Cecil Papers
July-December 1569

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Institute of Historical Research

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1883

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414-459

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'Cecil Papers: July-December 1569', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 1: 1306-1571 (1883), pp. 414-459. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=111990 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July–December 1569

1311. Don John Mendoza to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, July 1.Renews his request for help to get back to his native country (Peru), the former letter having miscarried. Narrates the adventures through which he passed after falling in with an English merchant vessel out of its course, and in want of food, &c., which he befriended at his own great risk. Remembering the great kindness his father received from Henry VIII. during the 10 years he served him, the writer supplied from his own ship all the English sailors' wants. But fortune was adverse, for at the Azores, the first port they could reach, the inhabitants would not permit them to land till he had deceived them with a false story, and thus he obtained supplies. Reached Ireland without a réal after losing his ship. Has experienced great kindness from the Lord Deputy.—Dublin 1 July.
Spanish. 2½ pp.
1312. The Duke of Norfolk to the Earl of Murray.
1569, July 1.By your courteous letter I perceive you well affected for the advancement of your common weal and the uniting of this land, also your good mind towards me. You shall prove me industrious and not ungrateful for friendship so frankly offered. The rather I have occasion to employ myself for the just reward of your deserts, the sooner I shall think myself in nature, friendship, and conscience discharged of my obligation. Meantime, good my Lord, assure yourself you have not only purchased a faithful friend, but a natural brother, not less careful of your weal and surety than of his own honour and credit. To come to that you desire to be satisfied of, my marriage with the Queen, your sister, I must deal plainly with your lordship, as my only friend. I have proceeded so far therein as I with conscience can neither revoke that that I have done, nor never mean to go back from it; nor with honour proceed further till such time as you there shall remove all stumbling-blocks to our more apparent proceedings. Which when by you it shall be finished, upon my honour the rest shall follow to your contentment and comfort. My very earnest request is that you proceed with such expedition as the enemies (which will be no small number) to this good purpose, of uniting this land into one kingdom in time coming, and the maintenance of God's true religion, may not have opportunity, through delay given them, to hinder our pretensed determinations, against which there will be no practice by foreign princes omitted. For your ample satisfaction my lord Boyd hath commission by the Queen of Scots and by me to resolve you of all doubts. You shall not want the furtherance in this enterprise of the most part of the noblemen of this realm, whose faithful friendship in this cause and all other my actions I have to my contentment proved. Thus have I ventured to impart my secret determination, as to one whom I account to be fully assured of.—From my house in London 1 July.
P.S.—I have heard you have been in the North of Scotland, and doubt not you satisfied the request I made for the Bp. of Ross, and caused his servants to be obeyed of benefices. What is left undone I pray cause to be furthered. He has the Queen of England's letters to you to that effect.
In cipher, with contemporary decipher. [Haynes, p. 520. In extenso.]
pp.
Contemporary decipher of the preceding. ([The key to the cipher between Murray and Norfolk is at the Public Record Office, State Papers (Ciphers) Elizabeth, Vol. II., p 84.])
pp.
1313. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, July 5.Offers his services to the Queen's Majesty against “her unnaturall rebells and traitors in Munster” who are the strongest and most united that have been there for two hundred years. Petitions her Majesty to be allowed to raise a certain number of troops whom he promises to have at Bristol or Ilfracombe ready to embark by the end of the month, and so to take James Fitz-Morris unawares. From Southwark, 5 July 1569.
pp.
1314. Expenditure.
1569, July 9.Payments out of the Receipt by warrant of Privy Seal, 20 July 1568 to 9 July 1569. Among the items are\:—
The Great Wardrobe, 2996l. 6s. 3d.
The Jewel House, 2604l. 2s. 1d.
The Revels, 453l. 5s. 6d.
The Ambassador resident in France, 1187l. 7s.
Peter Richardson, goldsmith to the Guard, 498l. 2s. 4d.
Smith and Middleton, the Queen's embroiderers, 87l. 18s. 4d.
The Clerk of the cheque, for cloth for the Guard, &c., 228l. 13s. 6d.
The diets of the Queen of Scots, 2,500l.
The diets of the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Sussex, and Sir Ralph Sadler, about her causes, 918l.
The burial of the Lady Knollys, 640l. 2s. 11d.
The diets of the Lords in the Parliament house about the Scottish Queen's causes, 77l. 10s. 8d.
1 sheet.
1315. The Earl of Desmond to the Privy Council.
1569, July 25.Begs them to intercede with the Queen for some relief to him and his brother Sir John who greatly lack apparel and other necessaries and especially money.—From the Tower, 25 July 1569.
1 p.
1316. Settlements for the proposed Marriage of [Sir] Philip Sydney and Ann, daughter of Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, August 6.The value of the lands, 1140l. 3s. 2d.
On the part of Philip Sydney : £ s. d.
It is agreed that assurance shall be made and conveyed to the said P. S. and to his heirs, male and female, in possession and reversion, manors, lands, and tenements to the clear yearly value of 840 4 2
He shall have thereof in possession at the day of his marriage, to the use of him and A. C., and the heirs of their two bodies lawfully begotten, lands and tenements unto the clear yearly value of 400 marks, whereof the site and demesnes of the manor of Halden, in the county of Kent, shall be parcell 266 13 4
He shall have assured in reversion to him, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten after the decease of his father, lands and tenements to the clear yearly value of 147l. 16s. 7d., and after the decease of his mother the like estate of lands and tenements to the clear yearly value of 325l. 14s. 3d., in all 473 10 10
It is also agreed that after the decease of the father, the said A. C. shall have and enjoy for term of her life in augmentation of her jointure, lands and tenements to the clear yearly value of 66 13 4
It is agreed also that besides the 400 marks assigned to the heirs of the bodies of P. S. and A. C, there shall be also 233l. 6s. 8d. more assured if so be they have no heirs male, but female 233 6 8
It is also agreed that there shall remain of the possessions of the father unassured unto the said P. S. lands and tenements to the clear yearly value of 200l., whereof 100l. to be for the preferment of the younger sons, and to be assured unto them and to the heirs male of their bodies lawfully begotten, and for default of such issue, the remainder thereof to the said P. S. and his heirs, the other 100l. to be at his disposition for the payment of his debts and marriage of his daughters.
That the heirs male of the said P. S. and A. C. shall be inheritable unto all the lands of the father of the said P. S., saving to such lands as are before preserved to the younger sons and marriage of the daughters.
It is agreed that the wife of P. S. and A. C. shall be at liberty to take her jointure, or else the thirds as her dower if P. S. or his father shall any way augment his inheritance.
The said P. S. hath a lease for term of 60 years of the parsonage of Whitfourde which is worth yearly, the rent discharged, 80l.
On the part of A. C.:
The sum of one thousand pounds shall be given with A. C, whereof at the day of the marriage 500l., and [the rest] within the space of [one] year thereof.
Philip Sidney and his wife shall have at their will diet and lodging within the house of the father of A. C. for the space of two years. If the younger brother or brethren shall die without issue A. C. shall have in reversion after the death of her father and mother 200l. lands, whereof after the death of her father 133l. 6s. 8d., and also a dwelling house within 13 miles of London meet for a gentleman of 500l. lands.
Endorsed by Sir Wm. Cecil :—“Aug. 1569. —P[er] Philippo Sydney.”
pp.
1317. The Murder of Darnley.
1569, August 9.First deposition of Nicholas Humbert alias French Paris, Bothwell's man, touching the murder of Darnley, made at St. Andrew's, &c. Subscribed by Alexander Hay.
[Printed in extenso in Laing's History of Scotland, Vol. II., pp. 270–280, and Pitcairn's Criminal Trials in Scotland, Vol. II., pp. 502–506. Also in Br. Mus. Calig. B. IX., fol. 370.]
Copy. French. 11 pp.
1318. Advertisements from Rome.
1569, August 13.At the end of last month 24 vessels of Selin passed westwards to infest the shores of Spain, &c. From Lyons we hear that the King's army is dispersed in several divisions, some distance from the Hugenots, who, after taking several small places, have sat down before Poictiers. If they capture this town, many say the King has no alternative but to come to terms, but the French here with the Pope deny this. Yet his Holiness can only promise his soldiers their pay in three or four months. From the Low Countries we hear that the Queen of England is anxious for peace with Philip, but has her fleet in readiness to invade France. If so, the King will hardly accept terms from the Hugenots. The French are utterly weary of the war, which has wasted France these nine years.—13 August 1569.
Endorsed :—“Schriftung aus Italia, vom 13 August, 69.”
Latin ¾ p.
1319. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, August 16.Thanks him for his letters, and especially for the friendly warning contained in them. Whatsoever Cecil has heard of him, thinks, upon proof, it would fall out that the reports are not in all points true, and would gladly submit himself to such trial if Cecil thinks fit.—Leicester, 16th August 1569.
1 p.
1320. Richard Walshe to the Lord Chancellor.
[1569], August 17.The Earl of Ormond landed in Wexford Sunday night last, and wrote to Sir Edmund Butler to Enniscorthy the next morning. Sir Edmund was there “after the spoil of the fair of Our Lady. The said spoil was very great, besides the killing and drowning of many people, and many prisoners taken, and specially divers of the good women of Wexford.” As soon as Sir Edmund received his brother's letter, he returned from the said town on Tuesday. If the Earl had not come at that time, all those quarters had been undone, for Sir Edmund was determined to come to Arklow, and so to the Byrnes, “but thanks be unto God, he is gone from us at this time.” Could not certify, when writing, the number of killed, drowned, and prisoners, as he dwelt at some distance from Enniscorthy.—Arklow, 17 August.
Copy. ½ p.
1321. Robert Mannering to Mr. Agard.
1569, August 18.Reports touching the prey taken by Sir Edmund Butler from the Norragh Begg and Marshalstown. Also the report of the arrival of the Earl of Ormonde at Kilkenny.—Talbotstown, 18 August 1569.
Endorsed :—“Copy.”
½ p.
1322. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 5.The certificates of the Musters, which he sends by the bearer, have been delayed 14 days by the sickness of his messenger. Will be glad to hear from Cecil how their doings are liked, in which he thinks “for the charge of the cuntrye, we have gon so largelye as may be well borne by them at ye present.”
Thanks him most heartily for his gentle letters of the 20th Aug., by which he finds in him what he would wish both for himself and especially for the realm.
1 p.
1323. News from Italy.
1569, Sept. 6.Men's talk points to peace. The King of France is not seeking soldiers either from Italy or Switzerland, and the Queen of England has almost broken up the fleet she was threatening France with. On the other hand, we hear from the Netherlands that Alva is enlisting soldiers there, and summoning cavalry from Germany, fearing that the Hugenots, after coming to terms in France, will invade Flanders. Others think the King of Spain will help the French King with a stronger army. The marriage of the latter with the Emperor's daughter, the defeat of the Moors, &c.
Endorsed :—“Schriftung aus Italia, vom 6 Sept. 69.”
Latin. ¾ p.
1324. Lord H. Cobham to the Lord Admiral.
1569, Sept. 8.Is informed that Parker, his Lordship's officer, has arrested his (Cobham's) oils in a cellar in London, which seems to him very strange. Begs his Lordship, if it be done by his commandment, to give an order for their release.—Cobham, 8th Sept. 1569.
1 p.
1325. Sir Wm. Cecil to Sir William Drury, Marshal of Berwick.
1569, Sept. 9.The Queen would have you repair to Berwick and give the Earl of Murray to understand that she has of late found it very strange to hear it affirmed very plainly and credibly that he should, at his being here, and since by John Wood, his servant, motion and earnestly labour to compass the marriage of the Scottish Queen with the Duke of Norfolk; whereof neither Murray himself nor any of his did ever notify her Majesty. Howsoever he think hereof, her Majesty willeth that he never shall find her so weak in this great cause as to suffer this to proceed, being so attempted without her privity. If he have not been a first beginner nor a labourer herein, her Majesty would directly know the truth; she thinketh it reasonable for him to deal plainly, considering her favourable dealing towards him. If he appear not faulty, he shall hold himself assured of the continuance of her favours. “These and a great longer speech with some vehemency her Majesty commanded me to advertise you, assured of your faithfulness. I perceive her as much offended with the manner of the compassing hereof, as with the matter itself.”—From Southampton, 9 Sept. 1569.
Draft. ¾ p [Haynes, p. 521. In extenso.]
1326. News from Italy.
1569, Sept. 10.The writer does not know that D'Aumale was wounded and so many captains slain in the skirmish in which Strossy was taken prisoner. The Hugenots are not in a bad position, &c. Letters from the French Court of 25 August report that the King has light infantry and cavalry enough to relieve the inhabitants of Poictiers from the pressure of the Admiral's siege, but the place is weak, and there is a lack of corn.—10 Sept. 1569.
Endorsed :—“Schriftung aus Italia, vom 10 Sept. 1569.”
Latin. ¾ p.
1327. The Queen's Instructions by Henry Skipwith for the Earls of Shrewsbury and Huntingdon, and Viscount Hereford.
1569, Sept. 15.“Ye are to understand how of late the Scottish Queen's cause has been by us considered, and put in deliberation to bring it to some reasonable end. We find that she, and such as solicit and labour most for her cause, intend to proceed in it otherwise than is meet or than we can consent to for our honour. We have cause to doubt that when she and her friends perceive their purpose not agreeable to us there will be some secret device to procure her escape, both perilous and dishonourable to us.” The Earl of Shrewsbury shall therefore take such care of her safe custody as in the beginning he had commandment, and beware of practices by such as resort out of Scotland without evident cause, being sent or permitted by Her Majesty. For the more surety the Earl shall, as he seeth cause, advertise the Earl of Huntingdon and Viscount Hereford, and require their assistance to withstand any attempt to convey her away by force, and that they be in readiness with such company of horsemen as they think themselves well assured of; and in their own persons assist the Earl to withstand any such attempt. Meantime the Queen will consider what is meet to do in her cause. These premises, with other particular things committed to him, Henry Skipwith shall declare to every of the said Lords.
Cecil's draft. 1½ pp. [Haynes, p. 521. In extenso.]
1328. The Duke of Norfolk to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 15.Thanks him for his letter. Is right sorry no man can keep him company without offence; never deserved to be so ill thought of; hopes time will bring Her Majesty to like of them which mind best to herself, &c. Cecil may see by Murray's dealing with Liddington what marks he shoots at, and how little he cares for anything advised here. Norfolk believes he has stayed Flemming, who would else have been here ere now. “He that hath been so bold with his own mistress as to bereave her of her kingdom and liberty thinks it but a small matter to refuse to be advised by the Queen's Majesty; he has forgotten all former friendship; has a new mark in his eye, no less than a kingdom. God send him such luck as others have made that followed his course. And so with drowsy head, having scribbled some part of that which unquiet mind thinketh, and thanks to your good lady for her well willing mind to me ward, etc.—From Andyver, 15 Sept. 1569.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 522. In extenso.]
1329. Lord Hunsdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 18.Is glad her Majesty mislikes the marriage, and wishes her so to continue. May not write what he knows, but is sure the matter has been long abrewing, and there has been strange dealing. Doubts not but that the Duke will show himself a dutiful subject and a natural kinsman. The Earl of Murray is come to Kelso to remain five or six weeks to suppress the outlaws, and settle the borders. By his order met him yesterday at Coldstream, taking Sir John Forster. After course taken for administration of justice on the borders, took him aside and dealt with him touching the marriage, telling him of his reported doings, and requiring him to deal frankly, &c. He thinks it strange anybody should have such thoughts of him, and that no man will so wrong him as to charge him with what he never did. What speech he has used the Duke knows, who, he thinks, will not of his honour charge him with being “either the beginner, motioner, procurer, or furtherer of it.” He denies not that he told the Duke that Bothwell being executed, or she lawfully divorced, if the Queen [of England] would make a marriage between the Duke and the Queen of Scots he [Murray] would consent; farther he hath not dealt in it. All her faction, both in this part of England and in Scotland, hold it for concluded, and make assured account and vaunt of it, as if it were irrevocable, “wherein they are in such a jollity, as who but they.” Her letters pass daily to and fro encouraging her partisans to stand fast, and threatening opponents unless they recant; if they will, then for all faults past remissionem peccatorum. Her principal messenger in this affair is Dan Car, of Shilstock Braise, a notorious thief and murderer, one of the killers of the scout of this town at the writer's first coming. He (Car) saith he hath Lord Shrewsbury's passport. Has laid both the East and Middle Marches for him, and if he come by him Cecil shall hear of him and his letters. Is sorry the Queen sent Thomas Flemming with letters to the Earl of Murray, he being so lewd a messenger, a man of michell wind” as this country terms them, i.e., in a number of words he speaks few true, he was not ashamed to say at his return that the Earl of Murray and the rest of the Council sat three days to take his life, which Hunsdon knows to be untrue, as also he knows perfectly that he (Flemming) was the principal bruiter of that marriage with assurance that his mistress should be presently sent into Scotland, &c. Upon the apprehension of Liddington and Basoord arose great speeches in Scotland of mischief that would follow; that Murray had thereby overthrown himself, for neither Lord Hume, Fernyhurst, Buccleuch, nor all their friends would come in to him. But when met yesterday none were more diligent about him than those, with all the rest of the March, Lothian, and Tiviotdale as humble as any; he is determined 18th next month, with 6,000 or 7,000 men either utterly to overrun Liddisdale, Ensdale, and Annandale, or to force them to compositions. Doubts not but Cecil will make the Queen participant of so many of these particulars as shall befit for her to understand. Cares not whom he offends for her service, &c. From Berwick, 18 Sept. 1859.
2 pp. [Haynes, p. 523. In extenso.]
1330. Instructions for Henry Carew to declare to the Regent Murray.
1569, Sept. 21.Considering the continual solicitations by the Queen of Scots' friends for some final resolution in her causes, the Queen communicates this that followeth, requiring a speedy answer.
1o. What hostages will be given to the Queen, if the Queen of Scots be returned into Scotland, that she shall not be in any danger of her life? The Earl is to know that the more hostages in number and of title are given, the greater the Queen's contentation. Not less than six of these three to be Earls, the rest Lords of Parliament. Of the Earls some of the following : Angus, Craford, Mar, Cassells, Bowchan, Menteith; of the barons, Lords Hume, Lindsay of Byrris, Ruthen, Oliphant, Glames, Grey, Ogilvy, Simple, Innermeth, Stuart of Ochiltre, Maxwell. In place of an Earl two Lords of Parliament, or two heirs apparent of Earls, such as the Earl of Argyl's brother, &c.
2o. These hostages to remain in England in places meet for their degrees, at the charge of the Crown of Scotland, as sureties that the Queen of Scots shall enjoy such estate as by the Parliament of Scotland shall be granted her; to be changed upon reasonable causes for persons of like estate. The Earl not to delay on pretence of treating hereupon, but forthwith with secrecy confer with such as he shall think meet, informing them that an express person is sent to him by whom he must send the premises in writing under their hands and seals. As to the Earl by himself and his ministers treating for a marriage betwixt the Queen of Scots and Norfolk, he is to advertise the Queen what he has done therein, who in England have moved him, and to be assured the Queen doth not allow it. He is to signify by writing of his own hand who dealt with him for this matter at his being in England, and by whom he was threatened to consent hereto, &c.
Cecil's draft. 3 pp. [Haynes, p. 524. In extenso.]
1331. Fragment of a Conversation of . . . . with Knyvett's Man.
1569, Sept. 22.“He told me he heard at Sarum that the Duke was gone into the North, to whose speech I made this answer : “By the mass I think he be there gone to marry the Scottish Queen.” The Duke himself told me he meant to marry the Scottish Queen and that the Council liked very well of it, howbeit the Queen's Majesty did much mislike it, &c.”
Endorsed :—“22 Sept. 1569, enclosed.”
½ p.
1332. The Queen to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
1569, Sept. 22.His infirmity being such that he cannot well attend to the charge of safe keeping the Queen of Scots, the Queen has required the Earl of Huntingdon to join him therein. He is to confer with him by all manner of ways how she may be safely kept from escape; to order his servants to obey the said Earl as himself; and if any are more favourable to the said Queen than they ought to be, to send them away. Her number to be reduced to 30 as at the first, none to remain who shall be suspect of practice for her escape. Yet in doing these things the Queen would not have her find any occasion of mistrust, but that, on the coming of such as Murray shall send, speedy conference will be had for an end of her causes. He is to restrain the common trade of posting to and from her, as burdensome to the Queen's subjects; when she requires to send letters to the Queen or to the Bp. of Ross, they are to come by warrant from both Earls direct to the Queen's Court, wherever that may be, being now in her progress.—“Given under our signet at our Manor of the Vine, 22 Sept., 11th year of our reign.”
pp. [Haynes, p. 525. In extenso.]
1333. Sir John Arundel's Servant to his Master.
1569, Sept. 22.Has delivered his letter to Mr. Matthew Arundel who wished him to go to the Duke [of Norfolk], but thinks he will find him at no great leisure for the Queen doth “stomake” him because he intends to marry with the Queen of Scots.
Endorsed by Cecil :—“A lre, wrytten by a servant of Sir Jhon Arundell's to his Mr. taken upon hym at ye Vyne.”
1 p.
1334. The Duke of Norfolk to the Earl of Leicester, or to Sir Wm. Cecil. (sic.)
1569, Sept. 22.Received their letters yesternight and understands that the Queen will come to Windsor, whither er pleasure is he should repair. At his coming to Howard House found himself disposed to an ague to avoid which he took a purgative yesterday, which continued working even this night in his bed; wherefore he is afraid to go into the air so soon, but within four days will not fail to come to court.— From Howard House, 22 Sept. 1569.
With Cecil's notes endorsed. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 527. In extenso.]
1335. The Queen to the Earl of Huntingdon.
1569, Sept. 22.Requires him to repair to the Earl of Shrewsbury who is much troubled with sickness, and to take charge of the Queen of Scots. This direction so sudden and strange is due to the said Earl's infirmity and request for help and to the Queen's fear of some escape. They are to confer how to reduce her train to 30, and to give order prohibiting such common resort to the Queen, and her sending posts as she hath done to the burden of the Queen's poor subjects. If he think of any meeter place to keep her, he is to advertise the Queen. On consideration of the premises the Queen alters part thereof, thus : “We will no person shall be suffered to come from the Queen of Scots with any message or letter; but if she will write to us, you shall offer to send the same by one of yours. Our meaning is that for a season she shall neither send nor receive any message or letters without our knowledge.”
Cecil's draft. 2½ pp. [Haynes, p. 526. In extenso.]
1336. News from Strasburg.
1569, Sept. 23.Now the Emperor's legates are here we learn much of the Papists' designs. Unless our troops are succoured it is all over with our little force. The King is secretly strengthening his position. Besides the levy throughout France, Alva promises large subsidies. German cavalry is being hunted up. And England is in a ferment on account of the Duke of Norfolk seeking the Scotch Queen in marriage. The Swedish war has burst out afresh. The Papists, in fine, see that their safety is at stake; and we are neglecting ours. The Bavarian treaty progresses. The Pope is binding the Bishops by a novel and unheard of oath, and obliges them to consent to that treaty. Alva is wholly intent on gathering together the arms and resources of every true Catholic.—Strasburg, 23 September 1569.
Endorsed :—“Sriftung auss Strasburg, 23 Septembr. 69.”
Latin. ¾ p.
1337. Christopher Mundt to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 24.At the diet of Protestant Princes' commissaries at Erfurt the Queen's gracious mind and will to maintain with the other Princes the true and Christian religion was declared, and received with great thanks. The Elector Palatine is authorised to proceed further therein, either by letters or by sending an ambassador to the Queen. Sponsalia inter the Emperor's second daughter and the French King be reported. The death of the Duke of Bipont, here taken for certain, is pernicious for Germany. In fine all things here be suspended in eventum belli Gallici. Asks for cipher for names of Princes whose ambassadors have been at the said diet. Annexed is a list of the said Princes.— From Heidelberg, 24 Sept. anno 69.
3 pp.
1338. The Duke of Norfolk to the Queen.
1569, Sept. 24. Excuses his sudden departure. Has to his great grief found her Highness sore offended with him. Did with all humility seek to recover her favour, but his enemies found such comfort of her Highness' heavy displeasure that they began to make of him a common table-talk, and his friends to be afraid of his company. When he saw this he complained his miserable state to some of the Council, and thought no way so good as privily to withdraw to his private house, where whether he behaved arrogantly or in his accustomed manner, let his friends be witnesses. It was no small grief that every townsman could say his house was beset—a nipping to his heart that he should become a suspected person. All the town reported, some of noble house, one while that he would be committed to his own house, another while to the Tower, which is so great a terror for a true man. Yet, though daunted by these sharp reports, knowing not what ground they had, his whole mind was to abide them all till Tuesday between 4 and 5 at night, when he understood by more than common friends that his overthrow and imprisonment were determined. Thought good once again to withdraw to win time to write this humble declaration. On his honour protests he never dealt in the Queen of Scots' cause further than he declared to the Queen and some of the Council, and so minds to remain, &c. Hopes that his oppressed mind shall receive some comfort from the Queen, &c.—Keninghall.
Copy; the original is among the State Papers, Domestic, Elizabeth, Vol. 58. 1¼ pp. [Haynes, p. 528. In extenso.]
1339. The Queen to the Duke of Norfolk.
1560, Sept. 25.Finding by his letters he is gone on pretence of a fear without cause to Kenninghall contrary to the Queen's expectation and his promise to be at court within four days, she commands him without delay upon sight of these letters to repair to her at Windsor, and this upon his allegiance. The Queen never intended in thought to minister anything to him but as he should in truth deserve.
Cecil's draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 529. In extenso.]
1340. The Queen to the Earl of Arundel.
1569, Sept. 25.Requires him for divers urgent causes, wherein to confer with him and others of the Council, to repair to her.
The like to the Lord Lumley.
Cecil's draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 529. In extenso.]
1341. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569. Sept. 25.I cannot but certify what I have perceived since last writing, trusting you will use it without discovering me, to the increase of offence betwixt my Lord and me. First, I find my Lord not very willing to be rid of his charge; the same mind I guess to be in my lady, though both have said they be glad of the looked for discharge. The contrary may he collected from his letters. He hath sent one up with all speed which he never told me till he was gone, yet neither my messenger nor his message did I keep from him, for I read my letters to him and he required me in the reading to add the parenthesis of his state of health. The Queen of Scots also I perceive is not willing to change her keeper, and especially for me. If it may be, let their desire take place. She desired yesternight to send letters to the Queen in company of one of our men. My Lord told me. I denied [refused] it, but so did not he, and some difference we had. After supper Bortyke [Borthwick] came with the same request to us together. I plainly denied it, but in courteous manner that without me he could not grant it, and desired Bortyke to tell the Queen, which he did. He returned with this answer that the Queen desired us to write to our sovereign of her desire and our denial which I consented unto. But first I required to speak with the Queen as before that answer (which lost me that favour at this time) she was determined I should. In our talk with Bortyke, my Lord let fall this speech : “I can do nothing without my Lord of Huntingdon, till my man come again from the Court.” Here was my first light of my man's going, whereof we had some talk, which made me verily believe what before I only gathered suspiciously, I mean his desire to keep his charge. I perceive also non facile patitur æqualem. Therefore I heartily require you if my discharge may not take place, let me be solus, or have some other match. And to Ashby I would carry her, if I should have her, where by the grace of God I would make a true account of her. Still, if with favour I may be discharged, so be it.—From Tutbury this Sunday morning the 25th Sept. 1569.
P.S.—The postscript in the Queen's Majesty's letters to me made me deny the Queen of Scots' request. In my opinion it is necessary that her command in that point be for a time strictly observed, but I know it is not.
2 pp. [Haynes, p. 530. In extenso.]
1342. The Council to (Lord Lieutenants of) Shires.
1569, Sept. 26.You may hear how the Duke of Norfolk is gone from London to Kenninghall on fear of the Queen's displeasure. To avoid seditious bruits we have thought good to signify that her Majesty hath not meant any manner of thing to him offensive, only to understand the truth of a certain matter that hath been moved to him for a marriage with the Queen of Scots, which her Majesty no wise doth allow. Her Majesty being loath to have such a noble man abused with untrue reports hath sent for the Duke to repair to her, as it is most likely he will. Communicate these our letters with the Justices, and stay seditious rumours by apprehending the authors.—From Windsor, the 26th Sept. 1569.
Copy. 1½ pp. [Haynes, p. 531. In extenso.]
1343,—The Earl of Huntingdon and Viscount Hereford to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 27.By yours of the 24th, we see some speeches to be passed from my Lord Ross of us both. As to what he said of me for pretence of title, I trust neither word nor act of mine is the cause of his speech. If he say either is, I am ready to answer it. As for my Lord of Hereford there never passed any such speech from him. We both desire to come to our trial, when time serves, for anything that shall be reported of us. Of such speeches we might perhaps be accused, for to the Queen herself we spake it at Winkfield twice or thrice. My Lord of Shrewsbury and I did search the Queen's coffers but in vain except for the cipher. If she had anything, it is gone, for my Lord did tell me she did burn many papers at Winkfield. She took very grievously our search, pleadeth greatly her innocency to her Majesty, of whose dealing to her she speaketh bitterly; still desiring to go into France where she now is in great hope to have aid, because the Admiral is overthrown.—From the Castle of Tutbury this 27 Sept. 1569.
P.S.—[By Viscount Hereford.] That which the Bp. of Robs reported of me is most untrue; for any unfit speech passed from me either of the Duke of Norfolk or the Earl of Leicester, I desire but to have it justified to my face.
pp. [Haynes, p. 532. In extenso.]
1344.—The Queen to the Duke of Norfolk.
1569, Sept. 28.By your letters and by this bringer, Edwd. Garrett, we understand the cause of your not coming to us presently to be that you were entered into a fever, but that you would very shortly take your journey to us. For sundry respects we return this bringer with all haste, charging you immediately to repair hitherward. For avoiding the peril you doubt by your ague, if it continue you may come by some shorter journeys than accustomed, and in a litter rather than delay further. So shall you demonstrate the loyalty and humbleness your letters and speeches profess.
Aliter : which manner of answer we have not been accustomed to receive from any person; neither would we have you think us of so mean consideration as to allow an excuse by a fever, having had so strait a commandment from us; the case being made so notorious, first by your departure, now by your delay, that our estimation cannot but be in some discredit, except you immediately repair to us, though in a litter, and so demonstrate, etc. as above.
Cecil's drafts. Very much damaged. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 533. In extenso.]
1345. Sir Wm. Cecil to the Duke of Norfolk.
1569, Sept. 28.Has received his letters. Is sorry for his sickness, but glad to hear of his resolve to come to the Queen. Her commandment to that effect very express. He is not to be troubled about the report of the Queen's being offended. Trusts nothing more will come of it but words, or, for a time, some such order as she has given to the Earls of Arundel and Pembroke, to forbear coming into her presence. Both of them submit humbly and wisely. It may be otherwise reported to his Grace, but in these stormy times he must bear such good mind towards the Queen as he has borne to him (Cecil).
[Postscript.] The Queen was very much offended with Mr. Garrett, for coming away without his Grace.— Windsor, 28 Sept. 1569.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 533. In extenso.]
1346. Frederick III. [Elector of Saxony] to the Queen.
1569, Sept. 28.Henry Killigrew has doubtless safely reached England and truly reported his dealings with us and the other German Princes, and that the Electors of Saxony and Brandenburg had determined that an assembly should be held at Nuremburg of the rest of the Princes of the Augsburg Confession, or of their ambassadors. It was held at Erfurt on the 5th of Sept., the ambassadors of nearly all the Princes assembling. After deliberation and answer given to us in writing, they requested us to see it forwarded to your Highness. This we do by Robert Beel, &c.
From———28 Sept. 1569.
Endorsed :—“Frederic iii. to the Q. Eliz.”
Latin. 1½ pp.
1347. The Earls of Shrewsbury and Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 29.Send five letters taken from one Archibald Stuart, a servant of. the Lord Regent's, and addressed to various persons at Court. They do not appear to contain matter of any great moment. —Tutbury, 29 Sept. 1569.
1 p.
1348. Pembroke's Answer.
1569, Sept. 29.Present : The Lord Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, and Mr. Secretary.
1. Norfolk's marriage with Mary was first motioned to Pembroke when sick at Greenwich by Norfolk, afterwards by Leicester, to whom he heard that Norfolk opened the same.
2. He heard long before that Murray, Liddington, and other Scots motioned the same, but he never spoke with any thereof.
3. Norfolk, Leicester, and Sir Nicholas Throgmorton sundry times communed with him thereof. At all times there was propounded certain matters for Mary to agree to : as to relinquish all claims made by her to the prejudice of the Queen; religion to be established in Scotland and England; the league of France dissolved, and one made betwixt England and Scotland; the government of Scotland to be to the contentation of Elizabeth. All which the Duke always offered to have agreed, or else never to marry Mary.
4. Pembroke confesses he signed, jointly with Leicester, a letter to Mary which he had not read, the sum of which was reported to be that if she would perform the former articles they would be mean for her to the Queen's Majesty to like of the marriage. Before it was written he wished it first motioned to Elizabeth; it being written by Leicester, Pembroke assured himself there would be nothing in it but for Elizabeth's surety.
5. Pembroke was never at any conference with the Bishop of Ross in any company of Norfolk, Arundel, and Leicester, but the Bishop dining with him sundry times, Norfolk and Leicester communed with the Bishop, and sometimes they reported their talks.
Cecil's minute. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 535. In extenso.]
1349. Interrogatories for Lord Lumley.
1569, Sept. 29.Same as those recited in No. 1356, with slight variations.
Partly Cecil's draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 535. In extenso.]
1350. The Earls of Huntingdon and Shrewsbury to the Queen.
1569, Sept. 29.According to your commands of the 25th inst. we have searched for letters in the coffers of the Queen of Scots. We doubt she hath burnt all you looked for, if ever she had any, for at Wingfield one day she consumed with fire many writings. We found only two ciphers sent with this letter. She saith they came from my lord of Argyl. We have taken order for ourselves and warned our friends to be in readiness for your service whensoever called on. That we may be the more able to serve you, please give us such warrant for levying men as the laws require.—Tutbury Castle, 29 Sept., 1569.
P.S.—After we had written these letters a Scotchman [Arch. Stewart] came to the town, whom we examined. All the letters found on him we have sent, except one which concerned only his particular causes, and which after opening it, we delivered to the Queen.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 537. [In extenso.]
1351. Edw. Fitzgarrett to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, [Sept. 30.]Advertises him that the Duke [of Norfolk], according to his former promise, was prepared to come to the Court if he (Fitzgarrett) had not gone. This day he sets forth and means to sleep at Newmarket, taking the journey by easy stages on account of his late ague.—From Keninghall, this present Friday.
1 p.
1352. The Bishop of Salisbury to the Privy Council.
1569, Sept. 30.Has taken the examination of John Pildrim according to their Lordships' instructions. In order to ensure greater secrecy in the matter has thought it best to be his own clerk.—Salisbury, 30 Sept. 1569.
1 p.
Encloses,
The examination of John Pildrim, Innkeeper, of Salisbury, concerning a report spread by him that the D. of Norfolk had lately passed from Salisbury to London and thence to Hendon, to the Lord Steward. Taken before Jo. Jewell, Bishop of Salisbury, 28 Sept. 1569.
1 p.
1353. Lord Wentworth to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Sept. 30.Received the Queen's letter this morning and sent for the sheriff. Before receiving it, fearing the Duke's coming down was not with the Queen's liking, conferred with such as loved the Queen, whom I found as ready as I could wish. The Duke has taken up all his geldings, reporting that he will to court. None of his shire have been with him yet but Papists. Few of them have failed that be of any credit. One Richd. Candish, who came down when the Duke did, has reported that it is concluded by astronomy that the Scottish damsel shall be Queen, and the Duke the husband. Surely if he be examined (pray let it not be to my hurt) he knoweth the whole matter. I did lay to apprehend him, but he went to the Duke's with all speed.—From my house the last of Sept. 1569.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 538. In extenso.]
1354. Norfolk to Cecil.
1569, Sept. [30].Sithens receipt of the Queen's letters by Garret, I have had a fit of ague, and at writing hereof am not altogether out of it (Garret himself can witness), whereby I am not able to attend on her Majesty according to my bounden duty. My desire is that you give her Highness to understand thereof and make my humble excuse. So soon as I may, without peril of further sickness, I shall wait upon her, before Monday or Tuesday at the furthest. Declare this to her Majesty and give further credit to the bearer my servant in that he hath to say unto you.—From Kenninghall the — of September, 1569.
½ p. [Haynes, p. 528. In extenso.]
1355. The Queen to Lord Wentworth.
[1599, Sept.].You cannot be ignorant of Norfolk's departure from London at the time he promised to come hither; being expressly sent for since, his excuse is fever. This we allow not, and have eftsoons commanded him to come up, though in a litter. Have regard hereunto, and confer with our sheriff. If he come not, endeavour yourself to stay all sinister practices, and mark well the proceedings of all persons careless of their duty to us.
Cecil's draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 532. In extenso.]
1356. Interrogatories [prepared by Cecil] for the Earls of Pembroke and Arundel, and Lord Lumley.
[1569, Sept.]Lord Lumley : 1. By whom was he first moved to assent to a marriage between the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk? 2. Where and when, and by whom, since the first time? 3. With how many hath he conferred thereof (and whom bath he moved to like thereof) and how often with the Bp. of Ross? 4. How he thought the Queen [Elizabeth] would like it if it should be first motioned to the Q. of Scots before she heard of it? 5. What money hath been given or sent to the Queen of Scots, or to any of hers, besides that given her by the Queen? 6. What letters hath he seen from the Q. of Scots in this matter, or what letters doth he know of sent to the Queen of Scots? 7. Did he ever advise Norfolk to depart the Court, or to persist in his purpose to marry with the Q. of Scots, though the Queen would not allow thereof?
Earl of Arundel (alone): 1. By whom understood he that he should be charged with treason? 2. What words did Mr. West utter, and how are they to be proved? 3. What messages have passed with the Spanish or French ambassador?
Earl of Pembroke : The former questions. Also who wrote the letter to the Q. of Scots and who were privy to it before it was sent; the time it was written; its contents; the answer?
Lord Lumley : The promise and resort to the Spanish Ambassador and wherefore? of money offered for ending the cause of the merchants?
Cecil's draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 534. In extenso.]
1357. Ed. Fitzgarrett to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Oct. 1.The Duke [of Norfolk] intends to stay this night at Royston, to-morrow night at St. Alban's, and on Monday night at the Court. Neither his Grace nor his horses are conveniently able to make better speed.—“From Newmarket, Saturday the 1st of October.”
1 p.
1358. The Queen to the Earls of Shrewsbury and Huntingdon.
1569, 1 Oct.Thanks for their care and charges in assembling their companies to withstand any attempt for the recovery of the Queen of Scots, but sees no further cause for the continuance of extraordinary numbers. They may discharge them. The Duke of Norfolk is coming in quietly, wherein he shows his obedience, otherwise the world had seen “some effects of the authority God hath given us.” As for that Queen, they will do well to keep her from intelligence; to require of her the letters sent to her about Easter, signed by the Earls of Pembroke and Leicester, which they both confess they sent to her by the Bishop of Ross, and “to require her to send them or a true copy to us. It is very likely you dealt not with the coffers wherein her writings were, or that she has burnt them.” Hereford need not remain at Tutbury, but at his own house, for service if they should need it.
Cecil's draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 538. In extenso.]
1359. Edward Fitzgarret to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Oct. 2.Has received and will reveal the Queen's letters and Cecil's to the Duke at his coming to Uxbridge, who, he thinks, will obey any commands of the Queen. If it please him to disobey, he hath 34 or 40 gentlemen and yeomen with him. “I and my company be not past six or seven.” Begs he may hear the Queen's pleasure herein before he comes to Uxbridge. Understands the Duke has sent to the Court for preparation of his lodging, which the writer doubts not will be considered.—From St. Albans, 2 October.
Original. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 539. In extenso.]
1360. The Queen to Edward Fitzgarret.
1569, Oct. 2.Requiring him to conduct the Duke to the house of Paul Wentworth, at Burnham, to remain there till the further pleasure of the Queen.
Cecil's draft. ¼ p. [Haynes, p. 539. In extenso.]
1361. Sir H. Nevill to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1559, Oct. 3.Advertises him of the arrival of the D. of Norfolk with his retinue at Burnham.
Endorsed :—3 Oct. 1569.
1 p.
1362. Instructions for Sir Henry Neville.
1569, Oct. 3.1. He is to inform the Duke on his coming to Wentworth's house at Burnham that the Queen's pleasure is that he remain in his lodging there without conference with any person without Sir Henry's knowledge.
2. He is to remove his servants, and suffer no more than the Council appoints to wait on him.
3. He is, with Wentworth, to see that no letters or messages pass to or from the Duke; if any do pass, to stay them and acquaint the Council, and to procure the attemptors to be taken.
Copy. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 540. In extenso.]
1363. Christopher Mundt to Sir William Cecil.
1569, Oct. 4.Since his coming home has heard a bruit, both here and abroad, forged by the Papists, who desire and wish such news, that [here follows a line in cipher]. Of late have arrived here Lazarus von Schwende, as Legate for the Emperor, and still remain here, the ambassadors from the Emperor, from the Electors of Mayence and Treves, of the Duke of Bavaria, of the Bishop Herbipolensis, and of the Landgrave of Hesse; but from the three Electors temporal, Palatine, Saxony, and Brandenburg no man is here, and it seems that they will not send. It is not time now to prescribe laws to the men of war which be in France. Hears that they have been paid and have sworn again for three months, so the King is more minded to war than to peace. Divers contrary reports have been spread concerning the taking of Poictiers, but it is now written that it is taken. Many “honest and wittie men” throughout Germany are full of care and anxiety for her Majesty, and pray that she may be well instructed and strengthened by trusty friends and alliances against her watchful enemies.—Strasburg 4th Oct. 1569.
1 p.
[Postscript.]—In the long and difficult journey into Saxony which he undertook on the persuasion of Master Killigrew and by command of the Prince, he was absent from home 27 days; and in the meantime, at Strasburg, an assembly having been convened by the Protestant princes, was in doubt whether his duty did not compel him to hasten thither. Suggests that if there should be hereafter any necessity for his attending similar assemblies, he should have timely warning, for they seldom last more than a few days.
Latin. 1 p.
1364. The Queen to Wm. Walgrave, Sheriff of Suffolk and Norfolk.
1569, Oct. 6.Arrest A., B., C., &c., servants to the Duke of Norfolk, to be sent up to our Council.
Cecil's draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 540. In extenso.]
1365. The Queen to the Lieutenant of the Tower and Sir Henry Nevill.
1569, Oct. 8.Requiring the first named to receive of Sir Fras. Knollis, the Duke of Norfolk, and to keep him prisoner; Sir Henry Nevill to attend and take special charge of him, and to see that none of his servants have any intelligence.
Draft. 1¼ p. [Haynes, p. 540. In extenso.]
1366. Examination of Sir Nicholas Throgmorton before the Lord Keeper, Sir Ralph Sadler, and Sir Walter Mildmay.
1569, October 10.Has not of himself moved conference with any as to the marriage. Norfolk, the Lord Steward, and Leicester alone have conferred with him. 1. The Duke mooted it at Greenwich when the Queen was last there, and once or twice in the progress time, telling him Murray and Liddington first moved it to him at Hampton Court when he gave no ear to it, but utterly disallowed it. The Bp. of Ross moving it to him he referred him to Pembroke, Leicester, and others of the Council to consider whether they thought it convenient for Her Majesty and the realm. The Bp. of Ross had previously conferred with Leicester. The Duke and the said Earls had conferred. 2. Leicester three or four days after told Sir Nicholas the Bp. had moved it to him, that he (Leicester) thought it a very great matter, that he would not have her if he might, that the Duke would not be brought to like of it except it benefited Her Majesty and the realm; and that if no better remedy could be for so dangerous a woman it were good to make a virtue of necessity (so it might be allowed by her Majesty), and required him as one whom the Queen conferred with in matters of importance to weigh the case the better to advise thereon. After divers conferences Leicester, Pembroke, and he (Sir Nicholas) concluded thus : Seeing things were greatly changed in Scotland, France, and Spain, and that her Majesty proposed to make such a restoration of Mary as she could not be sure of her, they thought such good provision might be made by her Majesty and the Council, as by this marriage her Majesty and the realm might take commodity. So too the Duke, adding that he was presently in better state than he should be if the marriage should proceed, yet if her Majesty liked it, and it was for her commodity, he could sacrifice himself.
Has not written nor known of any letter. Leicester told him of one written by him and Pembroke to Mary. In answer to one from Murray reporting strange utterances by Lord Boyd and a man of the Bp. of Ross, and requiring information touching the marriage, he wrote but said nothing touching the marriage. Has not carried nor received any message touching it, nor even conferred with the Bp. of Ross. Desires he may reform any circumstance if better remembered. Further asked what conference he has had with Edwd. Herbert, answers he talked twice or thrice with him in this house. Herbert asking as to the Queen's displeasure, he answered he found no cause to retire. Herbert, when asked, said his father took the Queen's pleasure very heavily, &c.
pp. [Haynes, pp. 541–543. In extenso.]
1367. Examination of the Earl of Pembroke before the Lord Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, and Mr. Secretary.
1569, Oct. 10.1. He saith that the Bp. of Ross was never at Hendon when the Duke was there.
2. After the Duke was last there, one day being in his galley with his wife, Sir George Speke and his wife, Edward Herbert, &c., and seeing one Bingham, who came from London, he asked him what news there was about Poyters. He answered that he heard no French news, but that he heard in London that the Duke was gone northwards; also that his Lordship would bear the Duke out therein. “Mary,” quoth the Earl, “then must he have a very good matter if I bear him out; but for anything that I know in him, the Queen's Majesty not offended, I take him to be a dutiful subject to the Queen's Majesty.”
3. In the end, with great humbleness besought us to be a mean to the Queen to be his gracious good lady; he had rather be under the earth than to live in doubt of her indignation, &c.
Cecil's minute. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 541. In extenso.]
1368. Lord Lumley's Answer.
1569, Sept. 29 and Oct. 11.1. Was never moved to assent to marriage between Mary and Norfolk.
2. Has talked with many thereof, amongst others with Norfolk, Arundel, and the Bishop of Boss, but never to persuade or dissuade any to like or mislike thereof otherwise than should stand with the Queen's pleasure.
3. Could never think but that the Queen should mislike thereof, if first motioned to Mary before the Queen should be made privy thereunto.
4. Has seen letters from Mary to Arundel, but not, for aught he knows, concerning this matter.
5. Never advised the Duke to depart the Court, or to persist in the marriage despite the Queen's disallowance thereof. Knows of none so advising. When last with him in London on Thursday found him fully resolved to be here at Court on Monday in company with the Lord Steward.
6. Has had no conference with the Bp. of Ross concerning the marriage.
1569, 11 Oct–7 and 8.Resorted not to the Spanish Ambassador till he was at his free liberty, and then to obtain his friendship for recovery of a debt of 1,100l. which the Lady Cecilia owes him, and was never with him but once.
9. Rodolph as party to the debt was privy to the motion made to the Spanish Ambassador.
10 and 11. Was never in the company of the Bp. of Ross with the said Ambassador.
12. Was never stayed by any watch in going from or coming to the Ambassador.
13 and 14. The Ambassador by Rodolph and one of his men has moved him to be a means for the restitution of the Spaniard's money and goods.
15. He told Arundel that he heard West had accused him of treason. Atteslowe, a physician, told it to Stoughton, his patient, who informed him of the matter.
Signed. 1½ pp. [Haynes, p. 536. In extenso.]
[The corresponding answer of Lord Arundel is in the Public Record Office, see State Papers, Mary Queen of Scots, Vol. IV., No. 29.]
1369. Examination of Lord Lumley.
1569, Oct. 11.Stating that coming one evening from Greenwich with his wife and Lady Dacres he called as he passed on the Ambassador (Sir N. Throckmorton) and saluted him, congratulating him on his deliverance, which was all the conversation he had with him at that time.
Endorsed by Cecil :—“11 Oct. 1569. L. Lumley's addition to his examination.”
1 p.
1370. Interrogatories presented by the Council to the Bishop of Ross.
1569, Oct. 11.With whom have you conferred as to the Duke's marriage with Mary? 2. Who with you? 3. When and where? 5. What was the nature of the conference? 7. Who first moved you, or whom did you first move therein? 8. What letters have you written, or known to be written? 9. What messages have you sent or received? 11. Did you not agree with the Duke that Liddington should be procured to come hither, and move this matter to the Queen's Majesty? 12. Did you not deliver to the Duke a cipher to pass between Mary and him? 13. What proceeded from you that moved Pembroke and Leicester to write to Mary? and what was the effect of that letter? 14. What money or jewels have you received, or, by means of any Englishman, conveyed to Mary? 15. What speech had you with the Duke at his last being in London? and what bruits did you report so as to move his departing into Norfolk? 16. How far has the matter proceeded between the Queen of Scots and the Duke?
1 p. [Haynes, pp. 543–544. In extenso.]
Another copy of the preceding endorsed “11 October 1569.” 1¾ pp.
1371. Edward Herbert.
1569 Oct. 11.The examination of Edward Herbert as to the number of times he has held conversation with Sir Nicholas Throckmorton.
1 p.
1372. Examination of John Farnham.
1569, Oct. 12.As to the conversation he has had at different times with the D. of Norfolk and others concerning the marriage of the said Duke with the Queen of Scots. [This consists of answers, in the handwriting of Cecil, to certain interrogatories numbered 1 to 15, the substance of which is not given.]
1 p.
1373. Sir H. Nevill to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Oct. 12.Thinks it his duty to certify him of the order taken with the Duke (of Norfolk) who is lodged in the Constable's lodging in the same chamber which was occupied by his grandfather. He and his men lie without, and he intends to keep the stair foot with two of his men daily so that no conference can be had with the Duke. They have been put to hard shift for beds, and have had to send to Sir Thos. Gresham's for some.—The Tower, 12 Oct.
P.S.—Since writing the above the Duke has desired him to write “that he declared his dutiful mind to Mr. Vice-Chamberlain,” and that he prays Cecil to let him understand wherein any fault is found with any of his sayings.
1 p.
1374. The Answers of Wm. Cantrell, Norfolk's servant.
1569, Oct. 12. Conferred in July with the Earl of Sussex at Tynmouth the Earl of Northumberland at his house between Topcliff and York, the Earl of Westmorland at Brancepeth, and the Earl of Derby at Knowsley.
2. His master's message to Sussex was that, having a great matter moved unto him, he thought good to make him privy thereto, because he was his kinsman and friend, and required him to advertise the Duke what he thought good in it. The Earl's answer was it seems strange to him matters were so come about now; but because he was far off, and knew not the present state of things, he could say nothing to it; and therefore prayed God that those who moved it to the Duke meant truly and faithfully to him.
3. Northumberland's answer to the same message was, that for the matter, he did not mislike of it, but, if her Majesty, and Council thought well of it, he doubted not but it might be to the benefit of the Queen and safety of the realm; and that he had heard of it in the country before Cantrell's coming.
4. Westmorland's answer : He did not mislike of it, if her Majesty were willing, but he prayed God the Duke were truly dealt with therein, for he doubted lest it was some device to bring the Duke into her Majesty's displeasure.
5. Derby's answer : He did not like of it, but wished the Duke to let the matter alone, for he doubted that some of those who moved him therein, when it should come further, would not stand to him in the same.
Other answers follow touching letters written by the Duke to the Earls; conversation of Cantrell with a Scotchman in York Minster, a bill lost in the Duke's house at York, Cantrell's movements with the Duke, and the persons who resorted to the Duke.
3 pp. [Haynes, p. 549. In extenso.]
1375. Answer of the Bishop of Ross.
[1569, Oct. 13.]Though as resident for a free princess it might seem hard to answer every question, yet knowing his Queen's proceedings toward her Majesty to be honest, upright, and truly meant, he will not spare to declare the same. He was first moved by the Laird of Lethington, who at Kingston in January last affirmed it was the only means to settle all her troubles, and to assure the Queen of England of her faithful friendship to her, &c., that Murray would wholly trust the Duke for keeping all promises made by his Queen to her subjects, and that he (Murray) had broken it with the Duke already at Hampton Court. He (Ross) answered he had no commission to deal in these matters. Murray and Lethington therefore sent Robert Melville to Ripon to deal therein.
At his coming to Greenwich in May he presented certain offers of Mary to the Queen and Council, chiefly to this effect, that Mary would make surety to the Queen and her heirs of any title she had or might pretend to the English Crown, always without prejudice of her title failzeing of them; and beseeching she might be restored to her crown of Scotland, or else that she might have a safe conduct to pass into France.
Whereon, after long conference with the Council, overture was made to him alleging one cession of this title had been made to the Duke of Anjou, on account of which Mary was constrained to send into France and thus her cause was deferred. Which delay moved him to confer with divers Lords to show them what would satisfy her Majesty. They answering that his offers were over general, he declared to her Majesty and to them that his Queen was content to become as obedient to her not only as her own sister or daughter, but as any lady in her company, to which he besought her admission. Addressed Leicester to know if the bestowing of Mary in marriage with an Englishman, at the Queen's command and pleasure, might satisfy her Majesty, and rather with himself than any other, because the same was once talked of and motioned by her Majesty. Leicester replying he could not think himself meet, he showed him the motion made by Murray and Liddington, about which John Wood was presently at Court in treaty, for her marriage with Norfolk, and inquired if it would please her Majesty. Leicester answered he could not resolve him thereof, but perhaps the offering of the marriage to her Majesty's pleasure might move her Majesty to consider thereof by the advice of her Council. Thus conferring on divers heads, he gathered them into Articles which he sent to Mary, who sent answer when Lord Boyd came to London last June. He showed it to Leicester and Stuart, desiring them to write to Mary, which they did, and he sent it to her. After which better liking of favour did appear between Mary and the Duke by sending and receiving of letters.
[Then follow answers seriatim to the 16 interrogatories (see No. 1370).] To his knowledge nothing further has passed betwixt Mary and Norfolk than an inclination of favour and goodwill in Mary to agree to whatever may be most acceptable to her Majesty. There is no contract passed thereupon. If it should not please her Majesty, Mary desires her not to reward her with unkindness for kindness, but have regard to her honest and true meaning, and let her go forth of the realm into Scotland, or else be conveyed into France to expect there till God work his pleasure for her.
Copy. 3½ pp. [Haynes, pp. 544–547. In extenso.]
1376. Interrogatories for Sir N. Throckmorton.
1569, Oct. [14].1. What speech have you had with any person touching the Queen of Scots' title to the crown of England?
2. Did you say to any that divers of the nobility of this realm had resolved and agreed that she is the second person of the same?
3. Have you not affirmed that she is the second person?
4. And that she should succeed the Queen's Majesty, or else it was like, ere the matter were ended, it would cost many men's lives?
1 p. [Haynes, p. 547. In extenso.]
1377. Answers of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton.
1569, Oct. 14.–1.With none, save with the Earl of Lennox a few words at Greenwich; and Mr. Garret this progress time at Sir Robert Oxenbridge's in Hampshire. The Earl had said he marvelled that the Queen of Scots, a woman so ill thought of heretofore, began now to find friends and to be favoured in England and Scotland. Sir Nicholas answered that three things moved that; first, her misery; second, her entertainment of such as came to her; and third, the opinion that some had of her title in succession, whereunto there were exceptions, as to other titles, and as few to hers as to others. Both he and the Earl then said that they prayed God to preserve the Queen's Majesty, for neither of them would be glad to live under the Queen of Scots.
Asking Garret whether her Majesty were anything appeased, his reply was that she continued still in offence, adding if the Queen liked not the matter he could not like it, nor could think that such as dealt in it had any good meaning. Sir Nicholas replied, “Ye must think that such as have meddled in this matter do mean as dutifully and truly to her Majesty as you do, but you would, by this occasion, make her Majesty an instrument to serve your turns, that ye might the better advance other titles (naming the Earl of Hertford's children), but before you bring that to pass it will cost some broken heads.”
To the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th interrogatories he gives a direct negative.
pp. [Haynes, p. 547. In extenso.]
1378. Declaration of Robert Wiseman.
1569, Oct. 16.At summer, was two years, the Queen being at Tichfield, he, one of the gentlemen pensioners, asked leave of Mr. Garratt, his lieutenant, to go and see his captain, the Earl of Sussex, at York. He took a letter from the Duke of Norfolk to the Earl of Sussex, whom he found at Cawood, containing only salutations. There he rested two nights, and then went towards the Earl of Northumberland, whom he found at one Mr. Daneye's house, with a great assembly of gentlemen and ladies going to dinner. That afternoon the Duke with his party went to Topcliff, where he tarried three days, spent in hawking and hunting. On leaving of the Earl's he went to Cawood, where he hunted with the Earl of Sussex at noon; dinner was brought in a coach into the wood, and there his lordship dined under a great oak. The next day he set out towards Windsor, where he came with whole furniture before any stir of the northern rebels began.
1 p.
Modern copy of the preceding.
1379. The Council to the Earl of Sussex.
1569, Oct. 16.Advertising him that notwithstanding his letter, dated York, October 10, signifying that what had happened since the bruit of the preceding Thursday that there would be a rising that night, was either nothing at all or at an end, yet news coming from Lord Willoughby and others in Lincolnshire that there would be a number in arms in rebellious manner about Kirby Moorside, on Tuesday, the Council send copy of the letter, and pray to be with all haste advertised of its truth.—Windsor, 16 Oct. 1569.
Draft. 2 pp. [Haynes, p. 550. In extenso.]
1380. Sir Thomas Rowe, Lord Mayor of London, to the Privy Council.
1569, Oct. 17.Encloses Dr. Atslow's examination taken before himself, the Recorder, Walsingham, and Marsh; also the examination of Dr. Francks, who confessed he reported that matter to Atslow. Has discharged Atslow, but detains Francks till Colsill may be spoken with. The man being much sought upon for counsel this time of visitation, he asks futher instructions as to his detention.—xvii Oct. 1569.
Enclosing,
(1.) Dr. Atslow's deposition that he heard reported in London that Mr. West, otherwise called Lord La Warr, had accused the Earl of Arundel of treason, and that he advertised the said Lord thereof. He heard it shortly before the Queen came to Windsor of one Dr. Francks, and has reported it to none but the said Lord La Warr and his lady, and one Stoughton, Controller to the Earl of Arundel. Lord La Warr wrote to deponent that it was untrue.—17 Oct. 1569.
(2.) Deposition of Thos. Francks, Dr. in Physic, taken before Sir Thomas Roe, Lord Mayor of London.
Colsill, one of the Queen's pensioners, told him he had heard from Harbard, a servant with the Lord Steward, that Lord La Warr had charged the Earl of Arundel with matters of treason, but he (Colsill) did not believe it, as there was no such report at Court. Deponent hath reported this to none but Edwd. Atslow, Dr. in Physic.—17 Oct. 1569.
1381. The Duke of Norfolk to the Council.
1569, Oct. 19 Beseeching them to continue their favours in procuring her Majesty's favour towards him, assuring them that if he knew to do what should be to her Majesty's satisfaction, no good will would be wanting in him. His health doth every day decay, and he is falling into the disease he had before going to the baths.—From the Tower, 19 October 1569.
½ p. [Haynes, p. 551. In extenso.]
1382. Sir Henry Nevill to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Oct. 20.The Duke [of Norfolk], finding himself not well, and fearing to fall into his disease which he had this last year, was very desirous to write unto my Lords, hoping thereby to obtain some more liberty, as either the wall or the gallery. His stomach is very much troubled with water, which takes away his suppers from him, and causes him to swell in the body, which he thinks is [for] lack of his usual walks. To satisfy his Lordship's request I send this his letter unto you.—From the Tower of London, 20 October.
Endorsed:—20 Oct. 1569.
½ p.
1383. Examination of John Parsons.
[1569, Oct. 20.]Interrogatories to be ministered to John Parsons, touching the resort of his master, Ligons, to the Bp. of Ross' lodging Caldwell's house, in Bread Street, and to others.— Undated.
1 p.
1384. Answer of John Parsons.
[1569, Oct. 20.]The answer of John Parsons to the preceding interrogatories, stating that Mr. Hickford carried the money (300l.) to the Bishop's lodging in Bread St., and then delivered it under his cloak to Mr. Ligons, but knew not of any others of the D. of Norfolk's men resorting to the Bishop. He never knew that Ligons went in the Bishop's company to the E. of Arundel's house, but that they met once since the progress, at Nonsuch, and there remained all night, and the next morning Ligons departed to the Court at Farnham.— Undated.
1 p.
1385. Interrogatories for Higford.
[1569, Oct. 21.]“Common interrogatories with other special interrogatories to be ministered to Hickford.”
Touching his conferences upon the matter of the marriage intended betwixt the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk, and as to messages carried by him between the Duke and the Earls of Pembroke and Leicester.—Undated.
pp.
1386. Answer of Higford.
1569, Oct. 21.The examination of Robert Higford taken the 21st of October 1569.
Stating that he had only heard of the intended marriage by common report in the last progress time; that he had not carried any messages between the Duke and the Earls; that, between Whit-Sunday and Midsummer last, he changed 300l. of silver into gold with one Denham, a goldsmith of Cheapside, which was done so that the Duke might have gold to serve him at the Court, and also for that it was lighter carriage.
Signed. 2¼ pp.
1387. Robert Higford to Sir Ralph Sadler.
1569, Oct. 21.Finds that in his examination before Sadler that day he had charged himself and another man with more than the truth. Was so bold, therefore, to desire Mr. Lieutenant and Sir Henry Nevill to hear his statement. The matter is this. He only exchanged 150l. at Denham's about St. John's-tide, when gold, as Denham's man said, “was geison [scarce] to be gotten,” and therefore it cost 1½d. the pound. Trusts that this fault may be amended in his former confession.—Scribbled this 21st of October at 9 of the clock at night.
1 p.
1388. Interrogatories for Lord Lumley.
1569, Oct. 21.Touching his conferences with the Earl of Arundel, the D. of Norfolk, and the Bp.of Ross, concerning the marriage between the Q. of Scots and the Duke; and as to his dealings with the Spanish Ambassador for matters of the Lady Cecilia.—21 Oct. 1569.
Minute in Cecil's hand. ½ p.
1389. Interrogatories for the Earl of Arundel.
1569, Oct. 21. 1. What did he answer to the Duke at the first motion thereof? 2. Whether did not he first move the matter of the marriage to the Duke, for so the Duke hath said? 3. How often was the Bp. of Ross with the E. of Arundel at Nonsuch? 4. Whether the Bp. and Liggons were there at any one time together?—21 Oct. 1569.
These interrogatories are prefaced by :—“The Q. Maty doth not like the uncertainty of the answers.”
Minute in Cecil's hand. ½ p.
1390. The Examination of Sir Thomas Cornwallis, Knt., taken at Windsor, the 22nd of October 1569.
1569, Oct. 22.The examinate saith, that on Friday in the afternoon, which was the day after the Duke came from London, he met the said Duke by chance, being hunting near Dyst. That, after the Duke's last coming to Kenninghall, he spoke generally of the marriage to Drew Drury and examinate, before which Cantrell had said that the Duke was in the Queen's displeasure, and the cause of it. Cornwallis remarked, that he thought the Duke was not of that mind a twelve-month past. “No,” said the Duke, “you should not have found me of that mind at Christmas last.” Remembers there came to the Duke at Kenninghall Sir Christopher Haydon, Sir John Sylliarde, Mr. Kittson, Mr. Clere, Mr. Hare, Nicholas Bacon, Henry Woodhouse, Sir Ralph Chamberlaine Bassingbourn Gawdy, John Paston, Edward Grimstone, Sir Owen Hopton, William Honnings, and Mr. Townsend. As to the conveyances, he saith, that he was made feoffee for the assurance of the duke's lands to his children, because they were of divers venters.
Copy. 1 p.
1391. Sir Henry Nevill to Sir Ralph Sadler.
1569, Oct. 22.This night Higford, my lord's servant, desired to write that he had yesterday forgot himself about the article of the exchange of the money. He only remembers 150l. that was exchanged, and the residue he had at Howard House. Perceives my lord thinks they [the Council] have some understanding of a matter, but they are not come to perfection, and when they do he [the Duke] doubts not to answer it, but writer thinks all will be laid upon Higgins, who is not yet forthcoming.
1 p.
1392. Interrogatories,
[1569, Oct. 22.]
What time came you to the D. of Norfolk?
How long did you tarry there?
What conference was there of his coming away, or of the marriage?
How many gentlemen of the country did you see or know to be there during the Duke's continuance in the country?
Why did you remain there with him after you understood the cause of his departure?
How do you resort to your parish churches?
Whether do you yearly receive the Communion?
Whether have you delivered any unlawful books to your ordinary, according to the proclamation?
What were the books?
Sir Th. Corn[wallis]. What estates of lands did you execute this summer for the D. of Norfolk?
½ p.
What speech used the D. of Norfolk to you at any time for the marriage with the Q. of Scots?
Draft, in Burghley's hand. 1 line.
1393. Sir Henry Sydney to Lady Cecil.
1569, Oct. 26.After acknowledging his blameworthiness for not writing sooner, congratulates her on the engagement between their children. Prays her to make much of his dear daughter, to whom he sends, through Lady Cecil, his “lovyng and father's kys.” Begs her to have regard that her son does not study too much, “for I fear he wylbe to mutch gyven to hys booke, and yet I have hard of few wyse fathers dout that in thear chyldern.” Sends the bearer, Johan Tassel, whom he heard Lady Cecil was desirous of, to teach Sir Henry's daughter French. Recommends him. Again desires to be remembered to his daughter.—Dublin Castle, 26 Oct. 1569.
pp.
1394. The Examination of Thomas Kytson, taken at Windsor the 27th of October 1569.
1569, Oct. 27.Examinate heard the cause of the Duke's coming to Kenninghall, and of the Queen's displeasure, more particularly from Sir T. Cornwallis, his father-in-law. Did not receive the communion these four or five years, but sometimes came to sermons with the Lord Chief Justice.
Copy. ½ p.
1395. The Examination of Edward Clere, Esquire, taken at Windsor the 27th of October 1569.
1569, Oct. 27.Examinate came to the Duke of Norfolk upon the Monday next after the said Duke's coming to Kenninghall, as a suitor for the wardship of young Knyvet; when the Duke imparted to him two letters he had written to the Queen and the Lords of the Council. Upon Tuesday the Duke showed him the letters which he received by Mr. Garret, and as the cause of his coming away, the Duke told him that he was secretly advertised by his near friends that his life was in peril, and that he tarried so long until he had understanding that his house was beset. The Duke told him that he had dealt none otherwise in the marriage than as he was directed by the Council, and that he had made the Queen privy how far he had dealt therein. There were at his being with the Duke :—Sir Thomas Cornwallis, Sir Chr. Haydon, T. Kytson, T. Huggon, Rich. Coote, “—Thursby that married the Lady Dacres,”
Bassingbourne Gawdy, Sir John Syllyarde, Lord Morley, Hen. Woodhouse, Fermar, Sir Hen. Jerningham's son, Mr. Townsend, John Paston,—Hubert. At his departure on the Tuesday following, the Duke said there were but three ways for him, the one, to repair and submit himself to the Queen, the other, to depart out of the realm and live privately, and the third, to stand upon his guard. Examinate advised him “to come to the court, and there to use the friendship of them which had been his directors.”
Copy. 1¼ pp.
1396. The Examination of Michael Hare.
1569, 27 Oct.He saw the Duke of Norfolk the day aftar he came to Kenninghall. The Duke told him he was come thither in the Queen's displeasure, which was for the matter of the marriage with the Queen of Scots, &c.—Windsor.
½ p.
1397. Lord Lumley to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, 30 [Oct.].Beseeches Cecil's furtherance to the relieving of his state. If by Cecil's means any assurance would please her Highness for his good behaviour, or attendance at command, whereby he might remain with his poor wife, he would think himself greatly bound, &c.
¾ p. [Haynes, p. 551. In extenso.]
1398. Interrogatories for Cantrell.
[1569, October?]Referring to the proposed marriage between Mary Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk.
Draft by Cecil. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 548. In extenso.]
1399. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
1569, Nov. 10.We have received yours of 7 Nov., with copies of those sent to you from the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, the manner whereof we do not allow : yet we are not without hope of a better consideration from them when they shall perceive that your sending for them is on our commandment to come to us. If they send any dilatory answer, send them these several letters signed with our own hand. For more ample authority and commission we mean to send it you by the next messenger; warranting you by these presents to assemble, levy, and arm any of our good subjects, &c.
Draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 552. In extenso.]
1400. The Queen to the Earls of Westmoreland and Northumberland.
1569, Nov. 10.Requiring them, upon their allegiance and in accordance with the direction of the President of the Council in the North, to repair to the Queen at Windsor.—Windsor, 10 Nov. 1569.
Draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 552. In extenso.]
1401. The Queen to the Earl of Cumberland.
1569, Nov. 14.Requiring him to put himself, and such as he may command for the Queen's service, in readiness to suppress unloyal attempts, assemblies without the Queen's authority, &c.; he is to receive information from the Earl of Sussex, and if he shall find it meet to advertise the Queen herself of any other thing, he is to send it by some trusty person. If he see necessary cause to levy any power for the Queen's service before hearing from the President of the North, he is hereby authorised, &c.
Cecil's draft with interlineations. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 553. In extenso.]
1402. The Queen to the Receiver of Yorkshire.
1569, Nov. 15.Instructing him to pay 2,000l. to Sir T. Gargrave, taking his receipt for the same. The residue of the Queen's money coming to his hands is to be paid to the Treasurer of Berwick as heretofore.—15 November 1569.
Minute. ¼ p.
1403. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
1569, Nov. 15.Rebuking him because, notwithstanding his opinion that the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, having refused to come to him, would either flee or take some strength, he yet allowed Northumberland to be spoken to at his house at Topcliffe by his (Sussex's) secretary without seeking to apprehend him.
Cecil's draft. ½ p. [Haynes, p. 553. In extenso.]
1404. The Queen to Sir Thomas Gargrave.
1569, Nov. 16.Notifying her order to the Receiver of the County of York to pay the sum of two thousand pounds to him, to be employed by the President there—whom the Queen has made her Lieutenant-General to the North Parts—for the pacification of the disorders begun—16 November 1569.
Draft in Cecil's hand. ¾ p.
1405. The Queen to Lord Hunsdon.
1569, Nov. 16.In view of rebellion in the North he is to repair to Newcastle, and, if needful, to Berwick, calling out the bands either from Berwick or the county of Northumberland, but with special care for the safety of Berwick. He is to act as Governor of Newcastle and the said county, under the Earl of Sussex. 500l. will be sent to Berwick for the entertainment of such of the garrison as he shall need to employ herein. Holy Island to be warily looked to.
Draft. 2 pp. [Haynes, p. 554. In extenso.]
1406. Minute of the Queen's Letters.
1569, Nov. 17.1. The Queen to Sir Henry Percy.
We are glad to understand of your constancy and forwardness in our service, though against your brother of Northumberland, whom we are sorry to see hazard the overthrow of his house. Continuing your service and duty, we will have regard to the continuance of such a house in the person and blood of so faithful a servant.—Given, &c, the 17th Nov. 1569.
2. The Queen to Lord Scroope.
Give credit to the bearer, Thos. Warcop, in such things as he. shall declare unto you on our behalf, &c.
Draft, 1 p. [Haynes, p. 555. In extenso.]
1407. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
[1569, Nov. 18.]We perceive by yours of 15th inst. in what outrageous sort the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland used themselves at Durham, by tearing the Holy Bible in pieces, overthrowing the communion table, and persuading the people thereto; but not the names of the principal persons with them, their number, the behaviour of the townsmen. You note they make religion the show of their enterprise. Earnestly and effectually publish and notify to all the county how untrue this pretence is, and that they seek nothing so greedily as to subdue the realm under the yoke of foreign princes, &c. One of the Earls has already so wasted his own patrimony that he will not let to spoil others.
We allow your intention to be in the field, 12 miles from Bransby, by the 21st inst.; set upon the rebels then without delay, if you are in sufficient strength; if otherwise, entertain them with talk, &c. till our cousin of Hunsdon come up. Your doubt of the steadfastness of our subjects in the country seems strange, as we must have many faithful and trusty subjects there. Choose those most likely to continue in their duty. If any resort to your side to stir mutiny amongst your servants, make an example of two or three by their speedy execution. We will take order against any foreign attempt by sea or land. Commissions for lieutenancy to second you have been sent into cos. Lincoln, Notts, Derby, Stafford, Lancashire, and Cheshire. As to pardon for the Earls and their chief partakers, it standeth not with our honour, without further deliberation, to pardon them; but to the meaner sort you may grant our pardon according to your discretion.
Draft. 5 pp. [Haynes, pp. 555–558. In extenso.]
1408. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex.
[1569, Nov. 18.]Sends bearer, Sir Ralph Sadler, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, to inform him of the Queen's determinations and meaning, and to assist him with counsel, &c. He is also to act as treasurer of the sums sent for the purpose of these troubles.
Draft. 1¼ pp. [Haynes, p. 558. In extenso.]
1409. Lieutenants of Counties.
1569, Nov. 20.Commissions of lieutenancy for putting the kingdom in readiness to resist the rebels in the North, as follows :—
Cos. Notts. and Derby The Earl of Shrewsbury.
” Lancaster and Chester ” Derby.
” Leicester and Rutland ” Huntingdon.
” Stafford Viscount Hereford.
” Lincoln Lord Clinton, Lord Admiral.
” Norfolk and Suffolk Lord Wentworth.
” Essex Lords Rich and Darcy of Chiche.
” Devon and Cornwall The Earl of Bedford.
” Sussex Lords Montague, Buckhurst, and De La Warr.
” Dorset Lord Montjoy and Sir Wm. Poulett.
” Cambridge Lord North.
” Gloucester Lord Chandos.
” Huntingdon Sir Walter Mildmay and Sir Robt. Tirwhit.
” Salop Sir Andrew Corbett.
” Warwick The Earl of Warwick.
” Somerset and Wilts The Earl of Pembroke.
” Bucks Lord Grey.
” Oxon Sir Francis Knollys.
” Surrey The Lord Chamberlain.
” Herts Sir Ralph Sadler.
” Hants The Lord Treasurer.
” Beds Lord St. John of Bletso.
” Middlesex The Lord Treasurer.
” Worcester The Earl of Leicester.
” Northampton Marquis of Northampton.
” Kent Lord Cobham.
” London The Lord Mayor, Lord Treasurer, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Thos. Wroth, Sir Wm. Garrard, Lionel Duckett, and Thos. Wilbraham
Draft. 2 pp. [Haynes, pp. 559, 560. In extenso.]
1410a. The Queen to the Lieutenant of the Tower (Sir Francis Jobson).
1569, Nov. 21.Where her Majesty by her letters of the 8th of October last, willed him to receive the D. of Norfolk into his charge, with Sir H. Nevill to attend to the Duke's safe keeping; she is now pleased to relieve Sir Henry for 15 days, and to appoint Mr. H. Knollys during his absence. The Lieutenant is also permitted to remove the Duke to any other lodging in the Tower, near joining to the Long Gallery, so as it be none of the Queen's own lodgings, and to suffer the Duke to have the commodity to walk in that gallery, having always the said Knollys in his company.
Endorsed :—“Minute. 21 Nov. 1569.”
1 p.
1410b.—The Queen to Mr. Henry Knollys.
1569, Nov. 21.Ordering him to repair to the Tower to take charge of the D. of Norfolk for 15 days, during the absence of Sir Henry Nevill.—Windsor, 21 November 1569,
Minute. ¾ p.
1411. John, Earl of Cassillis to [Archibald Douglas].
1569, Nov. 21.I received your letters at ray coming to this town on the 15th instant, as also the two writs which were enclosed, but as yet I received not the act of association which I look for when your lordship shall find an assured bearer. I have conferred with the bearer in the things which concern you; you shall receive this ring in token that I shall not be forgetful to “interpone” myself and such as I may have credit with.—Edinburgh, this Tuesday, (fn. 1) the 21 day of November 1569.
Signed :—“Johne, Erle of Cassillis.”
Holograph. 1 p.
1412. The Queen to the Captain of the Isle of Wight.
1569, Nov. 22.A note of the Queen's letter to Mr. Horsey, Captain of the Isle of Wight, ordering him to repair with all speed to the Queen with 500 of the best harquebussiers of his band, leaving some trusty gentleman in his stead to take charge of the said Isle.— 22 November 1569.
1 p.
1413. The Rebellion in the North.
1569, Nov. 24.The Queen directs the lieutenants of certain shires to send forces of horse and foot to Leicester to the Earl of Warwick and Lord Clinton in command of the army there assembled against the rebel Earls.
Draft. 1 p.
1414. The Queen to the Lord Admiral.
1569, Nov. 24.Appointing him and the Earl of Warwick Lieutenants-General of the forces against the rebels, to be assisted by the levies from various counties to assemble at Leicester by the 5th Dec. For their entertainment order has been given for 1,500l. to be sent by Barnham to Robert Carr, and 2,000l. more will be sent to Edward Eglionby at Leicester, &c.
Draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 561. In extenso.]
1415. The Queen to Sir Gervase Clifton.
1569, Nov. 26.Directing him to join Lord Darcy at Doncaster for its defence.
Cecil's draft. 1 p.
1416. Levies in the several Counties.
1569, Nov. 26.Number of horsemen and foot soldiers, consisting of corslets, archers, billmen, and harquebuzers to be raised from the several counties named, amounting in all to 810 horse and 4,600 foot together with a list of shires appointed to be ready upon an hour's warning with 502 horse and 5,400 foot.
Minuie corrected by Cecil. 2¼ pp. [Haynes, pp. 562, 563. In extenso.]
1417. Lieutenancy of Hertfordshire.
1569, Nov. 26.Draft warrant to Jo. Brocket and George Horssey, Deputy Lieutenants of Hertfordshire, to execute the charge of the Lieutenant of the said county, in the absence of Sir Ralph Sadler, employed in the north about the suppressing of the rebels there.
Endorsed :—26 Nov. 1569.
½ p.
1418. The Queen to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
1569, Nov. 26.Thankfully acknowledges his offers of service reported by Henry Skipwith. Although his services be required against the rebels yet the Queen has forborne to molest him, as well on account of his infirmity and inability to travel, as for the special respect of looking to the person of her whom the world beholdeth to be the principal hidden cause of these troubles. Two or three of the Council are writing to him and Huntingdon concerning her.
Cecil's draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 561. In extenso.]
1419. The Two Rebel Earls' Protestation sent to the Earl of Derby, and by him to the Court, 2 Dec. 1569.
[1569, Nov. 26.]Whereas sinister and wicked reports have been published that the assembly of these noblemen and sundry of greatest worship hath been to the overthrow of the Commonwealth and Crown, they and their Council signify to all the Queen's subjects their true meaning. It hath been faithfully and deliberately considered and devised by the high and mighty Prince Thomas Duke of Norfolk, Henry Earl of Arundel, 'William Earl of Pembroke, and the said Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, and divers others of the ancient nobility, with the consent of sundry principal favourers of God's Word (for avoiding bloodshed and the subversion of the Commonwealth and for reforming disorders) to make known to all manner of persons to whom of mere right the true succession of the Crown appertaineth, dangerously and uncertainly depending by reason of many titles. Which godly meaning of the nobility hath been sought to be prevented by enemies of the realm near the Queen's person, by whom their lives and liberties are now endangered, and devices made to apprehend our bodies. We have therefore assembled ourselves to resist force by force. We commit ourselves, seeing no intercession will help, to the mercy and goodness of God, &c. resolved wholly to adventure our lives, whereunto we heartily crave the true aid of all faithful favorers of the quietness of this Commonwealth, and the ancient nobility. God save the Queen and the Nobility.
Endorsed by Cecil. 1¼ pp. [Haynes, p. 564. In extenso.]
1420. The Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland to Lord Monteagle.
1569, Nov. 26.Of the same purport as the next letter, to the Earl of Derby [No. 1421.]—Ripon, 26 November 1569.
1 p.
Modern copy of preceding.
1421. The Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland to the Earl of Derby.
1569, Nov. 27.We have thought good to make you privy to our intent, for what causes we have assembled ourselves in arms, and how we proceed for the benefit of our estates and surety of the Crown of England. We send here inclosed the very form of our proclamation. For the great confidence we have in your Lordship's virtuous meaning and religion, with the care you have of the preservation of the Queen's Majesty and the quiet of this Commonwealth, the maintenance of true religion and the conserving of the ancient nobility, with the safety of your friends and their houses, we most heartily require you to raise your powers to join with ours, and to procure such aid in your territories as may be more terror to effect our godly enterprise. Let us receive an assurance of your good meaning, and with speed.—Ripon, 27 Nov. 1569.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 564. In extenso.]
1422. Postponement of the Musters.
1569, Nov. 29.Draft Signet Bill, corrected by Burghley, postponing the musters at Bagshot, previously fixed for the 10th of December.— Windsor, 29 November 1569.
Endorsed :—“Minute of 6 letters written by the Q. Maty to the lieutenants in Hampshire, Sussex, Kent, Essex, Bedford, Oxford.”
Sign Manual at head. ½ p.
1423. The Earl of Derby to the Queen.
1569, Nov. 29.Forwards the letter with the protestation received from the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, “the which after I had received, perceiving the same to be unsealed, and, upon perusing, finding the matter to swerve so far from the duty of any good subjects, [I] thought it my part to give the same to be understanded of your Majesty.” Also forwards the like letter and protestation sent to Lord Monteagle. —From Lathom, the 29th Nov. 1569.
½ p. [Haynes, p. 563. In extenso.]
1424. The Queen to the Lord Admiral.
1569, Nov. 29.Forwards letters dated 25th inst. from the Earl of Sussex, Lord Hunsdon, and Sir Ralph Sadler. The lack of money and munition impeaching the Earl from pursuing the rebels, he is to send horsemen and “shott” to York by way of Hull and Doncaster. If the Earl have the powers sent for from the Earl of Cumberland, Lord Scrope, Sir John Forster, and Sir George Bowes, he might enter the field, but these supplies are doubtful. The munition first sent to York was diverted to Leicester because of the rebels' access to Tadcaster. More is now sent, &c, also 1,500l., and this day 2,000l. for Sadler. 2,000l. more will follow by Robert Carr, &c.
Cecil's draft. 3¼ pp. [Haynes, p. 565. In extenso.]
1425. The Council to the Earl of Sussex.
1569, [Nov.].As the rebels pretend they seek an alteration of the established religion, and in place thereof with hypocrisy amongst the vulgar gross people cause certain lewd collations to be made in commendation of the Pope and the Mass, Council think that the Queen's subjects assembled to suppress those Popish traitors should contrariwise be armed with God's grace by making open profession of their true manner of service, &c, and therefore direct the Earl to give order that daily there shall be in several places convenient for the whole army public and common prayers used, so that all once a day at least be present to hear the Litany; captains and principal officers absenting themselves unnecessarily not to be employed; discreet preachers at convenient times and specially on holy days to use honest and godly exhortations to the people to be true to the Queen, “of whom much good may be truly spoken, &c.” The bishops are not to forbear to furnish the army of sufficient preachers and instructors, who are “to deal in their sermons only with matter proper for the common people in the army, and not to treat of hard matters in question, being not so meet for the multitude nor for the time.”
Cecil's draft. 3 pp. [Haynes, p. 558. In extenso.]
1426. The Queen to the [Earl of Sussex].
[1569, Nov. ].Upon receipt of his letters of the 13th of this month, brought by his servant Freville, notifying in what sort the two Earls were, since the 9th inst., assembled at Brancepeth in the Bishoprick, her Majesty had thought it convenient to send at once the commission of lieutenancy. Instructs him that in case the Earls do not submit themselves forthwith, proclamations are to be made in divers parts declaring the said two Earls, Richard Norton, and Thomas Markenfield, to be rebels, and offering the Queen's grace to those of the Earls' adherents who should quietly repair to their own dwellings.— Undated.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. 1½ pp.
1427. The Queen to the Earl of Warwick.
1569, Dec. 1.Has this day received letters from the Earl of Sussex, Lord Hunsdon, and Sir Ralph Sadleir, dated at York the 28th ultimo, in which it is stated that the rebels had retired to Richmond and intended to lie in the Bishoprick, to stop the forces coming out of Northumberland, and Cumberland, or else to flee out of the realm. And understanding that the force at York is not able with surety to overmatch the rebels, it is moved by the said Earl that if the Lord Admiral, being nearest to them with his force, might aid them with 1,000 horsemen, 500 pikes armed, and 500 shot, they would be able to pursue and overthrow the rebels. This had also been communicated to the Lord Admiral, who by his letter of the 29th of November, notified that he had sent a copy to Warwick. Urges him by conference with the Lord Admiral to further this intention and to proceed with the army as speedily as possible to Nottingham, and thence to Doncaster. Of the reinforcements under Layton and Edward Horsey, suggests that those under the latter should be sent to the Earl of Sussex. Notifies that a supply of treasure is to be for the north delivered to the charge of Robert Carr, at Newark, against the Earl's coming to Nottingham, and approves of the selection of the latter place for the assembly of the levies out of Cheshire and Lancashire.
Endorsed.—“po Xbr. 1569.”
Draft, corrected by Cecil. 2¼ pp.
1428. The Queen to the Lord Admiral.
1569, Dec. 1.Letters received from the Earl of Sussex, Hunsdon, and Sadler, dated York, 28th November, advertise us of the retiring of the rebels to Richmond, and that if they had 1,000 horsemen with lances, 500 armed pikes, and 500 shot, they would pursue them. Half these numbers might greatly further the service, therefore confer with the Earl of Warwick how it might be done. Directions as to their arming and despatch, &c.
Draft, with Cecil's interlineations. 2 pp. [Haynes, p. 566. In extenso.]
1429. The Duke of Norfolk to the Queen.
1569, Dec. 3.Mr. Vice-Chamberlain having shown him a copy of Northumberland's proclamation, he assures the Queen he never dealt with any of the rebels, either for the matter of religion (wherein he abhors theirs) or else for the matter of title, or casting any dangers with them for the doubtfulness of succession of the crown. In trial he will not refuse to answer his innocency, &c. The heart in his body never yet had any undutiful thought to the Queen's person nor realm.— 3 December 1569.
P.S.—Mr. Vice-Chamberlain also showed him Lord Derby's dutiful letter, of the which he was not more glad than he was sorry to see the undutifulness of the other two Earls.
pp. [Haynes, p. 567. In extenso.]
1430. The Earls of Shrewsbury and Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
[1569], Dec. 4.Have received his letter of the 2nd inst., by which they perceive that her Majesty's pleasure is that the women about this Queen shall still remain as they do, but the men should be reduced to as small a number as they could. Dare not trust their discretions herein and therefore, desiring direction, enclose a paper, showing how many they think to be fit, and also how many persons she [Q. of Scots] hath here, and what office each supplies. Desire to know her Majesty's resolution, what shall become of this Queen for her remove, or whether she shall still remain here; for he [Shrewsbury] brought about 30 carriages, “and in them was no kind of stuff, but this Queen's, and my armour, saving the furniture of my own lodging and some beer.” He did not bring any beds and such necessary stuff, as he looked not to have tarried so long, and now he stays to send for any, as by the Queen's letters it appears the abode shall not be long. Inform Cecil that yesterday they brought the Queen to this house, which was sometimes the Lord Chief Baron's, where, to lie long will not be convenient, for the house is so straight of room that the Queen's people must of necessity be in the town, as they do at present, even though they should be reduced to such a number as is noted in the paper.—Coventry, 4 December.
Desire that the letter should be imparted to the Marquis of Northampton and the Earl of Leicester.
Signed. Seal, 1 p.
1431. The Queen to the [Earl of Warwick and Lord Clynton].
[1569, Dec. 4.]Instructing them to concert measures with the other principal leaders of her Majesty's forces, for the suppression of the rebellion in the North. The Queen understands many ways that both in Lincolnshire, in Nottinghamshire, and about Doncaster and Wakefield, there are to be had great numbers of able men to serve, so as they had armour and weapons; and, as for the footmen with the rebels, her Majesty has at all times heard that they are of no value, but vulgar and common people, unarmed, and the less to be considered.— Undated.
Rough blank draft, in Cecil's hand. 4½ pp.
1432. The Earl of Pembroke to the Queen.
1569, Dec. 5.Understands by the Council's letter that his name is most falsely and wickedly abused by the protestation of the two traitorous Earls, but the Queen's good opinion signified by their letter relieves him. Has in part answered the matter by his letters to the Council; but in fuller satisfaction hereby protests that he was never privy to so much as a motion of any attempt, either of these bankrupt Earls or of any man's else against religion or the Queen's person. God forbid he should live the hour now in his old age to stain his former life with one spot of disloyalty.—From his house at Wilton, 5 December 1569.
½ p. [Haynes, p. 568. In extenso.]
1433. The Earl of Arundel to the Lords of the Council.
1569, Dec. 5.Requests them to signify to the Queen touching the writing (the rebel Earls' proclamation) that he was never of counsel with them or others in those matters, but as mere a stranger as any of their Lordships to their rebellious devices, and that he can think no otherwise of the rest of the noblemen there charged than of himself. Thanks the Queen for having no doubt of his fidelity. Is her Majesty's faithful subject and true prisoner.—At Nonsuch 5th Decr. 1569.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 569. In extenso.]
1434. The Earl of Pembroke to the Privy Council.
1569, Dec. 6.Has received their letter of the 4th of December and copies of the Earl of Derby's letter to her Majesty, and of “the false traitorous rebels' letters and protestation unto him.” Takes it as a special part of her Majesty's clemency, that not doubting his fidelity and loyalty, she hath given him to understand of their false, wicked, and malicious nomination of him as a favourer of their detestable treason and rebellion, and required his knowledge of the truth or falsehood thereof concerning himself. For the two other noble personages likewise named by them, he protests that he never knew, nor found occasion to suppose any spark of such meaning in them; if he had, he would surely have defied them. In those conferences that he had been at, of the Q. of Scots' marriage, both Leicester and Burghley know with what earnestness he always protested the maintenance of the established religion, and conservation of her Majesty's person against all attempters or motioners to the contrary. Is ready at all hours to justify his truth and loyalty against their falsehood and treason; and had been at the day and place appointed, if he had not been countermanded by her Majesty's letters. But, for these two traitorous Earls, his little conversation with them, or to say more truly, his small, or, in respect no acquaintance with them, may sufficiently discharge him of having any way to deal with them, as those whose trade of life and dealing with the world he did always mislike with.—Wilton, 6 December 1569.
Signed. 1 p.
1435. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 6.Has perceived in many ways the great suspicion gathered of Lord Sussex's doings and fears the first gatherer was some subtil merchant. Many do follow the matter as much as they may to his discredit. Is sure he [Sussex] would be able to answer as a true gentleman. Perceives Sadler has so certified him as is to the contention of the Queen, but the writer would put Cecil in mind that some order be taken how Sussex, the Queen's Lieutenant in the north, and the two Lords, also her Majesty's Lieutenants of the army, may take their place and charge. As Cecil knows “there be great minds on all sides and what quarrels hath been olim.”—From Coventry this 6th of December 1569.
P.S.—This Queen's last letters to her Majesty, as also those to Leicester and Cecil himself, were written and sealed before the matter was broken to her, whereof as she told him [Huntingdon] she did write.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 569. In extenso.]
1436. The Queen to Lord Scroope.
1569, Dec. 7.Requests him to employ all his forces to suppress the rebels, and to see Hussy, lately taken by Lamplugh, safely sent up without conference, and Lamplugh thanked for his service. The Queen finds it strange he should send out of Cumberland and Westmoreland for her service but 200 horsemen, and not even that force without money being first sent him. So important a service should not have been delayed for lack of so small a sum of money.
1 p. [Haynes, p. 570. In extenso.]
1437. The Queen to the Earl of Cumberland.
1569, 7 Dec.Letters sent him last month having been intercepted by the rebels, the Queen reiterates her orders to him that he levy and equip forces for her service to be directed by orders from the Earl of Sussex or the Earl of Warwick, or our Admiral. Having consideration to his infirmity and inability to take any vehement travel abroad, the Queen, requiring the services of Lord Scrope, Warden of the West Marches, authorises him to take the rule, &c. of his officers during his absence.
Draft, with Cecil's corrections. 1½ pp. [Haynes, p. 570. In extenso.]
1438. G. A. to John Marsh [Governor of the Company of Merchants].
1569, Dec. 8.Is credibly informed by letters from the Low Countries and elsewhere, that the Duke of Alva had promised to aid certain English nobles against the Queen and the religion; with which aim the Duke had obtained in Holland and Zealand a large number of ships, ready equipped, together with much artillery. One of his sons is appointed to proceed to some harbour in Norfolk with a number of men, among whom were certain Spanish Councillors appointed, to wit, the “Council of Blood,” as they are in the Low Countries, inquisitors, who would inflict horrible punishments; and would do their best to make the Queen of Scotland the Queen of England as well, in order to subject the whole kingdom to the Romish Church. The Duke had stopped all the “hulks” and other ships that were ready to sail for Spain, declaring it as his intention to send these men to assist the King against the Moors, his real intention being to land them in England, either in the north, or in some part of Scotland, for the Scottish papists are also confederates. The said Duke and his confederates intend, after having reduced England, Scotland, and France to the Romish religion, to proceed to Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Saxony, and Friesland. Trusts her Majesty will have her men-of-war ready at convenient places. It is known that the con spirators do not spare money to win over those they consider to be necessary,—8 December 1569.
Endorsed by Cecil :—“A letter to Mr. Marsh.”
French. 2 pp.
1439. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 9.Is sorry to hear of the objections made against good counsels given by true affected councillors. “God amend the fault wheresoever it be, or else our Country and Sovereign shall taste, I fear, of sharper storms, even from the north, perhaps, or some other coast, than doth yet blow.” Looks for no alteration of his state till the new year, and therefore takes a house till after Christmas for himself and family. Keeps a chamber, but cannot lodge, for straitness of room, in the house where the Queen lieth; and for remove of this Queen from hence before Christmas he does not look, because her Majesty is not hasty in resolving. The Charter-House here is no evil lodging for her, and in a fortnight or three weeks may well be prepared, strong enough it is, and good for the solitariness of it; all offices may be satisfied here, with a good keeper, without which no place will serve. Has not written hereof to the E. of Leicester at this time; in his other letters he wrote to the Earl that he meant to go see his house there. Spares to write his liking till he knows Cecil's opinion of the place. By the letter enclosed, Cecil will perceive what causes of doubt are daily offered unto him, but he neither mistakes nor mistrusts this so much as he does others, wherein he cannot deal, but would provide for it if a commandment were obtained, that for the more ease of my lord's people, he be charged with half the watch. In which, as in nothing else, he has dealt, since her Majesty wrote by express words that my lord should take the whole charge, and that his abode should be but for a time. With this warrant he “should prevent that, which this writer seemeth most to fear.”— Coventry, 9 December 1569.
P.S.—Cannot but note unto Cecil the speech that passeth amongst many, how earnest a dealer Cecil was for this marriage, for which the Duke and others do suffer her Majesty's displeasure, yea, it is reported from the mouth of some of the sufferers, that in persuasion, Cecil yielded such reasons for it, as he [the Duke] by them was most moved to consent. Communicates this as a friend.
Holograph. 2 pp.
Modern copy of preceding.
pp.
1440. The Duke of Norfolk to the Queen.
1569, Dec. 12.Sir Henry Nevill delivered to him by mouth certain articles which he trusts he has answered as far as his ill memory will suffer him. It was never good but is grown much worse by want of health since his imprisonment. Now that he sees how unpleasant this matter of the Queen of Scots is to her Majesty, he never intends to deal further therein, and will not refuse to yield any assurance the Queen shall please to command. As for marriage any other where, although his ill-health and the place he is in is unfit to think of any such matter, yet hereafter, as he shall find it best content her Highness, he will the sooner apply himself thereto for the Queen's satisfaction. Prays deliverance “out of this dolorous house.”
¾ p. [Haynes, p. 571. In extenso.]
1441. Sir Henry Nevill to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 12.Having so far overshot myself, as 1 find no help but to crave pardon at her Majesty's hands, I am bold to crave your friendship to help me to her Highness, for that I was so fond to take upon me so sundry and great causes to carry from her Majesty's mouth only, knowing beforehand the dulness of my memory, and not craving of her to have the same in writing, whereby a direct answer might be made by my lord to her satisfaction. I have now but robbed at her Majesty's messages, and I fear rather misreported them; her Majesty told them apace to a sloven receiver and a worse carrier. I pray you, sir, entreat her to bear with my first fault, and if there be any further service herein to be done, let me receive it in writing. Now, sir, to send you London news; we say here that three of Norton's sons are coming to my Lord of Sussex to crave pardon for their father, and they are sorry they have gone so far. There is here a very pretty book set out, directed unto the rebels, which I showed unto the Duke, who likes it not in some few places, for that he thinks he means by him some part of his writing. Yesterday we had here a learned sermon by Deriug, and at the hearing thereof were Watson and Fecknam; Watson, after he came to his chamber, said, that he looked not to have heard such a sermon in these days. He took the 6th chapter of John and so fell to the Sacrament. I pray God mollify their hearts, others we have not here. Being thus in my letter, the Duke called for me, and desired pen and ink to write this letter unto the Queen, where he does somewhat relent in forsaking the cause of his trouble, with an introduction to marriage; which if the Queen do or will follow, he, having no comfort to the contrary, I doubt not it will be brought to pass with speedy devices. For the purpose, liberty he would have first. If he might, let her Majesty not “slack” this, if she think it may do her service, for if she do, there will be some device for the stay thereof. If you think this well begun, let him hear so from you, and if there be any misliking, the thing known from you, it shall be laboured by me what I can.—Written at the Tower this 12 December. At the head of the letter, “1569.”
pp.
1442. The Marquis of Northampton, Earl of Leicester and Sir Wm. Cecil to the Earl of Pembroke.
1569, Dec. 14.The Queen, considering his demonstrations of grief at her displeasure, is willing to accept his profession, and requires him to repair to her before Christmas for discharge of the duties of his office.
Cecil's draft. 1 p. [Haynes, p. 571. In extenso.]
1443. Sir H. Nevill to Sir W. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 15.Begs him to render his most humble thanks to the Queen “in that it has pleased her to pardon his fond and presumptuous fault.” Has, according to Cecil's letter, read over her Majesty's articles to the Duke several times, which the latter has answered by letter addressed to Cecil. As will appear by his letter, the Duke conceives that in effect they are answered before, and hopes so well of her Majesty's favour that he trusts he may in his next letter from Cecil receive some comfort.—The Tower, 15 Dec.
1 p.
1444. The Duke of Norfolk to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 15.Has little of new to answer Sir Henry Nevill's articles. As for Martingfield he never knew him. As to the rest thinks his former replies sufficient. Touching the marriage, meant nothing but that he thought by that means no papist prince should obtain the Scots' Queen. Begs Cecil's help to interpret the best of his answers and to continue his friend.—15 Dec. 1569.
¾ p. [Haynes, p. 572. In extenso.]
1445. John Handford to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 18.The displeasure which it pleased your Lordship of late to publish in the Star Chamber most vehemently against me in the favour of Sir Richard Wenman, plaintiff, both by your mistaking and defacing the true date of my obligation, as also by your challenging and restraining the lawful liberty of my counsellor, and by your so stoutly defending and warranting the cracked and crooked credit of Francis Barty, a bankrupt, it did seem, not only to me, but to others, most strange and wonderful, no less in respect of your continual former indifferency and modesty to all others, than of that your new-found and insolent rigour then towards me, in so furthering such open extremities and cruelties, as the executing and over-long suffering whereof, be already to your foul reproach and dishonour, both of the Lord Keeper, and chiefly of the Earl of Leicester, being by right the sole and only judge of and for all this matter. Wherefore, as the shameless slanderous shifts and subtleties of this plaintiff and his advocate, which in this false suit, now more than two years, have full well been tried before you, cannot now hide the light of ray right, especially, not from the sharpness of your understanding, so, though my Lord of Leicester's own conscience, more than all my long complaint to the Lord Keeper, may most justly burden them both with all the unlawful foreign proceeding in this suit; yet without all fear and flattery I speak it, the due persuasion—which is more of you than of some other rulers' godly consideration—doth give me better hope of your present pity, than of them of whom I have not sought it, and farther deserved it. For as the troubles and torments be now toto intolerable, which this false plaintiff had so long forced upon me, not only by his own power, but much more by the practice and despiteful deceits of some others; and chiefly of all, my four brothers, yea, of my own old servants, most violently spoiling me of my wealth, health, and credit, all hardened thereunto by their only confidence in the plaintiff, and most stoutly threatening me by brags and boasts, that his only force should be all their sufficient bucklers therein. And as the Lord Keeper's devilish decree already passed and executed to the plaintiff's own pleasure, by my false discredit, and the Earl of Leicester's dishonour; and as the careless conscience of the said Earl, confessing expressly by word and writing to my counsellor and others, himself most sore charged with his first sufferance thereof, by his three years' over-long softness and suspicious silence, have driven me now even unto utter despair of all their discretion and equity therein, so, if now by your careful conscience my right do not find some present just redress, before, or at the instant time of my appointed penalties, my last extreme refuge is and shall be (God willing) unto the Queen's most high and worthy Majesty, by such open outcry and explanation against the lack of justice, as I have just occasion. Nor even do I know why or wherein to doubt of your displeasure, otherwise than by my travail once with Sir Thomas Smythe for the trying out how a certain secret practice—betwixt the Houses of Swethen[Sweden] and Somerset, first discovered to her Majesty by the Earl of Bedford—was straightway after disclosed by you unto Mr. Newdigate, Esquire; from all which doubt Francis Barty did eftsones so clean deliver me, that by no light persuasions he did even then most friendly wish me into your Lordship's present service, which, but for the unhappy lack of health, had been by me most heartily embraced; the remembrance whereof doth put me in great hope of your present good-will, without fear of the old or new grudge against me. And as it is like you did then well conceive that my travail in the aforesaid trial was not nor could have been of myself, but only by the Earl of Leicester's provocation, for due discharge (as he pretended) of his own only danger, so, if the true occasion were also thoroughly known unto you which did move the said Earl to use rather me than any other in that service, only Barty's busy beginning thereof would fully excuse all my after meddlings therein, but that, with many more, more private points of his dishonesty and danger, they have not nor shall be by me descried any farther than the very necessity of my own due defence shall enforce me. Nor in four years' suit being still provoked, did I ever touch him with discredit before the very last Court-day, and yet then only in four of his such misdealings which long before were most commonly known, and therefore least to his shame and danger. What greater privities I could, if I would, then have published, to God and to himself I do refer it, etc. For the worthiness of Barty's wily wit, his singular subtle shifts, his fine faith and pretty practices, with the deepness also of his most dangerous devices and discourses, these 12 years they have been to me not unknown, nor to him without great gain and credit, even by my simple furtherance, as he well knoweth. But leaving all talk of him, the only cause of this my petition being to procure your gracious pity presently against a presumptuous plaintiff, and how falsely I am charged with the forgery of a lease made to me from Lord Williams of Thame, lately deceased; who, at my first coming to his service, being then Treasurer of the Augmentations, did presently place me under his chief clerk, then ready to depart. The reversion with all profits of whose office his lordship did assure me within the next six months following, or else some yearly pension of 100 marks for life. Within the which time he altered his mind, and gave me the charge of his youngest son, and in this sort I served him truly above five years. [Here follows a long statement of a suit in Chancery in connexion with the lease.] And thus for your better persuasion I have cast some shadows of the shameless shifts practised by this plaintiff from long before the first of this his false suit hitherto, for a plainer proof whereof, and for a full disproof of all slanders against me, I am ready by word or writing as I shall be further commanded thereunto.—From the Fleet the 18th of December 1569.
pp. closely written.
1446. The Earl of Huntingdon to Sir Wm. Cecil.
1569, Dec. 19.It will appear by our joint letters what S. Bogge did bring more than the Bp. of Ross's letters and the copies of such letters as the said Earl hath lately written to Leicester. If you mind to have this Queen kept wholly from practice, you must take better order with us and give better direction how such messengers shall be used; for if great chance had not been, we had found nothing but what himself had liked to let us see. To suffer none such to come here were best. This Queen is earnestly advised to write often to her Majesty. I spare to touch matters often and lately remembered, for nothing follows thereof. I wish her Majesty would send my passport, for I do no service here.— Coventry, 19 December 1569.
P.S. The letters which this Queen hath written, nor any other that Sandy doth bring, did we see; that is left to you.
At head, “Immanuell.”
1 p.
1447. The Queen to the Earl of Warwick.
1569, Dec. 26.The rebellion being dispersed by the flight of the two Earls, and sickness (whereof he cannot be delivered by remaining in the North) now troubling him, he is to return, leaving the Admiral in charge of the troops. His painful service is well allowed by the Queen, who heartily thanks him and wishes to see him in good health. He and the Admiral are to have consideration for the diminution of the Queen's charges.
Cecil's draft. 1¼ pp. [Haynes, p. 572. In extenso.]
1448. Edmund Turner to the Duke of Norfolk.
1569, Dec. 29.About a month since, the audit was appointed to be kept at Kirk-Oswald as heretofore, he being commanded by his master to repair thither, to receive the revenues due to the Queen by reason of the minorities of the sisters and coheirs of George Lord Dacre, deceased. When within seven miles thereof, he met Thomas Carlton, land-sergeant of Gillesland, and William Hutton, two of his grace's servants, who earnestly persuaded him not to proceed thither; for if Mr. Leonard Dacre, whom they named to be Lord Dacre, or his brother Edward, or their confederates, might meet with him, he should hardly escape with his life. They told him that Edward Dacre, and a number with him, in warlike manner, with ladders had scaled the walls of Graystock Castle, and finding therein Thomas Bird and Laurence Bussher with their wives and families, Dacre had commanded Bird to deliver up the keys, which being refused, one of the company drew his dagger and struck Bird in the shoulder whereof he lay in great peril of death. With like force the Bells and Milburnes of Gillesland, did climb over the walls at Naward Castle, and put out the servants of Thomas Carleton who had the keeping of it. The Castle of Kirk-Oswald also was entered in the night time, and won by Christopher Elwood with a number of disordered persons; the duke's servants being detained as prisoners and almost famished, and then thrown out of doors. About the same time the Borderers entered the Castle of Rowcliff. The taking of the said castles was as it were all in one instant, in the name of Lord Leonard Dacre, to the Queen's use, for that his grace was beheaded, as the report was, with the day and place of his execution. All the evidences, which were at the least one thousand pieces, Dacre had taken away, and had broken the chests where the same were laid up safely for the maintenance of the rights of the wards. The Dacres had burned beacons in the night time for the assembly of men, to withstand the re-entry of the Lord Warden. All which was done without any warrant. Under these circumstances, the writer determined to return to London to advertise his master of the same, and coming homeward he met the feodary of Lancashire, who said, that an office was forthwith to be found after the death of Lord Dacre, for the manor of Halton. Also, since his return hither Mr. Carleton, and Richard Kitchen one of the keepers of Kirk-Oswald had come from Cumberland with the information that the Dacres had entered the Castle of Askerton, Denton Tower, and Cumcatch, co. Cumberland, three of the wards' houses. They also affirmed that divers of Dacre's servants had entered into the College of Kirk-Oswald, which the Duke held for a term of years, and had removed the goods to Naward and had broken up the tithe-barn door at Penrith. Mr. Dacre had appointed Humphrey Musgrave as land-sergeant, John Briscoe as steward of Burgh Barony, and Rowland Vaux as steward of Gillesland. —Howard House, 29 December 1569.
2 pp.
1449. Thomas Beale.
1569.Confession of Thomas Beale relative to his dealings with Leonard Dacre, and to his complicity in the rebellion of the North.
Endorsed:—“1569.”
2 pp.
1450. “A Declaration of the Queen's Proceedings since her Reign.” [From endorsement.]
1569.This declaration appears to have been made on the occasion of the suppression of the rebellion led by the Earls of Westmoreland and Northumberland. In addition to the ordinary publication thereof, it is, for the sake of the unlearned, ordered to be read by all curates in their parish churches, at such times as the bishops and ordinaries shall appoint.
Endorsed :—1569.
Draft with many corrections and additions by Cecil. 6¾ pp. [Haynes, pp. 589–593. In extenso.]
1451. The proposed Marriage between the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk.
1569.A document containing a list of examiners and persons to be examined. The subject of examination is not stated, but was doubtless that of the proposed marriage between the Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk. [See Haynes, pp. 534–536, 541–547, &c.] The names of the persons to be examined are, the Earls of Arundel and Pembroke Lord Lumley, the Bishop of Ross, Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Mr. Edward Herbert, Mathew Arundell, James Marvyn, John Fernham Gavin Cow, and Coleshill. The examiners are, the Lord Keeper, the Lord Marquis [Winchester], the Lord Chamberlain, Sir Wm. Cecil, the Lord Admiral, the Earl of Bedford, Sir Ralph Sadler, Mr. Haddon, Sir Walter Mildmay, and the Vice-Chamberlain.
Endorsed :—1569.
Draft by Cecil. 1 p.
1452. The State of the Realm.
1569.Memorandum of remedies against certain dangers, viz., the conspiracy of the Pope and the monarchs [i.e., of France and Spain], the danger from the Queen of Scots, the decay of obedience in civil policy, the decay of the martial state, and the interrupting or staying of the trade of merchandise by forbearing of the trade to Flanders and others the King of Spain's countries. [One danger noted in this memorandum, viz., the imperfections of alliance and treaties with other princes, has no remedies mentioned against it, and thus does not appear in Haynes.]
Endorsed 1569 and by Cecil :—“Extract of ye booke of ye state of ye Realme.
Draft by Cecil. 1½ pp. [Haynes, p. 588. In extenso.]
1453. Advices from Granada.
1569.Giving the details of an outbreak of the Moors in the town of Granada on the 1st Jan. 1569. About 300 of them, after killing a soldier of the guard and wounding two others, took to the mountains. The dilatory conduct of the Captain General, the Marquis of Mendoza, in not at once pursuing them is severely censured.
French. 1 p.
1454. Spanish Accounts.
1569.Books containing Spanish accounts, 1560 to 1569, and various notes belonging to Wm. Phar.
Contains drafts and copies of letters in Spanish and English; also literary memoranda and poems. One letter from Richard Laxton to Mr. Parker, from Madrid, speaks of a letter being delivered to him “by the Secretary Mr Phaire.” Note of disbursements for “my lady.” “Officers at the Scotch parliament holden at Edinburgh in January last, 1567, by the order of James, Earl of Murray,” &c.
112 pp.
1455. The State of the Realm.
[1569.]A lengthy document, written by Cecil, on the state of the realm. It is headed, “A short memoryall.” He states that the dangers existing are many, great, and imminent. They are great in respect of the persons, viz., Queen Elizabeth, the Pope, the Kings of France and Spain, and their associates, and Mary Queen of Scots. They are great in respect of the matters, viz., recovery of the tyranny of the Pope, and the “eviction” of the English Crown from Elizabeth and the setting of it on the head of Mary. Cecil mentions certain means and reasons for this exaltation of the Scottish Queen, also the helps thereto, and wherein the strength of Mary's cause stands. He then states the reasons for the weak condition of English affairs. This is followed by proof of the imminence of the perils he alleges, drawn from the causes of their prolongation up to that time. Reasons are given for the likelihood of ill-will on the part of the Kings of France and Spain towards Elizabeth. Then comes a statement of further “imperfections,” arising from the state of affairs at home and abroad. Cecil now proceeds to show that if the causes of the prolongation of these dangers up to that time be searched into, it will appear that when they shall cease, the dangers must needs speedily occur. He proceeds to give divers proofs of the ill- will shown by France and Spain towards England even when those countries had their own troubles to contend with, and points out how danger from those quarters overhangs the realm as soon as these troubles are ended. Passing over other perils and “imperfections” that might be rehearsed, Cecil recapitulates the dangers he has spoken of, and then dwells on the remedies for obviating the same.
12 pp. [Haynes, pp. 579–588. In extenso.]
1456. The Queen of Scots and the Duke of Norfolk.
[1569.]Minute headed, “For the Duke out of the B. of Ross' [examination ?],” containing notes in Burghley's hand as to special points on which further evidence was to be taken in the matter of the Q. of Scots and the D. of Norfolk. The principal ones are :—
Ex primo.—The Duke was advertised of the intent of conveying away of the Q. of Scots to Arundel Castle by letters of the Scottish Queen to the Bp. of Ross. The Earl of Arundel's cook at Arundel Castle would be examined of his knowledge.
Ex 5.—The Lord Lumley to be examined of the device at the gallery in Arundel House, betwixt him, the Bp. of Ross, Ridolfi, and Lyggens, for taking of the Tower. What provision was made at the E. of Arundel's House at the Tower Hill for the Earl and Lord Lumley, and why did it not proceed?
Ex 6, 7, 8.—Bertie to answer by whom was the original packet sent to the Bp. of Ross to take measure thereupon. Who conveyed away John Cuthbert?
Ex 14.—The Duke is to explain at more length the contents of the long letter to the Bp. of Ross in English after Ridolfi's taking upon him the journey.
Ex 17, 18.—What money did the Duke give to the physicians that were sent to the Q. of Scots ?
The Duke to explain his knowledge how the Q. of Scots would have had him made up the sum of 1,300 crowns to be 2,000, and to be sent to Edinburgh; and whether Panton, the Bp. of Ross' man, should not have once carried it, being sewed in his doublet.
Ex 23 (the last).—Hussey to be newly examined. Tho. Bishop also, of his son's messages to the Earls. Oswald Wilkinson to be newly examined. Vavasor to be sought for. Goodyere to answer what abbey he hath to which the Q. of Scots should have been conveyed by Gerard Lowther.
pp.
1457. Province of Munster.
[1569 ?].“The plott of our offer touching the peopling of Munster in Ireland.” Divides the land into parcels of 12,000, 8,000, and 6,000 acres, and lays down the condition which gentlemen taking such parcels must observe as to dividing and peopling their allotments. Undated.
Endorsed :—“A book to the Deputy of Ireland concerning E. of Desmond, Ireland.”
pp.
1458. Sir William Drury to [the Lords of the Council].
[1569 ?].Stating how certain imprests, with which he is charged, have been employed in the Queen's service. Begs for a warrant of discharge.
½ p.
1459.The Queen to the Earl of Rutland, President of the Council in the North and the rest of the Council.
1569 ?—Directing them to forward the Queen's proclamation to the sheriffs of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, Yorkshire, Nottingham, and Derby for due publication.
Endorsed :—“1569, q.”
½ p.

Footnotes

1 Nov. 21 fell on Monday in 1569.