CP40/594
Trinity term 1409

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/594: Trinity term 1409', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118061 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 093d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 103d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 106d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 113
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 119
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 130
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 135
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 135
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 193d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 196d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 199d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 271
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 282
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 282d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 292d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 294
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 371
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 371d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 372
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 437
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 437d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 438
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 440
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 440d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 456d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 457d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 459
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 499

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Richard A. claims that John C. owes him 42s arising from the sale of 2 cows, 4 pigs, 6 calves, and 6 sheep which JC bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: JC says that he does not owe RA the aforesaid 42s nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges of law are named as well as pledges of future appearance.

Postea text: postea 1 - JC does not come and so is in default, he and his pledges of law are in mercy. RA is to recover the aforesaid debt (42s) and damages (40s). Upon this RA relaxes 26s 8d of the aforesaid damages.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Camblesforth < Yorkshire < England (initial) 01/10/1380
(due) 14/04/1381 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Assheburn (m) Derbyshire < England Surety for defendant
John Curtays (m) Butcher (lately of) Snaith < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Matthew Fuller (m) London < England Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Arnold (m) Swinefleet < Yorkshire < England Plaintiff
Robert Howden (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Cutte (m) Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Benet (m) Skinner Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: William P. claims that on 17/01/1409 he retained Richard B. to work for him as a baker from that day until Michaelmas 1409 (29/09/1409). However, it is claimed that RB left WP's service without reasonable cause on 23/05/1409, in breach of the statute of labourers. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: RB says that he left WP's service with good reason, because a certain Godekin F., John D., and Claicius D., fellow servants of WP sought, by way of an illegal compact with WP, planned to kill him. Hence RB feared for his life and limbs, and so withdrew from WP's service.

Pleading: WP reiterates his claim that RB left his service without reasonable cause and seeks inquiry upon the country, and RB seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in (term left blank). Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Breach of Statute London < England (initial) 23/05/1409
Service/employment Contract St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 17/01/1409
(due) 29/09/1409 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Claicius Duchman (m) Servant Other
Godekin Flandria (m) Servant Flanders < Foreign < Flanders Other
John Duchman (m) Servant Other
John Eellerker (m) Yorkshire < England Surety for defendant
John Sakespey (m) Lincolnshire < England Surety for defendant
John Yerde (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Matthew Londeneys (m) Essex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Baker (m) Servant Norfolk < England Defendant
Thomas Kirkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Piper (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 088d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John P., administrator of the goods and chattels of Walter K. (died intestate), with co-administrators Walter G. and his wife Joan G., claim that Adam C. owes them £18 per a bond made between the late WK and AC. Damages are claimed at 20m. Bond shown in court, as well as letters of administration. Noted that the bond says nothing of where it was made, but JP, WG and AG say it was made at London etc.

Pleading: AC says that the action against him ought not continue, because after the making of he aforesaid bond WK issued him a release on 12/02/1407 at Papworth, Cambridgeshire. Release presented to the court.

Pleading: JP, WG, and JG say that the release is not of the late WK's making and seek inquiry upon the country, and AC seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Cambridgeshire to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant. The release is put into the safe keeping of clerk Robert M.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance between the parties as far as Hilary term 1410 so that a jury can be placed.

Postea text: postea 2 - a jury comes and says on oath that the release is not of the late WK's making. Therefore the plaintiffs are to recover the £18 debt plus 40s for damages and costs. AC is to be arrested.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Papworth < Cambridgeshire < England (initial) 12/02/1407
Bond All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 13/02/1405
(due) 01/11/1405 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Adam Cove (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Defendant
Joan Gantron (f) Administrator, Plaintiff
John Empyngham (m) London < England Surety for defendant
John Perveys (m) Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Administrator, Plaintiff
John Rous (m) Surety for defendant
Robert Manfeld (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Clerk
Robert Mildenhale (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Russell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Walter Gantron (m) Administrator, Plaintiff
Walter Kyng (m) dec. Citizen Grocer London < England Creditor
William Halle (m) Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 093d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John E. claims that Thomas M. owes him 60s arising from the sale of 1000 pounds of iron which TM bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: TM says that he does not owe JE the aforesaid 60s nor any other monies and puts himself upon the country, and JE puts himself likewise.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Maidstone < Kent < England (initial) 07/10/1403
(due) 12/03/1404 < St Gregory the Great
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Esgarston (m) Ironmonger London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Adam (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Horden (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Machoun (m) Godmersham < Kent < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 103d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Essex
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: John S. claims that John C. owes him £6 2s 8d arising from the sale of 2 pipes of red wine which JC bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: JC says that he does not owe JS the aforesaid £6 2s 8d nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges of law are named. It is ordered that JC's attorney, Adam S., is to have his master here to make his law in the aforesaid term.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 08/05/1404
(due) 29/09/1404 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Adam Stover (m) Attorney of defendant, Surety for defendant
John Aldwyncle (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Cary (m) Coggeshall < Essex < England Defendant
John St. Germano (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Spycer (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Horn (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 106d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Wiltshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 80s
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John L. claims that Thomas W. owes him £25 11s 4d on a bond. Bond shown in court. Damages clamed at £40.

Pleading: TW says that the force of the bond ought not hold because he was imprisoned by JL and his associates in London, in the parish of St Mildred, Cheap ward, and made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JL says that TW was a free man at the time of the bond's making and seeks inquiry upon the country, and TW seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come at the octave of Michaelmas 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Postea text: TW does not come, in default. Jury in respite to Michaelmas one month, nisi prius the case is first heard before justice John C. at the assize at St Martin le Grand on 21 October 1409, as jury did not come. On that day, JL came, JC sent record that on that day, before JC and John Godefray, JL came, jury said that TW made the bond freely and not under duress. Order that JL recover the debt, plus damages and costs of 40s. JL asks that the justices increase his award for costs, and he is awarded a further 40s. JL is to recover the original debt plus a total of 40s costs and damages. TW amerced

Postea text: JL acknowledges satisfaction of the debt and damages. TW is quit, and the warden of the Fleet is discharged of the custody of TW.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Benet Sherehog < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 18/02/1408
(due) 25/03/1408 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Imprisonment St Mildred Poultry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 18/02/1408
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Cogger (m) Surety for defendant
John Colpeper (m) Justice Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
John Deverell (m) Wiltshire < England Surety for defendant
John Godefray (m) Justice Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
John Loughtburgh (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Milborne (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Whelere (m) Weaver Salisbury < Wiltshire < England Defendant
William Machon (m) Surety for defendant
William Walden (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 113

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Parson John W. and vicar John B., executors of the will of John R., together with co-executor Thomasine B. and her husband Walter B., claim that John K. owes them £26 8s 4d per a bond made between the late JR and TK, payable at Odiham, Hampshire. Damages are claimed at £20. Bond shown in court, as well as letters testamentary indicating that parson JW, vicar JB, and TB are the legal executors and administrators of the late JR.

Pleading: JK says that the action against him ought not continue because a certain William C., a now deceased co-executor of parson JW, vicar JB, and TB, issued him a release at Odiham on 11/12/1404.

Pleading: The plaintiffs say that the release is not of the late WC's making and seek inquiry upon the country, and JK seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Hampshire to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. The release is put into the safe keeping of clerk Robert M.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of Hampshire returns that he delivered the writ to Richard V., bailiff of the liberty of Odiham, but had nothing in return. Therefore a new writ is issued and the sheriff is not to omit the liberty. A jury is to be made to come in Hilary term 1410.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 24/06/1398
(due) 25/03/1399 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Release (from Debt/obligation) Odiham < Hampshire < England (initial) 11/12/1404
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Benstede (m) Vicar Crondall [church] Crondall < Hampshire < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Knyght (m) Odiham < Hampshire < England Defendant
John Rameston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Richard (m) dec. Crondall < Hampshire < England alias Berwick St James < Wiltshire < England Creditor
John Wykeham (m) Master Parson Crondall < Hampshire < England Executor, Plaintiff
Richard Vaus (m) Bailiff Odiham [liberty] Odiham < Hampshire < England Official
Robert Manfeld (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Clerk
Thomasine Belkes (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Walter Bekles (m) Plaintiff
William Byngham (m) Attorney of defendant
William Coumbe (m) dec. Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 119

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Suffolk
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John P. and William F. claim that Thomas P. and John A., executors of the will of Walter S., owe them 40s per a bond made between JP with WF on one part and the late WS on the other part. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: TP and JA say that they administered nothing of the goods or chattels that were of the late WS at time of his death as executors.

Pleading: JP and WF say that TP and JA administered diverse goods and chattels of the late WS, namely at Sudury, Suffolk. JP with WF seek inquiry upon the country, and TP with JA seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Suffolk to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Sudbury < Suffolk < England (initial) 02/08/1408
(due) 01/08/1409 < St Peter ad Vincula
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Ayllof (m) Defendant, Executor
John Parker (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Porterose jnr (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Prentys (m) Defendant, Executor
Walter Smyth (m) dec. Chandler Sudbury < Suffolk < England Debtor
William Fenyngham (m) Attorney of defendant
William Fullere (m) London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 130

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Suffolk
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods

Pleading: John B. claims that Nicholas C. used force and arms to break his house and close at Nayland, Suffolk, where he: felled and removed 20 oak trees, 20 oak saplings, 40 ash trees, 20 quaking (ash) trees, 20 apple trees, 10 pear trees, and 20 plumb trees with a total value of £10; and allowed sheep, cows, pigs etc. to consume, trample, and depasture hay worth 100s. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms NC says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and JB puts himself likewise. Concerning the remainder of the supposed trespass NC denies that the trees and hay were of the value claimed by JB. NC says that the house and close mentioned were his own free tenement, as well as the land where the aforementioned trees and hay were growing. Hence, NC says that he had good licence to cut the trees and pasture his animals on the aforesaid hay etc.

Pleading: JB says that the land where the trees were cut and hay consumed was his own free tenement, and not that of NC. JB seeks inquiry upon the country, and NC seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Suffolk to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Upon this NC puts in his place concerning this case, a certain John L.

Postea text: 3 posteas - all say that the sheriff of Suffolk returned that the writ reached him too late, forwarding the case as far as Trinity term 1410.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Nayland < Suffolk < England (initial) 01/10/1403
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Burgeys (m) Clerk Plaintiff
John Leyre (m) Attorney of defendant
Nicholas Crosse (m) London < England Defendant
Robert Horneby (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 135

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Avice S. claims that John L. used force and arms to break her house and carry off good to the value of 100s. The goods taken were namely, one rosary, necklaces, woollen and linen sheets, brass vessels and other household utensils. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: JL says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and AS puts herself likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Postea text: 1 postea - the sheriff did not send the writ, forwarding the case as far as Hilary term 1410.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 31/03/1409
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Avice Syward (f) Plaintiff
John Baldok (m) Surety for defendant
John Lodbroke (m) Barber Defendant
Richard Couper (m) Surety for defendant
Robert Mildenale (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Philip (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Walhull (m) Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 135

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Solomon C. and his wife Agnes C. claim that John D. forcibly assaulted AG in the parish of St Botolph without Aldgate. Damages claimed at 20m.

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms JD says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and SC with AC put themselves likewise. Concerning the remainder of the supposed trespass, JD says that he was AC assaulted him and he simply defended himself, and intended no other injury.

Pleading: AC and SC reiterate their claim that JD assaulted AC etc. and seek inquiry upon the country, and JD seeks likewise. Pledges are named for the defendant. The sheriff is ordered to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Botolph without Aldgate < Portsoken Ward < London < England (initial) 15/04/1409
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Carpenter (f) Plaintiff
John Dygon (m) Butcher Defendant
John Hoo (m) Surety for defendant
John Mordon (m) Surety for defendant
John Sylke (m) Surety for defendant
Ralph Wheler (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Brydlyngton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Solomon Carpenter (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 193d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Adam O. claims that Roger H. unjustly detains one bond, showing that John F and Geoffrey M. are held to AO, David O., and John D. in £100. AO says that he, DO, and JD gave the aforesaid bond to RH for safe keeping, but that RH will not return it. Damages are claimed at £100.

Pleading: RH presents the bond to the court and says that he is prepared to deliver it with the court's decision. However, he says that the aforesaid bond was given to him with the mutual assent of AO and GM, to be returned to AO, GM, or the other only under certain conditions. RH says that he is ignorant as to whether or not the conditions for the bonds return have been met. Therefore, the sheriff is to make GM come to this court in Michaelmas term 1409. Day is also given between the parties in the same term.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff of London returns that GM has nothing (within his bailiwick) etc. It is satisfied in this court that GM has enough (in the sheriff of London's bailiwick) etc. Therefore the sheriff of London is ordered to have GM to the court in Hilary term 1410.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Gregory by St Paul's < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 30/01/1409
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Adam Olton (m) Clerk Plaintiff
David Olton (m) Clerk Other
Geoffrey Massy (m) Wincham < Cheshire < England Other
John Dedwod (m) Other
John Fyton (m) Other
Roger Horton (m) Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 196d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Simon R. claims that John O. owes him £40 per a bond. Damages are claimed at £20. Bond shown in court. Noted that the bond says nothing of where it was made, but SR says it was made at London etc.

Pleading: JO says that the action against him ought not continue because after the making of the bond, on 1 July 1408, at Little Laver, Essex, SR issued him a release from all real and personal actions outstanding between them. [no further pleading recorded]

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Little Laver < Essex < England (initial) 01/07/1408
Bond St Faith under St Paul's < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 07/02/1408
(due) 24/02/1408 < St Mathias
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Olyve (m) Lambourne < Essex < England Defendant
Simon Roughhede (m) Citizen Cutler London < England Plaintiff
un-named (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 199d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: Richard of York claims that on 01/03/1409 he hired William H. to work for him as a minstrel for the three years next following. However, on 20/05/1409 WH left York's service prematurely and without reasonable cause, in breach of the statute of labourers. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: WH says that he was never retained by York to work for the time aforesaid and puts himself upon the country, and York puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Olave Hart Street < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 01/03/1409
(due) 01/03/1412
Breach of Statute England (initial) 20/05/1409
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Savey (m) Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Richard York (m) Plaintiff
Robert Valaunce (m) Devon < England Surety for defendant
William Armeston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Coterell (m) Esquire Surety for defendant
William Honyngton (m) Minstrel Defendant
William Vescy (m) London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Loan; Sale of goods

Pleading: Walter G. claims that John G. owes him 40s arising in part from the sale of cloth which JG bought on two separate occasions for a total of 29s, and a loan of 11s. The cloth was namely: 3 yards of cloth called 'brown sanguine engrained', for 28s on 08/11/1404; and 1/8 yard of engrained sanguine for 12d on 19/11/1404. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: JG says that he does not owe WG the aforesaid 40s nor any other monies and offers his law. And upon this JG makes his law.

Postea text: JG makes his law (same day as pleadings) and so he is without day. WG is I mercy for false claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Swithin London Stone < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 08/11/1404
Loan St Swithin London Stone < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 19/11/1404
Sale of Goods St Swithin London Stone < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 19/11/1404
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Giers (m) Ludlow < Shropshire < England Defendant
Walter Gawtron (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: The abbot of Welbeck claims that Sir. Hugh H. owes him 27m per a bond. Damages are claimed at 20m. Bond shown in court. Noed that the bond says nothing of where it was made, but the abbot says it was made at London etc.

Pleading: HH says that the bond is not of his making and puts himself upon the country, and the abbot puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant. The bond is given to clerk Robert M. for safe keeping.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Botolph without Aldersgate < Aldersgate Ward < London < England (initial) 24/06/1406
(due) 02/02/1407 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
(due) 01/08/1407 < St Peter ad Vincula
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Huse (m) Knight Flintham < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
James Bellers (m) Leicestershire < England Surety for defendant
John Wymbyssh (m) Surety for defendant
John Wyther (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Manfeld (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Clerk
Thomas Curson (m) Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Emlay (m) Surety for defendant
un-named (m) Abbot Welbeck < Nottinghamshire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 202d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Prioress Edith G. of Haliwell claims that John B. owes her £36 as determined by a reckoning of the account between them before auditors Thomas H. and John I. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: JB says that he does not owe prioress EG the aforesaid £36 and puts himself upon the country, and prioress EG puts herself likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Postea text: postea 1 - he case is forwarded until later in Michaelmas term 1409.

Postea text: postea 2 - JB does not come and so is in default. The jury says on oath that JB owes prioress EG £24 3s 4d of the aforesaid £36 claimed. JB is in mercy. Prioress EG is to recover the said £24 3s 4d plus damages of 10s. Concerning the remainder of the supposed £36 debt prioress EG is in mercy for false claim. Upon this prioress EG seeks that the justices increase her award for damages, and she is awarded an additional 30s. She is to recover the debt of £24 3s 4d and a total of 40s damages.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edith Griffith (f) Prioress St John the Baptist At Haliwell [priory] Haliwell < Middlesex < England Plaintiff
John Bray (m) London < England Defendant
John Ireby (m) Auditor
Michael Causton (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Holme (m) Auditor
William Kirkeby (m) Surety for defendant
William Misterton (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Park (m) Surety for defendant
William Spenser (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 271

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Wiltshire
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Thomas B. is in mercy for many defaults. Thomas F. claims that TB used force and arms to break his close at Brunton, where: on 12/01/1405 he felled and removed 40 oak trees and 60 cart-loads of underwood; on 17/08/1405 he reaped removed TF's barley and wheat; on 16/03/1405 he dug and removed 1,000 cart-loads of clay, wrecking the land (terram projectam); and on 27/07/1405 he allowed his beasts to trample and consume TF's wheat, barley, beans, peas, oats, and hay. The total value of the trees, wood, grain, and clay taken was £30. The value of grain and hay trampled and consumed was £10. Damages are claimed at £40.

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms TB says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and TF puts himself likewise. Concerning the felling and removal of the aforesaid trees and underwood on 12/10/1405, TB says that at the that time a certain Matilda B. was seised of the land where the supposed trespass took place as her own free tenement, and that he was only acting as her servant.

Pleading: TF says that the land in question was his own free tenement, which was entered unto with force and arms, and seeks inquiry upon the country, and TB seeks likewise. And, upon this TB seeks the assistance of MB. Therefore, MB is to be brought to this court in Michaelmas term 1409, and day is given between the parties in the same term.

Postea text: 2 posteas - both say that the sheriff returned that the writ reached him too late, forwarding the case to Hilary term 1410.

Postea text: postea 3 - TF and TB come, but MB does not. The sheriff returns that (MB) was summoned. Therefore TB must respond without (her). Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Easter term 1410.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Brunton < Wiltshire < England (initial) 12/01/1405
Destruction of Chattels Brunton < Wiltshire < England (initial) 27/07/1405
Taking of Goods Brunton < Wiltshire < England (initial) 17/08/1405
Taking of Goods Brunton < Wiltshire < England (initial) 16/03/1405
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Duraunt (m) Attorney of defendant
Matilda Blaunchard (f) Other
Thomas Blaunchard (m) Collingbourne < Wiltshire < England Defendant
Thomas Fauconer (m) Citizen London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Stodhagh (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 282

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John C. claims that John B., executor of the will of Edmund, earl of Kent, owes him 40m as the unpaid residue of a 100m bond made between JC and the late earl. This bond was payable in payments of 40m at Christmas 1408, 30m at Easter 1409 and 30m at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1409. JC says it is the 40m which he ought to have been paid in Christmas 1408 that he is seeking. Damages are claimed at 100m

Pleading: JB says that he is not the executor of the will of the late earl EH.

Pleading: JC says that JB administered diverse goods and chattels of the late earl in London, in the parishes of St Helen in Bishopsgate ward and Holy Trinity the Less in Cordwainer Street ward, and seeks inquiry upon the country. JB likewise seeks inquiry. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Cornhill < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 12/07/1408
(due) 07/04/1309 < Easter
(due) 25/12/1408 < Christmas
(due) 24/06/1409 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Holland (m) dec. Earl Admiral of England Kent [earldom] Debtor
John Bache (m) Defendant, Executor
John Chepynhale (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 282d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John C. claims that John B., executor of the will of Edmund H. earl of Kent, owes him 30m as the unpaid residue of a 100m bond made between JC and the late earl EH. This bond was payable in payments of 40m in Christmas 1408 (52/12/1408), 30m in Easter 1409 (07/04/1309), and 30m in the nativity of St John 1409 (24/06/1409). JC says it is the 30m which he ought to have been paid in Easter 1409 that he is seeking. Damages are claimed at 40m.

Pleading: JB says that he is not the executor of the will of the late earl EH.

Pleading: JC says that JB administered diverse goods and chattels of the late earl EH lat London, in the parishes of St Helen in Bishopsgate ward and Holy Trinity the Less in Cordwainer ward, and seeks inquiry upon the country. JB likewise seeks inquiry. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Cornhill < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 12/07/1408
(due) 07/04/1309 < Easter
(due) 24/06/1309 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) 25/12/1408 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Holland (m) dec. Earl, Lord Admiral of England Kent [earldom] Kent < England Debtor
John Bache (m) Esquire Defendant, Executor
John Chepynhale (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 292d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Kent
Writ type: Trespass (other)
Damages claimed: £500
Case type: Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Alice B., widow of William B., is in mercy for many defaults. James B. claims that William A., Thomas L., John P., and John B., demised to AB one messuage, three carucates of land, 20 acres of meadow, 600 acres of pasture, and 300 acres of wood with appurtenances in Knockholt (Kent), the parish of Westerham (Kent), and the parish Otford, Kent, which they themselves lately had out the gift of the late WB. Further, WA, TL, JP, and John B. demised this land to AB for the term of her life, by way of an indenture, so that after AB's death this property would pass to James B. and his legitimate male heirs. AB was not to lay waste to the property whilst in her possession etc. However, AB has laid waist to the aforesaid house and tenement. Namely, AB has allowed diverse houses in the tenement to remain un-roofed so that the roof timbers rotted and certain of them are threatened. The buildings in question are: one hall and two rooms joined to it, worth £20 each; one kitchen, one bakery, and one malt-kiln (torale), worth 20m each; one gate-house, one granary, and one stable, worth 100s each; two granges, one sheep-fold, and one cow-barn, worth £20 each; one dove-cot worth 100s; one room called a 'tailor's place' worth £20; one mill-house with adjoining room, worth 100s; one grange called 'Hethes barn' worth 40s; and one grange called 'Giles barn' worth 60s. James B. also says that AB felled and sold from the wood: 10,000 oak (saplings?) worth 6d each; 100 ash trees worth 2s each; 100 elm trees worth 3s each; 100 beach trees worth 2s each; and 100 'lentiscos' (small trees, probably birch [ from Latham ]) worth 6d each. James B. claims damages of £500, and offers the court the aforesaid indenture, under the names WA, TL, JP, and John B.

Pleading: AB comes and denies that any damage has been done to the aforesaid tenement or wood. She says that the indenture brought forward by James B. was made and sealed by the aforesaid TL and John B. alone, and not together with WA and JP, as James B. as claims. AB seeks judgement on this point.

Pleading: James B. says that he cannot deny that the indenture was made of TL and John B. alone, and seeks licence for (i.e. licence to bring) a better writ, for pleading. And, he has this. The decision is that James B. is to have nothing per his (present) writ, and is in mercy for false claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Westerham, Knockholt, Otford < Kent < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Brampton (f) Widow London < England Defendant
James Brampton (m) Plaintiff
John Broghton (m) Other
John Pynnore (m) Clerk Other
Thomas Lonent (m) Clerk Other
William Askham (m) Citizen London < England Other
William Brampton (m) dec. Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 294

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Detention of goods

Pleading: John S. claims that William A. detains a chest containing certain charters, writings and other muniments. In particular, a charter showing that Thomas B. granted to a certain William S. (Sen) and his wife Matilda S. three messuages and 300 acres of land in Welby. John S. says that WS (Sen) and MS were seised of the aforesaid property and died with issue, namely William S. (Jr.) and Robert S. WS (Jr) was then seised of the property and in possession of the chest and charters. WS (Jr.) then married Julia S. but died without issue, leaving the chest and charters in the possession of Julia S. Julia S. then died, leaving the chest and charters in the possession of her executor chaplain John Peek. Chaplain John Peek then later died, and the chest and charters came into the possession of a certain other John Peek, executor of the will of chaplain John Peek. It was this latter John Peek, executor of the will of chaplain John Peek, that delivered the chest with charters etc. to the defendant WA for safe keeping in London, parish of St Bride, ward of Farringdon Without (date left blank.). The plaintiff John S. says that he should have livery of the aforesaid chest and charters as cousin and heir of WS (Jr.), namely as the son of RS (uncle of WS [Jr.]). John S. says that he has requested the aforesaid chest with charters etc., but that WA will not give it to him. Damages are claimed at £200.

Pleading: [no counterplea entered.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Welby < Leicestershire < England
Safe Keeping St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Peek (m) Executor
John Peek (m) Chaplain Executor
John Somervyle (m) Citizen Saddler Plaintiff
Julia Somervyle (f) Other
Matilda Somervyle (f) dec. Other
Robert Somervyle (m) Other
Thomas Bovyle (m) Other
William Assheby (m) Welby < Leicestershire < England Defendant
William Somervyle jnr (m) dec. Other
William Somervyle snr (m) dec. Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Chaplain Hugh C. claims that Robert C. owes him 40s per a loan. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: RC says that he does not owe HC the aforesaid 40s nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in the octave of St John the Baptist (later in trinity term) 1409. Pledges of law are named.

Postea text: postea 1 - RC makes essoin and so the case is forwarded as far as Michaelmas term 1409.

Postea text: postea 2 - RC does not come and so is in default. HC is to recover the aforesaid debt (40s) and damages (40s). RC and his pledges of law are in mercy. Upon this HC relaxes 20s of the aforesaid damages.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 29/01/1408
(due) 15/04/1408 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Clopton (m) Chaplain Plaintiff
John Flynt (m) Oxfordshire < England Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Bradwall (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Caumpden (m) Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Roger Y. claims that Alexander L. owes him 40s arising from the sale of diverse furs, which AL bought but did not pay for. These furs were namely, 'rigges' of grey, and one rabbit fur. Damages are claimed at 40s.

Pleading: AL says, concerning 37s 8d of the aforesaid 40s, that he does not owe RY this money nor any other money and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges of law are named. The other 2s 4d of the aforesaid 40s. AL presents to the court and says that he has always been prepared to deliver this money.

Pleading: RY says that AL was not always prepared to pay him the aforesaid 2s 4d. And puts himself upon the country, and AL puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Postea text: postea 1 - both parties come, and AL makes his law concerning 37s 8d of the aforesaid 40s. Therefore it is decided that RY is to have nothing per his writ, concerning the aforesaid 37s 8d. RY in in mercy for false claim. AL and his pledges of law are without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 30/04/1407
(due) 24/06/1407 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alexander Lasynby (m) Defendant
John Bonion (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Nicholas Auncell (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Roger Yarom (m) Skinner Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 309d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Abduction

Pleading: John E. claims that his servant, Thomas P., was abducted by John P. with force and arms, so that JE was without TP's service for one year. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: JP says that he is innocent and puts himself upon the country, and JE puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Abduction St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 14/01/1408
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bray (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Edy (m) Plaintiff
John Poghlas (m) Defendant
John Rous (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Pyke (m) Servant Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 371

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Surrey
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Detention of goods

Pleading: Philip S. claims that Nicholas S. detains a bag containing charters, writings, and other muniments. PS says that on 03/02/1404 he delivered the bag and documents to NS for safe keeping at Southwark, Surrey, in the parish of ST Margaret the Virgin, but that NS will not return it. PS says that within the bag was: a charter by which Robert H. had granted to PS's father, Robert S., one messuage called 'Staunore' (also called Stanore) and 200 acres of land in the vill of Chobham, Surrey; a charter by which Margaert H. granted to the same RS 100 acres of land called 'le Lee' in Chobham; a charter by which John Payn granted to the same RS 4 acres of land in Chobham;a charter by which Peter F. granted to the same RS 4 acres of land in Chobham; a charter by which PS (the plaintiff) enfeoffed John D. and John B. with all the lands previously mentioned; a charter by which the same JD and JB re-enfeoffed PS with the same lands; a charter by which PS enfeoffed Thomas B. John C., and NS (the plaintiff) with all lands previously mentioned; A charter by which the same TB, JC, and NS enfeoffed JD with a 100 acre parcel of woodland called 'Staunores Grove'; a charter by which the same JD re-enfeoffed TB, JC, and NS with the same 100 acre parcel of woodland; one indenture by which TB, JC, and NS let at farm to John Pope, for a term of 10 years, the messuage called Stanore and a 100 acre parcel of land, from the tenement and lands above said; another writing by which TB, JC, and NS let at farm to JD, for a term of 10 years, a 100 acres of land called 'le Lee'; and other rentals (rentalibus) and memoranda relating to the aforesaid tenement. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: NS comes and defends. Upon this day is given between the parties in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 03/02/1404
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bere (m) Clerk Other
John Couper (m) Other
John Dob (m) Other
John Payn (m) Other
Margaret Hamme (f) Other
Nicholas Stanore (m) Barber London < England Defendant
Peter Forester (m) Other
Philip Stanore (m) Plaintiff
Robert Hamme (m) Clerk Other
Robert Sewelle (m) Other
Thomas Burcestre (m) Other
un-named (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 371d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (general); Reckoning of account

Pleading: John C. claims that William P., executor of the will of John L., together with co-executors John G., Richard P., Richard O., and John V., owes him £10 12s in unpaid fees pertaining to JC's work as the late JL's attorney in the court of Common Pleas. JC says that it was agreed with JL that he should receive 6s 8d a year plus reasonable costs and expenses surrounding the conduct of JL's business at the common bench, such as: the writing and sealing of writs; the entry of plaints and of warrants of attorney; and the sealing of records; and other related tasks. JC says that he faithfully served JL for six years, within which time JC paid out diverse sums of money in conducting JL's business at the common bench, concerning which a reckoning of account was held in in London before auditors Robert B. and John R. This accounting determined that JL was £10 12s in arrears to JC. Damages are claimed at £20.

Pleading: WP says that he was never JL's executor, nor did he make administration of any of JL's goods or chattels. WP also says that no such accounting took place between JL and JC concerning the aforesaid fees, costs, expenses, and receipts, before the aforesaid auditors, in the form JC has supposed. WP says that since JC has not shown anything particular by which the late JL was obliged to JC in the aforesaid debt except only the above said accounting, which is not sufficient material in law to oblige (onerand') WP or his co-executors, WP seeks judgement.

Pleading: JC says that since WP did not deny the material in his above claims, which material he is prepared to verify if etc., and which verification WP totally (monio') refuses to admit, he (JC) seeks judgement on the debt and damages. Upon this day is given between the parties in Michaelmas term 1409 'because the justices (are) not yet etc.' Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Vedast Foster Lane < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 03/11/1401
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Cokkes (m) Attorney Plaintiff
John Grove (m) Accessory, Executor
John Loterell (m) dec. Knight Debtor
John Muskam (m) Surety for defendant
John Roche (m) Auditor
John Venables (m) Accessory, Executor
Martin Jacob (m) Devon < England Surety for defendant
Richard Otery (m) Accessory, Executor
Richard Popham (m) Accessory, Executor
Robert Bradeford (m) Auditor
Thomas Aunger (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Semyle (m) Surety for defendant
William Poulet (m) Defendant, Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 372

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Ralph S. claims that William H. owes him 8m arising from the sale of 32 casks of beer which WH bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: WH says that he does not owe RS the aforesaid 8m nor any other monies, and offers his law. WH makes his law immediately, and is sent without day. RS amerced for false claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 25/03/1402
(due) 14/05/1402 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
[omitted] [omitted] (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Ralph Spaldyng (m) Citizen Merchant, Woolmonger London < England Plaintiff
William Humburston (m) Clerk Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 437

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Alice B. (widow of William B.), William A., Thomas L., and William R., executors of the will of WB, claim that John H. owes them £19 per a bond made between the late WB and JH, payable in WB's abode at London. Damages are claimed at £20. Bond shown in court, as well as letters testamentary.

Pleading: JH says that on the day after the making of the aforesaid bond WB made with him and sealed and indenture, one part of which JH presents to the court. This indenture says that if JH should pay WB (or his executors) at his London abode: 50s on or within one month of Michaelmas 1406; 50s on or within one month of Easter 1407; and then 50s on or with one month of Michaelmas and Easter each year thereafter until JH has paid £19 in total; then the bond shall be null and void. JH says that he paid WB this 50s within one month of Michaelmas 1406, per the hands of Thomas R. JH also presents to the court a receipt, given by WB on 16/10/1406, acknowledging payment of the first 50s. JH seeks judgement concerning this 50s of the aforesaid £19. Concerning the £16 10s residue of the aforesaid £19, JH says that within one month of Easter 1407, he paid this £16 10s to WB at Dartmouth, Devon, and seeks judgement.

Pleading: Executors AB, WA, TL, and WR say that they are not able to deny the validity of the receipt concerning the 50s payment of Michaelmas 1406, and so are in mercy for false claim concerning this money. Concerning the remaining £16 10s, they say JH did not pay WB this money at Dartmouth, and seek inquiry upon the country. JH similarly seeks inquiry. Order to the sheriff of Devon to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 06/04/1406
(due) 01/11/1406 < All Saints
Release (from Debt/obligation) St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 16/10/1406
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 07/04/1406
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Brampton (f) London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Cole (m) Attorney of defendant
John Hanley jnr (m) Defendant
John Sherthe (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Lonent (m) Clerk Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Russell (m) London < England Other
William Askham (m) Executor, Plaintiff
William Brampton (m) dec. Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Creditor, Testator
William Radewell (m) Stockfishmonger Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 437d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Lord Reginald G. is in mercy for many defaults. Richard R. claims that lord RG owes him 35m per a bond. Damages are claimed at £40. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: RR says that he is not able to deny the said debt, nor the validity of the bond.

Postea text: RG can not deny the debt nor bond and so RR is to recover the aforesaid 35m plus damages of 20s, as determined by the justices. RG is in mercy.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 09/01/1397
(due) 01/05/1397 < SS Philip & James
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Killyngworth (m) Attorney of defendant
Reginald Grey (m) Lord Ruthin [lordship] Ruthin < Wales < England Defendant
Richard Rede (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 438

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Parson Richard Broun claims that Robert Baret, together with John C. chaplain John S., and Thomas S. owes him £40 by way of a certain indenture, sealed by Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS, which Richard Broun presents to the court. In this indenture parson Richard Broun demised to Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS his church of Sandhurst, Kent, with all tithes, as much predial as personal oblations, obventions, or fruits of one year, including the glebe of the church. And, the lessees were to look after the buildings pertaining to the rectory without doing damage in the woods, gardens or to the buildings of the rectory. Hence, Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS were to hold all this at farm for one year, commencing in the feast of St John the Baptist (24/06/1403), in exchange for £40 good and legal money, paid to parson Richard Broun at London in payments of 5m before the Assumption of St Mary 1403 (15/081403), 27m 6s 8d in Easter 1404 (30/03/1404), and 27m 6s 8d in the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1404 (24/06/1404). Moreover Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS were to find, and support all expenses of, a parish chaplain suitable to the service of the parish, as well as wax, bread, and wine for one year. The lessees agreed that: should any of the above said payments fall more than 15 days in arrears, in part or in whole, 'then Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS shall pay parson Richard Broun double in each part'; should the buildings etc. pertaining to the rectory deteriorate, then they must be repaired or reasonable amends made to parson Richard Broun; if it should happen that parson Richard Broun should be moved to another place, or his church should be exchanged, or should he resign or die, that the lessees should still pay him the entire £40 if they receive the sheaves and harvest time tithes, fruits etc. of the rectory; and they must also pay the collectors and gatherers of the tenth of the rectory 6m for their labours, and fully and satisfy their salary as well as that of others with them for the service of parson Richard Broun, as has been agreed. Parson Richard Broun says that though Robert Baret, JC, chaplain JS, and TS held the church of Sandhurst for the year aforesaid, and received all of its incomes, they did not pay him the £40 in agreed rents. Damages are claimed at £100.

Pleading: Robert Baret acknowledges that he JC, chaplain JS, and TS agreed to hold the church of Sandhurst (Kent) at farm from parson Richard Broun in exchange for £40 at the above said terms. He also says that he and his fellow lessees did make the first specified payment, of 5m in the Assumption of St Mary 1403 at Sandhurst (Kent), but that prior to the second payment, due at Easter 1404, himself, JC, chaplain JS, and TS were all ejected from the farm of the rectory by parson Richard Broun.

Pleading: Parson Richard Broun says that Robert Baret and fellow lessees did not make the payment due at the Assumption of St Mary 1403 and seeks inquiry upon the country, and Robert Baret seeks likewise. Parson Richard Broun also says that, regarding the claim of Robert Baret and his fellow lessees that they were ejected from the farm of the said rectory, according to the terms of the indenture even if parson Richard Broun should be moved to a different place, exchange his church, resign or die within the aforesaid year then the lessees were still obliged to pay him the full £40 if they received the sheaves and harvest time tithes for that year. Parson Richard Broun says that lessee JC received these sheaves and tithes and so seeks judgement.

Pleading: Robert Baret reiterates his claim that he and his fellow lessees were ejected from the farm of the rectory by parson Richard Broun himself, and says that JC did not receive the sheaves and tithes of the rectory. RB puts himself upon the country and parson Richard Broun puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of Kent to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Thomas the Apostle < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 20/06/1403
(due) 15/08/1403 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Assumption of
(due) 30/03/1404 < Easter
(due) 24/06/1404 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Location of Property Sandhurst < Kent < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Carsalake (m) Accessory
John Schepey (m) Chaplain Accessory
John Sherthe (m) Surety for defendant
John Sprot (m) Kent < England Surety for defendant
Richard Broun (m) Master Parson Sandhurst < Kent < England Plaintiff
Robert Baret (m) Hawkhurst < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Champyon (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Horden (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Seeceley (m) Accessory
William Wawan (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 440

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard G. claims that John H. (Jr), administrator of the goods and chattels of John H. (Sen.) who died intestate, owes him £200 per a bond made between RG and the late John H. (Sen.). Damages are claimed at £100. Bond shown in court.

Pleading: [No counterplea in entered]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Edmund the King and Martyr < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 12/12/1406
(due) 02/02/1409 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hauley jnr (m) Administrator, Defendant
John Hawle snr (m) Dartmouth < Devon < England Defendant
Richard Gerner (m) Piedmont < Foreign < Italy Plaintiff
un-named (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 440d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Costs: 13s 4d
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas C. claims that Joan D. owes him 58s arising from the sale of 120 rabbits, 20 capons, quail (cursewes), teals, and small birds (parvas volucres) which JD bought but did not pay for. Damages are claimed at 100s.

Pleading: JD says that she does not owe TC the aforesaid 58s nor any other monies and puts herself upon the country, and TC puts himself likewise. Pledges are named for the defendant. Upon this TC puts in his place William M.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance between the parties until Martinmas in 15 days 1409 (later in Michaelmas term 1409) unless the case is first heard at the assize of St Martin le Grand before justice Robert Hulle on 19/11/1409.

Postea text: postea 2 - the case is heard at the assize of St Martin le Grand before justice Robert Hulle and associate justice Ralph Hille on 19/11/1409. A jury says on oath that JD owes TC 58s just as was claimed. Therefore, TC is to recover the aforesaid 58s plus 6s 8d damages and 13s 4d costs. JD is in mercy.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 24/12/1403
(due) 30/03/1404 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Joan Dene (f) Poulterer Defendant
John Parkere (m) Huntingdonshire < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Hille (m) Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
Robert Hogge (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Hulle (m) Justice Justice St Martin Le Grand, Assize [court] Justice
Roger Poghden (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Chirche (m) Plaintiff
Walter Strete (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Mullysworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 456d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: Hampshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John, prior of the Benedictine house of 'St Mark at Dalton' amerced for many defaults. John Brian, Robert Whytyngham, John Multon, and William Knyght, executors of the will of William Leddrede, state that prior John owes them £100 on a bond made between prior John's predecessor, prior Nicholas, and the late WL, payable in the church of St Mary Woolchurch in London. Damages claimed at £200. Bond shown in court. Noted that the bond does not state where it was made, but the plaintiffs say it was made in the parish of St Mary Woolchurch in London.

Pleading: Prior John, not acknowledging that the aforesaid bond was made by the late prior and convent in the place claimed by the executors, states that the house of their order is located in Warwickshire and the monks of the house, according to the rule of the order, are cloistered there. The prior says that he is prepared to verify this, and that the prior and convent cannot have made anything anywhere other than in their house, and he seeks judgment.

Case notes: This entry appears to be a confusing counterpart to the entry on rot 457d, where the same plaintiffs bring the same case against the prior of St Anne's, Coventry. The Benedictine priory of 'St Mark at Dalton' cannot be identified, and is probably an error, as the defence, claiming that the monks were unable to leave their house, would suggest a Carthusian house rather than a Benedictine one. However, there is no sign of an earlier prior Nicholas at St Anne's, Coventry.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Woolchurch < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 02/09/1401
(due) 26/03/1402 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John [un-named] (m) Prior 'st Mark's Priory, Dalton' [priory] 'Dalton' < Warwickshire < England Defendant
John Brian (m) Esquire Horsley < Surrey < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Multon (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Vescy (m) Attorney of defendant
John Yerburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas [un-named] (m) Prior 'st Mark's Priory, Dalton' [priory] Dalton < Warwickshire < England Other
Robert Whytyngham (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Knyght (m) Citizen Fellmonger London < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Leddrede (m) dec. Citizen Skinner London < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 457d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William, prior of the Carthusian house of St Anne, Coventry, amerced for many defaults. John Brian, Robert Whytyngham, John Multon and William Knyght, executors of the will of William Leddrede, state that prior William owes them £100 on a bond made between prior William's predecessor, prior Nicholas, and the late WL, on 2 September 1401, payable in the church of St Mary Woolchurch, London, at Easter 1402. Damages claimed at £200. Bond shown in court. Bond does not show where it was made, but the plaintiffs say it was made in the parish of St Mary Woolchurch in London.

Pleading: Prior William defends. Day given at the octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: See also related case on CP 40/594, rot 456d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Woolchurch < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 02/09/1401
(due) 26/03/1402 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Brian (m) Esquire Horsley < Surrey < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Multon (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Vescy (m) Attorney of defendant
John Yerburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas [un-named] (m) Prior St Anne's Priory, Coventry [priory] Coventry < Warwickshire < England Other
Robert Whytyngham (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Knyght (m) Citizen Fellmonger London < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Leddrede (m) dec. Citizen Skinner Testator
William Sowylond (m) Prior St Anne's Priory, Coventry [priory] Coventry < Warwickshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 459

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment; Sale of goods

Pleading: Richard H. claims that Richard T. owes him 111s 8d arising from the sale of one fur 'de pontes' for 33s 4d, a bond of 25s, and two bonds of 26s 8d each. Damages are claimed at £20. The bonds, worth a total of 7s 4d, are shown to the court.

Pleading: RT says that he does not owe RH at aforesaid 33s 4d (arising from the sale of one fur) and puts himself upon the country, and RH puts himself likewise. RT also says that the force of the three bonds ought not hold because at the time of their making he was imprisoned by RH and other of his coven At Southwark, Surrey.

Pleading: RH says that RT was a free man at the time of the bonds' making and seeks inquiry upon the country, and RT seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff of Surrey to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Lombard Street < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/05/1408
(due) 25/12/1408 < Christmas
Bond All Hallows Lombard Street < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/05/1408
(due) 24/06/1408 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Bond All Hallows Lombard Street < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/05/1408
(due) 29/09/1408 < Michaelmas
Imprisonment Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 31/05/1408
Sale of Goods All Hallows Lombard Street < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 31/05/1408
(due) 25/12/1408 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bestall (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Hanneworth (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
Richard Tyler (m) Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John P. claims that William L. owes him £10 12s as determined by a reckoning of the account between them before auditors John R. and Richard H. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: WL says that he does not owe JP the aforesaid £10 12s nor any other monies and offers his law.

Postea text: WL makes his law (same day as pleadings), and so is without day. JP is in mercy for false claim.

Case notes: Related to following case CP40/594 rot.478

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 07/06/1406
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Petipas (m) Plaintiff
John Rabbe (m) Auditor
Richard Hayne (m) Auditor
William Ledes (m) Partney < Lincolnshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John P. claims that William L. owes him £17 as determined by a reckoning of the account between them before auditors John R. and Richard H. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: WL says that he does not owe JP the aforesaid £17 nor any other monies and offers his law.

Postea text: WL makes his law (same day as pleadings), and so is without day. JP is in mercy for false claim.

Case notes: Related to previous case CP40/594 rot.478

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 11/01/1406
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Petypas (m) Plaintiff
John Rabbe (m) Auditor
Richard Hayne (m) Auditor
William Ledes (m) Partney < Lincolnshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 8m
Case type: Contract (marriage)

Pleading: Thomas W., son of John W., claims that he and William S. made an agreement on 02/11/1403 whereby TW would take as his wife Isabel S., daughter of WS's wife Alice, and WS would pay TW 8m 6s 8d. TW says that he took IS as his wife, but that WS never paid him the 8m 6s 8d. Damages are claimed at 8m.

Pleading: WS says that he does not owe TW the aforesaid 8m 6s 8d nor any other monies and offers his law, to be made in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges of law are named. It is decided that WS's attorney, Nicholas H., is to have his master to the court for make his law in the aforesaid term.

Events
Type Place Date
Marriage Agreement St Botolph without Bishopsgate < Bishopsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 02/11/1403
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Shortwade (f) Other
Isabel Shortwade (f) Other
John Grene (m) Essex < England Surety of law (compurgator)
John Ware (m) Other
Nicholas Hywysh (m) Attorney of defendant, Surety for defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Ware (m) Plaintiff
William Shortewade (m) Sawston < Cambridgeshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William C. claims that Alice B., widow and executor of John B., owes him £11 3s 4d per four bonds made between the late JB and WC. Three of these bonds were made on 15/12/1404, each being worth 5m. The forth bond was made on 01/03/1407, and worth 23s 4d. Damages are claimed at £10. Bonds shown in court. Noted that the bonds do not say where they were made, but WC says they were all made at London etc.

Pleading: AB says that the action against her ought not continue, because on the day of the making of the original writ she had already made full administration of the goods and chattels of JB.

Pleading: WC says that his action should not be precluded, because when the original writ was made, on 24/09/1401408, AB had sufficient goods of the late JB to satisfy the debt, namely at London in the parish of St Alphage, Cripplegate ward. WC seeks inquiry and AB seeks likewise. Order to the sheriff to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Postea text: postea 1 - the sheriff did not send the writ, and so the case is forwarded as far as Hilary term 1410.

Postea text: postea 2 - continuance between the parties as far as Trinity term 1410, so that a jury may be placed.

Postea text: postea 3 - AB does not come and so is in default. The case is respited as far as Michaelmas term 1410 so that a jury may be taken against AB for default.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Alphage London Wall < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 15/12/1404
(due) 06/10/1405 (octave) < Michaelmas
Bond St Alphage London Wall < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 01/03/1407
(due) 22/05/1407 < Trinity
Bond St Alphage London Wall < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 15/12/1404
(due) 25/12/1405 < Christmas
Bond St Alphage London Wall < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 15/12/1404
(due) 24/06/1405 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Borard (f) Widow Southampton < Hampshire < England Defendant, Executor
John Borard (m) dec. Southampton < Hampshire < England Debtor
John Compton (m) Surety for defendant
Richard Edmund (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Carpenter (m) Hampshire < England Surety for defendant
William Colyn (m) London < England Plaintiff
William Merbury (m) Gloucestershire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 478d

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Water R. claims that John M. owes him 10m on a bond. Damages are claimed at 10m. Bond shown in court. Noted that the bond says nothing of where it was made but WR says it was made in London (parish and ward left blank).

Pleading: JM says that the bond is not of his making and puts himself upon the country, and WR puts himself likewise. Order to the sheriff of London to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409. The bond is put into the safe keeping of clerk Robert M. Pledges are named for the defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 03/04/1407
(due) 24/06/1407 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Seymour (m) Lincolnshire < England Surety for defendant
John Michell (m) Wainfleet < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
Robert Dufeld (m) Surety for defendant
Robert Manfeld (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
Thomas Burkwod (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Gene (m) Surety for defendant
Walter Randson (m) Wainfleet < Lincolnshire < England Plaintiff
William Kirkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/594, rot. 499

Term: Trinity 1409
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Abduction; Arbitration; Taking of goods

Pleading: Richard H. claims that Richard K., Richard C, Richard P., and John B., used force and arms to seize and carry off his goods to the value of 40s, as well as abduct his servant Lucy J. so that he was without her service from 14/06/1408 until 11/11/1408. The goods taken were namely: woollen and linen sheets, copper and brass vessels, and other household utensils. Damages are claimed at £10.

Pleading: Concerning the use of force and arms RK, RC, RP, and JB say that they are innocent and put themselves upon the country, and RH puts himself likewise. Concerning the taking of goods and abduction of LJ, the defendants say that they and RH underwent arbitration on 16/06/1409 at Marden ('Merdon'), Sussex. The defendants, claim that with the mutual assent of themselves and RH their dispute was put before arbitrators Peter N. and Nicholas F., who decided that RH should bring LJ to (Thomas F.) the earl of Arundel and that he ought to give RK, RC, RP, and JB one gallon of wine.

Pleading: RH says that he never submitted to arbitration of PN and NF and seeks inquiry upon the country, and the defendants seek likewise. Order to the sheriff of Sussex to make a jury come in Michaelmas term 1409.

Postea text: postea 1 - continuance between the parties as far as Trinity term 1411.

Postea text: postea 2 -Plaintiff RH comes, but defendants RK, RC, RP, and JB do not. Therefore a jury is to be taken against the defendants for default. The case is placed in respite so that a jury may be placed. Case forwarded as far as Michaelmas term 1411.

Events
Type Place Date
Arbitration Marden < Sussex < England (initial) 16/06/1409
Abduction
Taking of Goods
St Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 14/06/1408
(due) 11/11/1408 < Martinmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Barbour (m) Collier Defendant
Lucy Janeman (f) Servant Other
Nicholas Forester (m) Arbitrator
Peter North (m) Arbitrator
Richard Clement (m) East Marden < Sussex < England Defendant
Richard Halle (m) Citizen Barber London < England Plaintiff
Richard Kyng (m) East Marden < Sussex < England Defendant
Richard Paynell (m) East Marden < Sussex < England Defendant
Robert Valaunce (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas FitzAlan (m) Earl Arundel [earldom] Other