5. BEAUCHAMP RODING. (D.b.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)xlii. N.E. (b)xlii. S.W. (c)xlii. S.W.)
Beauchamp Roding is a small parish 4½ m.
N.N.E. of Chipping Ongar. The Church is the
only monument of interest.
c(1). Parish Church of St. Botolph stands
near the S. of the parish ¼ m. E. of the DunmowOngar road. The walls are of flint-rubble intermixed with some freestone; the dressings are
mostly of clunch; the roofs are tiled. The Nave
is possibly of 11th-century plan, but the present
structure is apparently of the 14th century. The
Chancel is a 15th-century rebuilding perhaps of a
13th-century structure, and the West Tower was
added in the 15th century. The South Porch is
modern. In the 19th century the building was
restored, largely with cement.
The Church, Plan
Architectural Description—The Chancel (22 ft.
by 17 ft.) has in the E. wall a modern window.
In the N. wall are two 15th-century windows, the
eastern of three and the western of two cinque-foiled lights and vertical tracery under a four-centred head, both partly restored. In the S.
wall are two similar windows, also restored;
between them is a modern doorway. The chancel-arch and its jambs are of two orders, the inner
order of the jambs being semi-octagonal and having
moulded capitals and bases; the soffit of the arch
is grooved to receive the former wood tympanum
of the Rood.
The Nave (35½ ft. by 22 ft.) has in the N. wall
two windows; the eastern is of three trefoiled
lights under a four-centred arch, of early 15th-century date, partly restored; the western is of
two trefoiled lights under a two-centred head containing a quatrefoil, and has a label with headstops, all of early 14th-century date partly restored;
between the windows is the 14th-century N. doorway, now blocked, with moulded jambs, two-centred arch, and label. The S. wall has two
windows, both uniform with the western window
in the N. wall; between them is the early 14th-century S. doorway with moulded jambs, two-centred arch, and label; E. of the eastern window
is a straight rood-stair of the 15th century, with
lower and upper doorways each with a four-centred head.
The West Tower (10 ft. square), is of three stages
with an embattled parapet. The 15th-century
tower-arch has a two-centred head and is of two
chamfered orders, the inner order having moulded
capitals and bases. The W. window is of three
cinque-foiled lights under a four-centred head, of
the 15th century, much repaired with cement;
the W. doorway has a two-centred head and is
of two chamfered orders. The second stage has
in each of the N., S. and W. walls a single window
of two chamfered orders with a two-centred head,
partly cemented. The bell-chamber has in each
wall a window of two trefoiled lights under a four-centred head with a moulded label; the jambs and
head are of two chamfered orders.
The Roof of the chancel has moulded wall-plates and tie-beam, with curved braces carried
on stone corbels, the N. corbel carved with a
beast's head, the S. corbel with an angel (defaced)
and shield; all of the 15th century. The roof
of the nave has two 15th-century tie-beams bearing
king-posts with moulded capitals and bases.
Fittings—Bells: four; said to be by Miles
Graye, 1664. Bracket: In nave—in wall S. of
chancel-arch, plain, connected with former rood-loft. Panelling: In chancel—below S.W. window,
early 17th-century panelling and a window-board
carved with running pattern in low relief. Piscinæ:
In chancel—drain missing, two-centred head, rebated edges, possibly 13th-century. In nave—
in S. wall, circular drain, cinque-foiled and four-centred head, 15th-century.
Condition—Good, but bad repairs in cement,
which is falling away, and some of tower windows
a(2). Frayes, house and moat, about 1 m. N.N.E.
of the church. The House is of two storeys,
timber-framed and plastered; the roofs are tiled.
It was built in the 17th century and has a later
wing towards the N. making the plan T-shaped.
Inside the building is an original moulded and
The Moat lies to the N. of the house.
Condition—Of house, poor.
c(3). Longbarns, house, 2/3 m. N. of the church,
is of two storeys, timber-framed and plastered;
the roofs are tiled. It was built probably in the
16th century on an H-shaped plan with the crosswings on the E. and W. On the N. front the
W. wing has original carved and dentilled bargeboards. At the back the upper storey projects
at the end of the E. wing.
Condition—Good, much altered.
b(4). Woodend Farm, house, about ½ m. N.W.
of the church, is of two storeys, timber-framed
and plastered; the roofs are tiled. It was built
probably in the 16th century, but the main block
has been subsequently raised and there are later
additions on the N. side. On the S. front the
doorway has an original moulded frame and a
nail-studded door with moulded rails and muntins.
At the back is an original chimney-stack with six
Condition—Good, much altered.
c(5). Gubbie's Farm, house, 600 yards S. of
the church, is of two storeys, timber-framed, and
partly plastered and partly faced with modern
brick, the roofs are tiled. It was built in the
16th century on an L-shaped plan with the wings
extending towards the W. and N. There are
modern additions in the angle between the wings.
Inside the building, on the ground floor is an
original fireplace with chamfered jambs and four-centred arch, above which is a band of plaster
enrichment with a running design of roses and
dragons' heads. On the first floor are two original
fireplaces with four-centred arches.