Anno 22o Georgii Secundi.
DIE Martis, 29o Novembris, 1748.
DIE Martis, 29o Novembris, 1748, Annoque Regni
Serenissimi Domini Nostri Georgii Secundi, Der
Gratia, Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, et Hib'niæ Regis,
Fider Defensoris, &c. Vicesimo Secundo, in quem Diem
hæc Secunda Sessio Parliamenti, per separales Prorogationes, continuata fuerat, in Superiori Domo Parliamenti Magnæ Britanniæ apud Westmonaster convenere
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales, quorum Nomina subscriburtur, et præsentes fuerunt.
Fredericus Princeps Walliæ.
Epus Litch. & Cov.
Epus. Bath. & Wells.
|Ds Hardwicke, Cancellarius.
Dux Dorset, Præses.
Comes Gower, C. P. S
Dux Devon, Senescallus.
Dux Grafton, Camerarius.
Dux St. Albans.
|Ds. Willoughby Par.|
Ds. North & Guil.
His Majesty, being seated on the Throne, adorned
with His Crown and Regal Ornaments, and attended
by His Officers of State, the Prince of Wales (in his
Robes) sitting in his Place on His Majesty's Right
Hand, the Lords being also in their Robes, the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod received His Majesty's
Commands to let the Commons know, "It is His Majesty's Pleasure, that they attend Him immediately,
in this House."
Who being come, with their Speaker;
His Majesty spake as follows;
His Majesty's Speech.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"I acquainted you, at the Close of the last Session
of Parliament, that Preliminary Articles for a General Pacification had been signed by My Minister,
and those of the Most Christian King and The States
General of the United Provinces, to which the Empress
Queen of Hungary, the Kings of Spain and Sardinia,
and the other Powers engaged in the War, soon afterwards acceded.
"I lost no Time, in taking the proper Measures, with
My Allies, for effectuating a general Peace, by a
Definitive Treaty, in which all Parties were to concur And, notwithstanding the Difficulties which
must attend so extensive a Work, wherein the respective Interests of so many Powers were to be finally
adjusted by common Consent, I have been able, by
the Blessing of God, in the Course of the Summer,
to complete it, and I have the Pleasure to acquaint
you, that a Definitive Treaty, previously concerted
with My Allies, has been signed by My Ministers, and
those of France and The States General, to which all
the other Powers concerned in the War have acceded
without Reserve. (fn. 1)
"It has been My chief Endeavour, in putting an
End to the Calamities of War, to make the most effectual Provision for securing the Rights and Interests
of My own Subjects, and to procure the best Terms
and Conditions for My Allies that the Situation of
Affairs would admit And I take much Satisfaction
in being able to tell you, that I have found a general
good Disposition in all the Parties engaged in the
War, to bring this Negotiation to a happy Conclu
sion. From these Circumstances, we may promise ourselves, under God, a long Enjoyment of the Blessings
of Peace, provided we make the right Use and Improvement of it.
"Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
"As great a Progress has been made towards reducing the public Expences, is the Nature of the
Case will allow, and I only desire you to grant Me
such Supplies as may be requisite for the current
Service of the You, for your own Security, and for
making good such Engagements as have been already
entered into, and laid before you Times of Tranquillity are the proper Seasons for lessening the National Debt, and strengthening ourselves against
future Events, and, as the necessary Means for these
Purposes, I must recommend to you the Improvement of the public Revenue, and the maintaining
our Naval Force in proper Strength and Vigour.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"It is impossible for Me to speak to you, on this
Subject of the happy Re-establishment of the public
Tranquillity, without returning you My sincerest
Thanks, for the great and affectionate Support you
have given Me, in carrying on this just and necessary
War, in which not only the common Cause of
Europe, but our own Independency and essential Interests were highly concerned As the extraordinary
Burdens which it brought upon My good Subjects
gave Me much Uneasiness, so I could not but wish
to see as speedy an End put to them as possible.
Whatever the Events of War may have been, the
Bravery of My Troops has distinguished itself, on
every Occasion, to their lasting Honour and our
signal Successes at Sea must ever be remembered, to
the Glory of the British Fleet, and entitle it to the
particular Attention and Support of this Nation. You
will further consider, that those brave Men who have
served well by Sea or Land, and cannot now be employed, justly deserve to be the Objects of your Favour and Protection.
"As My First Care has been, to take the most early
Measures that My People may as soon as possible
reap the Benefits of Peace, so I doubt not of your
chearful Assistance in perfecting this good Work.
Let Me earnestly recommend to you the Advancement of our Commerce, and cultivating the Arts of
Peace, in which you may depend on My hearty Concurrence and Encouragement. It shall be My Endeavour to continue these Blessings, by a punctual Execution of the Engagements now taken, and by maintaining the most perfect Harmony and good Correspondence with the Friends and Allies of Great
"The Experience I have had of you makes Me
rely on the Zeal, Unanimity, and Dispatch, of your
Proceedings, and you may be assured, that nothing
shall be wanting on My Part, to make you a flouishing and happy People"
The Speech being ended, His Majesty was pleased to
reture, and the Commons withdrew.
E of Powis introduced:
Henry Arthur Lord Herbert of Chirbury, being, by
Letters Patent, dat 27o Die Man, 21o Georgii 2di
created Baron Powis of Powis-Castle in the County of
Montgomery, Viscount Ludlow in the County of Salop,
and Earl of Powis in the said County of Montgomery,
was (in his Robes) introduced, between the Earl of
Lincoln and the Earl of Jersey (also in then Robes),
the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, Garter King
at Arms, and the Deputy Earl Marshall, preceding.
The said Earl, on his Knee, presented his Patent to
the Lord Chancellor, at the Woolsick, who delivered
it to the Clerk, and the same was read, at the Table.
His Writ of Summons was also read, as follows, (videlicet,)
His Writ of Summons.
"George the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great
Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the
Faith, &c To Our Right Trusty and Right Wellbeloved Cousin Henry Arthur Earl of Powis, Greeting Whereas, by reason of certain arduous and
urgent Affairs, concerning Us, the State and Defence of Our Kingdom of Great Britain and the
Church, We did lately, with the Advice and
Consent of Our Council, ordam Our present Parliament to be held at Our City of Westminster, on
the Thirteenth Day of August, in the Twentyfirst Year of Our Reign, which Parliament hath
been from that Time, by several Adjournments and
Prorogations, adjourned, prorogued, and continued,
to and until the Twenty-ninth Day of this Instant
November, at Our City aforesaid, to be then there
held We, strictly enjoining, command you, under
the Faith and Allegrance by which you are bound
to Us, that, considering the Difficulty of the said
Affairs, and Dangers impending, all Excuses being
laid aside, you be personally present, at the said Day
and Place, with Us, and with the Prelates, Nobles,
and Peers, of Our said Kingdom, to treat of the
aforesaid Affairs, and to give your Advice, and this
you may in no wise omit, as you tender Us and Our
Honour, and the Safety and Defence of the said
Kingdom and Church, and Dispatch of the said
"Witness Ourself, at Westminster, the Twentythird Day of November, in the Twenty second
Year of Our Reign.
"Yorke and Yorke."
Then, his Lordship having, at the Table, taken the
Oaths, and made and subscribed the Declaration, and
also taken and subscribed the Oath of Abjuration, pursuant to the Statutes, was afterwards placed on the lower
End of the Earls Bench.
L. Monson takes his Seat, and V Leinster sworn.
John Lord Monson sat first in Parliament, after the
Death of his Father John Lord Monson, who, together
with James Lord Viscount Leinster, also took the Oaths,
and made and subscribed the Declaration, and also took
and subscribed the Oath of Abjuration, pursuant to the
Select Vestries regulating, Bill.
Hodie 1a vice lecta est Billa, intituled, "An Act
for the better regulating Select Vestries."
King's Speech reported.
The Lord Chancellor reported His Majesty's Speech.
And the same being read by the Clerk.
Order for an Address.
Ordered, That an humble Address be presented
to His Majesty, "To return Him the Thanks of this
House, for His most Gracious Speech from the
"To testify our Joy on His Majesty's safe and happy
Return into this Kingdom, and to congratulate His
Majesty on the successful Conclusion of a general
Peace, with the Concurrence of all His Allies.
"To express our great Satisfaction in His Majesty's
Wisdom and indefatigable Labours in carrying on
the late just and necessary War, and in the Re-establishment of the public Tranquillity, and to thank His
Majesty for the tender Regard He has shewn to His
own Subjects, by effectuating a Pacification, and by
His early Care to ease His People, and to enable
them to reap the Benefits of Peace.
"To assure His Majesty of our hearty Concurrence
in all such Measures as may tend to perfect this good
Work, to improve our Commerce, and to make the
Blessings of Peace extensive and lasting to His Subjects.
"To express our just Sense of the distinguished Behaviour of His Majesty's Forces by Sea and Land,
and of that particular Attention which ought to be
had for the Maintenance and Encouragement of the
British Fleet, from which such signal Advantages have
accrued during the War.
"To give His Majesty the strongest Assurances of
our Duty and Affection to His Sacred Person, and of
our Zeal for the Preservation of the Protestant Succession in His Royal House, and that we will never
be wanting in our Endeavours to support His Majesty,
in maintaining that Repose which He has restored to
His Kingdoms, and in preserving the most perfect
Correspondence and Union with the Friends and Allies
of Great Britain, and in promoting the Glory and
Happiness of His Reign."
Then the Lords following were appointed a Committee, to draw an Address, pursuant to the said Order,
and report to the House; (videlicet,)
Ld. Privy Seal.
D St. Albans.
|L. Abp. Cant.
L Abp. York.
L. B. Oxford.
Their Lordships, or any Five of them, to meet
immediately, in the Prince's Lodgings near the
House of Peers, and to adjourn as they please.
Then the House was adjourned during Pleasure, and
the Committee withdrew, to prepare the Address.
After some Time, the House was resumed.
And the Earl of Powis reported from the said
Committee, "That they had prepared an Address,
pursuant to the foregoing Order."
And the same, being read by the Clerk, was agreed to
by the House, and is as follows, (videlicet,)
"Most Gracious Sovereign,
"We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, return Your Majesty our humble
Thanks, for Your most Gracious Speech from the
"The Joy which all Your faithful Subjects feel on
Your Majesty's safe and happy Return into this
Kingdom is incapable of any Addition, but it gives
us, at this Time, a peculiar Satisfaction, as it is accompanied with a general Peace, effectuated by Your
Majesty's Prudence and Firmness, and with the Concurrence of all Your Allies On the successful Conclusion of this great Work, we heartily congratulate
Your Majesty, and, with the utmost Thankfulness,
acknowledge Your Wisdom and indefatrgable Labours in carrying on the late just and necessary War,
entered into for supporting the Liberties of Europe,
and securing the Independency and most essential Interests of this Kingdom We are equally sensible of
the tender Regard Your Majesty has shewn for Your
People, in the Re-establishment of the public Tranquillity.
"We cannot be ignorant of the many Difficulties
which must have attended this important and extensive
Negotiation, and we look upon it as a great Instance
of Your Majesty's vigilant and active Care for the
public Welfare, that it has been brought to Perfection, in Concert with, and with the Concurrence of,
so many Powers, in so short a Time.
"With Hearts full of Duty and Affection, we offer
our Thanks to Your Majesty, for Your Paternal
Goodness, in considering with so much Tenderness
the Burdens of Your Subjects, and in taking the
very First Opportunity to give them Ease, and to enable them to reap the Benefits of the Pacification.
Excited by Your Gracious Example and our Love
to our Country, we assure Your Majesty of our chearful and hearty Concurrence in all such Measures as
may tend to perfect what Your Majesty has so prudently begun, may improve our Trade and Commerce, promote Quiet and Harmony at Home, and
render the Blessings of Peace, under the Divine Protection, general and lasting to Your People. In
doing this, we will never fail to have the utmost Attention to the Honour of Your Majesty's Crown,
the Stability of Your Throne, and the Safety of Your
"We have a just Sense of the distinguished Behaviour of Your Majesty's Forces by Sea and Land during the War We look upon them as an Honour
and Strength to their Country, and we applaud that
Goodness which Your Majesty has expressed, in recommending such of them as cannot now be employed to the Favour and Protection of Parliament.
Your Majesty's Sentiments concerning the Naval
Force of this Kingdom are highly worthy of a King
of Great Britain, who has the Honour and Interest of
this Nation entirely at Heart, and the signal Success
that has attended it in the War, as well as the Consequences to be derived from it for maintaining
the Peace, cannot fail to shew the Necessity of giving
the utmost Attention to the Support and Encouragement of the Fleet.
"Permit us, Sir, to make use of this happy Occasion of approaching Your Royal Throne, to give
Your Majesty the strongest Assurances of our inviolable Duty and Fidelity to Your Sacred Person, and
our Zeal for the Preservation of the Protestant Succession in Your Illustrious House, the great Bulwark
of our Religion and Liberties To these Principles
we will always stedfastly adhere, and we faithfully
promise Your Majesty, to exert our utmost Endeavours to support You in maintaining that Repose
which Your Majesty has restored to Your Kingdoms,
as well as to preserve and cultivate the most perfect
Correspondence and Union with the Friends and
Allies of Great Britain, and to promote the Glory
and Happiness of Your Reign."
Ordered, That the said Address be presented to His
Majesty by the whole House.
Ordered, That the Lords with White Staves do
wait on His Majesty, humbly to know when He will be
pleased to be attended therewith.
Lords Committees appointed to consider of the Orders
and Customs of the House, and the Privileges of
Parliament, and of the Peers of Great Britain and
Lords of Parliament.
Ld. Privy Seal.
|Ld Abp. Cant.
Ld. Abp. York.
L. Bp. Rochester.
L B Oxford.
L B Ely.
L. B Bristol.
L B. Landaff.
L B Bath & Wells
L. B. Lincoln.
L B. Norwich.
L. B. St. Davids.
L. B. Bangor.
L. B. St. Asaph.
|L. Willoughby Par.|
L. North & Guil.
L (fn. 2) Ravensworth.
Their Lordships, or any Seven of them, to meet
on Monday next, at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon, in the House of Peers, and every Monday after, and to adjourn as they please.
Committee for the Journal.
Lords Sub-committees appointed to consider of the
Orders and Customs of the House and Privileges
of the Peers of Great Britain and Lords of Parliament, and to peruse and perfect the Journal of
this and former Sessions of Parliament.
|Ld Abp Cant
Ld Abp York
L B Landaff
L. B Lincoln
L B Norwich
L B Bangor
L. B. St. Asaph.
|L Willoughby Par.|
Their Lordships, or any Three of them, to meet
when, where, and as often as, they please.
Stopproges in the Streets, Order to prevent.
The House taking Notice, "That there is such an
Interruption, by Hackney Coaches, Carts, and Drays,
in the Streets and Passages between Charing Cross and
The Old Palace Yard in Westminster, that the Lords
and others are frequently hindered from coming to this
House, to the great Inconventency of the Members
of both Houses"
It is thereupon Ordered, by the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the High
Steward of the City of Westminster, or his Deputy,
together with the Justices of the Peace for the said
City, shall, by their Care and Directions to the Constables and other Officers within the said Limits, take
special Order, that no empty Hackney Coaches be
suffered to make any Stay, between Whitehall and The
Old Palace Yard in Westminster, from Eleven of the
Clock in the Forenoon until Five of the Clock in the
Afternoon of the same Day, during the Sitting of this
Parliament, and that no Carriages, Drays, or Carts,
be permitted to pass through the said Streets and Passages, between Charing Cross and The Old Palace Yard,
between the Hours aforesaid, during the Sitting of this
Parliament, and herein special Care is to be taken, by
the said Deputy Steward, Justices of the Peace, Constables, and all other Officers herein concerned, as the
contrary will be answered to this House And it is
further Ordered, That the High Bailiff of the City of
Westminster, and the Justices of the Peace for the City
and Liberty thereof, or some of them residing in Westminster, be served with the Order of this House, made
this Day, for the Purposes aforesaid.
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque ad & in diem Mercurii,
tricesimum diem instantis Novembris, hora undecima
Auroræ, Dominis sic decernentibus.
DIE Mercurii, 30o Novembris.
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales præsentes
Epus. Litch. & Cov.
|Ds. Hardwicke, Cancellarius.|
Dux Devon, Senescallus.
His Majesty to be attended with the Address:
The Lord Steward acquainted the House, "That
the Lords with White Staves had (according to
Order) waited on His Majesty, humbly to know
what Time He would be pleased to appoint to be
attended with their Lordships Address, and that
His Majesty had been pleased to appoint this
Day, at Two of the Clock, at His Palace of St.
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque ad et in diem Martis,
sextum diem Decembris jam prox. sequen. hora undecima Auroræ, Dominis sic decernentibus.