103. Salmon Fisheries 1900-02
App. 17 March 1900. Rep. 10 July 1902, Cd.1188. Other papers: Cd.1269, xiii;
Cd.1280-1, xiv. Cost £4,820.
Earl of Elgin & Kincardine; Duke of Bedford; Hon. F.J. Stuart-Gray; D.N. Paton;
J. Fell; W.E. Archer; C.M.P. Burn; C. Lyne; J.A. Travers.
Secretary: A.H. Higgins. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 4 March 1901 on the accession
of Edward VII.
To consider the causes affecting the yield of salmon fisheries in England, Wales
and Scotland and to report whether any change of the law was desirable.
104. Port of London 1900-02
App. 21 June 1900. Rep. 16 June 1902, Cd.1151, xliii. Other papers: Cd.1152,
xliii; Cd.1153, xliv. Cost £4,316.
Earl Egerton; Lord Revelstoke; Hon. A. Lyttelton; Sir R. Giffen; Sir J.W.
Wolfe-Barry; Sir J. Hext; J.E. Ellis.
Secretary: B. Holland.
A Warrant of 6 March 1901 appointed Revelstoke as chairman after Egerton had
resigned because of ill health; W.R.W. Peel was also appointed to the
Commission. The Commission was reappointed 4 March 1901 after the death of
To inquire into the administration of the Port of London; the adequacy of, and
charges for, the accommodation and unloading of vessels; and whether any
change or improvement was necessary.
105. South African Hospitals 1900-05
App. 24 July 1900. Rep. pres. 18 Jan 1901, Cd.453. Other papers: Cd.454, xxix;
Cd.455, xxx; 1905, Cd.2440, xlvi. Cost £8,439. (RSM&S)
Sir R. Romer; Sir D. Richmond; W.S. Church ; D.J. Cunningham; F. Harrison.
Secretary: Major J.T. Tennant.
To consider and report upon the care and treatment of the sick and wounded
during the South African campaign.
This was originally appointed on 19 July 1900 as a Departmental Committee, but
its status was changed to a Royal Commission in order that the Witness
Protection Act (1892) would apply to the inquiry. The Act covered Royal
Commissions, Statutory Inquiries and Parliamentary Committees, and while the
proceedings of a Departmental Committee were held to be an occasion of
qualified privilege in that 'the witness is protected unless express malice is
proved against him' (G. Lushington and H.H. Asquith statement, 20 Jan 1894),
this was not considered to afford sufficient protection in the present case and the
Queen's permission was sought in order that a Warrant could be drawn up.
106. Arsenical Poisoning 1901-03
App. 4 Feb 1901. Rep. (1) 6 July 1901, Cd.692, ix, 283; (2) 6 Nov 1903: 1904,
Cd.1848, ix, 399. Other papers: Cd.1845, Cd.1869, ix. Cost £4,418.
Lord Kelvin; Sir W.H. Dyke; T.E. Thorpe; H.C.O. Bonsor; W.S. Church; B.A.
Secretary: G.S. Buchanan. (Dr of Medicine; named in Warr.)
This was the first Royal Commission appointed by Edward VII. Warrants in
force at the time of Victoria's death on 22 Jan 1901 were revoked and re-issued.
To ascertain the amount of recent sickness and death in England and Wales
resulting from arsenical poisoning in beer and other articles of food or drink; the
extent to, and means by, which such poisoning was introduced; and to
Whitelegge added a memorandum to the first, and Thorpe to the second, report.
107. University Education in Ireland 1901-03
App. 1 July 1901. Rep. (1) 28 Sept 1901: 1902, Cd.825-6, xxxi, 21; (2) 21 Dec
1901: 1902, Cd.899-900, xxxi, 459; (3) 28 July 1902, Cd. 1228-9, xxxii; (4) 28
Feb 1903, Cd.1483-4, xxxii. Cost £3,530.
Lord Robertson; Viscount Ridley; J. Healy; D.H. Madden; Sir R.C. Jebb; S.H.
Butcher; J.A. Ewing; J. Rhys; A.W. Rücker; J.L. Smith; W.J.M. Starkie; W.
Secretary: J.D. Daly.
A further Warrant of 23 July 1901 appointed R.H.F. Dickey in place of Rücker
To inquire into the present condition of higher, general and technical education
available in Ireland, outside Trinity College, Dublin, and to report on what
reforms might be needed to make that education adequate to the needs of the
The final report was signed by all except Dickey who attached a note of dissent.
Apart from Butcher all the Commissioners signed subject to various notes and
108. Tuberculosis 1901-11
App. 31 Aug 1901. Rep. (1) 16 May 1904, Cd.2092, xxxix, 129; (2) pres. 12 Feb
1907, Cd.3322, xxxviii; (3) pres. 16 Feb 1909, Cd.4483, xlix, 365; (4) pres. 5
July 1911, Cd.5761, xlii, 173. Other papers: 1907, Cd. 3584, xxxviii; Cd.3660,
xxxix; Cd.3661, 3378, xl. 1908, Cd.3758, lvii; 1911, Cd.5790, xlii; Cd.5791,
5893, xliii; Cd.5894, 5975, xliv; 1913, Cd. 6796, 6904, xl; 1914-16, Cd.7941,
xxxvii. Cost £75,615.
Sir M. Foster (d. 29 Jan 1907); G.S. Woodhead; S.H.C. Martin; J. McFadyean;
Secretary: E.J. Steegmann.
A Warrant of 18 March 1907 appointed W.H. Power as Chairman.
To inquire and report with respect to tuberculosis: whether the disease was the
same for humans and animals; the likelihood of reciprocal infection; and the
conditions under which such cross-infection might take place.
This Commission conducted its own researches and recorded thanks to Sir J.
Blyth, who allowed them the use of his farm buildings and animals for their
experiments and investigations.
109. Coal Supply 1901-05
App. 26 Dec 1901. Rep. (1) 5 Aug 1903, Cd. 1724-6, xvi; (2) 24 Feb 1904,
Cd. 1990-2, xxiii; (3) 7 Jan 1905, Cd. 2353-65, xvi. Cost £20,202.
W.L. Jackson (cr. Baron Allerton in 1902); Sir G.J. Armytage; Sir W.T. Lewis;
Sir L. Wood; T. Bell; W. Brace; A.C. Briggs; H.B. Dixon; J.S. Dixon; C. Le
Neve Foster (d. 19 Apr 1904); E. Hull; C. Lapworth; J.P. Maclay; A. Sopwith;
J.J.H. Teall; R. Young (d. 17 Dec 1904).
Secretary: W. Russell. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
A Warrant of 3 Nov 1903 appointed A. Strahan as an additional commissioner.
To inquire into the extent and available resources of UK coalfields; their
anticipated rate of exhaustion; the effect of exports on the home supply, having
particular regard to the needs of the Royal Navy; the possibility of a reduction
in costs; and an assessment of the competitive power of the industry.
The first report was not signed by Foster; the second was not signed by
110. Alien Immigration 1902-03
App. 21 March 1902. Rep. 10 Aug 1903, Cd.1741-3, ix. Cost £2,180.
Lord James of Hereford; Lord Rothschild; Hon. A. Lyttelton; Sir K.E. Digby;
W.E. Evans-Gordon; H. Norman; W. Vallance.
Secretary: F.E. Eddis. Asst. Sec: F.W. Perrett.
To inquire into the nature of the evils attributed to the unrestricted immigration
of aliens, especially in London; and the measures adopted by foreign countries
and the British Colonies for the restriction and control of immigration.
The report was signed subject to a Memorandum by Rothschild and Digby.
In May 1904 Eddis submitted a draft pamphlet on the work of the Commission
to the Home Office in which he claimed that Evans-Gordon had been appointed
to attack unrestricted immigration and Rothschild to defend it and that witnesses
for each side had been summoned accordingly. Despite the anger caused by
Drage's book on the Labour Commission and the subsequent recommendation
that Secretaries should be made aware of the responsibilities of their privileged
position in order to prevent such publications in future, no definite instructions
had been produced. As there was no procedure to be followed the Home Office
made its usual response and referred the decision elsewhere: Eddis was advised
that he should obtain the chairman's approval and the file note is that the matter
should be left to Lord Hereford. (PRO.H0.45/10241/B.37811) The pamphlet
does not seem to have been published, although Eddis subsequently wrote That
Goldheim? A spy story, exposing a special danger resulting from alien
111. Physical Training in Scotland 1902-03
App. 31 March 1902. Rep. 14 March 1903, Cd.1507-8, xxx. Cost £2,368.
Earl of Mansfield; Hon. T.H.A.E. Cochrane; Sir T. Glen-Coats; Sir H. Craik;
M.H. Shaw-Stewart; J.C. Alston; J.B. Fergusson; G. McCrae; A. Ogston.
Secretary: R.B. Pearson. (Advocate; named in Warr.)
To inquire into the state of physical training in state-aided schools and
educational establishments in Scotland; and to suggest means by which such
training might add to the welfare of pupils and how it might be continued for
those who had left school, and thus to contribute towards the sources of national
112. Martial Law in South Africa 1902
App. 18 Aug 1902. Rep. 28 Oct 1902. Cd.1364, lxix, 295. Cost £1,369.
Lord Alverstone; Sir J.C. Bigham; Sir J.C. Ardagh.
Secretary: G. Mellor. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
The Warrant for this Commission did not include the usual clause that the
Commission should report 'from time to time'; Lord Alverstone was privately
informed by the Colonial Office that they were not expected to take evidence for
publication, and that only their opinion was wanted. (PRO.HO.45/10285/107553)
To enquire into sentences passed by the Military Courts in South Africa during
the period of martial law.
113. Military Preparation for South African War 1902-03
App. 9 Sept 1902. Rep. 9 July 1903: 1904, Cd. 1789, xl. Other papers: 1904,
Cd.1790, xl; Cd.1791, xli; Cd.1792, xlii. Cost £2,178.
Earl of Elgin & Kincardine; Viscount Esher; Sir G. Dashwood Taubmann-Goldie;
Sir H.W. Norman; Sir J.O. Hopkins; Sir J. Edge; Sir J. Jackson.
Secretary: B. Holland.
A further Warrant of 11 Oct 1902 appointed Lord Strathcona & Mount Royal,
and Sir F.M. Darley to the Commission.
To inquire into the military preparations for the War in South Africa, and into
the supply of men, ammunition, equipment, and transport by sea and land in
connection with the campaign, and into the military operations up to the
occupation of Pretoria. (In full.)
The report was signed by all with notes by Esher, Taubman-Goldie, Darley, Edge
114. Superannuation in the Civil Service 1902-03
App. 29 Nov 1902. Rep. 10 Aug 1903, Cd. 1744-5, xxxiii, 209. Cost £466.
L.H. Courtney; Sir A. Henderson; Sir R.H. Knox; Sir W.B. Gurdon; E.W.
Brabrook; J.F. Moulton; W.H. Dickinson; A.H.A. Morton; W.G. Bunn.
Secretary: L.J. Hewby. (Named in Warr.)
To inquire into the possibility of amending Civil Service superannuation to give
greater uniformity of advantage without increasing taxation.
The majority report was signed with notes by Henderson and Moulton; and
Morton. Knox and Brabrook produced a minority report.
115. London Traffic 1903-05
App. 9 Feb 1903. Rep. 26 June 1905, Cd.2597, xxx, 533. Other papers: 1906,
Cd.2751-2, xl-xli; Cd.2987, xlii; Cd.2798-9, xliii-xliv; Cd.2743-4, xlv-xlvi. Cost
Sir D.M. Barbour; Earl Cawdor; Viscount Cobham; Lord Ribblesdale; Sir J.C.
Dimsdale; Sir J.P. Dickson-Poynder; Sir R.T. Reid; Sir J.W. Wolfe-Barry; Sir
F.J.S. Hopwood; Sir G.C.T. Bartley; C.S. Murdoch; F.O. Schuster; G.S. Gibb.
Secretary: L.L. Macassey. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
To inquire into means of locomotion and transport in London and to report on
measures for their improvement; and on the desirability of the establishment of
an authority or tribunal to which all schemes of railway or tramway construction
should be referred and the powers which should be given to such an authority.
Cawdor resigned 25 March 1905 when he became First Lord of the Admiralty.
Dimsdale and Gibb signed the report subject to a suppplementary report and note,
respectively. Bartley did not sign and attached a separate report.
116. Militia and Volunteer Forces 1903-04
App. 23 Apr 1903. Rep. 20 May 1904, Cd.2061-2, xxx, 175. Cost £1,859.
Duke of Norfolk; Earl of Derby; Lord Grenfell; Sir C. Grove; Sir R.H. Knox; G.
O'Callaghan-Westropp; E.H. Llewellyn; E. Satterthwaite; J.A. Dalmahoy; H.S.
Secretary: H.W.W. McAnally. (Named in Warr.)
A Warrant of 15 May 1903 appointed the Earl of March (succ. as Duke of
Richmond & Gordon, Sept 1903).
To enquire into the organization, numbers and terms of service of Militia and
Volunteer Forces; and to report on any changes needed to maintain such forces
in a condition of military efficiency and adequate strength.
The report was signed with memoranda by Grenfell and Westropp. Separate
reports were produced by (1) Knox; (2) Satterthwaite and Dalmahoy.
117. Supply of Food and Raw Material in Wartime 1903-05
App. 27 Apr 1903. Rep. pres. 31 July 1905, Cd.2643, xxxix. Other papers:
Cd.2644-5, xxxix-xl. Cost £3,799.
Lord Balfour of Burleigh; Prince of Wales; Duke of Sutherland; Lord Burghclere;
H. Chaplin; J.L. Wharton; Sir G.H.U. Noel; Sir J.C.R. Colomb; Sir A.E.
Bateman; Sir H. Seton-Karr; H.H.S. Cunynghame; E. Robertson; T.E. Holland;
A. Emmott; A.S. Harvey (d. 13 March 1905); R. Montgomery; J.E. Street; J.
Secretary: W.H. Clark. (Named in Warr.)
The Warrant names the Prince of Wales first. Uctred Noel resigned when he was
appointed to the command of the China station of the Fleet, and D.H. Bosanquet
was appointed to replace him by Warrant of 7 Jan 1904.
To inquire into conditions affecting importation of food and raw materials into
Great Britain and Ireland in time of war, and into the amount of reserve supplies
at any given period; and to advise on measures, in addition to the maintenance
of a strong Fleet, to ensure the maintenance of supplies.
The report was signed by all members of the Commission, but subject to various
reservations and memoranda by all except the Prince of Wales, the Chairman and
118. Trades Disputes 1903-06
App. 6 June 1903. Rep. 15 Jan 1906, Cd.2825-6, lvi. Cost £2,917.
A.G. Murray (cr. Baron Dunedin, 1905); Sir W.T. Lewis; Sir G. Lushington; A.
Cohen; S. Webb.
Secretary: H.B.N. Mothersole.
To enquire into the subject of trade disputes and trade combinations and as to
the law affecting them, and to report on the law applicable to the same and the
effect of any modifications thereof. (In full.)
Dunedin, Cohen and Webb signed the majority report with various notes and
memoranda appended, several of which were concurred in by Lushington
although he did not sign the report. He and Lewis produced separate minority
119. Ecclesiastical Discipline 1904-06
App. 23 Apr 1904. Rep. 21 June 1906, Cd. 3040, xxxiii. Other papers: same vol.,
Cd.3069-70. Cost £6,168.
Sir M.E. Hicks-Beach (cr. Viscount St. Aldwyn in 1906); Archbishop of
Canterbury; Marquess of Northampton; Bishop of Oxford; Sir F.H. Jeune (cr.
Baron St. Helier Jan 1905); Sir J.H. Kennaway; J.G. Talbot; Sir S. Hoare; Sir
E.G. Clarke; Sir L.T. Dibdin; E.C.S. Gibson (became Bishop of Gloucester in
1905); T.W. Drury; G.W. Prothero; G. Harwood.
Secretary: E.P. Charlewood.
A Warrant of 28 Apr 1905 appointed Lord Alverstone in place of St. Helier who
died 9 Apr 1905.
To inquire into the alleged prevalence of breaches or neglect of the Law relating
to the conduct of Divine Service in the Church of England and to the ornaments
and fittings of churches; and to consider the existing powers and procedure
applicable to such irregularities and to make such recommendations as may be
deemed requisite for dealing with the aforesaid matters. (In full.)
The papers of the Commission are held at the Lambeth Palace Library, and
briefly described in the Library's 1991 Annual Report, pp.23-4.
120. Care and Control of the Feeble-Minded 1904-08
App. 9 Sept 1904. Rep. 10 July 1908, Cd.4202, xxxix, 159. Other papers: 1908,
Cd.4215-6, xxxv-xxxvi; Cd.4217-18, xxxvii; Cd.4219-20, xxxviii; Cd.4221, xxxix.
Marquess of Bath; W.P. Byrne; C.E.H. Hobhouse; F. Needham; H.D. Greene;
C.E.H. Chadwyck-Healey; H.N. Burden; W.H. Dickinson; C.S. Loch; Mrs E.F.
Pinsent. Secretary: H.B.N. Mothersole. (Barrister; not named in 1st Warrant; but
is in 2nd.)
Warrants of 7 Oct 1904 and 6 March 1905 appointed H.B. Donkin and J.C.
Dunlop to the Commission. The Earl of Radnor became Chairman by Warrant
of 25 Feb 1905 after the resignation of the Marquess of Bath. On 17 July 1906
the Commission appointed two Honorary Assistant Commissioners: Sir G.P.
O'Farrell and J. Mooney.
A Warrant of 2 Nov 1906 revoked all previous Commissions and enlarged the
terms of reference to consider the constitution, jurisdiction and working of the
Commission in Lunacy and other Lunacy Authorities in England and Wales and
into the expediency of amending the same or adopting some other system of
supervising the care of lunatics and mental defectives; and to report as to any
amendments in the law which should, in their opinion, be adopted. The personnel
remained the same.
Five Commissioners, Byrne, Dickinson, Donkin, Dunlop and Mrs Pinsent, visited
the USA to investigate matters there and produced a report, Cd.4221, 30 Apr
1907. Treasury officials were opposed to this visit and PRO.T.108/9326 records
their hope that the proposal will not be pressed and suggests that the information
sought by the Commissioners was available from the US Embassy.
The final report was signed subject to reservations by Hobhouse, Needham,
Dunlop, Greene and Dickinson.
121. Churches in Scotland 1904-05
App. 17 Dec 1904. Rep. 12 Apr 1905, Cd.2494-5, xxiii, 113. Cost £1,005.
Earl of Elgin & Kincardine; Lord Kinnear; Sir R.W. Anstruther.
Secretary: R.A. Lee. (Advocate; named in Warr.)
To inquire into all the facts connected with the funds and properties held by the
Free Church of Scotland and to report as to whether any action should be taken
thereon by legislation or otherwise.
See also no. 123.
122. Trade with South Africa 1905-06
App. 28 June 1905. Rep. 31 July 1906, Cd.3127, lvii. Other papers: Cd. 3128-9,
lvii; Cd.3130-1, lviii. Cost £30,518.
Sir G. Farwell; Sir G.D. Taubman-Goldie; Sir G.S. White; Sir F. Mowatt; S.H.
Secretary: H.T. Baker.
To inquire into trade with South Africa in reference to allegations made in the
report of the committee presided over by Lt. General Sir William Francis Butler,
22 May 1905.
123. Church in Scotland Act 1905-09
App. 11 Aug 1905. Counter-sealed in Edinburgh 16 Aug 1905. Rep. 23 Dec
1909: 1910, Cd.5060-1, xiii, 343. Cost £418. (LPGS)
Earl of Elgin & Kincardine; Lord Kinnear; Sir T.D. Gibson-Carmichael; Sir R.W.
Anstruther; Sir C.B. Logan (d. 2 March 1907).
Secretary: R.A. Lee. (Advocate)
A Warrant of 20 Aug 1908 appointed D. Crawford. Gibson-Carmichael resigned
when he was appointed Governor of the Colony of Victoria in 1908. The
Commission appointed seven Assistant Commissioners: J.C. Pitman, N.K.
Cochran-Patrick, J. Adam, W.A. Mackintosh, G. Moncreiff, J. Prosser and W.H.
To carry into effect the provisions of the Churches (Scotland) Act, 1905.
124. Motor Car Acts 1905-06
App. 2 Sept 1905. Rep. pres. 23 July 1906, Cd.3080-1, xlviii. Cost £2,455.
Viscount Selby; Marquess of Winchester; Sir D. Harrel; Sir W.B. Forwood; E.R.
Henry (ktd. 1906); W.J. Mure; H.C. Monro.
Secretary: C.C. Bigham. (Captain in Army; named in Warr.)
To inquire and report as to working of the Motor Car Acts of 1896 and 1903;
law and practice connected with motor cars in principal foreign countries;
amendments to the Motor Car Acts and the regulations under them; the injury to
roads alleged to be caused by cars; and whether there should be additional
charges imposed in respect of motor cars.
The report was signed subject to a reservation from Henry and Monro.
125. Poor Laws 1905-09
App. 4 Dec 1905. Rep. (1) 4 Feb 1909, Cd.4499, xxxvii; (2) 14 Apr 1909,
Cd.4630; (3) 13 Oct 1909, Cd.4922, xxxviii, 95. Other papers: 1909, Cd.4625-27,
xxxix; Cd.4684, 4704, 4755, 4764, xl; Cd.4835-6, 4888-9, xli; Cd.4850, 4573,
4593, xlii; Cd.4653, 4690, xliii; Cd.4795, 4890, 4632, xliv; Cd.4631, 4944, xlv.
Lord G.F. Hamilton; C.O. O'Conor (d. 30 June 1906); Sir H.A. Robinson; C.
Booth; Sir S.B. Provis; F.H. Bentham; A.H. Downes; T.G. Gardiner; G.
Lansbury; C.S. Loch; J.P. MacDougall; T.H. Nunn; L.R. Phelps; W. Smart; H.R.
Wakefield; Mrs H. Bosanquet; Mrs B. Webb; Miss O. Hill.
Secretary: R.G. Duff (LGB). Asst. Secs: J. Jeffrey (Scottish LGB); J.E. Devlin
(Irish LGB); E.J.E. Craven (Statistical Dept of Customs).
A Warrant of 12 Feb 1906 appointed F. Chandler to the Commission. Rev. D.
Kelly was appointed by Warrant of 30 Oct 1906 to replace the O'Conor Don.
Booth resigned from the Commission early in 1908 because of ill health, but
continued to receive and comment on the evidence.
To inquire into the working of the Poor Laws in the United Kingdom; and into
the various ways adopted for the relief of distress outside the Poor Laws; and to
advise on modification or changes in administration of Poor Laws.
PRO.HO.45/12533/134807 gives some details about the drawing up of the
Warrants, and notes that 'the words "to call for information in writing" were
inserted at the wish of the LGB, who want to circularize Guardians, and are
anxious that there should be no doubt of their powers'.
The Commission issued three majority and three minority reports; the latter
signed by Wakefield, Chandler, Lansbury and Webb. The first majority report
was signed subject to memoranda by Downes; Loch and Mrs Bosanquet; Miss
Hill; and Nunn. The second, on Ireland, was signed subject to reservations or
memoranda by Kelly; Robinson; Nunn; and Miss Hill. Downes signed neither
the majority nor the minority report, giving as his reason his lack of knowledge
of Irish affairs. The third report, on Scotland, was signed by the majority subject
to reservations and memoranda by Hamilton; Downes; and Nunn.
126. Canals and Inland Navigation 1906-11
App. 5 March 1906. Rep. (1) 31 July 1906, Cd.3183, xxxii; (2) 31 July 1907,
Cd.3716, xxxiii, Pt.1; (3) 31 July 1909, Cd.4839, xiii; (4) 4 Dec 1909: 1910,
Cd.4979, xii; (5) 31 March 1911, Cd.5626, xiii, 19. Other papers: 1906,
Cd.3184, xxxii; 1907, Cd.3717-18, xxxiii, Pt.1; Cd.3719, xxxiii, Pt.2; 1909,
Cd.4840-1, xiii; 1910, Cd.5204, 5083, xii; 1911, Cd.5653, xiii. Cost £22,857.
Lord Shuttleworth; Lord Kenyon; Lord Brassey; Lord Farrer; Sir J.E. Dorington;
Sir J.T. Brunner; Sir F.J.S. Hopwood; W.J. Crossley; R. Rea; J.F. Remnant; P.
Snowden; H. Vivian; L.A. Waldron; R.C.H. Davison; J.P. Griffith; A.J.
Herbertson; J.C. Inglis; H.F. Killick; J. Wilson.
Secretary: W.B. Duffield. (Barrister; named in Warr.) Asst. Sec: R.B. Dunwoody,
became Secretary by Warrant of 1 Feb 1910 when Duffield resigned. G. Bray
was then appointed Assistant Secretary.
The Commission appointed W.H. Lindley as Assistant Commissioner on 14 July
1906. A Commission of 8 Aug 1906 appointed M.J. Minch. Lord Kenyon
resigned 23 Jan 1908 upon his election to the Board of the London and
North-Western Railway Company. After the death of Edward VII on 6 May
1910 all Warrants then in force were revoked and the Commission was
reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 in the name of George V.
To inquire into the Canals and Inland Navigations of the United Kingdom and
to report on their present condition and financial position; and future
The fourth report was signed subject to reservations and memoranda by Farrer,
Rea, Wilson, Waldron and Killick. Remnant, Davison and Inglis each published
a separate report. Farrer did not sign the final report and appended a Note stating
that he could not agree to any report that sanctioned further public expenditure
in Ireland unless and until a purely Irish elected assembly agreed to pay for it.
127. Registration of Title in Scotland 1906-10
App. 23 May 1906. Rep. 25 July 1910, Cd.5316, lviii, 67. Evidence: Cd.5357.
Lord Dunedin of Stenton; Sir S. Chisholm; C.F. Brickdale; J.S. Clark; W.J.
Dundas; J.H. Finlay; N.J.D. Kennedy; R.C. Munro-Ferguson.
Secretary: J. Lamb (Advocate; named in Warr.), resigned 31 Aug 1906; replaced
by F.A. Umpherston (Advocate) 1 Sept 1906.
Finlay died and a Warrant of 17 May 1907 appointed J. Prosser in his place.
The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 2 June 1910 on the accession
of George V.
To inquire into the expediency of instituting in Scotland a system of registration
of title. (In full.)
The members issued four separate reports: (1) Dunedin, Dundas and Prosser; (2)
Smith, Clark and Chisholm; (3) Brickdale and Ferguson; (4) Kennedy.
128. Duties of Metropolitan Police 1906-08
App. 26 May 1906. Rep. 19 June 1908, Cd.4156, 1. Evidence: Cd.4260-1, 1-li.
A. Lyttelton; R.D. Isaacs; D.B. Jones (ktd. 1906); C.A. Whitmore; W.H.
Secretary: J. Leslie. Asst. Sec: J.F. Waley who replaced Leslie when he
A Warrant of 6 July 1906 appointed Brynmor Jones as Chairman in place of
Lyttelton who had resigned.
To inquire into and report on the duties of the Metropolitan Police in dealing
with cases of drunkenness, disorder and solicitation in the streets, and to make
recommendations on the way in which such duties were discharged.
This was one of the few Commissions supported by Act of Parliament: the
Metropolitan Police (Commission) Act, 22 June 1906 (6 Edw. VII c.6) gave the
Commission legal powers to compel the attendance of witnesses, and the
production of documents.
129. Trinity College and University of Dublin 1906-07
App. 2 June 1906. Rep. (1) 31 Aug 1906, Cd.3174, 3176, lvi, 601; (2) 12 Jan
1907, Cd.3311-2, xli. Cost £2,320.
Sir E. Fry; C. Palles; Sir T. Raleigh; Sir A.W. Rücker; H. Jackson; S.H. Butcher;
D. Hyde; D.J. Coffey; S.B. Kelleher.
Secretary: J.D. Daly, app. 8 June 1906. (Barrister)
To inquire into and report on the present state of the two institutions, including
their revenues; methods of government, systems of instruction and examination;
provisions for postgraduate study and research; their place within Irish higher
education; and the steps to be taken to increase their usefulness to the country.
All signed the final report but subject to a series of seven notes signed by various
combinations of the Commissioners.
130. Mines 1906-11
App. 6 June 1906. Rep. (1) 30 May 1907, Cd.3548, xiv; (2) pres. 13 Aug 1909,
Cd.4820, xxxiv, 599; (3) pres. 6 March 1911, Cd. 5561, xxxvi, 465. Other
papers: 1907, Cd.3549, xiv; 1908, Cd.3873, 4349, xx; 1909, Cd.4667, 4551,
4821, xxxiv; 1911, Cd.5642, xxxvi. Cost £14,393, this includes the costs of the
later Commission appointed 30 May 1910, as stated in the 1913 return. (P.P.
1913 (159), li, 765)
Lord Monkswell; Sir L. Wood; H.H.S. Cunynghame; W. Abraham; F.L. Davis;
E. Edwards; T.R. Ellis; J.S. Haldane; R. Smillie.
Secretaries: S.W. Harris and G.W. Chrystal. Harris was replaced by T.E. Bettany.
Monkswell died 22 Dec 1909 and was succeeded as Chairman by Cunynghame.
A new Commission of 18 May 1907 enlarged the scope of the inquiry: to
inquire and report what steps could be taken for the better prevention of
accidents in quarries. A further Commission 30 May 1910 (see no. 146)
determined the powers of the Commissioners so far as they related to
Metalliferous Mines and Quarries.
To inquire into certain questions relating to the health and safety of miners, and
the administration of the Mines Acts.
The second report was signed by all members, but with qualifying notes and
memoranda from all but the Chairman. The final report was signed subject to
a memorandum by Abraham.
131. Church in Wales 1906-10
App. 21 June 1906. Rep. 1 Nov 1910, Cd.5432-i, xiv. Other papers: 1910,
Cd.5433-5, xv-xvii; Cd.5436-7, xviii; Cd.5438-9, xix. Cost £12,683.
Sir R.L.B. Vaughan-Williams; Lord H.R.H. Cecil; Sir J. Williams; F. Edwards;
O. Evans; S.T. Evans; A.M. Fairbairn; J.E. Greaves; H. Jones.
Secretary: R.M. Thomas. Asst. Sec: T.H. Davies.
Thomas resigned and was replaced by F.H.M. Corbett in Oct 1909.
A Warrant of 1 May 1907 appointed Sir D.B. Jones, J.H. Davies and J.M.
Gibbon in place of S.T. Evans, Fairbairn and Jones who had resigned. The
Commission was revoked and reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 following
the accession of George V.
To inquire into and report on the origin, nature, amount and application of the
temporalities, endowments and other properties of the Church of England in
Wales and Monmouthshire; and the provision made by Churches of all
denominations in Wales and Monmouthshire for the spiritual welfare of the
people and the extent to which the people availed themselves of such provision.
Five of the seven Commissioners who signed the report attached various
qualifying notes or memoranda. Gibbon and Sir John Williams did not sign and
appended memoranda giving their reasons.
132. Coast Erosion 1906-11
App. 6 July 1906. Rep. (1) 1 Aug 1907, Cd.3683-4, xxxiv; (2) 4 Jan 1909,
Cd.4460-1, xiv, 125; (3) 31 May 1911, Cd.5708-9, xiv. Cost £11,119.
Hon. I.C. Guest (cr. Baron Ashby St. Ledgers in 1910); Sir W.H.B. ffolkes; Sir
L. Lyell; W. Matthews (ktd. 1906); W.P. Beale; G.C. Frederick; H.R. Haggard;
T.J. Jehu; A.L. Lever; R.B. Nicholson; P. O'Brien; T. Summerbell (d. 10 Feb
1910); A.S. Wilson.
Secretary: C.H. Grimshaw. Asst. Sec: D.R. Daniel.
A Warrant of 31 March 1908 appointed E.S. Howard, H.C. Monro, J. Galvin, W.
Somerville, F. Story and J. Ward.
To inquire and report on the encroachment of the sea on various parts of the
coast of the United Kingdom, likely damage and measures for its prevention;
whether further power should be given to Local Authorities and other property
owners for adoption of coastal protection schemes; the need for any alteration in
the law for management of the foreshore; and whether any further facilities
should be given for land reclamation.
The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 after the accession
of George V. A further Warrant of 31 March 1908 extended the original terms
of reference: the Commissioners were to consider whether it would be desirable
to make an experiment in afforestation on reclaimed land as a means of
increasing employment during periods of depression.
Howard, Monro and Story resigned after the second report was produced. This
was signed subject to a reservation by Wilson; and the third report was signed
subject to reservations by Nicholson, Wilson, ffolkes and Jehu.
133. Congestion in Ireland 1906-08
App. 20 July 1906. Rep. (1) 14 Nov 1906, Cd.3266-7, xxxii, 617; (2) 20 Nov
1906: 1907, Cd.3318-9, xxxv; (3) 23 Feb 1907, Cd.3413-4, xxxv, 333; (4) 22 Apr
1907, Cd.3508-9, xxxvi; (5) 25 June 1907, Cd.3629-30, xxxvi, 257; (6) 30 Aug
1907: 1908, Cd.3747-8, xxxix, 697; (7) 30 Sept 1907: 1908, Cd.3784-6, xl; (8)
30 Oct 1907: 1908, Cd.3838-9, xli; (9) 25 Nov 1907: 1908, Cd.3844-5, xli, 483;
(10) 28 Feb 1908, Cd.4006-7, xlii; (11) 14 Apr 1908, Cd.4088-9, xlii, 583; (12)
5 May 1908, Cd.4097, xlii, 729. Other papers: 1908, Cd.4098-99, xliii. Cost
Earl of Dudley; Sir A.P. MacDonnell; Sir J.C.R. Colomb; Sir F. Mowatt; P.
O'Donnell; J.A. Bryce; W.I. Kavanagh; C. O'Kelly; A. Sutherland.
Secretary: W.E.E. Callan. (App. 24 July 1906.)
To inquire into and report on the operations of the Acts dealing with congestion
in Ireland; the working of the Congested Districts Board; legal or administrative
changes needed for the relief of congestion as a whole, and for bettering the
condition of people living in such areas.
The final report was signed subject to reservations or notes from MacDonnell,
Colomb, O'Donnell, Kavanagh and O'Kelly.
134. Lighthouse Administration 1906-08
App. 21 Aug 1906. Rep. 29 Jan 1908, Cd.3923, 3937, xlix, 457. Cost £1,934.
G.W. Balfour; Sir F.F. Adam; I.J.C. Herbert (ktd. 1907); W.H. Henderson; M.A.
Secretary: C.C. Bigham. (Army Captain; named in Warr.)
To inquire into the existing system of management of the Lights, Buoys and
Beacons on the coast of the United Kingdom by the three General Lighthouse
Authorities, and as to the constitution and working of these Authorities, and to
report on any changes which were desirable in the arrangements.
Ennis signed the report subject to a note of reservation.
135. Vivisection 1906-12
App. 17 Sept 1906. Rep. (1) 26 Jan 1907, Cd.3325-6, xli, 645; (2) 15 Apr 1907,
Cd.3461-2, xli, 813; (3) 29 July 1907: 1908, Cd.3756-7, lvii, 279; (4) pres. 4
March 1908, Cd.3954-5, lvii, 555; (5) 28 May 1908, Cd.4146-7, lvii, 875; (6) 29
Feb 1912: 1912-13, Cd.6112-3, xlviii, 367; (7) 1 March 1912: 1912-13, Cd.6114,
xlviii, 401. Cost £4,806.
Viscount Selby; A.M. Lockwood; Sir W.S. Church; Sir W.J. Collins; Sir J.
McFadyean; M.D. Chalmers (ktd. 1906); A.J. Ram; W.H. Gaskell; J. Tomkinson;
Secretary: C.C. Bigham. (Named in Warr.)
Selby died 6 Nov 1909 and Ram was appointed Chairman by a Warrant of 27
Nov 1909. The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 upon
the accession of George V.
To inquire into and report upon the practice of subjecting live animals to
experiments, whether by vivisection or otherwise; and the law and its
administration relating to that practice; and the desirability of any changes.
The fifth report was signed only by Selby, Lockwood, Church, Chalmers and
Ram; and the final report was signed subject to reservations by Lockwood,
Collins and Wilson.
136. Shipping Rings 1906-09
App. 29 Nov 1906. Rep. 18 May 1909, Cd. 4668, xlvii. Other papers: 1909,
Cd.4669-70, xlvii; Cd.4685-6, xlviii. Cost £5,895.
A. Cohen; Earl of Jersey; Lord Inverclyde; Hon. C.N. Lawrence; Sir H. Bell; Sir
W.T. Lewis; Sir F.J.S. Hopwood; Sir D.M. Barbour (repr. India); Sir A.E.
Bateman; Sir J. Macdonell; R.H.M. Collins (repr. Australia); H. Birchenough
(repr. South African Colonies); Hon. W.P. Reeves (repr. New Zealand); J. Barry;
E.C.K. Gonner; F. Maddison; W.H. Mitchell; O.C. Philipps; O. Sanderson; A.
Taylor; J. Torrance.
Secretary: J.A. Webster. (Board of Trade; named in Warr.)
Torrance resigned and a Warrant of 25 Jan 1907 appointed I.H. Mathers (repr.
Canada) in his place. A further Warrant of 22 June 1907 revoked the previous
Commission, reappointing all the previous members apart from the Earl of Jersey
and Hopwood, and extending the terms of reference to authorise the
Commissioners to make visits outside the United Kingdom for the purposes of
their inquiries. This case was subsequently quoted as a precedent when the
Warrants for the RC on Museums and Galleries (no. 193) were being drawn up
in order to ensure that the relevant clause about visits abroad was written into the
To inquire into the operation of Shipping 'Rings' or Conferences generally, and
more especially into the system of deferred rebates, and to report whether such
operations have caused, or are likely to cause injury to British or Colonial trade,
and, if so, what remedial action, if any, should be taken by legislation or
otherwise. (In full.)
The Commission produced a majority report signed by Cohen, Inverclyde,
Lawrence, Bell, Lewis, Bateman, Gonner, Maddison, Mitchell, Philipps and
Sanderson, subject to reservations from Inverclyde and Maddison. The minority
report was signed by Barbour, Macdonell, Collins, Birchenough and Barry; with
Barbour adding a reservation. Pember Reeves and Taylor signed neither report
as they had been unable to attend meetings because of work and illness
137. Indian Decentralisation 1907-09
App. 7 Sept 1907. Rep. 25 Feb 1909 (fn. 1) 1908, Cd.4360, xliv. Other papers:
Cd.4361-9, xliv-xlvi. Costs: in England £17,077: in India £16,968; all costs were
charged to Indian Revenues.
Sir H.W. Primrose; Sir F.S.P. Lely; Sir S.W. Edgerley; R.C. Dutt; W.S. Meyer;
Secretary: H. Wheeler. (Indian Civil Service)
Primrose resigned and a Commission of 21 Oct 1907 appointed C.E.H. Hobhouse
To enquire into the current relations, for financial and administrative purposes
between the supreme Government and the various Provincial Governments and
other authorities in India, and to report whether those relations might be
improved by decentralization.
The Chairman, Lely, Edgerley and Hichens wrote supplementary notes to the
report. Dutt added footnotes at various points in the report indicating his
disagreement with particular sections.
138. Whiskey and other Potable Spirits 1908-09
App. 17 Feb 1908. Rep. (1) 24 June 1908, Cd.4180-1, lviii, 415; (2) 28 July
1909, Cd.4796, xlix, 451. Other papers: 1909, Cd.4797, Cd.4876, xlix. Cost
Lord James of Hereford; L.N. Guillemard; W.E. Adeney; J.R. Bradford; H.T.
Brown; G.S. Buchanan; J.Y. Buchanan; A.R. Cushny.
Secretary: A.V. Symonds. (LGB; named in Warr.)
To inquire and report whether in the interests of consumers and general public
health there should be restrictions on the manufacture or preparation of whiskey
and other potable spirits in the United Kingdom; whether any such requirements
should be extended to imported spirits; and how a uniform practice could be
achieved were such protective restrictions to be imposed.
139. Land Transfer Acts 1908-11
App. 28 July 1908. Rep. (1) 8 Feb 1909, Cd.4509-10, xxvii, 729; (2) 19 Jan
1911, Cd.5483, Cd.5494, xxx. Cost £2,801.
Viscount St. Aldwyn; Earl Beauchamp; Lord Faber; Sir C.M. Warmington (d. 12
Dec 1908); Sir S.T. Evans; S.O. Buckmaster; D. Stewart-Smith; G. Cave; P.S.
Gregory; R. Pennington (d. 13 July 1910); D.J. Shackleton; E. Wood.
Secretary: J.F. Waley. (Barrister; named in Warr.)
The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 on the accession
of George V.
To consider and report upon the working of the Land Transfer Acts, and whether
any amendments are desirable. (In full.)
140. Electoral Systems 1908-10
App. 31 Dec 1908. Rep. pres. 10 May 1910, Cd.5163, 5352, xxvi, 295. Cost
Lord R.F. Cavendish; Lord Lochee; Hon. E.S. Montagu; Sir F.J.S. Hopwood; Sir
C.P. Ilbert; Sir C.N.E. Eliot; Hon. W.P. Reeves; J.W. Hills.
Secretary: C.D. Robertson (Treasury; named in Warr.), d. 26 March 1910 before
the report was completed.
To examine the various schemes which have been adopted or proposed, in order
to secure a fully representative character for popularly elected legislative bodies:
and to consider whether, and how far, they, or any of them, are capable of
application in this country in regard to the existing electorate. (In full.)
Lochee signed subject to a reservation.
141. University Education in London 1909-13
App. 24 Feb 1909. Rep. (1) 21 Apr 1910, Cd.5165-6, xxiii, 639; (2) 2 Feb 1911,
Cd.5527-8, xx; (3) 4 Oct 1911, Cd.5910-11, xx, 453; (4) 15 Dec 1911: 1912-13,
Cd.6015, xxii, 581; (5) 26 June 1912: 1912-13, Cd.6311-2, xxii, 587; (6) 27
March 1913, Cd.6717-8, xl, 297. Cost £4,679 up to 31 March 1912.
R.B. Haldane; Viscount Milner; Sir R. Romer; Sir R.L. Morant; L. Currie; W.S.
M'Cormick; E.B. Sargant; Mrs L. Creighton.
Joint Secretaries: J. Kemp and H.F. Heath. (Named in Warr.)
To inquire into the organization of the University of London and other facilities
for advanced education in London for persons of either sex above secondary
school age; to consider the provision for University teaching and research; and
to make recommendations as to the relation between the University of London,
its associated colleges and schools and the various public bodies and institutions
concerned, and any desirable changes.
Reappointed 26 May 1910 after the accession of Geoge V.
142. Mauritius 1909-10
App. 14 May 1909. Rep. 28 Apr 1910, Cd.5185-7, xlii. Cost £2,937. (RSM&S)
Sir F.A. Swettenham; Sir E.L. O'Malley; H.B.D. Woodcock.
Secretary: A.J. Harding. (Named in Warr.)
To investigate and report upon the condition and resources of the Colony of
Mauritius, particularly with a view to the introduction of such economies in the
establishments and expenditure as might be possible without detriment to the
The chairman added a note to the report and O'Malley signed subject to his
appended note of dissent.
143. Trade Relations 1909-10
App. 9 Aug 1909. Rep. 19 Aug 1910, Cd.5369, xi, 159. Other papers: Cd.4991,
5370-1 in same vol. Cost £3,773. (RSM&S)
Lord Balfour of Burleigh; Hon. W.S. Fielding; Hon. W. Paterson; Sir J.P.
Dickson-Poynder; Sir D. Morris.
Secretary: H.R. Cowell. (Named in Warr.)
R.H. McCarthy was appointed by the Secretary of State to be an expert adviser
to the Commission.
Re-appointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 after the accession of George V.
To report on the commercial relations between Canada and the West Indian
Colonies and steps to be taken to secure, encourage and develop mutual trading
Poynder was created Baron Islington in 1910 when he became Governor of New
Zealand, and left to take up this post before the report was signed, authorising
the chairman to sign for him, and attaching a memorandum giving his views on
the main subjects of the inquiry.
144. Selection of Justices of the Peace 1909-10
App. 5 Nov 1909. Rep. 6 July 1910, Cd.5250, 5358, xxxvii, 647. Cost £1,148.
Lord James of Hereford; Earl of Jersey; Earl of Chichester; Lord Robert Cecil;
Lord Hamilton of Dalzell; Sir W.H. Dyke; H. Hobhouse; Sir F. Mowatt; Sir A.O.
Williams; Sir E. Troup; F.W. Verney; J.A. Simon; W.R.D. Adkins; T.G. Ashton;
W.C. Bridgeman; A. Henderson.
Secretary: A.V. Symonds. (LGB; named in Warr.)
Reappointed 26 May 1910 following the accession of George V.
To consider and report whether any and what steps should be taken to facilitate
the selection of the most suitable persons to be Justices of the Peace, irrespective
of creed and political opinion. (In full.)
Verney, Adkins and Ashton signed subject to memoranda attached. Jersey did
not sign as he had been prevented from attending meetings by illness, but
attached a letter expressing agreement with the report.
145. Divorce and Matrimonial Causes 1909-12
App. 8 Nov 1909. Rep. 2 Nov 1912: 1912-13, Cd.6478-9, xviii, 143. Other
papers: Cd.6480, xix; Cd.6481-2, xx. Cost £4,443 up to 31 March 1912.
Lord Gorell; Archbishop of York; Earl of Derby; Lady F. Balfour; T. Burt; Hon.
Lord Guthrie; Sir W.R. Anson; Sir L.T. Dibdin; Sir G. White (d. 11 May 1912);
H.T. Atkinson; Mrs M.E. Tennant; R.D. Isaacs (ktd. 1911); E. Brierley; J.A.
Secretary: H.G. Barnes. Asst. Sec: J.E.G. de Montmorency.
The Commission was reappointed by Warrant of 26 May 1910 following the
accession of George V; a further Warrant of 21 June 1910 appointed Sir F.
Treves in place of Isaacs who had resigned. The Earl of Derby resigned in March
1911 and was not replaced.
To inquire into the present state of the law and administration thereof in divorce
and matrimonial causes and applications for separation orders, especially with
regard to the position of the poorer classes; and to report whether any and what
amendments should be made.
The main report was signed subject to reservations by Tindal-Atkinson, Mrs
Tennant and Spender. A minority report was signed by the Archbishop of York,
Anson and Dibdin.