CHAPTER II. BIOGRAPHICAL.
It will be of interest to know something of the position and character of some of those to whom Brooke House has—at one time or
There are in the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, particulars of
the possessions of the Templars in "Hakeney," dated 5 Edward III.,
1332. (fn. 1) When the order was abolished, all their possessions in England
near the Metropolis were granted to the Priory of St. John of Jerusalem
at Clerkenwell; the whole brotherhood of which, though they disclaimed the military and political pursuits of their predecessors, continued
their Ecclesiastical establishments, and even improved upon their
system. (fn. 2) There is, as before stated, extant, the record of the grant of the
manor of Hackneis (with other lands) to Elizabeth, Queen of Edward
IV. This grant is dated July 7th "In the seventh year of our reign."
Henry: Earl of Northumberland
Henry Algernon Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, to whom, Henry
VIII. presented the manor, was eldest son of Henry Algernon the 5th
Earl. He was born about 1502, and was sent when quite young to be a
page in Wolsey's household. He was knighted in 1519, and, in spite of
the fact that his father had destined him as early as 1516 for Mary
Talbot, the daughter of the Earl of Shrewsbury, he fell in love with Anne
Boleyne, then aged about 20, one of the maids of honour to Queen
Catherine. The intrigue was soon discovered, & Wolsey, who knew by
this time the King's inclinations, scolded the young man. Lord Percy
gave way, but there is little doubt that the attachment lasted through his
life. On the 19th May, 1527, he succeeded his father as 6th Earl of
Northumberland, and in 1530 was employed in the arrest for high
treason of his old employer Cardinal Wolsey. He had many misfortunes.
He was constantly ill from a kind of ague, burdened with debt, and yet
had to keep up a vast establishment, and engage in fighting on his own
account. To add to his other distresses, he disagreed with his wife, who
soon returned to her father, and hated her husband heartily for the rest
of his short life. In 1532 Northumberland stood in great peril. His
wife, drawing doubtless upon her recollection of matrimonial squabbles,
accused him of a pre-contract with Anne Boleyne, confiding her alleged
grievance to her father, who cautiously mentioned the matter to the
Duke of Norfolk. Anne Boleyne herself ordered a public enquiry,
Northumberland denied the accusation, and his accusers were routed. (fn. 3)
When the jealous and inconstant Monarch's affection for Anne Boleyne
(then his Queen) began to decline, this pre-contract was made the pretence for a divorce, and the King having procured the condemnation of
the amiable but unfortunate Anne by adding insult to cruelty, he determined to give her fresh cause of mortification before she died. To this
end a confession was extorted from her that the pre-contract before referred to existed between Lord Percy's father and herself on behalf of
Lord Percy; but this was strongly denied by the Earl in a memorial,
dated Newington Green, May 13, 1537, and written to Cromwell, Earl
of Essex. In this letter he denied that he had been pre-contracted to her.
There is little doubt of the Earl's veracity, for we are informed that the
avowal was drawn from the Queen "by an intimation that the King
would upon no other condition mitigate her cruel sentence of burning
into the milder one of being beheaded." (fn. 4)
The following is a copy of the memorial above referred to:—
"Mr. Secretary, This shall be to signify unto you that I perceive by Sir
Reynold Carnaby that there is supposed a precontract between the Queen
and me: whereupon I was not only heretofore examined upon mine oath
before the Archbishops of Canterbury & York, but also received the
Blessed Sacrament upon the same before the Duke of Norfolk and others
the Kings Highness Council learned in the Spiritual law assuring you,
Mr. Secretary, by the said oath and Blessed Body which afore I received,
and hereafter intend to receive that the same may be my damnation if ever
there was any contract or promise of marriage between me and her. At
Newington Green the 13th day of May in the 28th year of the reign of our
Sovereign Lord King Henry 8th.
Having no children, in 1535 he began to arrange his affairs. He wrote
to Cromwell, Earl of Essex, that the king had given him leave to name
any of his blood his heir, but on account of their "debylytery and unnaturalness" he had determined to make the king his heir; and this decision he confirmed later. In May 1536 he formed one of the Court for
the trial of Anne Boleyne, but when he saw her, was overcome and
By June 1537 his mind was fast failing. He removed to Newington
Green, where, according to the Dictionary of National Biography,
Richard Leighton visited him on June 29th 1537. He says that he found
him "languens in extremis, sight and speech failed, his stomach swollen
so great as I never see none, and his whole body as yellow as saffron." (fn. 5)
The account of his funeral in the Herald's College says:—"Henry Earl
of Northumberland died at his manor of Hackney, in the King's House,
between 2 and 3 in the morning, on the 29th of June 1537, 29 Hen. 8."
From this record it would certainly appear that the Earl breathed his last
at Brooke House, and not at Newington Green. He was buried in Hackney Church (then known as St. Augustine's), and his funeral was attended
by the four orders of friers, clerks, and "priests a great number." Divine
service was performed by the Bishop of St. Asaph and the Abbot of
Stratford. (fn. 6) Weever (fn. 7) quotes the following inscription from his tomb:—
"Here lieth interred
Henry Lord Percy, Earle of Northumberland
Knight of the Most Honorable Order of the Garter
who died in this Towne
the last of June 1537, the 29th of Henry 8."
Dying without issue, and his brother having been attainted, the earldom
became extinct, but was revived again in the person of his nephew,
Thomas Percy, in 1557.
Sir Wm. Herbert, Earl of Pembroke
The Earl of Northumberland having in 1535 conveyed the manor to Sir
Thomas Audley for the king's use, though he retained and resided in
the manor house until his death, the manor seems to have remained vested
in the Crown, being then known as Kingshold, until the first year of the
reign of Edward VI., when the young king, following out the intention
of his father, granted the manor to Sir William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke. This grant is dated July 10th 1547 [1 Edw. VI.] and records the
"grant of the Manor of Brook or King's Place to Sir William Herbert,
Knt., gent. of the Privy Chamber to K. Hen. VIII."
With reference to this grant the Harleian MSS. record under date 28
Apl. 1 Edwd. VI. in an account "pro Willm. Herbert, Knt."
"The Manore of Hackeney wth thappurtenaces
in ye Countie of Midd: pcll of ye Kinges Matie
purchasd land: above £ 10: 12. 11.
|for the moyetie of the keepere of
the Manore and Bailifes fee||li||s||d|
|there by the yeare. cleere||19||2||5|
Sir William, born 1501, was the first Earl of Pembroke of the second
creation, and as a youth seems to have entered the service of his kinsman
the Earl of Worcester, and soon attracted notice at Court. He became in
1526 a gentleman pensioner and esquire of the body of the king. He has
been styled a "mad young fighting fellow," and it is related of him that
on Midsummer day 1527 he took part in an affray at Bristol between
some Welshmen and the watchman, and a few days later killed a mercer
named Vaughan on account of a "want of some respect in compliment."
Thereupon he is said to have fled to France, to have joined the French
army, and to have distinguished himself so conspicuously by his courage
and wit, that the French king wrote in his favour to Henry VIII. He returned home and married Ann, younger daughter of Sir Thomas Parr,
and sister of Catherine Parr who became, on July 12th 1543, Henry
VIII.'s sixth queen. Thenceforth Herbert's place in the royal favour
was assured, and royal grants soon made him a man of fortune. He was
knighted in 1543, was an executor of Henry VIII.'s will, and was nominated by the king as one of Edward VI.'s new Privy Council. (fn. 8)
His London residence was probably Baynard's Castle, which came to
him through Henry VIII., with the Manor of Hendon, Midd. He died
at Hampton Court on the 17th March 1569–70, and was buried in St.
Paul's Cathedral, on the north side of the choir.
In an account rendered by the King's Bailiffs "of all the lordships, manors, lands, & possessions, as well temporal as spiritual, whatsoever being
in the hands of our Lord the King, as well by reason of the suppression
and surrender of divers late monasteries, priories, and other religious
houses, as by reason of exchange, purchase, and attainder," it is stated
that this account is rendered because the said manor (of Hackney) with
the appurtenances, is granted (among other things) to "the Most Noble
Wm. Earl of Pembroke by the name of Sir William Herbert, Kt., and
to his heirs for ever by the letters patent of our Lord King Edward VI.
dated the 10th day of July in the 1st year of his reign . . . To hold
the same of our said Lord the King his heirs and successors in capite by
the service of the twentieth part of a knight's ffee and at the yearly rent
of 38s. 3d. to be paid yearly."
Sir Ralph Sadler
Sir Ralph Sadler, [Sadleyer or Sadleir] who purchased the manor from
the Earl of Pembroke, was born in Hackney in 1507, and was descended
from an ancient family seated at Hackney. He was the eldest son of
Henry Sadleir, received a good education, and entered at an early age
the family of Thomas Cromwell, afterwards Earl of Essex, whose increasing favour with King Henry VIII. proved highly beneficial to his
ward's fortunes. (fn. 9)
He married Margaret Mitchell, a laundress to the Earl's family, in the
lifetime, though absence, of her husband—Matthew Barr, a tradesman,
presumed to be dead at that time—and he procured an Act of Parliament
(37 Hen. 8) for the legitimation of the children by her.
Being Secretary to the Earl of Essex he wrote many things treating of
State affairs, & by that means became known to the "Bluff Harry," who
took him from his master in the 26th year of his reign, and appointed
him Master of the Great Wardrobe. This was a happy circumstance for
him, as it relieved him from the danger of falling with his noble patron.
In the 30th year of his reign Mr. Ralph Sadleir was sworn of His Majesty's Privy Council, and appointed one of the principal Secretaries of
State. The King appointed him by his will as one of the Vice-Regents
of the kingdom during the minority of his son Edward VI., and he bequeathed to him £200 as a legacy. He acquired also (32nd Henry VIII.)
by grant from the King, the Manor of Bromley, together with the
church and the suppressed monastery. (fn. 10) In the first year of Edward VI.
Sir Ralph was appointed Treasurer for the Army. He was present at the
battle of Musselburgh in Scotland—10th September 1547—and when
the English were almost routed, rallied our scattered troops, and invited
them to fight by his example. For this his General created him a KnightBanneret, and the King of Scots' standard which he took in that battle,
stood afterwards by his monument in the Church of Standon, Herts. The
pole only is said to be now left, about 20 feet high, of fir, encircled with
a thin plate of iron from the bottom above the reach of a horseman's
In the time of Queen Mary he resigned and lived privately at Standon.
He was a Privy Counsellor to Queen Elizabeth in the first year of her
reign, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the tenth, which he
held till his death on 30th March, 1587, in the 80th year of his age.
Sadleir is described as a most exquisite writer and a most valiant and experienced soldier—qualifications that seldom meet. "He was small in
stature, but tall in performances ; little was his body, but great his soul."
He was accounted at one time the richest commoner of England, & the
great estate which he got honestly, he spent nobly. (fn. 11)
He was a great promoter of the glorious Reformation ; and he left—be—
sides a good estate to his family—a pardon gained of the Pope by his
servant, when he was at Rome with his master Cromwell, for his own
and successors' sins for three generations; but he was too wise to make
any other use of it than to be merry. (fn. 12)
He is buried under a splendid monument with recumbent effigy in
His descendant, Sir Edwin Sadleir, was made a Baronet in 1661. The
title is now extinct.
Of the earlier members of the family of Carew, the next holders of the
manor, full accounts are not forthcoming.
An extract from the originalia of the Exchequer MSS. in the British
Museum shows the following :—
|2 Edwd. 6|
|D. homagio Wim. de Carewe mit p dmo & Manio de Hackney cu ptn p licene inde fact.|
|3 Edwd. 6|
|Thome Carewar fil e hered Wimonde Carewe mit de funct. Wimond tenuit de Rige in Capite.|
|Rd licen dedit Rico Carewe ar alien maniu de Hackney c at tr Henrico Carey Mit Dno Hunsdon c hered suis.|
From these records it is evident that Sir Wymond Carewe died seized
of the manor, anno 1549, leaving Thomas his son and heir æt. 22. Thomas Carew died anno 1564, leaving Richard his son and heir æt. 17. (fn. 13)
In 1578 we find the manor alienated to Sir Henry Carey, first Lord
Sir Henry Carey is perhaps the most interesting character of all those
who claimed at one time or another the proprietorship of the manor &
its manor house. Born about 1524, he was the only son of William Carey,
"penniless but nobly born," esquire of the body of Henry VIII., by his
wife Mary, sister of Anne Boleyn. Through his mother he was first
cousin to Queen Elizabeth, by whom he was knighted soon after her accession, and was created Baron Hunsdon on January 13, 1558-9.
He has been described as "very choleric but not malicious," and it was
merrily said by Sir Robert Naunton in his "Fragmenta Regalia" that
his "Latine and his dissimulation were both alike, and that his custom
in swearing and obscenity in speech made him seem a worse Christian
than he was, and a better knight of the carpet than he could be." "He
might have been with the Queen whatsoever he would himself; but
would be no more than what he was, preferring enough above a feast in
that interest." "He hung at Court on no man's sleve but stood on his
own botome till the time of his death, having a competent estate of his
own, given him by the Queen."
Three times he was in election to be Earl of Wiltshire, but some intervening accident retarded it. When he lay on his death-bed the queen
gave him a gracious visit. Causing his patent for the said earldom to be
drawn, his robes to be made, & both to be laid down upon his bed, "this
lord" (who could dissemble neither well nor sick), "Madam," said he,
"seeing you counted me not worthy of this honour whilst I was living,
I count myself unworthy of it now I am dying."
Hunsdon died 23rd July 1596 at Somerset House, the use of which the
queen had granted him ; and, as Fuller reports, "of disappointment."
He was buried at Westminster Abbey, on the site of the altar in the
chapel of St. John the Baptist, on 12th August, at the queen's expense ;
and a magnificent and stately monument of alabaster and marble was
erected to his memory by his son, Sir George Carey, who succeeded to
Hunsdon was Lord of the Manor from 1578 to 1583, and it was during
his tenure that the manor house was so considerably altered, his work
surviving to the present day; though, unfortunately, the exigencies of
modern occupancy have destroyed at least the character of the old
In the British Museum is a copy of "Froissart's Chronicles" at one time
in the possession of Lord Hunsdon, and upon the flyleaves is a record,
in his own handwriting, of the births of his children. "It is characteristic of Lord Hunsdon," says Sir Robert Naunton, "to have entered
these family notes—which are usually made in a Bible—in such a book
as "Froissart," a work that doubtless he had read through a hundred
times. He was one who "lived in a ruffling time, and loved sword-andbuckler men." Possibly Froissart was his text book.
The Countess of Lennox.
It would appear from contemporary records that shortly before Lord
Hunsdon's occupation of Brooke House, the queen had permitted the
tenancy of Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, daughter of Queen
Margaret Tudor, a god-child of Cardinal Wolsey and grandmother of
King James I.; and it is said that she removed here from Barber's Barn,
an ancient house in another part of Hackney. This was a small favour,
considering the near connection between these two ladies—and one that
was soon to be cancelled by death, for on March 7, 1577-8 the questionable Earl of Leicester called upon, and, after long private conversation
dined with her. On his departure the Countess was seized with sudden
illness, and expired shortly after, popular report judging the earl as guilty
of her death. (fn. 14) She was at first interred in Hackney Church, but James I.
on his accession removed her body, and his mother's, to Westminster—
where both lie under marble altar tombs in Henry VII.'s chapel.
Holinshed records: "The Ladie Margaret Countesse of Lennox deceased on the 10th March at hir house in the parish of Hackneie besides
Sir Rowland Hayward
In 1586 Lord Hunsdon conveyed the house by sale to Sir Rowland
Hayward, as appears by an entry in the "Originalia of the Exchequer":
Middx. 25 Eliz: Ru licen dedit Henrico Carey milit dno Hunsdon alien
maneria de Hackney cuptin in com pdco Rowlando Hayward et hered suis.
In 1563 he was Sheriff of the City of London; in 1570—as Sir Rowland
Heyward, Clothworker—he was Mayor; and in 1590, Mayor for part
of the year.
Queen Elizabeth held her Court at Hackney about 1587, and stayed in
Sir Rowland Hayward's House— i.e., Brooke House (King's Hold). (fn. 15)
We find by the Churchwarden's Accompts of St. Margaret, Westminster, that their bells were rung on the 28th May, 1590, "when her
Majesty removed from Hackney, to my Chancellor Sir Chris: Hatton at
his then newly-erected mansion."
Lady Katherine Vaux
After Sir Rowland's tenure ceased, the house was for a period occupied
successively by two widowed ladies—the Lady Katherine Vaux, & the
Lady Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Oxenford.
The Lady Vaux was a pronounced adherent of the Roman Catholic
party, and gave much of her time & wealth to the fostering of the tenets
of that faith. She was a devoted friend to the priesthood and provided
shelter for many a hunted "father" in one or other of her houses. Of the
"priest's hole" at Brooke House we have already written.
The Countess of Oxford
The Rt. Hon. the Countess Elizabeth of Oxford was the daughter of
James Trentham, of Rowcester, Staffs., and at one time was maid of
honour to Queen Elizabeth. She was second wife to Edward de Vere,
17th Earl of Oxenford, who was buried at Hackney the 6th of July
The Countess became tenant of the mansion (according to Thomas) in
1596, and retained it till 1609, when she alienated it to Fulke Greville,
In a table of those living at Clapton in 1605, this lady is noted as residing
at Brooke House. She was buried in Hackney Church Dec. 3, 1612. (fn. 16)
It was during the occupancy of the Countess of Oxford, or shortly after
when it again became vested in the Crown (temp. James I.) (fn. 17) that an inventory of the goods in the house was prepared. (fn. 18) It is now in the British
Museum, and is a curious document, worthy of reproduction as indicating very precisely the apartments then existing and their contents :—
In the litle Parlor. Item.—A story of the Rich Man and Death, a little
cubberd by the chimney wth locke and key, a locke to the parlor dore,
In the great Parlor. Item.—Hanginge of blewe and yellow seige, a side
cubberd, a picture hanging over the same wth an iron rodde for a curtayne, a story of Mounte Syon in a byble, one other table wth a story of
Moyses and Aaron.
In the Bisttery. Item.—One cubberd wth three pticons & twoe locke and
noe key, one little hinge.
In the Hall. Item.—Slayne clothes, a picture of Adam and Eve, a picture
of Fame and Tyme, a waynscott cubberd, with inner cubberds, twoe
lockes and one key, and a table uppon a frame, with one forme, and twoe
In the Kitchen. Item.—A beame of iron in the chimney, with the supporters.
In the Lardery. Item.—One cubbord, one hanging shelfe, one iron hooke.
In the Styll House. Item.—One iron chest.
In my La. Chamber. Item.—Paynted cloohes, a yellow cubbord.
In the Little Chamber. Paynted clothes, a troundle bedd, a cubbord locke
In the Presse Chamber. Item.—A clere story glased with two casements
and iron barres, a newe presse with three romes, and a little presse, with
four bolts to them, and a locke, a presse of waynscot ij romes, and ij coberdes, ij lockes, j key.
In the Study in the great Chamber. Item.—A dore with lock and key, a
bench and a shelfe, the study cealed with deale, two . . . . windows of
. . . . lights, and two casements, newe glazed, and iron barres.
In the Wash-house. Item.—An oven in the chimney, a great iron barre.
In the Chamber over it Item.—A bedstede, the windowes unglased, two
wodden windowes to shutt, two dores, to the great dore a lock and a key,
and two great bolts and a chayne, a bolte to the other dore, a dore to the
chamber with lock and key, a window glazed, and a great casement.
In the Wash-yarde. Item.—One great cesterne of leade, and a cock to
serve them. Item.—In the ffield, a cesterne of leade sette in stone, to water
horse att, with cock and pipe thereto. It'm.—In the gardeyn, a cesterne
of leade with pipe and cock thereto. Item.—A cesterne of leade in the
orchard, with pipe and cock thereto.
In the Stable. Item.—A dore with a chay ne and lock ; there are xij barres
of iron to the wyndowes, the stable planked, and a rack and manger, and
a rack to hang bridles on ; a provinder bin.
In the Hen-house. Item.—A coope, a dore with a haspe.
In the Olde Storehouse. Item.—A dore with lock and key and haspe, a dore
in the cole-house.
In the greate Corne Loft. Item.—A dore with a haspe, a joyned windowe
glased, lacking a casement, a lattis windowe with iron lattis, a casement
nere the dore, a shelf of deal borde.
In the next Lofte. Item.—A dore with lock and key, a dore to the officehouse, wherein is slate, a windowe with iron lattis, a drawe windowe
In the Men's Chamber. Item.—A wyndowe glased of ffyve lights, another
wyndowe with shuttings, a dore and lock and key, a bedstead with a
and an old chest.
In the next Chamber. Item.—A wyndowe of vij lights, and a casement
In the Well-yarde. Item.—A pumpe of elme, and sesterne of lead. To the
Milke-house, a dore, locke, and ij keyes. To the Wood-barne, a dore with
lock and key.
In the Stairecase. Item.—In the stairecase there is three clere stories of
ten lights, two casements newlie glased, and all with iron barres, a casement.
In my Ladies Chamber. Item.—A transomed window of twelve lights,
with two casements newe glased, and with iron barres, a dore with locke
and key, and two boltes and a latch, a dore with a bolte to the Mayd'
In the Study. Item.—A dore to the Study with lock and key, and in the
Study a presse, a shelf, and a wyndowe glased of fyve lights & iron barres,
In the Maydes Chamber. Item.—A transomed wyndowe newe glased of
ten lights, without barres, no casement, a drawe wyndow.
In the Entry to the Office-house. Item.—There is a . . . wyndowe of six
lights, and one casement, five barres of iron, & in the house a casement,
and to it a dore with a bolte.
In Rowland Beresfourd Chamber. Item.—Two faire wyndowes of viij
lights, a peece besides thereto newlie glased with two casements and
barres of iron with curtayn rodds, a portall of waynscott and three cubberd dores without locks and keyes, to the portall a latche, one dore of
deal borde with the flower of the same, one bolte to the dore, no locke
but a ring, a dore to the Study in that chamber with a very good lock and
key, in that Study a clere story of two lights, with one casement & iron
barres and two shelves.
In Mrs. Norris, her Chamber. Item.—Two transomed wyndowes of viij
lights a peece to each of them, two great casements all barred with iron
. . . lights, the wyndowe peeces of newe waynscot, and the portall
with a peece of waynscot betwene the portall and wyndowe, to the portall there is two dores, and to them two latches a story of the vj maide.
In the entry to the Great Chamber. Item.—A fayre transomed wyndowe of
ffourtene lights, one casement and iron barres, two clere stories both of
twelve lights, two dores with two locks, and one key to open both.
In the Great Chamber. Item.—The same chamber waynscotted, a portall
with two waynscot dores and fyve other waynscot dores to it, to those
dores foure latches, no locks nor keyes, a . . . coberte and one bolte,
a dore with lock and key, to the staireshed, two transomed wyndowes of
tenn lights a-piece, three casements and twoe ende lights in the study,
within it a dore, locke, and key, the study waynscotted with deal, & two
wyndowes glased, with xij lights, ij casements, iron bars, a tabell with
frame, and iij . . .
In the foure upper Lofts of the newe frame. Item.—One dore for the one, of
thick elme, nayled, with a locke and key and a bolte, a dore to the next
lofte, of deale, a bolte without a locke ; an old dore to the inner lofte,
with a lock & bolte; to these four lofts there are seaven transomed wyndowes of eight lights a-peece, to every wyndowe a casement, and all
wodden barres. It'm.—In the study loft two shelves, and in the . . .
lofte a tabell and two tresseles.
In the little Chamber. Item.—Two wyndowess of vij lights, well glased,
with iron barres and two casements, two dores, one bolte, two locks, and
Sir Fulke Greville, Lord Brooke; Sir Willm. Brooke, Lord Cobham.
Three years before the Countess of Oxford's death she alienated the
Manor House to Fulke Greville, 1st Lord Brooke. It has been stated
that it was this nobleman who first gave the title of Brooke House to
the mansion, but from the Hackney records previously referred to, this
would appear to be incorrect. It is a fact also that he was not the first
Brooke to occupy the mansion, and it is quite likely to have received its
designation from Sir William Brooke, Lord Cobham, as during the
tenure of the Carews it is probable that Sir William was in occupation,
the Hackney registers recording the birth of a daughter, June 2, 1563.
Sir Fulke was the only son of Sir Fulke Greville, of Beauchamp Court,
Warwickshire. (fn. 19)
Brooke House next served as a residence for the Right Hon. Robert,
second Lord Brooke, but for how long is not known.
The Hackney Vestry minutes record that :
"In conformitie to the Instrumt. of the ninth day of Decembr. 1613, from
the Bishp. of this dyosses aforesaid, have made choyce accordyngly of the
Most Emynent, ablest, Antiant of the said parish, for the supply of Vestry
Men whose Names are heare Under written.
The Ryght honble. Robart Lord Brooke, Baron, of
Brooke Cort," &c.
This is the only instance where we have noted the term "Court" applied
to the manor-house.
On the death of this Lord Brooke the house came into the possession of
his son the Rt. Hon. Robert; and the local Church-records show that
—with his wife Dame Anne—he was residing in the mansion in the
Lord Brooke left no male issue at his death, which happened in 1676. (fn. 20)
Of William Hobson, who next held the proprietorship, we have no
knowledge beyond the fact that the mansion was, by his sons-in-law as
trustees, alienated to the Rt. Hon. Sir George Vyner, Kt. and Bart.
The Communion plate of St. John's Church dates from 1662 to 1689,
and amongst this were two silver flagons "ex dono Sir G. Vyner" without date, but probably about 1672. (fn. 21)
The Tyssens—subsequent owners—were formerly merchants at Flushing, and settled in London about the time of James II. Francis Tyssen
lived at Shacklewell and purchased the manor in 1698. He died in 1717
and was buried at Hackney.
Francis John Tyssen
His posthumous heir, Francis John Tyssen, Lord of the Manor of Hackney, died in 1781, leaving a daughter, who subsequently conveyed the
property by marriage to the Amhursts of Rochester.
At the beginning of the last century the property passed—through
failure of male heirs and by marriage of an heiress—to Mr. William
George Daniel of Foley House, Kent, who thereupon assumed, by royal
assent, the surname and arms of Tyssen. His eldest son, who inherited
the manor, took the additional name of Amhurst.