29. FOULNESS. (G.c.)
(O.S. 6 in. lxxi. S.W.)
Foulness is an island and parish on the S. side
of the Crouch, 8 m. N.E. of Southend-on-Sea.
(1). A tumulus on Loading Marsh, Little Shelford, was found to contain a large urn enclosing
burnt bones and surrounded by seven or eight other
vessels of which two were 'Samian,' apparently
of early 2nd-century date. The mound was
destroyed. Another tumulus was said to exist
(Brit. Arch. Assoc. Journ., IV, 74. For similar
burials of Roman date, see Essex Inventory,
Vol. I, Sectional Preface, p. xxiv.)
(2). Parish Church of St. Mary was entirely
re-built in 1850 but retains the following fitting
from the old church:—
Plate (Plate, p. xliv): includes two cups of
1612 and 1712 respectively and a cover-paten of
(3). House, 160 yards S.W. of the church, is
of one storey with attics, timber-framed and
weather-boarded; the roofs are tiled. It was built
in the 17th century and has modern additions at
each end. Inside the building are some exposed
(4). White House, 1 m. W.S.W. of the church, is
of two storeys, timber-framed and weather-boarded
and partly refaced with brick, the roofs are tiled.
The S.E. wing was built early in the 17th century;
the N.W. wing was added later in the same century
making the building of modified L-shaped plan.
Modern extensions have been made to both blocks.
The timber-framing is exposed on the E. side of
the S.E. wing; on this side is a blocked door. Inside
the building the timber-framing and ceiling-beams
Condition—Unoccupied and falling into disrepair.
(5). Red Hill, at Little Shelford Farm, nearly
2¼ m. S.W. of the church.