This Inventory of the earthworks of Northamptonshire covers parishes in the north-western part of
the county. In it the policy regarding content and scope largely follows that of the earlier Inventories.
Apart from Roman roads (Appendix), the monuments are listed in the following order, under the
names of the Civil Parishes in which they lie:
(1) Prehistoric and Roman Monuments.
(2) Medieval and Later Earthworks.
(3) Undated Earthworks, etc.
Each parish entry has a short introductory note, summarizing the physical topography, major
monuments and history.
National Grid references are given for all monuments; a map of the whole area is in the pocket
inside the back cover. A superior letter before a monument number refers to the sheet number in the
OS 1: 10000 map series, as listed at the head of the parish.
The entries in the Inventory are necessarily much condensed and where a site has been adequately
described elsewhere few details are given and the reader is directed to the relevant publication.
Many of the plans included in the text have been prepared from air-photographic evidence. Every
attempt has been made to avoid inaccuracy, but a number of drawings showing crop or soil-marks
have been plotted from oblique air photographs only and therefore the locations shown may in some
cases differ slightly from the actual, although general comparative sizes are correct. Furthermore,
crop and soil conditions prevailing when the air photographs were taken have sometimes made
interpretation difficult. Only those features considered as being archaeologically significant have been
included in the illustrations. No attempt has been made to show the correct widths of ditches. Pit
alignments and other arrangements of pits are shown conventionally; the precise number of pits, and
variations in their size and shape, have not been reproduced.
The present locations of finds are, if known, indicated in the Inventory. Chance finds which are
unrelated to monuments have not been included in the Inventory except when their importance
warrants it or when it is likely that one of the monuments described in the Inventory was their
Roman roads in the area are described together in an Appendix, and are identified by the numbers
given to them by I. D. Margary in Roman Roads in Britain, I (1955).
All earthworks listed in the Inventory have been inspected by our Investigator, and those which
are of major importance, or have proved difficult of analysis, have been re-examined on a number of
occasions. Some monuments have been destroyed since their investigation, but these have been
included in the Inventory. All of the recording was carried out in 1976–7 and alterations to the
monuments occurring since 1977 have not been described.
Work of this nature can seldom escape the inclusion of some errors, but it is believed that those in
this survey are neither numerous nor serious. Any corrections may be sent to the Secretary with a
view to their inclusion in the final Northamptonshire Inventory.
The present rate both of destruction and discovery of monuments renders it unlikely that any
inventory will be definitive, particularly with regard to prehistoric and Roman remains.
Archaeological sites are constantly being discovered and it is hoped that a record of material found
subsequently to this publication will be incorporated in the appendix to a later Inventory.