknowledges favour in his long suit for the reinforcing of his broken troop. Hopes that, if occasion offer for service, he may not be forgotten with others of his profession, for he has nothing to live on but Her Majesty's pay.—Dewsborough, 3 Dec. 1595.
Signed. ½ p. (172. 103.)
Lord Cobham.
1595, Dec. 3.Names of Lord Cobham's servants.
2 pp. (145. 216.)
The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 4.Bear with me that I have not sooner written unto you since I received your letter dated the 25th of the last month; for as I was not well when it came to my hands, so have I ever since been troubled with an ague. I see by your letter how gracious her Majesty is still to my poor wife, which I can no ways in any sort do anything to deserve, much less requite, but with my prayers to God for her Highness' continued preservation. So soon as I dare venture abroad I will satisfy my wife's request, now that her Majesty hath licensed me so to do. I am but newly returned from a bad journey and am troubled still, as I told you. I do heartily thank you for that you write of David Ingleby, for not above two days before, I was constantly told that he was in another place not far off Durham, and from this country he went thither; but now I need not to employ any person about that business any longer. Since Anthony Atkinson did so thoroughly fear him, he hath removed to many places and never rested long in any, or else all my espials have deceived me; but now I see I may leave them, which I am glad of, though I should have been more glad to deliver him to her Majesty than I am to hear of his departure.—At York, 4 December, 1595.
Holograph. 1 p. (36. 51.)
Captain Robert Dackhom to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 4.Is doubtful of the safe delivery of his letters of the 23rd of this present (sic); knows not what danger may come to Ostend by not advertising Essex of the enemy's great preparations in Bridges (Bruges), Iper (Ypres) and other of their towns, their army already making head of 8000 men not far from Dunkirk, their artillery and munitions of war being in like forwardness, and all their commanders having had their general assembly at Brissels. Looking into their proceedings, with the desire they have for that government, it cannot be thought but that their continual posting from place to place concerns them. Their only desire is, if the enemy set down before the town, that Essex would have a care of them.—Ostend, this 4 of December, 1595.
P.S. Is given to understand of certain Englishmen in Dunkirk who have assured the governor they will deliver him good prisoners that shall be taken in Kent. Five ships well manned are gone forth of Dunkirk six days past, and three new ships are making there and one at Newport.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (36. 52.)
Lord Burghley to the Officers of the Port of London outwards.
1595, Dec. 5.Communicating the terms of the warrant in favour of Andrew Hofman, factor of the Duke of Hulst, Archbishop of Bremo. [see Dec. 3.]—The Strand, 5 December, 1595.
Copy. ½ p. (36. 53.)
Thomas Smith, Clerk of the Council, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 5.This letter, which I write by her Majesty's commandment, is to deliver you her pleasure concerning Wood : That forasmuch as his confession hath been voluntary, free, and of his own accord, her Majesty most graciously thinketh good that some part of his punishment be remitted, in such sort as that he may lose but one ear, and have but one mark in any part of his face, where it shall be thought meet to be set. Thus much for the first [see p. 483]; and for the second, her Majesty's pleasure is that the order of the Star Chamber be continued and executed. Herewith it pleaseth her that you acquaint my Lord Keeper and my Lord Treasurer—From Richmond, 5 December.
[P.S.] Since the former commandment her Majesty hath given me order for this postscript, which I will set down precisely in her own words, that “In all this (above written) she referreth herself to my Lord Keeper and my Lord Treasurer, that they may do herein as they shall think meet.”
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 54.)
The Earl of Essex to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 5.Her Majesty told me of an advertisement you had out of Scotland, which she willed me to see. I came forth after you, but you were gone. If you will send it sealed by this bearer. I will return it to you precisely again; or else I will meet you about where you will.
Endorsed :—“5 December, 1595.”
Holograph. Seal. ⅓ p. (36. 55.)
Export of Cloth.
1595, Dec. 5.Certificate of Thomas Phelippes, collector of the customs outwards in the port of London, that he has received from Andreas Hofman, agent for the Duke of Holste, a warrant authorising him to transport in this next year 400 cloths, half long and half short, without custom.—Custom House of London, 5 Dec. 1595.
Endorsed :—“Beweis des Ich des Herrn Tresirirs schreiben überantword.”
½ p. (A. 94.)
Thomas, Lord Burgh to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 5.I purpose shortly to see you, yet will not omit to entertain the mean time with my respect towards you. I heretofore wrote to you that I would not intermeddle with the occurrences of these parts : the reason, because I supposed Mr. Bodley gave you the first of his advertisements, and so imagining still, I depart from that superfluous office. I determine about the midst of January to be in England, having renewed and added in words of more restraint an oath in the behalf of her Majesty to the burghers of this town. I had much labour and long debate about it : but they be sworn to join to her Majesty against all their compatriots in any matter wherein they would dissent, and such like circumstances of duty and truth. It is the best assurance I can make to tie their consciences, being weak in number and destitute of all munition to a town of war. I have, about the fortifications of the town, repaired what was much out of order. The rest I must leave to another's care, if her Majesty take my return into offence, which my estate in health and in fortune compels. In this farther am I bold, that neither contempt, because my patent allows me, nor neglect of my charge, because I will leave all things as far as belongs to my duty well established, can be imputed to me. This I will presume to your Lordship, to show 180 as warlike men, and who know their ranks in any form of battle as well, and the use of their weapons, as any soldiers wheresoever employed in service.
I look to have Sir Fernando Gorge shortly. When I gave his first pass, he promised to resolve me so soon as he might : but that being expired, he wrote for another, which I granted, but withal let him understand of the necessity of my being in England, and both for that, and my own honour and ease, the government could not be long vacant without his repair, or my substituting another lieutenant. His day is at hand, and my occasions are too long deferred in the uncertainty of his resolution. If the western employment be worth him, I am glad; if not, he may enjoy this, which he knows, and where he shall be welcome : but he failing me, I will trust Captain Torner, for whose honesty and sufficiency I may assure the town no less safe than by my presence.—Brill, Dec. 5.
Endorsed :—“Rec. 17 Jan. 1595.”
Holograph. 1 p. (204. 26.)
Richard Staperr and Edward Homden, Levant Merchants, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 6.Whereas we lately were suitors for your mediation unto her Majesty for her letters of congratulation to the Grand Seignior upon his coming to the kingdom, and did partly inform you of the necessity of the same, for that the Eastern princes, the Venetians, and others holding intercourse with him, had not only written but sent their royal presents unto him, the stay whereof on her Majesty's behalf might draw the Grand Seignior to some hard conceit, and consequently endanger our people in their lives, and ourselves in our goods remaining in the country; we have presumed by further arguments to induce your favour to our suit, whereby it may appear the continuance of the enterprise is to be nourished, as well in respect of her Majesty's benefit by custom of the goods carried in and out, as by the good the commonwealth receiveth by the maintenance of shipping and mariners communibus annis into the Straits, as may more particularly appear by the note enclosed.—London, 6 December, 1595.
Signed. ½ p. (36. 56.)
Sir Francis Vere to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec 6.I am but newly arrived in these quarters, and therefore have had no time to bring anything to pass, but do not doubt ere long, if the Count Frederick of Berck, who hath the command of these parts for the enemy, be of a stirring humour, or otherwise lie open to my endeavours, to forge some such matter as may be expected from so mean a chief and forces; which forthwith shall be laid before you.—Doesbergh, 6 December, 1595.
Holograph. 1 p. (36. 57.)
Sir Richard Molyneux to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 6.Having laid special wait in all places near, as also in divers other parts of this county, that in these troublesome times all such persons as by their behaviour might give any suspicion of bad affection to our estate should be apprehended and brought before me, it happened that this day two men, which did pretend to travel through the country, were brought before me, and upon strait examination one of them proved to be a priest and his name Hawkesworth, born in Yorkshire and brother to a gentleman in that county of good living, as by his own examination written by himself doth appear, which examination, with himself, I have made bold to send you; praying you to acquaint the rest of the Council with it and the priest's coming up, and that I may understand their pleasures for my own discharge.—From my house Croxstaffe, this 6th day of December, 1595.
Signed. Seal, broken. 1 p. (36. 58.)
Sir Charles Percy to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 6/16.Although absent, “I will not leave to acknowledge my duty in writing, unto whom I must dedicate all my good fortunes in the wars, having received my beginning in them at your Lordship's hands, and since have continued them under your protection.”—Dousbourough, 16 Dec. stilo novo. Signed.
3 pp. Two seals. Endorsed :—“1595.” (172. 112.)
H. Constable to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 7.Beseeching him to let him know how he stands in his gracious opinion, and what he may do to win or increase it.—Paris, 7 December, 1595.
Signed. Seal. 1¼ pp. (20. 90.)
Sir William Periam, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 7.This bearer, my lord bishop of Exeter his servant, made offer unto me of a warrant under the privy seal for the discharging of his lordship from the first fruits of that bishopric. But sureties are bound for the payment thereof, who by the same in law are not discharged. Therefore, if her Majesty pleaseth to remit them also, the same must appear by special words, as well as for the pardoning and releasing of his sureties as his lordship.—From Chelsea, 7 December, 1595.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (36. 59.)
Sir Edward Hoby to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 7.Finding that you were not conveniently to be at London to-morrow night, I am bold to send to know whether Tuesday may be any more in your grace to visit poor Canon Row, where, as late as it shall please you, a gate for your supper shall be open, and K. Richard present himself to your view. Pardon my boldness that ever love to be honoured with your presence, neither do I importune more than your occasions may willingly assent unto.
Endorsed :—“7 December, 1595.”
Holograph. ⅓ p. (36. 60.)
Henry de Bourbon to the Earl of Essex.
1595, before Dec. 8.“Monsieur, en cherchant le moyen de respondre a la derniere lettre qu'il vous a pleu m'escrire, j'ay heu ce bon heur de rencontrer M. l'agent d'Angleterre qui m'a donné commodité de satisfaire a mon desir; et par la mesme je vous confirmeré le vocu de mon service, dont l'affection vous est si dedyée que personne du monde n'y peut prendre plus davantage. Ayez cette creance, Monsieur, et que la reputation de votre merite peut tellement sur moy qu'elle m'oblige sur toute autre chose d'acquerir votre bonne grace par toutes sortes d'effets dignes de la qualite de vôtre bien humble et bien affectionne a vous servir, Henry de Bourbon.”
Endorsed :—“Received, 8 Dec. '95.”
Holograph. Seal. (172. 106.)
John Ferrour to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 8.Cecil's many virtues and the fervent desire he has long had to attend upon him, for want of a better mediator, make him to be his own orator. Prays to be retained as one of his household attendants and promises dutiful service.
Endorsed :—“8 December, 1595.”
Holograph. ½ p. (36. 61.)
Sir Thomas Wilkes to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec 8.The bearer Richard Dingnam, desirous to pursue his dispatch himself, hath desired to have the warrant and to attend you for the same at London. I have therefore sent it enclosed by him, which I leave to you to procure to be rated and signed by my lord your father and the rest of the lords that may happily meet there with him. His lordship will shew you to whom the warrant is to be directed for the payment of the money.—At the Court, this 8th of December, 1595.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (36. 62.)
Herbert Croftes to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 8.In favour of the bearer, his brother in law, Mr. James Boyce, to be steward of the lordship of Norton, co. Radnor. The appointment is in Cecil's hands in right of the wardship of young Tamwoorthe, and Croftes has been a suitor for it divers times. Boyce is “a gentleman of the best sort and quality in that country.”—My poor lodging [in London], 8 Dec. 1595.
Holograph. 1 p. (172. 107.)
Samuel Wharton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 9.I am arrived at Plymouth, and have been brought before the mayor and his brethren, who have opened and perused my several letters, and have also found in my custody certain notes which I took for my better remembrance, some by direction of Mr. Wade and the rest of my own, which they have likewise sent unto you, as also the copy of my letter from York to you and of my letter to the bishop of Durham; with all which Mr. Wade hath been acquainted in more large manner than your honour, and therefore I do refer myself to his censure, and have in this letter to him craved him to make you fully acquainted therewith. I did not intend to carry any of those papers (the four letters to Tanckard and Hodgson excepted) any further than Bayonne; but now, I fear, I shall be hardly bestead considering my letters of commendation were so unadivsedly opened as it is not possible to seal them again, and so I have no means left but to excuse the matter and say that they were opened at the passage, and being found not to be ominous, were in that manner delivered me again, which will be a sufficient excuse as I shall finely handle the matter, my stay here considered, which may be hindrance to me. I desire I may either have a pass, sent with as much expedition as may be, or else that you will otherwise satisfy the mayor, that when our ship shall be ready to go hence I be not left behind; not doubting but all things shall fall out to your good liking and for my own credit.—At Plymouth, 9 December, 1595. [P.S.]—I am also constrained to put in sureties till they have received answer from the Lord Treasurer or your honour.
Holograph. Seal broken. 2/3 p. (36. 63.)
James Bagg, Mayor of Plymouth, to Lord Burghley and Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 9.Here arriving lately a ship of London called the Hart, one John Gyles master, freighted (as it is said) by Alderman Watts, Thomas Honyman and other merchants of London, to go for Bayonne in France, and one Samuel Wharton coming as passenger in the same, of whom being a suspicion to be an espial employed for the King of Spain, having no pass, I caused him to be apprehended, and finding divers letters and notes about him which gave me no less occasion to think so of him, howbeit at last upon examination he alleged for himself that you Sir Robert Cecil were acquainted with his journey and altogether with his pretence, and that your honour knoweth the men that wrote the private letters to their friends, and what they are, and where they all dwell, I have put him under sufficient sureties until I may hear again from you. But by the way, for that it may the better appear whether the man be worthy of the trust that may in this behalf be reposed in him (which for mine own part I doubt), or whether he digress from what he hath professed, I herewith send such letters and papers as I found upon him, with his confession in all points; which being by you considered of, I will then be most ready to effect to the uttermost I may what your pleasure shall be to have further done, having omitted to make relation hereof to any other because, as the party confessed, none other but you Sir Robert Cecil were acquainted with his journey.—From Plymouth, 9 October, 1595.
Endorsed :—“From the Maior of Plymouth the 9 of December, 1595, at 8 of the o'clock in the evening. From Ayshburton half an hour after three o'clock in the morning. From Exeter half an hour after 6 in the morning the 10 of December. Received at Honiton half an hour after 9 in the forenoon.”
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 64.)
Encloses :
Confession of Samuel Wharton.
He saith that Sir Robert Cecil knoweth William Tankerd who hath written to Geo. Ashworth, and what he is and where he dwelleth.
For the letter written by Thomas Bernhere, he knoweth not the man nor him to whom it was directed.
Confesseth the notes set down, marked with the mark in the margin, to be his own handwriting and done to give advertisement of the effects thereof at his coming into Spain.
Saith that Sir R. Cecil knoweth John Hodgson who writeth a letter to his brother Thomas Hodgson, and where he dwelleth. Also he knoweth William Tankerd who writeth a letter to Charles Tankerd; and Ralph Hodgson who hath written to his brother Thomas.
Saith that the paper of receipts and payments of money is his own handwriting, which is also marked with the mark in the margin; and being demanded why he hath set down the total disagreeing with the rest, answered he did it in a fantastical mode without cause.
Confesseth that the paper of notes of both sides written, which is marked with this mark in the margin, is his own handwriting : also the letter to my lord bishop of Durham.
Saith that the paper of notes marked with the mark in the margin is his own handwriting.
Confesseth that the letter he himself wrote to Sir R. Cecil, which is marked with the cipher 4, is his own writing.
Saith that Sir R. Cecil was acquainted with the noting of my lord of Cumberland and Sir W. Ralegh their setting to the seas.
Being asked why he set down the Castle of Plymouth in his note, answered that he did it of sudden conceit, and would at no hand yield other reason.
He hath no money to defray his charge but is to be furnished by Thomas Honyman's brother remaining in Bayonne upon his coming thither, to whom Thomas Honyman hath therein written.—Taken at Plymouth, the 9th day of December, 1595, before James Bagge, merchant, Mayor there.
1 p. (36. 65.)
Brill.
1595, Dec. 9.Promise on oath of the bailiffs, burgomasters and magistrates of Brill, in presence of the governor and of the captains and officers of her Majesty's garrison there, to fulfill all conditions contained in the agreement between her Majesty and the United Provinces, and to support her Majesty's governor there, and also to reimburse the sums expended for payment of the soldiers employed in the Netherlands. “Soo help ous God en Jesus Christus en bÿ zÿn heÿlich woirdt.”—9 December, 1595, stilo veteri.
Dutch. 1 p. (36. 66.)
Walter Cope to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 10.Returns the plots according to his appointment; if he will command Mr. Styckells any further service he will be ready to run or go. Beseeches him, on behalf of a young merchant, to direct enclosed petition to Mr. Cesar to be examined and ordered, or else reported back to their honours.
Endorsed :—“10 December 1595. With the petition of one Byrde.”
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (36. 67.)
George Gilpin to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 10.If there had anything chanced worth your knowledge since my last, or that by Mr. Bodley had not been advertised, I would not have overpassed any opportunity. The States attend but an answer from Mons. Caron about their last letters unto her Majesty, and then would presently send deputies; to which end those of Holland in their last assembly (as is told me in private) have nominated Mons. de Brederode, Loozen and Valke, but whether the General States will alter or appoint other is uncertain. I have been partaker of those it hath pleased you to write unto Mr. Bodley, and thank you for remembering me therein, both of us depending on your favour, more desirous to do you all service than enabled, in respect of the small occasions offered. You have seen the copies of the intercepted letters of Taxis, wherein he discourseth touching the peace. The States have taken occasion thereupon to write unto the Emperor and divers Princes of the Empire, praying that they will forbear to send any deputies hither, seeing there is no sure trust in the Spaniards, and all of them here fully resolved in no wise to hearken thereunto, or admit any conference. They have also written unto the Prince of Orange after a sort, congratulating his liberty out of the tyrannical hands of the King of Spain, who had not ceased (as he doth not yet) to persecute those of his name, and murdered his father, besides that he still proceeded in his course to afflict all he could those that held with the true religion and maintained their due right and privileges : praying him not to hearken so far unto the Spanish enchantments to be made an instrument, under the colour of a mediator of peace or otherwise, to hurt those who had so loved and honoured his said father and all of them of the house of Nassau. This letter shall be sent or delivered by means of the Count John of Nassau.
The last thaw fell out very luckily, for the enemy was in readiness, both in Brabant and near Linghen, to have made invasions, and surely it would have been hard for the States to keep their frontiers well garrisoned and well guarded, and withal to have defended the passages and entrances, which be infinite in frost time; the mutinied Italians being also come unto Turnhout in Brabant, with intent to have lived again upon the boors that contribute on this side, the which they had cited to bring up and pay three months' contributions out of hand, so as their proceedings nothing liked these men, and hath occasioned that there was order taken to will them to forbear their exactions or they should be held and used as enemies, Count Maurice having sent forth of Breda, Bargues, Heusden and other frontiers certain troops to surprise and beat the said mutinied if they can be taken at any advantage.
They of Holland, having been met this three weeks, are parted, and as is said, notwithstanding the difficulties that fell out, have agreed to grant the demanded contributions. Gelderland hath proportionately done the like, and no less is looked for from Utrecht, where they are now assembled. Friesland and Groeningen are also to meet shortly for the same purpose, and because it is thought there will be oppositions, it is determined to send hence certain deputies to insist and furder those contributions, to the end that after it shall be known what all the Provinces will grant for the year to come, there may be also the sooner resolved and order taken about the levies and services against the next summer; sundry high duchies offering to bring men to be entertained in wartgelt and ready in 6 weeks or two months after warning given. Monsieur Buzenval, having of late had audience, assured the States from the King his master that he would make no peace nor agreement without their foreknowledge and liking; insisting withal that they would therefore continue in succouring of him. It was written from Antwerp that if the Prince of Sonay had not missed the surprising of Han, on the which he had an enterprise, the Count of Fuentes would have ere this been in field to rescue La Fere; and now it seemeth the soldiers are unwilling to serve without they be paid, and the provision of money is small.—Hague, 10 December, 1595.
Signed. Two seals. 1½ pp. (36. 68.)
William Waad, Clerk of the Council, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 10.Some infirmity hath made me withdraw myself from attending her Majesty's further pleasure, and I got an attorney of the law that was my brother's servant to peruse all his writings; and by good hap this morning we have found the cases and all my brother's notes and arguments for her Majesty's title for Topham and those lordships that are to come to her Majesty of the late Dukes of Norfolk, which if happily they had not been found, I assure you I think no man doth remember the special points of the title. I left with Sir Tho. Gorge a note in writing of the special matters we found in Mr. Young's chest, which concern William Wiseman, Neville, and Wm. Shelley. I gave him also a copy of Dryland's confession, and Dryland himself is sent for. A messenger is likewise gone to Sir Edward Stafford for the examinations of Laton, and one examination of his Sir Tho. Gorge had. All the other papers in Mr. Young's chest are of matters concerning priests, seminaries and recusants, and most of them of old date, which, if it please her Majesty, may be delivered to the commissioners for those causes. Or, if her Majesty so please, there is an honest sufficient gentleman, Mr. Skeffington, that will be a fit man to follow those causes, and if those writings may be delivered to his hands, he may have light by them to follow those matters.—From my house in Wood Street, the 10th of December, 1595.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 70.)
William, Lord Cobham to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 10.This evening late I received your letter with the other enclosed, which maketh mention of the coming down of the 8000 men not far from Dunkirk with artillery and other munition of war, and that it is for the siege of Ostend. It is proper to every commander to be jealous of his place, and in time to seek to have everything necessary to the defence thereof, and to advertise what he heareth of the enemy's proceedings and preparations. But, my good lord, let the time of the year be considered, the seat of the country adjoining to it, and that there is no wood to be had nor place to lodge a camp but in the sandhills, and all desolate; besides her Majesty commanding the Narrow Seas, and that Ostend is a place always to be succoured by sea with men and victuals in despite of the enemy, which caused the Duke of Parma to raise his siege from it : in my opinion it is not likely, especially considering the opinion they have in France, that they mean to succour La Fere. Yet I wish that all their wants were supplied (if they have any), which being performed presently might be a means to alter any further resolution, if any be. Such advertisements as of late I have received from Calais, I send you enclosed, and for the better and true knowledge how their actions pass on the other side I have presently [sent] over to Calais a messenger, with a letter to the governor and other my friends, to know as much as may be. Her Majesty's ships being in the Narrow Seas will, I hope, look carefully to the descent of any Dunkirker, as that they shall not dare to attempt to land and take prisoners; and yet I can not say but that it is feasible, and therefore I have given warning. It were necessary that my Lord Admiral wrote to Sir Henry Palmer to prevent by sea. I pray make my excuses to her Majesty that I came so suddenly from the Court. I was enforced so to do to take physic, which being done I will not fail to do my duty.—From my house in London, the 10th of December.
Signed. 1 p. (36. 71.)
A copy of the preceding letter.
2 pp. (47. 9.)
William, Lord Cobham to Sir Robert Cecil, his son-in-law.
1595, Dec. 10.If urgent causes for my health had not caused me to come from the Court I would not have come so soon away, and so I pray you let her Highness know. Upon the receipt of my lord of Essex's letter and yours I presently wrote a letter to the governor of Calais and other of my friends to be truly informed of the enemy's proceedings, and what the governor thinks of these forces now assembled. I mean to-morrow to procure one to go into their camp, if it may be. I presently despatched the packet to Gesey [Jersey?] which you sent me. La Noue is going with the Count St. Pol. to the King after he hath seen the state of Calais, Guines and Ardes.—From my house, the 10th of December.
Endorsed :—“L. Cobham to my master. Copy of his letter to my Lord of Essex.” See above.
Holograph. ½ p. (47. 10.)
John Ferne, Secretary to the Council at York, to Lord Burghley.
1595, Dec. 11.I attended my Lord President to Newcastle the 25th of November, where he took great pains, as well to be truly certified of the estate of the Middle March as to consult with my Lord Evors (Evre) what is fittest for him to observe in that so weak and disordered a regiment now fallen to his charge.
There is no religion in that country, for all Northumberland hath but four preachers. I fear there hath been little or no justice, either martial or civil, in that March, for the March laws are out of use and the common law contempned; and of that I suppose Mr. Justice Beaumont or Mr. Sergeant Drew can inform you what a disordered justice they found in Northumberland the last assizes. Warden Courts held in private chambers; yea, the common speech of the gentlemen of that country doth avow such injustice, violence, and oppression to be willingly permitted (if not committed) in that March by such as should have protected that I verily suppose, if the particulars were enquired by commission, there would be found matter worthy of as deep a mulct or fine as came to her Majesty's use since her reign.
The decays of that March in horses and furniture is such that there is not the fourth part which is said to have been heretofore. The people daily murdered by the Scots (and no revenge nor restitution made) are utterly dejected in spirit and courage, and many seek to inhabit the islands and fly from the frontiers; ransoms as frequent as in time of war; roads, incursions, and frays more common into the Bishopric than heretofore on the Borders. The gentlemen of Northumberland did on the sudden, at Newcastle, reckon above 160 masters of families spoiled and slain in their own houses since the 10th year of her Majesty's reign; which (as likewise other points touching decays, ransoms, &c.) they are appointed to certify to my said Lord President. Those mischiefs are furthered by evil-disposed English, for by marriages with the clans and families of Scots, and by common passage of safe conducts to Scots (though perhaps such men as are impeachable by March laws) frequent convenues and conferences are entertained between Scots and English; whereby Scottish thieves are guided, recetted, and abetted in their frays and roads.
These I thought duty to offer to your consideration, the particulars better known to my Lord President, whereof I suppose he hath or will shortly give you full advertisement; but even now his lordship is sick, and so hath been since his coming from Newcastle. And for that some part of this letter, though true, yet happily [may be] offensive to some, I beseech you to conceal me, for I know they are ready to revenge, which I pray God my Lord Warden feel not. None dare sell him corn in Northumberland, as it was said in Newcastle.
It pleased you in October last to authorise me by your letters to order a cause between one Wilson, a poor man, and one Moseley, an alderman of York. The matter I ended to the poor man's liking, and Moseley was very reasonable; Wilson had no just cause of complaint.—At York, 11 December, 1595.
Holograph. Seal. 1½ pp. (36. 72.)
Edward Dyer to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 11.There was no lack in Cecil's favour that the business of Aberguilley succeeded no better, but error in them that preferred the cause, as at the hearing well appeared. Thankfully acknowledges his goodness and hopes the same may remain towards him. Requests him to hear the bearer and to accept of a motion concerning another matter committed to his relation.—At London, 11 December, 1595.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 73.)
M. Noel de Caron to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 11.Has been indisposed for eight or ten days but hopes now to come and see him in a day or two, to communicate the last despatches he has received from the States General. Is sending to the lord Chamberlain for an audience with the Queen, to whom the States also write, “avec autre chargé qu'ils me donnent a sa dite Majesté.”—Stretham, 11 Dec. 1595.
P.S.—Is sending him a couple of Dutch cheeses and a little barrel of preserved cherries from beyond sea.
French. Holograph. 1 p. (172. 108.)
Mauryc Berkley to Lord Burghley.
1595, Dec. 11.Of his cause with Mr. Henry Cholmeley, with regard to the Valdey lands in Cosson. Cholmeley has rejected his offers, and endeavours to weary him out, as by the enclosed note may appear. Prays for redress.—London, 11 December 1595.
Signed. ½ p. (204. 28.)
Sir R. Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 12.The happy news of Her Majesty's well doing came hither presently after I had sent that page of mine into England, and was infinitely welcome to all men here. For myself I did praise God exceedingly for it, and though I did not fear God had intended unto us so great a mischief, yet I must confess I could not choose but be troubled with the bruits were here, nor hold myself from sending into England to be assured how Her Majesty did. We had been here many days, and had not heard out of England, the wind indeed sitting ill, and these wild reports were spread here from Antwerp and other places in Brabant and Flanders, and though, as I said, the wind was contrary, yet were some idle conjectures made that upon some ill accident in England there had been an arrest made of all shipping. That made me send a ship of war over, “who” I knew would return to me with all speed, and tide it over against the wind. I am exceeding proud that it pleased Her Majesty to take my poor carefulness in such gracious sort, and that she would have vouchsafed me so much honour as that my said page should have had leave to see her, at which time I should have wished my estate changed with his. And very humbly I do kiss Her Majesty's hands for vouchsafing to say that in that public misery I should have lost as much as one. And this I know, I have no knowledge of any earthly second world, and therefore, if England should lose her, I should think that for myself I should lose all. Hither came also at the same time the news of the end of the wars in Ireland, at which these people here did very much rejoice. God send that the rebels prove worthy of the grace Her Majesty shews unto them.
Here are small matters in doing. I understand the States either have or will send to stay the deputies of the Empire which should come for the peace. Of the Cardinal there is no certainty, but here have been some to desire licence for him to pass into Antwerp for him forty or fifty tun of wine, which I think will be granted, as was before unto his brother. The speeches continue still of the besieging of Ostend, but I do not see any great appearance yet, and here it is more feared that the enemy will attempt Calais, and it is held an easier matter for him to perform. If he do, the coast of England will have a bad neighbour, and we shall certainly have the war in these islands. Dunkirk doth exceedingly molest these countries, and fain they would have Her Majesty join in some action for the taking of it.—Flushing, 12 December 1595.
Holograph. Seal. 2¼ pp. (20. 93.)
John Ferne to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 12.My lord of Huntingdon did return from Newcastle about ten days since, where he had been about the affairs of the Middle March; and upon his coming home he fell sick of a cold, as himself supposed, but sithence that his sickness is grown to some extremity, so that I doubt much of his recovery unless it please God shortly to restore health. Until within these two or three days there was hope of amendment, but now I fear we are rather to expect death than life.—At York, 12 December, 1595.
Signed. Seal. ⅓ p. (36. 74.)
Sir Edward Stafford to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 12.The examinations that I have of Laton be in a box that I have at my mother's house at London, and therefore I have [sent] my mother the key to desire her to make a man of hers go thither to take them out and to deliver them either to you or to Mr. Wade, or whom you shall appoint. They be all sealed up together in one packet with hard wax. Give me leave that my mother may tell the Queen that your honour hath sent to me for them; because the last time I was so commanded to deliver them to Mr. Wilkes at my lord your father's, she sent again expressly to me, and charged me herself after, not to deliver them then nor at any time upon what commandment soever to any other, but to make her first acquainted with it.—From Kenilworth, this 12th December, 1595.
Holograph. 1 p. (36. 75.)
Margaret, Lady Hawkins to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 12.This last night late I received a letter from Mr. Hawkins by one Captain Welshe, who came into their company by chance, and went with them some 40 leagues beyond the Canaries. It should seem by the said captain that Mr. Hawkins hath forborne to send any advertisement to her Majesty, my lord your father, the Lord Admiral, or any other his friends at the Court, only for that nothing was done worth the writing. Nevertheless he thought it not amiss to set down himself what befel at the Canaries lest it should be misreported; wherewith he willed me to make your father, my Lord Admiral, and yourself acquainted. I entreat give me your advice whether I were best to acquaint her Majesty herewith, or that I may find so much favour at your hands if you think it necessary to make it known unto her; for although it be not as good as I wish and daily pray for, yet I thank God it is not very ill, and I would be loth that her Highness should understand by any other that I should hear directly from Mr. Hawkins and would not make it known to her Majesty howsoever it were, for so I think it my duty. I send you a true copy of his own letter by my servant the bearer.—From Deptford, 12 December, 1595.
Endorsed :—“The Lady Hawkyns to my master.”
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 76.)
Robert, Lord Sempill to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 12.Sends his salutations, till the season of the year wherein he intends to return to Scotland, when he intends to pass through England, where he hopes to kiss the Queen's hands and Essex's. Offers services. There is constant bruit here of great preparation in Spain for this summer, but uncertain if their intention be for England or Scotland.—Rouen, 12 Dec. 1595.
Holograph. 1 p. (204. 27.)
John Danyell to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 13.The time serveth fitly for the execution of the services I offered her Majesty, if her Highness, with the advice of her Council, do think meet to allow thereof; which offer was not in regard of any further consideration, nor to free me out of these troubles, but of mere and jealous goodwill to do her Majesty acceptable service with little charges, and would have rendered my person therein but that I am well known among them and could not pass to do any good. I know my reward if ever they shall light upon me.
In case her Highness be loth to depart with money, if it please her to grant me 40l. in reversion of her lands in this realm for 40 years, I will surrender my patent of annuity presently upon the passing of a lease accordingly under the broad seal; so as thereby her Highness shall receive her yearly rent and enjoy my annuity during my life. In obtaining this I will deliver you 100l. immediately after her Majesty shall sign the book, and you or any of your friends shall have the buying thereof before any other. Otherwise, that it may please her Highness to pass my annuity in the name of another at whose hands I shall receive seven years to purchase; but for mine own life I cannot receive so much as would pay my debt. Or else that her Majesty would give order that I may receive seven years' purchase, viz., 280l., and I will surrender my patent. My only and whole confidence is in you.—From the Compter in the Poultry, 13 December, 1595.
[P.S.] I beseech you to procure the 20l. concealment for me in hope that I may have a stay of living in my country.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (36. 77.)
John Danyell.
1595, [Dec. 13.]Petition to the Queen, praying her to grant him 20l. of her concealed lands in Ireland that he may pay his creditors, enjoy his annuity, and do her Majesty any service he may. Or otherwise to grant to his proper use 40l. in reversion of her lands held in England for and during 40 years, and he to surrender his patent of annuity upon the passing of the said lease under the Great Seal.
(36. 94.)
Montmorenci to the Earl of Essex.
1595, Dec. 13/23.The letter he received from Essex three days ago confirms the assurance he has long held of Essex's affection towards him and all good Frenchmen, servants of the King. Hopes for an opportunity to do him service.—Camp at Folembray, 23 Dec. 1595.
Endorsed :—“The Constable of France.”
French. Holograph. 1 p. (172. 115.)
Sir Wm. Cornwallis to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 14.By chance my lord of Canterbury came from her Majesty into the lobby, asked if I saw you and where you were, desired me to send to your chamber; I did. Meantime he advised with himself and willed me wait on him to your chamber. There he stayed awhile, and hearing you were gone in to the Queen, he leaves his will with me, which is that her Majesty caused him to come and signify her pleasure to you that you should write to the Fellows of St. John's in Cambridge for choosing [as] their Master one Master Stanton, a man, he said, well known and liked of by yourself; and that it might please you to write in such sort as her Majesty's denomination may differ little from a commandment, and that it may be so ordered as it may be there before Tuesday night. Thus his Grace hath made me by mere chance a messenger unto you, which I should have done myself, but that my business, the day near spent, calls me to London.—At your own chamber.
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[John Whitgift,] Archbishop of Canterbury, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 14.To the same effect as the preceding letter. I doubt not but that Mr. Stanton hath been commended to her Majesty by my lord your father, and indeed he is in my opinion the worthiest and fittest man for that place, and therefore I heartily pray you to further the matter with the best speed you may. The letter must be earnest and in the nature of a commandment, otherwise I doubt the event.—From Lambeth, 14 December, 1595.
Holograph. ¾ p. (36. 80.)
Roger, Lord North to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 14.Received his letter dated the 10th of December this 14th. Is in very good health and ready to attend her Majesty's service and commandment. Will only pause one day to order his poor family, and on Thursday, if the Lord so will, make his personal appearance at the Court.—14 December, 1595.
Holograph. ⅓ p. (36. 81.)
Copy of the above. ⅓ p. (36. 78.)
Sir Horatio Palavicino to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 14.Michel Sumachi, a Greek merchant in Venice, has become bankrupt for a great sum; and as he owes much money to Giovanni de Revera, in London, the latter must fail too if the Venetian creditors arrest a ship with goods consigned by Sumachi to him, which he daily expects here. He desires a safe conduct for the said ship and goods. This must be managed secretly as Orsini and other Italians are acting for the Venetians.—From my house (di casa), 14 Dec. 1595.
Italian. Holograph. 1½ pp. (172. 109.)
Roger Manners to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 15.In favour of Mr. Stanton for the Mastership of St. John's College, Cambridge. If it be ordered that a Mandamus be granted in his behalf, if it be delivered to the bearer, there is a Cambridge man attending to carry it with all speed to Cambridge.—At the Savoy, 15 December, 1595. [P.S.] Wednesday next is the election day.
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Richard Carmarden to Sir Robert Cecil.
1595, Dec. 15.This Rumble you write me of is the man I wrote to you of about four months since, which by the notice given me by my Lord Admiral at Nonsuch last resembled the party described. He was servant unto Francis Throckmorton that was executed, for whom I have ever sithens laid wait; and your honour did command me for that cause and because he never came to you with my letter at that time, I should seek to get him by any means. Now it appeareth you may have him at your pleasure, seeing he is a suitor to you for that which I then sent him for with my letter. But for the matter of starch for which he is a suitor, [there] are seven barrels landed by one Holden, a rude paltry fellow, then deputed under that licence, without either paying custom or compounding for the same, or once acquainting the officers of the Customhouse therewith by making entry or speech, which by the statute is forfeit and kept in her Majesty's storehouse for them that hath best right unto it, which, as the matter was handled, I can assure you, is for the Queen's Majesty and the waiters that seize it. But if it please you to take order for a more orderly course to be held hereafter by those deputed for that cause, the waiters' charges borne, the starch shall be, I dare undertake for them, at your commandment. But a young gentleman had part in these 7 barrels, who was greatly suspected to be one of the brothers of Francis Throckmorton, and was with me, whereof you may do well to examine this Rumble.—London, 15 December, 1595.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (36. 83.)
— to —
1595, Dec. 15.“Good Cosin, I had hear but two frindes which wear my onely stay in this time of my banyshment, my good lord bishope of Cassan and Mr. Thomas Frogmorton, who deied of lat, one two dayes after the other.” Had they lived two months longer I had gone to Spain to be employed in the service of God's church, for the Catholic King means to “hasard for England” this next year, “and I doubt not of the good success of this Godly enterprise, for the burthen of our ships and the goodness of their sailing, and the number of the artillery which they carry, being compared unto English ships.” The only stay is the “benediction of the Novar.” A friend of mine came from Spain in September last to solicit cardinals Cagitan and Alexandreina “for to further his (the Catholic King's) action with His Holiness; but before he was arrived at Rome, the Pope had given the benediction to the Novar. Yet we hope well, for the King of Spain doth send Don Pedro di Medistese to Rome for to further this action with the Pope, for they say no English Catholics will take part with the Spaniards unless the Pope will excommunicate all that will not serve for the benefit of the Church. The lords of Scotland did offer the King of Spain to maintain the Catholic Faith in Scotland and to trouble the English at home, that they might not hinder the proceedings of the King abroad, if he would but allow them pay for three thousand men yearly.” The King means to give aid to none who do not take part with him. He intends first to take certain havens in Ireland, to “fortify the retreat of his ships” and to encourage the Irish. Perhaps he may take Hull towards the spring to second the lords of Scotland. Most of his mariners are “Ragoseseise” (Ragusans) and twelve galleons left Naples in May last with 600 pieces of brass. The Indies supply 60 ships and 10,000 men against England. My coming from Rome was a great hindrance to me, but I had no means to stay, my friends being dead.—Venice, 15 Dec. 1595.
The Cardinal of Austria waits in Turin till the spring. He dare not go by Burgundy with so great a treasure as he carries, which is 4,000,000 of gold. Money came from Spain to Naples and Sicily in November last, and 600 men are being raised in Naples for the Low Countries under Don Alexandrein de Mounte.
pp. (172. 110.)