CP40/737
Easter term 1445

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/737: Easter term 1445', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118104 Date accessed: 23 July 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 058
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 102
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 102d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 103
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 105
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 106
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 106d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 108
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 109
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 116
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 118
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 118d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 119
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 121
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 121
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 125
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 125d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 127
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 127d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 128d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 130
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 136
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 136d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 138
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 145
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 145d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 214
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 303d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 303d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 304
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 304d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 305d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 312
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 313
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 314
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 314d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 315
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 315d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 317d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 318
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 319d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 322
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 324
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 329
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 333d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 335d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 377
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 377
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 402
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 402d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 407
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 409d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 414d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 438d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 456
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 456d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 464
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 464d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 466

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 058

Term: Easter 1445
County: Essex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Rigges states that on 3 August 1442 Matthew Crakebone made bond with him in £14 7s 9d, paying £7 7s 9d at Michaelmas next, and the remaining £7 at All Saints. However, MC has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: MC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Maldon < Essex < England (initial) 03/08/1442
(due) 29/09/1442 < Michaelmas
(due) 01/11/1442 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bury (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Rigges (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Matthew Crakebone (m) Dyer Thaxted < Essex < England Defendant
Richard Skylfull (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 102

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £1000
Case type: Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: Stephen Hebbe, citing the terms of the Statute of Labourers, states that on 5 November 1431 he retained John Byllyngdon to serve him as a butler ('pincerne') and chamberlain for four years, but within that term, on 15 December 1434 he left his service without reasonable cause or permission, in contempt of the king, against the form of the ordinance and to his damage of £1000.

Pleading: JB states that he was never retained by SH to serve him in the office and for the period he claims. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of London to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1446.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 05/11/1431
(due) 05/11/1435
Breach of Statute
Service/employment Contract
England (initial) 15/12/1434
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Byllyngdon (m) Grocer London < England Defendant
Stephen Hebbe (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 102d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: John Radeclyff states that on 7 December 1444 Thomas Brabayn and his wife Isabel forcibly took and carried off from Westminster various goods of his, namely one beaver fur, one blue gown and one black hood worth 40s, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: TB and IB deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed by JR. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 07/12/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Isabel Brabayn (f) London < England Defendant
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Chydewell (m) Plumber London < England Surety for defendant
John Radeclyff (m) Plaintiff
Richard Fereby (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Brabayn (m) Carpenter London < England Defendant
Thomas Lynne (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant
William Chykwell (m) Barber London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 103

Term: Easter 1445
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Assault; Taking of goods

Pleading: Richard Cok states that on 1 June 1444 Henry Russell forcibly assaulted him at Islington, and took goods and chattels from him, namely two gold rings, one of which contained an emerald, worth 10m. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: HR denies responsibility for this trespass, as alleged. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Taking of Goods
Islington < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/06/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Whetley (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Russell (m) Porter London < England Defendant
John Heyne (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Cok (m) Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) London < England Attorney of defendant, Surety for defendant
Thomas Rolfe (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Verdon (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 105

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Fauconer states that on 20 October 1432 Geoffrey Cook made bond with him and a certain William Rokesburgh, now deceased, in 10m, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: GC states that JF ought not maintain his case, since at Sudborough on 31 May 1433, JF, as JF of Whittlesford, clerk, by a document which he shows in court, released and quitclaimed both him and a certain John Missynden from all personal actions pending between them before that date.

Pleading: JF states that his action should continue, as that release was not of his making. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Northamptonshire to have jury of Sudborough here at Easter five weeks. Document to remain in custody of Henry Fylongley for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Document delivered to William Aston, justice of assize in Northamptonshire. Fylongley quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Sudborough < Northamptonshire < England (initial) 31/05/1433
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 20/10/1432
(due) 24/06/1433 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Geoffrey Cook (m) Chaplain Glendon < Northamptonshire < England Defendant
Henry Fylongley (m) Official
John Fauconer (m) Clerk Whittlesford < Cambridgeshire < England Plaintiff
John Missynden snr (m) Other
Richard Pyttys (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Cook (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Aston (m) Justice
William Rokesburgh (m) dec. Creditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 106

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Hunte states that on 10 October 1444 William Miller forcibly took goods belonging to him, namely four entire woollen cloths, each of 30 yards, worth £20. This was against the peace, and to his damage of £40.

Pleading: WM denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at [omitted].

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 10/10/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hunte (m) Plaintiff
William Miller (m) Dyer Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 106d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking

Pleading: William Okeborn states that on 10 October 1443 William May forcibly broke into his house in London [parish and ward omitted], against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: WM denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at [omitted].

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking London < England (initial) 10/10/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William May (m) Turner London < England Defendant
William Okeborn (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 108

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Derby states that on 13 May 1441, Matilda, now wife of Odo Vyvyan and formerly wife of Thomas Kendale, when she was a single woman, made bond with him in £60, payable at All Saints' next, but neither Matilda while single, nor OV after their marriage have paid this debt, to his damage of £100. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: OV and MV state that in Cornwall there are places called 'Trenhellick Magna' and 'Trenhellick Parva', but nowhere just called 'Trenhellick', as stated in the original writ. They are prepared to verify this, and seek judgment on the original writ.

Pleading: JD states that his writ should stand, as there is a place in Cornwall just called 'Trenhellick', as the writ states. Parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Cornwall to have jury of the country here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 13/05/1441
(due) 01/11/1441 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Derby (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Matilda Vyvyan (f) Trenhellick < Cornwall < England Defendant
Odo Vyvyan (m) Gentleman Trenhellick < Cornwall < England Defendant
Ralph Trewyk (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Kendale (m) dec. Lostwithiel < Cornwall < England Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 109

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Richard Loret and Richard Glaswas of Hereford state that on 27 August 1443 Thomas Kyrkeby made bond with them in £12, but has not paid this, to their damage of 100s. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TK states that he ought not owe this debt, since the bond was made under the condition that if TK should pay to Thomas Gybbes and John Wilbram, citizens and grocers of London, £6 13s 4d around the feast of All Saints next, then the bond shall have no effect. However, he is a lay man and illiterate, and the bond was read to him in English, including this condition, and he sealed it believing that the bond contained this condition. And since the bond does not now contain this condition, he states that this bond was not of his making. Parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at Easter five weeks.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 27/08/1443
(due) 24/08/1444 < St Bartholomew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Wilbram (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Other
Richard Glaswas (m) Hereford < Herefordshire < England Plaintiff
Richard Loret (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Gybbes (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Other
Thomas Kyrkeby alias Thomas Kirkeby (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Defendant
William Brayn (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 116

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 5s
Costs: 55s
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods

Pleading: The chaplains of the chantry of St Anne and St Thomas Martyr in the churchyard of St Paul's Cathedral, called 'Pardonchurchehawe', state that on 26 March 1445 John Tesdale forcibly broke into their house in London and took timber, namely posts, rafters ('trabes'), puncheons and planks ('tabulas') worth 100s, against the peace and to their damage of £10.

Pleading: JT denies force and arms. Both parties place themselves on the country. Concerning the rest, he states that the case should not be maintained, as at Christmas 1442 the chaplains demised to him a messuage with appurtenances in St Martin Ludgate, of which this house is a parcel, to hold from 25 March 1443 for one year, and then for a further seven years, at an annual rent of 6m. Thus at the time of the alleged trespass he was in possession of this house, and entered it and took the timber for use in repairing the house, as he had right to do.

Pleading: The chaplains state that their case should continue, as they made this agreement for one year, and not for the further seven years, as claimed by JT.

Pleading: JT repeats that the property was demised to him for one year, and then for a further seven years, as he claimed. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1445 nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton, chief justice of the Bench, at St Martin le Grand on 2 July 1445. Chaplains come, RN sends record that on that day, before him and John Thornton, parties came, jurors came, said that the chaplains did not demise this property to JT for one year and a further seven years. Damages assigned to the chaplains at 5s, and costs of 15s. Ordered that the chaplains recover this 20s as assigned, and a further 40s in costs assigned by the justices. JT committed to the Fleet.

Postea text: Chaplains acknowledge satisfaction of this debt. JT quit. JT makes fine with the king, in 6s 8d. Pledges named. JT quit from prison.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 25/12/1442
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 26/03/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Chaplains of Pardonchurchehawe [un-named] (m) Chaplain St Anne and St Thomas Martyr, Next St Paul's [chantry] London < England Plaintiff
John Cunnesley (m) Saddler London < England Surety for defendant
John Tesdale (m) Saddler London < England Defendant
John Thornton (m) Justice
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Staynford (m) Gentleman London < England Attorney of defendant, Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 118

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: John Pedewell, Richard Mayn and Edith his wife, formerly widow of Richard Pedewell, state that on 29 January 1440 Henry Selwode made bond with John Pedewell and Edith, then a widow, in £26 13s 4d, but has not paid, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: HS asks to hear the bond and conditions, and these are read in court, the condition being that the bond shall be cancelled if HS pay to John Derker of Middelburg in Zeeland £11 14s of money current in Zeeland for one 'corf' of blue Cologne thread which Richard Pedewell had bought from JD, and if HS make sufficient account with JD for another 'corf' of white Cologne thread received by RP from JD and make the necessary payment, such that JP and EM and the administrators of RP should remain safe from JD and his heirs and executors. This being heard and understood, he states that he paid JD this £11 14s due to JD at the feast of St John the Baptist, and also accounted with JD for the other 'corf' of white thread received by RP, and was found to be in arrears to JD by 12d, which he duly paid to JD before that feast.

Pleading: JP, RN and EN state that HS did not pay JD the £11 14s which JD ought to have been paid at the feast of St John the Baptist aforesaid, as specified in the condition to the bond.

Pleading: HS states that he did pay this £11 14s to JD as required, namely at Wells in Somerset. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of Somerset to have jury of Wells here at octave of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to Michaelmas one month.

Case notes: Identical cases, different defendants, on rot 118d and rot 119.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 29/01/1440
(due) 24/06/1440 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edith Pedewell alias Edith Mayn (f) Plaintiff
Henry Selwode (m) Burgess Brewer Wells < Somerset < England Defendant
John Derker (m) Merchant Middelburg < Foreign < Netherlands Creditor
John Pedewell (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Richard Mayn (m) Plaintiff
Richard Pedewell (m) dec. Wells < Somerset < England Other
Richard Rouceter (m) Attorney of defendant
William Sharp (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 118d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: John Pedewell, Richard Mayn and Edith his wife, formerly widow of Richard Pedewell, state that on 29 January 1440 Stephen Merston made bond with John Pedewell and Edith, then a widow, in £26 13s 4d, but has not paid, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: SM asks to hear the bond and conditions, and these are read in court, the condition being that the bond shall be cancelled if Henry [Selwode] pay to John Derker of Middelburg in Zeeland £11 14s of money current in Zeeland for one 'corf' of blue Cologne thread which Richard Pedewell had bought from JD, and if Henry make sufficient account with JD for another 'corf' of white Cologne thread received by RP from JD and make the necessary payment, such that JP and EM and the administrators of RP should remain safe from JD and his heirs and executors. This being heard and understood, SM states that HS paid JD this £11 14s due to JD at the feast of St John the Baptist, and also accounted with JD for the other 'corf' of white thread received by RP, and was found to be in arrears to JD by 12d, which he duly paid to JD before that feast.

Pleading: JP, RN and EN state that HS did not pay JD the £11 14s which JD ought to have been paid at the feast of St John the Baptist aforesaid, as specified in the condition to the bond.

Pleading: SM states that HS did pay this £11 14s to JD as required, namely at Wells in Somerset. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of Somerset to have jury of Wells here at the quindene of Trinity.

Case notes: Identical cases, different defendants, on rot 118 and rot 119.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 29/01/1440
(due) 24/06/1440 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edith Pedewell alias Edith Mayn (f) Plaintiff
Henry Selwode (m) Burgess Brewer Wells < Somerset < England Other
John Derker (m) Merchant Middelburg < Foreign < Netherlands Creditor
John Pedewell (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Richard Mayn (m) Plaintiff
Richard Pedewell (m) dec. Wells < Somerset < England Plaintiff
Richard Roucetre (m) Attorney of defendant
Stephen Merston (m) Burgess Weaver Wells < Somerset < England Defendant
William Sharp (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 119

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: John Pedewell, Richard Mayn and Edith his wife, formerly widow of Richard Pedewell, state that on 29 January 1440 Thomas Sholere made bond with John Pedewell and Edith, then a widow, in £26 13s 4d, but has not paid, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: TS asks to hear the bond and conditions, and these are read in court, the condition being that the bond shall be cancelled if Henry [Selwode] pay to John Derker of Middelburg in Zeeland £11 14s of money current in Zeeland for one 'corf' of blue Cologne thread which Richard Pedewell had bought from JD, and if Henry make sufficient account with JD for another 'corf' of white Cologne thread received by RP from JD and make the necessary payment, such that JP and EM and the administrators of RP should remain safe from JD and his heirs and executors. This being heard and understood, TS states that HS paid JD this £11 14s due to JD at the feast of St John the Baptist, and also accounted with JD for the other 'corf' of white thread received by RP, and was found to be in arrears to JD by 12d, which he duly paid to JD before that feast.

Pleading: JP, RN and EN state that HS did not pay JD the £11 14s which JD ought to have been paid at the feast of St John the Baptist aforesaid, as specified in the condition to the bond.

Pleading: TS states that HS did pay this £11 14s to JD as required, namely at Wells in Somerset. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of Somerset to have jury of Wells here at the quindene of Trinity.

Case notes: Identical cases, different defendants, on rot 118 and rot 118d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 29/01/1440
(due) 24/06/1440 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edith Pedewell alias Edith Mayn (f) Plaintiff
Henry Selwoode (m) Burgess Brewer Wells < Somerset < England Other
John Derker (m) Merchant Middelburg < Foreign < Netherlands Creditor
John Pedewell (m) Clerk Plaintiff
Richard Mayn (m) Plaintiff
Richard Pedewell (m) dec. Wells < Somerset < England Other
Richard Rooucetre (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Sholere (m) Burgess Tanner Wells < Somerset < England Defendant
William Sharp (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 121

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Derham states that on 1 May 1444 Richard Fylpot borrowed £10 from him, to be re-paid on request, but he has not done so, to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: RF states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. He asks to make his law immediately; this is permitted, and he does so. JD amerced for false claim. RF sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 01/05/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Derham (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Fylpot (m) Chapman Taunton < Somerset < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 121

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Nyche states that on 13 September 1444 John Shaket forcibly assaulted him in London, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JS denies responsibility for this trespass as alleged. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Michaelmas 1445.

Postea text: TN came, JS did not come, in default. Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1446. Take the mainpernors.

Postea text: TN came, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1446.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Margaret Lothbury < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 13/09/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Andrew Taslar (m) Gentleman Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant
John Salman (m) Mercer London < England Surety for defendant
John Shaket (m) Carrier (lately of) Colchester < Essex < England Defendant
Thomas Nyche (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Rede (m) Fuller Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Tynte (m) Gentleman Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 125

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Wartyr, by attorney [name omitted], states that on 4 October 1433 William Derby made bond with him in £8, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WD states asks to hear the bond, and this is read [transcribed in full]. This states that WD and a certain Martin de Morillon were bound to WW as he claimed. However, having heard this, he says that he should not owe this debt, since on 1 February 1436, by a document which he shows in court, WW released and quitclaimed Morillon from all actions and demands against him made before that date.

Pleading: WW states that this release was not of his making. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Lincolnshire to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Release to remain in custody of Henry Fylongley, chief king's clerk, for safe-keeping.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Boston < Lincolnshire < England (initial) 01/02/1436
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 04/10/1433
(due) 01/11/1433 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
Martin Morillon (m) 'Morillon' < Foreign < France Debtor
Thomas Folkyngham (m) Attorney of defendant
William Derby (m) Knight Benington < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
William Wartyr (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 125d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Robert Hoton and John Selby state that on 6 December 1439 they delivered to Thomas Basset in the church of St Thomas of Acon, London, a certain sealed chest containing various charters and other documents for safe-keeping, to be returned on request. However, he has refused to return it, to their damage of £40.

Pleading: TB states that he has always been prepared to return the chest, and offers to do so in court. Order that they recover the chest in court, and they do so. TB quit, but not amerced, as he came on the first day.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Thomas of Acon < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 06/12/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Selby (m) Plaintiff
Robert Hoton (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Basset (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 127

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Burton and John Stokton, mercers of London, state that on 10 May 1436 John Vele, now deceased, accounted with them before Thomas Covlard and William Bernewey, auditors, for various sums received by JV for them, and was found to be in arrears by £6 3s 11d. However, neither JV in his lifetime, nor his executor Abraham Vele after his death, have paid this, to their damage of 40s.

Pleading: AV granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of plaintiffs.

Case notes: See also CP 40/738 rot 124d

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 10/05/1436
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
(m) Attorney of defendant
Abraham Vele (m) Parson (lately of) Wicken Bonhunt < Essex < England Defendant, Executor
John Burton (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Stokton (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Vele (m) dec. Testator
Nicholas Sleyworth (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Covlard (m) Auditor
William Bernewey (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 127d

Term: Easter 1445
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Safe keeping

Pleading: Thomas Basset was summoned to answer John Heywode on a plea that he deliver a certain chest containing various documents which he unjustly detains. JH states that a certain John Selby was seised in his demesne as of fee of a messuage, 103 acres of land, five acres of meadow and two acres of woodland in North Mimms in Hertfordshire, and also had possession of a chest containing various documents relating to that property. On 10 May 1438, at Westminster, he delivered this sealed chest to TB for safe-keeping, to be returned to JS or whoever he may sell the property to in the meantime. Later, at the feast of the relics (16 July at Westminster) 1439, at Westminster, he sold this property to JH, by which it seemed to JH that he ought to have delivery of the chest. However, TB has refused to deliver it, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: TB states that he does not detain this chest and documents from JH, or any part of them. He offers to make his law, and this is done. JH to take nothing for writ, but is amerced for false claim. TB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Property Transfer Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 16/07/1439
Location of Property North Mymms < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 16/07/1439
Safe Keeping Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 10/05/1438
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Heywode (m) Plaintiff
John Selby (m) Other
Thomas Basset (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 128d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Lok states that on 1 July 1444 William Thorn made bond with him in £46 16s. WT has paid £6 16s of this, but has not paid the remaining £40, to his damage of 40m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WT granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity, with assent of plaintiff.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas 1445, with assent.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 01/07/1444
(due) 01/08/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hawe (m) Attorney of defendant
John Lok (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Thorn (m) Mercer Norwich < Norfolk < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 130

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Katherine, widow and executor of Simon Felbryg, and John Baker, co-executor, were summoned to answer John Spenser on plea that they, with Oliver Groose and John Damme, further co-executors, render to him £11 16s which they unjustly detain. John Spenser states that on 6 June 1421 Simon Felbryg made bond with him in £8 16s, and also, on the same day demised a house in St Giles Cripplegate to him for three years, at an annual rent of 20s, which SF then held for that term. However, neither SF nor his executors have paid this bond or the rent, to a total of £11 16s, and to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: KF and JB come by attorney and defend force and injury, etc. [no further details recorded].

Case notes: See also CP 40/736 rot 465 (2 cases)

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 06/06/1421
Bond St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 06/06/1421
(due) 29/09/1422 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
James Gresham (m) Attorney of defendant
John Baker (m) Clerk Felbrigg < Norfolk < England Defendant, Executor
John Damme (m) Gentleman Sustead < Norfolk < England Executor
John Spenser (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Plaintiff
Katherine Felbryg (f) Widow (lately of) Norwich < Norfolk < England Defendant, Executor
Oliver Groose (m) Esquire Sloley < Norfolk < England Executor
Simon Felbryg (m) dec. Knight (lately of) Norfolk < England Testator
William Snayth (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 136

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Abduction

Pleading: Robert Canon states that in London on 25 October 1444 Thomas Milton and his wife Katherine, together with John Shirwynd, forcibly abducted his servant, Emma Canon, as a result of which he was deprived of her service for six weeks. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: TM and KM deny responsibility for this trespass as claimed by RC. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Pleading: [Further mesne process follows, relating to same charge against John Shirwynd, who did not come. Sheriff to take him. Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to same term.]

Events
Type Place Date
Abduction St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 25/10/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Emma Canon (f) Servant Other
John Horn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Shirwynd (m) Husbandman Hayes < Middlesex < England Accessory
Katherine Milton (f) London < England Defendant
Nicholas Sleyworth (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Canon (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Milton (m) Barber London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 136d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Thomas Canynges states that on 10 February 1442 Nicholas Wolvey made four separate bonds with him, each in £7 10s and totalling £30, but has not paid any of them, to his damage of £10. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: NW states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by TC and his associates in Southwark, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: TC denies this, stating that at the time of the bond NW was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Surrey to have jury of Southwark here at the quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1442
(due) 29/09/1444 < Michaelmas
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1442
(due) 29/09/1444 < Michaelmas
Imprisonment Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 10/02/1442
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1442
(due) 29/09/1443 < Michaelmas
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1442
(due) 29/09/1443 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Tanfeld (m) Attorney of defendant
Nicholas Wolvey (m) Citizen Mercer (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Canynges (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 138

Term: Easter 1445
County: Devon
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Assault

Pleading: John Palmer states that at Exeter on 29 July 1443 Thomas Tregodek ambushed him, intending to kill him, and assaulted and wounded him, against the peace and to his damage of £100.

Pleading: TT denies responsibility for this trespass. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault Exeter < Devon < England (initial) 29/07/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Palmer (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Mayer (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Tregodek (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 145

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Mershford, administrator of the goods of John Foweler, deceased, states that on 28 January 1433 Richard Heriot made bond with John Foweler in £20, payable on the vigil of St Peter ad Vincula next. However, he did not pay JF, and nor has he paid him as his administrator, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court, as well as the letters of administration dated 26 April 1443, granted to him by William North, commissary general appointed by Master Zenobius Malakyn, Dean of the church of St Mary le Bow during the vacancy in the see of Canterbury.

Pleading: RH states that he should not owe this debt, as by another document dated 30 January 1433 JF released and quitclaimed to RH all actions both real and personal which existed between them before that date

Pleading: RM states that this release was not made of JF. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. RH states that the release was made in the parish of All Hallows, Lombard street ward. Sheriff of London to have jury of that parish here at Easter five weeks.

Postea text: Parties come, sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to quindene of Trinity 1445.

Case notes: See also CP 40/736 rot 503d

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 30/01/1433
Bond St Leonard Eastcheap < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 28/01/1433
(due) 31/07/1433
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Fouler alias John Foweler (m) dec. Citizen Cook London < St Leonard Eastcheap < England Other
Richard Heriot (m) Citizen Tawyer (lately of) London < England Defendant
Robert Mershford (m) Citizen Hosteler London < England Administrator, Plaintiff
Thomas Denton (m) Attorney of defendant
William North (m) Commissary General Other
Zenobius Malakyn (m) Master Dean St Mary Le Bow [church] London < St Mary le Bow < England Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 145d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Domenicus Spynule and Ambrosius Pynello, merchants of Genoa, state that on 9 December 1444 Beligardus de Bardis made bond with them in £50, but has not paid, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court [cited in full], which obliges the defendant and his company to the debt.

Pleading: BB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also rot 333d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 09/12/1444
(due) 15/01/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Ambrosius Pynello (m) Merchant Genoa < Foreign < Italy Plaintiff
Beligardus Bardis (m) Merchant Florence < Foreign < Italy alias (lately of) London < Italy Defendant
Domenicus Spynule (m) Merchant Genoa < Foreign < Italy Plaintiff
John Joce (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Obertinus Bardis (m) Merchant Florence < Foreign < Italy Other
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 214

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Richard Pynchebek states that on 2 December 1439 Robert Bond bought from him two worsted beds called 'hangydbeddys' worth 40s, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: RB states that he does not owe this or any money to RP as claimed. Order that he wager his law at Easter five weeks. Pledges named.

Postea text: RB came, RP did not prosecute his writ. RP and pledges to prosecute amerced. RB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Mary Colechurch < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 02/12/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Lewys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John West (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Pynchebek (m) Citizen Upholder London < England Plaintiff
Robert Bond (m) Husbandman Royston < Cambridgeshire < England Defendant
Thomas Martyn (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 303d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Hugh Ashton states that on 19 April 1443 Edward Rothewell made bond with him in 80m, but has not paid, to his damage of 100m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: ER granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of HA.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 19/04/1443
(due) 03/06/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Rothewell (m) Tailor St Clement Danes < Middlesex < England Defendant
Hugh Ashton (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Lenegrene (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 303d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Dalden states that at All Saints (1 November) 1441 William Besyle made bond with him in £12, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JD. Pledges named.

Postea text: 7 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Easter 1447.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/11/1441
(due) 01/04/1442 < Easter
(due) 29/09/1442 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Dalden (m) Rector (lately of) 'Broughton' < England Plaintiff
John Uffenam (m) Gentleman Heytesbury < Wiltshire < England Surety for defendant
John Whittokkesmede (m) Gentleman Beanacre < Wiltshire < England Surety for defendant
Reginald Andrewe (m) Gentleman Beanacre < Wiltshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Waldeff (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Besyle (m) Esquire Bradford on Avon < Wiltshire < England Defendant
William Bulle (m) Gentleman Marshfield < Gloucestershire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 304

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Calcrofte states that John Leventhorp was receiver of his money from 2 February 1442 until Michaelmas 1442, and during that time received £45 from John Gresley, for which he was to render reasonable account when requested. However, he has refused to render this account, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: JL states that this case should cease, since at this time and long before he was receiver-general for Henry, Cardinal Bishop of Winchester, and the other feoffees of Henry V for all castles, lordships and other possessions held by them across England and Wales, while WC was at that time receiver for property in the counties of Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, paying all revenues to the feoffees via himself as receiver general, and was to account with him before the auditors and receive an acquittance. He states that on 3 July 1442, in St Thomas the Apostle, London, he accounted with WC for all money received from him between 2 February 1442 and 3 July 1442, before John Walsshe and William Grene, auditors, and allowances of £321 12s were made for these payments separately on his accounts for that 3 July 1442 and the following 6 June (1443), of which this £45 was part.

Pleading: WC states that this £45 was not a parcel of that £321 12s, and seeks judgment and that JL account for this £45.

Pleading: JL states that this £45 was a parcel of this £321 12s. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to octave of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1446 nisi prius they come before Richard Neuton, chief justice of the Bench, at St Martin le Grand on 14 February 1446. JL comes by attorney, RN sends record that on that day parties came by attorney before him and John Danyell, justices, jury came, but after they had retired to consider their verdict and returned, WC did not prosecute his writ. WC to take nothing for his writ, but is amerced for false claim. JL sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Thomas the Apostle < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 03/07/1442
Service/employment Contract St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 02/02/1442
(due) 29/09/1442 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Beaufort (m) Bishop, Cardinal Winchester [diocese] Other
John Danyell (m) Justice
John Gresley (m) Other
John Leventhorp (m) Esquire (lately of) Sawbridgeworth < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
John Walsshe (m) Auditor
Richard Neuton (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice
Richard Skilfull (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Calcrofte (m) Esquire Plaintiff
William Grene (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 304d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: Reginald Colyer, prior of St Bartholomews, West Smithfield, London, amerced for many defaults. John Spencer states that William, former prior of St Bartholomew's, and the convent of that house, made bond with him in £152 15s 3d by an indenture which he shows in court, sealed with the common seal of that house and dated in their chapter house at Michaelmas 1431, reciting how they accounted with him in the parish of St Giles, Cripplegate concerning various receipts and purchases of beer, by which they were found to be in arrears to him by this sum. Also, on 20 October 1438, Prior Reginald bought from him 700 casks of beer for a further £141 2½d, payable on request. However, the present prior has not paid either debt, totalling £293 14s 17½d (sic), to his damage of £100.

Pleading: RC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent of JS.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1445, rot 402] The Prior states that by a document which he shows in court, dated at Clapham in Surrey on 23 June 1439, JS acknowledged that he had received £60 from the present prior and convent in full payment of all outstanding arrears, and that the prior and convent were quit of any debts.

Pleading: JS states that he should not cease his action, since he says that the present prior was formerly indebted to him in another 40m beyond the £293 14s 17½d claimed here, and that on the day given in the acquittance the prior paid him that 40m, for which they sealed an acquittance for that 40m, and not in full payment of all the arrears. He says that the document was read to him in English, stating that it acknowledged payment of this 40m, and, believing this, he sealed it. He says that he is a man of little learning, and that this acquittance acknowledging payment of £60 in full payment of all arrears was not of his making. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of Surrey to have jury of Clapham here at month of Michaelmas. Acquittance to remain in custody of Henry Fylonglegh.

Case notes: Continued in Trinity term (CP 40/738), rot 402. Details taken from two enrolments.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/10/1438
Accounting
Bond
Sale of Goods
St Giles without Cripplegate < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 29/09/1431
(due) 29/09/1432 < Michaelmas
Release (from Debt/obligation) Clapham < Surrey < England (initial) 23/06/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylonglegh (m) King's Clerk Official
John Spencer (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Plaintiff
Reginald Colyer (m) Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] London < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Coventre (m) dec. Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] (lately of) London < England Debtor
William Kyrkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 305d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Bond; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: Hugh Ashton states that on 19 April 1443 Henry Stretmen made bond with him in 80m, but has not paid, to his damage of 100m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: HS states that he should not owe this debt, as, by an agreement between him and HA, he was bound in this 80m under the condition that it would be cancelled if a certain Lawrence Harewode appeared, at Portsmouth before Richard, earl of Salisbury at the muster of John, duke of Somerset as a man at arms, with four captains ('architinentibus') and that they serve the king in the duke's company overseas for half a year. He states that he himself is illiterate, and that the bond was read to him in English containing that condition, and believing this he sealed it and delivered it to HA. And since the bond does not contain this condition, HS states that this bond is not of his making. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Fylongley for safe-keeping.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 19/04/1443
(due) 03/06/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
Henry Stretman (m) Citizen Bowyer London < England Defendant
Hugh Asshton (m) Esquire Plaintiff
John Beaufort (m) Duke Somerset [dukedom] Other
Lawrence Harewode (m) Man-at-arms Other
Richard Neville (m) Earl Salisbury [earldom] Other
William Lenegrene (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 312

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Selby states that on 21 July 1442 he delivered to John Haywode for safe-keeping a certain document in which it was recorded that a certain Richard Selby and Robert Waryn, valet of the chamber of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, released and quit-claimed to Robert Hoton, his heirs and assigns, all rights which they had in a messuage, 103 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow and 2 acres of wood in North Mimms, Hertfordshire. This was to be returned on request, but JH has refused to return it, to his damage of £200.

Pleading: JH granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity. Pledges named for defendant. JS appoints John Bedford as his attorney.

Pleading: [continued on CP 40/739, rot 507 (Michaelmas 1445). Subsequent pleadings damaged and fragmentary.] JH states that, long before the delivery of the document, JS was seised of this property, and enfeoffed Richard [illegible], Robert [lost], Robert Falas and Peter Rede, who in turn enfeoffed John [illegible]. [Rest of pleading incomplete and unclear.]

Pleading: JS, not acknowledging anything said by JH, states that at the time of the delivery of the document, [lost] Selby was seised of this property, and thus seised enfeoffed Richard Selby and Robert Waryn, and a certain Robert Hoton, after which RS and RW released their claim to RH. And he states that he, JS, long after the making of the release, delivered it to JH, on condition that JH should pay to RH or JS £28 6s 8d, and defend all actions on this matter against JS by RH or others, at his own expense. But if he did not do this, then the document should be returned. And JS states that JH did not pay this sum.

Pleading: JH, not acknowledging anything said by JS, states that JS simply handed the document to him, at Westminster, in defence of these tenements, without any of the conditions claimed. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff of Middlesex to have jury of Westminster here at quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1445.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/739, rot 507 (Michaelmas 1445), although pleadings damaged and partially unclear. For similar case from Hoton on this matter see CP 40/738, rot 550 (Trinity 1445). For another case from Haywode, see CP 40/739, rot 602 (Herts case, not included).

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) North Mymms < Hertfordshire < England
Safe Keeping St Katherine Cree < Aldgate Ward < London < England (initial) 21/07/1442
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Lancastre (m) Skinner Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
Henry Lynstre (m) Gentleman North Mimms < Hertfordshire < England Surety for defendant
Humphrey Lancaster (m) Duke Gloucester [dukedom] Other
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Haywode (m) Gentleman North Mimms < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
John Selby (m) Plaintiff
Peter Rede (m) Other
Richard [missing] (m) Other
Richard Selby (m) Other
Robert [missing] (m) Other
Robert Falas (m) Other
Robert Hoton (m) (lately of) Cheshunt < Hertfordshire < England Other
Robert Waryn (m) Servant Other
Thomas Mulso (m) Gentleman Geddington < Northamptonshire < England Surety for defendant
Walter Mayle (m) Gentleman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 313

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Burton and John Stokton, mercers of London, state that on 24 May 1440 Geoffrey Randolph accounted with them before William Flete and John Notebroun, auditors, for various sums received by GR for them, and was found to be in arrears by £4 11s 14d. However, GR has not paid this, and refuses, to their damage of 100s.

Pleading: GR states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. He asks that JB and JS be examined on this account according to the recent statute, and that he may wager his law if the case is allowed. They were examined under the statute, and it was ordered that GR wager his law at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named for law, and for defendant's appearance.

Postea text: GR makes essoin to quindene of Michaelmas 1445.

Postea text: GR comes, JB and JS do not prosecute their writ. They and pledges amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 24/05/1440
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Geoffrey Randolf (m) Husbandman Wallingford < Berkshire < England Defendant
John Blakwell (m) Yeoman Banbury < Oxfordshire < England Surety for defendant
John Burton (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Inkepenrowe (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Notebroun (m) Auditor
John Stokton (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Totewyll (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Nicholas Bury (m) Gentleman Wheatley < Oxfordshire < England Surety for defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Roger Pery (m) Yeoman Forest Hill < Oxfordshire < England Surety for defendant
William Bates (m) Gentleman Thame < Oxfordshire < England Surety for defendant
William Flete (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 314

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 20s
Costs: £14
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Hatherle and Joan, his wife, executrix of the will of John Grace, state that on 8 March 1434 John Squery made bond with John Grace in £39 5s 4d, but did not pay him, and has not paid his executor or her husband, to their damage of £20. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters by which they have administration.

Pleading: JS states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by JG and his associates in Keston in Kent, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: The plaintiffs deny this, stating that at the time of the bond JS was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Kent to have jury of Keston here at the quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas 1446, nisi prius they come before the justices of assize in Kent at Maidstone on 19 July 1446. On this day, parties come, justices send record that on that day, before John Fortescu and Robert Danvers, justices, parties came, some of the jury came, others did not, and many were seen as suspicious and were withdrawn. Jury in respite to morrow of All Souls, and again to octave of Martinmas. On this day parties come, some jurors come, others do not, some suspicious. John and Joan Hatherle state that William Isle, sheriff of Kent, is of their council, and seek writ to empanel jury, and this is granted. Jurors in respite to octave of Hilary 1447.

Postea text: Jury in respite to morrow of Purification. Parties come, jury come, JS challenges the arraignment of the panel of ten. It is returned here that this was begun by Thomas Parker and finished by Thomas Swon, who said that the jurors were arrayed by Robert Berd, coroner, at the naming of the plaintiffs, to favour their case, and this was confirmed by the triers. Therefore panel removed, jury in respite to quindene of Easter, when judges will rule on this.

Postea text: Parties come, justices say that panel was appointed by Berd to favour the plaintiffs, but no fault is attached to the other coroner. Therefore ordered that the other coroner is to have the jury here, and appoint another panel, with no intervention from Berd. Jury in respite to quindene of Trinity 1447.

Postea text: Parties come, jury in respite to quindene of Michaelmas, as did not come.

Postea text: Parties come, jury in respite to morrow of Martinmas. Parties come, jury come, say that JS was free at the time of the making of the bond, and not imprisoned, and made it freely and not under coercion. Damages assigned to plaintiffs at 20s, and costs of £4. Ordered that they recover debt from JS, with damages of 100s assessed by jurors, and another £10 costs assigned by the justices at their request. JS amerced.

Postea text: JS committed to the Fleet until he pays this debt, and also for other reasons returned here by the steward and marshal of the household.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Queenhithe < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 08/03/1434
(due) 29/09/1434 < Michaelmas
Imprisonment Keston < Kent < England (initial) 08/03/1434
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Hatherle (f) Executor, Plaintiff
John atte Hoo (m) Juror
John Compwroth (m) Juror
John Drure (m) Juror
John Fortescu (m) Knight Justice
John Grace (m) dec. Citizen Pewterer London < England Testator
John Hatherle (m) Plaintiff
John Hever (m) Juror
John Jetor (m) Juror
John Moger (m) Juror
John Pettley (m) Downe < Kent < England Juror
John Pettley (m) Farnborough < Kent < England Juror
John Smyth (m) Juror
John Squery (m) Esquire (lately of) London < England Defendant
Nicholas Fraunceys (m) Juror
Nicholas Sybbyng (m) Juror
Richard at Thorne (m) Juror
Richard Walssh (m) Juror
Richard Wodeman (m) Juror
Richard Wyllyam (m) Juror
Robert Berd (m) Coroner Official
Robert Danvers (m) Justice
Robert Mayster (m) Juror
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas atte Stable (m) Juror
Thomas Parker (m) Official
Thomas Squery (m) dec. Esquire (lately of) Kent < England Other
Thomas Swon (m) Drover Official
Walter Aubrey (m) Juror
William Bery (m) Juror

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 314d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Elmham states that on 24 December 1442 Robert Stancyawe made bond with him in 68s 6d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RS granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 24/12/1442
(due) 12/01/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Robert Elmham (m) Mercer Lancashire < England Plaintiff
Robert Stancyawe jnr alias Robert Stancyawe (m) Gentleman (lately of) Almondsbury Hill < Gloucestershire < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 315

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Nicholas Carrewe states that on 26 October 1438 John Wyllyam made bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £100. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JW states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by NC and his associates at Berry Pomeroy in Devon, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: NC denies this, stating that at the time of the bond JW was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Devon to have jury of Berry Pomeroy here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/10/1438
(due) 25/12/1438 < Christmas
Imprisonment Berry Pomeroy < Devon < England (initial) 26/10/1438
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bedford (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wyllyam (m) Clerk Vicar Berry Pomeroy [church] Berry Pomeroy < Devon < England alias (lately of) Totnes < Devon < England Defendant
Nicholas Carrewe (m) Knight Plaintiff
William Hoigges (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 315d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: William Smyth states that on 10 June 1443 Thomas Page bought from him one tun of red wine for £6, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TP granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued on CP 40/738, rot 309d] TP states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed by WS. Ordered to wager his law at octave of St John the Baptist. Pledges named.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/738, rot 309d.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods All Hallows Honey Lane < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 10/06/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Hert (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Henry Pount (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Mayer (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Page (m) Fishmonger Market Harborough < Leicestershire < England Defendant
William Roo (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
William Smyth (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 317d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Kyrkeby states that on 21 October 1443 David Rede bought from him 200 ells of linen cloth for 100s, payable on request, but he has not paid, to his damage of £10

Pleading: DR states that he does not owe TK this or any money as claimed. Ordered that he wager his law at octave of Trinity. Pledges for law named.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 21/10/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
David Rede (m) Cordwainer Hereford < Herefordshire < England Defendant
Henry Horne (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Totewell (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Coburley (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Kyrkeby (m) Plaintiff
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 318

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Memorandum that on 4 May this term William Turnour showed the justices a certain bill against John Ferrers, junior, of St Albans, one of the clerks of the bench present in this court, the tenor of which follows. William Turnour sues against John Ferrers on a plea that he render to him 26s 8d, namely that on 12 July 1444 John Ferrers made bond with him in 26s 8d, which he shows in court, but he has not paid, to his damage of £20. Pledges to prosecute named.

Pleading: John Ferrers states that he cannot deny that he owes the debt and that the bond was of his making. Order that WT recover the debt, and damages of 6s 8d assessed by the court. WT amerced.

Case notes: Presumably the fact that the defendant was a court official allowed the case to proceed despite being below the 40s threshold for the court.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 12/07/1444
(due) 01/11/1444 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Cole (m) Surety of Plaintiff
John Ferrers jnr (m) Clerk St Albans < Hertfordshire < England Defendant
John Noke (m) Surety of Plaintiff
William Turnour (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 319d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Detention of goods

Pleading: Adam Thurkeld states that at the feast of then Exaltation of the Holy Cross (14 September) 1443 he bought from Thomas Smyth chattels worth £10, namely 300 salted fish, and left them in the custody of TS, to be delivered to him on request. However, TS refuses to hand them over, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TS states that he has not detained these goods or any part of them from AT as he claims. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Detention of Goods
Sale of Goods
St Nicholas Cole Abbey < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 14/09/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Adam Thurkeld (m) Plaintiff
James Gresham (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Smyth (m) Husbandman Sheringham < Norfolk < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 322

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Simon Strete states that on 18 May 1439 Thomas Turges, the testator, made four bonds with him, each in 5m, payable on various dates. However, neither TT nor his executor has paid these, to a total of 20m, to his damage of £20. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JH and EH state that EH was never an executor of the will of TT, and never administered any of the goods and chattels owned by him at his death.

Pleading: SS states that EH did administer various goods and chattels formerly of TT as executor of his will, namely in the parish of St Pancras, Cordwainer Street ward, London. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury of St Pancras parish here at octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also CP 40/749, rot 405, and CP 40/754, rot 319 for later cases over same debts.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 18/05/1439
(due) 06/01/1440 < Epiphany
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 18/05/1439
(due) 06/01/1442 < Epiphany
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 18/05/1439
(due) 06/01/1443 < Epiphany
Bond St Antholin Budge Row < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 18/05/1439
(due) 06/01/1444 < Epiphany
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Elizabeth Hethe (f) Defendant, Executor
John Hethe (m) Yeoman Marsworth < Buckinghamshire < England Defendant
John Huet (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wilcokkes (m) Attorney of defendant
Simon Strete (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Turges (m) dec. Yeoman Marsworth < Buckinghamshire < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 324

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Walter Percyvale states that on 19 November 1436 John Cassy made bond with him in 6m, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JC states that in Gloucestershire there are two places called 'Wightfield', namely 'Over Wightfield' and 'Nether Wightfield', but there is no place called or known simply as 'Wightfield', as the writ supposes. Since the writ does not specify which village of 'Wightfield' he was or is living, according to the Statute of Additions, he therefore seeks judgment on the writ.

Pleading: WP states that his writ should not cease, as there is a place in Gloucestershire called simply 'Wightfield' without any additions, as the writ supposes. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Gloucestershire to have jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Olave < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 19/11/1436
(due) 02/02/1437 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Andrew Taselar (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Cassy (m) Esquire Wightfield < Gloucestershire < England Defendant
Robert Hoigges (m) Attorney of defendant
Walter Pervcyvale (m) Esquire Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 329

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Harwe states that on 31 July 1443 John Abbot made four bonds with him, each in 40s, payable at various dates over the next year. However, he has not paid these, to a total of £8, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JA states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by JH and his associates in St Mary Aldermary, London, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: JH denies this, stating that at the time of the bond JA was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury of St Mary Aldermary here at quindene of Trinity. JA appoints John Wilcokkes as his attorney.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1443
(due) 24/06/1444 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1443
(due) 25/12/1443 < Christmas
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1443
(due) 12/04/1444 < Easter
Bond St Lawrence Jewry < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1443
(due) 29/09/1444 < Michaelmas
Imprisonment St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 31/07/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Abbot (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Defendant
John Harwe (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Wilcokkes (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 333d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Domenicus Spynule and Ambrosius Pynello, merchants of Genoa, state that on 9 December 1444 Beligardus de Bardis made bond with them in £50, but he has not paid this £40 (sic, presumably error), to their damage of £100. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: Beligardus de Bardis states that Florence is not in England, and that on the day of the original writ of DS and AP he was staying in London, in the parish of St Mary Woolnoth, Langbourn ward, as he will verify, and since the Beligardus named in the writ must be named as of the place where he was staying on or before the date of the original writ, according to the Statute of Additions, he is therefore not named in this writ. He seeks judgment on this writ.

Pleading: Plaintiffs state that they cannot deny this, and seek licence to get a better writ. This is granted. Plaintiffs to take nothing for their writ, but are amerced for false claim. BB sent without day.

Case notes: See also rot 145d

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the East < Tower Ward < London < England (initial) 09/12/1444
(due) 15/01/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Ambrosius Pynello (m) Merchant Genoa < Foreign < Italy Plaintiff
Beligardus Bardis (m) Merchant London < St Mary Woolnoth < Langbourn Ward < Italy alias (lately of) Florence < Foreign < St Mary Woolnoth < Langbourn Ward < Italy Defendant
Domenicus Spynule (m) Merchant Genoa < Foreign < Italy Plaintiff
John Joce (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Obertinus Bardis (m) Florence < Foreign < Italy Other
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 335d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 20s
Costs: 113s 4d
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Tounlond and Robert Welwyk, executors of the will of Thomas Osbarn, late citizen and merchant of London, state that on 21 November 1439, in St Margaret Lothbury, London, Thomas atte Bregge, now deceased, accounted before John Notbroun and William Myles, auditors, concerning various sums of money received by TB for TO, and was found to be in arrears by £20. However, he did not pay this, and his executors, John Serle, Henry Aleyn and John Hoghlyn, still detain this sum, to their damage of £40. They show in court the testamentary letters of TO, by which they have administration.

Pleading: John Serle, Henry Aleyn and John Hoghlyn granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1445, rot 123] The executors of TB state that TB paid £10 of this debt to TO during his life, at Woodchurch in Kent. And regarding the other £10, they say that they have fully administered all the goods formerly of TB, and have nothing in their hands, and had nothing on the day of the original writ.

Pleading: The executors of TO state that, on the first £10, they do not have to reply, and they seek judgment and damages. On the other £10, they say that on the day of their original writ, namely 8 [month lost] 23 Henry VI, they did have sufficient goods of TB to pay this debt, namely in St Michael Bassishaw in London. Both parties seek enquiry on the country.

Pleading: The executors of TB state that their plea regarding the first £10 was sufficient, and the other executors have not denied this. They therefore seek that their action be precluded. The justices, wishing to be advised, give day at the octave of Hilary. Order to the sheriff to have jury here at that term.

Postea text: Further licence, to octave of Michaelmas 1445.

Postea text: [CP 40/739, rot 123d] [Long postea, damaged and incomplete. Plaintiffs win case over entire debt of £20. Damages and costs to total of 10m. Acknowledgement of payment of debt and damages on 6 July 1448.]

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/739, rot 123 (Michaelmas 1445).

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Margaret Lothbury < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 21/11/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Aleyn (m) Husbandman Lydd < Kent < England Defendant, Executor
John Heansell (m) Attorney of defendant
John Hoghlyn (m) Yeoman Ivychurch < Kent < England Defendant, Executor
John Notbroun (m) Auditor
John Serle (m) Yeoman Lydd < Kent < England Defendant, Executor
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Welwyk (m) Clerk London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas atte Bregge (m) dec. Testator
Thomas Osbarn (m) dec. Citizen Mercer London < England Testator
William Myles (m) Auditor
William Tounlond (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 377

Term: Easter 1445
County: Hertfordshire
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Hull states that on 12 May 1444 John Whyte forcibly broke into his house in Hertford and took goods worth 40s, namely 4000 roof-tiles, six carts of sand and four quarters of burnt lime, against the peace and to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: John Whyte granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent.

Case notes: See also other case on this rotulet, same defendant, same day, different plaintiff and offence. Also see CP 40/738, rot 105.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Hertford < Hertfordshire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Gryce (m) Attorney of defendant
John Whyte (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
Thomas Cooke (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hull (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 377

Term: Easter 1445
County: Hertfordshire
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault

Pleading: John Bybbesworth states that on 12 May 1444 John Whyte assaulted him at Cheshunt, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: John Whyte granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent.

Case notes: See also other case on this rotulet, same defendant, same day, different plaintiff and offence.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault Cheshunt < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 12/05/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bybbesworth (m) Plaintiff
John Gryce (m) Attorney of defendant
John Whyte (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
Thomas Cooke (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 402

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Debt

Pleading: William and Agnes Farle state that on 1 November 1433, in London (parish of St Nicholas [Shambles], ward of Farringdon Without [sic, possibly error for Within]) John Lee retained Agnes, while a single woman, to serve him as a spinster for six years, taking 20s per year, and 10s 4d for a gown. She served JL faithfully for this period, but JL has not paid her the £6 10s 4d due to her for this period, and refuses to pay, to their damage of £10.

Pleading: JL granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1445, rot 304] JL states that they ought not have their action, since on 6 November 1439 he exonerated Agnes from this service, to which Agnes agreed.

Pleading: WF and AF state that JL did not exonerate Agnes from her service on 6 November 1439 as he claims. All parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Hampshire to have jury of Winchester here at octave of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: JL came, WF and AF did not prosecute their writ. WF and AF and pledges amerced.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/738 rot 304

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/11/1433
(due) 01/11/1439
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Farle (f) Plaintiff
John Lee (m) Butcher Winchester < Hampshire < England Defendant
Robert Colpays (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Farle (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 402d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Kyrkby states that on 26 June 1438 John Byllynges bought from him 80 ells of linen cloth for 110s, payable on request, but he has not paid, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JB states that he does not owe this or any money to JK as he claims. Ordered that he wager his law at octave of Trinity. Pledges for law named.

Postea text: TK came, JB made essoin, to quindene of St John the Baptist. Both parties came, JB made his law. TK to take nothing for writ, but amerced for false claim. JB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/06/1438
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Byllynges (m) Tucker Wells < Somerset < England Defendant
John Horne (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Hert (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Berd (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Kyrkeby alias Thomas Kyrkby (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Staynford (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 407

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Christopher Percyvale states that on 20 January 1442 John Broun bought from him 50 ells of linen cloth called 'white Brabant cloth', 50 ells of linen cloth called 'Flemish cloth', 2lb of thread called 'Cologne thread', 6 pieces of lawn and 1lb 3oz of jet ('gette') for £4, payable on request, but he has not paid, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JB granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Case notes: See also CP 40/738, rot 108

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 20/01/1442
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Christopher Percyvale (m) Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Broun (m) Gentleman Cornwall < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Glyn (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 409d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: William Pykeryng and his wife Ella, former wife of John Ingram, executors of the will of JI, state that on 8 January 1431 John Ovy made bond with John Ingram in £20. However he did not pay JI, nor his executors after his death, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court, as well as the testamentary letters of JI, by which they have administration.

Pleading: John Ovy granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Pleading: [continued on CP 40/738, rot 318d] JO states that he should not be bound to this debt, as at this time he was imprisoned by JI and his associates at Ingham in Norfolk, and detained there until he made this bond under duress.

Pleading: The executors deny this, stating that at the time of the bond JO was not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under any duress. All parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Norfolk to have jury of Ingham here at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/738, rot 318d

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Ingham < Norfolk < England (initial) 08/01/1431
Bond St Nicholas Cole Abbey < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 08/01/1431
(due) 13/01/1431 < St Hilary
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Ella Pykeryng (f) London < England Executor, Plaintiff
John Ingram (m) dec. Citizen Fishmonger (lately of) London < England Testator
John Ovy (m) Husbandman East Ruston < Norfolk < England Defendant
William Bondes (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Brayne (m) Attorney of defendant
William Pykeryng (m) Fishmonger London < England Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 414d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Lescrop states that on 30 September 1435, in St Gregory by St Paul's, London, he demised at farm to John Cateryk the manor of Barningham with appurtenances, to hold for 6 years, at a rent of £4 per year. JC held the manor for this time, but the rent is in arrears by £12, and JC has refused to pay, to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: JC granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Barningham < Yorkshire < England (initial) 30/09/1435
Rental Agreement St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 30/09/1435
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Cateryk (m) Esquire (lately of) Barningham < Yorkshire < England Defendant
John Lescrop (m) Knight Plaintiff
Thomas Cotes (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 438d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Bedell states that on 21 September 1441 John Fraunceys accounted before Geoffrey Janyn and William Hawkyn, auditors, for various sums of money received by him for WB, and was found to be in arrears by £8. However, JF has refused to pay this sum, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JF states that he never accounted before these auditors for these sums, as claimed by WB. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Trinity. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 21/09/1441
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Geoffrey Janyn (m) Auditor
John Fraunceys (m) Mercer Newport < Essex < England Defendant
Nicholas Sleyworth (m) Gentleman Newport < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Skylfull (m) Gentleman Clavering < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Tregodek (m) Gentleman Lancashire < England Surety for defendant
William Bedell (m) Gentleman Essex < England Plaintiff
William Hawkyn (m) Auditor
William Raulyn (m) Gentleman Ryburgh < Norfolk < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 456

Term: Easter 1445
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Nicholas Thomasson states that on 18 May 1442 David Thomas, along with John Deys, broke his closes and houses at Acton and 'Mereford', and destroyed his growing crops and grass to a value of £10 and de-pasturing his animals. This was against the peace, and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: DT denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed by NT. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Acton < Middlesex < England (initial) 18/05/1442
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
David Thomas (m) Brewer London < England Defendant
John Deys (m) Carter London < England Accessory
John Thornton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Thomasson (m) Butcher Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 456d

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Thomas Kyrk states that on 20 November 1444 Cosso and Beatrice Caro forcibly assaulted him in St Andrew's Holborn, against the peace and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: CC and BC granted licence to imparl to quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/11/1444
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Beatrice Caro (f) London < England Defendant
Cosso Caro (m) Shoemaker London < England Defendant
Thomas Kyrk (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 464

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Case type: Contract (general); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Auntrus states that on 10 July 1443 William Furnevale and he accounted for his labour as a tailor in making various clothes for WF and his wife Alice, and it was found that WF owed him 100s. However, WF has not paid this, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: WF granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: WA came, WF did not come, in default. Ordered that WA recover the debt of 100s, and damages of 6s 8d. WF amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 10/07/1443
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alice Furnevale (f) Other
William Auntrus (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
William Furnevale (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 464d

Term: Easter 1445
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Blyton states that on 2 December 1438 John Wyche made bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JW states that he should not owe this debt, as he made this bond following consistent threats of imprisonment and ruin made by WB at Oxford.

Pleading: WB states that this case should continue, as at the time of the bond JW was free and did not make the bond under any duress or threat. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Oxfordshire to have jury of Oxford here at quindene of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 02/12/1438
(due) 29/09/1439 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Colyns (m) Attorney of defendant
John Wyche (m) Yeoman Iffley < Oxfordshire < England Defendant
William Blyton (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/737, rot. 466

Term: Easter 1445
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Henry Brade states that on 17 September 1442 John Prat bought from him one pipe of white wine for 4m, payable on request, but JP has not paid this, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: JP granted licence to imparl to octave of Trinity, with assent.

Postea text: Parties come, JP states that he does not owe this or any money as claimed. Seeks to make his law immediately, and does so. HB to take nothing for his writ, but is amerced for false claim. JP sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 17/09/1442
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Brade (m) Plaintiff
John Prat (m) Yeoman Henley on Thames < Oxfordshire < England Defendant
Thomas Waldeve (m) Attorney of defendant
William Armeston (m) Attorney of plaintiff