32 HOPE-UNDER-DINMORE (D.d.)
(O.S. 6 in. (a)XIX, S.W., (b)XIX, S.E.,
Hope-under-Dinmore is a parish on the river Lugg,
4 m. S. of Leominster. Hampton Court and Winsley
House are the principal monuments.
b(1). Parish Church of St. Mary stands in the E.
part of the parish. The walls are of local sandstone
rubble with dressings of the same material; the roofs
are covered with tiles, stone slates, and lead. Owing
to restoration there is little evidence of the date of the
structure, but, judging from the character of the
windows, the Nave was built or re-built in the 14th
century. The West Tower appears to have been re-built
in the 18th century. The church was drastically
restored in 1879 when the North Transept was added;
the Chancel was re-built in 1896; the North Porch is
Among the fittings the font and incised slab are
noteworthy. There is, furthermore, a fine 18th-century
monument to the Coningsby family ascribed to
Architectural Description—The Chancel is modern,
but incorporates some old stones in the window-splays
and in the responds of the chancel-arch.
The Nave has no ancient features except a window of
one trefoiled light at the E. end of the S. wall which is
partly of 14th-century materials.
The West Tower is probably of 18th-century date
and is of three stages with a modern embattled parapet.
The tower-arch is modern. In the N. wall is a modern
doorway now blocked, and in the S. wall is a window
of one segmental-pointed light with a shouldered
internal lintel, probably of the 18th century; below it
is a low relieving or foundation-arch, visible internally.
In the W. wall is a modern window. The second
stage, now floorless, has a modern window in the N.
wall and a single-light window in the S. wall, similar
to that in the stage below. The bell-chamber has, in
each wall, a plain square-headed light with a wooden
Fittings—Chest: In vestry—plain with pairs of half-balusters at the angles and moulded lid, possibly early
18th-century. Communion Rails: with turned balusters
and moulded top rail, early 18th-century. Communion
Table: made up with four mid 17th-century turned legs,
moulded top rail with shaped brackets and modern
material. Cupboard: In vestry—modern, but with one
late 16th-century cock's head hinge. Font (Plate 117):
octagonal bowl with moulded upper and lower rim
and concave soffit with angle ribs; each face of bowl
with a moulded cinque-foiled arch with foliated spandrels
and resting on attached shafts; under each arch a
seated figure, two representing SS. Peter and Paul,
others probably Evangelists, perhaps St. John the
Baptist and another figure; stem with panelled sides
and angle ribs and moulded base, probably late 13th-century. Cover with turned central post and supporting brackets, late 17th-century. Glass: In second
stage of tower—in S. window, foliated quarry, 13th
or 14th-century. Monument: In N. chapel on S. wall,
to Humfry Conyngsbye, 15(08), incised slab (Plate 66),
with figure of man in plate armour and wife in French
cap, pendant sleeves, etc., three sons and four daughters,
marginal inscription in black letter. Miscellanea: In
churchyard—N. of tower, rough round stone, with
square central socket, perhaps mill-stone.
Condition—Good, much re-built.
b(2). Hampton Court, about 1,200 yards E.S.E. of
the church, is partly of two and partly of three storeys;
the walls are of local sandstone rubble with dressings
of the same material, and the roofs are mostly lead-covered. The house, then called Hampton Richard,
was presumably built by Sir Roland Lenthall, who had
a licence to crenellate in 1434 (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1429–36,
p. 446). Leland, who describes the house as "a goodly
manor-place" states that it was built from the ransoms
of French prisoners taken by Lenthall at Agincourt,
but that after the death of his son he ceased to build
there. Lord Coningsby (d. 1729), employed Colin
Campbell to modernise the house, and drawings of it
appear in that architect's Vitruvius Britannicus. In the
first half of the 19th century the house was again much
altered and restored under Sir Jeffrey Wyatville, the
architect. The main lines of the house, including the
quadrangular plan, appear to have preserved the
arrangement and much of the walling of the 15th-century structure, the gatehouse, chapel and porch
being the least altered parts of the building. Colin
Campbell's alterations apparently included the remodelling of the S. front and the addition of wings on the
S.W. and S.E. The work of Wyatville seems to have
been more serious and to have included the heightening
of the main rooms on the ground floor of the E. and
S. ranges, by the removal of the first floor, the insertion
of much taller windows and the general restoration of
the exterior in the 'Gothic' taste.
Though much altered the building is an interesting
example of a late mediæval semi-fortified house.
The N. Front (Plate 114) has in the middle the rectangular gatehouse, a 15th-century structure rising
above the adjoining roofs and finished with an embattled
and machicolated parapet on moulded corbelling. The
restored gateway has moulded jambs and two-centred
arch in a square head with a moulded label; the reveals
are grooved for a portcullis; the double doors are of
nail-studded battens on square framing, with a wicket
in each fold; flanking the arch are cruciform loops
which are repeated in the return walls of the projecting
part of the gatehouse; the other features are modern.
The parts of the front adjoining the gatehouse on each
side are carried up higher than the rest of the front
though not as high as the gatehouse itself, and at the
angles of the main building are small square towers;
these are probably part of the original design, but the
higher parts of the front are probably an early 18th-century alteration. The windows, both in arrangement and detail, are modern. In the E. angle of the
gatehouse is a stair-turret carried up above the parapet
of the gatehouse. On the buildings adjoining the
gatehouse are two rain-water heads both dated 1710
and one with the arms of Coningsby impaling Jones
(for Lord Coningsby and his second wife Frances).
The Chapel is mainly of the 15th century, but has an
enriched parapet probably modern, as the older views of
the house show an embattled parapet. The E. window
is of five trefoiled lights with tracery in a two-centred
head with a moulded label. In the N. wall are three
windows each of three trefoiled lights with tracery in a
two-centred head with a moulded label; the westernmost is much restored. At the E. end of the S. wall
are remains of a blocked window.
The E., S. and W. Fronts have no ancient features.
The N. side of the Courtyard has the gatehouse in the
middle; on this side (Plate 116) is a modern archway, and
there are two modern windows above flanking a large
15th-century niche; this niche has a moulded base, side-shafts and pinnacles and a canopied head with a vaulted
soffit; the top of the canopy has been cut away;
higher up are two modern windows. The rest of the
N. side has no ancient features except the base of a
pinnacle in the angle between it and the small square
turret in the N.E. corner of the courtyard. The E. and
W. sides of the courtyard have no ancient features. The
S. side (Plate 113) has a central projecting porch, mainly
of the 15th century; it is of two storeys with diagonal
buttresses and an embattled parapet. The original
entrance archway has moulded jambs and segmental-pointed head; it is now filled in with a modern doorway; the upper storey has an original window of four
trefoiled ogee lights in a square head. There are traces
of a former window in the E. wall of the porch and a
single-light window, now blocked, in the W. wall.
The main wall E. of the porch retains traces of the
pointed heads of two original windows lighting the
Hall; the existing windows are modern. In the S.E.
angle of the courtyard is a projecting building formerly
containing a staircase; in the W. wall of the upper
storey is a window perhaps of the 16th century, and of
two cinque-foiled lights with tracery in a square head
with a moulded label. The rest of the front has no
Hampton Court, Hope-under-Dinmore
Interior. The Chapel has a roof (Plate 115) probably
of the 15th century but now painted; it is low-pitched
and of four bays with cambered tie-beams, tracery above,
carved bosses on the soffits and at the sides, half figures
of men holding shields or books; the ceiling is divided
by moulded ribs into eight panels in each bay with
bosses at the intersections, carved with foliage, blackamoors' heads and faces; against the E. wall is a
carving of a man carrying a devil, and against the W.
wall a squatting figure. A certain amount of old glass
remains; in the E. window are quarries with roses
and foliage, also several roundels almost entirely modern
but incorporating a few ancient fragments and a black
letter inscription with the name St. Thomas. In the
N. windows are two shields of Coningsby impaling
Fitzwilliam, dated respectively 1613 and 1614; a
reversed shield of Lenthall impaling a coat of checky
or and azure, partly modern; various fragments, a crest,
two sitting coneys, the initials T and P.C., a shield
of Lenthall impaling a second Lenthall coat with a
label; also various quarries and fragments which may
be old; the Lenthall arms are presumably 15th-century. In the hall, W. of the chapel, are a series
of panels with painted shields showing the alliances
of the Coningsby family and probably of early 18th-century date; they are set in modern framing. In
the N.E. angle-turret is an oblong stone tank, bolted
together and called Lenthall's Bath. The staircase, W.
of the gatehouse, is of early 18th-century date and has a
scrolled wrought-iron balustrade and a moulded handrail. A room in the projecting S.W. wing has an early
18th-century marble surround to the fireplace. On the
first floor the original level is retained only in the W.
and parts of the N. and S. ranges; elsewhere the main
floor has been greatly heightened. In the turret in the
S.E. angle of the courtyard is a 15th-century recess with
a cinque-foiled head and remains of a broken basin.
On the first floor of the gatehouse is a fireplace with
an early 18th-century marble surround; the adjoining
newel-staircase has remains of a wooden handrail,
probably of the 16th or 17th century.
An Outbuilding, N.W. of the house, is probably of
16th-century date. It is of rubble and of five bays
with buttresses. The N. and S. gables have old round
b(3). Winsley House, and outbuildings, nearly 1¾ m.
W. of the church. The House is of two storeys, partly
timber-framed, with later brickwork and stone; the
roofs are covered with stone slates. A block at the
N.W. corner of the house, formerly of one storey but
now divided up and faced with brick, dates probably
from the 14th century and is the earliest part of the
existing house. The adjoining portions forming wings
towards the E. and S. were re-built early in the 16th
century, with the porch towards the courtyard. The
S. wing was extended early in the 17th century. The
outer walls of this extension and the whole of the walls
of the ground storey towards the courtyard were
re-built in stone, except the porch. Late in the 18th
century the outer N. and W. fronts were refaced or
re-built in red brick, the E. wing extended and the
former range E. of the courtyard destroyed. The
existing building S. of the W. wing is modern but
incorporates a door-head carved with the date 1610.
On the S. of the courtyard is an outbuilding partly of
The house has early 16th-century timber-framing of
The N. and W. fronts are all of 18th-century brickwork except for a timber-framed bay-window with a
lead cupola which may be an earlier addition. The
S. front of the N. range has a stone lower storey with
an added staircase-projection. The upper storey has
some exposed and close-set timber-framing; the W. bay
has moulded bressummers at the first floor level and at
the base of the gable; the projecting porch (Plate 36)
has similar framing and moulded bressummers; the
barge-boards are carved with a partly defaced inscription
in early 16th-century capitals "[Per signum tau] libera
nos Jeesv." At the N. end of the E. face of the S.
range is a wide bay with close-set timber-framing with
the gable projecting on a moulded and embattled
bressummer. Inside the building, the original 14th-century block has an open roof of three main bays;
the main trusses have tie-beams on shaped wall-posts
and very short king-posts supporting the collar-beams;
the subsidiary trusses have collar-beams only, with
curved braces; the wind-braces are cusped. The
Kitchen, adjoining this block on the E., has an early
16th-century ceiling divided into panels by moulded
beams. A room in the S. wing has a late 16th-century
plaster panel in the ceiling with a fleur-de-lis, roses and
cherub-heads. Other rooms have exposed ceiling-beams.
The Barn and cow-house, S. of the house, are of the
17th century and timber-framed.
a(4). Middle Hill, house, 2½ m. W.N.W. of the
church, is of two storeys with cellars; the walls are
timber-framed and the roofs are covered with tiles and
slates. The N. part of the house consists of the E. bay
of a 14th-century hall and a contemporary E. cross-wing
of two storeys. The hall was divided into two storeys
in the 17th century, the W. part taken down and the
remaining part incorporated in a higher and wider building; the E. wing was also extended towards the S. The
original central truss (Plate 39) of the hall remains in
the present W. wall; it is of crutch-type with a braced
collar beam and struts above forming three foiled
openings with the blades of the crutch. The N. end
of the cross-wing has the original square framing with
curved braces exposed in the upper storey and gable.
Inside this wing the original heavy ceiling-beams are
exposed. Much of the later timber-framing is exposed.
The following monuments, unless otherwise
described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys,
timber-framed, and with tile or slate-covered roofs.
Most of the buildings have exposed external timber-framing and internal ceiling-beams.
Condition—Good or fairly good.
a(5). Crossways Cottage, on the N. edge of the parish,
420 yards N.N.E. of (4), has been heightened.
a(6). Cottage, on the W. side of the road, 70 yards S.
of (4), has a thatched roof.
a(7). Cottage, on the E. side of the road, 70 yards
S.S.E. of (6), has been heightened.
a(8). Cottage, two tenements, on the E. side of the
road, 70 yards S.S.E. of (7), was built in the first half
of the 16th century as part of a larger building. The
upper storey projects at the N. end on curved brackets
on small shafts attached to the main posts.
a(9). Cottage, on the E. side of the road, at Upper
Hill, 80 yards S.W. of Pigeonhouse Farm, was built
early in the 18th century and subsequently heightened.
a(10). Cottage, on the S. side of the road, 220 yards
S.S.W. of (9), has a thatched roof.
a(11). Cottage, 60 yards E. of (10), has a modern W.
a(12). The Yoke, house and outbuilding, on the W.
side of Upper Hill, 2½ m. W. of the church. The
House has been re-built except for the early 18th-century
S. wing. The Outbuilding S. of the house is of rather
a(13). Cottage, 240 yards S.S.E. of (12), is of late
17th or early 18th-century date and has a thatched roof.
a(14). The Lodge, house, on the E. side of Upper Hill,
350 yards E. of (12), is of two storeys with attics, and
the walls are partly of rubble.
a(15). The Well, house, 100 yards N.E. of (14), is of
L-shaped plan with the wings extending towards the
N. and W. There is an unusually large well E. of the
a(16). Cottage, 20 yards N. of (15), has been
a(17). Cottage, two tenements, 70 yards N.W. of
(16), is weather-boarded and has a thatched roof.
a(18). Cottage, 140 yards N. of (17), has a modern
a(19). Broomwell Farm, house on the S. border of the
parish, 1,500 yards S.W. of (3), has been re-built except
for the N. wing.
c(20). Cottage, 1,650 yards S.W. of the church.
c(21). Cottage, 70 yards E. of (20), has been
heightened and has a modern brick front.
c(22). Cottage, 140 yards E.N.E. of (21), has a corrugated-iron roof.
c(23). Cottage, on the W. side of the road, ¾ m.
S.S.W. of the church, has a later extension on the N.E.
b(24). Cottage, on the W. side of the road, 300 yards
N. of (23), has been heightened.
b(25). Cottage, on the E. side of the road, nearly
opposite (24), has been heightened.
b(26). House, two tenements, on the W. side of the
road immediately N. of the railway and 800 yards
S.S.W. of the church, is built of stone. The E.
chimney-stack has three attached diagonal shafts. Two
upper windows on the E. front have solid frames,
mullions, and transoms.
b(27). House, two tenements, on the E. side of the
road, 50 yards N.E. of (26), has a later extension on
b(28). House, two tenements, on the W. side of the
road, 40 yards N.W. of (27), is of L-shaped plan with
the wings extending towards the N. and E. The E.
wing is a rather later addition and has diagonal framing
in the E. gable.
b(29). Cottage, and Post Office, immediately N. of
(28), has been mostly re-built in stone and brick.
b(30). Cottage, on the W. side of the road, 100 yards
N.N.E. of (29) and 600 yards S.S.W. of the church,
has a corrugated-iron roof.
b(31). Cottage, 120 yards N. of (30).
c(32). Cottage, two tenements, on the E. side of the
Hereford road, 1 m. S.S.W. of the church.
c(33). Cottage, nearly opposite (32).
b(34). Codling Hall, cottage, 350 yards N.W. of the
church, was built late in the 17th or early in the 18 th
b(35). Brownsland Farm, house and outbuilding, 600
yards W.N.W. of the church. The House is of two
periods in the 17th century, the northern being the
later and having an 18th-century extension beyond it.
The Outbuilding, N.E. of the house, is of four bays and
incorporates some re-used early 16th-century moulded