Affairs of the East India Company
Appendix 1 to the evidence of James C. Melvill esquire

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'Affairs of the East India Company: Appendix 1 to the evidence of James C. Melvill esquire', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 62: 1830, pp. 994-997. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16414 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Appendix, No. 1.

APPENDIX TO THE EVIDENCE OF JAMES C. MELVILL Esquire.

No. 1.

ACCOUNT of the GROSS and NET PRODUCE of the REVENUES of BENGAL, MADRAS and BOMBAY combined, and the GROSS and NET CHARGES defrayed out of those REVENUES, from the Year 1823-24 to 1827-28, and as estimated for 1828-29.

PRINCIPAL HEADS OF REVENUE. 1823-24. 1824-25. 1825-26. 1826-27. 1827-28. Estimate 1828-29.
£ £ £ £ £ £
LAND REVENUE, SAYER and ABKAREE; PESHCUSH, SUBSIDY and TOBACCO 15,110,517 14,545,158 15,400,104 15,565,404 15,384,528 15,641,011
Charges (fn. *) 4,409,040 3,198,826 3,262,673 3,277,866 3,645,830 3,637,381
Net Produce 10,701,477 11,346,332 12,137,431 12,287,538 11,738,698 12,003,630
CUSTOMS 1,582,576 1,634,406 1,661,460 1,702,593 1,793,044 1,859,121
Charges 228,989 230,517 242,994 232,985 227,774 217,464
Net Produce 1,353,587 1,403,889 1,418,466 1,469,608 1,565,270 1,641,657
SALT 2,593,808 2,450,726 2,515,570 2,522,767 2,748,404 2,671,732
Charges 800,104 874,713 659,962 782,185 912,002 852,270
Net Produce 1,793,704 1,576,013 1,855,608 1,740,582 1,836,402 1,819,462
OPIUM 1,381,924 1,515,302 939,891 1,715,307 2,051,621 1,804,960
Charges 642,030 784,336 562,306 513,101 658,254 464,000
Net Produce 739,894 730,966 377,585 1,202,206 1,393,367 1,340,960
STAMPS 305,330 303,470 335,988 378,579 378,848 395,275
Charges 79,958 66,247 63,130 69,101 80,868 81,371
Net Produce 225,372 237,223 272,858 309,478 297,980 313,904
TRIBUTE from AVA 553,138 186,010 208,800
Bhurtpoor State, on Account CHARGES of WAR 92,800
Scindiah's GOVERNMENT, for AUXILIARY HORSE 161,240
PROFITS of the Madras GOVERNMENT BANK, from its Institution 620,226 9,162 9,143
TOTAL GROSS RECEIPTS 20,974,155 20,449,062 20,853,013 23,058,014 22,551,617 22,844,082
Deduct CHARGES of COLLECTION, PENSIONS, ADVANCES for MANUFACTURE, &c. 6,160,121 5,154,639 4,791,065 4,875,238 5,524,728 5,252,486
TOTAL NET PRODUCE of the REVENUES 14,814,034 15,294,423 16,061,948 18,182,776 17,026,889 17,591,596

[200]

CHARGES upon the REVENUES of INDIA.
MINT CHARGES 67,155 80,462 92,127 86,631 67,876 67,099
Receipts 29,295 21,239 49,964 48,039 47,912 35,467
Net Charges 37,860 59,223 42,163 38,592 19,964 31,632
POST OFFICE CHARGES 128,592 131,724 135,612 131,639 137,262 135,468
Receipts 117,237 121,570 124,611 127,197 136,450 135,694
Net Charges 11,355 10,154 11,001 4,442 802 226
CHARGES of the CIVIL ESTABLISHMENTS 1,937,977 2,125,896 2,316,909 2,864,831 2,694,204 2,405,058
Receipts 30,992 29,630 61,802 36,442 55,830 50,847
Net Charges 1,906,985 2,096,266 2,255,107 2,828,389 2,638,374 2,354,211
JUDICIAL CHARGES 1,558,516 1,654,861 1,664,549 1,726,320 1,836,816 1,774,755
Receipts 105,252 100,933 114,960 122,012 121,180 119,902
Net Charges 1,453,264 1,553,928 1,549,589 1,604,308 1,715,636 1,654,853
MARINE CHARGES 249,138 260,229 375,247 346,178 381,851 370,625
Receipts 53,167 46,727 57,655 56,069 66,290 62,666
Net Charges 195,971 213,502 317,592 290,109 315,561 307,959
MILITARY CHARGES 8,952,316 11,050,415 13,229,603 11,419,217 10,784,713 9,736,878
INTEREST ON DEBT 1,602,218 1,414,265 1,524,152 1,684,116 1,855,705 1,942,671
DECCAN PRIZE MONEY repaid 600,905
TOTAL GROSS CHARGES 14,495,912 16,717,852 19,338,199 18,258,932 18,359,332 16,432,554
Deduct RECEIPTS 335,943 320,099 408,992 389,759 427,672 404,576
TOTAL NET CHARGES upon the REVENUES 14,159,969 16,397,753 18,929,207 17,869,173 17,931,660 16,027,978
Add,
PAYMENTS on Account SUBORDINATE SETTLEMENTS, in excess of RECEIPTS 172,789 254,353 75,163 125,912 138,019 127,600
CHARGES of the ISLAND of ST. HELENA 107,323 110,592 111,530 112,388 123,756 112,690
TERRITORIAL PAYMENTS in ENGLAND 891,524 1,217,907 1,073,228 1,316,865 1,243,130 1,512,518
INVOICE VALUE of POLITICAL STORES exported to INDIA 403,494 417,935 750,057 1,121,292 808,080 453,437
TOTAL CHARGES upon the REVENUES 15,735,099 18,398,540 20,939,185 20,545,630 20,244,645 18,234,223
NET PRODUCE of the REVENUES 14,814,034 15,294,423 16,061,948 18,182,776 17,026,889 17,591,596
DEFICIT £ 921,065 3,104,117 4,877,237 2,362,854 3,217,756 642,627

The Variations between these Results and those shewn in the Accounts already before Parliament are comparatively inconsiderable, and are caused by Adjustments.

Appended to this Account is a Statement of the Items composing both the Charges above stated as Deductions from the Revenues, and the other Charges of the Civil and Military Government for the Year 1827-28, which will fully explain the Nature and Description of Expenditure.

East India House, 16th March 1830.

(Errors excepted.)

JAMES C. MELVILL, Auditor of India Accounts.

[201]

Appendix to the Evidence of James C. Melvill Esquire - continued.

ABSTRACT STATEMENT of the CHARGES for the Year 1827-28, whether stated as Deductions from Revenues, or as Charges appertaining to the Civil and Military Government of India.

CHARGES upon the LAND REVENUE, SAYER, ABKAREE and TOBACCO. Rs £
BENGAL -
Salaries, Allowances, &c. to the Members of the Boards of Revenue, Officers of Account, &c. 22.89.524
Charges of collecting, &c. 61.29.880
Extraordinary Charges in excess of Extraordinary Receipts, being for Buildings, &c. 2.47.999
Stipends, Pensions, and Charitable Allowances 45.41.161
Sa Rs 1.32.08.564 1,532,193
MADRAS -
Salaries to the Members of the Board of Revenue, Officers of Account, &c. 3.14.359
Charges of collecting the Revenue, &c. 49.87.349
Carnatic Deposit, &c. 12.77.741
Purchase and Charges of Tobacco 2.78.627
Stipends, Pensions and Charitable Allowances 47.14.207
Ms Rs 1.15.72.283 1,322,546
BOMBAY -
Salaries, Charges of Collection, &c. 22.23.034
Survey and other Extraordinary Charges, in excess of Extraordinary Receipts 4.46.951
Allowances to Zemindars, Musmoodars, Dessaes and other District and Village Officers 13.47.896
Stipends, Pensions and Charitable Allowances 30.14.037
By Rs 70.31.918 791,091
CUSTOMS. 3,645,830
BENGAL - Salaries, Commission, Establishment and Contingencies 11.40.409 132,287
MADRAS - Do. - Do. Do. 4.55.281 52,032
BOMBAY - Do. - Do. Do. 3.86.266 43,455
227,774
SALT.
BENGAL -
Advances to Manufacturers 42.91.768
Convention with the French Government 4.00.000
Do. Danish Government 15.000
Salaries, Commission, Calary Rents, Establishment and Contingencies 22.61.527
Buildings, &c. 1.52.888
71.21.183 826,057
MADRAS -
Salt Manufacturers Share 2.50.542
Moyen Zabitah and other Charges 3.74.794
Compensations 25.842
Advances 1.00.843
7.52.021 85,945
OPIUM. 912,002
BENGAL -
Advances to Manufacturers 38.79.974
Compensation to Purchasers of inferior Behar Opium in 1824-25 10.68.608
Salaries, Agency Establishments and Contingencies 7.26.024
56.74.606 658,254

[202]

STAMPS.
BENGAL -
Fees to Native Commissioners in the Mofussil Courts 2.27.370
Purchase of Paper 48.704
Commission, Salary, Establishments and Contingencies 3.39.708
6.15.782 71,431
MADRAS -
Commission, Salary, Establishments and Contingencies 2.576 9,437
80,868
MINTS.
BENGAL -
Salaries, Establishments and Contingencies 2.01.080
Loss of Weight in melting the Precious Metals 1.76.787
3.77.867 43,838
Carried forward 43,838
Brought forward 43,838
MADRAS - Salaries, Establishments and Contingencies 1.78.557 20,406
BOMBAY - Do. - Do. 32,327 3,637
67,876
POST OFFICE.
BENGAL -
Commission, Salaries and Establishments 1.25.594
Dawk Establishment 6.42.293
7.67.887 89,075
MADRAS -
Salaries, Establishments, &c. 64.973
Tappaul Establishment 1.91.744
2.56.717 29,339
BOMBAY -
Salaries, Establishments and Contingencies 1.67.538 18,848
137,262
GENERAL CIVIL CHARGES.
BENGAL -
Durbar Charges 3.40.331
Governor General's Office 1.80.300
Expence of visiting the Upper Provinces 2.95.269
Embassies and Missions to Native Courts 21.22.670
Pay of Auxiliary Troops under Gwalior Treaty of November 1817 8.41.128
Gumber Sing's and Mug Levy, &c. 1.47.305
Salaries of The Governor General and Members of Council 5.96.674
Public Offices at the Presidency 11.62.849
Public Establishments Ditto 9.53.023
Church Establishment 4.24.736
Vaccine Establishment 77.139
House Rent, &c. 81.641
Repairs of Roads, Buildings, &c. 2.79.747
College at Fort William 1.39.637
Contributions to Public and Charitable Institutions 5.47.820
Schools 1.48.736
Petty Establishments and Contingencies 3.11.787
Stipend and Allowances of the Nizamut 22.40.350
Provincial Battalions and Nujeebs 25.84.904
Pensions and Charitable Allowances 95.977
Advances for Buildings, &c. 10.03.810
Batta to Troops employed in the Burman War 7.86.473
Extraordinary Charges 81.724
1.54.44.030 1,791,508

[203]

MADRAS -
Durbar Charges, &c. 1.14.094
Mysore Residency Charges 1.51.061
Travancore Ditto 46.826
Tanjore Ditto 25.181
Pondicherry Ditto 23.604
Chepauck Agency Charges 35.497
Salaries of the Governor and Council 2.69.734
Public Offices at the Presidency 6.01.304
Church Establishment 2.52.061
College at Fort St. George 1.74.215
House Rent 41.875
Assessment Establishment, Public Instruction, Survey and Engineer Establishment 1.47.725
Hospital and Vaccine Establishment 1.04.956
Buildings, Repairs and contingent Charges 6.56.981
Contributions to Public and Charitable Institutions 2.27.471
Charges on Account His Majesty's Navy 84.881
Pensions and Charitable Allowances 1.96.858
31.54.324 360,494
BOMBAY -
Durbar and Residency Charges 7.26.605
Salaries of The Governor and Council 3.41.000
Public Offices at the Presidency 5.56.350
Public Establishments Ditto 65.675
Public Establishments at the Subordinates 2.95.993
Church Establishment 2.10.194
Contributions to Public and Charitable Institutions 2.13.991
Enaumdars 7.05.975
Buildings, Repairs, Roads, Bridges, &c. 11.28.039
Pensions and Charitable Allowances 5.75.749
48.19.569 542,202
2,694,204

Appendix to the Evidence of James C. Melvill Esquire - continued.

Abstract Statement of the Charges for the Year 1827-28, &c. -continued.

[204]

JUDICIAL CHARGES. Rs £
BENGAL -
Salaries, Establishments and Contingencies of the Supreme Court 4.32.337
Ditto Ditto of the Justices of the Peace, Diet of Prisoners, &c. at the Presidency 2.51.693
Court of Requests 98.605
Sudder Dewanny and Nizamat Adawluts 6.38.869
Provincial Courts of Appeal and Zillah Adawults 62.69.040
Provincial Police 17.89.377
Extraordinary and Contingent Charges 3.73.318
Pensions 38.455
98.91.694 1,147,436
MADRAS -
Salaries, Establishments, &c. of the Supreme Court 3.08.700
Police Charges, &c. at the Presidency 1.33.040
Court of Sudder and Fouzdarry Adawlut 2.53.557
Provincial Courts 25.97.490
Pensions, &c. 7.342
33.00.129 377,158
BOMBAY -
Salaries, Establishments, &c. of the Supreme Court, &c. 3.68.400
Police Charges, &c. at the Presidency 1.27.540
Court of Sudder and Fouzdarry Adawlut 2.62.891
Provincial Courts 19.39.774
Buildings, &c. 76.701
27.75.306 312,222
1,836,816
MARINE CHARGES.
BENGAL -
Expence of the Pilot Schooners and Buoy Vessel 3.68.585
Ditto of the Steam Vessels 87.454
Ditto of the Lighthouses, &c. 1.08.505
Master Attendant and Establishment 1.59.148
Paymaster and Storekeeper, and Establishment 56.496
Moorings, &c. 86.279
Offices, Establishments, &c. 68.309
Buildings and Repairs 3.11.304
Pensions 80.266
13.26.346 153,856
MADRAS -
Master Attendant, Establishment, &c. at the Presidency 1.11.955
Expences at the Out Ports 35.629
1.47.584 16,867
BOMBAY -
Marine Office, Establishment, &c. 1.51.105
Charges of Marine Cruizers, &c. 11.94.573
Ditto of Water Boats, Luggage Boats, Ferry Boats, &c. 25.831
Ditto of Dry Docks, Mooring Chains, &c. 80.444
Expence of building Vessels, Purchase of Timber, &c. 4.24.741
18.76.694 211,128
381,851
MILITARY CHARGES.
BENGAL -
Pay and Allowances, &c. of the King's Troops 39.85.436
Ditto Ditto of Company's Troops 2.12.37.362
Local Corps, Garrisons, Commissariat, and contingent and other Charges 1.34.32.527
Buildings, Repairs, &c. 22.69.016
Sa Rs 4.09.24.341 4,747,224
MADRAS -
Pay and Allowances of the King's Troops 29.12.983
Ditto of Company's Troops 1.43.29.343
Local Corps, Garrisons, Staffs, Commissariat and contingent Charges 1.38.78.814
Arrears of Charges of Birman War 26.58.069
Charges on account of Prince of Wales Island 2.06.911
Buildings, Repairs, &c. 3.68.712
3.43.54.832 3,926,267
Carried forward 8,673,491
Brought forward 8,673,491
BOMBAY -
Pay and Allowances of the King's Troops 14.33.933
Ditto Ditto of Company's Troops 93.39.083
Local Corps, Garrisons, Staffs, Commissariat and contingent Charges 73.55.877
Buildings, Repairs, &c. 6.37.524
1.87.66.417 2,111,222
10,784,713
INTEREST.
BENGAL -
Interest on Debts, Deposits, &c., after deducting Receipts for Interest on Bank Shares, &c. 1.42.19.402 1,649,451
MADRAS -
Interest on Carnatic Fund, and other Deposits 15.66.460 179,024
BOMBAY -
Interest on Deposits 2.42.044 27,230
1,855,705

[205]

PAYMENTS ON ACCOUNT SUBORDINATE SETTLEMENTS IN EXCESS OF RECEIPTS.
ST. HELENA -
Cost and Freight of Stores consigned to that Island 69.440
FORT MARLBRO' - Rs
Bills drawn by the Local Agent 52.315
Pensions to Native Invalids 3.558
55.873
PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND, SINGAPORE AND MALACCA -
Bills drawn to defray the Charges 8.09.496
Subscription to Bengal Loan received 2.18.200
Stores supplied 73.518
Compensations, Advances to Officers, and Payments in the Marine Department, &c. 17.595
11.18.809
Deduct, Rs
Interest paid on Bengal Loans 11.780
Advances on Account Marine Department, &c. 40.363
Stores 2.155
54.298
10.64.511
11.89.824 138,019
CHARGES OF THE ISLAND OF ST. HELENA. £
Salaries of the Governor and Civil Establishment 14,337
Charges General-Issues of Stores, Diet and Allowance 13,561
Charges of the Marine Department 2,006
Church Establishment 2,292
Charges of the Plantation 2,311
Ditto of Silk Establishment 1,550
Ditto of School Establishment 1,669
Chinese Establishment 2,374
Highways and Limekilns 674
Advanced for Emancipation of Slaves 2,648
Pensions 2,386
Charges defrayed in England 12,614
Pay and Allowances of the Troops, &c. 65,952
Stores and Contingencies 9,220
Buildings and Fortifications 1,989
135,583
Deduct, £
Amount received for Duties, Licences, and Rents 3,398
Supplies from India included in the Charges above 8,429
11,827
123,756

Appendix to the Evidence of James C. Melvill Esquire-continued.

[206]

Abstract Statement of the Charges for the Year 1827-28, &c.-continued.

TERRITORIAL PAYMENTS in ENGLAND. £
Payment to His Majesty's Government for Charges incurred at Home on Account of King's Troops employed in India 211,452
Ditto as Compensation for Retiring Pay, Pensions, &c. of King's Troops who have served in India 60,000
Passage of Military, and Supplies to them on Voyage 68,761
Furlough and Retiring Pay to Company's Officers 279,564
Off Reckonings 120,308
Absentee Allowance to the Civil Servants 29,876
Political Freight and Demorage 134,435
Political Charges General (the principal Items of which are stated below (fn. *) ) 335,174
Sundry small Payments on Account Tanjore Commission, Subordinate Settlements, &c. 3,560
1,243,130
(fn. *) POLITICAL CHARGES GENERAL. £
India Board: Salaries and Pensions 29,896
Home Establishment: Proportion of Salaries as agreed upon with India Board 52,537
Political Annuitants and Pensioners 58,773
Directors Gratuities (One Half) 4,238
Allowances to Extra Clerks (Two Thirds) 16,756
Proportion of Tradesmen's Bills for Repairs, Coals, &c. and Taxes 15,802
Stationery for Home Use (One Half) 3,591
Proportion of Expence of East India College 10,403
Expence of raising Recruits for Company's European Troops 34,450
Military Seminary at Addiscombe 18,826
Buildings at Ditto 3,464
Military Officers and Soldiers; Passage Money of King's Officers, Allowances, &c. 21,722
Disbursements in and Expences of the Military Store Department 10,518
Disbursements on account of Horses shipped for India 2,352
Carried forward £ 283,328
Brought forward 283,328
Lord Clive's Fund: Excess of Pensions, &c. beyond Receipts 33,133
Law Charges respecting Political Matters 4,189
Allowances for Outfit, Passage, and Equipment to Political Officers 13,284
Batta to Officers employed in the Burman War 24,110
Maintenance of Insane Persons from the Civil and Military Establishments of India 2,972
Proportion of Expence of the Carnatic Commission 3,808
Proportion of Expence incurred in purchasing Books, Maps, &c. 2,077
Gratuities to Political Officers for Public Services 2,141
Charges on account of the Persian Embassy 1,885
Payments on Account of Publications useful to the Civil and Military Branches of the Service 2,031
Expence of maintaining, &c. Lascars and other Asiatic Seamen 1,905
Expence of Overland Packets and Sundry Political Charges 6,872
381,735
Deduct, £
Charges attaching to Territorial Exports, which are included in the Invoice Amount of Political Stores, &c. 27,972
Advances recovered in India, which had previously been stated as Charges 9,798
Received from Assignees of Mr. Card, as a Compromise in the Suit of Murray, Administrator to Hope, against the Company 7,000
Interest upon Company's Carnatic Stock 1,407
Fines, &c. for Breaches of Contracts 384
46,561
£ 335,174

Footnotes

* This includes the Payment of £1,165,165 to The Nizam, for the Redemption of Peshcush.