James I: Volume 20
April, 1606

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The National Archives

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Mary Anne Everett Green (editor)

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1857

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'James I: Volume 20: April, 1606', Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1603-1610 (1857), pp. 308-314. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=15005 Date accessed: 18 September 2014.


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Contents

April, 1606.

April 1 ? 1. Questions propounded to Darcy [Garnet], Provincial of the Jesuits in England, respecting excommunication, heretics, the Gunpowder Plot, the authorship of a book against the King, &c., with answers thereto. Latin.
April 1. 2. Declaration of Hen. Garnet. Considers the penal laws against Catholics as no laws; true treason is that which is made such by just laws; if the law be unjust, then there is no treason; inferior Jesuits are not bound to reveal secrets of confession to their superior; equivocation lawful only when a man is not bound to confess the truth.
April 1. 3. Attested statement by Sir Wm. Waad, that Garnet affirms that if any one undertake to kill the King, he is not bound to confess it, unless there be proof to convict him.
April 1.
Essex House.
4. Sir Allan Percy to Dud. Carleton. Nothing new has transpired from Garnet's trial. Parliament about to assemble. Illness of the Lord Chancellor and Earl of Devonshire. Is going to join his brother [the Earl of Northumberland] whose affairs are not hopeful; for though there was nothing said of him at the arraignment, yet there was a show as though they could say more than they would. Strange is to be arraigned before the execution of Garnet. A great quarrel between three gentlemen, on occasion of drinking the Earl of Southampton's health. Lord Theophilus [Howard] going to France, to woo the Constable's daughter.
April 2.
London.
5. John Chamberlain to the Same. Particulars of Garnet's trial; the King, Lady Arabella, and many others present. The French King and Duke of Bouillon agreed. Danger of the Earl of Devonshire.
[April 2.] Hen. Garnet to Anne Vaux. Directions for the disposal of herself. Mr. Hall dreamt there were two tabernacles prepared for them. [G. Plot Bk., No. 245.]
April 2 ? 6. Draft of a Bill to compel Merchant Strangers who are naturalized, still to employ all the money received for imports on goods for export.
April 2. Grant to Tho. Conyers and Wm. Cholmley of the office of bailiff of St. Albans, co. Herts, and elsewhere, for life. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 61.]
April 2. Grant to Wm. Howard of the office of Forester of Gweltesdale, for life. [Ibid., p. 63.]
April 3.
Dover.
7. Sir Thos. Fane, Lieutenant of Dover Castle, to the Earl of Northampton. Concerning John Bucke, a suspected agent of the Jesuits, and Yardley, who professes to be an intelligencer of Lord Salisbury, sent to him by Captain Turner. Incloses,
7. I. Capt. Willm. Turner to Sir Thos. Fane. Information given by the bearer, John Bucke, who acts as a spy, with respect to the departure of Jesuits and priests from Calais for England. Calais, March 29.
7. II. Information given by Bucke to Captain Turner that Butler and Fitzjames, priests, have sailed for England; and that others are coming in the train of Cornwallis, the Earl of Arundel's secretary. March 29.
7. III. Turner to Fane. Further intelligence concerning Bucke; his statement that he is a merchant is suspicious. Calais, March 29.
7. IV. Same to the Same. Suspicious conduct, &c., of Bucke; the parties whom he promised to deliver up as priests have escaped; fears that Bucke is not gone to Dover. March 31, Margate.
7. V. Information by Turner concerning Butler. Fitzjames sent over to clear Owen and the Jesuits of the late treason. Bucke, Kellison, Redman, Betune, and others, embarking or embarked at Calais. Their meeting-place in London is at Thos. Sleep's, printer, St. John Street. April 3.
7. VI. Description of several of the above Jesuits, given by John Bucke and Fra. Henson.
April 3 ? 8. John Bawlden and John Bush, searchers of Margate, to [the Council ?]. Certify the arrival there of Capt. Turner, and his intelligence of evil-affected persons coming over in a French vessel, whom they endeavoured to capture, but could not.
[April 3.] 9. Petition of the Poor of the Company of Clothworkers, to Salisbury. To further their bill against transportation of undressed cloths; with reasons for the same.
April ? 10. Merchant Adventurers to the Council. Observations on the benefits accruing from the late Earl of Cumberland's patent [for shipping undressed cloths], and of the injurious effect of the statute 8 Eliz. cap. 6, compelling cloth to be dressed before it is exported.
April 3. Anne Vaux to Hen. Garnet. Acknowledges the receipt of the spectacles. Wishes Mr. Hall had dreamed there was a third seat for her; asks fuller directions. [G. Plot Bk., No. 246.]
April 3. 11. Hen. Garnet to Anne Vaux. Full directions as to her proceedings, residence, &c., when set at liberty; her vow of obedience ceases if she goes abroad. Arranges the pecuniary matters of the Jesuit mission, and its temporary management. Sorry that Catholics are scandalized at his conduct. Was so pressed in his late examination that he determined to confess the whole truth, rather than undergo torture, or trial by witness, and therefore acknowledged that Greenwell told him the Plot in confession. He "sought to hinder it more than men can imagine, as the Pope can tell;" has written to declare to the King his detestation of it; will die "not as a victorious martyr, but as a penitent thief." Indorsed [by Sir Wm. Waad], "Garnet to Mrs. Vaulx, to be published after his death, by her and the Jesuytes."
April 4. 12. Hen. Garnet's declaration, written to be shewn to the King. Protests the Gunpowder Plot to be "altogether unlawful and most horrible;" ought to have revealed it but did not, partly to spare his friends, and also in hopes of preventing it. Has offended God, the King, and the state, and begs forgiveness of all.
April 4. Grant to Wm. Cornwallis of license to hold divers fairs at Scole, co. Norfolk. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 64.]
April 6.
Co. York.
13. Re-examination of John Healey, as to his suspicious speeches, and equivocations on his former examination, &c.
April 6.
Co. York.
14. Information of Rich. Outlaw, Pursuivant, relative to the apprehension of John Vavasour, alias Healey, and the obtaining from him the key of his chamber in Carnaby's house.
April 7. 15. Lease by John Walley, of Monkwearmouth, co. Durham, to Geo. Willingham, of Nassington, co. Northampton, of a college in that place; with assignment thereof to Wm. Rychman.
April 7.
Dover.
16. Sir Thos. Fane to the Earl of Northampton. Sends up Bucke and Yardley. Bucke is poor and in debt, and begs not to be detained in London, for fear of his creditors.
April 7. 17. Lord Treasurer Dorset to Sir Thos. Lake. To draw a warrant, according to a form prefixed, dated April 29, Greenwich, for payment to Sir John Ramsay of 500£., inclusive of his quarter's pension, the grant of 1,000£. per ann., in fee-simple, made to him, being not yet completed.
April 8. Grant, in reversion, to Peter Oliver, of the office of bailiff of Sandwich, for life. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 63.]
April 8.
Westminster.
18. Sir Hen. Nevill to Dud. Carleton. Asks if Mr. Pawlet has spoken to him further, relative to an overture of marriage proposed to him (Pawlet.)
April 9.
Gatehouse.
19. Thos. Phelippes to Salisbury. Returns thanks for permission to see his wife. Protests his innocence, and begs to have the liberty of the house.
April 9.
Serjeants' Inn.
20. Chief Justice Popham to the Same. Montague House has been searched, but several persons escaped out of it. If Gerard be in England, he might be one of them. Money bags found in Rich Carey's house; he is under guard, and Barlow, a priest, taken. Rich. Fulwood disposes of the moneys. Recusants not to be allowed to flock together in London.
April ? 21. Extracts from the examinations of Rich. Carey, recusant, relative to the money, and other valuables, found in his house, part of which belonged to the estate of the late [Thos.] Hoord, recusant.
April 9 ? 22. [Thos. Wilson] to Lord [Salisbury]. Three Pursuivants, Monday, Jenkins, and another, are commissioned by the Bishop of London to search for priests in Warwickshire. They say Gerard might have been taken. The master printer seized at Warwick. Outrages committed by one Price, &c. Butler, a priest, apprehended by -- White, who sent for him to give him extreme unction and betrayed him.
[April 9]. 23. Observations addressed to the Earl of Salisbury, in defence of the patent of fines and forfeitures on penal statutes coming to the Crown, granted to Lord Danvers and Sir John Gilbert; with statement of complaints against it in the House of Commons, and answers thereto; also abstracts of the Judges' opinions thereon.
April ? 24. Anonymous to the [Turkey] Company. Thanks them for the grant to Sir Thomas Glover, of an allowance of 100£. for this year's stipend, and desires he may have it paid down at once, to further his petition to the King. [See Turkish Corresp., April 13, 1606.]
[April 11.] 25. Memoranda of the origin and continuance of the impositions on currants, showing the unreasonableness of the Turkey Company in petitioning the House of Commons against them; also vindicating the committal of John Bate to prison, for refusing to pay the impost.
[April 11.] 26. Answer to certain grievances exhibited in Parliament, relative to the imposition on currants and the farm of customs.
April ? 27. Remembrances of favours granted to the Turkey Company, a debt remitted, a present for the Grand Seignior given, &c. The decay of their shipping is not owing to the imposition on currants.
April 11.
Whitehall.
28. George Earl of Dunbar to Sir Thos. Lake. To draw a bill for 6,000£. for payment of creditors, &c. for the Great Wardrobe, from Michaelmas 1604 to Michaelmas 1605.
April 12.
Oxford.
29. Fellows of [All Souls ?] College, Oxford, to the Same. Commendatory of the conduct and progress in learning of Barth. Martin. Indorsed "Barth. Martin, for a Fellow in Alsoles Coll., Oxon. April 18, 1606."
April 13.
Westminster.
Proclamation declaring what flags South and North Britons shall bear at sea. Printed. [Proc. Bk., p. 123.]
April 13.
St. John's Coll., Cambridge.
30. Visct. Cranborne to Salisbury. Is well, and following the course of study which he mentioned before.
April 13. 31. Lord Treasurer Dorset to Sir Thos. Lake. To prepare a bill for the King's signature, for payment of necessaries, according to a bill prefixed, for the childbed of the Queen and for the infant.
April 14. Grant to Fr. Crane of the office of Clerk of the Parliament, for life. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 64.]
[April 16.] 32. A Bill for employment of people and settling manufacture, in such counties as do not afford commodities to transport, to equalize their expense of all foreign commodities, and to redress the deceits used in the manufacture of new drapery.
[April 16.] 33. Breviate of the contents of the above Bill.
April 17.
Co. York.
34, 35. John Healey's third and fourth examinations, relative to his speeches made to Ric. Gibson, the Postmaster, &c.; his travels and conduct while abroad; was converted at Florence, through Wiseman, an English Capuchin. April 15 and 17.
April 17.
London.
36. Dud. Carleton to John Chamberlain. Proceedings in Parliament. The Earls of Salisbury and Montgomery to be Knights of the Garter, instead of the Earls of Cumberland and Devonshire. Funeral of the latter. Dispute among the heralds about impaling his wife's arms, the lawfulness of the marriage being questioned, on account of her former divorce. Search for priests at Montague House. The King of Denmark expected.
April 19.
Co. York.
37. Examination of Ric. Brewster as to the apprehension of John Healey, who boasted that he could do the King service, by revealing another conspiracy.
April 19. Grant to Simon Basil of the office of Overseer in the Tower, for life. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 64.]
April 19. Grant to Thos. Baldwin of the office of Controller of the Works, for life. [Ibid., p. 63.]
April 19. 38. Warrant to allow to Sir Wm. Ryder, Sir John Trevor, Sir Marmaduke Darell, and Sir Thos. Bludder, farmers of the imposition for sea-coals, 800£. deduction from their usual rent of 5,800£., towards their loss of 1,262£., on account of a combination made against them at Newcastle.
April 21. 39. Hen. Garnet to Anne Vaux. Details his multiplied misfortunes; his own apprehension and arraignment; his conversations overheard; his letters intercepted; her apprehension; Greenwell taken; Erith and the other house ransacked; Hall executed; and now Richard and Robert taken with a cypher letter and the key of the cypher also. Below is a drawing of a cross, the letters I. H. S., and a pierced heart, inscribed "Deus cordis mei, et pars mea Deus in æternum."
April 21.
Ascot.
40. Wm. Gent to Dud. Carleton. Domestic affairs. Is going into Northamptonshire. Thanks him for writing him the news.
April 22.
Ware Park.
41. John Chamberlain to the Same. Hopes he will come a-Maying. Sir Chris. Hatton and his lady, and other guests, are expected. Sir Rowland Lytton and his housewives are at Knebworth.
April 23.
Westminster.
Proclamation for prevention of future abuses in Purveyance. Printed. [Proc. Bk., p. 123.]
April 24.
Rutland.
42. Examinations of Eliz. Tilton, Eliz. Courtney, John Chambers, John Tampion, John Digby of Seaton, Rutland, Thos. Ager of Deene, Northamptonshire, and Chris. Blunston, as to Fairfax, and other priests, who were entertained at the houses of John Digby and John Brudenells.
April 25.
Canterbury.
43. J. F. to [William Laud]. Aphorisms relative to political affairs and moral economy, in the form of news from different countries.
April 25. Grant, in fee-farm, to Chas. Freeman, of the parsonage of Higham Ferrers, co. Northampton, &c. [Ind. Wt. Bk., p. 60.]
April 25.
Tower.
44. Examination of Hen. Garnet. His burning the Pope's bulls; proposal to make some nobleman Protector; Greenwell's confession of the plot to him; neither saw nor wrote to Greenwell since Nov. 6, nor agreed with him not to discover some noblemen. Fulwood came to him at Coughton, but left him before he went to Henlip. All this he affirms on his priesthood.
April 25. 45. Examination of John Healey, servant to Lancelot Carnaby. Sicklemore said the rising in Warwickshire was for the Catholic cause, and bade Catholics pray for its success, and not be faint- hearted. Particulars of private masses in Northumberland and Lincolnshire, and of the priests who celebrated them.
April 26. 46. John Healey to Lord --. Sicklemore had half persuaded him to murder the Earl of Salisbury, because he said the papists should not prevail, as long as he lived.
April ? 47. Same to Lord [Salisbury ?]. Discloses all he knows relative to the proceedings of recusants, Holtby, Sicklemore, Rich. Fulwood, and several others, priests. Discovers their mode of conveying letters and passengers beyond seas.
April 26. Grant to Sir Rob. Stewart of the office of Keeper of Bewdley Park, co. Worcester, and of Ticknell House, for life. [Grant Bk., p. 27.]
April 27.
Carlisle.
48. Sir Wm. Selby, and other Commissioners for the Borders, to the Council. Answer to complaints of their severity, from the inhabitants of Tynedale and Riddesdale. Plead against an oblivion of all offences committed in the late reign. Have proceeded against none but notorious offenders. Remarkable murder of John Collingwood. Incloses,
48. I. Information of Hen. Guevara against John and Michael Davison, of Bittleston, as to their resistance when he came to their house to search for Percy. 1605, Nov. 18.
April 28. Exposition and defence of equivocation, by Henry Garnet. When asked if it were well to deny on his priesthood that he had written to Greenwell or had conference with Hall, knowing his denial to be false; replied that in his opinion, and that of all the schoolmen, equivocation may be confirmed by oath or sacrament, without perjury, "if just necessity so require." [G. Plot Bk., No. 218.]
April 29. 49. [The Council] to the Commissioners of the Borders. Direct them to execute the law against the Grahams. Jock of the Pear Tree and Jock Rychie, now prisoners in London, informed against by the Bishop of Carlisle, will be sent down for trial. They are to assist the Earl of Cumberland concerning his lands. Sir Charles Hales is to succeed Sir Thos. Hesketh, deceased. Sir Henry Leigh, who is infirm, to be superseded. Annexed is,
49. I. Abstract of particular offences of Richard and John Graham, alias Jock Rychie and Jock of the Pear Tree, on the Borders.
April 29.
Tower.
50. Thos. Phelippes to Salisbury. Exculpates himself from any connexion with Garnet and the conspirators in the Powder Plot. [See Feb. 1606.]
April ?
Tower.
51. Account of the proceedings of Thos. Phelippes, addressed by him to the Lieutenant [of the Tower]. Begs the King's consideration of him. His intercourse with Owen was only a stratagem on behalf of Government, in the late Queen's time; particulars of it; presents received by him from Spain; he renewed his correspondence with Flanders, after his first trouble, only in hope of obtaining largesse from Spain; wrote not to Owen but to Mancididor ; his acquaintance with Freeman; knows nothing of Garnet, nor received money from Baldwin. Paget's malice causes his troubles. [Dr. Wm.] Gifford writes that the Pope is working for the King's disquiet; wishes to serve the King by his correspondence, or to retire.
[April 29.] 52. Proofs [alleged by Sir Edw. Coke in the House of Commons] of the complicity of Hugh Owen, in the Gunpowder Plot, as prefixed, viz.:-
Confession of Guy Faukes that he went into Flanders, and disclosed the whole Plot to Hugh Owen and others, who liked it well, and said that Thos. Morgan had proposed the very same thing, in Queen Elizabeth's time. Owen promised that Sir Wm. Stanley should come over with his English troops, if it succeeded. 1606, Jan. 20.
Testimony of Charles Ratcliffe, that Hugh Owen, Father Baldwin, and Colonel Jaques had written to the Archpriest and the English Jesuits, urging caution in "the great important business."
Confession of Thos. Winter, that Rob. Catesby sent him over to Flanders to find a fit agent for the Powder Plot; Father Owen commended Faukes, for secrecy, resolution, and valour. 1605, Nov. 25.
[April.] 53. Censures on the Earl of Devonshire's tract touching Marriage and Divorce, by Wm. Laud.
April ? 54. Dissertation on Matrimony, Divorce, &c., from Matt. 19, v. 6.; probably connected with the above.
April. 55. Narrative of the Gunpowder Plot, from its first discovery to the seizure of the conspirators at Holbeach House. French. [The letter to Lord Monteagle is here said to be written by Fras. Tresham.]
April ? 56. Preamble of a grant to Lord Monteagle of land, value 200£. per annum, for his services in the detection of the Gunpowder Plot.
April ? 57. Petition of the House of Commons to the King; against recusants; for restoration of silenced ministers ; against pluralities of livings, and excommunication.