DIE Veneris, 10 die Maii.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes South'ton, Magnus
Marq. de Winton.
Marq. de Dorchester.
Comes Lyndsey, Magnus Camerarius Angl.
Comes Brecknocke, Senescallus Hospitii.
Comes Manchester, Camerarius Hospitii.
Comes Pembrooke et Mount.
Viscount de Stafford.
Ds. De la Warr.
Ds. Berkley de Berkley.
Ds. Darcy et Conyers.
Ds. Gerard de Bromley.
Ds. Arrundell de Warder.
Ds. Howard de Charlt.
Ds. Grey de Warke.
Ds. Howard de Esc.
Ds. Gerard de Brandon.
Ds. Berkley of Stratton.
Sir Edward Turner, Speaker of H. C.
His Majesty being again set in His Royal Throne,
(fn. *) in His Regal Robes, the Lords being also in their Robes,
the Commons presented unto His Majesty Sir Edward
Turner Knight, for their Speaker; who, being brought
to the Bar, with great Reverence began his Speech in
this Manner; (videlicet,)
"May it please Your Most Excellent Majesty,
"The Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the Commons House of Parliament, being there assembled
by virtue of Your Majesty's most Gracious Writ,
have been pleased (I dare not say to choose, but) to
name me their Speaker.
"It is an undoubted Privilege of every Member in
that House, to be heard speak, much more when he
speaks for or against himself. But, Sir, whether
more out of Favour to me or Injury to themselves
I cannot tell, they were not pleased to hear, at least
they would not accept, my just Apology and Excuse
from this Service.
"Therefore, from this their Judgement, if I must
so call it, I do most humbly appeal to Your Sovereign Justice; beseeching Your Majesty, for the Errors that are too visible and apparent in their Proceedings, that You will review and reverse the
"My Inexperience in the Customs and Orders of the
House, my Inability to collect their Sense, and state
the Questions rising upon long and arduous Debates,
do justly render me unfit, and therefore unworthy,
of this weighty Employment.
"Your Majesty well knows, when a Ship puts forth
to Sea, she should be provided with Mariners of all
Sorts. In case a Storm doth rise, some must trim and
lower the Sails, some must watch aloft the Decks,
some must work at the Pump; but he had Need be
a very good Seaman that is the Pilot. Sir, I hope
I may be useful to this Your Sovereign Vessel in some
of these inferior Places; but I dare not undertake to
be their Steersman.
"I do most humbly therefore beseech Your Majesty, that You will not take us at our First Word;
our Second Thoughts are best. Pray, therefore,
be pleased to command the Members of the House
of Commons to return into their House, to recollect
themselves, and to present Your Majesty with a better
Approved of by the L. Chancellor, in the King's Name.
This being said, the Lord Chancellor, having
first conferred with His Majesty, answered as
"You have not discredited yourself enough to persuade the King to dissent from His House of Commons in the Election they have made. If He had
never seen you before, you have now spoke too
well against yourself, for His Majesty to suspect you
are no good Speaker: But you have the Honour to
be well known to the King; have spoken very often
before Him; and His Majesty well knows that you
are not without any of those Parts; of knowing the
Orders of the House, where you have sat long; or
collecting and stating and putting the Questions aptly,
which must constitute a right good Speaker. Therefore
His Majesty is so far from thinking the House hath
made an ill Choice, that He believes they could
not have made a better; or from admitting your
Excuse, that He confirms their Election, and thanks
them very heartily for making it; and requires you
to submit to it, and to betake yourself with all Alacrity to the Service."
His Majesty having thus denied Mr. Speaker's
Excuse, and approved of the Commons Choice
of him; Mr. Speaker proceeded, and said,
The Speaker of H. C. Second Speech.
"He that knows his Master's Will, and doth it not,
is worthy to be beaten with many Stripes. I shall
therefore humbly and chearfully, to the best of my
poor Skill and Knowledge, apply myself to the Performance of my Duty; not doubting therein to obtain Your Majesty's Gracious Pardon for all involuntary Transgressions; for 'tis a Rule in Law, and in
Conscience too, Actus non facit reum, nisi Mens sit
"And, since I have found this Favour in the Sight
of my Lord the King, pray let me beg Your Majesty's Patience for a while, to make a Stand, and
from this Place to look about me. Sir, A weak
Head is soon giddy; but the strongest Brain may here
be turned: The Presence of this Glory, and the
Glory of this Presence, do transport me. Whilst I
contemplate the incomparable Beauty of this Body
Politic, and the goodly Order of this High Court of
Parliament, where at once I behold all the Glory
of this Nation, I am almost in the Condition of St.
Paul, when he was taken up into the Third Heaven. All he could say upon his Return was, he
saw Things unutterable.
"God, that made all Things for the Use of Man,
and made him Governor over all His Works, thought
it not fit to leave him to himself, nor to live without a Law and Government. The Forms and Species
of Governments are various; Monarchical, Aristocratical, and Democratical: But the First is certainly the best, as being nearest to Divinity itself.
"Aristocracy is subject to degenerate, and run into
Faction; but Democracy naturally runs into Confusion.
Then every Man becomes a Tyrant over his Neighbour; Homo Homini Lupus, Homo Homini Dæmon.
"This famous Island, Historians tell us, was first inhabited by the Brittans, then by the Romans, then
by the Saxons, then by the Danes, then by the Normans; and during all these Successions of Ages, and
Variety of Changes, though there was sometimes
Divisum Imperium, yet every Division was happy under a Monarchical Government.
"Since the Entrance of the Norman Race, Twentyfive Kings and Queens, famous in their Generations, from whom Your Sacred Majesty is lineally
descended, have swayed the Royal Sceptre of this
"The Children of Israell, when they were in the
Wilderness, though they were fed with God's own
Hand, and eat the Food of Angels, yet they furfeited, and murmured, and rebelled against Moses.
"The same unthankful Spirit dwelt in this Nation
for divers Years last past. The Men of that Age
were weary of the Government, though it was refined to the Wonder and Envy of all other Nations;
they quarreled with our Moses, because He was the
Lord's Anointed. Nolumus bunc regnare, was their
First Quarrel; but Leveling, Parity, and Confusion
followed; then Tyranny and Usurpation was the
"We read of the Emperor Adrian, when He lay a
dying, He complained that many Physicians had destroyed Him; meaning, that their contrary Conceits
and different Directions for His Recovery had hastened His Death.
"So it is with us: We were sick of Reformation;
Our Reformers were of all Ages, Sexes, and Degrees; of all Professions and Trades. The very Cobler
went beyond his Last. These new Statesmen took
upon them to regulate and govern our Governors:
This was the Sickness and Plague of the Nation.
Their new Laws were all written in bloody Letters;
the Cruelty of their Tribunals made the Judgementseat little differ from a Slaughter-house: The Rich
Man was made an Offender for a Word; Poor Men
were sold for Slaves, as the Turks sell Heads, Twenty
for an Asper: Yet for all this Villany there was at
Length found a Protector.
"No Amendment at length would serve these Reformers Turns; no Concessions, though the most
gracious that could be imagined, would satisfy these
Usurpers; but, Root and Branch, all must go. Our
late Sovereign Lord, of Blessed Memory, must be
offered up a Sacrifice to their Lust; Your Sacred
Person (Great Sir) proscribed, and all the Royal
Family exiled. Monarchy itself was voted burdensome, and therefore they must try a Commonwealth; and, the better to digest it, the People
were intoxicated with a Belief that they should all,
like themselves, be Princes in their Turns.
"Amongst the Persians, after the Death of their
Governor there was used to be, /?/ /?/ /?/,
a Five Days Lawlessness, in which Time every Man
might do what he listed: During those Five Days
there was such Killing, and Robbing, and Destroying
one another, that, before they were ended, the People
longed again for their old Government.
"After the Death of Your Majesty's Most Royal
Father, here was the like Licentiousness; but, alas!
it continued more than Twice Five Years: Liberty
they called it; but it was Libertas quidlibet audendi.
Your loyal Subjects were a Prey to Wolves and
Tygers; and to the most cruel of all Beasts, unreasonable Men. Every Man did what seemed good in
his own Eyes; for in those Days there was no King
in our Israell.
"But, as the former Spirit of Reformation at first
brought us into this Misery; so the Spirit of Giddiness, which God sent amongst our Reformers, at
length cured us. The Brazen Serpent was the best
Cure for those that were bitten by the Fiery Serpent.
The Divisions and Subdivisions of those that exercised
Dominion over us, weakened their own Power, and
stirred up the Hearts, and strengthened the Hands,
of Your loyal Subjects, to restore our ancient Government, and to bring Your Sacred Majesty back to
Your Royal Throne in Peace, as, to the Joy of all our
Hearts, we see it this Day.
"This was the Work of God, and it is admirable
in our Eyes. And as we have Cause at all Times to
bless God, that He hath thus brought Your Majesty to Your People; so we have just Cause at this
Time to return our hearty Thanks unto Your Majesty, that You have thus brought Your People to
"The Sun exhales the Vapours from the Earth,
and sends them down again in Showers of Plenty.
So we, to our great Joy, do find that our Obedience and Affection to Your Majesty are returned
upon our Heads, in Plenty, Peace, and Protection.
"The last Meeting here in Parliament was happy, in
healing the bleeding Wounds of this Nation. They
were blessed also, even for their Works Sake. Your
Sacred Majesty did bless them; and therefore they
shall be blessed to all Posterity.
"But, Sir, we hope You have a Blessing left for
us too. That was Your Parliament by Adoption,
but this is Yours by Birth-right. This Parliament
is free born. I hope this Honour will beget in us an
Emulation to exceed the Actions of our Predecessors;
and not only to meet Your Majesty as our Sovereign
with the Duty of Subjects, but with the Love of
Sons to a most indulgent Father.
"Next to the Glory of Your Majesty's Royal Throne,
I cannot but observe the Brightness of this Second
Orb. This Firmament is richly deckt with Stars of
several Magnitudes; each Star appears like the Morning Star, and yet each Star differs from another in
"You cannot want Commanders, either by Sea or
Land, to manage Your Designs, whilst all these Sons
of Mars stand Candidate to serve You in the Wars.
"You cannot want Counsellors, to advise You in
the great Affairs of the Nation, whilst all these
Statesmen, Senators, each sit to be a Conful, contend who shall most ease You in the thorny Cares
of the Government.
"Amidst these Noble English Barons are placed the
Reverend Judges of the Land, the Sages of the
Law; Men so learned and expert in the Customs
and Statutes of this Land, that if Wat Tyler, or Jack
Cade, or the new Fanatics of this latter Age, had
burned our Books, they were able to restore our
Laws in Purity and Perfection.
"And next to these, though in a lower Orb, appear
the Worthy Knights, the Prudent Citizens and Burgesses, of the House of Commons, being the Third
Estate of Parliament.
"When the Fame of Solomon's Wisdom had filled
the Neighbour Nations, the Queen of Sheba could
not contain Herself at Home; but, with many Camels, laded with Spices, with Gold, and precious
Stones in Abundance, She comes to Solomon, to commune with Him of all that was in Her Heart.
"Great Sir, Whilst this Your Native Country was
unworthy of You, Foreign Nations were made happy
in the Knowledge of Your Person, Your Piety, and
Your Wisdom. And now the Lord our God hath
brought You Home, and set You on Your Throne,
Your Subjects long to see You.
"What Striving and Rejoicing was there, at Your
First Landing, to see our rising Sun!
"What Striving was there, at Your Coronation,
to see the Imperial Crown set upon Your Royal
"What Striving hath here lately been, in all the
Counties, Cities, and Boroughs of this Nation, who
should be sent up to hear Your Wisdom, and confer
with You in Parliament!
"Royal Sir, These chosen worthy Messengers are
not come empty-handed; they are laden, they are
sent up to You heavy laden, from their several Counties, Cities, and Boroughs.
"If the Affections of all Englishmen can make You
happy; if the Riches of this Nation can make You
great; if the Strength of this warlike People can
make You considerable at Home and Abroad; be assured, You are the greatest Monarch in the World.
Give me Leave, I beseech You, to double my Words,
and say it again, I wish my Voice could reach to
Spain and to the Indies too, You are the Greatest
Monarch in the World.
"I fear Your Royal Patience may be tired. I will
therefore speak no more my own Words; but, in the
Name of the Commons of England humbly present
unto Your Majesty their accustomed Petitions when
first they are assembled in Parliament, and so conclude:
"First, I do beseech Your Majesty, That, for our
better Attendance on the important Service
of the House, ourselves and our necessary
Servants may be free, in our Persons and
Estates, from all Arrests and Troubles.
"2. That, Debate and Disputes being necessary
to the Disquisition of many Matters in the
House, Your Majesty will be pleased to
vouchsafe us Liberty and Freedom of Speech,
which, I doubt not, we shall use with Loyalty
"3. That, if the great Affairs require it, Your
Majesty, upon our humble Suit, will vouchsafe us Access to Your Royal Person.
"4. That the Proceedings of the House may receive a benign Interpretation, and be free at
all Times from Misconstructions."
L. Chancellor's Speech.
The Speaker's Speech being ended, the Lord
Chancellor again conferred with His Majesty;
"The King is well pleased with your Obedience,
and that you have so chearfully submitted to undergo
that Province the House of Commons hath designed
you to: He promises Himself and the Kingdom as
great Fruit and Benefit from your joint Services, as
ever any of His Progenitors received from a Speaker
and a House of Commons. The King did His Part,
by publishing the very Day He intended the Parliament should meet, a good Time before the Writs
were sealed; by sending out the Writs much longer
than was necessary before the Day of Meeting,
that the Country might not be surprized in their
Elections, but that they might send up such, as He
might make a clear View and Prospect of the Affections and Desires of His People; and He is persuaded that the Commons of England were never more
exactly represented than they are at present, in you,
the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses. And yet I have
a very particular Command from His Majesty to tell
you, which in Truth He meant to have said to you
Himself the other Day, and which He hopes you
will not take ill in Point of Privilege, that His Majesty takes Notice, indeed He cannot choose but take
Notice, of One ill Circumstance in many Elections,
which He imputes rather to the Vice of the Times,
a Vice worthy your Severity, than to any corrupt
Intention; that is, Excess of Drinking, which produceth that other scandalous Excess in the Expence.
His Majesty doth very heartily recommend it to your
Wisdom, for the Honour and Dignity of Parliaments,
that you will take some Course to prevent this Inconvenience for the future; and if you think fit to
call for any Help from Him towards it, you will be
sure to have it.
"You have made, Mr. Speaker, a very lively Description of the Extravagancy of that Confusion
which this poor Nation groaned under, when they
would throw off a Government they had lived and
prospered under so many Ages, indeed from the
Time of being a Nation, and which is as natural to
them as their Food or their Raiment, to model a
new one for themselves, which they knew no more
how to do, than the naked Indians know how to
dress themselves in the French Fashion; when (as you
say) all Ages, Sexes, and Degrees, all Professions
and Trades, would become Reformers, when the
common People of England would represent the
Commons of England; and abject Men, who could
neither write nor read, would make Laws for the
Government of the most heroic and the most learned
Nation in the World; for sure none of our Neighbours will deny it to have a full Excellency and Perfection both in Arms and Letters. And it was the
grossest and most ridiculous Pageant that great Impostor ever exposed to public View, when he gave
up the Nation to be disposed of by a Handful of
poor mechanic Persons, who, finding they knew not
what to do with it, would (he was sure) give it back
to him again, as they shortly did, which makes his
Title compleat to the Government he meant to exercise. No Man undervalues the common People of
England, who are in Truth the best and the honestest, (fn. *) aye, and the wisest common People in the
World, when he says they are not fit to model the
Government they are to live under, or to make the
Laws they are to obey. Solomon tells us, there is a
Time when one Man rules over another to his own
Hurt; we have had abundant Instances of such a Time.
It is the Privilege, if you please the Prerogative
(and it is a great one), of the common People of
England, to be represented by the greatest, and learnedest, and wealthiest, and wisest Persons, that can
be chose out of the Nation; and the confounding
the Commons of England, which is a noble Representative, with the common People of England, was
the First Ingredient into that accursed Dose, which
intoxicated the Brains of Men with that Imagination
of a Commonwealth; a Commonwealth, Mr. Speaker, a Government as impossible for the Spirit and
Temper and Genius of the English Nation to submit
to, as it is to persuade them to give their Cattle and
their Corn to other Men, and to live upon Roots
and Herbs themselves. I wish heartily that they
who have been most delighted with that Imagination
knew in Truth the great Benefit under the Government. There is not a Commonwealth in Europe,
where every Man that is worth One Thousand Pounds
doth not pay more to the Government than a Man
of a Thousand Pounds a Year did ever to the Crown
here before these Troubles. And I am persuaded
that Monster Commonwealth cost this Nation more,
in the few Years she was begot, born, and brought
up, and in her Funeral (which was the best Expence
of all), than the Monarchy hath done these Six
"You have well done, Mr. Speaker, in taking Notice of the great Esteem the King hath of the Memory of the last Parliament. He takes all Occasions
Himself to do it; and it deserved it at His Hands:
But, as the wisest Father takes Joy in the Hopes his
Heir will be wiser than he, and the greatest Monarch in the Hopes that His Successor will be greater
than He; and if the Souls departed feel any Joy
upon what is done in this World, it is in the Case
of such an Heir, such a Successor; so, you may be
confident, the Ghost of the deceased Parliament will
be much delighted, much exalted, to see your Actions excel theirs, and your Fame exceed theirs. It
was a blessed Parliament; but there are other and
greater Blessings reserved for you. They began many
Things which you may have the Happiness to finish;
they had not Time, nor Opportunity, to begin many
Things which you may have the Honour to begin
and finish. They invited His Majesty Home, restored Him to His Throne, and Monarchy to the
Nation. It will be your Glory, so to establish Him
in His Power and Greatness, so as to annex Monarchy to the Nation, that He and His Posterity shall
be never again forced to be Abroad, that They be invited Home, nor in Danger to be restored; so to
rivet Monarchy to the Hearts, and to the Understandings of all Men, that no Man may ever presume to conspire against it. Let it not suffice that
we have our King again, and our Laws again, and
Parliaments again; but let us so provide, that neither King, nor Laws, nor Parliament, may be so
used again. Let not our Monarchy be undermined
by a Fifth Monarchy, nor Men suffered to have the
Protection of a Government they prosess to hate. Root
out all anti-monarchical Principles; at least, let not the
same Stratagems prevail against us. Let us remember
how we were deceived; and let not the same Artifices over-reach us again. Let King, and Church,
and Country, receive more and greater Advantages,
by the Wisdom and Industry of this Parliament.
Let Trade Abroad and at Home be encouraged and
enlarged, all Vices and Excesses be restrained and
abolished, by new Laws and Provisions; let profitable Arts and Industry find so great Encouragement,
that all thriving Inventions may be brought from all
Parts of the World to enrich this Kingdom, and that
the Inventors may grow rich in this Kingdom. And
upon this Argument of encouraging Industry, I have
a Command from the King, to recommend to you the
Encouragement or Preservation of a great Work of
Industry, in which the Honour and Interest of the
Nation is more concerned than in any Work this Age
hath brought out, it may be in any Nation; and that
is, all the Drainings in England, which have given
us new Countries upon our own Continent, and
brought an inestimable Benefit to the King and
People, by an Act of Creation making Earth, and
mending Air by Wit and Industry. Let no Waywardness in particular Persons, or Consideration of
private and particular Advantage, give Disturbance
to Works of so public a Nature, much less destroy
such Works; but provide out of Hand for the upholding and supporting them by some good Law, in
which due Care may be taken for all particular Interests, when the Public is out of Danger.
"I have but One Desire more, Mr. Speaker, to
make to you from the King, to which the Season of
the Year, as well as your Inclinations to gratify Him,
will dispose you; and that is, that you will use such
Expedition in your Councils of most Importance, that
the rest may be left to a Recess in the Winter, after
an Adjournment; that His Majesty may have a Time
to bestow Himself upon His Subjects in a Progress,
which He would be glad to begin before the End of
July. I have Leave to tell you the Progress He intends; that He desires again to see His good City of
Worcester, and to thank God for His Deliverance
there, and to thank God even in those Cottages, and
Barns, and Haylofts, in which He was sheltered, and
feasted, and preserved; and in the Close of that Progress He hopes He shall find His Queen in His Arms,
and so return to meet you here in the Beginning of
"Mr. Speaker, All your Petitions are very grateful
to the King. You and your Servants, in your Persons and Estates, are free from all Arrests or Molestations. Your Liberty and Freedom of Speech is
very willingly granted to you. When you would repair to His Majesty, you shall be welcome. And His
Majesty will be so far from Jealousy of your Actions, that He believes it is impossible for Him to
be jealous of you, or you of Him; and, if you
please, He will make it penal to nourish that unwholesome Weed in any Part of the Kingdom."
Dominus Cancellarius, ex Jussu Domini Regis, continuavit præsens Parliamentum usque in diem Saturni, videlicet, 11 diem instantis. Maii, hora nona Aurora.