with view of frankpledge, were being held for
Berwick Hall manor by c. 1500. Seventeenth
century courts elected a constable and presumably tasters of bread and of ale. They dealt with
the usual range of minor offences, amercing tenants for encroaching on the waste, taking in
lodgers, and failing to scour ditches; a man was
presented c. 1656 for allowing mangy horses to
pasture on the common. (fn. 5) Courts leet ceased
c. 1735. Courts baron continued, their business
confined to recording transfers of copyhold,
until 1868 or later. (fn. 6)
Inglesthorpe and Bart Hall manors had no
courts c. 1730, (fn. 7) nor is there any earlier record
of such courts.
No records of vestry government survive from
before 1836. In the mid and later 19th century
the vestry met in the church vestry or at the
King's Head and was usually chaired by one of
the churchwardens. Attendance was often poor;
in 1859 and 1863 no parishioners attended the
Easter meeting. A salaried surveyor was appointed in 1837 and a salaried assistant overseer
in 1842. (fn. 8)
Expenditure on the poor between 1776 and
1834, although usually lower than average for
the hundred, was comparatively high per head
of population. Total expenditure was £77 in
1776 and, unusually, fell between 1783 and 1785
to an average of £74. (fn. 9) By 1803 expenditure per
head, £1 12s. 11d., was one of the highest in the
hundred. (fn. 10) Expenditure fell from £342 or £1 9s.
4d. a head in 1813 to £218 in 1815 and 1816,
then rose to £452 or £1 10s. 4d. a head in 1818.
It remained between £350 and £450 a year for
much of the 1820s, but rose to £567 or £1 9s.
6d. a head, one of the highest per capita expenditures in the hundred, in 1830, and remained
high until 1834. (fn. 11)
The presumably unendowed 'almshouses',
two in the former glebe house and one at
Wenthouses, recorded in the earlier 18th century were probably used as pauper housing. (fn. 12)
One may have become the workhouse which was
in use in 1803 but disused by 1813. The town
house which the vestry sold in 1840 may have
been the house at Wenthouses. (fn. 13)
||P.R.O., REQ 2/77, no. 82; E.R.O., T/B 548/1 (formerly D/D Bm M66-68, 327).
||E.R.O., T/B 548/1-2 (formerly D/D Bm M69-72; D/D Bm M327).
||Ibid. T/P 195/11.
||Ibid. Acc. A9441 (uncat.); vestry bk. 1836-1931.
Poor law abstract, 1804.
Rep. Sel. Cttee. Poor Rate Returns 1822-4, H.C. 334, Suppl. App. (1825), iv; ibid. 1825-9, H.C. 83,
pp. 61-2 (1830-1), xi; ibid. 1830-4, H.C. 444, p. 60 (1835), xlvii.
||E.R.O., T/P 195/11.
Poor Law Abstract, 1804; E.R.O., Q/CR 1/10; ibid. Acc. A9441 (uncat.): vestry bk. 1836-1931; ibid. D/CT 104.