Cecil Papers
October 1598, 16-31

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Institute of Historical Research

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R. A. Roberts (editor)

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1899

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392-419

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'Cecil Papers: October 1598, 16-31', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 8: 1598 (1899), pp. 392-419. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=111746 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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October 1598, 16–31

The Earl of Southampton to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 16. I am sorry your lordship hath by my means received blame, but I hope, seeing it was not in my power to avoid it, you will be pleased to pardon that which is past, and believe that hereafter I will ever be more ready to serve you than any way for my sake to procure your lordship the hazard of a second displeasure. For myself, I assure your lordship the thought of her Majesty's indignation conceived against me is much more grievous than the fear of what soever punishment can be laid upon me, which since she is unwilling to defer, I am resolved (as soon as I can with conveniency leave this country) to present myself to endure whatsoever she shall be pleased to inflict, hoping that when I have once abid penance sufficient for the offence committed, I shall be restored to her former good opinion, and have liberty to take what course shall be fittest for me, which is the only suit I intend to make, and that granted, I shall account myself enough favoured. If the winds hinder me not, I will land in some such part of England as I will not fail to give your lordship first notice of my arrival, and so be ready before my coming to London to receive what directions you shall send me.—Rouen, 16 Oct.
Holograph.
Endorsed by Essex's secretary :—“E. of Sowthampton, 6 Oct. '98.”
1 p. (64. 85.)
Sir Calisthenes Brooke to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 16. Pardon me that I have stayed here longer than you gave me leave; it is casualty and not will that has and will detain me here, by a shot I received in my body when we went towards the Blackwater, which has cut so many sinews that go to my thigh and leg as I am not yet for pain and the shortness able to ride or go. Besides, my hurt is kept open for splinters that are coming out of one of my ribs. In regard of which I desire your favour that my company be not taken from me in my absence, which I greatly doubt, in regard they are in the States' pay, unless you stand for me. So soon as conveniently I may I will leave this unfortunate land, and go to my company.—Dublin, 16 Oct., 1598.
Holograph.
1 p. (65. 1.)
Captain Henry Docwra to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 16. After the taking in of Berck, it was thought by the course the enemy held with the neutral towns, that he would have fortified himself with strong garrisons about the Rhine for the winter, and so to be in readiness for some further attempt upon these quarters the next spring, and that for that intent he would not stick to invade all such towns as were situate commodiously for his purpose, which jealousy is yet little removed, although to give them the less cause of fear, he have quitted divers of them wherein he held garrison, as also the fort he had built over against Orsey, and only exacting sums of money and provision of corn and victual for his army, leaves them in quiet, and so is now passed the “Lyp” with his full power, but uncertain what course he will take, whether for any of the towns of Fryzland, or else of them upon the Yssell. We doubt him most at Doesborough, and therefore I think we shall presently remove our camp thither to secure it, the situation thereof being such as we may well lodge by it in safety; but if he hold on toward Fryzland, I do not think we shall follow him any thing near, for by all credible informations of his strength, he may well divide his army into two camps and yet remain master of the field with either. The Comte of the Lyp, with them of Cleveland, holds consultation with the States about joining together, and to that effect their ambassadors are newly arrived at our camp, but what their courages or strength will give them leave to attempt is doubtful.—From the Camp, 16 Oct. '98.
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2 pp. (65. 2).
John White to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 16. The wardship of the heir of one Poudril of Derbyshire, granted to him by Cecil's father, he understands is now granted by the Queen to Pearce of the Wardrobe. Prays Cecil to assist him in making a reasonable composition with Pearce.—16 Oct. 1598.
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1 p. (65. 3.)
Thomas Wright to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 17. This twelvemonth have I lived in two most close and unwholesome prisons, spoiled of all my books and writings, not only Catholic but also Protestant, debarred of all company and humane conversation, but as yet I never knew for what cause, being never examined; only the Dean of Westminster at my committing insinuated unto me that the cause was the revolt of Mr. Alablaster in religion. The which is but a pretended colour, because they can never prove that he was converted by me. But let us put case he were, they have no law or reason to use me so rigorously therefore. First, because the Archbishop of Canterbury gave me leave to dispute with all the learned men that came to Westminster to confer with me. Next, the Dean continually urged me to dispute, and, if I refused, he expostulated the matter with me and called me meticulosum. Finally, Mr. Toplife and D. Monfort said to my face that Mr. Alablaster disdained to be converted by me. The which testimony is a sufficient argument to prove my innocency and the great injury offered to your Honour, under whose protection I lived, and to myself who was constrained to suffer it. I am made the object of revenge and the football of suspicions in matters concerning religion. Let me live as uprightly as I can, it will not be possible for me in England to continue in any liberty or enlargement, wherefore I would request licence to pass over the seas. If I stay, I am assured to be thrust up shortly in some hole where I never shall see the world any more. My health is impaired through my former restraint, and as much more will end my days. I hope therefore to receive from your honourable mind such an answer as you offered me concerning my departure before your last voyage.—From Bridewell, 17 8bris 1598.
Holograph. Seal.
1 p. (177. 114.)
Thomas Wright to Anthony Bacon.
1598, Oct. 17. Although I know not whether your affection be eclipsed towards me this long time of my most rigorous restraint, or that it continueth in the same degree and manner it did before, yet because I find myself the same, and my good will towards you like corn covered with snow, the which then roots the deeper when the cold is the vehementer, therefore with the same affection and liberty I presume to write unto you as I did before. And first, I give you most “affectuall” thanks in moving Mr. Wade for some little enlargement for me. Next, I thought good to acquaint you with what has passed in these 12 months of my imprisonment. Twice in this time I wrote to my lord of Essex, but my letters were never delivered : the first were concealed (as I suspect) by craft, the other by negligence of the bearer. All this time I never knew for what cause I was committed, never called to trial, never examined : only the Dean, at my committing, insinuated unto me that the cause was Mr. Alab[laster's] revolt in religion. But certainly this was but only a pretence and a colour to remove me from the Dean's and to shut me up : wherewith my lord has good occasion to be offended (under whose protection I lived), and I was extremely injured. Because the Archbishop of Canterbury gave me leave to dispute with those learned men which resorted to the Dean's to confer with me. Besides, the Dean himself urged me to conference, and specially with Mr. Alabla[ster], so far that if I seemed unwilling (being so directed by your worship) he would expostulate with me and call me meticulosum. Moreover Toplif and D. Monfort said to my face that Mr. Alab[laster] disdained to be converted by me, the which testimony well declareth what injury I have suffered, to have been so severely punished with so long an imprisonment for his conversion. I have written a letter to my lord acquainting his Honour in part with this extraordinary dealing. I hope you will prepare him to favour my suit, which is wholly to abandon England, for I have so many enemies that it will be impossible for me to live in quietness, but, either upon suspicion or malice, I shall daily be subject to calumnies and restraint. Wherefore I beseech you to help me to obtain now by suit that licence of departure which my lord once offered unto me of his own accord.
I had finished a book of the passions of the mind wherein I have declared the nature, number, causes, effects and proprieties of all passions and affections, how they may be discovered, what prudence and policy may be used in them. This book I delivered to the Bishop of London, who had received by the peruser thereof this censure, that there was nothing in it either against this state or present religion, yet the Bishop did never deliver me my book, and now for that it is dedicated to your Worship with a preface unto you, I would request you to procure my copy from the Bishop, who I know will not deny it. Thus with my most affectuall commendations unto your Worship, expecting some honourable answer from my lord of Essex, with whom I would gladly speak, I leave you to the protection of Christ Jesus.—Bridwell, 17 Oct., 1598.
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2 pp. (65. 4.)
W. Waad to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 17. We were all of us at the Tower this afternoon and urging Stanley upon the two letters which he brought, the one under the name of Nicholas Fitzherbert, the other of Walpole. Finding them to be counterfeit, he in the end desired us he might therein make known the truth unto your lordship, and earnestly requested us to forbear to urge him farther, vowing he would reveal the truth to you. Which the rest of the Commissioners willed me to signify unto you.
After, privately, he confessed to me that he devised them himself and caused a Spaniard to write them forth.
The likeness of the knots hath undone this knot, which I doubt not will also in the end find out both the ends of this intricate practice by him undertaken and by them plotted.—From Moor Lane, the 17th of October, 1598.
Holograph. Seal.
1 p. (177. 120.)
The Mayor of Boulogne to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 17/27. Depuis mes dernieres escrites j'ay receu nouvelles qui ont confirme ladviz que je vous ay donne des resolutions de notre Espaignol; il fait proffession auverte de la religion de laquelle jay tousjours creu quil estoit. Il a de beaux appointemens, lon luy a baille maison comme sil estoit aultre qun moyne, et deux peres Jesuistes, Salinas et Mansidor, avec ung aultre conseiller Espaignol, dont lon ne ma sceu dire le nom, sont souvent au conseil avecq luy pour traitter de ce quil peult en voz quartiers. Vous tiendrez, sil vous plaist, pour asseure que sy vous ne donnez ordre de pourveoir a la seurite de voz portz, avecq laide des partiaulx qui sont en vostre pays, quilz trammeront quelque chose par la voye que je vous ay dit plus asseuree de Boullogne ou de Calais et par le moyen des personnes que je vous ay nommees. Vostre sagesse et prevoiance en toutes choses asseurra cest affaire que nest de peu dimportans, cela vous doibt estre asseure, qui je me suis cent foys esmerveille, comme il avoit peu aprendre tant de secrets de vostre estat dangleterre comm il en scavoit estant estranger et suspect. Il sembloit en ses discours avoir este a votre conseil non comme personne privee mais pour y presider. Je croy quil recevoit des instructions de ceulx quil cognoissoit de son opinion. Je tiendray tousjours mes amys en haleine affin davoir loeuil ouvert aux actions de cest homme, pour men donner adviz a toutes les occasions, mais il fault craindre le temps, et quilz ne facent sans que Ion puisse rien scavoir, Ion ne luy baille ces grandz entretenements pour rien. Sy j'apprends quelque chose de luy de nouveau, vous pouvez crore, monseigneur, que je ne perddray temps que je ne vous en advertisse, pour le desir que jay de vous tesmoigner l'honneur que jay voue a voz vertuz.—27 Oct., 1598.
Endorsed :—“The Maior of Bullen.”
1 p. (65. 20.)
William Jackson to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 18. Details proceedings connected with the election of the Mayor of Newcastle, and the detention by Henry Sanderson of Essex's letters upon the matter. Encloses letters from Sanderson.—18 Oct. 1598.
Holograph. Endorsed :— “C. Jackeson.”
1 p. (65. 5.)
Sir Arthur Throckmorton to the Privy Council.
1598. Oct. 18. In answer to theirs of the 5th, about the punishment of the late mutineers at Tocester. He received the said persons from the Mayor of Chester on the 16th, and he and Sir George Farmer punished them by the shame of standing upon the pillory, with papers over their heads declaring the nature and naughtiness of their faults, upon St. Luke's day last, which was the fair day. Seeing their penitence, they have returned them to the Mayor of Chester, to be delivered to the chief commander of the companies there, to be employed as before in the Queen's service. He has also, according to the Council's command, given out warrants for a diligent watch to be set and search to be made for the apprehension of all runaways, and such as shall go about to escape from their conductor.—Paulerspury Lodge, 18 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 6.)
Sir Thomas Leighton to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 19. I heartily rejoice to understand of your return to the Court, and reconciliation to her Majesty. I have no other intelligence other than that in Spain and Portugal there is generally a very great want of corn : so as if the ships of France, Britain and other parts be kept from carrying of corn into those parts this year, the Spaniard is like to sustain great famine. Shortly we expect the return of the St. Mallos fleet which is in Spain, and then I shall be able to write some particulars of the state of matters there.—Guernsey, 19 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 7.)
Sir Thomas Leighton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 20. Explains delay in writing, through contrary winds. Great scarcity of corn in Spain and Portugal, &c. (as in preceding letter).—Guernsey, 20 Oct., 1598.
Holograph.
1 p. (65. 8.)
66 (Colvill) to Amen (Reynolds).
1598, Oct. 20. After I have in all humility thanked 60 (my lord) for his last comfort, I desire to know if all mine be come to your hands, chiefly that wherein was the “recueill” of the amity betwixt 70 (France) and 71 (Scotland).
Now escaping a great danger at Cambrey (whereof I have written and of other matters at length to Mr. Hoodsone) I am come here to 76 (Calais) for two causes, (leaving behind me at Paris such “guette” as will see what Celo (Bishop of Glasgow) doth), the first cause being to know what “Dalyip” (Spanye) has done here, by one with him called “qzccpe” (Forret), (who has continued honest ever since I did first acquaint him with “sveit” (Mr. Secretary), and who I do think or now be recommended by some others to 60 (my lord) ). This person giving you for sign this word, Amen, please you address him, but very secretly, to 60 (my lord), unto whom I hope he will declare all the secret that the party carried with him either to Paris or Brussels. In conference with him let him be demanded, first, what was done in Paris : next, why they “gaid” to Brussels : thirdly, what words 43 (the K. of Scots) did send to 60 (my lord) and what meaning 43 (the K. of Scots) had therein : last, how and by whom 43 (the K. of Scots) minds to work this monstrous greatness that he aspires unto : and 60 (my lord) using him according to his natural prudence and courtesy, he shall find good stuff in the man, and in one “bord” he shall not only be able to show what is done at this time by the party aforesaid and others, but as things shall proceed hereafter in 71 (Scotland), he shall be able to inform specially what “hodie” (the D. of Lennox) shall do when he shall be imployed, whom he has promised to me to “dress” to 60 (my lord) his effect. Let him therefore, I pray you, be “imbrasit,” for of his estate there is none of 71 (Scotland) that either can or will be more apt for your service, and above all let his name only be to 60 (my lord) self, or else he will be undone.
The other cause of my hithercoming is to discover a great matter touching 74 (the Low Countries) (I mean of your friends in England), which is promised to me within 8 days, and if I find it such as is worthy of 60 (my lord), I will bring it over myself. Some other matters I have written to Mr. Hoodsone which he will impart; but this of “qzccp” (Forret), I pray you again, let be only to 60 (my lord) and such as he thinks fit.
By these advertisements, and many more from credible places, may be seen the intentions of 43 (the King of Scots) principiis obstandum, and the same necessity that did urge to prevent the lurking treason of his mother will urge the like necessity to defeat his public machinations, and whenever that time shall be there found convenient, 66 (I) shall, God willing, show a mean to give him other matter to think upon, amicus Plato amicusque Socrates, magis amica veritas.
Thus after humble kissing of 60 (my lord's) hands, I beseech the Lord preserve 4 (her Majesty) and all their faithful friends.—From 76 (Calais), the 20 Oct., 1598.
Your own to serve you, 66.
Endorsed :—“Mr. Colvill.”
2 pp. (65. 9.)
The explanations of the ciphers, given above in parentheses, are in the handwriting of Essex's secretary.
Richard [Vaughan,] Bishop of Chester, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 20. Reporting the conversion according to statute, on the 20th October, 1598, of the bearer, Edward Langtree, of Langtree, esquire, to the Church of England. His example is likely to be useful.—This xxth of October, 1598.
Signed. Seal.
¾ p. (177. 21.)
James Digges to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 20/30. Since my former advertisements sent by Mr. John Brooke, and general propositions of some new serviceable inventions military, by the ordinary post, nothing of importance hath occurred till now. His Excellency hath been lodged upon the embouchement of three notable streams at the isle of Seven-trye in Gelderland ward, the enemy near Rheneberke, on both sides the river of Rhene, where they have remained near 40 days on the frontiers of the land of Cleve, without more performed than usual incursions of the soldiery, notwithstanding some towns and forts assailed, surprised and yielded to the enemy's devotion, almost within the report of cannon, as partly appeareth by my rude memories scribbled in haste, and more largely by my other advertisements sent unto Mr. Smith, clerk of the Council. (Since writing hereof, his Excellency hath most honourably broken the ice and given the enemy the first blow, to the great encouragement of his own forces, and damping the enemy's army, only the night before the date hereof. I will write at more length to Mr. Smith, for at present the reports differ.)
Upon the Archduke Albert's secret departure from Brussels to consummate the concluded marriage with the Infanta Aisnée of Spain, the death of the King hath been publicly reported in the enemy's own camp, but no certainty yet known thereof; nor is the truth like to be known before his Altesse's return, which is promised before the end of May next. He has left Don Francisco de Mendosa, the Admirante of Aragon, his kinsman of the blood royal, governor of the disjoined provinces and his lieutenant general of the assembled army; Count Frederick, that gave up the house of Linge, his vicegerent or colonel of Infantry, with order that the forces of infantry and cavalry—convenient garrison for the towns excepted—should speedily pass the Meuse, Waal and Rhine, and march to the frontiers of Gelderland, Friesland, and the parts over Isel. Performed now 2 months since immediately after the 20 of August, encamping ut supra; strong of infantry 24,000, of cavalry 4,000. The forts and towns ensuing have rendered within these 30 days (Ursawe excepted), by condition or force. Ursawe, a neuter town, Alpin, a castle and fort appertaining to the Countess of Meures, the sconce and town of Rhineberke, the town and castle of Meures. Wezell, Burike, Zantum, Rays, Embrike, Flusden, other towns, fortresses and holds are threatened if they render not upon conditions proposed. Six thousand horse and foot have passed the Rhene and Lipp to terrify them, and lately set down before Wezell. It is reported that Wezell, Burik, and Zantum have yielded to pay the enemies' camp great sums of money, and to furnish them with corn, victuals, and other necessaries for the army, and that Burik hath received two campanies of foot and one troop of horse into the town. But the rumour is divers, and there is yet no certainty thereof. The further particularities of the premises, and of the King's donation of the 17 provinces and the Duchy of Burgundy with the Infanta in frank marriage, shall be related by Mr. Smith.
The enemy expecteth the freezing up of the Yssel and other rivers to pass into the Vellue, Bettowe, and other parts over Isell, to threaten our camp, Skinke his sconce, the Toulehouse, Numigen and the sconces there. His Excellency daily expects the enemy's passage over the Lipp, and I see not how his Excellency is to make head against the forces of the enemy when the rivers and dikes are frozen to the bottom (as usually happens once a year), without new levies from these parts, greater aid out of England, or assistance, which is not likely to be forthcoming, from the Duchy of Cleves. The report of the Duke's death, which has been prevalent these 15 days, is now given out for a policy used by the States of Cleve, who have acted without his knowledge in submitting to the enemy, being for the most part believed to be pensioners unto the King of Spain. The report of his Altesse's return to Brussels is thought to have been bruited abroad to stay the Spaniards from mutinying for want of pay. Before his departure, he pacified three dangerous mutinies in Flanders, Brabant and Artois, and now the soldiers at the Castle of Antwerp and at Leyre, as also some bands of Spaniards and Italians at the camp, have followed the example upon hope of like contentment.
The States of Cleveland, since the Duke's sudden death, have importuned the States to receive them into perpetual league of amity, offering his Excellency 4,000 foot and 2,000 horse. But as they are for the most part Papists, holding for a maxim, Quod fides non est servanda cum hereticis, the States distrust them, and nothing is concluded yet.
Upon the assembly of the Low Countries' army at the Toule-house and about Skinke his sconce, the enemy practised by some treacherous Papists in Breda and St. Gertrudenberg to have those towns delivered into his hands. The treason was discovered, and the traitors being drawn on in policy to open acts, were apprehended, conveyed to the Hague and executed about a month since.
When the enemy crossed the Lipp, intending to besiege Rays and Anhault, his Excellency caused the shipping which was at Skink his sconce to fall down to the island. The Scots regiment was ready to guard Dewsbrough ward; part of the Frieses, if need were, were to go to the frontiers of Friesland; the English, Hollanders, Zealanders and some ships of war were to expect the enemy at the island, Skinke his sconce, and the Toulehouse.
Divers spies have been taken in our camp. Amongst those sent to the enemy's camp, the bearer, a gentleman of good name in Ireland, hath brought intelligence of no small importance. He should be examined with an Irish interpreter, being unable to utter his mind in other language than his own. He has served a year among the Irish and English fugitives and can open their intentions to stir up tumults in Ireland. Many notable traitors are returning from the enemy's camp through France, Denmark, Scotland, the Orcades and Scottish Irish to Tyrone's army. Some he could reclaim, others he could draw on by special stratagem till they were taken prisoners or have their throats cut. After his examination, he might be sent back again with such entertainment out of the cheques of the weakest bands of Flushing and Brill, as he may be able to travel into the neuter towns; and should be empowered, under her Majesty's hand or yours, to offer life and employment according to their deserts to such as he shall reclaim.
His Excellency hath heard that the Emperor's army is in Hungary 30,000 strong, expecting the Turks' forces for the reprise of Rahab surprised by the Christians this last winter. There is no certain intelligence of any preparation by the Turk against Austria or any part of Germany this year.—From the camp at the Isle of Seventry in Gelderland ward, this 30th of October, 1598, Stilo novo.
P.S.—English gold coins are now more plentiful here, even in the enemy's camp, than they were under the government of the Earl of Leicester, when her Highness sent over above 120,000 pounds yearly, besides the sums transported by noblemen and other private persons. If this unlawful transport continues, all the treasure of England will be drawn forth by greedy merchants, finding more gain thereby than they can make by honest traffic.
Holograph.
3 pp. (177. 138.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 21. Hither is this day arrived one John Parkinges of Stonehouse, that was one of those lately taken by the Spaniard, who in Fahey was pilot. He delivered me this enclosed to be sent to your Lordship. He reports that at the Groyn there are 14 of the King's ships, and in the town and country thereabouts 4,000 soldiers. There are now built 30 sail of ships, the which are all ready, and ten of them appointed to go in this fleet, which, they say, is to go into England with 13,000 soldiers. That at Bayoun and at Veyuna doth lie the greatest number of ships that are appointed for this purpose. At St. Anderes there lieth 6 galleys ready always, but they are for the guard of the coast.
The young king hath appointed to be crowned in Lisbon. More he cannot report, save that when he was first taken he was examined by Don Diego what fleet they was making ready in England; what ships the Queen had in Plymouth; what soldiers there was; what strength the place was of, and many other questions unto like effect.
A pinnace of mine that helped to carry the soldiers into Ireland, is returned, by the which I received this letter enclosed also. But to hear how miserably all things doth stand there, ought to grieve the heart of any honest man. Amongst others these other things are particularly noted : the Council divided amongst themselves and distracted; the soldiers and captains miserably poor and extremely discouraged; the lords and commonalty of the country all either gone unto the enemy or upon terms of going.
Holograph. Seal.
Endorsed :—“Dated at Plimouth the 21 of October.”
1 p. (177. 122.)
John Thorowgood to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 21. Offers terms of lease for Cecil's woods at Hoddesdonbury (Herts).—London, 21 Oct., 1598.
1 p. (204. 104.)
Dr. Henry Cotton, Bishop elect of Salisbury, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 22. “As touching Sir Walter Rawghly, whose case your letters do commend to me, as his most friendly carriage in this cause, by not pressing me by any indirect means, but leaving me free to myself, deserves no ungrateful requital again, so I have upon so short conference as I had with him, satisfied the honourable gentleman, I trust, to his content, which I hope he has certified to you already.” Craves Cecil's favour in the despatch of the rest of his business. Rawghly promised him to solicit Cecil to be a mean to the Queen that he might keep his benefice of Meanstoake in Hampshire in commendam for a time, the bishopric being bare and devoid of all provision of grain which he craves Cecil to effect for him.—22 Oct.
Signed. Endorsed : “'98, Dr. Cotton.”
1 p. (65. 11.)
Sir Henry Lee to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 22. My mind hath long striven with age, but no remedy. Yield I must. The weakness I find in my feet calleth for rest, the weakness of my estate for removal of charges; but, hoary and halt as I am, my spirits are warmed by the report of the care you took for her Majesty's safety. The true mind I have ever seen in Sir John Fortescue maketh me wish the common report true for his advancement. A man more devoted to her Majesty she shall never find, nor any that will deal more conscionably with her subjects, and of such a one there is most need.—From Quaryngton, the 22 of October.
Holograph. Endorsed : 1598.
pp. (177. 123.)
T. Lord Buckhurst to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 23. According to your desire I send you herein-closed the writing exhibited to her Majesty touching the sea coals at Newcastle. Whereupon the party that delivered the same did offer to her Majesty £1,500 yearly, by advising her Majesty to set a tax of 3s. 4d. or 5s. upon a chaldron. Your lordship, if it please you, may give them of Newcastle the same writing, and they to answer the same if they can object any good matter why her Majesty should not raise so much or more, if more conveniently may be raised, her Majesty having so great charges as your lordship knows she has.—23 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 12.)
George Gilpin to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 23. My last I sent by Captain Prin, and having since understood that the ship wherein he went was, by reason of a leak, cast away between Flushing and Sluys, I thought it convenient to send herewith the duplicate. [See 13 Oct.]
The town of Wesell hath since agreed with the Admirante, furnishing him with 150,000 gildrens and 1,000 measures of corn, and besides to make him a bridge over the river of the Lippe. Xanten paid him 18,000 crowns, Moeurs and Alpen proportionally to their power, and others accordingly, ere he would quit them. Some the soldiers spoiled. He passed the Lippe and sent Count Frederick van den Bergh, with 5 regiments of foot and certain horse, towards Buckholt, where they also got some money and free passage. The Admirante himself with the rest of his troops kept along the Rhine side unto Bislick, making show as if he meant to attempt somewhat upon his Excelleny's camp, or to go to Dewtacum or Deesborgh, but he goes so leisurely that it is thought he has designs on Linghen. His Excellency continueth at one place and fortifieth it daily. If the enemy divide himself or go to any town on the Ysell, the meaning is to annoy him as much as possible. To continue long before any place it will trouble him much to be provided of necessaries.
Even at this instant news are come that the Count Frederick was returned with all the forces he had with him, being joined with the Admirante. They have forced those of Rhees to agree with them, and to receive 2 companies of foot and so many of horse, meaning to make it a retreat and storehouse for their army. Thus doth the enemy come nearer and nearer, leaving no strength behind him which may serve his turn. This keeps his Excellency's camp in continual alarms. The Count van der Lippe, as general of the nether circle, or “Creyts” as they term it, hath sent to the Admirante about the disorderous courses held by him and his, and that he would presently remedy it and remove from the countries subject to the Empire. He answered that he was commanded to follow the rebels of the king, but would take order for no harm to be done to neutrals. With this the said Count's deputies came to his Excellency complaining and requiring the like. To which was said that the enemy was cause of all, who sought to possess all and root out religion. The enemy had taken and kept divers towns in the Empire, murdered noblemen, and spoiled the people, with many other insolencies. The States, for the defence of themselves, could not do less than seek to annoy their enemies, yet with due regard to their friends. The States are busied to see what will come from the Provinces about the contributions. Sir Francis Vere is very much wished for to assist his Excellency. The people here repose a very great trust in Sir Francis.—From the Hague this 23 of Oct., 1598.
Signed.
3 pp. (177. 125.)
Sir Edward Norreys to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 24. We do not hear of any enemy about us, neither do the Provinces on this side think ever to be troubled again with any war. Only they make great provision of money to hold the army on the coasts of Holland. They assure themselves to be able next year to make two great camps, and therewith bring Holland to as miserable an estate as ever it was when first they asked her Majesty's help. In truth, considering the state of things, I think the last refuge will be to you to request you to take the cause in hand (I hope with better success) as they did to my Lord of Leicester, and I could wish that you did already begin to advise of it, for it must come to some such end, or else they will be lost and her Majesty greatly dishonoured. Neither do I think that we can at home be so charmed as to imagine that the enemy can be withstood with the ordinary means that Holland and Zealand can yield. This I write rather to grieve that I am not blind with the multitude, than that I think you do not sufficiently see into it.
I humbly recommend to your lordship the clothes due to this garrison, who suffer affliction enough to be cast out of her Majesty's pay without losing that which is due. I would also put you in mind of your promise touching my aged father when any councillors shall be named. Please you also to think of the suit in my last letter, whereof I have written to Mr. Smith to put your lordship in mind.—From Ostend, this 24 of Oct., 1598.
Holograph.
3 pp. (177. 126.)
Richard Rathburne, Mayor, and twenty-two others, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 25. They acknowledge the benefits their poor decayed city received from Lord Burghley. Thank Cecil for his furtherance of their late suit, prosecuted by Mr. Lloyde, for renewing the licence to transport from over seas hence calveskins.—Chester, 25 Oct., 1598.
Signed. Endorsed :—“Mayor and aldermen of Chester.”
1 p. (65. 15.)
Henry [Robinson], Bishop of Carlisle, to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 25. I have received very honourable and friendly speeches of my Lord of Buckhurst. He saw the statute for the choice of the Provost of Queen's College, wherein the fellows are bound, after receiving the sacrament, to swear that they shall choose one of their society whom they shall in their own consciences think to be most fit for that room. He hath willed me to send him that branch of the statute subscribed with my hand, and hath promised to entreat her Majesty, when I shall resign, to commend unto the choice of the company a person eligible by the Statute. Afterwards I went to my lord of Canterbury, whom I found very honourably affected for the furthering of any person whom your lordship shall commend to my place, upon some speech which your lordship had with him at his last being, as I think, at the Court. I am persuaded that both by the laws of the Realm and the statutes of the College I may keep my place as long as I live. Notwithstanding, whensoever by your lordship's favour the company may be at liberty to make choice of him whom in conscience they think most fit for the place, I will, upon the first notice thereof from your lordship, willingly resign. Until that time, I trust through your honourable favour I shall be permitted that which justice and law do allow.—October the 25, 1598.
Signed.
1 p. (177. 128.)
Thomas Ferrers. News from Stod and Hamburg of the 25 Octo., '98.
1598, Oct. 25. As there is lying three of the States' ships in the river of Hamburgh, so is there ready laden 23 sail of Hamburghers, with great store of corn, gunpowder, calivers, copper, cordage and other munitions for war intended for Spain and Portugal. The Hamburghers were under sail and had made account to have proceeded on their voyage, but, perceiving the States' ships yet lying below in the river, struck sail, not daring to go any lower. It is reported in Hamburgh that Duke Charles hath taken the King of Sweden prisoner, with many of his followers, amongst whom were divers Jesuits. It is also there reported for certain that the Christians have taken within a short time from the Turk 10 holds and castles, and amongst them, by name, Offen and Pesth.
The Emperor's officer called the Fiscal hath lately again written a letter to the town of Stod, warning them not to receive any goods out of England contrary to the Emperor's mandate. The Burgomaster writeth me they will answer fair enough, notwithstanding they do receive all goods and suffer all goods to be reladen from thence. The 25th last, Richard Harris is come full laden from thence and is arrived at Harwich three days past. The town of Lubeck have sent to Stod and made protest against them for receiving in English goods.
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1 p. (177. 130.)
Henry, Lord Cobham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 26. I send enclosed the examination of Richard Yeaxlye, who was stayed by the Commissioners of Dover and sent up unto me because he refused to take the oath of supremacy. This confession he has made before me and put his name unto it. His abode has been most at Antwerp and Brussels. Bening-field, the pensioner, has been with me to have him discharged, but when I told him that I marvelled why he would speak for him that refused to take the oath of supremacy, he was somewhat amazed, and prayed me not to mistake him, for he was ignorant of that, and seeing that he had done so he would no more meddle nor make with me. I pray you that the poor man that brought him up may be paid for his charges.—Blackfriars, 26 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 16.)
Sir John Peyton to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 26. The party of whom you write was long time before my coming unto this place attending on young Desmond, since which time he has served in France, and returning from thence about some four months since, had recourse unto young Desmond, whereof I, taking notice, gave order to the warders to restrain him from access in the Tower in regard of his nation, and for that he had followed the wars I hold him the more dangerous. I will according to your command endeavour his apprehension.—From the Tower, 26 Oct., 1598.
P.S.—The said Powre has a brother attending on my lord of Essex.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Lieutenant of the Tower.”
1 p. (65. 17.)
Mons. de Boissize to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 26. Je n'ay point de paroles suffisantes pour vous dignement remercier de votre grace, que je prise plus que toute autre chose de ce monde. Vous aves, Monsieur, beaucoup mieus exprime ma conception a sa Majeste Serenissime que moy mesme. Car a la verite je ne croi point que rien jamais ait este si acompli en toute espece de vertu. C' est de quoi je me tiens le plus heureus qui vive, de servir pres de sa dite Majeste, et si en ceste charge je lui puis rendre quelque preuve de mon humble devotion je n'envie rien au plus grands du siecle. Je sais la bonte incomparable de ceste Princesse, toutesfois sans votre entremise je n'eusse pas ose me permettre tant de faveur. Je me rendrai pres de sa Majeste Serenissime quand il lui plaira, pour lui protester de plus en plus laffection du Roy mon Maitre et mon tres humble service. Dieu lui face la grace de bien pourvoir a la guerre d'Irelande, car je porte avec regret incroiable de veoir son repos altere par ces rebelles. La caison [? saison] ne fut jamis meillieur, avant que ce nouveau Roy ait bien repris les menees de son pere. La main, le stile et le discours me font rougir, reconnoissant combien nous autres francois sommes inferieurs a vous, qui estes si acoustumes a vaincre, que je n' en contestrai point davantage.—Londres, 26 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed :—“Monsr. de Boissize, 26 Oct., '98.”
3 pp. (65. 18.)
Jo. Croke to Sir Gelly Meyrick.
1598, Oct. 28. Prays him to further the suit of this gentleman, Mr. Henry Deane, his kinsman, for employment in the Irish service. He desires to go with the first that are now to be sent.—28 Oct., 1598.
Holograph.
Note at foot from Sir Gelly Meyrick to Mr. Reynolds, saying he has received this letter from Mr. Recorder, and praying Reynolds to further him. He is a follower to Sir Richard Bingham.
1 p. (65. 21.)
Henry, Lord Cobham to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 28. From Dover this bearer Hutton was sent me, who being offered the oath of supremacy refused it not, yet ever since his going over he has been altogether conversant in the seminary at Douay. He was born in Lincolnshire, a bachelor of art in Oxford. To me he offers service to return to advertise me of all thoughts which shall pass there, for which service of his he does ask £20 a year. These two letters he brought with him, one of them to Wheeler, a “glodsmith” in Cheapside, at the sign of the “Whit Greatward,” the other to one William Collier, who the last year was brought unto me from Sandwich, and by you referred to the examination of Mr. Wad, who found small cause to stay him, and so was discharged. From me he had a letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury to have him placed in Oxford that he might follow his study, for that he pretended to be his desire. Since, I know that within these 8 days he is stolen over, and carried with him one Bennet, a youth, to the College of Douay. This Collier took the oath of supremacy, so that I imagine there is small cause to give a credit to those that wholly converse with the seminaries, though they take the oath, as I conceive there is some mystery in the letter to Collier, and a mean to know how letters be conveyed, for he directs him to a brother of his that is in “near gatt.” My opinion is he would be better examined. I refer to your better opinion. He tells me that he is very well acquainted with my Lo : Sheffield at Douay. He says it was reported that my lord was become a Catholic, and for that cause gave up the government of Brille. These two letters come from one Swyfte, a scholar in Douay.—Blackfriars, 28 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 22.)
John Moket, mayor, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 28. Your letters of the 26th inst. I received this evening and forthwith called before me the owners of such shipping as are here in any readiness for the service mentioned, and dealt with them for the freight of their ships, mariners, wages and victual to perform that service. I found them willing to serve her Majesty for the accustomed wages, or else to take 12 for every soldier which they transport. The ships I have stayed, and will have care that they be in readiness, and have left the course to be taken with them for their wages to your further direction. I have cast up a rate for the victualling of the 400 soldiers for 14 days, and by my computation the charge will amount to £190 at the least. The certainty what it will come to I know not, but I will use my best endeavour to procure it in the most reasonable sort. By reason that most part of the shipping on this town are at sea, it may please you, for the better furnishing of sufficient mariners and pilots, to send a warrant for the “presting” of fit men dwelling near to this place, for I doubt there will not be mariners and pilots enough found in this town to perform the service. The charge of the premises, which will amount near unto £400, I am altogether unprovided at this instant to disburse; therefore I pray you to take order for the satisfying thereof here in the country, without which I am not able to accomplish the service required at my hands.—Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, 28 Oct., 1598
Holograph.
Endorsed :
“Post hast hast with all speede.
From Waymouth the 28 of October att 11 in the eveninge by the post of Sherborne.
Receved the packet past 8 in the morninge.
Reseved at Sarum at 12 of the clocke the 29 of October.
Rd. at Andever half hower past 4 in the afternowne being Sonday.
Rd. at Basingestoke at 8 of cloke at nite the 29th.
Recd. at Stans at 5 in the morning.”
1 p. (65. 23.)
H. Allington to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 28. He does not know at present of a sufficient person to perform the survey of Cecil's manor of Essingden (Rutland), but if Cecil will defer it till this term be ended, he doubts not but to get it perfectly done.—Tynwell, 28 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 24.)
Richard Rathburne, Mayor, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 28. I received by post your letter, and thereinclosed a letter to the Treasurer of Ireland or his deputies, commanding me to deliver the same to Charles Huet, if he were not embarked before : and very “maintenant,” within one hour, hearing of the coming hither of Huet, I sent the letter to him by my serjeant at peace, and caused him to show to Huet your letter, who thereupon presently received the other letter to the Treasurer.—Chester, 28 Oct., 1598.
Signed.
1 p. (65. 25.)
Captain Richard Cuny to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 28. I am enforced to be tedious to make an unfortunate action known to you. I would have written at the first, but I know evil news flieth too fast. Of late I have heard that your lordship has been informed that myself and some others should play the cowards, which is a thing I never thought of, but rather expected, with the rest of the captains, to have had thanks in saving so many from the sword [There was brought off 2,300, whereof 6 or 700 threw away their arms cowardly before the retreat was made—Margin] : but I assure your lordship, had they gone on, there had none escaped but by running (which is very hard in this country to do) by reason the vanguard marched away so fast, and neither regarded the battle, where Sir Thomas Maria Wingfeild, with his regiment, was left pulling onto the artillery, which was bogged and mightily beaten upon with loose shot, nor the rearguard, which was also forced with horse and foot, and like to have been broken once or twice. Myself had the vanguard of the rear and should have joined with them, but that I was so vehemently charged with shot, as the captains of my regiment can well witness, that we had much ado in keeping it from breaking. And with a mean time the rear had like to have been cut in pieces but that I relieved them by charging with the horse and with my regiment coming up to them. By this time the enemy had spent all their munition in the rear, and likewise had we. I did imagine they were gone to fetch more powder that they suffered us to march so quiet towards the battle, where I found Sir Thomas Maria Wingfeild making a stand for us. In which time he heard the Marshal was slain, and his regiment and Sir Richard Pearcie's were defeated; for so Sir Thomas assured me. But it fell not out so, for the Marshal's regiment was not broken, but Sir Richard Pearcie's only, but that was more than I knew. Whereupon we presently considered to make our retreat to Armagh [Armagh was little more than an English mile from the place—Margin], where I gave order for Captain Billins with his regiment and 60 horse which had the rear with me to make good a ford where I did expect (when they had supplied themselves with munition), they would charge us with the like force they did before in our retreat. My reason was that our soldiers were so possessed with the fear that it is hard to believe unless your lordship had seen it, besides our unfortunate chance of our powder taking fire in all places that we had none to supply our men withal, which was a great disadvantage and made us the rather retreat. For if they had charged us like men of war, I think none of us should have lived to be called in question. Sir Thomas Maria Wingfeild at that bog made a stand to relieve Captain Cosbie with those that were left of the two regiments which we heard were broken, for Sir Thomas had charged Captain Cosbie upon his allegiance to make good the retreat in the rear of him; for that was his place by order of march and had been an indignity to have taken it from him. [Sir Thomas Maria Wingfield undertook with Cosbie's regiment and the vii score horse under Captain Montague that were appointed for the vanguard : myself, myself took charge of the place that was appointed me by the Marshal that was the rear ward—Margin]. But he went backward contrary to his direction, his regiment broke and himself taken prisoner. What his reason was I cannot certify your lordship till I speak with him; but had the vanguard and his second kept together, they should not have been broken but by some great disorder. I cannot accuse any captain, but the common soldier so possessed with fear, that when their leaders would have made them stand, they ran over them and trod them in the bog, where some captains were found, and the enemy doth report the same.
And now returning to our retreat, I marching very easily after Billins [my reason why I came in rear of him a good distance and knowing the ground before, if they should have charged him at the ford, I could have got between them and their fastness and so have come to the push of the pike, but in the mean time Sir Thomas called me with my regiment back again—Margin], expecting a new charge in our retreat, Sir Thomas Maria Wing-feild came after me and bade me return back again with him to the bog, for that Cosbie with his regiment came not to him as he gave direction, and told me that he sent Captain Montague with the horse to bring him off, and so with my regiment I returned back with him. In which time Cosbie's regiment was broken, and Montague seeing those that escaped running, some with their ensign and some to save themselves, brought them off. There was by computation saved of those three regiments 6 or 700; for some were come off before, which every man know (that know this country service) they might better have saved themselves by orderly coming off than by running, and have lost not a man other than by chance of bullet, as other regiments lost. And these broken companies coming in upon our retreat towards Armagh, we saw Captain Billinges his regiment far beyond the place he was appointed, whom we supposed to be the rebels. And being demanded why he went further than his directions, he saith that a corporal of the field brought him word. But the corporal knows not from whom he had that direction. We had in our army 1,500 of new supplies who were never trained, their pieces most unserviceable. [700 of these supplies were sent to me. I wrote unto the Lords Justices that they were inserviceable and that I had no powder to train them, and craved allowance to amend their arms, for they were put under no captains. But I had no answer from their Lordships, and upon the march they were assigned to captains. Then there was no means to amend their furnitures—Margin.] The Marshal himself always believing that the rebels would never fight with him, and the disorderly march of the vanguard, were our overthrow. Some impute it to our over many regiments, but in my poor judgment, if you had seen it, you had not disallowed of it. For we were always to make but three bodies. The Marshal had Sir Richard Pearce for his second, who was to join together upon any occasion, and so that daily order of march. Sir Richard Pearce had the vanguard of the Marshal's regiment, and was broken before the Marshal's regiment did second him. [Had the vanguard followed the direction which he gave himself, and have made good the first entertained skirmish, all the battle and the rear had come up to them and used our field pieces, which stood us in no stead because they were not used, as he himself assured us he would, we had done that we came for—Margin.] For the rest that happened, concerning the going up the Black-water and our coming from thence, your Lordship hath heard. I remember in my time Sir John Norreys' forces in Brittany were defeated twice, and none escaped at either time but either taken prisoner or by flight. And yet I never heard they were called in question, or reputed cowards. There was never army defeated but there was some error committed. After men had slept, every man could have told to have prevented it, but at that present with us I heard no captain find fault with it. I have followed your lordship for 14 years, and never been known for a coward. One fault I have had of late, to be discontented with small occasions, but he is an unfortunate man that must answer for an overthrow. I hear that Sir Samuel Bagnall should say unto her Majesty that we was all cowards that were left alive. I think it were to put the blame from his kinsman. I am not used to write, but the very grief of my soul constraineth me.—Dublin, the 28 of Oct., 1598. Signed.
pp. (177. 131.)
Capt. Richard Cuny to Edward Reynolds.
1598, Oct. 28. I pray you present my letter to his lordship at a convenient time. There is one Lapleie, which came lately out of England, with a friar, that hath many friends and kindred in this town, and divers others “confedered” together to take the castle of Dublin to the traitor Tyrone's use. Of which as many as are apprehended, I think, this day shall be executed.—Dublin, this 28 of October, 1598.
Signed.
½ p. (177. 133.)
George Gilpin to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 28. I was glad to hear from Zealand of the escape of Captain Prin. The Admirante, after he was possessed of Rhees, did leave a far stronger garrison there than was promised, and hath dealt in like sort with those of Emmerick, the Spaniards having by force pressed into the town while he was signing the articles of agreement. He now disposeth of these after his own pleasure. He has not only forced them to make a bridge over a small river called the Helter, which lyeth between him and his Excellency, but also to repair three breaches cut into the dyke by the Count Hohenlo. The Admirante maketh manifest show that he meaneth to try his fortune against our camp. His Excellency did slack no time to fortify the same, and it is done so sufficiently with trenches well flanked and palisaded with stakes full of nails that he needs not care how soon they come. He has also drawn more companies out of the garrisons for the reinforcement of his camp. It is thought that the enemy, if he find the camp too hard, will leave most of his troops to keep his Excellency there, whilst with the rest he cause Doesbergh or Arnham to be attempted, so to get a footing into the Velen and to winter in those parts, and take the opportunity of any frost. To defend all quarters from his invasions is not in the power of the States, who will not have his Excellency venture himself. In furnishing him of necessaries they of Holland quit them well, but others are slow enough, being like to have so bad a neighbour all the winter. The princes of the empire do nothing more than send messages, suffering the poor people the while to be outraged.—From the Hague, this 28th of October, 1598.
P.S.—The enemy having staid at Eltam two days with all his forces, seeing his Excellency stirred not forth of his trenches, on the sudden took his course towards Deuticum, a place slenderly fortified but guarded with 4 good companies. He hath sent towards Doesburgh down the Isel 13 companies and three companies of horse, in good hope to hinder the enemy's attempts, especially if the weather grow moist and foul. It is since written that if the enemy went with all his forces to the siege and settled there, that his Excellency purposed also to remove with his utmost strength and leave the place he held now to the keeping of the Count of Hohenlo, with certain troops of horse and foot to hinder and cut off the passages between the place besieged and the Cleve towns possessed by the Admirante.
Signed. Seal.
2 pp. (177. 134.)
Henry Chapman to [the Earl of Essex].
1598, Oct. 28. There is a suit lately preferred for restraining the sale and transporting of sea coals from Newcastle-upon-Tyne to the parts beyond the seas, or else that a greater imposition may be taken of every chalder of coals that shall be so shipped or sold to transport; either of which would tend to the utter ruin and overthrow of that town, who hath no other means under God and her Majesty to avoid the said suit but your Honour. I am sent by the Mayor and burgesses of that town only for the avoiding of that suit. Upon Sunday last I delivered to your Honour a schedule with certain reasons on the behalf of our town, which about three years since was exhibited to the Lords of the Council, and upon Tuesday last I delivered to your Lordship a letter from the Lord Buckhurst enclosing certain reasons on behalf of the preferrer of the suit. Which reasons if it please you to deliver to me, I shall endeavour to answer.—This 28 of October 1598.
Holograph.
Endorsed :—“To speak to D. Smith to further Ca : Scobbeles petition which concerns me.”
¾ p. (177. 135.)
W. Waad to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 29. Yesternight receiving your letters, I repaired very early to the Gatehouse, and dealing with Power, I never found a more resolute countenance in any man nor more earnest protestations, oaths and execrations than he used in denial of his privity in any matter concerning Lapley, and so took his first examination. After, I wrought him to that confession which his second examination will declare. I see the hearts of those that are entangled in these villainous actions is so hardened, as they neither regard oaths nor to damn themselves to cover their villainous practices. This Power has a brother not long since come out of Ireland that serves my Lord Marshal. It were not amiss his lordship dealt with him, though this prisoner denies to have imparted anything to his brother hereof. I have given the keeper great charge of him. I spent four hours with him before I could bring him to confess anything, and as he was resolute before so he is now much dejected.—Charing Cross, 29 Oct., 1598.
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1 p. (65. 26.)
Matthew [Hutton], Archbishop of York, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 29. The 26th of this instant, I received your letters of the 21st of the same, with another from Mr. Edward Stanhope concerning Mr. George Brokes's desire to have the bestowing of the Archdeaconry of York. Which, because it is no prebend, neither any of those whereof he is to take his choice by the advowson, I gave the 15th of this month unto Mr. Christopher Gregory, an ancient bachelor in Divinity and a very learned Godly preacher. I did it the rather, because I understood by my chaplain above a quarter of a year ago that Mr. Stanhope could not obtain that the advowson granted to your Honour for the first prebend for Mr. Brooke, should be altered.—From York, the 29th of October, 1598.
Signed. Seal.
¾ p. (177. 136.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 30. Recommending the bearer, Mr. Lowman, for a company for Ireland. Details of Lowman's services.—London, 30 Oct., 1598.
Holograph.
1 p. (65. 10.)
Sir Robert Sydney to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 30. A recommendation similar to the preceding, for Mr. Sedley, of a good house in Norfolk, and, after his father, shall have a very good living. He hath followed the wars these many years, and hath been both ensign and lieutenant.—At London, the 30 of Oct., 1598.
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½ p. (177. 137.)
John Jefferey, Mayor of Southampton, to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 30. Your letters of the 26th I have received, concerning provision to be made for shipping and victual for 500 men to be transported for Ireland. The service shall be done in the best manner I may.
There is from this port transported much beer and leather under colour of service of the isles of Guernsey and Jersey, but carried into France. I dare boldly say 1,000 tuns of beer most years more than is carried thither to the islands : the quantities of leather much greater than can be spent in those islands if they had none at all of their own growing : two commodities that may ill be spared out of our country. The merchants that transport them would no doubt bend their minds and means to provide and carry over woollen cloth or some other merchandise instead, whereby both the Queen might receive custom, and the commonweal (in regard of the workmanship of many poor people) might be much advanced. It has not been forborne these very dear years, and, no doubt (except there be some speedy order taken therein, the quantity of beer that is transported daily, both from this port and other Western ports is so great) it will be an occasion of keeping up the prices of grain this year, whereof it has pleased God this year to afford us great bounty, in more plentiful manner than in many years before.
There is come to this port, to Poole, and so likewise to most of the Western ports, some good quantities of Newfoundland fish, both wet and dry, a victual of great importance, and yields much relief and comfort to the poor, being of no high price. The time of the year for spending thereof is not yet come, notwithstanding the greatest part thereof is already transported (and so is it from most of the Western ports) into France, and from thence much of the dry fish into Spain : so that it is very likely that there will be no fish in all our country left to keep Lent withal, except by your good means there be in time some very speedy restraint made thereof.
P.S.—For the avoiding of any ill opinion towards me, from such as these abuses may concern, and for some other causes, I beseech you to conceal my name.—Southampton, 30 Oct., 1598.
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pp. (65. 27.)
John Udale to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 30. If I shall not pester your Lordship too much, which I am assured I can never do for the grace and honour of this young Lord Herbert, vouchsafe merely to look upon him. Haply you will find him well worth the gracing-in your palace at least. I pray that we may hear that you are Master of the Wards, for then I shall hope that you will bestow a male or female upon me.—Wilton, this 30th of October.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed :—1598.
½ p. (177. 140.)
W., Earl of Bath to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. 31. I received your packet this present 31st of October (sic) at 4 in the afternoon, and therewith her Majesty's letters for levying of 400 men in this county of Devon, and their lordship's letters in like manner for the accomplishment of the same service, all which I intend to see affectually performed, albeit these 400, together with 300 more not above 5 weeks since sent out of this shire, will appear to be exceeding grievous to the country, which I hope my Lords will hereafter consider of. The most of the deputy lieutenants are now at the Court or about London, namely, Sir William Courtney, Sir George Cary, Mr. Seymour, and, I think, Sir Thomas Dennys also : which, considering the haste of the service and largeness of the country, may be an occasion that the service will be longer ere it be finished, unless it may please you to be a mean to send them away with speed.—Towstocke, 31 Nov. (sic) 1598.
Signed. Endorsed : 31 Nov., 1598.
1 p. (66. 8.)
Charles Percy to the Earl of Essex.
1598, Oct. 31. Be mindful of me of that company for the which I have your promise.—From the Hague this last of October.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed :—1598.
½ p. (177. 141).
Herbert Croft to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. It will be “Allhollantide” before he can see the Court, about which time the judges yearly meet in the Exchequer Chamber to deliver up the names to the Lord Keeper for the choice of Sheriffs. Begs Cecil's interest to get him spared from that office.—Undated.
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Endorsed :—“Oct. 1588.”
1 p. (65. 28.)
“E” [Earl of Essex], to the Queen.
1598, Oct. Since I cannot go up to solicit your Majesty by speech, I must in this paper put your Majesty in mind that you have denied me an office which one of my fellows so lately and so long enjoyed, besides many things else, and which never any of your Majesty's ancestors did take into their own hands. If, therefore, your Majesty give it not at all, the world may judge, and I must believe, that you overthrow the office because I should not be the officer. If you give it to any other of what quality soever I must say—O! infelix virtus, quam tu levis umbra et nudum tantum nomen es : Nam cum ego te semper coluerim, tu fortune servieras.
Therefore if your Majesty value me as you would do any man that had done you half that service, think again of the suit of your Majesty's humblest servant.—Undated.
A draft in the handwriting of Essex's secretary.
Endorsed :—“My L. to her Mat : Oct. '98.”
1 p. (65. 29.)
Captain He. Malbie to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. Describes the distressed state of himself, his wife and children, and prays for present relief. If the time serves not, begs Cecil to “call from Mr. Smith for my letter testimonial,” and “to be a tender of so much as you shall see cause and have liking.”—Undated.
Holograph.
Endorsed :—“Oct., 1598.”
1 p. (65. 30.)
Captain He. Malbie to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. To the same effect as the preceding.—Undated.
Holograph.
Endorsed :—“Oct., 1598.”
1 p. (65. 31.)
Martyn Whyte, mayor, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and Chr. Harris to Sir Robert Cecil.
1598, Oct. They have received Cecil's of the 26th inst., for providing of ships and victuals to transport five or six hundred soldiers for Ireland, and have taken order for the accomplishment of the contents thereof accordingly.—Undated.
Signed.
Endorsed :—“The mayor of Plymouth, &c., Oct. 1598.”
1 p. (65. 32.)
The Queen's Stables.
1598, Oct. A note of such horses as are in the stable.
Grey Poole.for her Maties saddell.
Black Wilford.
My La : Marquesse.
My La : Warwicke.
My La : Kyldare.
My La : Stafford.
My La : Gylforde.
My La : Skydamore.
A bay that my younge La : of Southampton rode.
Rone Howard for Mris Elzab : Russell.
White Howard for Mris Ansloe.
Grey Fytton for Mris Fytton.
Bay Compton for Mris Ratclif.
White Smythfyld for Mris Carye.
Bay Dormer for Mris Russell.
Grey Marcom for Mris Hyde.
Grey Bellowes.
Grey North.
Bay Ognoll.
Bay Egerton.
A bay of Sr Thomas Garrett's.
Bay Osborne.
2 colts of four and five year old.
the stoole horse.
A male horse.
Botell horses 3.
Dun Howard. A double gueldinge to be cast.
Grey Frome. to be cast.
Undated.
Endorsed in the handwriting of Reynolds, Essex's secretary :—“Gueldings in her Mats stable.—Octob. '98.”
1 p. (64. 101.)
Sir Edward Lyttelton.
1598, Oct. Mr. Vernon's exceptions to the accounts delivered by Sir Edward Lyttelton.
Endorsed;—“October, 1598.”
pp. (2307.)
Thomas Arundell to Lord Henry Howard.
1598, [Before Nov.] By your letter to my father I find your honourable care to advance the fortune of your friend and kinsman, who in his own humour doth more esteem a green close than a title. Though myself (like the astrologer who looking to the stars fell into the ditch) have just cause to curse all honours, yet, seeing an honour at this time given would not only heal the disgraces of my late troubles but might withal hap to draw on further favours, I cannot but rest thankful to you for so great a friendship, and because there is a certain disavowing expected of me as causa sine qua non to this proceeding, and Mr. Secretary judgeth that the suit will be frustrate unless he may say that “if her Majesty will assure this new quest all distasted claims shall be recanted,” I myself, as the echo of his voice, am ready to say and do the same. That verbal renouncing of taking any foreign title, which your Lordship speaks of, shall be by word promised and by deed performed. Though this letter be directed to your Lordship, yet the intent of it is to be manifested to Mr. Secretary, whose I am, totus et integer. I do avow to Mr. Secretary, to yourself and to the world, that no man is or shall be more humble and obedient to her Majesty's will, no man more loth to offend her, no man more willing to spend goods and life in her service than myself. Notwithstanding all this, here I live tormented with continual doubts of her displeasure, exiled from the presence of those life-giving eyes, and under the too near neighbourhood of a father who is content, with me his son, not only to follow but to exceed her Majesty's directions. Well! it becomes not me to complain of his strait proceedings.
Holograph. Endorsed :—1598.
Seal. 1 p. (67. 18.)