CP40/798
Trinity term 1460

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Jonathan Mackman and Matthew Stevens

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2010

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'CP40/798: Trinity term 1460', Court of common pleas: The National Archives, CP40: 1399-1500 (2010). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=118129 Date accessed: 20 November 2014.


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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 105
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 108
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 110d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 112d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 115
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 123
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 123d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 126
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 126d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 129d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 130
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 130d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 132
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 132d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 134
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 139d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 141
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 142d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 143d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 145d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 146
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 150
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 151
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 171
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 186
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 186d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 188d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 202
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 202d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 207
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 207
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 208
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 208d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 238
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 245d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 258d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 259d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 263
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 269d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 270
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 270d
Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 274

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 105

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Bekyngham, by the privileges enjoyed by officials of this court, states that at All Saints 1456 William Hynkeley borrowed 100s from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: WH admits the debt as claimed. Order that JB recover debt against WH, and damages of 13s 4d. WH amerced, and committed to the Fleet prison.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 01/11/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Bekyngham (m) Attorney Common Pleas Plaintiff
William Hynkeley (m) Butcher (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 108

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Kent
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Housebreaking; Trespass (chattels)

Pleading: Edward Brook states that on 3 February 1458 Leonard Bonasigue, John de Pounte, Symon Nory, Antony Delitian and Bartholomew Slate, together with Lewis Stroysse, forcibly broke his close at Cliffe and destroyed his growing grass ('herbam') to a value of £20. This was against the peace, and to his damage of £200.

Pleading: The defendants deny force and arms; parties on country. Regarding the rest, they state that the close and the place where the alleged trespass occurred was two acres of marsh in the parish of Cliffe called Cooling marsh, which land Thomas, prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, was seised in his demesne as of fee by right of his church long before the alleged trespass. Thus seised, on 1 December 1456, he demised these two acres of marsh to a certain John Dunstan of Cliffe for a term of three years, at an annual rent of 2s, payable at Michaelmas. By virtue of this demise, JD possessed this land. However, EB, claiming this marsh by virtue of a certain deed of demise made to him earlier by the said prior for the term of his life, even though none of this land was ever transferred to EB by virtue of this deed, entered the property at the time of this alleged trespass. Then the defendants, as servants of JD and on his orders, came with JD and entered the close and grazed their animals, as was their right.

Pleading: EB states that the close and land regarding which he brought this case are 14 acres of marsh called 'Redehayes' in the parish of Cliffe, different from the two acres called Cooling Marsh, and since the defendants have not responded on this he seeks judgment.

Pleading: The defendants deny responsibility for any trespass in this 14 acres of marsh called 'Redehayes', as claimed by EB. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Postea text: Parties come, sheriff did nothing, did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to quindene of Hilary 1461, when case adjourned to Easter one month 1461, before which pleading left without day after Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 16 October 1461, EB sought writ to the sheriff of Kent to re-attach the plaintiffs, and to re-summon the jury. This is granted, returnable at the octave of Hilary 1462, the sheriff not to omit anything on account of the liberty of the Archbishop of Canterbury or others.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to Easter one month 1462

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Easter three weeks 1464. Parties came, jury said that the defendants were not responsible for any trespass on the 14 acres of marsh called 'Redehayes'. Defendants quit, EB amerced for false claim.

Events
Type Place Date
Destruction of Chattels
House-breaking
Cliffe < Kent < England (initial) 03/02/1458
Rental Agreement Cliffe < Kent < England (initial) 01/12/1456
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Anthony Delitian (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Bartholomew Slate (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Edward Brook (m) Knight Plaintiff
John Aglond (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Huet (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Pounte (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Leonard Bonasigue (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
Lewis Stroysse (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Accessory
Robert Gisburgh (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Symon Nory (m) Merchant (lately of) London < England Defendant
William Langton (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 110d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Wrightbold states that on 16 December 1457 Thomas Dodyngton made a bond with him in £4 9s 8d, payable at the Nativity of St John the Baptist next. Also, on 12 March 1459 TD made another bond with him in £13 5s, payable at Christmas then next. Of this total of £17 14s 8d RW acknowledges satisfaction of £3 14s 8d, but TD has not paid RW the remaining £14, to his damage of £20. He shows the bonds in court.

Pleading: TD granted licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of RW.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 16/12/1457
(due) 24/06/1458 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 12/03/1459
(due) 25/12/1459 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Wydeslade jnr (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Wrightbold (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Dodyngton (m) Citizen Tailor London < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 112d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £50
Case type: Taking of goods

Pleading: Gerard Vandelf states that on 30 January 1459, in London, Nicholas Bollard, together with John Mathiesson, forcibly took from him and carried away 1200 ells of linen cloth worth £40, against the peace and to his damage of £50.

Pleading: NB granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 120] NB denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Easter, before which day plea remained without day as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. In Trinity term 1461, GV sought a writ to the sheriff of London to re-attach NB and to re-summon the jury, and this was granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 120.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 30/01/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Gerard Vandelf (m) Plaintiff
John Mathiesson (m) Shipman (lately of) London < England Accessory
Nicholas Bollard (m) Shipman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Alcok (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Flegge (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 115

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: Thomas Niche states that Thomas atte Wode was receiver for him in the parish of St Margaret Lothbury in London from 4 March 1457 for one month, and during that time received for him, by the hands of John Clerk of Wye, £8 18s 10d to the trade and profit of TN, for which he was to render reasonable account. However, TW has refused to render this to TN, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: TW states that he was never receiver for TN as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of St John the Baptist.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Michaelmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Margaret Lothbury < Coleman Street Ward < London < England (initial) 04/03/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Clerk (m) Wye < Kent < England Other
John Goldwell (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas atte Wode (m) Chapman (lately of) Wye < Kent < England Defendant
Thomas Niche (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 123

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: Robert Enges states that on 12 March 1459 William Ordo made a bond with him in 43s 4d, payable at Easter then next, and also borrowed a further 16s 8d, payable on request. However, he has not paid any of this 60s, to his damage of 40s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WO granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of RE. Pledges named for defendant.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Leonard Eastcheap < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 12/03/1459
(due) 25/03/1459 < Easter
Loan St Leonard Eastcheap < Bridge Ward < London < England (initial) 12/03/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alexander Ordo (m) Other
Geoffrey Talbot (m) Gentleman Lyng < Somerset < England Surety for defendant
John Symond (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant
John Thomas (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Enges (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Adams (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Samay (m) Salter London < England Surety for defendant
William Ordo (m) Butcher London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 123d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Devon
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Walter Reynell, former escheator of Devon and Cornwall, states that on 9 February 1453 John Radford made a bond with him in £40, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JR states that WR ought not maintain his action, as this bond was endorsed under certain conditions, namely that if JR should exonerate and acquit WR of £20 at the Exchequer towards the issues of his bailiwick, assigned by the Treasurer by a certain tally dated 4 December 1452, and if WR should immediately seek allowance of this tally before the Barons of the Exchequer, then the bond shall be cancelled. He states that John, earl of Worcester, was Treasurer on the said 4 December 1452, and on 11 February 1453, at Westminster, WR appeared with JR before Peter Ardern and his fellow barons of the Exchequer regarding the issues of his time as escheator of Devon and Cornwall, namely from Michaelmas 1451 to Michaelmas 1452, having the tally by the hand of William Slyngesby, and sought allowance of this tally to him and WR. He sought his allowance, but WR did not make his request.

Pleading: WR states that on 11 February 1453 he sought allowance of this £20 upon this tally before the barons, but they would not allow it.

Pleading: JR states that WR did not seek allowance on the tally before the Barons as claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of Middlesex to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to morrow of Purification 1461, when pleading adjourned to Easter one month 1461, before which date pleading remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 17 June 1461, WR sought two writs, one to the sheriff of Devon to re-summon JR and one to the sheriff of Middlesex to have the jury here. These granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: Parties come, sheriff of Devon did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Malston < Devon < England (initial) 09/02/1453
(due) 01/04/1453 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Hoppyng (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Radeford (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Tiptoft (m) Earl Treasurer Worcester [earldom] Official
Peter Ardern (m) Chief Baron of the Exchequer Exchequer [court] Official
Walter Reynell (m) Escheator Devon and Cornwall [county] Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 126

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Skelton states that on 12 February 1451, at Westminster, Henry Croker bought from him 4 yards of woollen cloth called musterdvilers, 2½ yards of woollen cloth called russet, 1¼ yards of blue woollen cloth and 8¼ yards of white woollen cloth for 40s, payable on request. However, HC has not paid this, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: HC granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/02/1451
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Croker (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
Philip Squery (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Robert Heth (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Skelton (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 126d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Suffolk
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £40
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William Wylflete, dean of the collegiate church of St John the Baptist at Stoke by Clare, and the college of the same, state that a certain Thomas Barneslay, former dean, and the then college of Stoke by Clare, were seised of an annual rent of 32s by virtue of this house from John Wakeryng, master of St Bartholomew's hospital in West Smithfield, London and parson of Little Wakeryng, payable each year at Stoke at Michaelmas and Easter in equal portions. This had been paid to the former dean and college and all their predecessors by Wakeryng and all his predecessors as parson of Little Wakering. However, 18 years before the date of the plaintiffs' original writ, dated 17 October 1458, JW, the present master withdrew this payment, and has refused to pay this, to the damage of the plaintiffs of £40.

Pleading: JW granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of WW and college.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 485] JW states that WW ought not maintain his action, since the place where the college is situated was formerly a conventual priory known commonly as the priory of Clare, containing religious persons, namely a prior John and various Benedictine monks, of the patronage of Edmund Mortimer, formerly earl of March. Henry V, at the request of the earl, by letters patent enrolled in chancery, dated at Westminster on 16 October 1414, granted the earl letters patent to erect a college to the honour of God and St John the Baptist, for certain secular people, namely a dean and canons [details given; see CPR 1413-16, pp.291-2]. Later, the priory was vacated by the deaths of the prior and monks, and the earl, by this licence and those of Pope Martin and John, then bishop of Norwich, ordinary of that house, founded the college from the priory, making Thomas Barneslay the dean. Thus it was not the case that TB and all his predecessors as deans were seised of this annual rent by right of their college, of the hands of JW and his predecessors, parsons of Little Wakering, as the dean and college have claimed.

Pleading: The dean and college state that the former dean and college and all their predecessors were seised of this rent by virtue of their house, as they have claimed. Enquiry by country, sheriff of either Suffolk or Essex to have jury here at quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 485] Jury in respite to Easter three weeks 1461, before when plea remained without day as Edward IV removed Henry VI from power. On 17 June 1461 WW sought a writ to the sheriff of Suffolk to re-summon JW, and other writs to the sheriffs of Suffolk and Essex to have the jurors here; these were granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to Easter three weeks 1462. Dean and college come by attorney, JW in person, juries of Suffolk and Essex both come. JW, retracting his earlier plea, states that he cannot deny the action, and that TB and his predecessors were seised of this annual rent as claimed by WW, and that he owes the aforesaid £28 16s. Order that the dean and college recover the debt, both that due before the date of the original writ and that incurred since, and damages assigned at 13s 4d. This amounts in total to £34 5s 4d. JW amerced. Dean and college here in court remit the arrears and damages, and JW quit.

Case notes: For an earlier stage of this plea see CP 40/741, rot 314. Continued on CP 40/799, rot 485.

Events
Type Place Date
Annuity Stoke by Clare < Suffolk < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Huntyngdon (m) Attorney of defendant
John Martyn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wakeryng (m) Master of House, Parson St Bartholomew's Hospital [hospital] Little Wakering < Essex < England alias West Smithfield < London < England Defendant
Thomas Barneslay (m) Dean Stoke By Clare [collegiate church] Stoke by Clare < Suffolk < England Other
William Wylflete (m) Dean Stoke By Clare [collegiate church] Stoke by Clare < Suffolk < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 129d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Haydok amerced for many defaults. Thomas Broun states that on 10 November 1455 William Haydok made a bond with him in £120, but has not paid, to his damage of £40. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WH granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Thanington < Kent < England (initial) 10/11/1455
(due) 30/11/1458 < St Andrew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Miller (m) Attorney of defendant
Robert Fekenham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Broun (m) Knight Plaintiff
William Haydok (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 130

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Hertfordshire
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: []
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John More states that on 20 May 1458 Peter de Berne borrowed £20 from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: PB acknowledges that he owes JM 8m of this £20 as claimed. Order that JM recover this 8m from PB, and damages assessed at [omitted]. Concerning the remaining 22m, he states that he does not owe this 22m or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas. At the request of JM, PB is committed to the Fleet prison, to remain until he has satisfied JM of the said 8m and damages.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Albans < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 20/05/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John More (m) Plaintiff
Peter Ferne alias Peter Berne (m) Gascon Merchant London < England alias (lately of) London < England Defendant
Thomas Lamberd (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 130d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Housebreaking

Pleading: Henry Grey states that on 26 November 1459 John Hevaut forcibly broke into his house in London, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JH granted licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of HG. Pledges named for defendant.

Postea text: HG came by attorney, JH did not come, but since it was not known what damage HG suffered in this incident, and the justices wish to be better informed before they proceed to judgment on this default, the sheriff is ordered to enquire of good men within his bailiwick concerning the damages suffered by HG in this trespass, and the costs of his suit, and return this at the octave of Hilary next. Same day given to HG. Pledges to be taken.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking St Anne and St Agnes < Aldersgate Ward < London < England (initial) 26/11/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Alan Newman (m) Gold-beater London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Grey (m) Esquire Plaintiff
John Hevaut (m) Tiler London < England Defendant
Richard Clough (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard Davy (m) Brewer London < England Surety for defendant
William Kyrkeby (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Randolf (m) Pewterer London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 132

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Essex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Nele, master of the hospital of St Thomas the Martyr of Acon in London, states that 20 April 1460, at a place called 'St Thomas mill' in West Ham, John Rayfeld, abbot of Stratford Langthorne, took and unjustly detained two horses belonging to JN, contrary to his pledge and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: The abbot states that the taking of the horses was just, since at the time of the detention the master was seised by right of his house of this mill and 8 acres of meadow to the west of the mill in West Ham, of which the place concerned was a parcel, which mill and meadow was formerly the property of Leofwin Richeman and afterwards of John Richeman [details of precise location of the mill and mill pond given], held of the abbot as of his monastery by fealty and a rent of 15s payable at Easter and Michaelmas in equal portions. However, this rent was in arrears for two years before the detention, amounting to 30s, so the abbot justifiably detained the horses from this property.

Pleading: Master JN states that the abbot should not have taken the animals, as the mill and meadow were outside the fee and demesne of the said abbot.

Pleading: The abbot states that the mill and meadow were within his fee and demesne, and not outside, as the master alleges. Enquiry by country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which date the pleading remained without day as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 17 June 1461, the master came and sought a writ to the sheriff of Essex to re-summon the abbot and jury. This was granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Case notes: Presumably the same event as cited on CP 40/798, rot 132d, but here claimed to have taken place at a different location in West Ham.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement West Ham < Essex < England
Detention of Goods West Ham < Essex < England (initial) 20/04/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Nele (m) Master of House St Thomas of Acon [hospital] London < England Plaintiff
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Rayfeld (m) Abbot Stratford Langthorne [abbey] Stratford Langthorne < Essex < England Defendant
John Richeman (m) Other
Leofwin Richeman (m) Other
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 132d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Essex
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Detention of goods; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Nele, master of the hospital of St Thomas the Martyr of Acon in London, states that 20 April 1460, at a place called 'le Hope in Forewelde' in West Ham, John Rayfeld, abbot of Stratford Langthorne, took and unjustly detained two horses belonging to JN, contrary to his pledge and to his damage of £10.

Pleading: The abbot states that the taking of the horses was just, since at the time of the detention the master was seised by right of his house of 3 hopes of meadow with appurtenances in West Ham, where the place concerned is and was a parcel, of which two hopes lay to the west of the street leading from the western part of the abbot's mill named 'St Thomas mill' to the causeway which leads from Stratford at Bow to Chelmsford, and lay next to the meadow of the master to the north, and the third of which lay in a place called the 'forewelle' to the south of the causeway, which hopes were held of the abbot by fealty and rent of 2s per year, payable at Easter and Michaelmas, and owing suit of court at the abbot's manor of Sudbury in West Ham four times per year. Abbot William, the present abbot's predecessor, was seised of this rent, but since it was in arrears by two years, and he was owed 4s, the present abbot seized the horses, as was his right.

Pleading: Master JN states that the abbot should not have taken the animals, as the three hopes of meadow were outside the fee and demesne of the said abbot.

Pleading: The abbot states that the mill and meadow were within his fee and demesne, and not outside, as the master alleges. Enquiry by country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Hilary 1461, when pleading adjourned to quindene of Easter 1461, before which date the pleading remained without day as Edward IV had removed Henry VI from the throne. Afterwards, on 17 June 1461, the master came and sought a writ to the sheriff of Essex to re-summon the abbot and jury. This was granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Case notes: Presumably the same event as cited on CP 40/798, rot. 132, but here claimed to have taken place at a different location in West Ham.

Events
Type Place Date
Detention of Goods West Ham < Essex < England (initial) 20/04/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Nele (m) Master of House St Thomas of Acon [hospital] London < England Plaintiff
John Quyk (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Rayfeld (m) Abbot Stratford Langthorne [abbey] Stratford Langthorne < Essex < England Defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 134

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 6m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Memorandum that Walter Ingeham came into court on 18 June this term and presented the following bill. Walter Ingeham seeks of Thomas Kellow, one of the attorneys of the bench, £5 which he owes and unjustly detains. WI states that on 26 September 1459 TK made a bond with him at Westminster in £5, but has not paid, to his damage of 6m. He shows the bond in court. Pledges to prosecute named.

Pleading: TK granted licence to imparl, to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of WI.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 26/09/1459
(due) 01/11/1459 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Holme (m) Surety of Plaintiff
John Frost (m) Surety other
Thomas Kellow (m) Gentleman Attorney Common Pleas [court] London < England Defendant
Walter Ingeham (m) Gentleman London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 139d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Mylton states that on 3 August 1454 William Colton, now deceased, made a bond with him in £9 11s, payable at Christmas then next. However, he has not paid, and neither have his executors, Stephen Spryngold and Richard Adam, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: SS and RA, executors of WC, state that they had made full administration of all the goods and chattels which belonged to WC on the date of his death before the date of JM's original writ, and had nothing left in their hands on that day or afterwards.

Pleading: JM states that on the day of his original writ, namely 8 January 1460, the executors had various goods formerly of WC still in their hands to the value of this debt, namely in the parish of All Hallows Bread Street, Bread Street ward, London. Enquiry by country, Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 03/08/1454
(due) 25/12/1454 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Mylton (m) Citizen Skinner London < England Plaintiff
John Nunne (m) Attorney of defendant
John Payn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Adam (m) Tanner St Albans < Hertfordshire < England Defendant, Executor
Stephen Spryngold (m) Barber (lately of) St Albans < Hertfordshire < England Defendant, Executor
William Colton (m) dec. Yeoman St Albans < Hertfordshire < England Testator

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 141

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: William Grosman states that on 15 February 1457 William Messanger made a bond with him in £11, payable on Christmas Eve then next, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m.

Pleading: WM granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of WG. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 141d] WM states that he ought not owe this debt, as WG, in the parish of St Andrew Holborn in London, had made such great threats against his life and injury to his body unless he made this bond that he made the bond out of fear of those threats.

Pleading: WG denies this, stating that WM made the bond freely and not through fear of any threats. Enquiry by country, jury here at Michaelmas one month. Pledges named.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 141d] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1460.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 141d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 15/02/1457
(due) 24/12/1457
Assault St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 15/02/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Adelard (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Adelard (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Barbour (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Barbour (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Everey (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Everey (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Grosman (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Messanger (m) Clerk Parson Chelsea [church] Chelsea < Middlesex < England Defendant
William Porter (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Porter (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 142d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: John Fox states that on 26 January 1459 John Gardyner made a bond with him in £14 3s 4d, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JG states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by JF and his associates in the parish of St Michael Bassishaw, London, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: JF denies this, stating that JG made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Benet Sherehog < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 26/01/1459
(due) 29/09/1459
Imprisonment St Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England (initial) 26/01/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Fox (m) Grocer London < England Plaintiff
John Gardyner (m) Brewer (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Smalle (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Peter Staynford (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 143d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Teylowe states that on 31 August 1458 William Hewelet made a bond with him in £6, but has not paid, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WH asks to hear the bond and endorsement, and these are read. The condition of the bond is such that if the within-obliged John Cossall, William [presumably WH], William [no surname given], John Wodeward and Richard [no surname given] should pay JT 20s at All Saints next [1459], 20s at Christmas, 20s at Lady Day [1459], 20s at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1459, 20s at Michaelmas 1459 and 20s at Christmas, then the bond shall be cancelled, otherwise it shall remain in force. He states that JT's action ought not continue, as he paid JT all these sums as contained in the endorsement, in the parish of St Nicholas Shambles in London.

Pleading: JT, protesting that WH has not paid any of the sums of money contained in the endorsement, states that WH did not pay him the 20s which he should have paid at the Nativity of St John the Baptist aforesaid, according to the terms of the endorsement.

Pleading: WH states that he did pay JT this 20s according to the terms of the endorsement. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to morrow of All Souls 1460.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Benet Sherehog < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 31/08/1458
(due) 01/11/1458 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Hugh Wether (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Cossall (m) Debtor
John Smalle (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Stoure (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Teylowe (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Wodeward (m) Debtor
Nicholas Syngey (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Richard [omitted] (m) Debtor
Thomas Passaiaunt (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William [omitted] (m) Debtor
William Hewelet (m) Citizen Butcher London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 145d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Richard Quatermayns states that on 20 October 1455 Roger Fastnam made a bond with him in £20, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RF states that he ought not owe this debt, as before the making of the bond, on 10 October 1455, at Maidenhead in Berkshire, he was threatened by RQ and unknown others of his association that unless he made a bond in this sum he would be imprisoned, after which he made this bond out of fear and under duress.

Pleading: RQ denies this, stating that RF made the bond freely and not following threats of imprisonment by him or anyone of his association.

Pleading: RF states that RQ made great threats against him at Maidenhead on that day, unless he made this bond, as he claimed. Parties on country, sheriff of Berkshire to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Postea text: Sheriff of Berkshire did not send writ, to quindene of Hilary 1461.

Postea text: Jury in respite to quindene of Easter 1461, before which the plea remained without day, after Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. On 27 June 1461 RQ sought two writs, one to the sheriff of London, from where the original writ emanated, to re-summon RF to be here to hear the verdict, and one to the sheriff of Berkshire to have the jury here as before. These are granted, returnable at the quindene of Michaelmas 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Olave < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 20/10/1455
(due) 01/11/1455 < All Saints
Imprisonment Maidenhead < Berkshire < England (initial) 10/10/1455
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Fraunceys (m) Gentleman Maidenhead < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant
Richard Quaturmayns alias Richard Quatermayns (m) Esquire Plaintiff
Roger Fastnam (m) Yeoman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Defendant
Thomas Broun (m) Shearman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Gurney (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Kelowe (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Bulloke (m) Husbandman New Windsor < Berkshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 146

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Bysshop states that on 24 August 1459 Robert Chambre made a bond with him in 20m, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RC granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of JB. Pledges named.

Postea text: JB came, RC did not come, in default. Order that JB recover debt, and damages of 6s 8d. RC amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 24/08/1459
(due) 20/10/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bysshop (m) Gentleman Plaintiff
Richard Sumberby (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Chambre (m) Chapman Newport Pagnell < Buckinghamshire < England Defendant
Robert Corff (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Alberd (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William atte Well (m) Yeoman Stonebridge < Buckinghamshire < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 150

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Russell, clerk of John Ferrers, one of the clerks of the Bench, according to the privileges of officials of this court, states that Henry Hervy served as his receiver from 12 December 1458 for half a year, and during that time received 40s from Thomas Henley in London, to the trade and profit of WR. For this HH was to render reasonable account, but he has not done so, to his damage of 5m.

Pleading: HH states that he was never receiver for WR for this 40s or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 12/12/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Hervy (m) Dyer London < England Defendant
John Ferrers (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Other
William Russell (m) Clerk Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 151

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: John Teylowe states that on 17 August 1457 John Tyler made a bond with him in £11 13s 3¾d, payable a the feast of the Purification next, and also bought from him 100 ells of linen cloth called 'Holland cloth' for another 54s 8¼d, payable on request. However, he has not paid this total of £14 8s, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: John Tyler granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of plaintiff.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Benet Sherehog < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 17/08/1457
Bond St Benet Sherehog < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 17/08/1457
(due) 02/02/1458 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Monmouth (m) Attorney of defendant
John Smalle (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Teylowe (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
John Tyler (m) Grazier (lately of) Gloucester < Gloucestershire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 171

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Nicholas Hatton states that on 25 March 1458 he demised to John Donwich a messuage with appurtenances in West Ham to hold for two years at an annual rent of 4m, payable at the four usual terms. JD held this property for that period, and paid him the 13s 4d due at the first term, the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1458. However, he has not paid the remaining £4 13s 4d outstanding for the rest of this period, to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: JD granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 136d] JD states that NH did not demise this property to him in the form claimed. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of All Souls.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 136d] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 136d.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 25/03/1458
Location of Property West Ham < Essex < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Donwich (m) Yeoman West Ham < Essex < England Defendant
John Fulbrook alias John Fulbroke (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Hatton (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 186

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Hertfordshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Ralph Grey and John Souger state that on 28 October 1458, at Stocking Pelham, William Pake made two bonds with them, each in 40s, but has not paid either, to their damage of 10m. They show the bonds in court.

Pleading: WP states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by RG and JS and their associates in the parish of All Hallows the Great in Dowgate ward, London, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: RG and JS deny this, stating that WP made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of London to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Hilary 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Stocking Pelham < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 28/10/1458
(due) 01/08/1459 < St Peter ad Vincula
Bond Stocking Pelham < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 28/10/1458
(due) 03/05/1459 < Cross, Invention of
Imprisonment All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 28/10/1458
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Souger (m) Plaintiff
Ralph Grey (m) Plaintiff
Robert Plomer (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Pake (m) Citizen Fuller London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 186d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Hertfordshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Ralph Grey and John Souger state that on 28 October 1458, at Stocking Pelham, Thomas Creke made two bonds with them, each in 40s, but has not paid either, to their damage of 10m. They show the bonds in court.

Pleading: TC states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by RG and JS and their associates in the parish of All Hallows the Great in Dowgate ward, London, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: RG and JS deny this, stating that TC made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, sheriff of London to have jury here at quindene of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Stocking Pelham < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 28/10/1458
(due) 01/08/1459 < St Peter ad Vincula
Bond Stocking Pelham < Hertfordshire < England (initial) 28/10/1458
(due) 03/05/1459 < Cross, Invention of
Imprisonment All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 28/10/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Souger (m) Plaintiff
Ralph Grey (m) Plaintiff
Robert Plomer (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Creke (m) Citizen Fuller London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 188d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond); Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond; Loan

Pleading: Thomas Canyng states that on 4 August 1451 John Bluet made a bond with him in £11, payable at the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross then next, and also borrowed a further £25, payable on request. However, JB has not paid this total of £36, to his damage of 20m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JB granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of TC.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 142d] JB states that the bond in £11 is not of his making. Parties on country. Also, he states that he doe not owe TC the other £25 or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 142d] On 20 October 1461, bond returned to William Tasburgh aforesaid [sic], as process discontinued. John Fogge, now clerk of the bench, quit.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 142d.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 04/08/1451
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 04/08/1451
(due) 14/09/1451 < Cross, Exaltation of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Bluet (m) Esquire (lately of) London < England Defendant
John Fogge (m) Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
Richard Wulston alias Richard Wolson (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Canynges alias Thomas Canyng (m) Alderman, Citizen London < England Plaintiff
William Tasburgh (m) Other
William Thornburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Assault

Pleading: Richard Foweler states that on 1 September 1459 John Parys, together with Maurice Neweton, forcibly gathered together 20 unknown malefactors and disturbers of the king's peace, armed and arrayed for war, and lay in wait to kill RF at Cowley ('Church Cowley') in Oxfordshire, and beat, wounded and badly treated him and made such threats against his life and limbs at Tetsworth and caused such great injuries that he dared not go about his business, namely the collection of his rents and the supervision of his husbandry, for fear of death or injury for a month after that date, as a result of which his business remained undone. This was against the peace, and to his damage of £40.

Pleading: JP denies responsibility for this trespass as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at quindene of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Assault Cowley < Oxfordshire < England (initial) 01/09/1459
Assault Tetsworth < Oxfordshire < England (initial) 01/09/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Alderley (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
John Davy (m) Gentleman Oxford < Oxfordshire < England Surety for defendant
John Parys (m) Clerk Great Haseley < Oxfordshire < England Defendant
Maurice Neweton (m) Yeoman Great Haseley < Oxfordshire < England Accessory
Richard Foweler (m) Plaintiff
Robert Hoggys (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
William Stone (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Maunche states that on 19 May 1457 Simon Stephen made a bond with him in 56s 8d, but has not paid, to his damage of £10. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: SS granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of JM.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 19/05/1457
(due) 24/05/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Maunche (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
Simon Stephen (m) Miller Bromley < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas Hunt (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Torold (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 198d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Robert Gylle states that on 1 May 1459 John Kyghley made a bond with him in £4, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JK granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of RG.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 147d] JK states that he made a bond in that place on that day for £4, payable to RG on the condition that, whereas Richard Wodevile, Lord Rivers, was then indebted to John Gille, father of Robert in £350 10s 10d, if JK should, by his mediation and labour, get Lord Rivers to make a bond with John Arundell, bishop of Chichester in this £350 10s 10d, for the greater security of this debt, then the bond should be cancelled. JK states that he is a man of little learning, and the bond was read to him in English as containing this condition, and he, believing this, sealed it. He therefore says that this simple bond, not containing this clause, is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of Martinmas. Bond in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Hilary 1461.

Postea text: Writ arrived too late, to quindene of Easter 1461. Before that date, plea remained without day, as Edward IV removed Henry VI from the throne. On [date missing - section omitted from postea by scribe], RG sought writ to sheriff of London to re-summon JK and have jury here. Granted, returnable at Michaelmas three weeks.

Postea text: RG came, sheriff said JK had nothing, sheriff to take for octave of Hilary. Jury did not come, in respite to same term.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 147d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond All Hallows the Great < Dowgate Ward < London < England (initial) 01/05/1459
(due) 25/12/1459 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Henry Fylongley (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official
John Arundell (m) Bishop Chichester [diocese] Other
John Fulbroke (m) Attorney of defendant
John Gille (m) Other
John Kyghley (m) Gentleman (lately of) London < England Defendant
Richard Wodevile (m) Lord Rivers [barony] Other
Robert Gylle (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 202

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Reginald, prior of the priory of St Bartholomew in Smithfield, London, states that on 20 February 1441 William Blakwelle made a bond with him in 100m, payable at Michaelmas then next. The prior acknowledges payment of 40m of this, but WB has not paid him the remaining £40, to his damage of 40m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas. WB appoints John Ferrers as his attorney against the prior.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 108] WB states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the bond he was a lay man and of little learning, and that it was agreed between him and then prior that WB should seal a certain conditional bond for 100m, stating that if a certain Hugh Smyth should pay the prior £40, which HS owed to the prior, then the bond shall be cancelled. He states that the bond presented here was read to him at the time of its making as containing this condition, and he, believing this, sealed it and delivered it to the prior. Therefore this simple bond, without this condition, is not of his making. Parties on country, jury here at morrow of All Souls. Bond to remain in safe-keeping of Henry Fylongley.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 108] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1460.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 108.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/02/1441
(due) 29/09/1441 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Smyth (m) (lately of) Stanmore < Middlesex < England Other
John Ferrers (m) Attorney of defendant
Reginald Colyer (m) Prior St Bartholomew, Smithfield [priory] London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Blakwelle (m) Yeoman (lately of) Pinner < Middlesex < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 202d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Richard Lee and John Stokes state that on 28 April 1459 Richard Peverell made a bond with them in £50, but has not paid, to their damage of £10. They show the bond in court.

Pleading: RP granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 103] RP states that he ought not owe this debt, as at the time of the making of the bond he was imprisoned by RL and JS and their associates in the parish of St Stephen Walbrook, London, and kept there until he made the bond under duress.

Pleading: RL and JS deny this, stating that RP made the bond freely and not under duress. Enquiry by the country, jury here at Michaelmas one month.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 103] Sheriff did not send writ, to octave of Martinmas 1460.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 103.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 28/04/1459
(due) 22/07/1459
Imprisonment St Stephen Walbrook < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 28/04/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Stokes (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Lee (m) Alderman, Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Richard Peverell (m) Clothman East Bergholt < Suffolk < England Defendant
Robert Buxton (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 207

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: William Holman states that at Michaelmas 1445, at Westminster, he demised to John Walfrey a tenement in the parish of St Martin Orgar in London, to hold of him for 6 years, at an annual rent of 26s 8d, payable at Christmas and the Nativity of St John the Baptist. JW held this property for this term, for which he owes 12m in rent, he has not paid this sum to WH, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: JW states that he does not owe WH this 12m or any money as claimed. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Michaelmas. Pledges named for defendant.

Postea text: 2 posteas, sheriff did not send writ, to quindene of Easter 1461.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property St Martin Orgar < London < England
Rental Agreement Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 29/09/1445
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
David Kery (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Henry Lok (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
James Henryson (m) Vintner London < England Surety for defendant
John Boughtrode (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Walfrey (m) Carpenter London < England Defendant
William Holman (m) Clerk Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 207

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 5m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Clyf states that on 14 March 1448 Robert Chopyngton made a bond with him in £4, but has not paid, to his damage of 5m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: RC granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 14/03/1448
(due) 24/06/1448 < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
David Kery (m) Stainer London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Chopyngton (m) Stainer London < England Defendant
Robert Normanvyle (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Lambert (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Clyf (m) Clerk Plaintiff
William Koo (m) Stainer London < England Surety for defendant
William Wareyn (m) Stainer London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 208

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Godyn states that on 19 December 1459 William Warbilton made a bond with him in 70s, but has not paid, to his damage of 4m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WW seeks to hear the bond and the endorsement, and these are read. The endorsement states that the condition of the bond is such that if WW or his heirs, etc, should pay JG or his heirs, etc, 40s on 20 January 1460 and the remaining 30s on 1 March 1460, then the bond shall be cancelled. Having heard this, WW states that he has fulfilled all the conditions of this endorsement.

Pleading: JG, protesting that WW has not implemented any of the conditions given in the endorsement, states that WW did not pay the 30s due on 1 March 1460 as required.

Pleading: WW states that he paid this 30s to JG at Yalding on 1 March as specified. Parties on country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Yalding here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: See also rot 208d.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Peter Cornhill < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 19/12/1459
(due) 20/01/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Godyn (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Simon Harryes (m) Attorney of defendant
William Warbilton (m) Yeoman Yalding < Kent < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 208d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 4m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Godyn states that on 19 December 1459 John Colt made a bond with him in 70s, but has not paid, to his damage of 4m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JC seeks to hear the bond and the endorsement, and these are read. The endorsement states that the condition of the bond is such that if JC or his heirs, etc, should pay JG or his heirs, etc, 40s on 20 January 1460 and the remaining 30s on 1 March 1460, then the bond shall be cancelled. Having heard this, JC states that he has fulfilled all the conditions of this endorsement.

Pleading: JG, protesting that JC has not implemented any of the conditions given in the endorsement, states that JC did not pay the 30s due on 1 March 1460 as required.

Pleading: JC states that he paid this 30s to JG at Yalding on 1 March as specified. Parties on country, sheriff of Kent to have jury of Yalding here at octave of Michaelmas.

Case notes: See also rot 208.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Peter Cornhill < Cornhill Ward < London < England (initial) 19/12/1459
(due) 20/01/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Colt (m) Butcher Yalding < Kent < England Defendant
John Godyn (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Simon Harryes (m) Attorney of defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 238

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Gloucestershire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Mounemouth states that on 14 November 1458 Nicholas Bailly made a bond with him in 10m, payable on 13 December 1458. JM acknowledges that he has been paid 4m of this sum, but NB has not paid the remaining 6m, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: NB shows in court a writ of supersedeas directed to the justices of the bench, dated at Westminster on 12 June 1460, citing the privileges of ministers and clerks of chancery and their servants to have their cases tried in Chancery, noting that NB is a servant of John Faukes, one of the clerks of Chancery, and ordering them to cease the case and tell JM to sue the case in Chancery if he wishes. When this was read, NB states that he is a servant of JF, and was on the day of JM's original writ and afterwards.

Pleading: JM granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas.

Postea text: [Marginal note that it is recorded by the justices that the parties do not have a day beyond the quindene of Michaelmas.]

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Stonehouse < Gloucestershire < England (initial) 14/11/1458
(due) 13/12/1458
Writ Westminster < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/06/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Faukes (m) Clerk Chancery [court] Other
John Mounemouth (m) Plaintiff
Nicholas Bailly (m) Gentleman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 245d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Damages awarded: 20s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Fawconer states that on 19 April 1459 John Salman made a bond with him in £10, but has not paid, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: JS granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas, with assent of JF.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 141] JS states that he cannot deny the action, and admits the debt as claimed. Order that JF recover the debt and damages of 20s. JS amerced.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 141] On 6 November 1460 JS committed to the Fleet until payment made.

Postea text: Record and process summoned before the king, by writ of error dated 6 November 1464, directed to Robert Danby, CJCP.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 141.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Nicholas Shambles < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 19/04/1459
(due) 29/09/1459 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Fawconer (m) London < England Plaintiff
John Salman (m) Yeoman Horndon on the Hill < Essex < England Defendant
Robert Danby (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Official
William Hert (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 258d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 10m
Damages awarded: 10s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Thomas, prior of St Gregory's, Canterbury, amerced for many defaults. John Upnore states that on 12 May 1457 Thomas, prior of St Gregory's, Canterbury, and the convent of that house, made a bond with him under their seal in £6 4s 8d, payable in the cathedral in Canterbury at the feast of St Andrew next. JU acknowledges payment of 4s 8d of this sum, but he has not received the remaining £6, to his damage of 10m. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: Prior Thomas granted licence to imparl to morrow of All Souls, with assent of JU.

Postea text: JU comes by attorney, attorney for Prior Thomas states that he has not been informed by his master of any response to make to JU. Order that JU recover debt, and damages of 10s. Prior amerced. JU remits 62s of this sum to the prior, who is quit of this sum.

Postea text: JU acknowledged satisfaction of the outstanding 58s and the damages. Prior Thomas quit, and sent without day.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary Abchurch < Walbrook Ward < London < England (initial) 12/05/1457
(due) 30/11/1457 < St Andrew
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Upnore (m) Draper London < England Plaintiff
Robert Vaus (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Roger Brent (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Kenyngton (m) Prior St Gregory, Canterbury [priory] Canterbury < Kent < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 259d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Hugh Warner, by the privileges accorded to clerks and officials of this court, states that on 20 March 1460 William Boteller and his wife Margery forcibly broke his close in London and took away goods and chattels worth 40s, namely three yards of crimson woollen cloth, against the peace and to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: WB and MB granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of HW. Pledges named for defendants [3 only], on pain of 100s each.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
St Botolph without Aldersgate < Aldersgate Ward < London < England (initial) 20/03/1460
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Warner (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
John Wheler (m) Capper London < England Surety for defendant
Margery Boteller (f) London < England Defendant
William Boteller (m) Tailor London < England Defendant
William Botiller (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
William Thomas (m) Skinner London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 263

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Adam Odam states that on 20 December 1459 William Fenys borrowed 4m from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this debt, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: WF granted licence to imparl to quindene of Michaelmas, with assent of AO.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Sepulchre without Newgate < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 20/12/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Adam Odam (m) Plaintiff
Robert Heth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hever (m) Attorney of defendant
William Fenys (m) Knight (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 269d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Horsley and Thomas John, executors of Agnes Guybon, state that on [date omitted], in London, Agnes G, now deceased, demised to RB [omitted] acres of land and 2 acres of meadow with appurtenances in Chertsey in Surrey, to hold of AG for 6 years at an annual rent of 8s, payable at [omitted]. RB held this property for this period, for which he owed 44s [sic], but did not pay AG during her life, and has not paid the plaintiffs, her executors, after her death, to their damage of 100s. They show in court the testamentary letters of AG, by which they have executry and administration.

Pleading: RB granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Case notes: Pleading has many omissions, and rent calculation is inconsistent.

Events
Type Place Date
Location of Property Chertsey < Surrey < England
Rental Agreement St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Guybon (f) dec. Widow London < England Testator
Hugh Wethir (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
John Horsley (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Nicholas Boyvyle (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
Robert Broke (m) Husbandman (lately of) Gravesend < Kent < England alias (lately of) Chertsey < Middlesex < England Defendant
Thomas John (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Pasiaunt (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant
William Sturnell (m) Yeoman London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 270

Term: Trinity 1460
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: John Gyfford, administrator of the goods formerly of John Gargrave, states that on 1 July 1449, in Southwark, John Gargrave demised to John Umfray a messuage with appurtenances in Southwark, to hold for two years at an annual rent of 26s 8d, payable at the four usual terms. By virtue of this, JU held this property for these two years, for which he owed 53s 4d, but he did not pay this to Gargrave during his life, and has not paid Gyfford, his administrator, after Gargrave's death, to his damage of 10m. Gyfford shows in court the letters of Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, by which he has administration.

Pleading: JU granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Pleading: [continued at Michaelmas 1460, rot 317] JU states that the case ought not continue, as John Gargrave did not demise this property to him as claimed by Gyfford. Parties on country, jury here at octave of Hilary. Same pledges named.

Postea text: [on CP 40/799, rot 317] Gyfford granted licence to imparl to quindene of Easter 1461.

Case notes: Continued on CP 40/799, rot 317.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 01/07/1449
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Florentius Lamberd (m) Tailor London < England Surety for defendant
John Bull (m) Joiner London < England Surety for defendant
John Gargrave snr (m) dec. Esquire Southwark < Surrey < England Intestator
John Gyfford (m) Exeter < Devon < England Administrator, Plaintiff
John Umfray (m) Ironmonger (lately of) London < England Defendant
Nicholas Wauterwyld (m) Pattenmaker London < England Surety for defendant
Ralph Cutfen (m) Mason London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Bourgchier (m) Archbishop Canterbury [archdiocese] Official
Thomas Torald (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 270d

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond; Sale of goods

Pleading: Thomas Nyche states that on 25 November 1457 William Bourgchier, Lord FitzWarin, made a bond with him, which he shows in court, in £6 11s 8d, payable on request. However, he has not paid this debt to TN, to his damage of £20. He shows the bond in court. [Recited in full, in English, making reference to the debt as being for 'diverse parcels', presumably merchandise bought by WB].

Pleading: WB granted licence to imparl to octave of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Mary le Bow < Cheap Ward < London < England (initial) 25/11/1457
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John Faryngdon (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Wolston (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Niche alias Thomas Nyche (m) Citizen Mercer London < England Plaintiff
William Bourgchier (m) Knight, Lord Fitzwarin [barony] (lately of) London < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/798, rot. 274

Term: Trinity 1460
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: 40s
Damages awarded: 6s 8d
Case type: Loan

Pleading: Hugh Unton, attorney of the court, by the privileges enjoyed by officials of this court, states that on 12 November 1459, in London, James Bolehale borrowed 46s 8d from him, payable on request, but has not re-paid this, to his damage of 40s.

Pleading: JB admits the action, and that he owes this 46s 8d as claimed. Order that HU recover debt, and damages of 6s 8d. JB amerced. HU releases the debt and damages. JB quit.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 12/11/1459
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Hugh Unton (m) Attorney Common Pleas [court] Plaintiff
James Bolehale (m) Defendant