Cecil Papers
February 1601


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E. Salisbury (editor)

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'Cecil Papers: February 1601', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 14: Addenda (1923), pp. 161-173. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=112109 Date accessed: 24 October 2014.


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February 1601

J. de Thumery to Sir Robert Cecil.
1600–1, Feb. 5/15.Printed in Cal. of C.P., Part xii., p. 45, where it is out of place.
(181. 105).
Thomas Wilson.
1600–1, Feb. 14/24.Certificate by Piero Vorspulio that Thomas Wilson's life will be endangered by fasting.—Feb. 24, 1601. Italian.
Dispensation for the next Lent signed by—. Latin. (85. 48).
De Vitry to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601].I cannot sufficiently thank you for the favourable reception which, by your favour we have everywhere received, as far as this place of "Beruic" [Berwick]. Mons. Ogles has taken such order that we have felt no inconvenience whatever.
Holograph. French.
Addressed: "à Londres."
¼ p. (67. 87).
John Mylles.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601]."Words spoken by John Mylles of Redborne, servant to the Earl of Essex in office of a pastler, in derogation of Sir Robert Cecil, secretary to the Queen's most excellent Majesty."
The said Mylles envied the said knight for that he had entered on an office which the Queen had granted to the Earl of Essex.
Item Mylles affirmed at another time that the Queen could not take away the benefit or fee of such offices as she had given to the Earl, by any law. To which answer was made that the Queen's Majesty might by her regal authority and law, enforcing this for an instance that the archbishop of Canterbury, sometime lord chancellor of England, was afterward deprived of the chancellorship and fee by the prince; therefore no wrong done by the Queen if she should take from the Earl his offices, pension, and fee.
Mylles growing so high in terms and speeches in this matter was willed to talk no further of these matters: notwithstanding he would be often talking of it, saying it was great injury to keep his lord as a prisoner, etc.
He said further that Sir Robert Cecil and others were enemies to his lord the Earl. He said likewise that these words were written upon Sir Robert's chamber door at Court, and also upon his chamber door or lodging at London, viz., Here lieth the Toad.
Item he said further that Sir Robert was an atheist, a 'Machevell,' and an enemy to his master.
Item Mylles said further that it was an unwholesome thing to meet a man in the morning which hath a wry neck, a crooked back or a spley foot, alluding by these speeches to Sir Robert. It was his manner to use these speeches sitting at dinner or supper in his father in law's house, and in common talk when he happened in such company as liked him. These words spoken in derogation of Sir Robert were by me revealed to Mr. Henry Butler at the last sessions of the peace holden at St. Albans for the liberty, which words Mr. Butler afterwards imparted to the rest of the justices in the chamber; whereupon I was commanded to set down the same words which before I had spoken under my hand, being rather discountenanced for that I had spoken than otherwise encouraged not to fear any man's displeasure, being very timorous lest any damage or hurt happen to my body. Whereupon a 'bolie' came and told me he was commanded to look to me as a prisoner. And so I was committed in open sessions to gaol and imprisoned for the space of a sennight, to my great charges and utter reproach.
Mylles gave out that I was committed to prison for words which I revealed against him and that I was not to be bailed nor any man suffered to speak with me: all which was spoken by him to the end that no man might bail me, as also to stop the furtherance of my true speeches to the justices.
Item Mylles hath spoken against the Lo. Admiral, saying that he was an enemy to his lord, and that he did no service at Cales (Cadiz) worthy of commendations, and that the honour given him for that service was his lord's and none of his. He said further that Sir Walter Ralegh was one of his lord's enemies and was the overthrow of the voyage made to the Islands called the 'Tresirous' voyage, and that Sir Walter was an atheist. He hath also spoken slanderous words against one of her Highness's sworn women, a virtuous lady whom I would be loth openly to name in regard of reverence to her and her place.
2 pp. (83. 53).
Henry Wotton to Edward Renolds.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601].I do receive at this time (wherein I suffer some little indisposition of body) your letters very kindly, as friendly visitors; yet if you think they have added anything to my remembrance of you, then you take from their kindness. In your opinion of my honesty I will never deceive you, and therefore be constant in it; for I was born to be one of them that must live by it if it be possible; and yet I understand many things of more hasty preferment. The profession of your love is welcome unto me in this barren age of true friends. I will keep it, and always yield you an account of the like. For that sum of money which I owe you, at my going abroad (which I think will be to-morrow) I will strain a friend to leave you satisfied, though I purposed to pay all my debts together, with the mortgage of my lease, which I expect on Monday; for till that be done I am peradventure unquieter than other men.—Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (130. 183).
Runaway Soldiers and Mariners.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601]."A motion to be made in the Upper House that forasmuch as by the not appearing of soldiers and mariners after they are imprested, or the corrupt discharging and selling of such as have imprested or do conduct them, her Majesty's service is greatly hindered and her royal authority disobeyed, that a bill may be drawn by her Majesty's learned Counsel to make it felony in any soldier or mariner not to appear at the appointed rendezvous; or for any commissary, officer of company, prestmaster or other person that shall have the conducting of any soldiers or mariners if they do corruptly sell or compound for the not appearing or dismission of any such soldiers or mariners. And also that all runaways once enrolled, whether they be soldiers or mariners, shall be taken as felons and proceeded with in all "sizes" and quarter sessions where they are taken and charged.
In the Earl of Essex's handwriting.
Undated. Unsigned. 1 p. (139. 208).
Earl of Essex to —
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Recommends Henry Cuffe his secretary. Sends him into those parts to make him more fit for negotiations there. Hopes there will be occasion that a secretary for Italian may be of as good use as for any other language.
Cypher letter, with decypher.
pp. (140. 70.)
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Cypher key.
Endorsed, "With Mr. Rod—, the Earl of Essex his cypher." 1 p. (144. 166.)
Latin Verses.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]
Begins: "Altra tenebrosas ubi nox induxerat umbras"
Ends: "Pollice concordo fatales alumina Parce."
Endorsed: "—to bee ware translated by me."
? in the hand of one of Essex's secretaries.
pp. (144. 263.)
M. de la Fontaine to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Thanks him for his letter. A better excuse for doing nothing could not be written. The day prevents his replying. Will send his "copy" to-night.
French. Holograph. 1 p. (172. 126.)
W. Lord Herbert to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]You may justly think me very forgetful of my friends that have not written to your Lordship all this while; but my love to you doth so far exceed all ceremonies that I presume you expect none from me. If you would have graced your poor friends so much as to have vouchsafed your presence among us, we should have thought ourselves very happy and you found yourself nowhere more welcome; but I think if it were not for this worthy man of war, friendship, honest friendship, would go a begging on the face of the earth, for already he is grown exceeding poor. I am glad you have lost none of your limbs in your late conflict; if you had been maimed, a good tennis player had been spoiled. Wilton, this Sunday night.
Holograph. Addressed: "to my most assured friend Mr. Rowland White, postmaster for the Court." Endorsed: "W. Herbert to the Earl of Essex; to Mr. Rowland White."
Seal. 1 p. (177. 159.)
Humphrey Abdy to the Earl of Essex.
[After 30 July, 1599. Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Application for the payment of £300 being part of the sum of £700 due to the writer's father for cloth supplied to the Earl of Essex. The remaining £400 he is willing to be contented of by bonds to be given by Sir Gilly Meyrick and Sir Henry Linley to certain friends of theirs to whom his father owed that sum. Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (179. 128.)
Sir H. Brouncker to Edward Reynolds.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]I sought you this morning at my Lord's chamber in Court and heard you were not well. I pray you let me know how you proceed in my suit to his Lordship.— This Thursday.
Holograph. ½ p. (179. 132.)
The Countess of Leicester to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]I must salute your good Lordship with a few lines of kind memory, though I have not much to trouble you with more than to let you know that our marriage is now appointed a Tuesday come sennight, which hath been deferred by reason of our bridegroom's sickliness, who hasteneth himself to be as well as he may. We are all sorry we cannot have your presence to honour our feast, which had been our chiefest grace. I would my sister Knollys had come roundly off in time to satisfy my Lord of Worcester on the conditions, that both my nieces might have been married of a day. My friend and I shall be glad to know how you proceed therein. So with my dearest blessing and wish of all happy contentment your noble heart can think I ever rest, your mother infinitely loving you.
Undated. Holograph. 1 p. (179. 164.)
Edward Reynolds to — Maxey, Captain of the Port of Southampton.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]I have sent Mr. R. Caplin and J. Growne to the receipt and collection of my Lord's impost, and because I cannot presently send their deputations I must ask you to admit them to their office on this authority.
Undated. Holograph. ½ p. (179. 168.)
The Same to [Thomas] Lake, Clerk of the Signet.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]I moved you a few days since for the copy of a letter written by her Majesty to my Lord's father on his being in Ireland. For the search thereof his Lordship died the 22 September '76, in the 18 year of her Majesty, and was there about three years, in which time the letter was written. —Undated. Holograph.
Appended in another hand is a list of the dates of letters written by the Queen to the Earl of Essex in 1574 and 1575.
p. (179. 169.)
— to —
[1600–1601.]Notwithstanding that which both I and the gentleman sent by my Lord of Essex have said to my Lord Mayor, yet for that the company may the better understand what I reasonably demand, I thought it good to give some part thereof in writing; so that you shall thereby plainly see that that which I demand in courtesy you should by reason and justice grant.
Now being constrained by reason of the great obligations wherein I was bound, to return the ship called the Bonasperanza with her men and artillery in such sort as she did lately depart this realm in the service of the most excellent commonwealth of the noble city of Venice, and being laden in her in the said city of Venice a certain small quantity of currants (corranies) for my account, together with a greater quantity which by your servants were laden in the said ship, the which small parcel of mine was laden more for the assuring you both of the voyage and of the diligence to be used and had of all yours, if by misfortune any contrary accident should have happened to the said ship, than for merchandise or any gain at all, you having not paid any new impost at all for the lading of your said great quantity, being not enforced likewise at any time to pay any extraordinary impost for anything laden there, for neither their subjects nor strangers do pay any more than that which was anciently required of them by a custom of a hundred years ago; whereupon with reason I do require that you will not lay upon me here in this realm any greater impost than that which was anciently due for her Majesty's custom: being a thing very unreasonable that you paying no other than the ancient custom in Venice, for what sort or quantity of merchandise soever it be, yet I, lading but a small quantity in a city in which you are privileged, should be charged with extraordinary and greater customs in this realm in which, with equity, I am to expect the same courtesy that is used towards your servants and all other that have to do under our State. Considering besides that your goods had been brought in the said ship at half the charges that both you and others do ordinarily give for freight. And for that you may be persuaded that these currants were not laden to any other intent than to assure your servants, who requested the same, I do offer them to any of you that will buy them for the money they stand me in, and doubt not but that this courtesy, or rather equal dealing, shall be profitable to your trade. For if the conference about the payment of the impost of my currants arrived in December last in a ship called the Elizabeth returned by the like obligation had not been by you deferred, there might by this time have been taken some better order in all other customs; the State of Venice desiring no less than her Majesty that their subjects might trade with as small charges as might be. So that if you show not yourselves contrary to the good intention of her Highness, there shall be no occasion of grief offered to any if that, by considering her Majesty's extraordinary favour in granting you such a custom, you do not abuse the same by extreme exacting from them who being her friends do also use her subjects with all favourable courtesies.
Endorsed, "Touching an imposition upon certain currants brought from Venice."
Unsigned. Copy. 1 p. (183. 116.)
Alleged Spies.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]The 14 April, after this count, did arrive from Calaise to Bolougne, two Englishmen about 50 and 30, both blond, who being demanded, answered that they were come from Doway, where they had been a year. These two, the 16 of the said month did hire a boat at Boulougne for 50 franks, which was an extraordinary price, and in the night did embark. Upon the 17 they landed beside Sandich, sending back two letters, one of which, being directed to a man of this town of Bolougne is sent unto you; that thereby you may know the name of the house where they lodge, the better to try them out. Whereas in that letter they allege they did come from Velbye in Yorkshire by sea, they dissemble and increase suspicion of them the more. Their other letter is to Rowen, to one Mr. Morcovy at the sign of the Ape, requiring him to send their two young cousins (who be now at Rowen) with speed to Bolougne to the house of one Philemon Johnston, who shall show them to what place in England to go, which is to one Read's house in Sanddich. Therefore, if nothing can be learned of the said Read, at the coming of the two young men, all must be discovered, and 65 (the Mayor of Bullen) how soon they arrive here will hold them till he advertise 60 (the E. of Essex), for assuredly the two eldest have been either employed by 69 (England) or else 45 (the King of Spain) hath sent them over now for evil offices. In the letter written to the said Morcovy he is required not to put any clothes on the young men but homely clothes lest they be marked in England, which also is suspicious.
Endorsed:—"Information touchant les deux Anglois."
Undated. 1 p. (185. 128.)
Sudborne, co. Suffolk.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601]Abstract of a cause, and proceedings, in which Mr. Michael Stanhope, Mr. Edward Devereux ("Your Lordship's uncle," ?Essex) and one Rush are concerned, with regard to the manor of Sudborne, Suffolk, and parcel of marsh called Royden Mershe, claimed as parcel of that manor.— Undated. 1 p. (186. 25.)
Wm. Godolphin to [Edward] Reynolds.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Yesternight in the lobby Lord Essex gave him in charge to will Reynolds to request Monsieur Caron to be this day at Essex House, where the Lords have appointed a meeting.—Undated.
Holograph. ½ p. (186. 55.)
— to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Apparently excusing himself for not writing: "mais nous acheminant maintenant devers Reny(?) pour I'investir, avec mes troupes, qui sont fort peu, m'excusera s'il vous plait. Si c'est une entreprise qui puisse être diferé, et que la commodité servira cy apres, je serai tres aise de faire tout ce qui sera en mon pouvoir, et d'assister en tout selon mes moyens, ce que je vous prie de croire. . . . "—Undated.
Apparently draft. Fragment only.
1 p. (203. 115.)
Petitions to the Earl of Essex.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]
Anne Curteys, wife of Richard Curteys, now minister in London, sometimes preacher and parson of Tilehurst, Berks. They have lived in extreme poverty since her husband yielded that parsonage some eight years ago to Essex, who bestowed it upon Mr. Sharp. Prays for his letters to the Lord Keeper to grant her husband some competent benefice.—Undated.
½ p. (51.)
Margaret Hodges.—The Queen gave her two suits, one [an office of Survey] for the reformation of deceits used in the dyeing of silks, stuffs and stockings, the other a lease in reversion of £20 a year: but she has neither of them. Prays Essex to obtain the lease for her, and relief. Services of her husband Christopher Hodges with Essex's father.—Undated.
Note (in hand of Essex's secretary) as to the manor of Norton in Essex. 1 p. (488.)
Thomas Reade, of Grays Inn.—Asks Essex's decision as to his suit for draining of land.—Undated. 1 p. (626.)
Robert Shelley, Avenor, and Marmaduke Darell, and John Leigh, Clerks of the Avery.—For preferment to the Greencloth. Precedents quoted. ½ p. (628.)
[—], Poulterer to the French Ambassador.—For licence to kill poultry for the Ambassador and others during Lent.—Undated. ½ p. (635.)
[—], Butcher to the French Ambassador.—For licence to kill meat for the Ambassador and others during Lent.— Undated. ½ p. (636.)
John Evisham.—Had, by payment to James Ambler, a lease of the tenement wherein he dwells. Ambler seeks to dispossess him. Prays that the cause be heard by the Council of Wales.—Undated. 1 p. (753.)
Thomas Bradley.—His former services to Essex. Prays for employment or relief.—Undated. ½ p. (791.)
Joan Norrington.—For money due to her from the Countess of Essex.—Undated.
1 p. (1042.)
Nicholas Scott.—Complains that Sir John Packington the starch patentee, and his assigns, have farmed the counties of England for yearly rents, to the impoverishment of the retail grocers of London who have been for a long time the chief sellers. Prays for redress thereof, and for release.—Undated.
1 p. (1044.)
An Act to provide remedy against fraudulent means to defeat wardship, livery, and primer seisin.
(185. 144.)
[The Earl of Essex?] to Sir Edward —
[Before 25 Feb., 1601?]I find that you have not yet satisfied my last letter touching the restitution of the gentleman's horses commanded unto me by the governor of Dieppe. I pray you and Mr. St. John to make further search and enquiry for them, and if any of the company there have made them away to use what means you can to recover them, and that the gentleman may be satisfied. I would gladly yield him satisfaction for the Governor of Dieppe's sake.—Undated.
Endorsed:—De par le General.
½ p. (203. 116.)
Loans from Aldermen.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601?]Names of divers aldermen who have lent monies. Lord Mayor 2,000; Sir Jo. Spenser 5,000; Ald. Watts 500; Ald. Holliday 400; Ald. Ranning 2,000; Ald. Hamden 000 [sic].
Apparently in Essex's hand.
¼ p. (204. 131.)
Henry Sandys.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]Statement with regard to the parsonage of Lythe, by Blakemore, Yorks, and the farm of Hedwood, in the lordship of Martyn, Yorks: leased to Henry Sandys by Archbishop Pirce (Piers). Sandys complains that Thomas Newark, servant to the Earl of Essex, has combined with the "Bishop" (?present Archbishop of York) to defraud him of the benefit of renewing the leases; and Sandys begs "my Lord" (apparently Essex) to further his cause with the "Bishop."—Undated.
1 p. (214. 42.)
[1601, before Feb.]The writer was colonel of horse in the Low Countries, and governor of a town there; was in France with Lord Willoughby; was colonel of a foot regiment under Lord Essex in the Islands, and with him after his return to Falmouth to defend the country. His services without pay, and his losses are noted.—Undated.
Endorsed apparently in the hand of a secretary of Essex's.
1 p. (2321.)
The Essex Rebellion.
[Before 25 Feb., 1601.]"Return of prisoners and where they are prisoned, 1600."
Earl of Essex
Earl of Southampton
Lord Cromwell
Earl of Rutland
Lord Sandes
Mr. Parker, called Montegle
Charles Davers
*Sir Ferd. Gorge
Wm. Wingfield
Sir Robert Vernon
Jo. Vaughan
*Chas. Ogle
— Blumfield
Ed. Throgmorton
*Mr. Temple
Mr. Bromley
Sir H. Lynley
Sir Ed. Lyttleton
*Sir Jostlyn Pearcy
*Henry Cuff, Secretary to the Earl of Essex
Christopher Dorrington
*Sir Chas. Darcy
*Sir Ed. Baynham
Gray Bridgis
Sir Henry Carew
John Whelor
Tho. Medley
Thomas Brown
*Sir Jo. Davies
*Fra. Tresham
*Sir Gillye Merricke
*Wm. Downall.
Wood Street Counter:
Thos. West, knight
Jo. Foster
Bryan Dawson
*Geo. Orell
Jo. Lloyd
Robt. Catesby
A Scotchman
Steven Mann
Wm. Parkins
Tho. Crompton
*Ellis Jones
Ryc. Harford
Jo. Lyttleton
Counters in the Poultry:
*Fran. Smyth
Ambrose Blundell
Ed. Kynersley
Wm. Grantham
*Ric. Chamley
Jo. Arderne
Fran. Leyster
Tho. Typin
*Wm. Conestable, knight
Wm. Grencall
*Jo. Norris
Robt. Dobson
Jo. Lymrick
Jo. Both
Wm. Sprat
Fran. Kynersley
Ed. Hart
Rd. Hamer
Antho. Rous
Jo. Tympe
Tho. Condell
Fran. Manners
Peter Ryddall
Wm. Greene
Jo. Vernon
Fran. Pridow, stranger
Grego. Shefield
*Ed. Bushell
*Capt. Pluck
*Robt. Gostrell
*Capt. Whitlock
White Lyon:
Jo. Grant
*Jo. Wright
*Chris. Wright
Wm. Isbroke, prentice
King's Bench:
Robt. Dalington
Doctor Sleecher committed to Alderman Lowe.
Doctor Hawkins committed to Alderman Lee.
*"Marked in original."
18th cent. copy.
2 pp. (249. 47.)
— to [Sir Robert Cecil].
[1601. Feb.]Mr. Hamilton's report clears your Honour of the imputations of the Earl against you in London and at his arraignment. He and I have had few speeches, yet nevertheless he thanked me for the sending of his letters which you caused to be safely delivered him. 16 (King of Scots) is in fear that W. (Nicholson) is practising against him. The K. is advertised out of France, Flanders and England that his life is to be sought for. Albeit Figg (Mr. Fullerton) was sent pz 62 n(22) (into England) to discover the matter, yet upon now advertisement the K. is put in new suspicion. W. (Nicholson) assured CL (your Honour) that 16 (the King) passeth with fair outward countenance this matter of my L. of Essex over, but inwardly is one way sorry for it and another pleased with it. P (Mr. Hamilton) is very cunning for he speaks both with and against CL (your Honour).
Unsigned. ½ p. (85. 41.)
1601, Feb. 20.Copies of the King [of Scotland's] letters to the Laird of Johnston and Robert Scott of Hayninge:We have directed our trusty John Earl of Mar, our Ambassador toward England, for renewing of the peace so long standing between the two realms, with removing of some jealousies whereby the same has been interrest. Seeing that the attempts and stirs on the borders falling out between our wardens and their opposites has been one of the chief causes hereof, we have especially employed this ambassador to deal with the reparation thereof. We command you and all others within the bounds of your office to cease from attempting any incursions or violence within the realm of England. Albeit Lord Scrope, your opposite, postpones to keep meetings with you, till some bills which are manifest and undeniable be filed aforehand to the end you may be both prepared to do justice at meetings, as his letter which we have seen bears, yet in respect of our and our sister's good inclination we would not have you stand on ceremony, but strive to satisfy him therein, that meetings may follow and mutual redress be made.—From Holyrudehouse, the 20 Feb., 1601.
2. A letter to Robert Scott of Hayninge to the same effect. Unsigned. 1 p. (85. 42.)
Endorsed:—"20 Feb., 1601, by the Scottish style."
John Phelps to Sir Robert Cecil.
February, 1600–1.I understand there are some other competitors that sue for Sir John Davis' office in the Tower, and therefore presume to reiterate my request for that office, freely submitting my hopes therein to your wisdom.
(104. 70.)
Peter Beconsawe to the Council.
[Feb., 1600–1?]He gave certain money and plate into the charge of Richard Parkins, who laid them in a secret place in his dwelling house at Uston, Berks, whence they were taken by Sir Francis Knollys and others upon their search of the house. Prays that Parkins and Knollys be called, and his property restored to him.—Undated.
½ p. (1359.)
[See Acts of the Privy Council, N.S. Vol. xxxi., pp. 171–173.]
Captain Edward Fitzgerald to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1600–1, Feb.?]For grant of such an estate as the Queen shall think meet in the interest which came to her by the attainder of Captain Thomas Lee, in the castle, town and lands of Castleton Reban, Kildare: which Lee had from Walter St. Michells.—Undated. ½ p. (1803.)
[See Calendar of Cecil Papers, Part xi., p. 251.]
"John Mountfennell, baron," to Sir Robert Cecil.
[1600–1, ?Feb.]Details treacheries he alleges were committed by Captain Peter Green, Captain Owen Salisbury, and Captain Roger Billing in the Low Countries in Leicester's time, for which they procured pardon through Secretary Walsingham. Their subsequent proceedings in England. Piers Lloyd of Denbigh, who served Lord Essex in Ireland, and a great companion to the said traitors, was of late in London, in great counsel with Sir Gelly Merrick, Owen Salisbury, Essex, Peter Queen or Wynne, Captain John Salisbury, and other "cavillers"; and was sent to Wales two or three days before "this action." Wishes warrant to be issued for the capture of several of them. Asks for loan of armour from the Queen's wardrobe, and is ready to serve as a warder at the gates. Welsh barons are as ready as any other subjects in England in the Queen's affairs.
Endorsed: A letter from a lunatic.
3 pp. (98. 37.)