CP40/565
Easter term 1402

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/565: Easter term 1402', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118041 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 102

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 5m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John W., John E., and Robert T., executors of the will of Robert H., claim that William A. owes them 60s arrears as determined by a reckoning of the account between WA himself and the late RH, held before auditor Robert C. This account is purported to concern iron and other merchandise bought by WA. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: WA claims that there was no such accounting before auditor RC concerning iron and other merchandise as the plaintiffs claim and puts himself upon the country, and the plaintiffs put themselves likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the octave of Trinity term 1402.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance as far as the octave of St. John the Baptist 1402.

Postea text: postea 2 - WA did not come and so is in default. Also, default of jury; case respited as far as Michaelmas term 1402, unless first heard at assize.

Postea text: postea 3 - case was heard at assize at St. Martin le Grand, 10/7/1402, before chief justice William T. and associate justice William M. Jury says on oath that there was indeed an accounting held before auditor RC and that WA is to pay the plaintiffs the debt and damages of 5m.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England(initial) 21/08/1391
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
Edward Lakynghithe (m)Surety for defendant
Henry Brampton (m)Surety for defendant
Henry Oundell (m)Attorney of plaintiff
John Berford (m)Surety for defendant
John Esgaston (m)Executor, Plaintiff
John Warener (m)Executor, Plaintiff
Richard Edmund (m)Surety for defendant
Robert Colbroke (m)Auditor
Robert Hanelok (m) dec.Testator
Robert Tenderden (m)Executor, Plaintiff
William Asheman (m)Gorleston < Suffolk < EnglandDefendant
William Mallore (m)JusticeAssize, St Martin Le Grand [court]Justice
William Thirvyng (m)Chief JusticeAssize, St Martin Le Grand [court]Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 112

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Thomas Butiller, dean of the king's chapel of Windsor, claims that John Crukern owes him £100 on a bond. Bond shown in court. Damages claimed at £100.

Pleading: John Crukern says that TB ought not continue his action against him, stating that in the city of London, the sheriffs of the day are also justices of record within the city, and that on 20 January 1399, in the compter of John W., one of the sheriffs of London, TB brought a plea of debt against him for this same £100, with pledges of the prosecution Thomas P. and John M., concerning a certain bond. And at the same compter it was testified by Henry R., one of the servants of sheriff JW, that the defendant John Crukern had nothing in the city, etc. Therefore Henry R. was ordered, according to the custom of the city, to take John Crukern and bring him to the Guildhall in London at the next court before sheriff JW. on 22 January 1399. At this day TB appeared by his attorneys Thomas M. and John O., and the sheriff's servant Henry R. responded that he had taken John Crukern and presented him in the court. Thereupon TB accused John Crukern of owing him £100 for the said bond, this being the same bond presented in the present case, to his damage of 100s. At that time John Crukern argued that the force of the bond should not hold because it was made under duress whilst TB held him imprisoned at Windsor etc. and John Crukern said he was prepared to verify this. TB claimed that this response was insufficient to deny him his action, and sought judgment. JC sought judgment as TB did not deny his claim, but TB stated that he was prepared to verify his claim. Day was given to the parties on 10 February 1399 to be heard before the sheriff of London at the Guildhall. On that day it was seen by the court that the bond did not say where it was made, and John Crukern stated that it was made at Windsor in Berkshire. Upon this, the court ordered that JC should go without day. John Crukern says that the bond TB is now trying to enforce in this court is that same bond, and since he has already been sent without day TB ought not have his action.

Pleading: TB, not acknowledging anything said by JC, states that he did indeed bring a suit against John Crukern in the compter before sheriff of London JW on 22 January 1399, and in the Guildhall of London etc.; and that John Crukern said that the bond was made under duress due to him being imprisoned at Windsor. However, TB states that he denied this claim, arguing that John Crukern made the bond in question of his own free will, and that JC's plea was insufficient. Further, TB states that whereas John Crukern claims he was sent without day on 10 Feb. 1399, the court in fact decided that TB's plea ought to be prosecuted before the law and TB is prepared to verify this. TB seeks that his suit be maintained, and offers to the court the tenor of the record and process under the half seal of the lord king, along with a writ close, dated 4 May 1400, ordering the justices to proceed in this case [writ and process both recited in full, in Latin; the transcript names the servant of the sheriff as William Hogate, rather than Henry Robart named earlier]. In light of these documents, and it being decided that John Crukern did not deny all means for TB's suit to continue etc., the parties are given day at the quindene of Trinity 1402. Pledges named for John Crukern.

Postea text: 1 postea - case forwarded to Michaelmas term 1402. Also in this postea John Crukern, with assent, puts John Cok in his place concerning this plea.

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt George Eastcheap < Billingsgate Ward < London < England(initial) 20/03/1398
(due) 07/04/1398 < Easter
ImprisonmentWindsor < Berkshire < England(initial) 20/03/1398
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
Henry Robart (m)ServantOfficial
John Cok (m)Attorney of defendant
John Cokkes (m)Surety for defendant
John Crukern (m)ChaplainDefendant
John Gold (m)Surety for defendant
John Merser (m)Surety of Plaintiff
John Ogham (m)Attorney of plaintiff
John Warner (m)SheriffOfficial
Nicholas Muttilbery (m)Surety for defendant
Thomas Butiller (m)Dean, WardenSt George's Chapel, Windsor [chapel]Windsor < Berkshire < EnglandPlaintiff
Thomas Melreth (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Prudaunce (m)Surety of Plaintiff
William Hogate (m)ServantOfficial
William Lirbek (m)Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 122d

Term: Easter 1402
County: Wiltshire
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas W. claims that Thomas G. has not rendered to him reasonable account for the time which TG was receiver of the monies of TW. TW claims that between 20/1/1398 and 18/3/1399 TG received on his behalf by the hands of William P. £63 17d, by the hands of William Bysshop £51 13s 9d, and by the hands of William Baly £51 13s 9d to the trade and profit of TW. However, TG has not rendered reasonable account. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: TG says that he was never receiver of the monies of TW from the hands of WP, William Bysshop or William Baly for the said time etc. and puts himself upon the country, and TW puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Wiltshire to make a jury come in the octave of Michaelmas term 1402.

Postea text: 1 postea - writ not sent, case forwarded as far as Hilary term 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Service/employment ContractSalisbury < Wiltshire < England(initial) 20/01/1398
(due) 18/03/1399
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Richard Bradewell (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Edmond (m)Attorney of defendant
Thomas Gerveys (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandDefendant
Thomas Walyngton (m)CitizenDraperLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
William Baly (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandOther
William Bysshop (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandOther
William Pycard (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandOther

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 123

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Thomas M., son and heir of John M., claims that William C. owes him £20 by an indenture. He states that TM granted to WC at farm all of his lands and tenements, rents, etc with appurtenances then held by TM in the vill of Old Ford in the parish of Stepney, to hold for 10 years at an annual rent of 4m, payable equally at Easter and Michaelmas each year. During this term, WC and his assigns were to build and maintain one fish-weir in the adjoining river. If the rent was to fall in arrears, in part or in full, for 18 days after any term, and sufficient distraint is not found in the said lands, then TM, his heirs or assigns may re-enter the property and expel WC, the said indenture notwithstanding. TM would also warrant this agreement for the whole term. For the performance of this agreement, both parties should oblige themselves to the other in £20, payable to the other should any party not hold to the terms of the indenture. TM states WC has not paid him the 4m due for the terms of Easter and Michaelmas years 1& 2 Henry IV, and has not built and maintained the fish-weir, and therefore owes him the said £20 penalty. However, he has not paid this, to his damage of £20. TM presents the indenture to the court.

Pleading: WC comes and says that he held faithfully to his part of this contract.

Pleading: TM reiterates that WC did not pay him the required 2m due at Michaelmas 2 Henry IV and hence did not hold to the contract between them. TM is prepared to verify this.

Pleading: WC says that he did pay TM the required 2m at the said feast and so did not break the terms of the contract and places himself upon the country, and TM places himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Easter term in five weeks 1402. Pledges named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Bond
Rental Agreement
St Olave Old Jewry < Coleman Street Ward < London < England(initial) 29/09/1393
(due) < Michaelmas
(due) < Easter
Location of PropertyOld Ford < Middlesex < England
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John May (m)Old Ford < Middlesex < EnglandOther
Richard Knaff (m)Surety for defendant
Richard Levyngton (m)Middlesex < EnglandSurety for defendant
Thomas Braye (m)Northamptonshire < EnglandSurety for defendant
Thomas May (m)Old Ford < Middlesex < EnglandPlaintiff
Walter Laurens (m)Surety for defendant
William Coterell (m)EsquireDefendant
William Kirkeby (m)Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 123d

Term: Easter 1402
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas W. claims that Thomas G. has not rendered to him reasonable account concerning the time when TG was his bailiff and receiver of monies at Westminster. TW claims that during this period (1/10/1398 - 30/11/1398) TG was his bailiff concerning one messuage in Westminster having care and administration of 300 woollen cloths in the same messuage. And during the same time TG received monies on behalf of the TW, namely 30s. from the hands of John R. at Westminster and £32 16s from the hands of Lawrence A. to the trade and profit of TW. Damages are claimed at 100m.

Pleading: TG says that he was never made bailiff of TW's messuage at Westminster, and nor was he receiver of the monies of TW from JR or LA. TG places himself upon the country and TW places himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Middlesex to make a jury come in the octave of Michaelmas term 1402.

Postea text: 1 postea - writ not sent, so case forwarded as far as Hilary term 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Service/employment ContractWestminster < Middlesex < England(initial) 01/10/1398
(due) 30/11/1398 < St Andrew
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Rouland (m)Other
Lawrence Andrewe (m)Other
Richard Bradewall (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Edmond (m)Attorney of defendant
Thomas Gerveys (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandDefendant
Thomas Walyngton (m)CitizenDraperLondon < EnglandPlaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 124d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £120
Case type: Contract (general); Detention of goods; Loan

Pleading: John M. states that on 10 March 1400, in London, in return for a free loan of £40, he delivered certain goods to John de Wollesle and his wife Matilda (before they were married) as security, namely 6 silver dishes, 8 silver saucers, 4 silver cups, 2 silver lavers, 2 silver salt-cellars, one small silver box for spices, one girdle decorated with silver, two silver girdles decorated with gilt, one mazer with cover decorated with silver and gilt, one gold necklace decorated with a balas ruby, pearls and diamonds; for £40. He says that he has often offered JW and MW this sum in return for the delivery of his goods, but they have refused to accept this and still detain his goods. Damages are claimed at £120.

Pleading: JW and MW say that they do not detain the aforesaid goods or any part of them as JM claims. They offer their law.

Postea text: JW and MW make their law at the same session of court, and JM is in mercy for false claim.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Contract (not Service/employment)
Detention of Goods
Loan
St Bartholomew by the Exchange < Broad Street Ward < London < England(initial) 10/03/1400
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Maryns (m)Plaintiff
John Wollesle (m)Defendant
Matilda Wollesle (f)Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 127

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Reckoning of account; Sale of goods

Pleading: William R. states that on 16 October 1397, in London, John M. accounted with him before William B. and Thomas H., auditors, concerning various purchases, receipts and sales of stockfish, herring and other types of fish, as well as other merchandise etc, and upon this was found to be in arrears to WR in £85. However, John M. has not paid this, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JM comes by his attorney Simon H and defends etc. Day given to the parties on the morrow of St John the Baptist 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England(initial) 16/10/1397
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Missenden (m)Defendant
Simon Harpesfeld (m)Attorney of defendant
Thomas Hare (m)Auditor
William Bollok (m)Auditor
William Radewell (m)CitizenLondon < EnglandPlaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 132d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account; Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas W. claims that Thomas G. has not rendered to him reasonable account for the period when TG was receiver of his money from 12 July 1399 until 10 February 1400, and during that period TG received, on behalf of TW, £58 19s 8d by the hands of William B. in the parish of St. Benet, Paul's Wharf in Castle Baynard ward, London, 42s by the hands of Roger L. and Richard Barwe in the same parish and ward, and £6 by the hands of William T., all to the trade and profit of TW. For this, TG was to render reasonable account, but he has not done so, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TG states that TW ought not have his action, since concerning the £6 received from WT and the 42s from RL and RB, he states that he was not receiver as supposed. Parties on country. Concerning £35 11s 8d of the £58 19s 8d he supposedly received from the hands of WB, TG says that on 12 July 1399 this money (£35 11s 8d) was the money of a certain Nicholas T., and that this NT, in his will, ordained that TG, together with TW, Edward E. and John W., would be executors. On the said 12 July 1399, TG, TW, and EE, with the consent of JW, convened to execute the will, and TW delivered the said £35 11s 8d to TG, for his salary for 3½ years, which NT owed to TG. TG is prepared to verify this and seeks judgment. Concerning the remaining £23 5d which TG supposedly received from the hands of WB, TG says that he indeed received this money from WB in various payments for diverse woollen cloths bought by WB from TG in the parish of St Michael Bassishaw, London. He was not receiver of this £23 5d, and should not render account. This TG is prepared to verify.

Pleading: TW says that his action ought to continue. He states that the £35 11s 8d which TG claims was the money of NT was his own money, not NT's, and is prepared to verify. Concerning the remaining £23 5d, TW states that this was his money, and that TG was his receiver at that time, and was to render account for this.

Pleading: TG reiterates that the £35 11s 8d was the money of NT, and was paid to him as arrears of his wages, and that he received the remainder from WB in payment for the cloth as stated. Parties on country, sheriff of London to have a jury here at the octave of Michaelmas term 1402.

Postea text: Writ not sent, case forwarded as far as the octave of Hilary 1403.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Service/employment ContractSt Benet Paul's Wharf < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England(initial) 12/07/1399
(due) 10/02/1400
Sale of GoodsSt Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Edward Elyon (m)Chaplain, Church OfficialExecutor
John Weryng (m)Executor
Nicholas Taillour (m) dec.Other
Richard Barwe (m)Bury St Edmunds < Suffolk < EnglandOther
Richard Bradewall (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Edmond (m)Attorney of defendant
Roger Lynster (m)Other
Thomas Gerveys (m)Salisbury < Wiltshire < EnglandDefendant
Thomas Walyngton (m)CitizenDraperLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
William Botreaux (m)Other
William Taverner (m)Staines < Surrey < EnglandOther

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 232d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John W. claims that William W. owes him 100s per a bond, payable at West Clandon (Surrey) on the morrow of the Circumcision then next. Damages claimed at £10. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: WW says that JW ought not continue his suit because, by a release dated 8 October 1391, JW acknowledged receipt of this 100s. The receipt is shown in court.

Pleading: JW says that this release is not of his making. JW seeks inquiry upon the country, and WW seeks likewise. WW says that the release was made at Guildford in Surrey, and so order to the sheriff of Surrey to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402. The release is put into the safe keeping of William P. Pledges named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 18/08/1383
(due) 02/01/1384
Release (from Debt/obligation)Guildford < Surrey < England(initial) 08/10/1391
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
John Halle (m)Sussex < EnglandSurety for defendant
John Wantele (m)Plaintiff
Richard Mounstede (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
Robert Bussebrygg (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
Robert Combe (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
William Pountfreyt (m)ClerkCommon Pleas [court]Official
William Weston (m)Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 236

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Maintenance; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Penros amerced for many defaults. Richard F. claims that John P. has broken the ordinance against maintenance by receiving monies to carry on a dispute which previously took place between RF and WH concerning the rightful possession of the manor of Knebworth and advowson of its church. RF claims that, during the reign of Richard II, WH, kinsman and heir of Beatrice H. (who was the wife of Robert H.) brought writ of scire facias against RF that RF show reason why the manor and advowson of Knebworth ought not revert to WH, according to the terms of a fine laid in the court of Edward [II], great-grandfather of Richard II, on the octave of the Purification 1316, before William de Berford and his fellow justices, between Richard de Perers and his wife Joan, and Beatrice H, concerning the manor of Knebworth with appurtenances and the advowson. This writ was returnable at the morrow of Martinmas 1397, before William Thirnyng and his fellow justices, but on the Sunday after the feast of [the translation of] St Edward the King [and confessor], 21 Richard II [14 October 1397], in the parish of St Martin Outwich in London, in return for part of the aforesaid manor and advowson, namely an annual rent of 10m and the advowson for life, JP unlawfully maintained this case, against the form of the ordinance and to his damage of £200.

Pleading: JP defends the suit. Day given to parties at the octave of Trinity.

Pleading: JP, protesting that he has never had any rents or pensions from the said manor, states that he is a sergeant at law, and was so for many years before the said writ of scire facias was procured. He also says that he was retained as legal counsel by WH for the term of his life for many years before the said writ of scire facias was procured, for a certain annual fee. Hence JP says that he was council for WH in the said writ of scire facias. He also says that WH did not prosecute the said writ of scire facias, and recovered nothing by it, and the manor was and still is in the possession of RF. He also states that WH has released his claim to the manor to RF, and that the case of RF is insufficient in law to maintain the action against him.

Pleading: RF, not acknowledging anything said by JP, states that JP's plea is insufficient to preclude him from his action, and seeks judgment and damages. Day given between the parties at the octave of Michaelmas 1402.

Postea text: 22 posteas - forwarding the case as far as to Trinity term 1408 'to hear judgment'.

Events
TypePlaceDate
MaintenanceSt Martin Outwich < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England(initial) 14/10/1397
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
Beatrice Hoo (f) dec.WidowOther
Joan Perers (f) dec.Other
John Lawyery (m)Attorney of defendant
John Penros (m)Defendant
Richard Forster (m)Plaintiff
Richard Perers (m) dec.Other
Robert Hoo (m) dec.Other
William Berford (m) dec.Chief JusticeCommon Pleas [court]Justice
William Hoo (m)KnightOther
William Thirnyng (m)Chief JusticeCommon Pleas [court]Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 275

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John C. claims that John G. owes him £8 arrears, as determined by a reckoning of account held before auditors Walter C. and John F. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: JG claims that he never accounted before auditors WC and JF as claimed and puts himself upon the country, and JC puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the octave of Trinity term 1402. Pledges named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Stephen Coleman Street < Coleman Street Ward < London < England(initial) 25/02/1402
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Chaumberleyn alias John Chaumberlayn (m)Plaintiff
John FitzRichard (m)Auditor
John Godbolt (m)Defendant
John Grene (m)Surety for defendant
Nicholas Geldhurst (m)Essex < EnglandSurety for defendant
Thomas Lucas (m)Surety for defendant
Thomas Taillour (m)Surety for defendant
Walter Cok (m)Attorney of plaintiff, Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 361

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Arbitration; Reckoning of account

Pleading: John B. claims that Robert H. owes him £11 9s 10d arrears as determined by a reckoning of account made between them before auditors John H. and Peter T. on 04/10/1397. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: RH says that JB ought not maintain his action, as after the date of the aforesaid reckoning of account, namely on 03/02/1399 at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, RH and JB submitted to the arbitration of John K. and John D. upon this debt and all other trespasses etc. outstanding between them. The arbitrators decided that RH should pay to JB 10s and that RH should then to be quit concerning all debts, debates and trespasses etc. with JB. RH says that he paid this said 10s to JB, and is prepared to verify this.

Pleading: JB says that he never placed himself in arbitration before the said JK and JD and concerning this he seeks inquiry upon the country, and RH seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Nottinghamshire to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 04/10/1397
ArbitrationSouthwell < Nottinghamshire < England(initial) 03/02/1399
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Bredon (m)CordwainerLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
John Daly (m)Arbitrator
John Hopeswych (m)Auditor
John Kyngeston (m)Arbitrator
Nicholas Wotton (m)Attorney of defendant
Peter Tharthe (m)Auditor
Robert Halom (m)Nottinghamshire < EnglandDefendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 361

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Roger W. claims that on 12 December 1401, in London, Richard P. assaulted him with force and arms. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: RP denies force and arms and puts himself upon the country, and RW puts himself likewise. Concerning the assault, RP says that at the time in the place he supposedly assaulted RW, RW actually assaulted RP, and that if RP did any harm to RW it was only in defence of his own body. This RP is prepared to verify.

Pleading: RW says that RP assaulted him out of malice, as he has claimed, and seeks inquiry on the country. RP seeks inquiry similarly. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the octave of Trinity term 1402. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AssaultSt Edmund the King and Martyr < Langbourn Ward < London < England(initial) 12/12/1401
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
[omitted] [omitted] (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Alfred Manston (m)Surety for defendant
John Dewdeney (m)Surety for defendant
Richard Pyrwell (m)Defendant
Roger Walsham (m)Plaintiff
Thomas Russell (m)London < EnglandSurety for defendant
Walter Cok (m)Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 361d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Gilbert H., John H., Thomas P., William Chepelond, and John M., who are the executors of the will of William Chaunterell, claim that William S. owes them 40s arrears and clear debt as determined by a reckoning of account held before auditors William Chepelond and Ralph C. Damages claimed at 40s. The executors present the will etc. to the court showing they are the executors of William Chaunterell etc.

Pleading: WS says that no such reckoning of account took place before the auditors stated and WS puts himself on the country, and the plaintiffs put themselves similarly. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402. Pledges named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Mary Fenchurch < Langbourn Ward < London < England(initial) 19/04/1400
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Alexander Clare (m)Surety for defendant
Gilbert Hamme (m)Executor, Plaintiff
John Harold (m)Executor, Plaintiff
John Mariot (m)Executor, Plaintiff
John Rolf (m)Essex < EnglandSurety for defendant
John Warde (m)Surety for defendant
Ralph Chauntrell (m)Auditor
Thomas Podeye (m)Executor, Plaintiff
William Chaunterell (m) dec.Burgess, CitizenLondon < England alias Lewes < Sussex < EnglandTestator
William Cheplond alias William Chepelond (m)Auditor, Executor, Plaintiff
William Culkok (m)Surety for defendant
William Smyth (m)Hedingham < Essex < EnglandDefendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 369

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Damages awarded: 26s 8d
Costs: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William C., William A., and Richard L., executors of the will of Hugh a Zouche, together with John P. and his wife Joan, co-executrix, claim that William Fulburn owes them 50m by virtue of a bond made with Hugh la Zouche during his lifetime. This bond was payable to Hugh or his attorney at Swavesey in two payments of 25m, at the feasts of Christmas 1398 and Easter 1399. Damages claimed at 100m. The plaintiffs present both letters testamentary concerning HZ and the bond to the court. Noted that the bond does not say where it was made but the plaintiffs claim it was made in the parish of St Vedast in the ward of Farringdon Within, London.

Pleading: WF says that the bond is not of his making, and is prepared to verify this.

Pleading: The plaintiffs say that the bond is of WF's making and seek inquiry upon the country, and WF seeks likewise. The bond is given to William P. for safe keeping. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Trinity term 1402. Pledges named for the defendant [one lost].

Postea text: 2 posteas - writ not sent, case forwarded to [octave of] Martinmas 1402

Postea text: postea 3 - WF does not come so the case is respited as far as Hilary term 1403 unless heard at St Martin le Grand on 29/11/1402 before justice William B.

Postea text: postea 4 - case was heard before justice WB and associate justice Richard H. at the assize at St Martin le Grand on 29/11/1402. The jury said on oath that the bond was of WF's making. The plaintiffs are to recover the debt plus 26s 8d damages and 40s costs. Note that the bond, which had been given to justice WB for the trial at assize, is returned to clerk WP.

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt Vedast Foster Lane < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 20/08/1398
(due) 25/12/1398 < Christmas
(due) 30/03/1399 < Easter
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
Gilbert Hame (m)Attorney of plaintiff
Hugh Zouche (m) dec.KnightCreditor
Joan Pelham (f)Other
John Jekell (m)Cambridgeshire < EnglandSurety for defendant
John Pelham (m)Plaintiff
Nicholas Caldecote (m)Surety for defendant
Richard Huntyngton (m)JusticeAssize, St Martin Le GrandJustice
Richard Leverer (m)Executor, Plaintiff
William Aleyn (m)Executor, Plaintiff
William Brenchesle (m)JusticeAssize (st Martin Le Grand) [court]Justice
William Crouchere (m)ParsonFen Drayton [church]Fen Drayton < Cambridgeshire < EnglandExecutor, Plaintiff
William Fulburn (m)Defendant
William Northryn (m)Surety for defendant
William Pountfreyt (m)DraperCommon Pleas [court]Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 405d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 53s 4d
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: Walter Paford claims that Thomas C. owes him a total of £8 13s 4d, £6 13s 4d by a bond made on 14/01/1397, and 40s by a loan made on 20/01/1397. Bond shown in court. Both debts were payable to Walter Paford or his attorney at Fordingbridge in Hampshire on the morrow of Epiphany then next (7/01/1398), but have not been paid. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: TC says that the action against him ought not continue because afterwards, namely on 10/02/1397, Walter Paford released and quitclaimed to him actions and debts real or personal prior to that date. TC offers this release in court and is prepared to verify etc. Noted that the release says nothing of where it was made, but TC says it was made in London, in the parish of St Dunstan in the West, ward of Farringdon Without.

Pleading: Walter Paford says that the release is not of his making and seeks inquiry upon the country, and TC seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff to make view in the parish of St Dunstan in the West, ward of Farringdon Without etc. The release is given to clerk William Pountfreyt for safe keeping.

Postea text: postea 1 - Note that clerk William Pounfreyt delivered the release to justice William R. on 14/10/1402 and that on 4/11/1402 the document was returned to the custody of William Pountfreyt. Case adjourned to Michaelmas in one month, unless first heard at the assize at St Martin le Grand before justice WR on 14/10/1402.

Postea text: postea 2 - On 14/10/1402 justice WR and associate justice Thomas S. heard the case. Jury said on oath that release is not genuine, and hence Walter Paford is to recover the debt and damages of 20s. Walter Paford says that he wishes the damages to be increased and this is assessed by the jury, whence the damages are increased by 33s 4d to a total of 4m.

Postea text: postea 3 - On Saturday next before Michaelmas one month (21/10/1402) John Paford, attorney of Walter Paford, comes to court and acknowledges satisfaction of the debt and damages. Also noted that TC comes before chief justice William T. and makes fine with the king in 6s 8d. Pledges named for TC's fine to the king.

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 14/01/1397
(due) 07/01/1398
LoanSt Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 20/01/1397
(due) 07/01/1398
Release (from Debt/obligation)St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England(initial) 10/02/1397
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
John Pafford (m)Attorney of plaintiff
John West (m)Surety for defendant
Richard Tumbrell (m)Attorney of defendant
Thomas Chapeleyn (m)Fordingbridge < Hampshire < EnglandDefendant
Thomas Stotevill (m)Assize, St Martin Le Grand [court]Justice
Walter Pafford alias Walter Paford (m)EsquirePlaintiff
William Alysaundre (m)Wiltshire < EnglandSurety for defendant
William Pountfreit (m)ClerkCommon Pleas [court]Official
William Rikhull (m)JusticeCommon Pleas [court]Justice
William Thirnyng (m)Chief JusticeCommon Pleas [court]Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 454

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Richard O. claims that Richard B. owes him 100s arrears as determined by a reckoning of account made between them before auditors Robert B. and John O. Damages claimed at £20.

Pleading: RB says that there was no such accounting before the said auditors etc. and puts himself upon the country, and RO puts himself likewise. Order the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt John Walbrook < Dowgate Ward < London < England(initial) 20/05/1398
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Edward Massyngham (m)Surety for defendant
John Norwich (m)Norfolk < EnglandSurety for defendant
John Oatfeld (m)Auditor
Richard Benet (m)ClerkDefendant
Richard Onyngton (m)WebsterLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
Robert Belamy (m)Auditor
Thomas Merton (m)Surety for defendant
William Middilton (m)Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 470

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Arbitration; Bond; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Wantele states that on the eve of Martinmas 1387, in London, William Weston made a bond with him in £100, payable in Guildford at the feast of St Katherine then next. However, he has not paid, to his damage of £20. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: WW says that after the making of the said bond, JW, by an indenture which he shows in court [recited in full, in French], granted that if all the terms contained in the indenture should be performed by WW, then the bond shall be cancelled, but otherwise it shall remain in force. The terms of the indenture were that WW had granted to JW at farm the entire manor of Norton in Hampshire [Selborne parish], with 22m of rent and all appurtenances, from this 11 November 1397 until the following Christmas, and from then for 12 years, paying 100s at Guildford for the initial period, then £20 for the first year and £15 per year subsequently, payable at the four usual terms. [Details of terms and warranty given]. For the performance of this agreement, JW obliged himself in £100, payable to WW at Guildford at the feast of St Katherine then next, and WW likewise. Dated Martinmas 1397. He states that he has kept to his part of this agreement.

Pleading: JW states that his action should continue, as the manor of Norton was held of a certain Joan de Camoys by homage and fealty, suit at Joan's court at Cramborne, and other reliefs, including a heriot of a tenant's better animals on the death of any tenant. The relief owed on the death of Ralph Norton, former tenant of Norton, whose estate passed to WW as kinsman and heir, had not been paid, and so Joan C, by her ministers, distrained and impounded certain [lost] of JW worth 4m and 10 oxen worth £10 for this homage, fealty, relief and heriot. JW asked WW to make amends, but he has not done so.

Pleading: WW states that immediately after he knew of these distraints he came to JW at Guildford and offered to make amends, but JW asked for an excessive amount, and there was a dispute between them. Accordingly, on the advice of their friends, at Guildford on 20 May 1391 they placed themselves in the arbitration of William Aspelton on the part of JW and William Clympyng senior on the part of WW, on this and all outstanding disputes between them, and they ordained that WW should pay JW 4m as compensation, which WW immediately paid.

Pleading: JW states that he had no such arbitration before WA and WC as claimed by WW.

Pleading: WW states that there was such arbitration as claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of Surrey to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named for defendant.

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England(initial) 10/11/1387
(due) 25/11/1387 < St Katherine
Rental AgreementNorton < Hampshire < England(initial) 11/11/1397
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Joan Camoys (f)Other
John Halle (m)Sussex < EnglandSurety for defendant
John Wantele (m)Plaintiff
Ralph Norton (m) dec.KnightOther
Richard Mounstede (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
Robert Bussebrygg (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
Robert Combe (m)Surrey < EnglandSurety for defendant
William Aspelton (m)Arbitrator
William Clympyng snr (m)Arbitrator
William Weston (m)Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 476d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William atte Mille claims that Richard S. owes him £20 on a bond, made in London and payable to WM or his attorney at 'Heyford'. Damages claimed at £40. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: RS says that the case should not continue because in the writ he is addressed as 'Richard Snowe, vicar of Ampthill' and he is not the vicar of Ampthill and was not at the time of the making of the writ.

Pleading: WM says that his case should continue because on the day of his original writ, namely [omitted], RS was the vicar of Ampthill and seeks inquiry upon the country, and RS seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff (of Bedfordshire) to make a jury come in the octave of Trinity term 1402. Pledges named for the defendant.

Postea text: 7 posteas - sheriff did not send the writ, forwarding the case as far as Easter term 1404

Events
TypePlaceDate
BondSt Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England(initial) 14/02/1396
(due) 25/03/1396 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationInstitutionPlaceRole
Richard Snowe (m)VicarAmpthill [church]Ampthill < Bedfordshire < EnglandDefendant
Walter Cok (m)Attorney of plaintiff
William Armeston jnr (m)Surety for defendant
William Armeston snr (m)Surety for defendant
William atte Mille (m)Parson'Heyford' < EnglandPlaintiff
William Est (m)Surety for defendant
William Werketon (m)Northamptonshire < EnglandSurety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 481d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Contract (general)

Pleading: Robert A. claims that William G. agreed to pay him 16s 8d for the embroidering of one unfinished gown, and 23s 4d which the same WG had until that time accrued in debt. This total of 40s was to be paid to RA at Easter 1396, but was not paid. Damages claimed at 100s.

Pleading: WG says that he does not owe RA the said 40s and offers to make his law, in Trinity term 1402. Pledges of law and pledges for future appearance are named.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Contract (not Service/employment)St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England(initial) 13/12/1395
(due) 02/04/1396 < Easter
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
John Goold (m)Surety of law (compurgator)
Nicholas Muttilbury (m)Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Asshecombe (m)CitizenEmbroidererLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
Robert Gamel (m)Surety for defendant
Thomas Brokhampton (m)Surety for defendant
William Grene (m)EsquireDefendant
William Rider (m)Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 484

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Arbitration; Taking of goods

Pleading: Edmund F. claims that on 24 August 1397, in London, Thomas A and John C. forcibly took and carried off his goods and chattels to the value of £88, namely 4 casks of woad, woodashes, 12 bails of madder and alum and other goods and chattels, against the peace and to his damage of £100.

Pleading: TA and JC deny force and arms and place themselves upon the country, and EF places himself likewise. Concerning the taking of EF's goods and chattels, the defendants say that EF ought not continue his suit because after the aforementioned incident, namely on 21/07/1401, both parties underwent arbitration at Salisbury before arbitrators Ralph S. on the part of EF and William D. on the part of TA and JC, who decided that JA and TC ought to give 2 gallons of wine to EF to settle this and all other disputes between them, which the defendants say they did.

Pleading: EF says that he never placed himself in the arbitration of RS and WD as claimed. He seeks inquiry upon the country, and TA and JC seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Wiltshire to have jury here at the octave of Trinity term 1402.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to the octave of St John the Baptist then next coming. On this day EF came, but the defendants did not come, and so are in default. Jury did not come, in respite to octave of Michaelmas 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
Taking of GoodsSt Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England(initial) 24/08/1397
ArbitrationSalisbury < Wiltshire < England(initial) 21/07/1401
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Edmund Fraunceys (m)Plaintiff
John Caumbrigge (m)Defendant
Ralph Stalbrygge (m)Arbitrator
Robert Okebourne (m)Attorney of defendant
Thomas Abbot (m)Defendant
William Dynton (m)Arbitrator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 484

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Edmund G. claims that Lawrence G. owes him 5m arrears and clear debt as determined by a reckoning of the account between them before auditors John N. and Richard W. Damages claimed at 5m.

Pleading: LG says that he does not owe EG the said 5m nor any other money and puts himself upon the country, EG puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402. Note that LG puts John S. in his place versus EG concerning this suit.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Martin Vintry < Vintry Ward < London < England(initial) 05/03/1398
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Edmund Grymston (m)CitizenVintnerLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
John Norton (m)Auditor
John Sourby (m)Attorney of defendant
Lawrence Grey (m)Westminster < Middlesex < EnglandDefendant
Richard Walworthe (m)Auditor
Walter Cok (m)Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 484d

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Hugh G. claims that Thomas P. was found to owe him 4m 4s 8d arrears and clear debt after a reckoning of account between them. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: TP says that he does not owe HG the said 4m 4s 8d nor any other money and puts himself upon the country, and HG puts himself likewise. TP puts William M. in his place versus HG concerning this suit. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in the quindene of Trinity term 1402.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England(initial) 02/08/1400
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Hugh Goldbetere (m)Norwich < Norfolk < EnglandPlaintiff
Thomas Prynce (m)PainterLondon < EnglandDefendant
Thomas Seyve (m)Attorney of plaintiff
William Misterton (m)Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/565, rot. 490

Term: Easter 1402
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Arbitration; Reckoning of account

Pleading: John S. claims that John O. owes him £18 18s 4d arrears as determined by a reckoning of account between them before auditors John M. and Richard R. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: JO says that after the time of the said accounting, on 29 July 1398, he and JS undertook arbitration at Bristol before arbitrators John C. and Peter T. This arbitration decided that JO should pay to JS 18d to fully satisfy all disputes between them, and JO says that he did this.

Pleading: JS says that he did not have any such arbitration and seeks inquiry upon the country, and JO seeks similarly. Order to the sheriff of Bristol to have jury here at quindene of Trinity term 1402. Pledges named for the defendant.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1403. On this day, JS came, JO did not come, in default. Jury in respite to octave of Trinity, as the jury did not come.

Events
TypePlaceDate
AccountingSt Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England(initial) 01/07/1398
ArbitrationBristol < Bristol < England(initial) 29/07/1398
Individuals
IndividualStatusOccupationPlaceRole
Guy Teukesbury (m)Surety for defendant
Hugh Bristowe (m)Surety for defendant
John Chyverton (m)SkinnerArbitrator
John More (m)Surety for defendant
John Mullyng (m)Auditor
John Outlowe (m)Bristol < Bristol < EnglandDefendant
John Styward (m)CourserLondon < EnglandPlaintiff
Nicholas Alderley (m)Surety for defendant
Peter Taillour (m)Arbitrator
Richard Roudon (m)Auditor