Anno 13 Caroli Secundi.
DIE Mercurii, octavo die Maii, anno Regni Serenissimi Domini nostri Caroli Secundi, Dei Gratia,
Angliæ, Scociæ, Franciæ, et Hiberniæ, Regis, Fidei Defensoris, &c. Decimo Tertio, Domini Temporales,
quorum nomina subscribuntur, præsentes fuerunt:
Comes South'ton, Thesaurarius Angliæ.
Marq. de Winton.
Marq. de Worcester.
Marq. de Dorchester.
Comes Lyndsey, Magnus Camerarius Angliæ.
Comes Brecknock, Senescallus Hospitii.
Comes Manchester, Camerarius Hospitii.
Viscount de Stafford.
Ds. De la Warr.
Ds. Berkley de Berkley.
Ds. Darcy et Conyers.
Ds. Gerrard de Bromley.
Ds. Arrundell de Warder.
Ds. Howard de Charlton.
Ds. Grey de Wark.
Ds. Howard de Esc.
Ds. Gerrard de Brandon.
Ds. Berkley de Stratton.
His Majesty, being arrayed in His Regal Robes with
His Crown on His Head, ascended His Seat of State;
the Peers being in their Robes. On the Right Hand of
His Majesty stood the Lord Great Chamberlain of England, the Marquis of Winton bearing the Cap of State;
on His Left Hand stood the Earl of Brecknock, Lord
Steward of His Majesty's Household, bearing the
And the Commons being below the Bar, His Majesty
made a short Speech, declaring the Cause and the Reasons for His summoning this present Parliament, as followeth:
The King's Speech.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen of the House of
"I will not spend the Time in telling you why I
called you hither; I am sure, I am very glad to see
you here. I do value Myself much upon keeping My
Word, upon making good whatsoever I promise to
My Subjects: And I well remember, when I was last
in this Place, I promised that I would call a Parliament as soon as could be reasonably expected or desired: And truly, considering the Season of the Year,
and all that hath been done since we parted, you could
not reasonably expect to meet sooner than now we do.
If it might have been a Week sooner, you will confess there was some Reason to defer it to this Day, for
this Day. We may without Superstition love one Day,
prefer one Day before another, for the Memory of
some Blessing that besel us that Day; and then you
will not wonder, that the Memory of the great Affection the whole Kingdom shewed to Me this Day
Twelvemonth, made Me desirous to meet you again
this Day, when, I dare swear, you are full of the
same Spirit, and that it will be lasting in you. I
think there are not many of you who are not particularly known to Me; there are few of whom I have
not heard so much Good, that I am as sure as I can
be of any Thing that is to come, that you will all
concur with Me, and that I shall concur with you, in
all Things which may advance the Peace, Plenty, and
Prosperity of the Nation. I shall be exceedingly deceived else.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"You will find what Method I think best for your
proceeding, by Two Bills which I have caused to be
prepared for you; which are for Confirmation of all
that was enacted at our last Meeting: And above all,
I must repeat, what I said when I was last here,
"That, next the miraculous Blessing of God Almighty, and indeed as an immediate Effect
of that Blessing, I do impute the good Disposition and Security we are all in to the happy
Act of Indemnity and Oblivion: That is the
principal Corner Stone which supports this
excellent Building, that creates Kindness in us
to each other; and Confidence is our joint and
"I am sure I am still of the same Opinion, and more
if it be possible of that Opinion than I was, by the
Experience I have of the Benefit of it, and from the
Unreasonableness of what some Men say against it,
though I assure you not in My Hearing. In God's
Name, provide full Remedies for any future Mis-
chiefs; be as severe as you will against new Offenders,
especially if they be so upon old Principles; and pull
up those Principles by the Roots. But I shall never
think him a wise Man, who would endeavour to undermine or shake that Foundation of our Public Peace,
by infringing that Act in the least Degree; or that he
can be My Friend, or wish Me well, who would persuade Me ever to consent to the Breach of a Promise
I so solemnly made when I was Abroad, and performed
with that Solemnity, because, (fn. *) and after I promised it,
I cannot suspect any Attempts of that Kind by any
Man of Merit and Virtue.
"I will not conclude without telling you some News
that I think will be very acceptable to you; and therefore I should think Myself unkind, and ill-natured, if
I should not impart it to you.
"I have been often put in Mind by My Friends, that
it was high Time to marry; and I have thought so
Myself ever since I came into England: But there appeared Difficulties enough in the Choice, though
many Overtures have been made to Me; and if I
should never marry till I could make such a Choice
against which there could be no Foresight of any Inconvenience that may ensue, you would live to see
Me an old Bachelor, which I think you do not desire
to do. I can now tell you, not only that I am resolved to marry, but whom I resolve to marry, if
God please; and towards My Resolution, I have used
that Deliberation, and taken that Advice, as I ought
to do in an Affair of that Importance; and, trust Me,
with full Consideration of the Good of My Subjects
in general, as of Myself: It is with the Daughter of
Portugall. When I had as well as I could weighed all
that occurred to Me, the First Resolution I took was,
to state the whole Overtures which had been made to
Me, and in Truth all that had been said against it, to
My Privy Council; without hearing whose Advice, I
never did, nor ever will, resolve any Thing of Public
Importance: And I tell you with great Satisfaction and
Comfort to Myself, that, after many Hours Debate
in a full Council, for I think there was not above
One absent; and truly, I believe, upon weighing all
that can be said upon that Subject, for or against it,
My Lords without One dissenting Voice, yet there
were very few sat silent, advised Me with all imaginable Chearfulness to this Marriage; which I look upon
as very wonderful, and even as some Instance of the
Approbation of God Himself; and so took My own
Resolution, and concluded all with the Ambassador
of Portugall, who is departing with the whole Treaty
signed, which you will find to contain many great Advantages to the Kingdom: And I make all the Haste
I can to fetch you a Queen hither, who, I doubt not,
will bring great Blessings with Her to Me and You.
I will add no more, but refer the rest to the Chancellor."
After His Majesty had finished His Speech, the Lord
Chancellor, having first conferred with His Majesty,
spake as followeth:
Ld. Chancellor's Speech.
"My Lords; and you the Knights, Citizens, and
Burgesses, of the House of Commons;
"The King hath called you hither by His Writ, to
assist Him, with your Information and Advice, in the
greatest and weightiest Affairs of the Kingdom; by
His Writ, which is the only good and lawful Way to
the Meeting of a Parliament; and the pursuing that
Writ, the remembering how and why they came together, is the only Way to bring a happy End to
Parliaments. There was no such Writ as this, no
such Presence as this, in the Year 1649, when this
unhappy Kingdom was dishonoured and exposed to
the Mirth and Reproach of their Neighbours, in the
Government of a Commonwealth. There was no
such Writ as this, no such Presence as this, in December 1653, when that Infant Commonwealth, when
the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and
Ireland, and the Dominions thereunto belonging,
were delivered up into the bloody and merciless
Hands of a devouring Protector, and sacrificed to his
Lust and Appetite. There was no such Writ as this,
no such Presence as this, in the Year 1656, when
that Protector was more solemnly invested and installed, and the Liberty of the Three Nations submitted
to his absolute Tyranny by the humble Petition and
Advice. When People came together by such exorbitant Means, it is no Wonder that their Consultations
and Conclusions were so disproportioned from any
Rules of Justice or Sobriety. God be thanked, that
He hath reserved us to this Day, a Day that many
good Men have died praying for; that, after all those
Prodigies in Church and State, we have lived to see
the King at the Opening of the Parliament; that we
have lived to see our King anointed and crowned, and
crowned by the Hands of an Archbishop, as His Predecessors have been; and that we are come hither this
Day in Obedience to His Writ.
"The King tells you, He hath caused a Bill or Two
to be prepared for the Confirmation of all that was
enacted in the last Parliament, and commends the
Dispatch of those to you with some Earnestness. The
Truth is, it is a great Part of the Business of this Parliament, to celebrate the Memory of the last, by confirming or re-enacting all that was done by that Parliament, which, though it was not called by the King's
Writ, may be reasonably thought to have been called
by God Himself, upon the Supplication and Prayer
of the King and the whole Nation, as the only Means
to restore the Nation to its Happiness, to itself, to its
Honour, and even to its Innocence. How glad the
King was of it, appears by what He writ to them
from Breda, when He referred more to them than
ever was referred to Parliament: He referred in Truth
(upon the Matter) all that concerned Himself, all
that concerned Religion, all that concerned the Peace
and Happiness of the Kingdom, to them; and to
their Honour be it spoken, and to their Honour be it
ever remembered, that the King, Religion, and the
Kingdom, have no Reason to be sorry that so much
was intrusted to them, nor they to be ashamed of the
Discharge of their Trust. It would have been a very
unseasonable Scruple in any Man, who should have
refused to bear his Part in the excellent Transactions
of that Parliament, because he was not called thither
by the King's Writ; and it would be a more unreasonable Scruple now, in any Man, after we have all
received the Fruit and Benefit of their Councils and
Conclusions, when in Truth we owe our orderly and
regular Meeting at this Time to their extraordinary
Meeting then, to their Wisdom in laying Hold upon
the King's Promises, and to the King's Justice in performing all He promised, and to the Kingdom's Submission and Acquiescence in those Promises; I say, it
would be very unseasonable and unreasonable now,
to endeavour to shake that Foundation, which, if you
will take the King's Judgement, supports the whole
Fabric of our Peace and Security. He tells you what
He shall think of any who goes about to undermine
that Foundation; which is a Zeal no Prince could be
transported with but Himself. It might have seemed
enough for a King who had received so many Injuries
so hardly to be forgotten, undergone so many Losses
so impossible to be repaired, to have been willing to
confirm and to re-enact the Act of Oblivion and Indemnity, when you should present it to Him; but to
prepare such an Act for you, to conjure you by all
that is precious, by your Friendship to Him, to dis
patch those Acts with Expedition, is such a Piece of
fatherly Tenderness and Piety, as could proceed from
no Heart but such a one in which God hath treasured up a Stock of Mercy and Justice and Wisdom,
to redeem a Nation. And truly, my Lords and
Gentlemen, for ourselves, if we'll consider how much
we owe to those who with all the Faculties of their
Souls contributed to and contrived the blessed
Change, the restoring the King to His People, and
His People to the King, and then how much we owe
to those who gave no Opposition to the virtuous Activity of the other (and God knows a little Opposition
might have done much Harm), whether we look upon
the Public, or upon our own private Provocations,
there will remain so few who do not deserve to be
forgiven by us, that we may very well submit to the
King's Advice, and His Example; of whom we may
very justly say, as a very good Historian said of a
very great Emperor, and I am sure it could never be
so truly said of any Emperor as of ours, Facere
rectè Cives suos Princeps Optimus faciendo docet; cumque sit Imperio maximus, Exemplo major est: Nor indeed hath He yet given us, or have we yet felt, any
other Instances of His Greatness, and Power, and
Superiority, and Dominion over us, nisi (as He said)
aut Levatione Periculi, aut Accessione Dignitatis; by
giving us Peace, Honour, and Security, which we
could not have without Him; by desiring nothing for
Himself, but what is as good for us as for Himself;
and therefore, I hope, we shall make no Scruple of
obeying Him in this Particular.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"Though the last Parliament did great and wonderful Things, indeed as much as in that Time they
could, yet they have left very great Things for you
to do: You are to finish the Structure, of which they
but laid the Foundation; indeed they left some
Things undone, which it may be they thought they
had finished: You will find the Revenue they intended to raise for the King very much short of what they
promised: You will find the Public Debts for the
Discharge of the Army and the Navy, which they
thought they had provided for sufficiently, to be still
in Arrear and unpaid: And here I am, by the King's
special Command, to commend the poor Seamen to
you, who, by the Rules which were prescribed for
their Payment, are in much worse Condition than
(without Question) was foreseen they would be; for,
by appointing them to be paid but from 1658 (which
was a safe Rule to the Army), very many are still in
Arrear for Two, Three, or Four Years Service; and
so His Majesty's Promise to them from Breda remains
unperformed. Some other Losses, which resulted
from other Rules given for their Payment, have
been supplied to them by the King's own Bounty.
They are a People very worthy of your particular
Care and Cherishing; upon whose Courage and Fidelity very much of the Happiness and Honour and
Security of the Nation depends; and therefore His
Majesty doubts not you will see Justice done towards
them with Favour.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"You are now the great Physicians of the Kingdom;
and, God knows, you have many wayward, and froward, and distempered Patients, who are in Truth
very sick, and Patients who think themselves sicker
than they are; and some who think themselves in
Health, and are most sick of all. You must, therefore, use all the Diligence, and Patience, and Compassion, which good Physicians have for their Patients;
all the Chearfulness, and Complacency, and Indulgence, their several Habits, and Constitutions, and
Distempers of Body and Mind, may require. Be
not too melancholic with your Patients, nor suffer
them to be too melancholic, by believing that every
little Distemper will presently turn to a violent Fever,
and that Fever will presently turn to the Plague;
that every little Trespass, every little Swerving from
the known Rule, must insensibly grow to a Neglect
of the Law, and that Neglect introduce an absolute
Confusion; that every little Difference in Opinion,
or Practice in Conscience or Religion, must presently
destroy Conscience and Religion. Be not too severe
and rough towards your Patients, in prescribing Remedies, how well compounded soever, too nauseous
and offensive to their Stomachs and Appetite, or to
their very Fancy. Allay and correct those Humours,
which corrupt their Stomachs and their Appetites:
If the good old known tried Laws be for the present
too heavy for their Necks, which have been so many
Years without any Yoke at all, make a temporary
Provision of an easier and a lighter Yoke, till, by living
in a wholesome Air, by the Benefit of a soberer Conversation, by keeping a better Diet, by the Experience of a good and just Government, they recover
Strength enough to bear, and Discretion enough to
discern, the Benefit and the Ease of those Laws they
disliked. If the present Oaths have any Terms or
Expressions in them that a tender Conscience honestly
makes Scruple of submitting to, in God's Name let
other Oaths be formed in their Places, as comprehenfive of all those Obligations which the Policy of Government must exact; but still let there be a Yoke:
Let there be an Oath, let there be some Law, that
may be the Rule to that Indulgence, that, under Pretence of Liberty of Conscience, Men may not be
absolved from all the Obligations of Law and Conscience.
"I have besought your Good-nature and Indulgence
towards some of your weak Patients, if by it they
can be brought to follow and submit to your Prescriptions for their Health; nor is it reasonable to
imagine that the Distempers of Twenty Years can be
rectified and subdued in Twelve Months. There
must be a natural Time, and natural Applications,
allowed for it. But there are a sort of Patients that
I must recommend to your utmost Vigilance, utmost
Severity, and to no Part of your Lenity or Indulgence;
such who are so far from valuing your Prescriptions,
that they look not upon you as their Physicians, but
their Patients; such who, instead of repenting any
Thing that they have done amiss, repeat every Day
the same Crimes for the Indemnity whereof the Act
of Oblivion was provided. These are the seditious
Preachers, who cannot be contented to be dispensed
with for their full Obedience to some Laws established, without reproaching and inveighing against those
Laws, how established soever; who tell their Auditories,
that the Apostle meant, when he bid them stand to
their Liberties, that they should stand to their Arms;
and who, by repeating the very Expressions, and
teaching the very Doctrine, they set on-foot in the
Year 1640, sufficiently declare that they have no
Mind that Twenty Years should put an End to the
Miseries we have undergone.
"What good Christian can think without Horrour of
these Ministers of the Gospel, who by their Function
should be the Messengers of Peace, and are in their
Practice the only Trumpets of War, and Incendiaries
towards Rebellion! How much more Christian was
that Athenian Nun in Plutarch, and how shall she
rise up in Judgement against these Men, who, when
Alcibiades was condemned by the Public Justice of the
State, and a Decree made, that the Religious, the
Priests, and the Nuns, should revile and curse him,
stoutly refused to perform that Office, saying, "That
she was prosessed religious, to pray and to bless, not
to curse and ban !" And if the Person and the Place
can improve and aggravate the Offence, as no Doubt
it doth both before God and Man, methinks the
preaching Rebellion and Treason out of the Pulpit
should be as much worse than the advancing it in the
Market, as the poisoning a Man at the Communion
would be worse than killing him at a Tavern: And
it may be, in the Catalogue of those Sins which the
Zeal of some Men declares to be against the Holy
Ghost, there may not be any one more reasonably
thought to be such, than a Minister of Christ's
turning Rebel against His Prince, which is a most
notorious Apostacy from His Order; and his preaching Rebellion to the People as the Doctrine of Christ,
adding Blasphemy and Pertinacy to his Apostacy, hath
all the Marks by which good Men are taught to know
and avoid that Sin against the Holy Ghost. If you
do not provide for the thorough quenching these Firebrands; King, Lords, and Commons, shall be their
meanest Subjects, and the whole Kingdom kindled
into one general Flame.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"When the King spake last in this Place before this
Day, He said, "When He should call the next Parliament, He should receive their Thanks for what He
had done since He had dissolved the last; for He said,
He should not more propose any one Rule to Himself,
in His Actions or His Councils, than this, What is
a Parliament like to think of this Action, or of that
Council? And that it should be want of Understanding in Him, if it would not bear that Test:" He told
you but now, "That He values Himself much upon
keeping His Word, upon performing all that He
promises to His People." And He hath the worst
Luck in the World, if He hath not complied with this
Promise, and if His Understanding hath failed Him
in it. It was in a very little Time after the Dissolution
of that Parliament, His Majesty giving Himself a
few Days to accompany His Royal Mother to the Sea
Side, the only Time He hath slept out of this Town
near these Twelve Months, that the most desperate,
and prodigious Rebellion brake out in this City, that
hath been heard of in any Age; which continued
Two or Three Nights together, with the Murder of
several honest Citizens. Let no Man undervalue the
Treason because of the Contemptibleness of the
Number engaged in it. No Man knows the Number;
but, by the Multitude of intercepted Letters from and
to all the Counties of England, in which the Time
was set down wherein the Work of the Lord was to
be done, by the desperate Carriage of the Traitors
themselves, and their bragging of their Friends, we
may conclude the Combination reached very far.
And in Truth we may reasonably believe, that if the
undaunted Courage and the indefatigable Industry
of the Lord Mayor, who deserves to be mentioned
before King, Lords, and Commons, and to be esteemed by them, had not prevented it; I say, it is probable this Fury would have not been extinguished,
before this famous City, or a great Part of it, had
been turned into Ashes.
"If you enquire what the King did upon this unheard-of Provocation, what Vengeance He took upon
those whose prosessed and avowed Principle was,
not to distinguish between Him and another Man,
nay, to kill Him sooner than any other Man, you
will find (as was said of Cæsar) that libentius Vitam
Victor jam daret, quam Victi acciperent; that His
Mercy hath been no less obstinate than their Malice
and Wickedness; that few Persons have suffered;
and that He hath restrained the Law from being
severe to many, who at the same Time continue their
Guilt, and undervalue His Compassion; that there
hath not been a Week since that Time, in which there
have not been Combinations and Conspiracies formed against His Person, and against the Peace of the
Kingdom, which before this Time would have taken
Effect, if God had not put it into the Hearts of some
who were trusted in the Councils, to discover the
Design, Time enough for Prevention. And upon all
these Alarms, and the Interception of such Letters as
would in all other Countries have produced the Rack
for further Discoveries, and under the late Government in this would have erected High Courts of
Justice for their Punishment, He hath left the Offenders to the Judges of the Law, and those Judges to
the precise Forms and ordinary Rules of the Law.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"If the new License and Corruption of this Time
hath exceeded the Wickedness of former Ages, that
the old Laws have not enough provided for the Punishment of Wickedness they could not foresee or
imagine; it will become your Wisdoms to provide
new Remedies for new Diseases, and to secure the
precious Person of our dear Sovereign from the First
Approaches of Villany, and the Peace of the Kingdom from the First Overtures of Sedition.
"If you will not provide Laws to do it, the King
will not do any Thing extraordinary, even towards
His own Preservation. You see the Rule by which
He hath walked; and as He hath made good His
Promise to you, so, I doubt not, you will make good
His Prophecy, and that He shall receive Thanks for
what He hath done since He was last here.
"He hath told you now what He hath done; that
He is resolved to marry, and resolved whom to marry; which, I believe, is the most grateful News that
the whole Kingdom hath longed for, or could receive,
from the First Day of His Landing here. And when
they shall know the great Deliberation He hath used
before that Resolution, and the Circumstances in resolving it, they will surely have Cause to confess,
that never King, in the Disposal of Himself in Marriage, took so great Care for the Good and Felicity
of His People.
"Within a very short Time after His Landing in this
Kingdom, He was moved by the Ambassador of
Portugall to renew a Treaty lately made between that
Crown and the Usurper; a Treaty in very many respects the most advantageous to this Nation that ever
was entered into with any Prince or People; a Treaty
by which, at this Time, that Crown is paying the
Penalty (which the Usurper exacted from it) for the
most noble and heroic Act of Honour and Friendship,
performed by that King to our Master, that ever was
performed by any Prince towards another Prince in
Distress. And yet the King was nothing forward to
ratify this Treaty; though it is very true, every Article
in it but One was entirely for the Benefit of this Nation, for the extraordinary Advancement of Trade,
for the Good of Religion, and for the Honour of the
Crown: Yet there was One, One single Article, that
must oblige the King, as it did the Usurper, to supply Portugall with an Army for His Assistance, when
He should require it; that is, Portugall should have
Power to make Levies of Ten Thousand Men for their
Service. This, the King foresaw, might produce a
War with Spainc, (fn. *) which He was very unwilling to
undergo that Engagement; and yet His Council
represented unto Him how heart-breaking a Thing it
would be to His People, to lose the Possession of so
great a Trade, and those other immense Advantages
they had by that Treaty; and that it would be judged
an irrecoverable Error in Policy, if Portugall should
be suffered again to be swallowed up by Spaine.
However, the King was resolved, not precipitately
to engage Himself in such a Treaty as might be attended with such an Inconvenience; but to take
Time, fully to consider of it; and this Delay the
Portugall could not be pleased with, and so the Ambassador returned Home to his Master. About this
Time, the House of Commons sent up a Bill to the
Lords, for the annexing Dunkirk and Jamaica to the
Crown of England, which seemed to have the most
universal Consent and Approbation from the whole
Nation that ever any Bill could be attended with:
Yet the same Consideration which retarded the Treaty
with Portugall made the King less warm towards the
advancing of that Bill; and the Spanish Ambassador
was as solicitous to obstruct it, as He hath been since
to obstruct the Match with Portugall. This being
the Case; and the Portugall Ambassador returning
with such particular Overtures to the King for a Marriage with the Daughter of that Crown, that, both
in respect of Portion, and many other transcendent
Advantages for the Advancement of the Trade and
Empire of this Kingdom, the like hath not been
offered in this Age; and His Majesty having received
as full Information and Satisfaction in the Beauty and
Excellency of that Renowned Princess as can be had
without a personal Interview (a Circumstance very
rarely admitted to Princes); it was not in His Majesty's Power to be without some Approbation and
Inclination to this Alliance: Yet even then He would
not trust Himself in this great Affair, which so nearly
and so dearly concerns Himself, and Himself above
all others. Though the Benefit and Advantage could
but appear the same upon further Consultation, yet
there might possibly be some Mischiefs, or some Inconveniencies be discerned, which He had not foreseen. He resolves, therefore, to call His Council;
tells them some Days before, that He had an Affair
of great Importance to impart to them, and to receive their Advice in; and therefore appointed an
extraordinary Day, that they might all appear (and
truly, I think, there was but One Lord absent, who
was then indisposed in his Health). In this Council
He stated the whole Matter, all that was offered of
Benefit and Advantage, all that occurred of Hazard
or Inconvenience, without the least Discovery of His
own Inclinations, further than that you would have
believed He had seen the Picture of His Mistress; it
having been a Speech He hath often accustomed
Himself to, that He would not marry a Woman He
had not some Reason to believe He could love, though
she could bring Him the Empire of the World. He
did not conceal from my Lords what the Spanish Ambassador had offered against this Marriage (who is not
over-reserved in giving Counsel, nor in communicating the Counsel he gives), what Proffers he had made
of others, what Threats of War in one Case, what
Advantage of Dowry in another; that he is so solicitous for the Advancement of the Protestant Religion,
that he had offered several Protestant Princesses to
whom his Master shall give a Portion, as with the
Infanta of Spaine; and truly less than the Universal
Monarch could not dispose of so many Princesses without the least Consent or Privity of their own. His
Majesty commanded all my Lords to deliver their
Counsel and Advice freely, upon a full Prospect of
what might appear good and happy for His People
as well as for Himself; assuring them, as He hath
done you now this Day, that, as He never did, so
He never will do, any Thing of great Importance,
without consulting with them. You will believe that
my Lords of the Council are solicitous enough for the
Advancement of the Protestant Religion, upon which
the Welfare of this Kingdom so much depends. But
they were very apprehensive, that the First Protestant
Daughter that ever any King of Spaine had, would
not probably bring so great Advantages to it as was
pretended. They have no Mind to encourage the
King to a War; we have had War enough: But they
do not think He should so much fear a War, as, out
of the Dread of it, to be at the Disposal of any other
Prince; and that when He hath freed His own Subjects from Wardships and from Liveries, that He
should Himself become a Ward to the King of Spaine,
and not marry without His Approbation and Consent.
They observed, that in the same Memorials (I do
not mean that which He last printed, but a former)
in which the Spanish Ambassador threatens War if the
King marries with Portugall, he presseth very earnestly the delivering up of Dunkirke and Jamaica; and
it is plain enough, he would have that Recompence
for the Portion he would give. And, in Truth, whosoever is against the Match with Portugall, is for the
Delivery of Dunkirke and Jamaica; War being as
sure to follow from the latter as the former, and from
neither till the King of Spaine find it convenient for
Himself, which I hope He will not yet do. I will
not enlarge upon the many Reasons. The King hath
told you the Conclusion. There was never a more
unanimous Advice from any Council, not any dissenting Voice, in the beseeching His Majesty to make
this Marriage, and to finish it with all the Expedition
imaginable. Upon this, He sent for the Portugall
Ambassador, declared His Resolution to him, hath
writ Himself to Portugall, and is preparing His Fleet
to fetch Home our Queen. And I hope now He hath
deserved all your Thanks, both for the Matter and the
Manner; and that not only ourselves, but the Ages
that are to succeed us, shall have Cause to bless God
and His Majesty for this Resolution that He hath
taken, and that He hath declared to us this Day, and
hath reserved for this Day, having obliged His Council to Secrecy, that He might Himself communicate it
to His whole Kingdom at once.
"There are some other Particulars of Weight; but
He will not mingle them with this great important
one, which must so much fill your Hearts and your
Heads; but will reserve them till He sees you again
after you have chosen your Speaker, which He now
leaves you to do, and to repair to your House for that
Purpose, that you may present your Speaker to Him
at Four of the Clock upon Friday."
Which being ended, the Lord Chancellor commanded the Clerk to read the Names of Receivers and Triers of Petitions, which follow:
Receivers and Triers of Petitions.
Le Receavours des Petitions d'Angleterre, d'Escoce, et
Messire Robert Foster, Cheval. et Cheife Justice.
Messire Robert Hyde, Ch'r, et Justicier.
Messire Wadham Windham, Ch'r, et Justicier.
Messire William Childe, Ar. Doctor au Droit Civill.
Messire William Glascock, Ar.
Et ceux qui veulent deliver leur Petitions
eux baillent dedeins six Jours prochenement ensuent.
Les Receavours des Petitions de Gascoigne, et des
autres Terres et Pais de par le Mere et des Isles.
Messire Orlando Bridgman, Ch'r, Cheife Justice Banc
Messire Mathew Hales, Ch'r, et Cheife Baron del
Excheq. le Roy.
Messire Thomas Twisden, Ch'r, et Justicier.
Messire Nathaniell Hobart, Arm.
Messire Moundeford Brampston, Ar. Doctor au Droit
Et ceux qui veulent deliver leur Petitions
eux baillent dedeins six Jours prochenment ensuent.
Les Triours des Petitions d'Angleterre, d'Escoce,
Le Count de Southampton, Grand Tresorier.
Le Duc d' Albemarle.
Le Count de Lyndsey, Grand Chamberleine d'Angleterre.
Le Count de Brecknock, Senesc. du Maison le Roy.
Le Count de Manchester, Chamberl. del Hostell le Roy.
Le Count de Northumberland.
Le Count de Bridgwater.
Le Count de North'ton.
Le Count de Bolingbrooke.
Le Count de Portland.
Le Baron Wharton.
Le Baron Robertes.
Touts ceux ensemble, out quartre des Seigneurs avant ditz, appellants as eux les Serjeants le Roy, quant serra besoigne, tiendront leur Place en le Chambre de Tresorier.
Les Triours des Petitions de Gascoigne et des autres
Terres Pais de par le Mere et des Isles.
Le Duc de Bucks.
Le Duc de Richmont.
Le Marq. de Dorchester.
Le Count de Dorsett.
Le Count de North'ton.
Le Count de Bolingbrooke.
Le Count de Petriburgh.
Le Count de Essex.
Le Visc. de Conway.
Le Baron Wentworth.
Le Baron Booth.
Le Baron Townesend.
Le Baron Cornwallis.
Touts ceux ensemble, ou quartre des Seigneurs avant ditz, appellants as eux les
Serjeants le Roy, quant serra besoigne,
tiendront leur Place en Chambre du
Dominus Cancellarius, ex Jussu Domini Regis, continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Veneris,
videlicet, decimum diem instantis Maii, hora tertia post