This Volume contains (in addition to the Terms of Appointment and official Report) a
Sectional Preface, which, under subject-headings, calls attention to any particularly
interesting examples mentioned in the Inventory; an illustrated Inventory, with a concise account of the monuments visited; a list of monuments that the Commissioners have
selected as especially worthy of preservation; illustrations of architectural mouldings; a glossary
of the architectural, heraldic and archæological terms which occur in the volume; a map showing
the topographical distribution of the scheduled monuments, and an index.
The monuments will be found, as in the Essex and Huntingdonshire Inventories, under the
heads of the parishes arranged alphabetically, with an introductory paragraph calling attention to
the more noticeable among them in each parish. The chronological sequence chosen is not
perhaps scientifically perfect, but it has been found a workable basis for classification. The order
adopted is as follows:—
(1) Pre-historic monuments and earthworks.
(2) Roman monuments and Roman earthworks.
(3) English ecclesiastical monuments.
(4) English secular monuments.
(5) Unclassified monuments.
In addition to dwelling houses, the English secular class (4) includes such earthworks as
mount and bailey castles, homestead moats, etc. To the section of unclassified monuments (5)
are assigned all earthworks not definitely dated.
The descriptions of the monuments are of necessity much compressed, but the underlying
principle on which accounts of any importance are based is the same throughout.
In the first place, the Parish is located by letters in brackets which refer to the square where it
is to be found in the map at the end of the volume; reference is also given where necessary to the
Ordnance sheets (scale 6 inches to the mile) by small letters in front of the number of each monument. In the case of churches, the description begins with a few words on the situation and
material of the monument, together with a statement as to the development of its various parts.
A second paragraph calls attention, when necessary, to its more remarkable features. This is
followed by a concise description, mainly architectural, of its details. A fourth paragraph deals
with the fittings in alphabetical order, while the concluding sentence gives a general statement as
to structural condition. The accounts of less important buildings, whether secular or ecclesiastical, are still further compressed, and, in the case of secular monuments, consist of a single
paragraph, or of a mere mention of their situation if they belong to a group with certain characteristics described in a covering paragraph.
The standardization of the spelling of proper names in the Commission's inventories has
always presented considerable difficulties, and almost any system is open to criticism. It is well
known that during the period covered by our terms of reference, and indeed to a much later date,
the art of spelling was in a very fluid state, proper names especially being subject to a wide
variation, dictated partly by their phonetic values and partly by individual caprice. In the
absence, therefore, of any final court of appeal, it has been thought best to abide, in the matter of
place-names, by the spelling adopted by the Ordnance Survey, without prejudice as to its accuracy.
In the matter of personal names, in treating of individual funeral-monuments, etc., the actual
spelling of the memorial has been reproduced, while in the rest of the text the normal spelling of
the name has been followed.
The illustrations are derived from photographs taken expressly for the Commission, and
reproduced by H.M. Stationery Office, whose work, I think, deserves special recognition. They
have been chosen for their educational and for their æsthetic value. Had appearance alone been
made the test of selection, many more might easily have been included. The map at the end
of the Inventory shows the distribution of the monuments, and incidentally throws some light
on the influence of physical features, on the siting of particular categories of monuments such as
castles and homestead moats, as well as on the concentration of population in the county at
various times before the year 1714.
To ensure clearness of description, all ancient churches not illustrated by historically hatched
plans, have been provided with key-plans to a uniform scale of 48 feet to the inch, with the
monumental portions shown in solid black. The dimensions given in the Inventory are internal
unless otherwise stated.
It may also be well again to draw attention to the fact that our Record Cards for the County
may be consulted by properly accredited persons who give notice of their intention to our
Secretary at 29, Abingdon Street, Westminster, S, W.1. The cards contain drawings of tracery
and mouldings as well as plans and sketches of the monuments—forming in truth the complete
National Inventory—and will ultimately be deposited for reference in the Public Record Office.
As in the past, no monument has been, or will be, included in our Inventories that has not
actually been inspected and the account of any monument of importance checked in situ by a
member of our own investigating staff. In a work of such intricate detail there must be mistakes.
But I hope these are neither numerous, nor serious. A further guarantee of accuracy lies in the
fact that my fellow Commissioners, Dr. James (whom we congratulate most sincerely on the
signal honour of the Order of Merit recently conferred on him), Mr. Page and Mr. Peers, have
revised the reports of the Inventories of secular and ecclesiastical monuments, while Mr. Montgomerie and Mr. O.G. S. Crawford have supervised the reports on earthworks. Further, the
heraldry of the Inventory has been checked by the Reverend E.E. Dorling, F.S.A.; the descriptions of glass by Dr. M.R. James, O.M., F.S.A.; the descriptions of brasses by Mr. Mill
Stephenson, F.S.A.; and the accounts of Roman monuments by Dr. R.E. Mortimer Wheeler,
F.S.A. (Keeper of the London Museum). Nevertheless, I shall welcome any corrections
and criticisms that may be sent to me with a view to their possible inclusion in some
The plan of Hereford Cathedral is based on that made by Mr. W. E. Martin and lent to
the Commission by Mr. Herbert Skryme; the plan of Holme Lacy House on those of Messrs.
Romaine Walker and Jenkins; the plan of Madley Church on that of Mr. Herbert Skryme
and the plan of St. Giles' Chapel, Hereford, on that of Mr. W. E. H. Clarke.
It is much to be regretted that, owing to the financial exigencies of the time, our staff has not
yet been restored to its pre-war strength.
The success that has already attended the publication of the Commission's Inventories and
their value in securing the preservation of monuments of historical interest that otherwise might
have been destroyed, leads me to hope that the reduction of the work of investigation will be only
CRAWFORD & BALCARRES.
12th July, 1930.