This Volume, the first of a series devoted to the County of Cambridge, contains the official Report
of the Commission with the list of monuments selected as especially worthy of preservation; a
Sectional Preface, which under subject headings discusses the local and national significance of the listed
monuments; an illustrated Inventory with a description of the monuments visited; an armorial of
heraldry, comprehensive before 1600 and selective thereafter; a glossary of archaeological, architectural
and heraldic terms; a map showing the parishes described in the Inventory, and an Index.
The monuments will be found under the heads of parishes arranged alphabetically. The order adopted
is as follows:
(1) An Introduction to the topography of the parish.
(2) Ecclesiastical Buildings.
(3) Secular Buildings.
(4) Earthworks and Cultivation Remains.
The number preceding the name of each parish is the reference for that parish as shown on the map
at the end of the book. In a second line the relevant Ordnance Survey map sheets (scale 6 inches to the
mile) are listed; small letters prefixed to the sheet numbers and to the Inventory entries indicate the sheet
on which each monument appears. Within the parish, monuments are numbered consecutively, and
generally this number is used to locate them on specially drawn maps of the parish accompanying the
text; the position of those monuments lying beyond the limits of such maps is given by national grid
The standardisation of the spelling of proper names in the Commission's Inventories has always
presented difficulties owing to variations over the centuries, which are due partly to their phonetic values
and partly to individual caprice. In general therefore we have thought it best in the matter of place names
to adhere to the spelling adopted by the Ordnance Survey, without prejudice as to its accuracy. In the
matter of personal names, in treating of individual funerary monuments, etc., the spelling on the memorial
has been reproduced, while in the rest of the text the normal modern spelling of names has been followed.
The descriptions of the monuments are of necessity much compressed, but the underlying principle
on which accounts are based is the same throughout. The account of the more important buildings begins
with a brief description of the materials and extent of the fabric, and a historical summary. Then follows
a detailed architectural description of the exterior, the interior and, finally, the fittings. The accounts of
less important buildings are still further compressed from the full record made in the field. In this
Cambridgeshire Inventory the opportunity has been taken to devise simple classifications both for small
houses and moated sites, in order to reduce the amount of repetitive description. It is hoped that these
classifications may also help to further the study of such monuments elsewhere.
To ensure clearness of description, many drawn plans, sections and elevations of monuments are
included in the text. Generally, the plans of the more important buildings are reproduced at a scale of
24 feet to the inch and hatched to show the different dates of the fabric. Plans without drawn scales are
reproduced at a uniform scale of 48 feet to the inch and have a simplified form of hatching, black, dotted
or white, to show early and later work: the use will be apparent from the relevant text. In a few plans of
timber-framed houses, for clarity, the structural timbers alone are shown black. Sections and elevations
are reproduced at a scale of 6 feet or 12 feet to the inch.
Most of the timber-framed buildings recorded have been more or less altered during the centuries;
often many of the structural timbers have been cut away and only mortices or peg-holes remain in
evidence of their former existence. In order to make the drawn sections and elevations of these buildings
reproduced in the Inventory more readily intelligible, such timbers are restored upon the basis of this
evidence, but they are shown in dotted line. Where the actual shape of the timber still remains unknown,
a question-mark is added.
The half-tone illustrations are derived, with a few exceptions, from photographs taken by the Commission's photographic staff, the chief exceptions being those taken by Dr. J. K. S. St. Joseph, Curator
of Aerial Photography in the University of Cambridge. They make an essential contribution to the
understanding of the monuments described. To this end, we have also reproduced a number of informative
early maps and drawings of considerable interest. Our acknowledgments to the owners or custodians of
these important documents will be found in the Report to Her Majesty.
In accordance with the Commission's practice, no monument has been included which has not been
inspected, and the account of every monument of importance has been checked in situ by one of my
fellow Commissioners, our Secretary or the editor. A further guarantee of accuracy lies in the fact that
all the proofs of the Inventory have been read by my fellow Commissioners; thanks are particularly due
to Professor H. C. Darby, Dr. C. A. R. Radford, Sir John Summerson, Professor J. G. D. Clark and
Professor W. F. Grimes in this connection. Nevertheless in a work of such intricacy there must be some
mistakes, but I hope that these are neither numerous nor serious. My colleagues and I shall welcome any
corrections of the Inventory that may be sent to me with a view to their possible inclusion in some future
I would draw attention to the fact that the record cards for Cambridgeshire may be consulted by
accredited persons who give notice of their intention to the Secretary of the Commission at Fielden
House, 10 Great College Street, London, S.W. 1. Copies of photographs may be bought on application to
the National Monuments Record, Fielden House, 10 Great College Street, London, S.W. 1.