Courts were being
held for Little Horkesley Hall in 1266, and in
1273-4 the lord held a court leet with the assizes
of bread and of ale. (fn. 36) In 1631-2 the lord still
held courts leet and baron. In the 1630s one
two constables were normally elected, and two
surveyors in 1638. (fn. 37) The business of the courts
was limited to the transfer of holdings and the
punishment and correction of minor misdefmeanours and nuisances, such as breaking the
lord's pound and hedgebreaking. (fn. 38) ThomasBourdillon (d. 1888) enfranchised many copyholds, but manorial rights were not fully extinguished until 1936. (fn. 39) About 1525 the priory
manor also held a court baron, but there is no
later record of it. (fn. 40)
From 1664 parish officers included two
churchwardens, two constables, two overseers of
the poor, and two surveyors of highways. In
1692-3 Edward Husbands of Little Horkesley
Hall was both churchwarden and surveyor of
highways. (fn. 41)
In 1654 a poor rate raised £6 5s. and in 1776
another £60 9s. 8d. Expenditure had increased
to £365 12s. 6d. in 1801, but only averaged c.
£245 between 1801 and 1815 with a peak of £348
19s. 10d. in 1813. It averaged c. £410 between
1827 and 1836, and by the latter year the cost per
head of population of 35s. 11d. was the highest
in the Colchester division of Lexden hundred. (fn. 42)
In 1717 Edward Husbands rented a house to
the parish for the use of the poor, and the
arrangement still operated in 1782. The house
was probably on the site of Workhouse Cottages
on Workhouse Road. (fn. 43) An average of nine people
received occasional relief in that workhouse
between 1813 and 1815. (fn. 44) The surviving build-
ing includes a pair of two-roomed cottages built
c. 1800 around a single central stack. A third
cottage was added to the rear early in the 19th
century. The building still comprised three
cottages in 1914, but later in the 20th century it
was made into a single dwelling. (fn. 45)
||P.R.O., C 132/33, no. 9; Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), i. 139.
||E.R.O., D/DZe 8; D/DOt M1, rott. 10, 13.
||Ibid. D/DZe 11/1, 11/5; D/DOt M1, rot. 9.
||Ibid. D/DZe 3, 137, 161, 199, 207-8.
||P.R.O., E 36/163, p. 65.
||E.R.O., D/P 307/8/1.
||Ibid. D/DOt O3; ibid. Q/CR 1/1, 1/9/16, 1/12; Rep. Sel. Cttee. on Poor Rate Returns 1822-4, H.C. 334, p. 81 (1825), iv; 1825-9, ibid. H.C. 83, p. 61 (1830-1), xi; 1830-4, ibid. H.C. 444, p. 60 (1835), xlvii.
||E.R.O., D/DRl M4; ibid. Q/RRp 1/45.
||Ibid. Q/CR 1/10.
||Ibid. sale cat. B4953.