41. GREAT TOTHAM. (B.e.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)xlv. N.E. (b)xlv. S.W. (c)xlv. S.E.)
Great Totham is a parish 3 m. N. of Maldon.
b(1). Parish Church of St. Peter stands near
the middle of the parish. The walls are mainly of
boulder-clay and the dressings are of oolite and
hard limestone; the roofs are tiled. The Chancel
may be of the 13th century but the earliest detail
there or in the Nave is of the 14th century. The
church was restored in the 19th century when the
North Aisle, Organ Chamber, South Vestry and
Porch were added and the bell-turret rebuilt.
The Church, Plan
Architectural Description—The Chancel (19½ ft.
by 15½ ft.) has S.E. quoins possibly of the 13th
century. All the windows and archways are
modern but a lancet window in each side wall
may represent an ancient feature. There is no
The Nave (35 ft. by 19 ft.) has a modern N.
arcade. In the S. wall are three windows, the
easternmost is probably of early 16th-century date,
partly restored; it is of three cinquefoiled lights
with vertical tracery and embattled transoms
under a three-centred head with a moulded label;
the middle window is of early 14th-century date
and is said to have been brought from the chancel;
it is of two trefoiled ogee lights with a quatrefoil in a two-centred head; the westernmost window
is modern as is the S. doorway E. of it. In the
W. wall is a 14th-century window of two cinquefoiled ogee lights with tracery in a square head.
The Roof of the chancel is of braced collar-beam
type and boarded; it has 15th-century moulded
wall-plates and a moulded tie-beam at the W. end.
The roof of the nave is of similar form and has
similar moulded wall-plates; the moulded tiebeams have curved braces. The bell-turret at the
W. end of the nave rests on four posts, all modern
except that on the N.E.
Fittings—Brasses: In chancel—of Elizabeth
(Pilborough), wife of Richard Coke, 1606, and
Elizabeth, their daughter, wife of Thomas Wilde,
figures of two women in ruff and farthingale and
three shields of arms. Glass: In nave—in S.E.
and middle S. windows, quarries with roses, conventional flowers, foliage, etc., early 16th-century.
Paintings: In nave—in N.E. corner, above wall-plate, remains of three winged figures in black and
green on a yellow ground, probably 15th-century;
on E. splay of S.E. window, figure of a crowned
saint under a canopy, much defaced, early 16th-century. Plate: includes cup and paten of 1630.
Piscinae: In chancel—with two-centred head and
octofoiled drain, probably 14th-century, jambs
modern. In nave—in S. wall, with two-centred
head and square drain, 14th-century. Miscellanea:
In nave—built into S. wall 6 ft. in advance of
E. wall, fragment of moulded beam to rood-loft
with one buttressed standard and part of moulded
rail with painted trefoils and quatrefoils, 15th-century.
Condition—Good, much restored.
b (2). Great Totham Hall and moat, 160 yards
N. of the church. The House is of two storeys,
partly timber-framed and plastered and partly of
brick; the roofs are tiled. It was built probably
early in the 17th century and has modern additions.
The original central chimney-stack has attached
shafts on a rectangular base.
The Moat formerly surrounded the house.
Condition—Of house, good.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century and of two
storeys, timber-framed and plastered; the roofs
are tiled. Several of the buildings have original
chimney-stacks and exposed ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good, or fairly good.
b(3). Shoulder of Mutton Inn, about ¾ m. W. of
the church, was built in the 15th century with a
cross-wing at the N. end, and has early 17th-century additions on the S. and E. There are
also some modern additions. The upper storey
projects at the W. end of the cross-wing and in
this wall is an original window with diamond-shaped mullions and now blocked.
b(4). Bull Inn, 1,100 yards N.N.W. of the
church, has been refaced with modern brick.
a(5). Cottage, on the W. side of road at Totham
Hill, and 1 m. N.N.E. of the church, was built
in the 16th-century. The upper storey projects on
the E. front.
c(6). Jepcracks Farm, house, about ½ m. E. of
the church, was built early in the 16th century,
but has been considerably altered. The upper
storey projects and is gabled at the N. end of the
b(7). Sain's Farm, house, nearly ¾ m. S.S.E. of
the church, was built late in the 16th century.
Early in the 17th century a second block was built
to the S.W. of the original building and connected
with it by a corridor and staircase wing. The
original central chimney-stack has four octagonal
bases on which has been planted a single short
rectangular shaft. Inside the building is an early
17th-century ceiling-beam carved with conventional foliage. There are some panelled doors of
the same date; the staircase has turned newels
and symmetrically turned balusters.