44 LLANVEYNOE (A.c.).
(O.S. 6 in. (a)XXXVII, S.W., (b)XLIII, N.E.,
(c)XLIII, N.W., (d)XLIII, S.E.
Llanveynoe is a parish on the W. border of the
county and on the eastern slopes of the Black Mountains, 14 m. W.S.W. of Hereford. The church is the
principal monument, but a comparatively large proportion of the buildings in the parish, which are of the
small farm-house type, come within the Commission's
survey, and a few date from mediæval times.
b(1) Parish Church of St. Peter stands towards
the E. side of the parish. The walls are of local
sandstone rubble with some ashlar dressings. The
church, consisting of Chancel and Nave without structural division, was re-built in the 13th century. It was
restored in the 19th century, and in 1912 it was
lengthened towards the W. and the W. end entirely
Among the fittings the stone crucifix and the early
inscribed stone are noteworthy.
The Church, Plan
Architectural Description—The Chancel and Nave
(43¾ ft. by 17¼ ft.) are undivided. In the E. wall is a
window of two cinque-foiled lights in a square head,
apparently all modern. In the N. wall are two modern
windows each of one trefoiled light; between them is a
blocked 13th-century lancet-window; the original W.
angles of the nave show in both the N. and S. walls. In
the S. wall are two modern windows similar to those
in the N. wall; between them is a modern or much-restored doorway into the vestry; W. of the windows
is a modern doorway and porch; along the external
face of the ancient part of the S. wall is a stone bench.
The W. wall is modern.
Fittings—Crosses: (Plate 40) Re-set in S. wall—
(1) irregular shaped stone (4¼ ft. by 1¾ ft.) with rudely
carved crucifix with feet shown in profile, perhaps 11th-century; (2) irregular shaped stone (2 ft. by 1 ft.) with
part of plain incised cross with partly defaced letters,
XPC, M (? Ω) and IHC, at side the inscription
HAEFDUR FECIT CRUCEM, IHC, A Ω., perhaps
11th-century. In external face of S. wall, (3) small slab
with plain incised cross. Lying in churchyard—plain
square shaft and head (6 ft. long) of churchyard-cross.
Condition—Fairly good, much restored, crack in E.
The following monuments, unless otherwise described, are of late 16th or early 17th-century date and of
two storeys with attics. The walls are of stone rubble
and the roofs are covered with stone slates. Most of
the buildings have original chimney-stacks and exposed
Condition—Good or fairly good, unless noted.
b(2) Upper Cwm, small farmhouse, 400 yards E.S.E.
of the church, is built on a T-shaped plan with the
cross-wing at the S. end. The N. wing is a one-storey
addition of early 18th-century date, and, with its more
recent extension, is roofed with modern slates. Most
of the window-openings in the S. wing are original and
have stone flag labels over the heads. In the S. wall
is a blocked five-light window with diamond-shaped
mullions. Inside the building, on the ground floor,
the cross-partition in the S. wing is original and of
timber with stop-chamfered posts and a doorway with
a shaped head and an old battened door hung with
b(3) Great Cwm Farm, two houses, connected by
small wash-house and now in one occupation, 320
yards N.E. of (2), is of an irregular half-H shaped plan
with the wings extending towards the N.E. The S.E.
house is of 16th-century date and is of one storey with
attics. It was either added to or remodelled and
raised another storey at the S.W. end in the 18th
century. The N.E. house is of late 17th-century date
and of two storeys, and the connecting one-storeyed
wash-house appears to be contemporary with it. The
S.E. house has in the N.W. wall an entrance-doorway
with a moulded frame, the N.W. building has in the
S.E. wall an original three-light window with oak
frame and mullions, and there is a similar window of
two lights in the N.E. wall of the wash-house. Inside
the S.E. building, on the ground floor, is an original
partition with stop-chamfered post and wood panels
and an old battened door.
b(4) Oldmill Barn, on the S.W. bank of the River
Monnow, 250 yards N. of (3), was built in 1666. It is of
one storey and in four bays; two of the roof-trusses
have sloping struts between the tie-beam and principal
rafters, and two trusses have tie and collar-beams
only. The E. gabled wall has been partly re-built but
retains an old battened door. Two small doorways
in the S. wall have chamfered wood frames in the
head of one of which is cut the date 1666; over the
doorways are stone-slab labels. There are two loop-lights in this wall and one in the N. wall; to the E.
of the latter is a four-light window which originally
had diamond-shaped mullions, but only one of these
b(5) Oldhouse Barn, 520 yards N.E. of (4), is of one
storey with a basement under the easternmost bay. It is
of 17th-century date and was originally of timber-framing on a stone base. The easternmost bay was
re-built in stone, probably early in the 18th-century, as
was the remainder of the S. wall in modern times;
a modern extension has been made at the W. end.
The lower part of the timber-framed N. wall is weather-boarded and the upper part filled in with interlaced
slats. Two roof-trusses are of the tie-beam and struttedrafter type, and the two which surmount the cross
partitions are of queen-post type. A second barn to
the N.E. of the above has been re-built but incorporates
some timber-framed walling of 17th-century date.
b(6) Lower Cwm Farm, farmhouse and outbuilding
270 yards S.E. of (5). The House is of two storeys
with cellars, and was built late in the 17th century; it
was altered in the following century when the roof was
probably re-built and covered with slates. In modern
times the entrance-front has been altered.
The Outbuilding, 15 yards S.W. of the house, is of one
storey with a granary-loft above. It is of late 17th-century date, re-modelled and partly re-built late in the
18th century. It is in three bays and has roof-trusses
of the tie-beam and strutted-rafter type. A re-set lintel
to a door in the N. wall is inscribed A.P. 1690.
b(7) Pontymoody, farmhouse nearly ¾ m. E. of the
church, has a modern slate roof. The house is of mid
17th-century date and has a late 17th or early 18th-century addition on the S.W. end of the N.W. side.
The N.E. end of the original building is now used as a
barn, and against it modern stables have been erected.
The entrance-doorway has an original moulded frame,
and on the same front is a five-light transomed window
with moulded frame and mullions. Some of the other
windows retain their old frames. Inside the building,
on the ground floor, is an original panelled partition
with stop-chamfered posts and a doorway at one end
with a segmental head.
b(8) Wern Farm, small farmhouse, 450 yards S. of the
church, is of one storey with attics; the roof is covered
partly with stone slates and partly with corrugated iron.
The building consists of two rooms with a semi-circular stone staircase projecting at one end on the
S.E. side of the house; a later barn has been added at
the S.W. end. Some of the windows retain their old
frames. Inside the building there is a framed partition
dividing the two ground-floor rooms.
b(9) Olchon Farm, small farmhouse, 270 yards W.S.W.
of (8), is partly of one storey with attics and partly of
two storeys. The S.W. end of the house is roofed
with modern slates. It has been altered in the 18th
century and in recent years, and has later low additions
on the N.W. side. The entrance-doorway has a
chamfered frame and battened door hung on old
wrought-iron hinges. The window to the staircase is
of two lights and has an old frame and diamond-shaped
mullion. Inside the building are some old battened
doors with strap-hinges.
b(10) Brass Knoll Farm, farmhouse ¼ m. S. of (8),
consists of one wing of a 16th-century house the rest
of which has been destroyed and replaced by a modern
addition. The end walls of the old wing are gabled,
and from the middle of the N. wall is a rectangular
projection containing a semi-circular staircase. Most
of the window-openings are original and have flat stone
labels, and some retain their old frames. Inside the old
wing all the partitions on the ground floor are constructed with stop-chamfered posts and wood panels
with segmental-shaped lintels over the doors. There
are three old battened doors hung on strap-hinges.
The window-boards are solid oak slabs about 5 in.
thick, and the windows of the dairy and staircase have
old oak shutters.
b(11) Black Daren Farm, small farmhouse, 950 yards
W.S.W. of (10), is of one storey with attics. The house
dates from late in the 14th or early in the 15th century,
but was much altered and possibly lengthened late in
the 18th or early in the 19th century. Inside the building are four exposed crutches with tie-beams at the level
of the upper floor and framing above. On the ground
floor are five battened doors, one of which has moulded
edges to the planks; they are all hung on iron strap-hinges.
b(12) Whitehouse Farm, farmhouse, 450 yards S.S.E.
of (10), is of one storey with attics. The original
house is a small rectangular building which has been
added to in the 18th century and in modern times. The
doorway in the N.E. wall has a chamfered frame and an
old battened door hung on strap-hinges. One or two
of the windows have old mullioned frames. Inside the
building are three old battened doors. The stone
staircase has thick oak slabs on the steps.
b(13) Lower House Farm, small farmhouse, 230 yards
E. of (12), was built in the 16th century on a rectangular
plan with a projecting chimney-stack on the middle of
the N. wall; it has modern additions on the S. side.
Enclosed within the W. side of the chimney-stack on
the N. wall is a semi-circular staircase over which the
main roof is carried down as a lean-to; the two
diagonal chimney-shafts have been re-built. Most of
the window openings are original and have flat projecting labels; nearly all retain their heavy oak frames with
diamond-shaped mullions to some of which leaded
glazing was pinned during the 17th century. In the S.
wall, which is mostly covered by the modern additions,
is a doorway with a flat stone hood supported on two
moulded wooden brackets. Inside the building the
ground-floor partitions are timber-framed with wood
panels and have segmental lintels to the door-frames.
b(14) Olchon Barn, 530 yards E. of (13), has a basement under the S.W. end. It is of 17th-century date.
The basement is of stone-rubble as is the re-built S.W.
wall but the superstructure is of timber-framing
partly covered with boarding and partly with interlacing slats. The barn itself is in four bays with roof
trusses of tie-beam and strutted-rafter type. In the
S.E. wall are two original windows of five and three
lights respectively with diamond-shaped mullions, but
the smaller window is now blocked.
b(15) Olchon House, 320 yards S. of (12), is probably of
16th-century date and appears to have been a small
dwelling built on the central-chimney type of plan.
Late in the 17th or early in the following century the
house was remodelled and a lean-to addition was built
along the whole of the N. side of the house; in modern
times this rear addition has been heightened to two
storeys. Inside the building are several old battened
doors with strap-hinges. A cupboard in one of the
bedrooms has doors of re-used 17th-century panelling
with the rails enriched with carved channelling.
b(16) Daren Farm Barn (Plate 12), 700 yards W.S.W.
of (15), is of late 15th or early 16th-century date. It is
of one storey and of timber-framing on a stone base.
It is divided into four bays by crutches which rise off
the stone base and are tied together by tie-beams at the
wall-head level; there are similar crutches in the end
walls but these have collars as well as tie-beams. The
truss between the two easternmost bays instead of a
crutch is of tie-beam and strutted-rafter type. The E.
wall is carried up in stone as far as the tie-beams. In
the other walls the framing is for the most part open.
In the second bay from the E. in both side walls is a
About 40 yards N.W. of the barn are the remains of a
ruined farmhouse. In a length of wall now standing
are two single-light stone windows with chamfered
heads, jambs and sills. There is little evidence as to
the date of the building which is possibly of about the
same age as the barn.
d(17) Sneeds Barn, nearly ½ m. S.E. of (15), was built
on a rectangular plan as a cottage or small farmhouse
but has since been converted to its present use and
had the upper floors removed from the E. end of the
building. Low modern additions have been added at
the E. end and on the N. side. Several of the windows
retain their old frames and diamond-shaped mullions.
Inside the building, on the ground floor, is an original
door-frame with chamfered posts and two-centred
segmental head and a battened door hung on strap-hinges; on the first floor is a door-frame of a similar
d(18) Lower Turnant, farmhouse, 320 yards W.S.W. of
(17), is partly of two storeys and partly of one storey
with attics. It is built on an L-shaped plan with the
wings extending towards the N.E. and N.W. It was
probably a timber-framed building but has since been
encased in stone and had most of the N.W. wing re-built.
In the upper part of the N.E. wall of the N.W. wing is
some old exposed timber-framing. Inside the building,
on the ground floor, the partition between the two wings
is of heavy timber-framing and the doorway between
the Living Room and entrance-passage has heavy stop-chamfered door-posts and a segmental head.
d(19) Great Turnant, farmhouse and barn, ¼ m.
S.S.W. of (18). The House is partly of two storeys
with attics and partly of one storey with attics. It is
built round the nucleus of a house of probably late 15th
or early 16th-century date, but the later alterations have
obscured the original plan. The portion containing
the Porch and Living Room with the attics above and
possibly part of the range on the E. side of it appear to
belong to the original house. In the first half of the
17th century a wing was added at right angles to the
block on the W. side of it, and a small wing at the back
or N. side of the house may be of the same date. A
chamber, now used as a cider-cellar on the W. side of
the W. range, is a late 17th or 18th-century addition.
Outbuildings projecting eastwards from the Living
Room and a similar range on the N. side of the house
are probably also of the 17th or 18th century. The
projecting part of the S. front has on both the ground
and first floors two early 17th-century windows, the
lower pair of three and the upper pair of two lights,
with moulded oak frames and mullions and all with
segmental stone arches above. The entrance-doorway
to the porch is of late 15th or early 16th-century date
and has chamfered jambs and a four-centred head;
above it is a two-light window with a plain oak frame.
Towards the W. end of the projecting block is an
external stone staircase leading to a loft above the
cider-mill. On the W. side of the building is an
original window to the cider-cellar of five lights with
an oak frame and diamond-shaped mullions, and in
the N. wall of this addition is an old door of oak
battens. On the N. side of the house the back
door to the central block has a chamfered oak frame
and an old battened door (Plate 35) with two strap-hinges with foliated ends and a twisted ring for use
as a knocker. Inside the building against the E.
wall of the Living Room is the lower part of a truss
with curved braces of crutch-type, the upper part of
which is visible in the attic above, tied in with a heavy
collar-beam. The Living Room has in the S. wall a
doorway with a square-headed frame and an old battened door retaining one strap-hinge with a foliated
end. The doorway in the E. wall has an old frame with
a four-centred head and an old battened door. The
timber-framed lobby between the Living Room and the
N. range is of close studding and the fireplace in the
ground-floor room of the early 17th-century addition
is spanned by a stop-chamfered oak lintel.
The Barn, S. of the house, is probably of 17th-century date. It is of three aisled bays with roof-trusses of the tie-beam and strutted-rafter type and has
heavy timber-framing dividing the middle from the
side aisles. At either end of the middle aisle are large
d(20) Upper Turnant, farmhouse, 300 yards S. of (19),
is of one storey with attics. It has later outbuildings
at either end and a small projecting wing at the back,
but the latter may be a rebuilding on the site of an
original wing. A timber-framed gable in the back
wing suggests that the house may originally have been
timber-framed and afterwards encased in stone. Inside
the building a small cupboard on the ground floor has a
door of early 17th-century panelling.
d(21) Barn at Cayo, nearly ¾ m. E. of (20), is of two
storeys and probably was built as a dwelling-house. In
modern times a new upper floor has been inserted, an
addition made against the E. wall and a large barn built
at the W. end. In the N. wall is one and in the S. wall
are two doorways with old chamfered frames and
battened doors. Some of the old windows remain and
have solid oak frames and diamond-shaped mullions.
The W. wall which is now incorporated in the later barn
is timber-framed. Inside the building three roof-trusses are exposed.
b(22) Charity Farm, small farmhouse, 1,450 yards W.
of the church, is of one storey with attics. A later barn
has been built at the S. end of the house. Inside the
building the partition between the two ground-floor
rooms is timber-framed with wood panels between the
b(23) Glan-dŵr, farmhouse, 590 yards N. of (22), is
partly of two storeys and partly of one storey with
attics. It was built on an L-shaped plan with the wings
extending towards the S. and E. In modern times low
additions have been built along the whole of the W.
side of the house. On the E. front immediately S. of
the projecting E. wing is a small porch (Plate 35), the
lean-to roof of which is supported at the eaves by a
shaped lintel carried on the projecting ends of two
of the main ground-floor ceiling-beams. Inside the
building one of the ground-floor rooms has an old
battened door and on the upper floor is a framed
partition with large wooden panels between the framing.
b(24) Upper Olchon Farm, farmhouse, 550 yards W.
of (23), is of one storey with attics. An additional
room to each floor was built in the latter part of the
17th century on the N.E. end of the house and further
additions have been made in modern times. One
window in the S.E. front is of three lights and has its
old frame and mullions, and a blocked window in the
back wall has a flag-stone label. Inside the building
three doorways on the ground floor have segmental-headed frames.
c(25) Olchon Court Farm (Plate 14), farmhouse, 1,050
yards N.N.W. of (24), is partly of two storeys and partly
of one storey and attics. The dressings to the W. end
of the building are of ashlar. This end is of late 15th or
16th-century date, the eastern end being a 17th-century
extension which possibly incorporated an existing
dairy or outbuilding. A lean-to addition was built on
the S. side of the E. end of the extension about the same
time or a little later and the roof of the original building
was raised. The porch and a barn at the E. end of the
house were added in modern times. The entrance
doorway in the W. end of the S. wall is original and has
stop-chamfered jambs and a four-centred head. On
either side of the doorway is an original window, each
of two narrow lights with chamfered head, sill, jambs
and wide mullion. In each of the lights to the westernmost window is an iron grate. In the W. wall by the
lean-to additions is a doorway with an old stop-chamfered frame and battened door. A stone doorway in
the W. wall has a stop-chamfered lintel. Inside the
building, on the ground floor, in the stone cross-wall
between the older part and the later extension is an
original doorway with chamfered jambs and a four-centred head. There is a 17th-century battened door
in the attics.
a(26) Firs Farm (Plate 15), small farmhouse, nearly
¾ m. N.N.W. of (25), is of one storey with attics. The
projecting porch on the S. side of the building is of the
17th century, and the house itself is probably of the
same date but has been largely remodelled and added to
at a later date. The porch is gabled, and over the
entrance is a stop-chamfered bressummer with a deep
projecting stone string-course above.
a(27) Blaen-Olchon, small farmhouse, 450 yards
N.N.W. of (26), is of one storey with attics. The W.
half of the house is probably of late 17th-century date
and the E. half is a slightly later extension. In the S.
wall is a three-light window with an old frame and
mullions, plain externally and moulded on the inside.