CP40/796
Hilary term 1460

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/796: Hilary term 1460', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118127 Date accessed: 19 September 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 023
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 023d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 025d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 104d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 108d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 117
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 119d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 121
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 125
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 128
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 137d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 139
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 141d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 142
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 142d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 143
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 143d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 148
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 159d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 280d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 285d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 289d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 304d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 307
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 313d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 315
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 317
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 334
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 337
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 340
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 343
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 344d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 344d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 352
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 361d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 382

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 023

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 20s
Costs: 10s
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William Parchemener states that at Michaelmas 1457, at Westminster, he demised at farm to Richard Gille 30 acres of land, 26 acres of pasture and 4 acres of wood called 'le Tylekylne' in Cranham, to hold for 2 years at an annual rent of 60s. HE occupied this property, but has not paid 100s of this £6 rent, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: RG states that he does not owe WP this 100s or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at Easter three weeks. WP remits mainprize, and RG can go freely without mainprize. RG appoints Thomas Torald as attorney.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1460. Parties come by attorney, jury say that RG does owe this 100s to WP as claimed. Damages assigned at 20s, costs at 10s. Order that WP recover debt and costs, RG amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/09/1457
(due) 29/09/1459 < Michaelmas
Location of Property Cranham < Essex < England (initial) 29/09/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Gille (m) Husbandman Cranham < Essex < England Defendant
Richard Wroxham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Parchemener (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 023d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: William Parchemener states that on 1 January 1456, at Westminster, William Godewyn made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WG states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by WP and his associates at Erith in Kent, and was forced to make the bond under duress.

Pleading: WP denies this, stating that JN made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Erith here at quindene of Easter. Pledges named.

Postea text: 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment Erith < Kent < England (initial) 01/01/1456
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 01/01/1456
(due) 28/03/1456 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Wheteley (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Okelond (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Wetherby (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Gille (m) Husbandman Cranham < Essex < England Surety for defendant
Richard Miller (m) Husbandman Great Warley < Essex < England Surety for defendant
William Godewyn (m) Husbandman (lately of) Havering-atte-Bower < Essex < England Defendant
William Parchemener (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 025d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 40s
Costs: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Vyvyan states that on 12 April 1455 John Reynold made a bond with him in 40m, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JR states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter. WV remits mainprize. JR appoints attorney. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Fylonghley, chief king's clerk. WV appoints attorney.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1460. Parties come, jury say that the bond was made by JR as claimed by WV. Damages assigned at 40s, costs at 20s. Order that WV recover debt and damages, JR to be taken.

Postea text: JR committed to the Fleet.

Postea text: WV acknowledges satisfaction of debt and damages. Order that JR quit, and to be released from prison.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Clement Danes < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/04/1455
(due) 24/06/1455 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylonghley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Reynold (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
William Vyvyan (m) Citizen Brewer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Chacom states that on 22 September 1455, Nicholas Scolehous made a bond with him in £18 4s 7d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: NS granted licence to imparl to Easter three weeks. Pledges named (one name lost).

Postea text: JC came, NS did not come, in default. Order that JC recover debt, and damage of 20s. NC amerced.

Case notes: Entry damaged and incomplete, details collated from throughout entry.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 22/09/1455
(due) 02/03/1456
(due) 22/09/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Chacom (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Davy (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Scolehous (m) Chapman Worstead < Norfolk < England Defendant
Richard Man (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Thorp (m) London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Simon Brygeman states that on 12 March 1457 John Pychard made a bond with him in £7, but has not paid, to his damage of 6m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JP states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by SB and his associates at St Michael Bassishaw in London, and was forced to make the bond under duress.

Pleading: SB denies this, stating that JP made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff to have jury of St Michael Bassishaw here at the octave of the Purification.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter.

Postea text: SB came JP did not come, in default. Sheriff sent writ with panel of names, but nothing. Jury in respite to quindene of Trinity 1460, as did not come. Sheriff to take.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Botolph without Aldgate < Portsoken Ward < London < England (initial) 12/03/1457
(due) 24/08/1457 < St Bartholomew
Imprisonment St Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England (initial) 12/03/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Pychard (m) Skinner London < England Defendant
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Simon Brygeman (m) Citizen Fuller London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 095d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: William Penbrigge states that on 9 May 1458 John Founteyns made two bonds with him, the first in 6m, payable at Michaelmas then next, and the other in 10m, payable at Easter then next. Also, on 2 August 1458 he borrowed a further 26s 8d, payable on request. However, he has not paid any of these debts, to a total of £12, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JF granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter. Pledges named for defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 02/08/1458
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/05/1458
(due) 29/09/1458 < Michaelmas
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/05/1458
(due) 25/03/1459 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Medburn (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Founteyns (m) Gentleman (lately of) Clapham < Surrey < England Defendant
John Thomas (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Smyth (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Curteys (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Penbrigge (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 104d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Kent
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Housebreaking; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Taking of goods; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Thomas Boleyn, master of the college of All Saints, Maidstone, together with the chaplains of that house, state that on 10 February 1459 Peter Staynford and Robert Frodesham, together with William Staynford and Thomas Walter, forcibly broke their close and house at Detling and took and carried off goods to the value of 20m, namely 20 quarters of wheat, 30 quarters of barley, 100 cops of peas and 100 cops of vetches, both in sheaves, and also destroyed growing crops worth 40s and ploughed 8 acres of land, by which the master and brothers were deprived of their land for half a year after the said 10 February. This was against the peace and to their damage of £40.

Pleading: PS, both for himself and as attorney for RF, granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter.

Pleading: [Mesne process follows, same case against WS and TW, who did not come. Sheriff to attach. Says that he attached WS by oath of John Stour and Richard Fenne. They are amerced. Distrain to be here at same term. Concerning TW, sheriff sends that he has nothing. To take for same term.]

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Detling < Kent < England (initial) 10/02/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Goldwell (m) Attorney of defendant
Peter Staynford (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Robert Frodesham (m) Clerk (lately of) Hollingbourne < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Boleyn (m) Clerk Master of House All Saints, Maidstone [college] Maidstone < Kent < England Plaintiff
Thomas Walter (m) Dyer (lately of) Maidstone < Kent < England Accessory
William Staynford (m) Gentleman (lately of) Maidstone < Kent < England Accessory

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 108d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Lok and Thomas Bryan state that on 4 July 1458 John Blakbourne made a bond with them in £36 13s 4d, payable on 4 July 1459, but has not paid, to their damage of £40. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: JB states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of the Purification.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 04/07/1458
(due) 04/07/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Blakbourne (m) Citizen Vintner London < England Defendant
John Lok (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Wydeslade (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Bryan (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Thomas Kellowe (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 117

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Assault; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Bore states that on 20 February 1455 Robert Bryght, together with Thomas Derlyngton and John Lesard, forcibly assaulted and imprisoned him in the parish of St Mary Matfelon (Whitechapel), against the peace and to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: RB denies this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter. RB appoints attorney against JB.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
Imprisonment
Whitechapel < Middlesex < England (initial) 20/02/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bore (m) Plaintiff
John Lesard (m) Weaver London < England Accessory
Ralph Amyas (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Bryght (m) Weaver London < England Defendant
Thomas Derlyngton (m) Weaver London < England Accessory

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 119d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: William Turbervyle attached by his body to answer John Lawes, attorney of the Bench, according to the customs of the court regarding its attorneys and ministers, on plea of debt. JL states that on 1 May 1459 WT borrowed 40s from him, payable on request, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: WT granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter. Pledges named.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/05/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Milbourn (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
John Agelond (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
John Lawes (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
Nicholas Wetherby (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Thornton (m) Yeoman Westminster < Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Turbervyle (m) Chaplain London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 121

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Peter Alfold states that on 9 July 1448 John Suthwell made a bond with him in £55, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JS states that the bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of the Purification. Bond to remain in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley. Pledges named.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1460.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, on which day pleading was adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which term Edward IV took power from Henry VI [long description talking of this transfer], after which , in Trinity term 1461, PA came into court and sought a writ to the sheriff of London to re-summon JS to be here to hear the verdict, and to bring the jury, the writ being returnable at the quindene of Easter 1461.

Postea text: Bond delivered to Thomas Torald, as case discontinued. John Fogge, clerk of the Bench, quit.

Case notes: Includes long description of the takeover of power by Edward IV.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Martin Orgar < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 09/07/1448
(due) 25/12/1448 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Official
Henry Hert (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Park (m) Yeoman Lewes < Sussex < England Surety for defendant
John Fogge (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Suthwell (m) Esquire (lately of) London < England alias (lately of) Lewes < Sussex < England Defendant
Peter Alfold (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Morys (m) Yeoman Lewes < Sussex < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Roper (m) Haberdasher London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 125

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Northamptonshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Hertwell states that on 7 November 1457, at Northampton, John Manee made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JM granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of TH.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Northampton < Northamptonshire < England (initial) 07/11/1457
(due) 25/12/1457 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Chevercourt (m) Attorney of defendant
John Manee (m) Citizen Bowyer London < England Defendant
John Wylcokys (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hertwell (m) Esquire Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 128

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Abraham states that on 17 August 1456, in London [parish and ward omitted], John Felde made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: [No counter plea recorded.]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 17/08/1456
(due) 29/09/1456 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Felde (m) Husbandman Lambourne < Essex < England Defendant
John Huet (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Abraham (m) Alderman, Citizen Vintner London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 137d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Aleyn states that on 19 February 1459 John Clerk made a bond with him in £8, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JC admits the action, and that he owes the debt as claimed. Order that JA recover the debt, and damages of 20s. JC amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Matthew Friday Street < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 19/02/1459
(due) 21/09/1459 < St Matthew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
John Clerk (m) Gentleman (lately of) Hastings < Sussex < England Defendant
Ralph Amyas (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 139

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £24
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Hugh Wyche and William Brompton, citing the terms of the statute of 1422 against the creation and use of false documents to disturb possession of lands [1 Henry V, c. 3], state that on 10 February 1444 William Newenam made various false deeds and muniments regarding certain property held by them, namely a messuage, 40 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow and 10 acres of pasture in Priors Marston and Priors Hardwick. These documents were a false deed stating that a certain Hugh Wattes granted this property to a certain William Shukburgh and Robert Wattes, to hold in perpetuity, and another stating that HW quitclaimed to WS and RW all his rights in those lands. These deeds were created in London, in St Stephen Coleman Street, in order to disturb their possession of this property, by which their possession was greatly disturbed, in contempt of the king, against the form of the statute and to their damage of £24.

Pleading: WN granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of plaintiffs.

Pleading: [continued at Easter 1460, rot 124d] WN states that he is not responsible for making these false deeds or any of them as claimed by the plaintiffs. Parties on country, jury here at the morrow of Ascension.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/797, rot 124d.

Events
Type Place Date
Breach of Statute
Charter
St Stephen Coleman Street < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 10/02/1444
Location of Property Priors Marston < Warwickshire < England
Location of Property Priors Hardwick < Warwickshire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Wattes (m) Other
Hugh Wyche (m) Plaintiff
John Abell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Wattes (m) Other
William Assheby (m) Attorney of defendant
William Brompton (m) Plaintiff
William Newenam (m) Esquire Stoneton < Northamptonshire < England Defendant
William Shukburgh (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 141d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 100s
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: John Beford states that on 18 November 1437 Roger Pierpount made four bonds with him, each in £5, but has not paid any of these debts, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RP states that he should not owe these debts, as he made them following great threats made against him by JB, threatening his life and mutilation of his limbs unless he made these bonds and brought them to JB at King's Lynn.

Pleading: JB denies this, stating that RP made the bonds freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Norfolk to have jury here at quindene of Easter.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1460, nisi prius they come before William Yelverton JCP at King's Lynn on 6 June 1460. On this day, JB came by attorney, justices sent record that on that day, before William Yelverton and William Wayce, JB came by attorney (Yates), RP in person, RP states that he cannot deny the action of JB, and that he made the bonds freely and not under duress. Order that JB recover debt, and damages assigned at 100s. RP amerced.

Postea text: JB came by attorney William [lost], and acknowledged satisfaction of debt and damages. RP quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 18/11/1437
(due) 13/04/1438 < Easter
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 18/11/1437
(due) 29/09/1438 < Michaelmas
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 18/11/1437
(due) 24/06/1438 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 18/11/1437
(due) 25/12/1437 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
[missing] Yates (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Beford (m) London < England Plaintiff
Roger Pierpount (m) Gentleman (lately of) Langford < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Wayce (m) Justice
William Yelverton (m) Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 142

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Sale of goods

Pleading: Philip Husk states that on 12 October 1455 he demised to William Hyldyche his rectory of Brede in Sussex, with tithes, oblations, etc, to hold for three years, rendering 16m per year during that time, payable equally at Lady Day and Michaelmas. WH held this rectory, etc, for this three years, for which he owed £32, but he has not paid this sum. Also, on the same day, WH bought from him 12 quarters of wheat, 12 quarters of barley and 12 quarters of peas for £8, payable on request, but WH has not paid this debt either, to his total damage of £20.

Pleading: WH states that, concerning the £32 debt, he paid this sum to PH at Brede on the morrow of Michaelmas 1458. And concerning the other £8, he states that he does not owe PH this or any money as claimed, and makes his law instantly. PH to take nothing, amerced for false claim. PH quit.

Pleading: PH, concerning the £32, states that WH did not pay him this sum as he claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of Sussex to have jury here at quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Brede < Sussex < England
Rental Agreement St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 12/10/1455
(due) 12/10/1458
Release (from Debt/obligation) Brede < Sussex < England (initial) 30/09/1458
Sale of Goods St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 12/10/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Philip Husk (m) Clerk Plaintiff
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Hyldyche (m) Clerk (lately of) Brede < Sussex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 142d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 100s
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: John Brampton states that on 9 July 1442 Roger Pierpount made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RP states that he should not owe this debt, as he made the bond following great threats made against him by JB, threatening his life and mutilation of his limbs unless he made these bonds and brought them to JB at King's Lynn.

Pleading: JB denies this, stating that RP made the bonds freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Norfolk to have jury here at quindene of Easter.

Pleading: [CP 40/804, rot 308 (Easter 1462)] It was ordered that in the court of Henry VI in Trinity term 1460 before John Prysot and his fellows, John Brampton recovered against Roger Pierpount both a debt of £20 and damages of £5 on account of that debt. However, RP has not yet paid, and so the sheriff is ordered to make known to RP by 12 men that he should be here at this day, namely the quindene of Easter 1462, to execute this judgment. JB came on this day by attorney, RP did not come, sheriff sent that RP had nothing in his bailiwick, and is not found. Order that JB have execution against RP of this debt and damages.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1460, nisi prius they come before William Yelverton JCP at King's Lynn on 6 June 1460. On this day, JB came by attorney, justices sent record that on that day, before William Yelverton and William Wayce, parties came, RP states that he cannot deny the action of JB, and that he made the bonds freely and not under duress. Order that JB recover debt, and damages assigned at 100s. RP amerced.

Postea text: JB acknowledged satisfaction of debt and damages. RP quit.

Postea text: Record and process on this case summoned before the king on writ of error, dated 12 April 1464, directed to Robert Danby, CJCP.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 09/07/1442
(due) 29/09/1442 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Brampton (m) Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Plaintiff
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Official
Roger Pierpount (m) Gentleman (lately of) Langford < Nottinghamshire < England Defendant
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Wayce (m) Justice
William Yelverton (m) Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 143

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Richard Bowyer states that on 5 August 1455, by an indenture of which he shows part in court, John Weston acknowledged that he had received certain goods from RB worth 26m for safe-keeping, namely one silver goblet with lid weighing 19oz, a silver salt cellar with lid weighing 4¾oz, 6 silver spoons weighing 5¾oz, and one 'kiss of peace' of silver gilt, with two texts written on it, weighing 6¼oz. These were to be returned on request, but JW has not done so, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JW granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of RB. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 05/08/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hewet (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Okelond (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Thomas (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Weston (m) Clerk Middlesex < England alias Oxford < Oxfordshire < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Bowyer (m) Chaplain Plaintiff
Robert Forster (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Cheyne (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 143d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Maunche states that at Michaelmas 1456, at Old Ford, he demised to Simon Steven a certain water mill with appurtenances, to hold for one year at a rent of 113s 4d, payable at Easter and Michaelmas. SS held this mill for this period, but has not paid this rent to JM, to his damage £10.

Pleading: SS states that JM did not demise this mill to him as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of the Purification.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter three weeks 1460.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff sent writ and jury panel but they did not come. In respite, to quindene of Trinity 1460.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, then delayed to quindene of Easter 1461, before which Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne [details given].

Postea text: JM came, sought writ to the sheriff of Middlesex to summon SS to court to hear the pleading and judgment, and to have jury here. Writ granted, returnable at the morrow of the Purification 1462.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Old Ford < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/09/1456
(due) 29/09/1457 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Alcok (m) Attorney of defendant
John Maunche (m) Draper London < England Plaintiff
Simon Steven (m) Miller Stratford at Bow < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas Hunt (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 148

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Hyche states that on 22 April 1448 John Bruyn made five bonds with him, each in £5, payable at the feast of Michaelmas in the years 1448, 1449, 1450, 1451 and 1452. However, he has not paid, to his damage of 40m. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: JB states that WH ought not maintain his action, as after the making of the bonds, at Pentecost (5 June) 1457, WH, as William Yche of London, fishmonger, by a release which he shows in court, made at Bridgnorth in Shropshire, released him from all real and personal actions outstanding between them.

Pleading: WH states that this release is not of his making. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Shropshire to have jury here at quindene of Easter. Release to remain in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, then to quindene of Easter, before which Edward IV replaced Henry VI. At Trinity term 1461, WH sought new writ to the sheriff of Shropshire to have JB and jury here, granted, returnable at quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 22/04/1448
(due) 29/09/1448 < Michaelmas
Release (from Debt/obligation) Bridgnorth < Shropshire < England (initial) 05/06/1457
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (due) 29/09/1449 < Michaelmas
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (due) 29/09/1452 < Michaelmas
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (due) 29/09/1451 < Michaelmas
Bond St Magnus the Martyr < Bridge Ward < London < England (due) 29/09/1450 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Bruyn (m) Esquire (lately of) Bridgnorth < Shropshire < England Defendant
John Salter (m) Attorney of defendant
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Hyche (m) Citizen Fishmonger London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 159d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100m
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Thomas Stokes states that on 10 February 1458 John More, together with John Haukyn and John Rafe, in the parish of St Clement Danes, forcibly took and carried away goods of his worth £40, namely one crimson dyed woollen cloth of 27 yards, one white woollen cloth of 12 yards, one woollen cloth called 'russet' of 20 yards with another green coloured woollen cloth of 24 yards, 6 yards of white blanket, one woollen cloth called a 'tawny' of 14 yards, a red woollen cloth of 27 yards, 4 yards of black kersey, 14 yards of 'strayt crimson', a cloth of black of lyre of 15 yards, and 1 yard of murrey. This was against the peace, and to his damage of 100m.

Pleading: JM denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Clement Danes < Middlesex < England (initial) 10/02/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Haukyn (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Accessory
John More (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Rafe (m) Tailor (lately of) London < England Accessory
Thomas Stokes (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 280d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Gylle states that on 27 April 1456 Frederick de Nofro accounted before William Wykwan and Thomas Baxter, auditors, for various sums of money received by him for JG, and was found to be in arrears to JG by £24 8s. However, FN has not paid these sums to JG, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: FN granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of JG.

Pleading: [continued at Easter 1460, rot 160] FN states that he did not account before WW and TB for this money as claimed. Parties on country. FN states that he is an alien, namely of [omitted] outside the king's obedience, and seeks a jury of both aliens and natives, according to the terms of the statute. Since JG did not deny this, order to the sheriff to have jury here at octave of Trinity, half being natives and half aliens.

Case notes: continued on CP 40/797, rot 160.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 27/04/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Frederick Nofro (m) Broker (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Gylle (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
Peter Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Baxter (m) Auditor
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Wykwan (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 285d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Laurence and Thomas Clerk, executors of William Rose, state that on 20 August 1457 William Dunton acknowledged by a written indenture that he owed William Rose, now deceased, a debt of £4, payable at Easter then next. However, WD has not paid this debt, either to WR or his executors, to their damage of 5m. They show the bill in court [recited in full, in Latin], and the testamentary letters of WR, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: WD granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Botolph Billingsgate < Billingsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/08/1457
(due) 02/04/1458 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gregory Langham (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Clerk (m) Citizen Fishmonger London < England Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Dunton (m) Gentleman (lately of) Hadleigh < Suffolk < England Defendant
William Laurence (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Executor, Plaintiff
William Rose (m) dec. Citizen Grocer London < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 289d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Bonore states that on 27 February 1457 John Kente made a bond with him in 40s, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JK granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter. Pledges named for defendant.

Pleading: [continued at Easter 1460, rot 261] JK states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Trinity.

Postea text: [on CP 40/797, rot 261] 3 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/797, rot 261.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 27/02/1457
(due) 17/04/1457 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Banns (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
John Bonore (m) Plaintiff
John Kente (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Defendant
John Wydeslade (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Ralph Snelleston (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Frost (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Lake (m) Servant London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 304d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Damages awarded: 26s 8d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Loughton and Robert Colwych, executors of Ralph Holand, state that on 23 October 1449 William Bury made a bond with RH in £4 19s, but has not paid, either to RH during his lifetime or to his executors, to their damage of 20m. They show the bond in court, and the testamentary letters of RH, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: WB states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at octave of the Purification. Pledges named. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter. Jury in respite to octave of Trinity 1460.

Postea text: Parties come, WB admits plea and that he owes this debt. Order that executors recover debt, and damages at 26s 8d. At this, the executors remit the debt of £4 19s, WB quit of this sum.

Postea text: Executors acknowledge satisfaction of damages. WB quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 23/10/1449
(due) 02/02/1450 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) Official
John Bury (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Grey (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Holand (m) dec. Citizen Tailor London < England Testator
Richard Eston (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Colwych (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Loughton (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Bury (m) Gentleman Great Leighs < Essex < England Defendant
William Stonham (m) Gentleman Colchester < Essex < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 307

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Lincolnshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Helpston states that on 9 November 1448 Henry Hauley, now deceased, made a bond with him and a certain Paul Willy and John Forde, both now deceased, in 40s, payable at Christmas 1449. However, HH did not pay this debt, and neither has John Sutbury, to whom administration of the goods of HH was granted at Louth by John Warde, official of John, Bishop of Lincoln. This is to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: Sutbury granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/11/1448
(due) 25/12/1449 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Hauley (m) dec. Gentleman Tetney < Lincolnshire < England Intestator
John Chedworth (m) Bishop Lincoln [diocese] Official
John Douson (m) Attorney of defendant
John Forde (m) dec. London < England Creditor
John Helpston (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
John Sutbury (m) Clerk Louth < Lincolnshire < England Administrator, Defendant
John Warde (m) Official
Paul Willy (m) dec. Tailor London < England Creditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 313d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Gaylard states that on 19 August 1437 Richard Crukern made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RC states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at Easter one month.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 19/08/1437
(due) 29/09/1437 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bevyn (m) Attorney of defendant
John Brokhampton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Gaylard (m) Plaintiff
Richard Crukern (m) Gentleman Childhay < Dorset < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 315

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: William Oston states that at Pentecost 1454 Ralph Blaunderhasset borrowed 40s from him, to be repaid on request. However, he has not paid this, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: RB states that he does not owe JO this or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Dionis Backchurch < Langbourn Ward < London < England (initial) 09/06/1454
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Colyns (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Ralph Blaunderhasset (m) Gentleman (lately of) Hales < Norfolk < England Defendant
Thomas Wulvysby (m) Attorney of defendant
William Oston (m) Citizen London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 317

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Somerset
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Isabel, widow of Thomas Chedder, states that on 2 February 1458 Thomas Thorndon made a bond with her in £21, payable at All Saints 1459, but has not paid, to her damage of £20. She shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TT granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Case notes: See also CP 40/799, rots 408 and rot 408d - same events, different damages claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Cheddar < Somerset < England (initial) 02/02/1458
(due) 01/11/1459 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Isabel Chedder (f) Plaintiff
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Chedder (m) dec. Esquire Other
Thomas Thorndon (m) Citizen Draper London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 334

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond; Safe keeping

Pleading: Hugh Pakenham, executor of Thomas Reke, and William Laken and his wife Sybil, widow and co-executor of Thomas Reke, state that on 11 July 1448 William Mirfeld made a bond with TR and a certain Thomas Shipton (who died during TR's lifetime) in £6, payable at the feast of the Purification then next. Also, on 3 August 1457, WM made another bond with TR in another 46s, payable at Pentecost then next. However, WM has not paid either of these sums, not to TR and TS, or to TR after the death of TS, or to the plaintiffs after the death of TR, to their damage of 20m. They show the bonds in court, along with the testamentary letters of TR, by which HP and Sybil have executry and administration.

Pleading: WM states that the bond for 66s (sic) was not of his making. Parties on country. And regarding the bond for £6, he states that it was made and sealed as a schedule, to be delivered to William Worthlet, broker, for safe-keeping, under certain conditions, namely that if William M and Walter Mirfeld, his father, should, before the said feast of Pentecost, make and deliver to TR and TS a certain bond by which they were bound to TR and TS in £6 payable at the said feast of Pentecost, then the bond shown in court should remain in the safe-keeping of WW. William M states that he and his father did make and deliver to TR and TS a bond in £6, payable to TR and TS, before the said feast, and thus the bond shown in court is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to Easter five weeks 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 11/07/1448
(due) 02/02/1449 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 03/08/1457
(due) 21/05/1458 < Pentecost
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Pakenham (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Sybil Reke alias Sybil Laken (f) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Rykes alias Thomas Ryke alias Thomas Reke (m) dec. Citizen Mercer London < England Testator
Thomas Skypton alias Thomas Skipton alias Thomas Shipton (m) dec. Gentleman London < England Creditor
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Walter Mirfeld (m) Other
William Laken (m) Plaintiff
William Meryfeld alias William Mirfeld (m) Gentleman (lately of) Exeter < Devon < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
William Worthlet (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 337

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £1000
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate; Safe keeping

Pleading: William Laton, appearing by his guardian Edward Wysetowe, states that William Laton, his grandfather, was formerly seised of the manor of Dalemain with appurtenances in Cumberland, and of 16 messuages, 110 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow and 20 acres of wood with appurtenances in Newbiggin, Stainton and Aldby in Cumberland, all in his demesne as of fee, and also of a bag containing charters and documents relating to this manor and land. He died thus seised, and the property passed to WL the plaintiff, as grandson and heir, son of Thomas, son of WL the grandfather. However, on 20 May 1451, the bag and charters came into the possession of John Whelpdale, and despite requests he has refused to return them to WL junior, to his damage of £1000

Pleading: The same JW was summoned by another writ to answer Agnes Laton, on same plea. She states that on 20 November 1448 she delivered this bag with charters to Marmaduke, then Bishop of Carlisle, for safe-keeping, to be returned on request. However, the bishop then died, having appointed JW as his executor, and the bag and charters came into his possession on 20 May 1451. However, neither the bishop nor JW have returned the bag, to her damage of £1000.

Pleading: JW appears by attorney to answer both pleas. He presents the bag in court, to be delivered to whichever of WL or AL the court orders. He states that this is the bag with charters which both plaintiffs seek, and that it came into his hands on 20 May 1451 as executor of Bishop Marmaduke, amongst other goods of the bishop; however, he does not know whether it ought to belong to WL or AL, and asks that they discuss this. The court orders that AL make the first response to WL.

Pleading: AL granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of WL.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Case notes: Places all in parish of Dacre.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/11/1448
Location of Property Dalemain < Cumberland < England
Detention of Goods St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/05/1451
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Agnes Laton (f) Widow Plaintiff
Christopher Horbury (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Edward Wysetowe (m) Guardian Attorney of plaintiff
John Whelpdale (m) Clerk Lichfield < Staffordshire < England Defendant, Executor
Marmaduke Lumley (m) dec. Bishop Carlisle [diocese] Other, Testator
Thomas Hethe (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Laton (m) dec. Other
William Laton (m) Other
William Laton (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 340

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment; Loan

Pleading: Thomas Reyner states that on 16 April 1457 Thomas Cardyffe made a bond with him in 35s 8d, payable at the Nativity of St John the Baptist then next, and also borrowed a further 4s 4d, payable on request. However, TC has not paid this total of 40s, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TC granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of TR.

Pleading: [continued at Trinity 1460, rot 125] TC states that, regarding the 4s 4d loan, he does not owe TR this or any money as claimed. Order that he wager his law at quindene of Michaelmas; pledges named. Attorney to have him here. Regarding the 35s 8d bond, he states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by TR and his associates in Southwark, and was forced to make the bond under duress.

Pleading: TP denies this, stating that TC made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of Surrey to have jury of Southwark here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1460.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/798, rot 125.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Peter Westcheap < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 16/04/1457
Bond St Peter Westcheap < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 16/04/1457
(due) 24/06/1457 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Imprisonment Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 16/04/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Richard Markham (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Richard Slendon (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Cardyffe (m) Brewer (lately of) Southwark < Surrey < England Defendant
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Rayner jnr alias Thomas Reyner (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 343

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: Gerard van Delff states that on 1 August 1458 he delivered certain chattels to Nicholas Bollard for safe-keeping, namely 1200 ells of linen cloth worth £40. These were to be returned on request, but NB has refused to return them to Gerard, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: NB states that he does not detain these goods or any part of them as claimed. Makes his law instantly. Order that Gerard take nothing, but is amerced for false claim. NB sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 01/08/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gerard van Delff (m) Plaintiff
Nicholas Bollard (m) Shipman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 344d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Yorkshire
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Abbot of St Mary's, Kirkstall, states that Richard Yarom acted as his receiver from Easter 1458 for one year, and during that time, at Kirkstall, he received £10 from the hands of Simon Nore, to the trade and profit of the abbot. For this he was to render reasonable account, but he has not done so, to the abbot's damage of £20.

Pleading: RY granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of the abbot.

Pleading: [continued at Easter 1460, rot 142d] RY states that he was never receiver for the abbot, not for this £10 or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: [on CP 40/797, rot 142d] Writ arrived too late, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which the pleading remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Later, on 16 October 1461 the abbot sought a writ to the sheriff of Yorkshire to re-summon RY to hear the jury, and to have the jury here; this was granted, returnable at the octave of Martinmas 1461.

Case notes: Badly damaged by water. Continued on CP 40/797, rot 142d, which is in much better condition.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract Kirkstall < Yorkshire < England (initial) 02/04/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Wheteley (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Yarom (m) Mercer London < England Defendant
Simon Nore (m) Other
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of defendant
William Grayson (m) Abbot Kirkstall [abbey] Kirkstall < Yorkshire < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 344d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Aleyn and Ralph Ameas state that on 17 May 1458 William Canynges junior, now deceased, made a bond with them in £80 7s 11d, payable on the vigil of the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1459. They were satisfied of £27 of this debt, but they have not received the remaining £53 7s 11d, either from WC junior or from William Canynges, his executor, to their damage of 40m. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: William Canynges, the executor of William Canynges junior, granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of plaintiffs.

Pleading: [continued at Easter 1460, rot 148d] WC, the executor, states that on the day of the plaintiffs' original writ he had made full administration of all the goods and chattels formerly of WC the testator on the day of his death, and had none left in his hands then or ever afterwards.

Pleading: JA and RA state that on the day of their original writ, namely 5 October 1459, WC the executor still had various goods and chattels formerly of WC the testator in his hands and not administered sufficient to pay this debt, namely in the parish of St Matthew Friday Street, Farringdon ward Within, London. Enquiry on country, jury here at quindene of Trinity.

Postea text: [on Cp 40/797, rot 148d] Process continued, jury in respite to morrow of All Souls, nisi prius they come before John Prysot, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on 27 October 1460. ON this day WC executor came, justices sent record that on that day, before JP and Thomas Freman, justices, parties came, jury came, JA and RA did not prosecute their writ. Order that JA, RA and their pledges are amerced. WC executor sent without day.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/797, rot 148d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Matthew Friday Street < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 17/05/1458
(due) 23/06/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Aleyn (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
Ralph Ameas (m) Plaintiff
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of defendant
William Canynges jnr (m) dec. Gentleman (lately of) Bristol < Bristol < England Testator
William Canynges (m) Merchant (lately of) Bristol < Bristol < England Defendant, Executor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 352

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Hunte states that on 20 November 1459 Martin Blower borrowed 40s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this sum, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: MB granted licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/11/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Hunte (m) Painter London < England Plaintiff
Martin Blower (m) Corviser King's Lynn < Norfolk < England Defendant
Thomas Kellowe (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 361d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: Yorkshire
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £30
Case type: Breach of Statute; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Richard Wright amerced for many defaults. Robert Dunkan, citing the terms of the statute of 1422 against the creation and use of false documents to disturb possession of lands [1 Henry V, c. 3], states that on 20 April 1454, at York, Richard Wright made various false deeds and muniments concerning his lands at Ellerby and Borrowby in Whitby Strand, namely a false deed by which it was supposed that RD granted to RW in perpetuity three messuages, three tofts, eight crofts, twelve bovates of land, eight acres of meadow, six acres of pasture and four acres of woodland in these places, and another false deed by which RD quitclaimed all his rights in these properties. These were made to disturb his possession of these lands, and he has been greatly troubled as a result. This was in contempt of the king, against the form of the statute and to his damage of £30.

Pleading: RW granted licence to imparl, to quindene of Easter, with assent of RD.

Postea text: 2 further licences to imparl, to quindene of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Breach of Statute
Charter
York < Yorkshire < England (initial) 20/04/1454
Location of Property Borrowby < Yorkshire < England
Location of Property Ellerby < Yorkshire < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Leonard Knyght (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Wright (m) Goldsmith London < England Defendant
Robert Dunkan (m) Plaintiff
William Styllyngton (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Fulbourne states that on 12 February 1452 Roger Landen made a bond with him in 50m, but has not paid, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RL states that this bond is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Easter. Pledges named. Bond to remain in custody of Henry Fylonghley. TF appoints Robert [lost] as his attorney.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Michaelmas 1460. On this day, TF came, RL did not come, in default. Jury in respite to octave of Hilary, as did not come.

Postea text: Jury in respite again, as did not come. [Entry badly damaged and fragmentary, but refers to the seizure of the throne by Edward IV before the next term, and the suing out of another writ as a result. Various further posteas, all incomplete, but no final verdict reached].

Case notes: Entry badly damaged and incomplete.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Crooked Lane < Candlewick Street Ward < London < England (initial) 12/02/1452
(due) 25/03/1453 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Annunciation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
[lost] Hornyngtoft (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Fylonghley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Lok (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert [missing] (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Gysborgh (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Porton (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Landen (m) Bell Maker Wokingham < Berkshire < England Defendant
Thomas Fulbourne (m) Citizen Stockfishmonger London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: William Penbrigge states that on 9 May 1458 Richard Godewyn made a bond with him in 6m, payable at Michaelmas then next, and also borrowed a further 12m from him, payable on request. However, he has not paid either debt, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RG granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/05/1458
(due) 29/09/1458 < Michaelmas
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 09/05/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Huet (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Muls[...] (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Godewyn (m) Husbandman (lately of) Clapham < Surrey < England Defendant
William Curteys (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Medewe (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Penbrigge (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 378d

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: []
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Bale, by attorney [name omitted], states that on 15 March 1457, in London [parish and ward omitted], William Durant made a bond with him in £15, payable at Michaelmas next, but has not paid, to his damage of [omitted].

Pleading: WD granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond London < England (initial) 15/03/1457
(due) 29/09/1457 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Robert Bale (m) Citizen Scrivener London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant
William Durant (m) Gentleman London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/796, rot. 382

Term: Hilary 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas Higdon states that on 12 March 1459 John Haryngton made a bond with him in £5, but has not paid, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JH granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter, with assent of TH.

Postea text: Further licence to imparl, to octave of Trinity 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 12/03/1459
(due) 29/09/1459 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Haryngton (m) Esquire Fleet < Lincolnshire < England Defendant
Robert Corff (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Folkynham (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Higdon (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff