Cecil Papers
1623

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Institute of Historical Research

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G. Dyfnallt Owen (editor)

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1971

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167-188

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'Cecil Papers: 1623', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 22: 1612-1668 (1971), pp. 167-188. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=112518 Date accessed: 21 September 2014.


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1623

St. Michael's Mount.
[Before 1623 (fn. 1) ].Valuation of property at St. Michael's Mount and Marazion, and of tithes in Penzance and other places; manor of Traboe, etc. "There are remayning in the tower of the chapel of the Mounte 5 bells which belong to your Lordshipe. There are 9 greate peeces about the Mounte whereof Mr Harrys clayms 7 to be his owne. There are munition in the Mount, namely, pykes, half pykes, holbords, old bills, musketts and callyvers; and powder and bulletts."—Undated.
Unsigned. 1⅓ pp. (Accounts 114/9.)
W. Ashton to Christopher Keighley.
1622–23, January 4."Sir Edward Cissell tould me this daye that my Lorde Treasurer hath given order unto Sir Robert Pye for the payeinge of all his monye that is behynde, and for the settlinge of itt hereafter, as allso hath given the same order for Sir Dudlye Diggs. And Sir Edward Syssell toulde me he thaught he had given order for my Lord of Saulsberye tow, whereupon this morning I wente to spake with Sir Robert Pye who toulde me that itt was trewe hee had order for Sir Edward Cissell and Sir Dudlye Diggs, and my Lord of Saulsberye was then spooken of, but Sir Robert Pye tould me priveatly that my Lord Treasurer had noe dispotion (sic) for the present paymente of itt nor for the settlinge of itt hereafter. I have been with Mr Sacrytarye and have acqainted him with itt, and hee protests he doth not knowe what to saye to itt. He houlds his greatenesse soe with the Kinge as what soever the Kinge shall saye, he will doe what he liste for the payment of monyes. Soe as his oppinion is the meanes muste bee made to my Lorde Treasurer. The speech is heere, presentlye after the Kinge is gone, there will bee a settling of some of these payments, so as if my lords bee not settled then itt will bee in greater dainger hereafter. I have by the advice of a spetiall ffreend used a seacreyt means to my Lord Treasurer and by a verye good hande, and to morrow I shall have some answare. Since your goeinge owte of the towne, I have beene fayne to be bound with Sir Thomas Ffynch for a hundred pounds for my ladye Cliffords nessessetyes. I assure you as manye as doe here of itt do lament her case, that my lord haveinge but one sister should be putt to these hard shiffts."—From my howse in St. Mar. January 4, 1622.
Holograph. Seal, broken. Endorsed: "4 January 1622." 1 p. (General 82/6.)
Thomas Symondes.
1622–23, February 11.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on behalf of Miles Bayspoole, one of the attorneys of the King's Bench and executor of the will of Thomas Symondes, who was possessed of certain lands in Swaffeild, co. Norfolk, to the value of 40l, and of certain other lands and tenements there to the value of 38l per annum. The said Thomas by his will made 16 October 1612 at Swaffeild bequeathed to Margery then his wife all the lands first named for her life, and to his executors the other lands in trust for his children, namely Benjamin, Bartholomew, Elizabeth, Christiana, Martha, Sara and Maria. The said Martha, however, to whom Thomas Symondes bequeathed 80l to be paid out of the rents and profits of the said lands in trust, has sued the said executors in court Christian for non-payment of her legacy, well knowing that they have been unable as yet to provide the funds necessary, contrary to the statutes herein made and provided. Stay of proceedings.— Dated at Westminster, 11th February, in the 20th year of the King's reign.
1 m. Seal. (221. 32.)
Sir George Calvert to [the Earl of Salisbury].
1622–23, March 17.I have been so infinitely busy these two or three days past about the perfecting of the Treaty with the Spanish and Infanta's Ambassadors concerning the sequestration of Franquendale, as having no leisure to write to you I suppose the news of his Highness's safe arrival in Spain is come unto you from some other hand. Mr Gresley, who is come from my Lord of Bristol, met him with his company some two posts on this side Bayonne, and he carried him with him back again that day's journey to Yrun, the first town of Spain, that he might have leisure to write to England, and that Gresley might be the certain messenger of his arrival in Spain. This was upon Sunday, the second of this month, and his Highness (thanks be to God) was in perfect good health, and as he says endured travel excellently well, and never looked better in his life. My Lord of Buckingham was well also, but did not endure travel so well as he. They made account to be at Madrid the Sunday following.
I have set the business in hand that you know of, and when time serves we shall understand how it works. Mr Gresley says he met a little on this side Bayonne, in his return from the Prince, a French Baron sent from the King for compliment to his Highness, but it was too late to overtake him in France. He met my Lord of Carlisle about Blois, posting after as fast as he could, my Lord of Andevor in Paris, my Lord of Rochford I know not where, and so everywhere upon the way English gentlemen posting towards Spain. The Valtelline is deposited in the Pope's hands by both the Kings of France and Spain, so as for the while there is an end of that war. Monsieur de Rohan, as Sir Edward Herbert's last letters tell me, is yet in prison, whereat the Pro testants of France take great apprehension. St. Martin's Lane, 17 March, 1622.
Holograph. Endorsed by the Earl of Salisbury: "Se; Calvert to me." 2 pp. (130. 56.)
The Earl of Bristol to James I.
1622–23, March 18."By a Post whom I dispatched away from hence upon the 10th of this moneth, I gave unto your Matie an account of the Prince and my lo. of Buckingham's safe arrivall here the 7th of the same, as likewise of all that had passed till Sunday after 12 aclock att night the 9th when his High. went to bedd and had good rest. The next morning the Conde of Olivares and the Conde of Gondomar came to offer their service unto him, and lett him know that the King was then to goe in devotion unto a Monasterie in this town called the Merced, and that he would passe the streets on horseback attended by all the Court: of which his Highness shewing some willingness to be a spectator, if it might conveniently be done, he was by the Conde of Olivares carried to a place where he had a full view of them all unseene. And when they were passed he was attended backe againe by the Conde of Monterey (brother in law to the Conde of Olivares) and the Conde of Gondomar. The same day in the evening his High. went downe to the riverside to see the fields and to take the ayre.
On Tewsday the 11th the King sent unto his High. to lett him know that he could not but attribute much unto the industrie and good service which the Conde of Gondomar had done him in England, especially the great honour which he had received by his Highnes coming to the Court. In regard whereof, and to the end his Highnes might be more confident of their proceedings here, and not be ignorant of what had passed, he was determined to make him (whom he accounted as an Englishman) of his Counsell of State; and that if his Highnes soe pleased he might lett the Conde of Gondomar know that for his sake that honour should presently be bestowed upon him. Hereupon the Prince sent for the Conde of Gondomar by Mr Secretarie Cottington, and made known his Maisters gracious intent towards him, telling him how glad he was of this occasion and how ready he would be upon all other that might be offerd to doe him any favour. And soe sent him to the Palace to the King, where he was presently sworne of the Councell of State.
In the afternoone abowt foure of the clock the Prince having intimated his desire to see the King, he was carried by the Conde of Olivares by a backe way towards the palace, but before he could arrive there he was prevented by the King who, being attended onely by the Marquis of Carpio, came downe a private waie through a garden and mett [ (fn. 2) him, where having saluted one another with much courtesie the King desired him to enter into his coach wherin hee likewise entred, and my Lord Marques and the Conde of Olivares sate in the other end of the coach, and my selfe was commanded to serve as Interpretor, so they went towards a howse of the Kings called Casa del Campo, and passing up and downe in the field they discoursed about an howre in which time there passed extraordinary greate professions of affection from the King, who before it was observed had brought the Prince a mile and a half on his way homewards and was very neere my howse, which the Prince perceiving desired very earnestly that hee might accompany the King back to the palace, but could not prevaile; and so they parted, the King having with him onely the Conde of Olivares and the Marques of Carpio; with the Prince were my lo. Marques, Sir Walter Aston, my self and Mr Secretarie Cottington, and before the Prince could gett home to my howse the Conde of Olivares had left the King and was there readie to attend him. A little after him came the Duke of Infantado, who is Mayor domo mayor unto the King, and signified unto the Prince that hee was come by the King his Maisters appointment to offer him his service and to receive his commands.
Wensday the 12th they were most part of the day busied att the Court in consultation about the Prince his interteinment, and the manner of his reception; the Conde of Olivares not stirring out of his bedd, by reason that he had the day before hurt one of his leggs.
The Prince likewise spent all that morning in giving order for his owne private affaires, and after dinner hee went abroad to see my hawkes flye.
On Thursday the 13th the Prince was busied all the morning in giving order for things necessary for his entrance, for the more convenient contriving whereof hee sent my Lo. Marques after dinner to the Palace to the Conde of Olivares to consult with him about it.
That afternoone his High. imployed two howres att his study, and towards the evening, being attended by my self, Sir Walter Aston and the two lordes of Monterey and Gondomar (who came of purpose to waite upon him), hee went abroad into the field to see my hawkes flye; and the same night after supper there were sent to entertaine his High. the choice persons both of men and weomen selected out of fower Companies of Comediantes, who danced severall kinds of dances before him and passed the time for almost twoe howers, the Condes of Monterey and Gondomar beinge present all the while.
The 14th beinge Ffryday his Hieghnes stirred not abroad all the morninge, but spent it partly in dispatchinge of busines and partly at his booke. Hee sent first Mr Secr. Cottington and afterwards my self to visit the Conde of Olivares, and to treate with him concerninge divers particulars. After dinner the Condes of Monterey and Gondomar came to the Prince and carryed him abroad to the Casa del Campo where he found the King, Don Carlos and the Infante Cardinall expectinge of him. And havinge very courteously saluted each other, the King, the Prince, Don Carlos, the Infante Cardinall, my lo. Marquis, the Conde of Olivares and myself, whoe was commanded to serve as Interpreter, entred all into one coach where they spent half an hower in conferrence and professions of affection one to an other till such time as there being horses brought for them from the Kings stables, they mounted on horseback and entertayned themselves for a space in beholdinge divers persons which were there on foote with pieces, and sprunge partridge and started hares whereat they shott flyinge and running and killed manie of them as they retorned. The Prince perceavinge that they went not the direct way to the pallace pressed the Kinge with much earnestnes that hee might accompanie him on his way homewards but could not prevaile, for the Kinge would needs bringe him to the same place on the Prado whither on the Tuesday before he had brought him, and there they both lighted out of the Kinges coach and the Kinge brought his Hnes towards his owne coach and soe parted from him. But the Condes of Monterey and Gondomar leaft not the Prince untill they brought him home to my house.
This day, for a further expression of the joy which this Kinge and State had conceaved upon his Hnes comeing to this Court, there was published a generall pardon for all offences whatsoever within this Kingdome, the which tooke effect here in Madrid the same night, where all the prisons in the towne were emptyed. And divers offenders, who had taken sanctuarie in churches and the houses of Ambassadors, hearinge thereof rendred themselves into the hands of the Justice and soe by imprisonment gott their libertie. This hath ben a meanes much to increase the generall welcome and applause of the Prince his arryvall, because thereby soe manie have receaved grace and favour.
Upon Saturday there passed litle, the Prince being busied in fitting himself for his entrance the next day. Only a litle before dinner the Conde of Monterey came to the Prince and told him that the Kinge had sent him twoe horses, and desired him to make choice which he would bee pleased to ryde upon the day followinge, and that the Kinge would ryde upon the other. Whereupon the Prince went out to a garden not farr from my house, where he tryed them both and as neere as he could made choice of the worser of them, leaving the better for the Kinge.
Upon Sunday the 16, about 10 in the morninge, there came 4 Councellors of State to attend the Prince from my house unto St. Jeronimos, a monasterie of Augustine Moncks, where hee was by the Kings comandement to bee privatly intertayned at dinner by the Conde of Gondomar, as hee was in a verie decent manner. After dinner the severall Councells of the Indies, Aragon, Italie, etc, the Corrigador, Regidors and other Ministers and Magistrates of this Court and towne came to kisse the Princes hands, and lett him knowe that they had ben comanded by the Kinge their Mr to present their service into his Hnes and to obey him in all that hee should be pleased to comaund.
About 4 of the clock the Kinge himself came attended by all the Grandes and principall persons of this Court, where hee was mett at the gate by the Prince and conducted up into the lodgings which were by the Conde of Gondomar made readie for him, where havinge rested themselves awhile till such time as the rest of the companie might be put in order, they went downe and put themselves on horsebacke and soe sett forwards towards the pallace. The Councells and Ministers of Justice leadinge the way, after them followed the Nobilitie and Grandes of Spaine, then the Officers of State and household to the Kinge. And the Kinge with the Prince on his right hand roade under a canopie of tissue which was supported by 24 Regidores who were on foote apparelled all alyke in tissue. Next, after the Kinge and the Prince, followed my Lo. of Buckingham and the Conde of Olivares as Mrs of the Horse; after them myself betweene the oldest Councellor of State and a Gent. of the Kings Chamber. Sir Walter Aston likewise came betweene a Councellor of State and a Gent. of the Chamber. And soe all the rest of the Councell of State and the Gents. of the Kings Chamber.
As soone as they came to the Court the Kinge conducted the Prince up to the pallace to see the Queene, givinge him still the right hand as hee had donn all the way. At their comeing up the Queene, notwithstandinge that it was a verie large roome wherein shee was, did not expect the Prince his comeinge farther but mett him at the doore where after they had saluted one another they sate downe in chaires and passed a short time in conference, when the Kinge said that he wold bring the Prince downe into his quarter, as hee did, being accompanied with his two brothers and the Cardinal; and when they were to return the Prince offered to have accompanied the King up to his lodgings, but hee wold not permitt his High: to goe with him farther then one stepp out of the dore of his lodgings, and there the King accepted of the right hand.
By that time the Prince had beene a while in his lodgings the Queene sent to the Conde of Benevente, who is her Mayordomo mayer, to see him and to present him with 2 coffers of leather, the plates, locks and hinges whereof were all of pure gold, and they were filled with severall sorts of perfumes. She sent him likewise a very rich imbrodered night gowne which was brought and presented in a long vessel of Massy gold curiously wroght, and a cabinett full of rarities of severall kinds.
The King hath appointed to attend him all officers in the same manner as hee is served him self, and att his table hee is waited on by none but Titulados.
The next day after his High: comming to the palace, all the Councels came unto him and told him that they had received express order from the King that they should obay and performe all consultos and commands that should come from his High: (were it for offices, encomiendas or any other provisions which should happen to fall and bee disposed of by his High.) as exactly as if the Kinge himself had commanded it under his hand.
The Conde of Monterey, who is a Grande of Spaine and President of the Councel of Italy, and was the principal person appointed to attend his High., hath already received a testimony of the Kings favor for the service hee hath donn, and is made a Gentleman of the Kings Chamber. The King hath likewise sent unto his High: two keys to dispose of att his pleasure, the one hee hath bestowed upon my Lo. Marques, and the other upon my self, and thereby wee have free liberty to goe into the Kinges Chamber att any time.
As for my Lo. Marquis of Buckingham, I can assure your Maty there have beene such demonstrations made unto him both by the King, the Grandes and all the Court, as I think have never beene made to any subject. The night that the Prince came to the palace the Conde of Olivares Lady sent him a very noble present, and hee is lodged in a quarter of his owne adjoining to the Prince his side with a very plentifull diett and nobly attended.
And for that on the day of the entring hee attended the Prince in quality of Maister of his Horse, as the Conde of Olivares did the King, the towne sent unto him (in regard the triumph was for the Prince) the canopy of tissue under which they went, and all other things belonging as ffees unto the Maister of the horse. And as they have done these honors unto my Lo. Marquis, soe I do assure your Matie he hath in all things carried himselfe much to the satisfaction of the King and his Ministers.
Ffor the maine busines I assure myselfe your Matie shalbe informed verie particularly from the Prince and my Lo. Marquis of the present state thereof. And therefore I doe not presume further to trouble your Matie."—Madrid, the 18 of March, 1622, stil vet.
Signed. Endorsed: "18 March, 1622/23. E. of Bristolls relation out of Spaine." 11 pp. (with insertion). (130. 57.)
This is a contemporary copy in three different hands, one being the Earl of Salisbury's.
Sir George Calvert to [the Earl of Salisbury].
1623, March 25.His Majesty has been put in mind of the fitness to employ the person you know of, if an opportunity could be found out worthy of him, and he likes it well, so as there rests no more but to find out the occasion, which I will hearken after as well as I can.
On Sunday there came a post from Madrill, bringing news that the Prince and my Lord of Buckingham arrived there the 7th of this month, unknown (for they had outrun all intelligence of their coming). They landed at my Lord of Bristol's house. But the next day they were discovered to be in the town, and that day my Lord of Buckingham had private audience of the King. The great favourite, the Conde of Olivares, conducted him to the Court and back again to his lodging, at which time he kissed the Prince's hand. There was as much show of welcome and respect as was possible. It was intimated to the Conde by my Lord of Buckingham that his Highness had a great desire to have a sight of his mistress as soon as conveniently might be. It was granted him, and the next day, being Sunday, the King and Queen with the Infanta and her two brothers, went all in a coach into the Prado, a place near the city where they use like our Hide Park to recreate themselves on summer evenings. Thither the Prince was conducted also in another coach by my Lord of Bristol and the Conde of Gondomar, my Lord of Buckingham being with him, and there in a private manner, the curtains half shut, had his full sight of her as she passed by twice or thrice; with whose person they say he is already much taken. The same night the King and his Highness had a meeting also in the same place, and were both together in a coach the space of an hour, the King giving him still the upper hand. They are so taken there with the obligation that the King our Master and his Highness have put upon them that they know not how to express it sufficiently.
My Lord of Carlisle was met by this post at St. Jean de Luz, the last town of France, and my Lord of Andiver at Bayonne, some seven posts on this side.—St. Martin's Lane, 25 March, 1623.
P.S. Commend my service to my Lord of Suffolk. I shall do what I may in the business he recommended to me.
Holograph. Endorsed by the Earl of Salisbury: "Se; Calvert to me." 3 pp. (130. 74.)
Sir George Calvert to [the Earl of Salisbury].
1623, April 12.The last news we had out of Spain was by Le Febvre, a Frenchman that went over with my Lord of Andiver, and was sometime, as I take it, your servant. The honours and respects done his Highness in that Court continue still; and to let him see that in all things there is real intention, not only ceremony, the Presidents and Bodies of the several Councils that had been with him before at his first coming to the Palace to offer him their service by the King's commandment, and to let him understand that whatsoever offices, encomiendas, etc, fell within their several districts or jurisdictions was in his Highness freely to dispose of as if the King should direct it under his own immediate warrant: these have been with him again, humbly and earnestly pressing him to take the liberty given him, for all businesses in their several Courts are at a stand for want of his commandments, it being no compliment but really intended that he shall dispose of all things. The King and he are much together at one recreation or other.
That which amuses us most here, though we receive it (as we have cause) with much joy, is that his Highness has sent for the fleet to come away with all speed for transportation of him and his Princess into England, for that as Sir Fr. Cottington writes to me, he thinks they shall be as soon ready to come away, if not before, as we can have the ships ready here. Yet is not the dispensation come from Rome, nor has his Highness spoken with the Infanta, and the week before they sent for tilters and tilting horses with caparisons, suits and pavilion, all which are in making, many ready and must go notwithstanding. I cannot read the riddle I confess, but I have reasons to persuade me that they will make haste, and it concerns the Pope to hasten his dispensation lest it be done without it.—Whitehall, 12 April, 1623.
Holograph. Endorsed by the Earl of Salisbury: "Se; Calvert to me." 2½ pp. (130. 76.)
Bockingham Butler to Lionel, Earl of Middlesex.
[1623, April 15].As to lands in Tewin, co. Herts, and the wardship of the heir of John Manningham.—Undated.
Note by the Earl of Middlesex, 15 April, 1623.
1 p. (P. 1838.)
Sir Edward Conway to the Earl of Salisbury.
1623, April 27.His Majesty has commanded me to signify to you his confidence that you have received examinations from Mr Recorder concerning Rockill, and desires to know what you have wrought thereon; but especially what has been done for finding out Field, which seems a miracle to his Majesty how he conceals himself. He minds you to quicken your industry for his satisfaction, if not sooner at least against he shall come to Theobalds; for it seems to be a dream, but is an amazement, that a mare and a colt of my Lord of Buckingham's should be stolen out of the park at Theobalds. But since that is so, whereof his Majesty is thoroughly persuaded, two of the Grimes that are officers of the stables having assured him that they with 12 more have so sought her that it is impossible she should be in the park, he expects from you all possible care to discover these ill governments of the Park, and to prepare the best ways for finding out the faults past and remedies for the time to come.—Windsor, 27 April, 1623.
Signed. Endorsed: "Se: Conway." 1 p. (130. 78.)
Sir Edward Conway to the Earl of Salisbury.
1623, May 16.His Majesty finds it strange that Field has not been apprehended, but has liberty to wander up and down, having been lately seen in Kent, and yesternight at his own house by Theobalds. He has therefore given new directions to the Cities of London and Westminster and the counties adjoining for watches to be appointed in all fit places for his discovery, and that diligent searches be made in all alehouses and other suspected places, to be begun about 11 o'clock tomorrow night and continued every night at the same hour till Field be apprehended; which course he prays you may be observed in that county [co. Herts].—Greenwich, 16 May, 1623.
Holograph. Endorsed: "Se: Conway." 1 p. (130. 79.)
(? Oliver) Hill to Christopher Keighley.
1623, May 16.Is impelled to inform him of the situation at Cranborne. "I doe protest I doe lament from my hart to here the generall complaintt of all maner of persons from honorable worth and soe down to the beggar of the tyranicall deling of his [Salisbury's] deputy under Steward, which the world taxeth mutch unto his Lordship, saying that it can nott possible be but that his Lordship must nedes be acquainted therewith. All mens tables of worth, all ordinarie and all other places being furnished therewith to his Lordships great dishonor. I protest I have hard men of great worth and accomp[t] swear that if his Lordship com nott down they will ride unto him abowght the same. I doe thinke his Lordship hath nott one tenant here but wold be glad to sell and to take money mutch underhand to be gone. But his Lordships land and officer hear is held in sutch contempt that noe man will deale therein." Recites some of his own grievances for which he hopes to obtain relief from Salisbury.—16 May, 1623.
Holograph. Fragment of seal. 1¾ pp. (General 71/29.)
Henry Kynge.
1623, May 26.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Henry Kynge. In the parish of Warlingworth, co. Suffolk, there has long been a custom of tithing that every owner or occupier of an orchard within the said parish should pay yearly to the rector of the parish church twopence in respect of such orchard in lieu of all tithes due from the same. Notwithstanding, one Miles Spenser, rector of the parish of Warlingworth with the chapel of Sowthwold annexed, has sued the said Henry Kynge in court Christian contrary to the statute. Stay of proceedings. —Dated at Westminster, 26th of May, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 30.)
Richard Browne.
1623, May 26.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Richard Browne of the parish of Wenhaston, co. Suffolk, yeoman. Samuel Plume was possessed of certain lands and tenements in Mills hamlet within the said parish for which he and his predecessors always paid to the vicar of the parish church the sum of 26s 8d yearly in respect of all tithes due therefrom. The said lands, etc. were leased to Richard Browne by the said Samuel. Whereupon one Joseph Thetford, vicar of the parish church of Wenhaston, impleaded the said Samuel in court Christian for the non-payment of tithes alleged due. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 26th May, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 31.)
The Privy Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1623, June 11.Ordering a muster of the trained forces of co. Herts. at least once a year. The present manner of training and arming is not so exact and serviceable as the course held both by all strangers and by the King's subjects in foreign employment. The bands are therefore to be exercised and armed according to the directions enclosed.—Whitehall, 11 June, 1623.
Signed: G. Cant; Jo. Lincoln; H. Mandeville; E. Worcester; Arundell & Surrey; Carlile; W. Wallingford; La. Winton; Arthur Chichester; T. Edmondes; Jo. Suckling; Geo. Calvert; Edw. Conway; Rich. Weston; Jul. Caesar. 2 pp. (196. 84.)
William Raymond to J. Mayr.
1623, June 12.Captain Dackombe, who lived in Brownsea Castle, has lately died, and the castle in now in the King's hands. The island itself, some two miles in extent, is the property of the Earl of Salisbury, who has leased it for £7 a year to a Mr Hambridge. The latter, however, "paieth noe rent by meanes of his povertey". The rent is more than the land is worth, since nothing grows on it but heath and turf. Captain Dackombe tried unsuccessfully to obtain a pension from the King towards the castle. The place would suit him (Raymond) admirably, since his brother-in-law, Sir Edward Lawrence and many friends live in the vicinity.—Dorchester, this 12th of June, 1623.
PS. He has heard that Lady Hatton is interested in placing a captain in Brownsea Castle. "She lieth neer Syon howse by Braynford as I am told." She has no one in mind as yet, and so it would be worth cultivating her good will in this matter. Requests Mayr to ask the Earl of Salisbury to appeal personally to the King and to obtain Brownsea Castle for him. He is prepared to give £100 for it for three lives.
Holograph. 2 pp. (Box T/36.)
Bassingborne Throgmorton.
1623, June 19.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Bassingborne Throgmorton. It has long been a custom of tithing in the ancient parish of Bungay Trinity, co. Norfolk, for every owner or occupier of a pasture within the said parish to pay yearly to the vicar of the parish church or his deputy for each acre the sum of twopence in lieu of all tithes of herbage and agistment. Notwithstanding, one Christopher Smyth, vicar of the said parish, has impleaded the said complainant in court Christian for non-payment of tithes alleged due. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 19th June, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 35 & 36.)
Agreement.
1623, June 25.Articles of contract between the Earl of Salisbury and Sir Arthur Capell concerning the proposed marriage between Arthur Capell, grandson and heir of Sir Arthur Capell, and Lady Anne Cecil, eldest daughter of the Earl of Salisbury, after she has reached the age of 14. Upon the solemnization of the marriage the Earl of Salisbury undertakes to pay a marriage portion of £5000. Sir Arthur Capell agrees, on his part, to pay £600 annually to his heir towards the maintenance of the couple, and a jointure of £800 to Lady Anne Cecil in land and rents, including the manor of Rayne, co. Essex, and the park called Bocking Park adjacent to it.
On the reverse side: "Sealed and delivered in the presence of Ant. Forest, Arthur Capell, Christo. Keighley, Edw. Hide, Edw. Hamond, Hen. Garrarde." 1 m. (Deeds 217/5.)
Rectory of Themelthorpe.
1623, June 25.Writ of mandamus to Robert Redmayne in the matter of Robert Dacke and Dorothea his wife, executors of the last will and testament of Robert Lampkyne, deceased, late rector of the parish church of Themilthorpe. The writ of prohibition is cancelled and proceedings in court Christian are to be resumed.—Dated at Westminster, 25th June, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 29.)
John Barnes.
1623, July 2.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of John Barnes. John and George Themylby being seised of a certain marsh called Hicklinge Marsh in the parish of Whettacre All Saints, co. Norfolk, demised the same to the said John Barnes, who is being sued in court Christian by one Eusebius Pagett, rector of the parish church of Whettacre All Saints, for non-payment of tithes contrary to the law. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 2nd July, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 28.)
Francis Davey.
1623, July 2.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Francis Davey, who for the space of seven years has been the owner of a messuage and lands in Westall, co. Suffolk, where it has long been the custom to render to the vicar of the parish church of Westall yearly the sum of twopence in lieu of certain tithes due. Notwithstanding, one William Cockerton, vicar of the said parish, has impleaded the said complainant in court Christian for non-payment of tithes. Stay of proceedings. Dated at Westminster, 2nd July, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 38.)
Prince Charles and the Pope.
1623, July 8."An Extract of the Princes letter sent in asnwere to the Popes letter."
Most holy father. First he giveth thankes for the favour and honour he did him in writing to him, and the commendations which in his letter he was pleased to give him. And promiseth according to the example of his predecessors, who have opposed the enemies of the Crosse, to procure union and peace among Christians; as the will of the father manifests it selfe therein, who is much grieved with the dissention betweene Christians.
[Marginal note: the very wordes of the letter] "The conceit which your holynes holds and the judgment which it hath made of the desire I have to make alliance with the Catholique King by meanes of a mariage with his sister, is very sutable to the charity of your holynes and your great wisedome. For it is certaine that I would not endeavour so earnestly to unite my selfe in the indissoluble bond of matrimony with one to whose religion I stood ill affected. Wherfore your holynes may persuade it selfe that my minde now and alwaies shalbee very farre from attempting any thing that may be against the Catholique Romane Religion: but will rather seeke occasions wherby the suspition that may be held of me may be blotted out universally from all mens minds. And will procure that as wee all confesse one only God in Trinity and one Christ crucified, so wee may all professe one and the same faith. And to effect this I will refuse no paine though I hazard kingdome and life."—Dated in Madrid, the 8 of July, 1623.
The extract of a paper which the Prince of Wales sent to the Catholique King, in answere of another of his Mats The substance of it was thus:
The Prince of Wales having seene and consydered the paper which the assembly of the devines presented to your Matie the second of June, and the other which the Count of Olivares gave the day following to his highnes in your Mats name: he giveth thankes to the King for the many tokens of his love towards him manifested in that paper, and saith that the King his father and he have willingly forgon other frendships and alliances (which by way of mariage they might have compassed) for the King of Spaines sake.
[Marginal note: the very words entrega. Canonists] "And whereas your Matie instanceth that his highnes would conclude the mariage spedily, leaving the delyvery of the Infanta till another tyme, according to the judgment of the eminent and great Devines and Canonists whom your Matie hath called togeather for this busynes; earnestly beseecheth your Matie to cast your eies on those things which he will note and point out concerning the same." He doubteth not the King having seene these reasons will take good order therein.
[Marginal note: the words of the paper] "1, That the King his father, being growne in yeares, having only one sonne and his eies intentively bent only to see him maryed; and having sent him hoping that his presence would facilitate the whole busynes without any longer expectation by other meanes; it would be a great greife to his hart to see new difficulties therein, after so many yeares treaty and when it was thought to be concluded.
2, That having come in person with great travaile and danger to give greater testimonies of the love which he beares to the Lady Infanta, and of the desire he hath to see these 2 monarchies united in a league of confederation; and to returne againe without the pledge which he most desyreth should be a miserable blott to his reputation; the dishonour great that it should be knowne in the world that because the Devines trusted not his word and oath, and the King his fathers, he was faine to go without even his wife, and in her the hope of succession more then which his subtlelest enemy could not desire.
3, That the tyme of delay would give wing and boldnes to those that wish ill to this mariage in the kingdome of England, to joyne themselves (with danger of the royall indignation) to give new troubles to the Catholiques with hope to disturb it. But being fully concluded none dare attempt it, since they shall already see their intentions overthrowne. And this may well be collected from the ill affected of other kingdomes and princes of Christendome."
4, Hee sheweth that if the mariage were quickly agreed upon and not consummated there would be danger of breaking it, either by some vexations which the ill ministers of the King of England would worke against the Catholiques against the Kings will; or some new difficulty offering it selfe or greater good of Christendome, and that by the Apostolique dispensation; since Navarre while he remayned at Rome procured 3 or 4 like dispensations.
5, Sheweth that in case, by reason of any difficulties that could not be put in execution in the determinated tyme, which the Prince promiseth, that it would be a hard thing that at 7 yeares end he should yet be deferred, having refused other matches in this kind; and after having placed his love and given his hart to the Infanta.
6, Sheweth that since this busynes cannot bee done without trusting one of the parties, that he esteemes the promise of the King of Spaines above all the securityes in the world; and that the King ought also to repose trust in the Prince; since otherwise greater inconveniences and impossible for the accomplishment of the mariage would follow.
7, Concerning the satisfaction of the devines, the King of Spaine may satisfy them in the confidence he hath in his highnesses word, telling them that they may informe themselves of those Ministers of State that have treated cawses of great importance with the King of England, if ever they have found him wanting in performing his word; and that now he wilbee much lesse in this busynes confirmed with so many oathes.
8, He saith that if the devines forgo not their opinion, they will overthrow his purposes and the mariage; this his highnes desires may be signified to the devines.
9, That it concerneth not only the Devines to consyder of the securities which are to be desyred of the King of Great Brittaine and his highnes, but the King of Spaine and his Councell also.
10, That since in the end they must put some trust in his promise and his fathers, they shall do him favour in doing it upon good termes, since if there shalbee any ill meaning in them, they may aswell shew it after as in the beginning. And that his father hath manifested his good intention, since he hath eased and releived the Catholiques since the treaty of this mariage. And the Prince him selfe hath shewed great confidence in the King of Spaine, since he hath come to waite on him and the Infanta, trusting only upon his royall goodnes.
11, His highnes ressententh that seeing the English Catholiques shall shortly have liberty, they will not suffer him to enjoy the blessednes of the mariage, it being he that hath procured the effecting therof with greater danger then any other.
12, Concerning the oath which the Pope desyreth that they should take of the Prince, the King of Spaine may take it. And though all lye not in his power, he will do as much as concerneth him, contributing all that possibly he can for the fullfilling therof.
13. [Marginal note: the very words verbatim] "Since that which the Devines propose hath so many difficulties in it, that it makes it an impossible thing for his highnes to receive it, and the triall therof would be an error in trying it this way; and that, on the other side, his Highnes to satisfy your Maties conscience takes it upon his faith and honour that not only all the other Covenants, but also the substance of that which the Devines demand, shalbee put in execution, even in the tyme by them lymited, and by more effectuall meanes then they have resolved on."
He beseecheth the King not to suffer him selfe to be caryed away with this determination of the devines, since it putteth into danger the good of Christendome and the augmentation of the Catholique Religion.
14, He prayeth the King will do him the great favour to trust him. "That his highnes doth consecrate and dedicate his person by whatsoever he possesseth to the accomplishment of what shalbee capitulated; and will rather suffer all to be lost and loose him selfe with it then be wanting even in the least thing wherein your Matie shall engage his royall word. And this shall seale up the obligations of his highnes towards your Matie, whose royall person the heavens prosper with those happy successes that may be desyred for the prosperity of his kingdomes."
Contemporary copy. Endorsed: "Extracts of the Pr Wales letters to Pope from 1623." 3 pp. (130. 82.)
The Prince of Wales and the Infanta.
[? Before July 20, 1623]."Articles of the Mariage meeting had betweene the most Excellent Prince of Wales and the most Excellent Infanta and theire common Commissioners."
(1) That the mariage is to be made by the dispensation of the L. Pope. But this is to [be] gotten by the endeavour of the Catholique King.
(2) That the mariage also is on[l]ie to be celebrated in Spaine: and then is to [be] ratifyed in England in forme following. In the morning, after that the most Excellent Lady the Infanta hath finished her devotions in the Chappell, shee and the most Excellent Prince Charles are to meete in the Kings Chappell or some other roome in the Pallace where it shall be thought more expedient: and there all the procurations by the virtue whereof the mariage was celebrated in Spaine are to be read. And as well the most Excellent Prince as also the most Excellent Infanta are to confirme the mariage celebrated in Spaine with all solemnity necessary for such an act, so that not any ceremony or any thing be putt in which contradicts the Romane Catholique religion.
(3) That the most Excellent Infanta bring over with hir servaunts and household convenient for hir service, all which household and persons pertaining to hir his Catholique Excellency shall choose and name, so that he name no servaunt which is a vassall to the King of Great Brittaine without his good will and consent.
(4) That as well the most Excellent Lady the Infanta as also hir servaunts and all hir household shall have free use and publicke exercise of the Romane Catholique religion, in manner and forme as it is hereafter capitulated.
(5) That shee shall have an Oratory and decent Chappell in hir pallace where Masses may be celebrated at the pleasure of the most Excellent Infanta: and likewise that shee shall have at London and wheresoever shee shall abide a publicke and capacius church nere the pallace, where all duetyes may be solemly celebrated, with a church yard and all other necessaryes for the publike preaching of the word of God, and the celebration and administration of all the Sacraments of the Romane Catholique church, and for the buriall of the dead and for the Baptising of Infantes. And that the foresayd Oratory, Chappell and church be adorned with such decency as shall seeme convenient to the most Excellent Infanta.
(6) That the servaunts, both men and women, of the most Excellent Infanta, and hir servaunts servaunts and theire children and those that descent of them, and all of hir household after what manner soever serving [marginal note: familiares] hir Excellency may freely and publikely be Catholiques.
(7) That the most Excellent Infanta hir servaunts and those of hir household before named may be Catholiques in forme following.
(8) That the most Excellent Infanta have in the Pallace hir Oratory and Chappell so capicious (sic) that the sayd servants and household as above may enter and remaine in it, in which there is to be one publike and ordinary doore for them, and another more private doore whereby the most Excellent Lady the Infanta may have entrance into the sayd chappell, where shee and the rest as above may be present at divine duetyes.
(9) That the Oratory, chappell and publike church be adorned with the decent ornament of Altars and other thinges which are necessary for divine service, which is to be celebrated therein according to the rites of the Romane Church. And that it shall be lawfull for the sayd servaunts of the rest (as above) to goe to the sayd Chappell and Church at all howres as it shall seeme good to them.
(10) That the care and custody of the sayd Chappell and Church shall belong to them who shalbe deputed thereunto by the most Excellent lady the Infanta, for whome it shalbe lawfull to appoint keepers that not any one enter there to doe any unseemly thing.
(11) That twenty fowre Priests and Assistants shalbe named to administer the sacraments and to serve in the Chappell and Church aforesayd, who shall serve by weekes or moneths as shall seeme good to the most Excellent Infanta: and the choice of them shall belong to the foresayd most Excellent Catholique King and the most Excellent Infanta, so they be not vassals of the King of Great Brittaine, or if they be, that his good will and consent be first had.
(12) That there be one Minister in Episcopall order constituted Superiour with necessary authority for all cases which shall happen belonging to religion. And that the Bishop failing, his Vicar have the same authority and jurisdiction.
(13) That the Bishop and Superiour Minister may correct, amend and castigate the Romane Catholiques that shall offend, and exercise all Ecclesiasticall jurisdiction over them. And moreover that the most Excellent Infanta may also putt them from hir service when it shall seeme good unto hir.
(14) That he, the sayd constituted Superiour in Episcopall order, or his Vicar may punish the servaunts and other the ecclesiasticall persons (as above) according to the Ecclesiasticall lawes and punishments. And also that the most Excellent lady the Infanta may putt them from hir service.
(15) That it shall be lawfull for the most Excellent lady the Infanta and for hir servaunts (as above) to obteine from Rome dispensations, indulgences, jubilyes and other graces which shall seeme fitt for theire religion and consciences. And to provide for themselves from any place any Catholique bookes whatsoever.
(16) That the servaunts and those of the household of the most Excellent Lady the Infanta which shall abide in England, shall take the Oath of Alleagance to the King of great Brittaine; so that there be no clause nor word in it that contradicts the Romane religion and the consciences of the Catholiques; and if it falls out that they be vassals of the King of great Brittaine they shall take the same oath the Spaniards doe, each of them in forme following: I.N. sweare and promise Alleagaunce to the most Excellent James, King of Great Britaine and to the most Excellent Charles Prince of Wales and to Mary the Infanta of Spaine, which I will firmely and faithfully observe. And if I shall know any thing to be intended against the persons, honour and princely dignity of the foresayd King and Princes or against the state and common good of the Kingdomes, I will forthwith make it knowne to the foresayd Lord the King and Princes, or to theire Ministers appointed to that purpose.
(17) That the lawes which are and shalbe in England and in the other Kingdomes belonging to religion shall not touche the sayd servaunts and other of the Laity (as above), who shalbe exempted boeth (sic) from the lawes and also the penaltyes imposed upon the transgressours of them. And against Ecclesiasticall persons theire Ecclesiasticall Catholique Superiour is onely to proceed as hath bene used to be done amongst the Romane Catholiques. And if any secular judge shall apprehend an Ecclesiasticall man for any fault, he shall doe it for this end, that he may forthwith deliver and remitt him to his Ecclesiasticall and Catholique Superiour who is to proceed against him according to the Canons and Rules of the Law
(18) That the lawes against the Romane Catholiques made or to be made in England or in the other Kingdomes subject to the King of Great Britaine shall not touch the children that spring from this mariage, and that the children are to enjoy the right of succession in the kingdomes and dominions of Great Brittaine.
(19) That the nurces which are to give sucke to the children of the most Excellent Lady the Infanta may be Romane Catholiques, and that the choice of them belong to the foresayd Lady the Infanta whither they be of the English nation or of any other as it shall please the most Excellent Infanta, and that they be numbred to hir household and enjoy and obteine the priviledges thereof.
(20) That the Bishop, the Ecclesiasticall and religious persons of the faimily of the Lady the Infanta shall reteine the apparell and habitt of theire dignity, profession and religion after the Romane manner.
(21) For security that the sayd mariage be not at all dissolved for any cause, the King of Great Brittaine and Prince Charles are to be tyed by theire Kingly word and Honour. Also they shall performe whatsoever shalbe propounded by the Catholique King if it may decently and fitly be done.
(22) That the sonnes and daughters which are to be borne of this mariage are to be brought up by the most Excellent Infanta at the least till they are ten years ould; and the children are to enjoy the right of succession in the foresayd Kingdomes as hath bene sayd.
(23) That after what manner soever it shall happen that the places of the servaunts, both men and women, which the most Excellent Lady the Infanta shall bring with hir, being named by the Catholique King, shall be voyde, either by death or by absence or by any other cause or accident, the servaunts and those of the household (as above) are to be substituted by the Catholique King.
(24) For security that all may be fulfilled as it is capitulated the King of Great Brittaine and the most Excellent Prince Charles are to be tyed by oath, and all the Kings Counsellours are to confirme the treatie by theire handes. Moreover the King and Prince aforesayd are to promise by theire Princely word that they will doe what is possible that all thinges above capitulated may be established by Parlament.
(25) That all these thinges according as they are treated of be propounded and layd open to the L. Pope, that he may vouchsafe to allow of them and to graunt his necessary dispensation to effect the mariage.
Contemporary copy. Endorsed: "Articles of the Marriage meeting between the Pr. Wales and the Infanta."—Dated "1622" (sic) in another hand. 4 pp. (130. 60.)
The Marriage Treaty.
1623, July 20.Form of Oath taken by the Lords of the Council, in the presence of the Lord Marquis de Ynojosa and the Lord Charles a Colonia, Extraordinary Ambassadors of the King of Spain, with reference to the marriage treaty. Taken in the Palace of Westminster, 20 July, 1623.
The Lords' names given are: George, Archbishop of Canterbury; John, Bishop of Lincoln, Keeper of the Great Seal; Lionel, Earl of Middlesex, High Treasurer; Henry, Viscount Mandeville, President of the Council of State; Edward, Earl of Worcester, Keeper of the Privy Seal; Lewis, Duke of Rich[mond] and Lenox, High Steward of the King's House; James, Marquis Hamilton; James, Earl of Carlisle; Thomas, Earl of Kelley; Oliver, Viscount Grandison; Lancelot, Bishop of Winchester; George, Lord Carew of Clopton, Master of the Great Ordnance in England; Arthur, Lord Chichester of Belfast, High Treasurer of Ireland; Sir Thomas Edmondes, Treasurer of the King's House; Sir John Suckling, Controller of the King's House; Sir George Calvert, Chief Secretary; Sir Edward Conwey, the other Chief Secretary; Sir Richard Weston, Chancellor of the Exchequer; Sir Julius Caesar, Master of the Rolls.
2 copies in English and Latin. 2 pp. (130. 81.)
Warrant by the Earl of Salisbury.
1623, July 27.Addressed to Sir Henry Leye, Ranger of Cranborne Chase, and authorizing him to deliver as many bucks as Christopher Keighley shall send for. Hatfeild, this 27th of Julie, 1623.
Unsigned. In Keighley's hand. ½ p. (General 11/13.)
At bottom in another hand: "The Earle of Salisburie purposeth to give entertainment to the Kinge this sommer att Cranborne. I would have you therfore in my name to present him with suche of the best yonge swannes thatt can bee had without prejudice to the game, and likewise thatt you make whatt provision you can bothe of pheasants, railes and partridges and such other foule as maye bee most acceptable unto him, and withall see thatt they bee served in convenient tyme for my lords use which wilbee uppon the xith of August and carried in the night: and also suche fishe as you can provide, lett itt bee likewise bee safelie delivered in."
Sir Edward Conway to the Earl of Salisbury.
1623, October 3.Returns thanks for his favours.—Theobalds, 3 October, 1623.
Signed. ½ p. (130. 82.)
Thomas Harris to Christopher Keighley.
1623, October 20.Has received his letter dated July 3 from the bearer, his neighbour, "wherein I parseave you desire I should be assistant to him for the measuradge and such other casuall profitts as doth heere about appartayne unto my Lord, the which I am verie willing and readie to doe".—From the Mount, the 20th of October, 1623.
Holograph. Seal, broken. ½ p. (General 82/22.)
Edmund Feild.
1623, November 28.Writ of prohibition to Robert Redmayne, on the complaint of Edmund Feild of Aslacton, co. Norfolk, in a suit concerning certain defamatory libels uttered by one Margaret Arrett, widow, and subsequent proceedings in court Christian at Norwich and the Court of Arches, London. Stay of proceedings.—Dated at Westminster, 28th November, in the 21st year of the King's reign.
1 m. (221. 39.)
Marriage Treaty with Spain.
[1623]."Articuli Matrimonialis conventus habiti inter Seremum Walliae Principem er Seream Infantem et Communes eorundem Commissarios."—Undated.
7 pp. (196. 80.)
The Palatinate.
[1623]."A Declaration in the lower house of the Kinges receipts, payments, etc, by the Chancelour of the Exchequer, and in the higher house by the Lord Treasurer."
Monies issued out in Palatinate and others and abroade.145763l
Intertayme[n]ts of Embassadors heare.66736l
In charge of the voiage against the pyrats.64587l
In ships sent forthe to Spaine.52226l
In monies taken by the Prince in Spaine with the interest.46680l
Guiftes and jewels to Embassadors since the Princes returne18138l
For the defence of the Palatinate.172888l
Debts owinge over and besides:
To the King of Denmarke with the interest due in Aprill and July next.80000l
To Burlemacke upon the account of the Palatinate.18590l
For the men of Frankendale.7918l
Sum: 106508l
Monies paid out by the Court of Wards by the Treasurer of the Chamber.5000l
For interest to the King of Denmarke for April and July next.
Sum of all thease summes expended is527534l
Monies receaved upon the titles followinge:
In consideration and impositions upon strangers for the suppressinge the pyrats.12300l
In contributions of the Lords and others for the Palatinate.34618l: 6:8
In subsidies from the layetie and Cleargie for the Palatinate.88699l
(Interlineated: in subsidies from the layetye and Clergye)20032l
Impositions upon wines.33850l
Impositions upon soape.1850l
Sum:181349l
Which deducted from the monies issued amountinge to the summe of 661670l his Matie hath disbursed 290030l, whereof owinge to the King of Denmarke 800000 [? 80000].
To Sir William Cockin
Sir Peter Vanlore30000l
Sir Baptist Hicks
To Burlemacke18500l
To Frankendale7918l
Anticipated of his owne revenues 32000l which amounteth to:168508l
Endorsed: "A declaration of the monyes issued oute and receaved concerning the busines of the Palatainate, 1623." 1 p.
(130. 86.)
Musters.
1623.Certificate of the musters for co. Herts., 1623.
Footmen:Captains; Jo. Watts; Jo. Gill; Wm. Litton; Sir John Lake, and— Colte. Lieutenants: George Thorowgood; Edward Rydall, Edward Barriston; Wm. Lake and Hugh Keatt.
Horsemen:Captain; Sir John Caesar; Lieutenant: Martin Trott.
Totals:Corslets with pikes, 750; muskets, 750; pioners furnished, 150; carts for carriage, 35; lances, 27; light horse, 53; powder, 25 barrels; match, 5 barrels; bullets, 7800.
Signed: C. Moryson; Jo. Boteler; John Leventhorp; Tho. Po[pe] Blownt. 1 sheet. (196. 85.)
— to [Richard] Storie.
[1623–24, ? January]."It is my lords pleasure that you speake with all the ffreeholders within the mannor of Hoddesdon, Baas and Geddings and the hundred of Broughin and Hertford, and lett them knowe that he would have them nowe at the election of the knights of the shire to be sure to be at it, and to give theire voyces first for Sir Charles Morisone (fn. 3) and next for Mr William Litton, whome his lordship intendes to be knights of the shire, and let this be done as speedilie as possible you cane.
P.S. You shall doe well to speake to all othere ffreeholders that you are acquainted with to that purpose."—Undated.
Unsigned. Draft. ½ p. (General 74/9.)

Footnotes

1 William Gatcliff mentioned in the valuation was rector of the parish of St. Clement from 1593 to 1623.
2 The middle portion of this letter within the brackets has been omitted or detached from it; it has been reinserted from Bristol's dispatch in S.P. Spain (S.P. 94), Vol. 26, fol. 93.
3 Sir Charles Morrison and William Lytton were returned M.P.s for Hertford County on 5 February, 1623–24.


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