(O.S. 6 ins. aTL 35 S.E., bTL 45 S.W.)
Haslingfield is a village on the N.W. bank of the Rhee
5 m. S.W. of Cambridge. The parish of 2948 acres is a
large one, although nearly 400 acres of this total were
transferred from Trumpington in 1934. Apart from this
addition, which includes Monument (3 5 (b)), the area is
fairly compact. The Bourn Brook and the Rhee, forming respectively the N. and E. boundaries, meet at a
point about 1000 yds. N.E. of the confluence of the Cam
and the Rhee some 25ft. above O.D. To the W. the
boundary with Harlton reflects the divisions of the open
fields; the S. boundary, especially on the higher ground
of Chapel Hill, 216 ft., is comparatively straight. The
soil varies from lower chalk, covered with boulder clay
on the hill tops, through gault to river gravel, the last
occupying a substantial area in the angle between the
Bourn Brook and the river.
The village, on a spring line at the foot of the chalk,
occupies an E. and W. oval area of about 100 acres, the
perimeter of which is outlined by lanes; further lanes
and paths intersect the area apparently haphazardly but
include the High Street immediately E. of the church.
The E. extremity of the village rests against the left bank
of the river, which here makes a sharp turn to the E.
The lay-out may derive from an oval green similar to,
but larger than, that partly surviving in the neighbouring
village of Barrington. If so, enclosure must have begun
at an early period, for the position and history of Haslingfield Hall (Monument (2)) connote a comparatively
late stage in the supposed process, yet one which cannot
have taken place later than the 16th century. The initial
siting and subsequent enlargement of the church on a
somewhat awkward site are also of interest in this
The S.E. bank of the river is now reached by road
from Haslingfield via Harston. The enclosure map of
Harston, dated 1799, shows no corresponding bridge,
and this route would appear to have supplanted an
earlier crossing immediately E. of Haslingfield. Today
only a footbridge (N.G. TL 41485228) links the village
with a decayed road to Hauxton in continuation of that
from Harlton and the Eversdens. About this point the
Harston parish boundary takes in a small enclave on the
N.W. bank evidently the site of a mill or mills. The
enclosure map of Haslingfield shows that this old river
crossing was already obsolete in 1810.
At Domesday 7 hides and 1 virgate were held by the
king, and land in the parish had been royal demesne
from an early date. The family of Scales had the
manor during the 14th century. Their successors by
female inheritance sold it to Thomas Wendy, physician
to Henry VIII, in whose family it remained until the
18th century. Haslingfield Hall, with its park and
ancillary buildings, seems by then already to have
fallen into decay and subsequently became ruinous.
Fittings probably from the house, reused or loose,
have come to light in two houses in the village
(Monuments (6) and (16)); the De La Warrs, who
acquired the manor apparently during the first decade
of the 19th century, moved the staircase and a chimney
piece to Bourn Hall (see Bourn (2)); they also re-erected one of the barns and incorporated much other
material at Cantelupe Farm (Monument (21)).
In the late mediaeval period Haslingfield was a
place of pilgrimage. The cult of Our Lady of White
Hill attracted many offerings including a pair of gyves
offered by one of the Lord Scales in thanksgiving for
deliverance from French captivity (C.A.S. 8vo. Publs.
LIII (1935), 103–5). The site of the chapel is preserved in
the name Chapel Bush (N.G. TL 402516) but there are
no visible remains.
General enclosure in Haslingfield was by act of 1810,
the award being made in 1820. Prior to this time a number of houses, mostly 17th-century and of Class-J
design, had been put up in the village, many in or on the
edge of the central oval. Some of these 17th-century
dwellings as well as a number of the 18th-century and
later houses were no doubt encroachments; Monument
(9) is a documented example. Houses not listed and
built after 1715, most of which are subsequent to parliamentary enclosure, exhibit a variety of materials including clay bat, clunch, and boarding as well as white
brick. The outsize red bricks described at the end of the
introduction to the parish of Bourn are also to be seen
in Haslingfield and were presumably a product of the
De La Warr estate. Detached houses predominate in
this comparatively busy post-enclosure building phase
but there are also some small terraces.
b(1) Parish Church of All Saints (Plate 70) stands
near the S.W. edge of the village. A lane in continuation
of High Street, now reduced to a footpath, passes hard
by on the N. and, except for a few very recent graves,
burials are confined to the E., S. and W. of the church.
The irregularly shaped churchyard is bounded by low
walls of clunch and white brick except to the N. The
fabric consists of a Chancel, Nave with Aisles and Porches,
and West Tower. The walls are mostly of clunch ashlar
but the chancel is of field stones and the plinth of the
tower is faced with carstone rubble; the dressings are
clunch and freestone. The chancel roof is tiled; the remainder, including a short octagonal spire, is leaded. The
side walls of the chancel are substantially of the 12th
century; they are presumably those of a Norman chancel
or nave. Some dressings, apparently of the 12th century,
have been reused in the tower. A general rebuilding,
begun towards the end of the 13th century and proceeding slowly at first, gathered momentum during
the first half of the 14th century. This rebuilding involved enlargement to the W.; a line of subsidence at
right angles to the axis of the church in the last bay of
the nave may indicate suppression of a N. prolongation
of the Barrington road, which now stops in a T-junction
immediately S. of the churchyard.
The most important patrons of the new work were
probably the Scales family: initially Robert, first Lord
Scales (d. 1305), and his wife Isabel (d. before 1335),
who had been a Burnel by birth (The Complete Peerage
XI (1949), 500, and see Glass (1) below); followed by
Robert, second Lord (d. 1324), and Robert, third Lord
with his wife Catherine, born de Ufford, daughter of
the Earl of Suffolk (see Roof of S. aisle described below).
A consecration was carried out by Thomas de Lisle,
bishop of Ely, in November 1352, by which time the
nave with its aisles, including their roofs, was presumably
complete. The tower was added later in the century or
c. 1400. A chapel of the Assumption of the Blessed
Virgin Mary, mentioned in the will of William Skelman (d. 1494) as being in the churchyard, served a guild
of the same name founded 1343–4. It is not shown on the
enclosure map of 1810 and its exact site is unknown.
After the Reformation the most influential family in the
parish was that of Wendy. In or about 1619 the chancel,
described in a visitation of 1593 as being 'in great decaye', was refurbished by them. There was a general
restoration under the direction of William Fawcett
in 1875–9, when the E. wall was rebuilt, the vestry
added and the nave re-roofed. The tower was repaired
Architectural Description—The Chancel (36½ ft. by 17½ ft.
E. to 17 ft. W.) has a rebuilt E. wall with a modern window
but retains at either end restored lateral buttresses, some
2½ ft. in width. These features, which are not uniform, are
partly faced with clunch and other ashlar in situ and conceivably
represent the western extremities of a building which stood
E. of the present chancel. The E. half of the N. wall is without
openings and part at least is of the 12th century; an original
pilaster buttress survives some 4 ft. from the present E. end. W.
of this buttress, continuing as far as the E. wall of the vestry, is
a length of three-sided original external string-course carved
with saw-tooth ornament. The W. half of the wall with
modern openings to the vestry has been extensively rebuilt.
The 12th-century S. wall has an external string-course, interrupted at the S. door, uniform with that described. A buttresslike projection at the E. end of the wall is similar to but wider
than the corresponding feature on the N. side and may have
been enlarged. W. of it are three windows: the first is of two
trefoiled ogee lights with reticulated tracery and a moulded
label; the second, over the S. door, is of a single trefoiled
light; the third resembles but is not quite uniform with the
first. The blocked S. door is of two continuous chamfered
orders. All the openings are of the early 14th century or c.
1300, somewhat restored. The chancel arch is of two moulded
orders with a moulded label to the nave enriched with dog-tooth; it is of the early to mid 13th century but may have been
rebuiltandrises off apparently later 13th-century responds which
are half piers, of similar section to the nave arcades described
below, with moulded caps enriched with nail-head, and holdwater bases.
Haslingfield, the Parish Church of All Saints
Reset in the E. wall of the modern vestry is a heavily restored window, late 13th-century or early 14th-century, of two
trefoiled lights with a quatrefoil in the head; Cole's notes
(B.M. Add. MS. 5803, 59) make it clear that this window was
in the W. half of the N. wall of the chancel.
The Nave (67½ ft. by 23½ ft.) has similar but not uniform
arcades of five bays each. The late 13th- or early 14th-century
N. arcade has arches of two orders, each with a double hollow
chamfer, and moulded labels with small head stops on the nave
side. The piers are of quatrefoil design with filleted half
shafts, attached to a square central block, with moulded caps
and bases; the responds are half piers but their moulded caps
and bases have earlier profiles. The superficial resemblance
between the S. and the N. arcades is close, the piers being of the
same design, but on the S. side the profiles of the caps and
bases are more advanced and the arches, though their labels
are uniform with those on the N. side, are in two chamfered
orders with a hollow in each chamfer, suggesting a somewhat
later date. The responds resemble those of the N. arcade
except that the moulded base of the restored E. respond is of
part-octagonal plan. The clearstorey has four windows on
either side placed over the piers, each of two ogee trefoiled
lights with cusped spandrels in a square head and a moulded
label; those on the N. side have been heavily restored and the
mullions and tracery of those on the S. side are modern. At the
apex of the E. gable of the nave is an original pierced and
foliated gable cross.
The North Aisle (11 ft. wide) is of the first half of the 14th
century and has a moulded plinth of two stages and angle
buttresses of three stages finished with gables below a plain
parapet. There are four windows in the long wall and one at
either end, uniformly designed with three trefoiled ogee lights
and reticulated tracery; the W. window has been heavily
restored; their external labels are returned against the buttresses,
while the internal labels form part of a moulded string, broken
by corbels carved as heads beneath the wall posts of the aisle
roof. The N. doorway has an arch of two moulded orders, the
outer continuous, the inner dying into a chamfer in the jambs,
a segmental-pointed rear arch and moulded external and internal labels.
The South Aisle (12 ft. wide; Plate 95) generally resembles the
N. aisle but may be of slightly later date; the tracery of the
windows, which has been entirely though correctly restored,
is of a flowing type, and their external labels, also completely
restored, are stopped at the springing. The S. doorway is
larger than the N. doorway but is otherwise uniform with it.
The 14th-century North Porch has been much restored externally. The entrance is in two continuous orders, chamfered
in the jambs, which are modern, and moulded in the head;
it has a moulded label. The side windows are of two trefoiled
lights with a quatrefoil in a depressed head. Inside, reset at the
N. end of the E. wall, is a quatre-foiled panel in a rectangular
splayed recess. The South Porch, also 14th-century, has an entrance of two continuous orders, moulded in the head; the
jambs are eroded. The square-headed side windows, each of
two trefoiled lights, are partially blocked. At the S. end
of the E. wall is a third window consisting of a single quatrefoil light, much weathered and blocked. The stone benches
may be original.
The West Tower (15 ft. by 14 ft.; Plate 94) is of three
architectural stages and is supported by clasping buttresses which
rise to the embattled parapet where they terminate in octagonal
embattled pinnacles; at the W. corners there are additional
angle buttresses of three stages. The S.W. buttressing has
additional canted faces to the N.W. and S.E., carried on
squinches, in which are set the small lights of the lower vice;
beneath the N.W. squinch is a carved head, much weathered.
The tower has a moulded plinth panelled with quatrefoils and
moulded string-courses between each stage and below the
parapet, the last broken by a gargoyle in each face. The W.
doorway, set beneath a moulded and embattled cornice, has
continuous moulded jambs and inner head and moulded
square outer head with a label carried on small attached shafts
which have moulded caps; the mouldings of the outer head,
and the attached shafts intersect with those of the plinth
(Plate 8); the spandrels between the inner and the outer head
are filled with blind tracery. The W. window (Plate 10)
occupies the upper part of the bottom stage: it has a bold
weathered sill and is divided by a central primary and two side
mullions into four cinque-foiled lights, with tracery in the
head composed of three oblong quatrefoils, flanked by vertical
bars which rise from the apices of the lights and intersect with
the twin forks of the primary mullion; its moulded square
label forms an outer head with cusped spandrels and is made
up of two vertical side-pieces with head stops which die
against the first-stage string. The intermediate stage has in
each of the N., W. and S. faces a circular window in a square
outer frame, sub-divided into three vertical cinque-foiled lights;
that to the S. is obscured by the clock dial. In each face of the
top stage is a pair of lofty windows under a common square
label with cusped spandrels, each window divided by a mullion
and transom into two cinque-foiled lights with a quatrefoil
flanked by short vertical bars in the head. The windows have
boldly weathered sills which intrude into the intermediate
stage, the string-course between the stages being lowered to
admit them. The W. window of the top stage and the entire
parapet with its pinnacles have been restored in freestone. The
floor of the tower is raised above that of the nave and is reached
by a narrow flight of three steps under the tower arch. The
arch, which is lofty, thus gains in impressiveness; it is of three
large moulded orders to the E., the two outer continuous with
the responds and stopped at the base, the inmost, with the
uniform inmost order on the W. face, rising off part-circular
shafts with moulded caps and bases. There are two outer
chamfered orders to the W., considerably smaller than those
on the E. side and merging into a single chamfer in the respond. The ascent of the tower is by two successive vices; the
lower one in the S.W. corner is entered by a square-headed
doorway, the jambs of which are worked with chamfers which
are carried up into a rectangular over-door consisting of an
arched and trefoiled panel and two sunk spandrels. The stair
is reached through a small lobby with four-centred ceiling and
rear arch. On the underside of the lower treads is a four-centred relieving arch framing a mutilated boss carved as a
clown's head. The lower vice issues at the S. end of the W.
wall into the ringing chamber which is entered through a
small lobby by a rebated doorway with a four-centred head.
An intermediate doorway to the W. gallery has been intruded
into the lower vice, apparently in the 18th century. The upper
vice, which is unlit, is in the N.W. corner and rises into the
bell chamber where it is finished with a rough dome; it has
doorways at the foot and head similar to those of the lower
The Roof of the chancel has a boarded and painted ceiling,
of barrel form with seven sides, rising from an entablature at
the wall head which is broken for a pediment over the monument to Thomas and Elizabeth Wendy (see Monuments and
Floor slabs, Monument (3) below), and is probably of c. 1619.
It is divided into rectangular panels by moulded ribs. The
painting is 17th-century, probably restored in the 19th-century.
The lean-to roof of the N. aisle is of the 14th century, restored,
and is in five bays ranging with the arcade; the moulded
principals rafters are supported by moulded and curved braces
rising off original stone corbels as heads, and forming two-centred arches, the spandrels being filled with elaborate
pierced tracery. A moulded central purlin intersects the
principals at the apices of these arches, the junctions being
ornamented with foliated bosses. The roof of the S. aisle is
similar. Cole's description (B.M. Add. MS. 5803, 66) suggests
that the bosses of the aisle roofs have been rearranged; the
second and third (Plate 18) now on the S. side are carved
respectively with shields of Scales and Ufford(?). The segmental roof over the S. porch is covered with lead having a
panel embossed with the names of churchwardens and the
date '1746'; the sub-structure, which includes some reused
material, may be coeval.
Fittings—Armour (Plate 83): hung over Monument (4),
consisting of painted and gilded helmet, late 16th-century;
sword, bridle gauntlets and spurs, 17th-century. Bells: five;
recast in 1816 two reproducing the dates 1615 and 1668;
fifth again recast in 1960. Bell frame: old. Brass: In E. wall of
N. aisle, in wooden frame, of Anna Ensor (Plate 22), 1654.
Clock: iron framed, probably late 18th-century, restored and
reset. Door: In tower, at head of lower vice, consisting of a
single plank; old. Font: octagonal, stone bowl with moulded
underside, modern clunch stem and moulded stone base;
originally standing against the fourth pier of the S. arcade;
14th-century. Font cover: wooden, in the form of an eightsided pyramid with moulded ribs, turned finial at the apex
and smaller finials at the corners of the moulded base; 17th-century. Glass: In E. window of vestry incorporated in a
modern design (1) fragments of grisaille, two small mutilated
nimbed figures in blue, one with a halo and two shields,
respectively of Scales and of Burnel; 14th-century. In N. aisle
windows and in W. window of S. aisle, in the heads of the
lights and in the tracery (2) fragments, some in situ, of tabernacle
work and foliation, pierced roundels, etc.; 14th-century. In
last two windows on S. side of clearstorey (3) some quarries;
15th- or 16th-century.
Monuments and Floor slabs. Monuments: In chancel—on N.
wall (1) of Francis Wendy, 1646; grey marble tablet, with
shaped apron, cornice, cartouche of arms and crest of Wendy,
enriched with swags and consoles, all of alabaster (see also
Floor slab (4)); (2) of Elizabeth Wendy (Wentworth), 1658;
in black marble and alabaster, consisting of kneeling effigy,
with long veil, facing E. to prayer desk on which is an open
book; flanking Ionic columns rise to a shallow hood with
enriched soffit, surmounted by scrolled broken pediment framing cartouche of arms and flanked by urns; in base is a tablet
with framing of arabesque and an apron carved with death's
head (see also Floor slab (3)); on S. wall (3) of Thomas Wendy,
1612, and his wife Elizabeth (Atkins), 1592 (Plate 82); elaborate
memorial in marble and alabaster erected by their son Sir
William Wendy in 1619. The composition consists of a recess
in two stages flanked by Corinthian columns on tall pedestals
supporting a shallow hood; the crowning entablature and open
pediment in wood are integrated with the painted roof of the
chancel described with the fabric, and enclose a cartouche of
arms with crest. Within the recess on an upper shelf under
twin arches are the kneeling effigies of the wife (E.), and
husband in academic dress (W.), facing each other across a
double prayer desk; on a lower shelf and in front of his
parents are similar effigies of Sir William Wendy, in
armour, and his wife Blanche (Coniesby). The arches over
the upper figures framed two shields of arms, that to the W.
now missing; a third shield is placed against the bottom of
the prayer desk between the lower figures. A framed and
inscribed tablet is the central feature of an apron flanked by
cherub heads; immediately above the apron affixed to the fore
edge of the lower shelf are four further shields of arms (five
more are missing); (4) of Thomas Wendy, K.B., (d. 1673),
erected by his wife Lettice (Willoughby) (Plate 83); semidomed recess with panelled side pilasters, surmounted by an
achievement of arms, in which is a standing effigy of white
marble wearing coat and breeches, stock, long cloak and wig;
below the niche is a black marble tablet in a scrolled frame (see
also Armour above and Floor slab (6)); (5) of Simon Ertman,
1658, black marble tablet in scrolled alabaster surround
carved with globes and mathematical instruments (see also
Floor slab (1)). In N. aisle—on N. wall (6) of Ann,
widow of John Buckbery, her daughter Martha Cartwright
and grandson Edmund Cartwright, no dates; erected by the
Lady Lettice Wendy; 17th-century. In the churchyard—a few
18th-century headstones. Floor slabs: In chancel—(1) of Simon
Ertman, inscribed with name only (see also Monument (5));
(2) of Catherine Winstanley (Willoughby), 1694; with lozenge
of arms; (3) of Elizabeth Wendy, inscribed with name only
(see also Monument (2)); (4) of Francis Wendy, inscribed with
name only (see also Monument (1)); (5) of Thomas Wendy,
1633, 'the 3d sonn of Thomas Wendy'; (6) of Thomas Wendy,
K.B., 1673, and his wife Lettice, 1696 (see also Monument
(4)); (7) of Thomas Stewart, 1688, 'Heíre at Law to Sir Thomas
Wendy'; all of black marble. In doorway between chancel and
vestry—(8) of Rev. [Timothy Per]kins, [1788, and Jane, his
wife, 1787]; only a few letters are now legible (G. E. Davis,
MS. History of Haslingfield, xxi, 28). In nave—(9) inscribed
'PS AG 70 1833'. In S. aisle—a number of fragmentary headstones reused as paving.
Niche: In S. aisle—S. of E. window, cut down and remodelled, retaining part of a miniature vaulted canopy;
14th-century or later. Piscina: In S. aisle, with moulded jambs,
cinque-foiled ogee head and broken quatrefoil drain; 14th-century. Plate: includes cup, London 1847. Pulpit: made
up with woodwork in part at least from the 'double-decker'
illustrated in Churches of Cambridgeshire (1845), opp. 97,
and incorporating a mediaeval octagonal stem and pierced
sides divided into four trefoiled lights by a mullion and a transom.
Scratchings: include in W. tower—on underside of tread at the
head of the lower vice (1) 'John Ha[d?]e.. Anno dni~ 1561';
on jambs and head of door at top of upper vice; (2) 'Rychard
Bacon an~o d... 1569'; (3) 'Johes~...', late mediaeval; (4) 'Robart
Haward de hcg... de haslingfeld An~o dmi~ 1542'. Seating: In
nave, incorporates some late mediaeval plain square ends with
applied buttresses and simply-moulded top rails. Stoup:
Inside and to the E. of S. door, with chamfered and broachstopped jambs and trefoiled ogee head, bowl hacked back to
wall face; 14th-century. Weather-vane: On spire, copper cock;
perhaps 18th-century. Miscellaneous: Loose in N. porch (1)
four wooden roof bosses enriched with chip carving, conventional foliage, etc., some traces of old paint; affixed to
modern organ case (2) two similar roof bosses; all probably
from the nave roof replaced 1875–9, or by exchange from the
aisles; mostly 17th-century but one or two possibly mediaeval.
Incorporated in three modern seats and in the modern wooden
altar (3) quantity of panels and strips carved with guilloche,
marigolds and other conventional architectural or floral
motifs of the first half of the 17th century. Incorporated in two
modern prayer desks (4) cusping, probably from the old
chancel screen illustrated in Churches of Cambridgeshire (1845),
made up into pierced quatrefoils; 14th-century.
b(2) Haslingfield Hall consists of a house, park and
buildings. The site is moated (Monument (34)) but is
described below with the park, so as to reflect as far as
possible the unity of the earthworks and the standing
remains. The house itself is the remnant of a mansion
which was reduced to its present size between 1814
and 1819. A number of drawings by Relhan (C.A.S.
Library), including a general view of the house and park
before the reduction (Plate 28), are valuable evidence
for its history. In the early 19th century the nucleus
consisted of an E. and W. range some 93 ft. long,
having a central hall, balancing turrets or oriels on the
S. front, and perhaps some projecting wings at the
Layer, writing c. 1639, says Haslingfield Hall was put
up by Thomas Wendy, physician to Henry VIII
(B.M. Harl. MS. 6768, 45); he acquired the property
in 1541 and died in 1560. He may have been building
c. 1555, the date carved on a chimney piece (Plate 56)
formerly in the first-floor room at the E. end and now
at Bourn Hall (see above). The Tudor mansion was
remodelled in the subsequent century probably by Sir
Thomas Wendy, K.B. (d. 1673), when the old work was
cased in brick on the S., E. and W. and a top storey,
also in brick, added. One of the features introduced at
this time was a fine staircase housed in a projection on the
N. side of the hall at its E., probably solar, end. The
grounds were also much improved, most of the surviving walls and other features described below being
substantially of the Restoration period. Thomas Wendy's
widow outlived him by 23 years. At her death, if not
before, the property fell into decay; Blomefield writing
in 1726 describes the house, which had been empty for
12 years, as ruinous. Between 1814 and 1819 the bulk
of the house apart from the E. end was demolished by
the fifth Earl De La Warr who removed to Bourn Hall
the staircase and chimney piece; the remnant was put
into habitable order. Some materials from the house
seem to have been reused elsewhere (e.g. in Monuments
(16) and (21)); woodwork recently discovered in the
attic of Monument (6) is also likely to have come from
the Hall. Few changes have occurred since the early
19th century though some ground along the S. frontage
has recently been sold off for building.
The House is three-storeyed, partly of brick and partly
framed, with gable-ended and tiled roofs. The irregular S.
front is mostly of 17th-century red brick with projecting plinth
and stuccoed platbands at the floor levels. The windows are
early 19th-century insertions and the W. end of the elevation
is in 19th-century brick, this being the point at which the E.
balancing turret shown by Relhan has been removed. The E.
end (Plate 100) is gabled and has the plinth and platbands returned from the front with three windows or other openings
in each stage (some blind or blocked) all with plain architraves
of stuccoed brick. The centre opening on the first floor is a
doorway on to a small 17th-century balcony with simple
wrought-iron balustrade. To the N. are two framed, parallel,
projecting wings, probably of the 17th century but both much
altered: the eastern one is now quite shallow and houses a late
17th- or 18th-century chimney with stack of three conjoined
square flues on a moulded base; the western one, if Relhan's
primitive perspective is to be trusted, housed the staircase.
The interior is almost featureless. The ground-floor room
at the E. end has a 16th-century ceiling divided by two moulded
cross beams and moulded axial secondaries into six bays.
Elsewhere a little of the framing is exposed. The substantial
17th-century roof of the main range is in four bays: it is of
tie-beam construction with raking struts to collars and staggered purlins; most of the original rafters survive, save in the
last bay which has been reconstructed.
The Park, which was of some 21 acres in 1810, had been
already reduced in size; it is now considerably smaller and is
still being encroached upon. Part of the outer wall, in 16th-century red brick with some later rebuilding and realignment,
survives along the S. frontage to Vicarage Lane with 17th-century piers for a gate to the main approach.
The oblong inner enclosure was no doubt garden and orchard; it is some 2½ acres in extent, the house when complete
standing in the middle. The enclosure is delimited to the E.,
S. and W. by a moat (Monument (34)), with sides respectively
of 233 ft., 350 ft., and 255 ft. The moat is flat-bottomed and is
30 ft. wide save for a stretch on the W. arm where it widens to
50 ft.; the sides are vertical, the inner one faced with brick;
the depth is 6 ft. to 7 ft. with 2 ft. to 3 ft. of water. The approach crosses the moat by a red-brick bridge (Plate 104) of
three round arches each with a keystone and recessed in a
square outer frame; the centre arch is somewhat larger than
the other two. The enclosure is protected on the N. and E.
and on the E. half of the S. sides by a red-brick wall, 10 ft. to
12 ft. high, leaving a space on the E. and S., between it and
the moat, for a terrace about 13 ft. wide. Additional walls
complete, with the E. end of the house, the enceinte of a
pleasure garden occupying the S.E. quarter of the enclosure;
they are also of brick save for a short length running S. from
the house which includes reused clunch and freestone; some
of this reused material and other fragments of stonework
lying loose in the vicinity are of mediaeval origin. The
garden is entered in the middle of the E. side through a brick
gateway of rusticated piers with moulded bases and moulded
cappings. The E. wall of the enclosure and the remaining walls
of the garden are divided into panels by pilasters, which
die against a plinth below and a dentilled cornice and coping
above; elsewhere the pilasters are omitted. The extreme N.
ends of the side walls of the garden are pierced by round-headed doorways recessed in square outer frames; there
is a similar doorway at the extreme N. end of the E. wall, and
a fourth adjoining it in a short screen wall which closes the
terrace at the N. end. The enclosure wall was returned from the
N. side along part at least of the W. side; it is now fallen but a
short length including a pier can still be traced.
A number of farm and service Buildings previously stood on
ground between the moat and the outer wall to the S. making
an informal base court. The following, all 17th-century,
(a) circular Pigeon house (Plate 25) in red brick, with chamfered plinth, intermediate platband and elaborately moulded
cornice; its roof, covered with later fish-scale slates, rises to an
open wooden cupola of eight arches surmounted by a finial and
wrought-iron weather-vane. Inside are fifteen tiers of L-shaped
nests, some fifty to a tier, with alighting projections of tile.
(b) Granary, partly of clunch ashlar, partly framed, with
tiled roof, retaining a small original window, closed by a
simple wrought-iron grille, and with old corn bins inside on
either side of a central gangway.
(c) Well house, with one brick end, otherwise framed, and
tiled roof; the well shaft, some 7 ft. in diameter, is lined at the
head with brick.
b(3) House (Class J), 17th-century, single-storeyed with
attic, framed, plastered and thatched; small later annexe at
the E. end of the N. side. Internal features include some
exposed framing and a 17th-century six-panelled door with
moulded middle rail.
b(4) River Farm consists of a house and buildings. The House,
T-shaped on plan, two-storeyed, framed and plastered, with
some brick, has tiled and gabled roofs and is 17th-century.
The E. and W. main range has a central chimney, the S. wing,
slightly E. of axis, has a second internal chimney. The chimney
in the main range has a blind panel on the N. side of the base
and a square stack. The two rooms on the ground floor of the
main range, either side of the chimney, have intersecting
The Buildings, none of which is earlier than the 18th century,
include two framed barns, both aisled, one of five, the other of
b(5) House and Workshop. The House originated as a
17th-century, Class-J, framed structure of one storey and
attic. Only the W. cell and adjoining internal chimney survive,
the remaining two having been rebuilt during the 18th century
in two storeys with an E. end chimney.
The Workshop, a timber-framed four-bay N. and S. range
to the N. E. of the house, had a closed truss between the third
and fourth bay and may be 17th-century also.
Haslingfield, Monument No. 6
b(6) House (Class D; Plate 98), partly two-storeyed,
partly single-storeyed with attic, framed, plastered and
thatched; probably 16th-century. The low, rather poorly
built, hall range runs E. and W. and is somewhat longer
than usual. The relatively pretentious solar wing is
of three original bays and projects some distance N.
to form an L-plan; to the S. it finishes flush with the
hall and is jettied at the first floor. The building was
possibly designed for some special purpose, e.g. as an
inn. In the 17th century the hall was divided up and
floored and a chimney inserted in its E. end; the cross
wing was also extended about 7 ft. to the N. Later
industrial buildings put up behind the house, which is
now known as 'The Maltings', have recently been reduced in extent, but still include a two-bay barn, at one
time floored. In the course of modern renovations traces
of a number of original openings have come to light.
Loose fragments of carved woodwork found in the
attic include a keystone carved with a cherub head and
two finely executed terminal figures, all mid-17th-century and possibly from a chimney piece at one time
in the Hall (Monument (2)); also a made-up panel with
a crudely executed carousal and the date (on a separate
The outside of the hall exhibits no old features. Inside an
original tie-beam truss is retained in the W. half; the N.
brace is missing. The position of this truss is consistent with a
division of the hall into three more or less equal bays, but the
E. part has been reconstructed and there is no truss between the
first and second bays. The W. end of the roof is original and
smoke-blackened; there is a secondary truss in the hip which
appears to have risen to a gablet. A recently exposed S. window
towards the W. end of the hall, with internal shutter, is an
The framing of the cross wing is exposed externally on the
first floor to the E.; it is vertical with two original down braces,
each of which stops against an intermediate stud a short distance above the middle rail; three original windows can be
inferred. At the S. end of the wing the first-floor studwork, is
also exposed, interrupted by an oriel which may replace an
original feature. Inside, the N. bay on the ground floor (excluding the lean-to addition) now forms a single room; the
partition between it and the entrance lobby retains part of an
original doorway with four-centred head as well as traces of a
second doorway to the E. of the first; the axial beam of this
end room probably replaces an original beam morticed for a
secondary partition. The remaining two bays on the ground
floor are divided by a primary cross beam, with exposed joists
to the S., supporting the jetty; the middle bay has a moulded
axial secondary beam. Traces of three further windows can
be seen from the inside on the ground floor: in the original N.
wall, with diamond mullions, partly masked and of uncertain
width; in the E. wall of the S. bay with corresponding shutter
groove in the middle rail; and in the S. wall, also with shutter
groove. The first floor of the cross wing seems to have been
partitioned between the middle and the S. bay.
b(7) House, ostensibly 17th- or 18th-century (Class J),
framed and plastered, with gabled ends; access was refused.
b(8) Houses, two, forming a T-plan. The earlier (Class I),
ranging E. and W., 18th-century, single-storeyed with attic,
is framed, plastered and thatched. A second house (Class T),
of two storeys, in white brick with tiled roof, ranging N.
and S., was attached to the E. end of the other during the first
half of the 19th century. It appears to have been built in part
on street verge enclosed in 1820.
b(9) Houses (Plate 33), a semi-detached pair, singlestoreyed, with a central chimney, now one house, of clunch
ashlar with slated hipped roofs. Probably erected by Rev.
William Clark, curate in charge of Haslingfield, in or shortly
before 1826, in which year he was presented in the manor court
for 'having encroached on the waste and erected certain
cottages thereon' (G. E. Davis, MS. History of Haslingfield,
XVIII, II). The E. elevation is symmetrically designed with
four two-light windows and two doors, all with two-centred
heads, projecting imposts and keys.
b(10) House (Class H), now three tenements, two-storeyed,
framed and plastered, with thatched roofs, was built in the late
16th or early 17th century. The main roof is carried through
to a gable at the W. end, the W. cross wing being structurally
an annexe and possibly an addition; to the E. it finishes in
a gablet above the ridge of the E. cross wing, the width of which
is only half that of the main range. This cross wing is organised
in three short bays, with posts of full height worked with
intermediate haunches for first-floor cross beams and enlarged
heads for ties at the eaves. Other structural timbers, some downbraced, are visible inside the house; an internal chimney in the
W. half of the main range has a rebuilt stack dated 1831;
an external chimney against the side of the E. cross wing is
dated 1823. S. of the main chimney is an 18th-century stair
with turned balusters. On the first floor of the E. wing is a
mutilated and blocked original window, one diamond mullion
of which survives.
b(11) House, single-storeyed with an internal chimney and
attic, framed, part plastered and part boarded, with thatched
and gable-ended roof, may be a conversion from a specialpurpose building of 16th-century origin. It started as an open
structure; the chimney with its shafted diagonal stack and the
upper floors are 17th-century insertions. A 17th-century axial
ceiling beam in the E. half has notched stops; the tie beams in
the attic have been removed save for the sawn-off ends.
b(12) House (Class I), two-storeyed, with down-braced
frame, part plastered and part tile-hung, is of the 16th or early
17th century. A later outshut has been added on the S. side.
The brick chimney, built slightly W. of centre inside one of
two bays, may be original. The tiled and gable-ended roof is
of tie-beam construction with purlins and wind braces.
b(13) House and Barn. The House (Class J), two-storeyed,
framed and plastered, gabled roof covered with tiles and
pantiles, is 17th-century except for an 18th-century addition
at the E. end. The E. part of the original house, adjacent to the
chimney, is somewhat lower in height than the rest. Among
timbers exposed internally are chamfered beams, some with
notched and other stops. The Barn to the E., framed and boarded
and divided into three bays by tie beams on swell-head posts
with long curved braces, is of 16th- or 17th-century origin.
b(14) House, originally a small, framed, 17th-century,
Class-J structure, may have been at the start single-storeyed
and open to the roof at the E. end beyond the chimney. The
middle room and small W. end room were thrown into one
in the 19th century when the building was extended to the W.
and the earlier house probably raised to its present height of
two full storeys. The chamfered axial ceiling beam of the
middle room with notched stops survives, and a small 17th-century cupboard door in the S. end of the chimney, with
central diamond panel, may be in situ.
b(15) Vicarage, two storeys and attics, originally an 18th
century, L-shaped, framed structure, was extended in the 19th
century to complete a square plan, a considerable amount of
rebuilding in brick being done at the same time. A panel
inscribed '1761 TP' on the W. face of the W. chimney stack
is for Timothy Perkins, Fellow of Magdalene College and
Vicar 1746–1788. A staircase with turned balusters, square
newels, moulded rail and closed string, some panelling and a
few other original features, all reset, survive.
b(16) House (Class J), single-storeyed with attic, framed and
plastered, with thatched half-hipped roof, is of the 17th or
early 18th century. It was originally designed with a fireplace
on each floor. Extraneous 17th-century woodwork, possibly
from Haslingfield Hall, includes some turned balusters and some
moulded timbers forming part of an upstairs partition. The
original structure includes a moulded pine ceiling beam; it is
unstopped and may also have been made for another building.
b(17) House, originally a pigeon house of the 18th or early
19th century, has framed and rough-cast walls. The usual hipped
roof rising to gablets is covered with pantiles.
b(18) Willow Farm consists of a house and barn, both of
17th-century origin. The House, which has been extensively
modernised, consists of a long two-storeyed framed and plastered range with an internal chimney towards the W. end and
an added chimney, dated 1825, at the E. end. The six-bay
Barn to the S.W. of the house is clad in boards: only the four
western bays are original; they are divided by trusses with
long braces from posts to ties. The roof has purlins supported
by queen struts and strengthened by wind braces.
b(19) Pate's Farm consists of a house and buildings. The
House, ostensibly Class-J, ranging N. and S., two-storeyed,
plastered over a substantial frame, with thatched and gabled
roof, may be of 16th-century origin; conversion from a partly
open structure in the 17th century is a possibility. A 17th- or
18th-century wing has been added on the N. end of the E.
side. Inside, some of the framing is exposed, including chamfered and stop-chamfered beams and a moulded fireplace
bressummer. The Buildings, to the N., include a five-bay aisled
barn of the 17th century, framed, boarded and thatched.
b(20) House and Barn. The House (Class I), one storey
with attic, framed, plastered and thatched, with gabled ends
and dormers on the S. side, is of the second half of the 17th
century. A wing on the W. end of the N. side is probably an
early addition. The frame is down-braced. Some chamfered
and stop-chamfered beams are exposed inside. The three-bay
Barn to the S., boarded over a down-braced frame, has a half-hipped thatched roof and is approximately coeval with the
b(21) Cantelupe Farm (N.G. TL 423541), house and
buildings, was founded about the time of the enclosure
of 1810–20, when the adjacent land was allotted to
Earl De La Warr, from whose second title, Viscount
Cantelupe, the property gets its name. Extraneous 16th- and 17th-century bricks and timbers were extensively
employed throughout, and although one of Relhan's
drawings, depicting Haslingfield Hall prior to the
demolition of its western portion with what appears to
be the Farm in the background, is prima facie evidence
to the contrary, it seems likely that much of this reused
material came from Haslingfield Hall (Monument (2)).
One of the two barns included in the buildings described
below is substantially a 16th-century building re-erected; it may have been one of those in the base court
drawn by Relhan (Plate 28) and shown on the enclosure
map of 1810.
The House (Class U), of two storeys, has walls of reused red
and 19th-century white brick with hipped tiled roofs. Ceiling
beams inside, some intersecting, are mostly cased, but one which
is exposed is hollow-chamfered and of the 16th or 17th century.
The Buildings are grouped around a large yard to the E. of
the house with a two-storey white brick structure in the middle.
They include two framed barns both of which have been re-erected on plinths of reused red brick. One, of five aisled bays,
boarded and with thatched half-hipped roof, is of 17th- or
18th-century origin. The other, in the same materials, save for
some brick nogging, and unaisled, is 16th-century except for
some replacements, mostly in the side walls and in the upper
part of the roof: it is divided into five bays by main trusses
with large chamfered braces from swell-head posts to a tie
beam and queen struts to lower collars; intermediate rafters
are framed into purlins at this level; above is a second set of
collars and purlins, the latter secured by wind braces from the
main rafters; the roof has secondary trusses without tie beams
or wind braces.
b(22) Spring Hall Farm (N.G. TL 404542) consists of a
house and buildings, all of the first half of the 19th century.
The House (Class U), two-storeyed, with walls faced in white
brick and hipped roofs covered with slates, has a main front to
the E. with five segmental-headed hung-sash windows and a
round-headed front door with a fanlight. The Buildings are
to the W. and S.W. and include a barn and a granary in
boarded framing, clunch and brick with tiled roofs.
b(23) Offal End (Class T; N.G. TL 400534), one storey and
attic, of plastered studwork with thatched roof is early 19th-century. The plan is symmetrical and includes an original
outshut along the N. side, with two service rooms on either
side of the winding staircase.
b(24) House (Class I; N.G. TL 40365299), two storeys and
attic, of plastered studwork with half-hipped mansard roof,
now slated; some later accretions; early 19th-century.
b(25–33) Houses, are all Class-J, framed, and of one or two
storeys; they are predominantly plastered and tiled or thatched
and of the 17th-century, more or less altered. Monument (25)
is an outlier (N.G. TL 40355303).
b(34) Moated Site (Class B; N.G. TL 405523). What is left
of Haslingfield Hall is enclosed on three sides by a wet moat
and on the fourth by a wall—see Monument (2), Park.
b(35) Settlements (between N.G. TL 420546 and 429548,
and between N.G. TL 434543 and 435544; not on O.S.), of
unknown date, are indicated by crop-marks on river gravel,
respectively near the Bourn Brook and the river Granta.
Roman pottery has been found near both, but not on the actual
sites (C.A.S. Procs. I (1877), xii; XXII (1921), 124 ff.; air
photographs 106G/UK/1718/4138; St. Joseph ER 67–76, EW 4,
HE 13–15, VF 28–30, VO 28–30, AGB 14–15).
Haslingfield, Monuments 2 & 34
(a) (Plate 1), the first of the above, includes at least four
irregular rounded enclosures, 100 ft to 200 ft across, with
ditch lines A more complicated group measuring 1,500 ft.
from E. to W. lies 300 yds further E. and includes many
enclosures, ditch lines and pits; three E. to W. ditch lines can
be traced; a D-shaped enclosure some 150 ft. by 150 ft. and
two rectangular enclosures with a combined length of 250 ft.
are attached to the S side of the central line. A pit alignment
300 yds long runs N. to S. in a wavering line across the W.
enclosure, and two parallel ditches 100 ft. apart run S.W.
towards Cantelupe Farm (R.C.H.M., A Matter of Time (1960),
(b), on the E. side of the Granta in ground formerly part
of Trumpington, includes an enclosure about 400 ft. square and
within it a rounded enclosure about 100 ft. in diameter, pits
and a straight ditch line; 120 yds to the S.W. is a circle some
80 ft. in diameter.
b(36) Barrow (N.G. TL 40635142; Plate 1). On the S. slopes
of a chalk spur with extensive views to the N.E. and S.E. are
the remains of a round barrow known as 'Money Hill'. Only
a much-spread mound 90 ft. in diameter and 2 ft. to 3 ft. high,
badly damaged by ploughing, survives. Air photographs,
which show a crop-mark some 30 ft. wide, indicating a ditch,
around it, also reveal five other possible barrows to the N.E.
(St. Joseph ACZ 3–4). These, at N.G. TL 40665146, 40775148,
40925162 (appearing as dark patches on the photographs),
40695151 and 40925155 (appearing as circles 90 ft. to 100 ft. in
diameter), are represented on the ground by circular chalky
spreads 30 ft. to 70 ft. across.
(37) Cultivation Remains (not on O.S.). Ridge and furrow
exists on river gravel beside the Cam and the Bourn Brook,
e.g. between N.G. TL 400544 and 425547. Where complete
the ridges are 200 yds. to 230 yds. long, 9 yds. to 11 yds. wide,
and 9 ins. to 1 ft. high with headlands, on the edges of the
streams, 5 yds. to 10 yds. wide. Faint traces of curving ridges,
mostly running N. and S., can be seen on air photographs over
the rest of the parish. All these remains and traces belong, apparently, to the former open fields. The existing remains were
in 'Low Field'; the other open fields were called 'High' and
(Ref: enclosure map 1810 (C.R.O.); tithe map 1840 (T.R.C.);
air photographs: 106G/UK/1490/4030–4; 106G/UK/1718, 3139–
47,3155–9, 4139–7; CPE/UK/2024/3001–3.)