Alphabetical lists of officials
K-Z

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1973

Supporting documents

Pages

85-119

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'Alphabetical lists of officials: K-Z', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 2: Officials of the Secretaries of State 1660-1782 (1973), pp. 85-119. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16623 Date accessed: 23 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Keill, John Decipherer Jan. 1713-June 1716.
-, App. Jan. 1713 (CTB, xxvii, 88). Left office June 1716 (ibid. xxx, 252).

Kennedy, Cornelius Under Secretary (Montrose) Sept. 1714-Aug. 1715.
-, App. Under Secretary by Montrose probably Sept. 1714; occ. from 9 Oct. 1714 to 1716 (sic) (SP 55/4 pp. 1, 40; Miège, Present State (1716), pt. i, 391).

Kineir, Andrew Clerk (Bolingbroke) April 1713-Aug. 1714; (Roxburghe) c. 1717.
-, App. by Bolingbroke notified 16 April 1713 (SP 44/114); in service of Roxburghe probably as Clerk; occ. 10 April 1717 (SP 55/7 p. 10).

King, William Writer of Gazette Dec. 1711-c. July 1712.
-, App. Dec. 1711 (J. Swift, Prose Works, ed. F. Ryland and others (London 1898-1922), ii, 309, 374). Left office by July 1712 (app. of Ford).

Kirby, William Office Keeper (Rochford) c. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-Nov. 1779; (Hillsborough) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Office Keeper to Rochford from 1770 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1770), 115; ibid. (1771), 115); probably remained in Northern Department Dec. 1770 on Rochford's transfer to the Southern and continued in office under Sandwich and Halifax; received fees as Office Keeper to Suffolk from Jan. 1772 to Nov. 1775 (SP 45/33), to Weymouth from Nov. 1775 to Nov. 1779 (SP 45/33-4), to Hills- borough from Nov. 1779 to March 1782 (SP 45/34-5). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 24).

Kluft, Jacob Daniel Clerk (Holdernesse) Jan. 1752-c. 1754; Dec. 1759-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-c. 1762.
-, Private Secretary (Bute) April 1761.
-, App. as Clerk by Holdernesse notified 8 Jan. 1752 (SP 44/148); last occ. 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106); reapp. by Holdernesse notified 20 Dec. 1759 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106). App. Private Secretary by Bute April 1761 (Notes and Queries, cc (1955), 247).

Knatchbull, Edward Clerk (Nottingham) c. 1689.
-, Occ. July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 14).

Knox, William Under Secretary (Hillsborough) June 1770-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Pd. from 25 June 1770 (SP 45/32). Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Department (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Lackington, Charles Office Keeper (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Received fees as Office Keeper to Ellis from 12 Feb. to 27 March 1782 (SP 45/32).
-, Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Department (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Lacombe de Vrigny see de Lacombe de Vrigny

Lampe, John Decipherer Jan. 1729-c. 12 Dec. 1755.
-, App. Jan. 1729 (CTBP 1729-30, 5, 183). D. by 12 Dec. 1755 (T 53/45 p. 461).

Langlois, Benjamin Under Secretary (Stormont) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, App. by Stormont notified 9 Nov. 1779 (FO 366/669 p. 16).

Larpent, John Clerk (Harrington) c. 1731-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-May 1746. Chief Clerk (Newcastle) May 1746-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761- May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-c. Oct. 1772.
-, First occ. as Clerk to Harrington 10 June 1731 (T 52/37 p. 319); app. as such notified 8 Dec. 1732 (SP 44/122 p. 454); occ. as Clerk to Harrington to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/41 p. 350), to Carteret from 17 Sept. 1742 to 15 Nov. 1743 (T 52/42 pp. 82, 324), to Harrington from 3 May to 31 Aug. 1745 (T 52/43 p. 213). App. Chief Clerk by Newcastle May 1746 (Gent. Mag. (1746), xvi, 273); occ. as Chief Clerk to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1761 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (Court and City Reg. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Chief Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762, 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 202, 302-3, 407), to Seymour Conway 15 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 67), to Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (ibid. 293), to Sandwich 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103), to Halifax 22 Jan., 20 March 1771 (ibid. 193, 225), to Suffolk 12 June 1771 (ibid. 265). Left office by 2 Oct. 1772 (ibid. 556).

Larpent, John Clerk (Holdernesse) March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Sept. 1762. Senior Clerk (Hillsborough) Feb. 1768-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.- March 1782.
-, App. as Clerk by Holdernesse notified 14 March 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 26); occ. as Clerk to Bute 1762 (Court and City Reg. (1762), 106); presence in office as Clerk to Grenville notified 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189). Res. Sept. 1762 on app. as Secretary to Bedford, Ambassador to France (Notes and Queries, ccv (1960), 344-5). App. 'Secretary' (Senior Clerk) by Hillsborough Feb. 1768 (Gent. Mag. (1768), xxxviii, 95); occ. as Senior Clerk to Hillsborough to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain from 1776 to 1782 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1782), 110); continued in office by Ellis. Left office March 1782 on a bolition of Colonial Department (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Lawrey, Adam Clerk (Townshend) March 1725-c. 1727.
-, App. by Townshend notified 27 March 1725 (SP 44/122 p. 276); last occ. 1727 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1727), pt. ii, 29).

Leautier, Daniel Clerk (Shelburne) Sept. 1767-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768- c. 1770.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 25 Sept. 1767 (CHOP 1766-9, 187); presence in office notified as Clerk to Shelburne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435); last occ. 1770 (Royal Kal. (1770), 115).

Lee, William Secretary for Latin Tongue 16 July 1718-11 Nov. 1730.
-, App. 16 July 1718 (C 66/3526, 3574). Surrendered office 11 Nov. 1730 (surrender recited in grant to Couraud).

Leigh, Robert Clerk (Arlington) c. 1666-8.
-, Clerk in Arlington's office attached to Williamson; occ. from 18 Dec. 1666 to 25 Aug. 1668 (CSPD 1666-7, 356; CSPD 1667-8, 552).

Le Pin, Jeremiah Clerk (Coventry) c. 1675-7; (Shrewsbury) Feb. 1689-June 1690; (Sydney) Dec. 1690-March 1692.
-, App. c. 1675 (CSPD 1693, 255); occ. as Clerk to Coventry 25 Jan. 1677 (BM Add. MS 25118 ff. 155-6); occ. as Clerk in one of the offices Dec. 1685 (Hist. MSS Comm. Downshire, i, 73; CTB, viii, 462); occ. as Clerk to Shrewsbury July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13); app. by Sydney Dec. 1690 (CSPD 1690-1, 195); not retained in office by Trenchard March 1693 (CSPD 1693, 255).

Leveson Gower, Hon. Richard Under Secretary (Bedford) June 1749-June 1751.
-, App. by Bedford notified 29 June 1749 (SP 44/129 p. 529).

Lewis, Erasmus (?) Chief Clerk (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702. Under Secretary (Harley) May 1704-Feb. 1708; (Dartmouth) June 1710-Aug. 1713; (Bromley) Aug. 1713-Sept. 1714.
-, Probably app. Chief Clerk by Manchester Jan. 1702; heads list of his Clerks 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98). App. Under Secretary by Harley May 1704 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, v, 428), by Dartmouth June 1710 (ibid. vi, 595), by Bromley Aug. 1713 (Post Boy no. 2852).

Lister, John Clerk (Newcastle) July 1736-c. 1737.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 12 July 1736 (SP 44/148); last occ. 29 Oct. 1737 (T 52/40 p. 7).

Littlefield, George Office Keeper of Signet Office c. 1689-1700.
-, Occ. from July 1689 to 1700 (LS 13/231 p. 14; Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 456).

Lloyd, Charles Assistant Under Secretary (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-c. 1763.
-, App. by Grenville June 1762 (Notes and Queries, cciv (1959), 284); app. notified 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189); app. by Halifax notified 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202); last occ. Sept. 1763 (ibid. 309). Left office by 30 April 1764 (ibid. 407).

Logie, Alexander Interpreter of Oriental Languages Dec. 1767-1770.
-, App. notified 16 Dec. 1767 (CHOP 1766-9, 274). Salary discontinued 28 Feb. 1770 by warrant 12 March 1770 (T 52/60 p. 355).

Longmore, Henry Deputy Office Keeper (Sandwich) c. 1764-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-10 April 1773.
-, Deputy to Sommer; occ. as Deputy Office Keeper to Sandwich from 1764 to 1765 (Court and City Reg. (1764), 106; ibid. (1765), 110), to Grafton 1766 (ibid. (1766), 107), to Shelburne from 1766 to 1768 (Shelburne MS 134 p. 119; Royal Kal. (1768), 117), to Rochford from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably remained in Northern Department Dec. 1770 on Rochford's transfer to Southern and continued in office under Sandwich and Halifax; occ. as Deputy Office Keeper to Suffolk from 1772 to 1773 (ibid. (1772), 115; ibid. (1773), 115). D. 10 April 1773 (Lond. Mag. (1773), xlii, 205).

Lovell, William Willes Decipherer (?)-1 Oct. 1844.
-, 'Mr. Lovell'; probably identical with William Willes Lovell (Ellis, Post Office, 131). Occ. 31 Aug. 1844 (BM Add. MS 45520 ff. 53-4). Office abolished 1 Oct. 1844 (ibid.).

Lowndes, William Clerk (Boyle) c. 1708-10.
-, Presence in office first notified 23 Feb. 1708 (SP 44/107 p. 4); last occ. 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 516).

Lucas, Simon Interpreter of Oriental Languages May 1784-Dec. 1792.
-, App. notified 12 May 1784 (HO 36/4 p. 64); pd. to 24 Dec. 1792 (HO 82/3).

Macleane, Lauchlan Assistant Under Secretary (Shelburne) Oct. 1766-c. July 1768.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 8 Oct. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 84). Left office by 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434).

Man, Nicholas Clerk (Harley) c. 1706-7.
-, Pd. from 16 Feb. 1706 to 3 Sept. 1707 (BM Loan 29/162); last occ. 1707 (Cham- berlayne, Present State (1707), 513-14). Left office by Feb. 1708 (Lords Journals, xviii, 518).

Manby, James Clerk (Stormont) Aug. 1780-March 1782.
-, App. by Stormont notified 15 Aug. 1780 (FO 366/669 p. 31). Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 31).

Manchester, Charles (Montagu) 4th Earl of Secretary of State (South) 3 Jan.-2 May 1702.
-, App. 3 Jan. 1702 (BM Add. MS 40803 f. 2). Left office 2 May 1702 (CTB, xviii, 228).

Mar, John (Erskine) 22nd Earl of Secretary of State (Scotland) 9 Sept. 1713-c. 24 Sept. 1714.
-, App. 9 Sept. 1713 (CTB, xxviii, 78). Left office by 24 Sept. 1714 (app. of Montrose).

Marlow, - Office Keeper (Sunderland) c. 1708-June 1710; (Dartmouth) June 1710- Aug. 1713; (Bromley) Aug. 1713-Sept. 1714; (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-c. 1716.
-, Occ. as Office Keeper to Sunderland from 1708 to 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1708), 585; ibid. (1710), 515-16; SP 34/12 f. 165), to Dartmouth 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377); probably continued in office by Bromley; last occ. as Office Keeper to Stanhope 1716 (Miège, Present State (1716), pt. i, 391).

Marshall, Henry Clerk (St. John/Bolingbroke) Nov. 1710-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714-c. May 1716.
-, Probably app. by St. John; presence in office notified as Clerk to St. John 23 Nov. 1710 (SP 44/109), to Townshend 30 Sept. 1714 (SP 44/116). Left office by 5 May 1716 (app. of Gedney).

Marwood, William Deputy Clerk of Signet 1725-39.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Alexander from April 1725 to Nov. 1729 (SO 5/1-2), to Fry from April 1725 to Dec. 1739 (ibid.), to Weston from Nov. 1729 to Dec. 1739 (SO 5/2).

Maskelyne, Edmund Clerk (Townshend) Nov.-Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716- April 1717; (Addison) April 1717-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724-March 1744.
-, Deputy Clerk of Signet 1735-March 1744.
-, App. as Clerk by Townshend notified 29 Nov. 1716 (SP 44/147); probably continued in office by Methuen; occ. as Clerk to Addison 1718 (Miège, Present State (1718), 362); presence in office as Clerk to Craggs notified 29 March 1718, 18 Dec. 1719 (SP 44/147); pd. as Clerk to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367), to Newcastle from 4 April 1724 to 24 June 1733 (MSS Rawlinson C 367, 123); last occ. as Clerk to Newcastle 1743 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1743), pt. ii, 32). App. Deputy Clerk of Signet to Delafaye 30 June 1735 (Ind. 6762); last occ. Jan. 1744 (SO 5/2). D. March 1744 (Burke, Landed Gentry (1952), 892).

Maskelyne, Nevil Clerk (Bolingbroke) May 1713-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714-c. Nov. 1716.
-, App. by Bolingbroke notified 18 May 1713 (SP 44/114); presence in office as Clerk to Townshend notified 30 Sept. 1714 (SP 44/116). Left office by 29 Nov. 1716 (app. of E. Maskelyne).

Massabeky, John Interpreter of Oriental Languages May 1734-c. July 1739.
-, App. notified 17 May 1734 (SP 44/128 p. 285). Left office by 9 July 1739 (SP 44/131 p. 138).

Massey, John Office Keeper (Tweeddale) Feb. 1742-Jan. 1746.
-, App. by Tweeddale probably Feb. 1742; first occ. 1743 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1743), pt. ii, 32). Left office Jan. 1746 on abolition of Scottish Department (Tweeddale MS Acc. 4862 Box 160/1 Bundle 4).

Matthews, Elizabeth Necessary Woman (Sandwich) c. 1765; (Grafton) July 1765- May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Oct. 1768; (Roch- ford) Oct. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-c. 1777.
-, Occ. as Necessary Woman to Sandwich 1765 (Court and City Reg. (1765), 110), to Grafton 1766 (ibid. (1766), 107); probably continued in office by Richmond; occ. as Necessary Woman to Shelburne from 1767 to 1768 (Royal Kal. (1767), 113; ibid. (1768), 117), to Rochford from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (ibid. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably remained in Northern Department Dec. 1770 on Rochford's transfer to Southern and continued in office under Sandwich and Halifax; occ. as Necessary Woman to Suffolk from 1772 to 1775 (ibid. (1772), 115; ibid. (1775), 107), to Weymouth from 1776 to 1777 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1777), 109).

Mauries, Francis Clerk (Dartmouth) c. 1711.
-, 'Mr. Mauries'; probably identical with Francis Mauries (Dartmouth MS D 1778 I, ii no. 575a; Letters of Denization and Acts of Naturalization for Aliens in England and Ireland 1701-1800, ed. W. A. Shaw (Huguenot Soc. Publications, xxvii, 1923), 55). Occ. 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377).

Methuen, Paul Secretary of State (acting South) 21 June-Dec. 1716; (South) Dec. 1716-12 April 1717.
-, App. 21 June 1716 (CTB, xxx, 346). Left office 12 April 1717 (ibid. xxxi, 287).

Micklethwaite, Joseph Chief Clerk (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-April 1717.
-, App. by Stanhope probably Sept. 1714; heads list of his Clerks 1716 (Chamber- layne, Present State (1716), 528); kept accounts of his fees as Secretary of State (Stanhope MS 83 (12), Micklethwaite to Stanhope, 17 July to 6 Nov. 1716). Left office April 1717 on app. as Secretary to Stanhope as Chancellor of Exchequer (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1717), ii, 19).

Middleton, Charles (Middleton) 2nd Earl of Secretary of State (North) 24 Aug. 1684-Oct. 1688; (South) Oct.-Dec. 1688.
-, App. 24 Aug. 1684 (PC 2/70 p. 220). Left office Dec. 1688 (flight of James II).

Milburn, William Office Keeper (Holdernesse) April 1759-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Rochford) Dec. 1770-Nov. 1775; (Suffolk) Nov. 1775-March 1779; (Stormont) Oct. 1779-c. Feb. 1782.
-, App. by Holdernesse April 1759 (Gent. Mag. (1759), xxix, 195); occ. as Office Keeper to Holdernesse to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106); probably continued in office by Grenville; occ. as Office Keeper to Halifax from 1763 to 1765 (ibid. (1763), 106; ibid. (1765), 110), to Seymour Conway from 1766 to 1768 (ibid. (1766), 107; Royal Kal. (1768), 118; Shelburne MS 134 p. 119), to Weymouth from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably became Office Keeper to Rochford on his transfer to Southern Department Dec. 1770 and to Suffolk on Weymouth's app. as Secretary of State Nov. 1775; occ. as Office Keeper to Rochford from 1772 to 1775 (ibid. (1772), 115; ibid. (1775), 107), to Suffolk from 1776 to 1779 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1779), 109), to Stormont from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). D. by 1 Feb. 1782 (Prob 11/1087 f. 91).

Milnes, John Clerk (Craggs) Dec. 1719-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724-Aug. 1725.
-, App. by Craggs notified 18 Dec. 1719 (SP 44/147); pd. as Clerk to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367), to Newcastle from 4 April 1724 to 3 Aug. 1725 (ibid.).

Mitchell, Andrew Under Secretary (Tweeddale) Feb. 1742-Jan. 1746.
-, App. by Tweeddale notified 18 Feb. 1742 (SP 55/13 p. 1).

Mitton, William Deputy Office Keeper (Hillsborough) c. 1769-Aug. 1772; (Dart- mouth) Aug. 1772-c. 1773.
-, Deputy to J. P. Muly; occ. as Deputy Office Keeper to Hillsborough from 1769 to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1769), 118; ibid. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth 1773 (ibid. (1773), 116).

Money, J. Clerk (Bedford) c. 1749.
-, Occ. 1749 (Court and City Reg. (1749), 107).

Money, William Clerk (Stormont) Aug. 1780-March 1782.
-, App. by Stormont notified 15 Aug. 1780 (FO 366/669 p. 31). Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 30).

Montgomery, John Under Secretary (Queensberry) Feb. 1709-July 1711.
-, App. by Queensberry probably Feb. 1709; occ. 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 515).

Montrose, James (Graham) 1st Duke of Secretary of State (Scotland) 24 Sept. 1714-5 Aug. 1715.
-, App. 24 Sept. 1714 (CTB, xxix, 335). Left office 5 Aug. 1715 (ibid. 860).

Moore, Francis Deputy Writer of Gazette c. 1791-31 Dec. 1796.
-, Occ. from 1791 to 1797 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1791), 104; ibid. (1797), 104). Res. 31 Dec. 1796 (16th Rept. on Finance, 319).

Moore, Henry Clerk (Newcastle) March 1725-Jan. 1731.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 6 March 1725 (SP 44/148); pd. from 25 Dec. 1724 to 8 Jan. 1731 (MSS Rawlinson C 367, 123).

Morainville, - French Translator of Gazette 1666-c. 7 Nov. 1678.
-, App. 1666 (A. Grey, Debates of the House of Commons 1667-94 (London 1769), vi, 157); last occ. 7 Nov. 1678 (ibid.).

Morgann, Maurice Assistant Under Secretary (Shelburne) Oct. 1766-c. July 1768.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 8 Oct. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 84). Left office by 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434).

Morin (from 10 Nov. 1787 Tirel Morin), John Clerk (Seymour Conway) Oct. 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-c. April 1776. Senior Clerk (Weymouth) c. April 1776-Nov. 1779; (Hillsborough) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, Clerk of Signet 16 April 1781-19 March 1807.
-, App. as Clerk by Seymour Conway notified 11 Oct. 1765 (CHOP 1760-5, 607); presence in office notified as Clerk to Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54), to Shelburne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435), to Weymouth 30 Nov. 1775 (CHOP 1773-5, 556). Probably app. Senior Clerk c. April 1776 in succession to J. Haynes; occ. as Senior Clerk to Weymouth from 1777 to 1779 (Royal Kal. (1777), 109; ibid. (1779), 109), to Hillsborough from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (ibid. (1783), 110). Grant of clerkship of signet in reversion 13 Nov. 1767 (C 66/3715); succ. 16 April 1781 (d. of Copley). D. 19 March 1807 (Gent. Mag. (1807), lxxvii (1), 384).

Morin, Peter Michael Clerk (Newcastle) March 1741-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-c. April 1759. Assistant Under Secretary (Holdernesse) c. April 1759- March 1761. Clerk (Bute) March 1761-May 1762. Assistant Under Secretary (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-c. July 1768.
-, App. as Clerk by Newcastle notified 12 March 1741 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1760 (sic) (ibid. (1755), 106; ibid. (1760), 106). App. Assistant Under Secretary by Holdernesse jointly with Fraser probably c. April 1759 (Grenville Papers, ed. W. J. Smith (London 1852-3), i, 290-1); occ. as such 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1761), 106). Clerk to Bute from 1761 to 1762 (Court and City Kal. (1762), 111; Notes and Queries, cc (1955), 162, 445; ibid. cciv (1959), 95, 284). App. as Assistant Under Secretary notified by Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), by Halifax 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202), by Seymour Conway 23 July 1765 (ibid. 580), by Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54), by Shelburne 1 Aug. 1766 (ibid. 65). Left office by 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434).

Morley, Robert Clerk (Shrewsbury) c. 1689.
-, Occ. July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13).

Morrice, Nicholas Clerk of Signet 1678-20 Jan. 1708.
-, Grant in reversion 1 Feb. 1661 (C 66/2963); succ. 1678 (d. of Trumbull, sen.); admitted 29 March 1678 (CSPD 1678, 382-3). Surrendered office 20 Jan. 1708 (surrender recited in grant to Moyle).

Morrice, Sir William, kt. Secretary of State (North) 27 May 1660-c. 29 Sept. 1668.
-, App. 27 May 1660 (PC 2/54, pt. ii, 2). Left office by 29 Sept. 1668 (PC 2/61 p. 44).

Morrison, Robert Clerk (Holdernesse) c. 1757-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761- May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July-c. Oct. 1765.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse from 1757 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1757), 106; ibid. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762, 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 202, 302-3, 407); Clerk to Seymour Conway, left office by 11 Oct. 1765 (ibid. 607).

Mountsteven, John Under Secretary (Sunderland) Feb. 1679-Feb. 1681; Jan. 1683-Oct. 1688.
-, App. by Sunderland probably Feb. 1679; occ. from June or July 1679 to 12 Oct. 1680 (CTB, vi, 116; BM Add. MSS 28875 f. 135; 37990 f. 66); reapp. by Sunder- land probably Jan. 1683; occ. from 28 June 1683 to 5 May 1688 (Hist. MSS Comm. 7th Rept., 364; BM Add. MS 28876 f. 109; Chamberlayne, Present State (1684), pt. ii, 7-8).

Moyle, Joseph Clerk of Signet 25 Aug. 1708-22 April 1736.
-, App. 25 Aug. 1708 (C 66/3465). Surrendered office 22 April 1736 (surrender recited in grant to Moyle, jun.).

Moyle (from March 1767 Copley), Joseph (cr. Bart. 28 Aug. 1778) Deputy Clerk of Signet 1735-6. Clerk of Signet 7 May 1736-16 April 1781.
-, Occ. as Deputy Clerk of Signet to Moyle, sen. from March 1735 to March 1736 (SO 5/2). App. Clerk of Signet 7 May 1736 (C 66/3595). D. 16 April 1781 (SO 5/4).

Muddiman, Henry Writer of Gazette Nov. 1665-Feb. 1666.
-, Wrote Gazette from Nov. 1665 to Feb. 1666 (J. G. Muddiman, The King's Journalist (London 1923), 187-8).

Muly, Elizabeth Necessary Woman (Hillsborough) c. 1769-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Necessary Woman to Hillsborough from 1769 to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1769), 118; ibid. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain from 1776 to 1782 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1782), 110); continued in office by Ellis. Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Depart- ment (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Muly, John Philip Office Keeper (Hillsborough) c. 1769-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782.
-, Occ. as Office Keeper to Hillsborough from 1769 to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1769), 118; ibid. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain from 1776 to 1782 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1782), 110). Left office by 12 Feb. 1782 (app. of Lackington).

Mynatt, William Office Keeper (Harley) c. 1706-Feb. 1708; (Boyle) Feb. 1708- Sept. 1710; (St. John/Bolingbroke) Sept. 1710-c. 1711.
-, Pd. as Office Keeper to Harley from 16 Nov. 1706 to 3 Sept. 1707 (BM Loan 29/162); occ. as Office Keeper to Harley 1707 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1707), 513-14), to Boyle from 1708 to 1710 (ibid. (1708), 586; ibid. (1710), 516), to St. John 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377).

Negri, Solomon Interpreter of Oriental Languages May 1723-c. May 1727.
-, App. notified 28 May 1723 (SP 44/123 p. 275). D. by 30 May 1727 (SP 44/125 p. 107).

Neubourg, George William Decipherer June 1753-1762.
-, Pd. from 24 June 1753 (T 53/45 p. 45). Left office 1762 (PRO 30/8/232, Bode Memorial May 1786).

Neubourg, Philip Ferdinand Decipherer June 1750-June 1753.
-, Pd. from 24 June 1750 to 24 June 1753 (T 53/43 p. 491; T 53/45 p. 45).

Newcastle, Thomas (Pelham Holles) 1st Duke of Secretary of State (South) 4 April 1724-Feb. 1748; (North) Feb. 1748-23 March 1754.
-, App. 4 April 1724 (T 53/31 p. 191). Left office 23 March 1754 (T 53/45 p. 87).

Newcomen, (?) Theophilus Clerk (Sunderland) c. 1710.
-, 'Mr. Newcomen'; possibly identical with Theophilus Newcomen app. Clerk of Ingrossments, Alienation Office 3 May 1710 (CTB, xxiv, 270). Occ. as Clerk to Sunderland 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 515-16; SP 34/12 f. 165).

Nicholas, Sir Edward, kt. Secretary of State (South) May 1660-c. 15 Oct. 1662.
-, Took oath 27 Feb. 1659 (PC 2/54, pt. ii, 42); assumed functions at Restoration May 1660. Left office by 15 Oct. 1662 (PC 2/56 p. 174).

Nicholas, John (ktd. 23 April 1661) Clerk of Signet 1655-9 Jan. 1705.
-, Admitted 1655 (CSPD Addenda 1660-85, 471); retained office 1660 (CSPD 1660-1, 304). D. 9 Jan. 1705 (MI West Horsley, Surrey).

Noble, Joseph Office Keeper (Carteret) c. 1723-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724- March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-7 April 1759.
-, Pd. as Office Keeper to Carteret from 25 March 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367), to Newcastle from 4 April 1724 to 24 June 1733 (MSS Rawlinson C 367, 123); occ. as Office Keeper to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1759 (ibid. (1755), 106; ibid. (1759), 106). D. 7 April 1759 (Gent. Mag. (1759), xxix, 194).

Noble, Thomas Clerk (Newcastle) Sept. 1751-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-March 1761; (Bute) March-May 1761.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 20 Sept. 1751 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to New- castle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1761 (ibid. (1755), 106; ibid. (1761), 106). Res. May 1761 (Notes and Queries, cc (1955), 444).

Nottingham, Daniel (Finch) 2nd Earl of Secretary of State (North) 5 March 1689- June 1690; (Sole) June-Dec. 1690; (South) Dec. 1690-March 1692; (Sole) March 1692-March 1693; (South) March-6 Nov. 1693; 2 May 1702-22 April 1704.
-, App. 5 March 1689 (BM Add. MS 45731 f. 22). Left office 6 Nov. 1693 (Isham MS no. 1499). App. 2 May 1702 (PC 2/79 p. 110). Left office 22 April 1704 (CTB, xix, 245).

Nunes see Cardozo Nunes

Oakes, Richard Under Secretary (Suffolk) Oct. 1778-March 1779.
-, App. by Suffolk notified 28 Oct. 1778 (SP 44/141 p. 458).

Ombee (Umby), - Necessary Woman (Vernon) c. 1699-May 1702; (Nottingham) May 1702-April 1704; (Harley) May 1704-Feb. 1708; (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Sept. 1710; (St. John/Bolingbroke) Sept. 1710-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714- Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716-April 1717; (Addison) April 1717-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-Jan. 1724.
-, Necessary Woman to Vernon; possibly unnamed recipient of salary from Pope's death; pd. odd sum to 2 Sept. 1699 and then quarterly to 2 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 43, 49, 62); first named 14 Nov. 1700; pd. from 2 Sept. 1700 to 25 March 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 ff. 67, 71; 40786 f. 35); pd. 1 May 1702 for quarter to 24 June 1702 (BM Add. MS 40786 f. 37); probably remained con- tinuously in office as above; pd. as Necessary Woman to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 30 Jan. 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367).

Oudart, Nicholas Secretary for Latin Tongue 19 July 1666-c. 21 Dec. 1681.
-, App. 19 July 1666 (C 66/3085). Buried 21 Dec. 1681 (Westminster Abbey Registers, ed. J. L. Chester (London 1876), 204).

Palman, George Lewis Clerk (Germain) c. 1780-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Germain from 1780 to 1782 (Royal Kal. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110), to Ellis March 1782 (T 1/579 Schedule 2). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 24).

Patterson, William Chief Clerk (Tweeddale) March 1742-Jan. 1746.
-, App. by Tweeddale notified March 1742 (SP 55/13 p. 3). Left office Jan. 1746 on abolition of Scottish Department (Tweeddale MS Acc. 4862 Box 160/1 Bundle 4).

Pauncefort, Tracy Clerk (Harley) c. 1706-7.
-, Pd. from 16 Feb. 1706 to 3 Sept. 1707 (BM Loan 29/162); last occ. 1707 (Cham- berlayne, Present State (1707), 513-14).

Paxton, Nathaniel Chief Clerk (Roxburghe) c. 1720-Aug. 1725.
-, In service of Roxburghe probably as Chief Clerk; occ. 10 Nov. 1720 (SP 55/9 ff. 137-9), 1723 (Miége, Present State (1723), pt. ii, 70); occ. as Chief Clerk 1726 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1726), pt. ii, 29).

Payzant, James Clerk (Trumbull) c. 1695-Dec. 1697; (Vernon) Dec. 1697-Nov. 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702; (Hedges) May 1702-Dec. 1706; (Sunderland) Dec. 1706-June 1710; (Dartmouth) June 1710- Aug. 1713; (Bromley) Aug. 1713-Sept. 1714; (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-April 1717; (Sunderland) April 1717-March 1718; (Stanhope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Towns- hend) Feb. 1721-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/ Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-Oct. 1746; (Chesterfield) Oct. 1746-Feb. 1748; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751- March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-23 July 1757.
-, Stated in 1757 to have served for seventy years (Gent. Mag. (1757), xxvii, 339); pd. as Clerk to Trumbull from 3 Nov. 1695 to 3 Feb. 1697 (Trumbull Add. MS 113), to Vernon from 2 June 1698 to 5 Nov. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 20, 66); occ. as Clerk to Hedges 1701 (Miége, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109), to Manchester 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98), to Hedges from 1702 to 1707 (sic) (ibid. (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530; ibid. (1707), 513), to Sunderland from 1708 to 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1708), 585; ibid. (1710), 515-16; SP 34/12 f. 165), to Dartmouth 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377); probably continued in office by Bromley; occ. as Clerk to Stanhope from 1716 to 1717 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1716), 528; CTB, xxx, 312; ibid. xxxi, 138-9); pd. as Clerk to Sunderland from April 1717 to March 1718 (Sunderland MS D 1/36), to Stanhope from 29 Sept. 1718 to 29 Sept. 1720 (Stanhope MS 76); occ. as Clerk to Townshend from 1723 to 1729 (Miége, Present State (1723), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1729), pt. ii, 30), to Harrington from 1735 to 1741 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1735), pt. ii, 43; ibid. (1741), pt. ii, 47), to Carteret 1743 (ibid. (1743), pt. ii, 32), to Harrington 1745 (ibid. (1745), pt. ii, 32); presence in office as Clerk to Chesterfield notified 21 Nov. 1746 (SP 44/129 p. 428); occ. as Clerk to Bedford from 1748 to 1751 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1748), pt. ii, 52; Court and City Reg. (1751), 108), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1752), 107; ibid. (1754), 106), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107); probably continued in office by Fox; presence in office as Clerk to Pitt notified 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399). D. 23 July 1757 (Gent. Mag. (1757), xxvii, 339).

Payzant, James Clerk (Holdernesse) Jan. 1752-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-April 1756.
-, App. by Holdernesse notified 8 Jan. 1752 (SP 44/136 p. 191); occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106-7), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107). Removal from office by Fox notified 8 April 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 358).

Paz see de Paz

Peace, Charles Clerk (Germain) c. 1779-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Germain from 1779 to 1782 (Royal Kal. (1779), 109; ibid. (1782), 110); continued in office by Ellis. Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Department (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Pearson, - (?) Office Keeper (Dartmouth) c. 1711.
-, Possibly deputy to Smith; occ. 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377).

Pelham, Thomas (?) Clerk (Newcastle) Aug. 1726-June 1730.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 22 Aug. 1726 (SP 44/148); not a salaried Clerk (MS Rawlinson C 367). Probably left office June 1730 on app. as Secretary to Embassy to France (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1730), xv, 44; Dip. Rep., 19).

Perrott, Charles Writer of Gazette Feb. 1666-c. 1672.
-, App. Feb. 1666 (CSPD 1665-6, 232; A. à Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, ed. P. Bliss (London 1817), iii, 1185); last occ. 28 Jan. 1672 (CSPD 1671-2, 107).

Phelps, Richard Under Secretary (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Hillsborough) Jan.-June 1768; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771.
-, App. by Sandwich notified 9 Sept. 1763 (CHOP 1760-5, 302); received fees as Under Secretary to Hillsborough from 21 Jan. to 24 June 1768 (SP 45/32); app. by Sandwich notified 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103).

Phipps, John Deputy Office Keeper (Harrington) March 1731-c. 1737.
-, Deputy to Sommer; received his fees from March 1731 (SP 45/26); occ. as Deputy Office Keeper to Harrington to 29 Oct. 1737 (T 52/40 p. 7).

Pin see Le Pin

Pitt, William Secretary of State (South) 6 Dec. 1756-5 Oct. 1761.
-, App. 6 Dec. 1756 (T 53/46 p. 117). Left office 5 Oct. 1761 (T 53/48 p. 200).

Plasket, Thomas Henry Deputy Clerk of Signet June 1837-1 Oct. 1850.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Bentinck from June 1837 to Oct. 1850 (SO 5/43). D. 1 Oct. 1850 (Gent. Mag. (1850), cxxvii, 561).

Pollock, William Clerk (Egremont) May-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Jan. 1768. Chief Clerk (Hillsborough) Jan. 1768-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Deputy Clerk of Signet 1785-17 Feb. 1816.
-, App. as Clerk by Egremont notified 20 May 1763 (CHOP 1760-5, 285); presence in office notified as Clerk to Sandwich 9 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302, 408), to Grafton 23 July 1765 (ibid. 580), to Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54); occ. as Clerk to Shelburne from 1766 to 1768 (Shelburne MS 134 p. 119; Royal Kal. (1768), 117). App. Chief Clerk by Hillsborough Jan. 1768 (1st Rept. on Fees, 19); occ. as Chief Clerk to Hillsborough to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain from 1776 to 1782 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1782), 110), to Ellis March 1782 (T 1/579 Schedule 2). App. Chief Clerk, Home Office May 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 19). Occ. as Deputy Clerk of Signet to Rivers from July 1785 to Aug. 1807 (SO 5/4, 20); app. Deputy to Bentinck 23 Dec. 1802 (Ind. 6769), to Gage 24 April 1807 (Ind. 6770); last occ. as Deputy 1816 (Royal Kal. (1816), 147). D. 17 Feb. 1816 (Gent. Mag. (1816), lxxxvi (1), 282).

Pope, - Necessary Woman (Trumbull) c. 1695-Dec. 1697; (Vernon) Dec. 1697 8 March/17 Aug. 1699.
-, Pd. as Necessary Woman to Trumbull from 3 May 1695 to 3 Feb. 1697 (Trumbull Add. MS 113), to Vernon from 2 March 1698 to 2 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 13, 33). D. between 8 March and 17 Aug. 1699 (ibid. ff. 42, 43).

Poplett, Thomas Clerk (Germain) c. 1777-8.
-, Occ. from 1777 to 1778 (Royal Kal. (1777), 109; ibid. (1778), 109).

Porten, Stanier (ktd. 5 June 1772) Under Secretary (Shelburne) July-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-Nov. 1779; (Hills- borough) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, Keeper of State Papers 3 May 1774-7 June 1789.
-, App. as Under Secretary notified by Shelburne 27 July 1768 (CHOP 1766-9, 434), by Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435), by Weymouth 30 Nov. 1775 (CHOP 1773-5, 556); received fees as Under Secretary to Hillsborough from Nov. 1779 to 27 March 1782 (SP 45/34-5). App. Keeper of State Papers 3 May 1774 (C 66/3746). D. 7 June 1789 (T 53/59 p. 199).

Potenger, Richard Under Secretary (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1761.
-, Received fees as Under Secretary to Holdernesse from June 1751 (SP 45/28); app. notified 31 July 1751 (SP 44/136 p. 180).

Potter, John Under Secretary (Chesterfield) Nov. 1746-Feb. 1748; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-29 May 1749.
-, App. by Chesterfield notified 21 Nov. 1746 (SP 44/129 p. 613); continued in office by Bedford (SP 45/28). D. 29 May 1749 (Gent. Mag. (1749), xix, 236).

Powlett, Thomas Norton Clerk of Signet 30 Oct. 1807-6 Dec. 1824.
-, App. 30 Oct. 1807 (C 66/4072). D. 6 Dec. 1824 (Gent. Mag. (1824), xciv (2), 645).

Pownall, John Under Secretary (Hillsborough) June 1768-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-April 1776.
-, Received fees as Under Secretary from 24 June 1768 to 5 April 1776 (SP 45/32).

Pownall, John Lillingston Clerk (Hillsborough) c. 1769-Jan. 1770.
-, Occ. from 1769 to 1770 (Royal Kal. (1769), 118; ibid. (1770), 116). Probably left office Jan. 1770 on app. as Clerk, Board of Trade (Journal of the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 1768-75, 164).

Preston, Richard (Graham) 1st Viscount Secretary of State (North) 29 Oct.-Dec. 1688.
-, App. 29 Oct. 1688 (PC 2/72 p. 783). Left office Dec. 1688 (flight of James II).

Prevereau, Daniel Clerk (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Sept. 1710; (St. John/Bolingbroke) Sept. 1710-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714-Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716- April 1717; (Addison) April 1717-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Dec. 1719. Chief Clerk (Craggs) Dec. 1719-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724-1 April 1746.
-, Presence in office notified as Clerk to Boyle 23 Feb. 1708 (SP 44/107 p. 4), to St. John 23 Nov. 1710 (SP 44/109), to Townshend 30 Sept. 1714 (SP 44/116); occ. as Clerk to Addison 1718 (Miège, Present State (1718), 362); presence in office as Clerk to Craggs notified 29 March 1718 (SP 44/147). App. Chief Clerk by Craggs Dec. 1719 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1719), iv, 42); occ. as Chief Clerk to Carteret from 30 May to 30 Dec. 1723 (T 52/32 p. 361; T 52/33 pp. 23, 51, 79, 275), to Newcastle from 1726 to 1746 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1726), pt. ii, 29; Court and City Reg. (1746), 99). D. 1 April 1746 (Gent. Mag. (1746), xvi, 222).

Price, - (?) Office Keeper (Nottingham) 1689.
-, Occ., probably as Office Keeper, July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 14).

Price, John Clerk (Newcastle) July 1729-c. 1737.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 29 July 1729 (SP 44/148); pd. from April 1729 to 24 June 1733 (MSS Rawlinson C 367, 123); last occ. 29 Oct. 1737 (T 52/40 p. 7).

Pringle, Robert Under Secretary (Sunderland) Jan. 1709-June 1710; (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-April 1717.
-, App. by Sunderland Jan. 1709 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 391-'John Pringle'); occ. almost certainly correctly as 'Robert Pringle' 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 515); app. by Stanhope notified 8 Oct. 1714 (SP 44/117 p. 5).

Prior, Matthew Under Secretary (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700.
-, App. by Jersey May 1699 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iv, 517).

Pulse, Philip Clerk (Newcastle) May 1748-c. 1751.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 26 May 1748 (SP 44/148); last occ. 1751 (Court and City Reg. (1751), 108).

Pulteney, John Under Secretary (Shrewsbury) Sept. 1689-June 1690; (Sydney) Dec. 1690-March 1692.
-, App. by Shrewsbury Sept. 1689 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, i, 580), by Sydney Dec. 1690 (ibid. ii, 149; CSPD 1690-1, 195). The reports of his app. as Under Secretary by Trenchard March 1693 and by Shrewsbury March 1694 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iii, 61, 279) are inaccurate.

Queensberry, James (Douglas) 2nd Duke of Secretary of State (Scotland) 3 Feb. 1709-6 July 1711.
-, App. 3 Feb. 1709 (CTB, xxiii, 81). D. 6 July 1711.

Quin, William Office Keeper (Harrington) March 1732-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/ Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-c. 1746.
-, App. by Harrington March 1732 (Gent. Mag. (1732), ii, 680-'Winn'); received fees from April 1732 (SP 45/26); occ. as Office Keeper to Harrington to 1741 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1741), pt. ii, 47), to Carteret 1743 (ibid. (1743), pt. ii, 32), to Harrington from 1745 to 1746 (ibid. (1745), pt. ii, 32; Court and City Reg. (1746), 99).

Ramsden, Thomas Clerk (Newcastle) June 1730-1743. Under Secretary (New- castle) 1743-April 1750.
-, Collector of State Papers 4 Jan. 1742-25 April 1791.
-, Secretary for Latin Tongue 20 April 1752-25 April 1791.
-, App. as Clerk by Newcastle notified 6 June 1730 (SP 44/148); last occ. as Clerk 1743 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1743), pt. ii, 31-2). App. Under Secretary by Newcastle probably 1743 (J. Haydn, Book of Dignities, 3rd ed. (London 1894), 225); first occ. as such 25 March 1743 (SP 44/148). Left office April 1750 (Gent. Mag. (1750), xx, 189-but not dead). App. Collector of State Papers 4 Jan. 1742 (C 66/ 3611), Secretary for Latin Tongue 20 April 1752 (C 66/3636, 3677). D. 25 April 1791 (T 53/60 p. 139).

Ramsey, Benjamin Office Keeper (Trumbull) May 1695-Dec. 1697; (Vernon) Dec. 1697-Nov. 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702; (Hedges) May 1702-Dec. 1706.
-, Pd. as Office Keeper to Trumbull from 3 May 1695 to 3 Feb. 1697 (Trumbull Add. MS 113), to Vernon from 2 March 1698 to 5 Nov. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 13, 66); occ. as Office Keeper to Hedges 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109), to Manchester 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98), to Hedges from 1702 to 1707 (sic) (ibid. (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530; ibid. (1707), 513). D. by 29 Oct. 1707 (CTB, xxviii, 452).

Randall, George Clerk (Shelburne) Sept. 1767-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768- Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-Nov. 1779; (Hillsborough) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 25 Sept. 1767 (CHOP 1766-9, 187); presence in office notified as Clerk to Shelburne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435), to Weymouth 30 Nov. 1775 (CHOP 1773-5, 556); occ. as Clerk to Weymouth to 1779 (Royal Kal. (1779), 109), to Hillsborough from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 22).

Raymond, Thomas Keeper of State Papers (?)-c. 31 Dec. 1661.
-, Grant in reversion 20 July 1640 (C 66/2873); had succ. by 31 Dec. 1661 when surrendered office (surrender recited in grant to J. Williamson).

Reeve see Reid

Reid (Reeve), George Clerk (Tweeddale) March 1742-Jan. 1746.
-, App. by Tweeddale notified March 1742 (SP 55/13 p. 3). Left office Jan. 1746 on abolition of Scottish Department (Tweeddale MS Acc. 4862 Box 160/1 Bundle 4).

Richards, John Clerk (Arlington) c. 1665-73. Under Secretary (Arlington) c. 1673- Sept. 1674.
-, Clerk to Arlington by Dec. 1665 when W. Godolphin ceased to be Under Secretary (Letters to Sir Joseph Williamson 1673-4, ed. W. D. Christie (Camden 2nd ser., viii, ix, 1874), i, 142). Under Secretary by 1673 (Evans, Principal Secretary, 192); last occ. 27 Feb. 1674 (Letters to Williamson, ii, 155).

Richardson, John Deputy Clerk of Signet c. 1722-14 Aug. 1724.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Alexander and Fry from Dec. 1722 to July 1724 (SO 5/1). D. 14 Aug. 1724 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1724), ix, 38).

Richardson, John Deputy Clerk of Signet 1740-4.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Weston from Feb. 1740 to April 1744 (SO 5/2).

Richardson, Joseph Clerk (Sunderland) Oct. 1717-March 1718; (Stanhope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Townshend) Feb. 1721-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-March 1745. Chief Clerk (Harrington) March 1745-Oct. 1746; (Chesterfield) Oct. 1746- Feb. 1748; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756- Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-10 May 1766.
-, App. as Clerk by Sunderland notified 12 Oct. 1717 (SP 44/120 p. 231); pd. as such to March 1718 (Sunderland MS D 1/36); pd. as Clerk to Stanhope from 29 Sept. 1718 to 29 Sept. 1720 (Stanhope MS 76); occ. as Clerk to Townshend from 31 May 1725 to 13 Sept. 1729 (T 52/33 p. 366; T 52/36 p. 403), to Harrington from 10 June 1730 to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/37 p. 122; T 52/41 p. 350), to Carteret from 17 Sept. 1742 to 15 Nov. 1743 (T 52/42 pp. 82, 324), to Harrington 1745 (Chamber- layne, Present State (1745), pt. ii, 32). App. Chief Clerk by Harrington March 1745 (Gent. Mag. (1745), xv, 165); presence in office as Chief Clerk to Chesterfield notified 21 Nov. 1746 (SP 44/129 p. 428); occ. as Chief Clerk to Bedford from 1748 to 1751 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1748), pt. ii, 52; Court and City Reg. (1751), 108), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1752), 107; ibid. (1754), 106), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107); probably continued in office by Fox; presence in office notified as Chief Clerk to Pitt 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399), to Egremont 13 Oct. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 70), to Sandwich 9 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302, 408), to Grafton 23 July 1765 (ibid. 580). D. 10 May 1766 (Gent. Mag. (1766), xxxvi, 247).

Richardson, Thomas Office Keeper of Signet Office c. 1736-c. Sept. 1773.
-, Occ. from 1736 to 1772 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1736), pt. ii, 47; Royal Kal. (1772), 115). D. c. Sept. 1773 (SO 5/4).

Richmond, Charles (Lennox) 8th Duke of Secretary of State (South) 23 May-30 July 1766.
-, App. 23 May 1766 (T 53/50 p. 283). Left office 30 July 1766 (ibid.).

Rivers, James Clerk (Newcastle) March 1744-March 1754. Under Secretary (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765.
-, Translator of Southern Languages Dec. 1755-c. 1765.
-, Clerk of Signet 22 Dec. 1762-29 Aug. 1807.
-, App. as Clerk by Newcastle notified 12 March 1744 (SP 44/148). App. Under Secretary by Robinson March 1754 (Gent. Mag. (1754), xxiv, 143); app. as Under Secretary notified by Pitt 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399), by Egremont 13 Oct. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 70), by Sandwich 9 Sept. 1763 (ibid. 302). App. as Translator of Southern Languages notified 12 Dec. 1755 (T 53/45 p. 461); last occ. as such 5 July 1765 (BM Add. MS 38339 f. 143) App. Clerk of Signet 22 Dec. 1762 (C 66/ 3688). D. 29 Aug. 1807 (Gent. Mag. (1807), lxxvii (2), 892).

Roberts, John Christopher Clerk (Egremont) Oct. 1761-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765. Assistant Under Secretary (Seymour Conway) July 1765- May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July-Oct. 1766.
-, Probably app. by Egremont; presence in office notified as Clerk to Egremont 13 Oct. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 70), to Sandwich 9 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302, 408). App. as Assistant Under Secretary notified by Seymour Conway 23 July 1765 (ibid. 580), by Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54), by Shelburne 1 Aug. 1766 (ibid. 65). Left office by 8 Oct. 1766 (ibid. 84).

Roberts, Patricius Clerk (Vernon) c. 1698-Nov. 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702; (Hedges) May 1702-June 1706.
-, Pd. as Clerk to Vernon from 2 June 1698 to 5 Nov. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 20, 66); occ. as Clerk to Hedges 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109), to Manchester 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98), to Hedges from 1702 to 1704 (ibid. (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530). Removed from office June 1706 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 54).

Robinson, James Office Keeper (Shrewsbury) c. 1689.
-, Occ., probably as Office Keeper, July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13).

Robinson, Sir Thomas, kt. Secretary of State (South) 24 March 1754-14 Nov. 1755.
-, App. 24 March 1754 (T 53/45 p. 87). Left office 14 Nov. 1755 (ibid. p. 468).

Rochford, William (Nassau de Zuylestein) 4th Earl of Secretary of State (North) 21 Oct. 1768-Dec. 1770; (South) Dec. 1770-10 Nov. 1775.
-, App. 21 Oct. 1768 (T 53/51 p. 228). Left office 10 Nov. 1775 (T 53/53 p. 143).

Rolleston, Henry Deputy Writer of Gazette c. 1804-29.
-, Occ. from 1804 to 1829 (Royal Kal. (1804), 133; ibid. (1829), 137).

Rolleston, Stephen Deputy Writer of Gazette 30 Jan. 1797-15 Jan. 1803. Writer of Gazette 15 Jan. 1803-19 Nov. 1828.
-, App. Deputy Writer of Gazette 30 Jan. 1797 (FO 366/413). App. Writer of Gazette 15 Jan. 1803 (C 66/4014). D. 19 Nov. 1828 (Gent. Mag. (1828), xcviii (2), 476).

Routledge, John Office Keeper of Signet Office c. 1773-82.
-, Occ. from 1773 to 1782 (Royal Kal. (1773), 115; ibid. (1782), 108).

Rowe, Nicholas Under Secretary (Queensberry) Feb. 1709-July 1711.
-, App. by Queensberry Feb. 1709 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 404).

Rowley, William Clerk (Shrewsbury) c. 1697-Dec. 1698; (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700.
-, Question of app. by Shrewsbury mentioned 1 Sept. 1696 (Hist. MSS Comm. Bath, iii, 84); in his service Dec. 1697 (Vernon Correspondence, ed. G. P. R. James (London 1841), i, 437); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Shrewsbury's res. from 25 Dec. 1698 to 25 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 34); occ. as Clerk to Jersey 22 May 1699 (Hist. MSS Comm. Bath, iii, 350). Occ. as Chief Clerk (sic) to Jersey jointly with Swinford 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502). Apparently left office June 1700 on app. as Groom Porter (Hist. MSS Comm. Buccleuch, ii, 638, 639, 643, 652; C 66/3416).

Roxburghe, John (Kerr) 1st Duke of Secretary of State (Scotland) 13 Dec. 1716- 25 Aug. 1725.
-, App. 13 Dec. 1716 (CTB, xxxi, 113). Left office 25 Aug. 1725 (T 53/32 p. 171).

Royer, Gideon Embellisher of Letters c. 1669-1703.
-, Occ. from 20 Jan. 1669 to 23 Aug. 1703 (CSPD 1668-9, 163; CTB, xviii, 378).

Royer, James Clerk (Newcastle) Nov. 1753-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-Dec. 1755.
-, Acted temporarily as Clerk during Newcastle's journey to Hanover from 31 March to 18 Nov. 1752 (T 52/46 pp. 44, 147); app. as Clerk to Newcastle notified 13 Nov. 1753 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse 1755 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 52-3). Probably left office Dec. 1755 on app. as Under Clerk, Treasury (T 29/32 p. 360).

St. Davids, Bishop of see Willes, Edward

St. John, Hon. Henry (cr. Viscount Bolingbroke 7 July 1712) Secretary of State (North) 21 Sept. 1710-Aug. 1713; (South) Aug. 1713-30 Aug. 1714.
-, App. 21 Sept. 1710 (CTB, xxiv, 485). Left office 30 Aug. 1714 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1714-16), i, 39).

Salamé, Alexander Y. Interpreter of Oriental Languages Jan. 1823-June 1835.
-, Pd. from 5 Jan. 1823 to 30 June 1835 (CO 701/2 p. 109; CO 701/3 p. 62).

Sanders, Henry William Office Keeper of Signet Office 1832-7 Aug. 1851.
-, App. 1832 (Rept. of Committee on Signet and Privy Seal Offices (HC 1849, xxii), 6). Office abolished 7 Aug. 1851 (14 & 15 Vict., c 82, s 3).

Sandwich, John (Montagu) 4th Earl of Secretary of State (North) 9 Sept. 1763-11 July 1765; 19 Dec. 1770-22 Jan. 1771.
-, App. 9 Sept. 1763 (T 53/49 p. 226). Left office 11 July 1765 (T 53/50 p. 12). App. 19 Dec. 1770 (T 53/52 p. 117). Left office 22 Jan. 1771 (ibid.).

Sandys, William Clerk (Newcastle) Aug. 1727-April 1729.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 7 Aug. 1727 (SP 44/148); pd. to 24 April 1729 (MS Rawlinson C 367). App. Sept. 1729 Secretary to Earl of Kinnoull, Ambassador to Turkey (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1729), xiv, 53; Dip. Rep., 53).

Sawer, William Clerk (Hillsborough) Feb. 1768-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-1776. Senior Clerk (Germain) 1776-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, App. 'Secretary' (Clerk) by Hillsborough Feb. 1768 (Gent. Mag. (1768), xxxviii, 95); occ. as Clerk to Hillsborough to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain 1776 (ibid. (1776), 109). Probably app. Senior Clerk c. Jan. 1776 in succession to Serle; occ. as Senior Clerk to Germain from 1777 to 1782 (ibid. (1777), 109; ibid. (1782), 110); continued in office by Ellis. Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Depart- ment (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Scholing, - Decipherer May 1743-1748.
-, Pd. from 21 May 1743 (T 53/41 p. 466). D. 1748 (T 53/43 p. 491).

Schweinfurt see Swinford

Scott, - Writer of Gazette c. 1711.
-, Occ. 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377).

Scott, Henry Dundas Deputy Clerk of Signet Oct. 1850-7 Aug. 1851.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Bentinck from Oct. 1850 to Aug. 1851 (SO 5/43). Office abolished 7 Aug. 1851 (14 & 15 Vict., c 82, s 3).

Scott, Thomas Clerk (Queensberry) c. 1710. Under Secretary (Roxburghe) Dec. 1716-Aug. 1725.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Queensberry 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 515). App. Under Secretary by Roxburghe probably Dec. 1716; occ. from 22 Jan. 1717 to 1726 (sic) (SP 55/8 p. 10; SP 55/9 p. 209; Chamberlayne, Present State (1718), pt. ii, 31; ibid. (1726), pt. ii, 29).

Sedgwick, - Office Keeper (Nottingham) c. 1689.
-, Occ., probably as Office Keeper, July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 14).

Sedgwick, Edward Under Secretary (Halifax) Sept. 1763-July 1765; Jan.-June 1771.
-, App. by Halifax notified 13 Sept. 1763 (CHOP 1760-5, 302-3), 22 Jan. 1771 (CHOP 1770-2, 193).

Serle, Ambrose Senior Clerk (Hillsborough) 1768-Aug. 1772; (Dartmouth) Aug. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Jan. 1776.
-, App. by Hillsborough probably 1768; occ. as Senior Clerk to Hillsborough from 1769 to 1772 (Royal Kal. (1769), 118; ibid. (1772), 116), to Dartmouth from 1773 to 1775 (ibid. (1773), 116; ibid. (1775), 107), to Germain 1776 (ibid. (1776), 109). Left office Jan. 1776 on app. as Solicitor and Clerk of Reports, Board of Trade (Journal of the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 1776-82, 2).

Seymour Conway, Hon. Henry Secretary of State (South) 10 July 1765-May 1766; (North) May 1766-c. 20 Jan. 1768.
-, App. 10 July 1765 (T 53/50 p. 13). Left office by 20 Jan. 1768 (app. of Wey- mouth).

Shadwell, Richard Clerk (Newcastle) Oct. 1745-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-Sept. 1763. Senior Clerk (Halifax) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771- Oct. 1772. Chief Clerk (Suffolk) Oct. 1772-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775- Nov. 1779; (Hillsborough) Nov. 1779-March 1782.
-, Deputy Clerk of Signet April 1769-1 June 1785.
-, App. as Clerk by Newcastle notified 24 Oct. 1745 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1761 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 52-3; Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (Court and City Reg. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202). Presence in office notified as Senior Clerk to Halifax 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302-3, 407), to Seymour Conway 15 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 67), to Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (ibid. 293), to Sandwich 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103), to Halifax 22 Jan., 20 March 1771 (ibid. 193, 225), to Suffolk 12 June 1771 (ibid. 265). Presence in office notified as Chief Clerk to Suffolk 2 Oct. 1772 (ibid. 556), to Weymouth 30 Nov. 1775 (CHOP 1773-5, 556); occ. as Chief Clerk to Weymouth to 1779 (Royal Kal. (1779), 109), to Hillsborough from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (SP 45/35). App. Deputy Clerk of Signet to Rivers April 1769 (Ind. 6766); last occ. Jan. 1785 (SO 5/4). D. 1 June 1785 (Gent. Mag. (1785), lv (1), 490).

Shadwell, Thomas Clerk (Shelburne) Sept. 1767-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-c. 1772.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 25 Sept. 1767 (CHOP 1766-9, 187); presence in office notified as Clerk to Shelburne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435); last occ. 1772 (Royal Kal. (1772), 115). Probably left office c. 1771 on app. as Secretary to Lord Grantham, Ambassador to Spain (Dip. Rep., 137).

Shaftoe (later Delaval), George Clerk (Craggs) Dec. 1719-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-c. 1724.
-, App. by Craggs notified 18 Dec. 1719 (SP 44/147); last occ. as Clerk to Carteret 4 Feb. 1724 (ibid.).

Shaw, John Office Keeper (Stormont) c. 1782.
-, Probably app. c. Feb. 1782 in succession to Milburn. Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (Royal Kal. (1783), 110; 1st Rept. on Fees, 32).

Shelburne, William (Petty) 2nd Earl of Secretary of State (South) 30 July 1766- 21 Oct. 1768.
-, App. 30 July 1766 (T 53/50 p. 311). Left office 21 Oct. 1768 (T 53/51 p. 102).

Shelley, Thomas Clerk (Holdernesse) March 1752-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-24 Aug. 1758.
-, App. by Holdernesse notified 31 March 1752 (SP 44/136 p. 208); occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106-7), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107); probably continued in office by Fox; presence in office as Clerk to Pitt notified 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399). D. 24 Aug. 1758 (Gent. Mag. (1758), xxviii, 377).

Shepherd, John Clerk (Stanhope) July 1715-April 1717; (Sunderland) April-Dec. 1717.
-, App. by Stanhope notified 15 July 1715 (SP 44/117 p. 202); pd. as Clerk to Sunderland from 12 April to Dec. 1717 (Sunderland MS D 1/36). D. Dec. 1717 (ibid.).

Shirley (from c. 1759 Barrington), Priscilla Necessary Woman (Bedford) c. 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761-c. 1763.
-, Occ. as Necessary Woman to Bedford 1751 (Court and City Reg. (1751), 109), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1754 (ibid. (1752), 107-8; ibid. (1754), 106-7), to Robinson 1755 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107-8); probably continued in office by Fox; occ. as Necessary Woman to Pitt from 1757 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1757), 106-7; ibid. (1761), 106); pd. as Necessary Woman to Egremont from 10 Oct. 1761 to 5 July 1763 (PRO 30/47/37/ 1-7).

Shorter, Thomas Office Keeper (Shrewsbury) c. 1689; c. 1697-Dec. 1698; (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700; (Vernon) Nov. 1700-May 1702; (Nottingham) May 1702- April 1704; (Harley) May 1704-Feb. 1708; (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Sept. 1710; (St. John/Bolingbroke) Sept. 1710-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714-Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716-April 1717; (Addison) April 1717-3 Feb. 1718.
-, Stated in 1705 to have served for twenty years (Hist. MSS Comm. Portland, viii, 190); in service of Shrewsbury, probably as Office Keeper, July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13); occ. as Office Keeper to Shrewsbury 5 Aug. 1697 (BM Add. MS 35107 f. 43); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Shrewsbury's res. from 25 Dec. 1698 to 25 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 34); probably continued in office by Jersey May 1699; in his service 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Jersey's res. from 24 June to 24 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 65); transferred to Vernon's service Nov. 1700; pd. from 29 Sept. 1700 to 25 March 1702 and on 1 May 1702 for quarter to 24 June 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 f. 71; 40786 ff. 35, 37); occ. as Office Keeper to Nottingham from 1702 to 1704 (Compleat History (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 529-30); pd. as Office Keeper to Harley from 16 Feb. 1706 to 3 Sept. 1707 (BM Loan 29/162); occ. as Office Keeper to Boyle from 1708 to 1710 Chamberlayne, Present State (1708), 586; ibid. (1710), 516), to St. John 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377), to Townshend 1716 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1716), 527-8-'James Shorter'); probably continued in office by Methuen; occ. as Office Keeper to Addison 1718 (ibid. (1718), pt. ii, 31). D. 3 Feb. 1718 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1718), iii, 6).

Shrewsbury, Charles (Talbot) 12th Earl of (cr. Duke of Shrewsbury 30 April 1694) Secretary of State (South) 19 Feb. 1689-3 June 1690; (North) 2 March 1694-April 1695; (South) April 1695-14 Dec. 1698.
-, App. 19 Feb. 1689 (PC 2/73 p. 10). Left office 3 June 1690 (BM Add. MS 34095 ff. 22-3). App. 2 March 1694 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iii, 278). Left office 14 Dec. 1698 (ibid. iv, 461).

Shuckburgh, Samuel Clerk (Pitt) Sept. 1758-Aug. 1761.
-, App. by Pitt notified 21 Sept. 1758 (SP 44/136 p. 508). Dismissal notified 21 Aug. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 62).

Smart, Elizabeth Necessary Woman (Sunderland) April 1717-March 1718; (Stan- hope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Townshend) Feb. 1721-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-c. 1743.
-, Pd. as Necessary Woman to Sunderland from April 1717 to March 1718 (Sunder- land MS D 1/36), to Stanhope from 29 Sept. 1718 to 29 Sept. 1720 (Stanhope MS 76); occ. as Necessary Woman to Townshend from 1728 to 1729 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1728), pt. ii, 30; ibid. (1729), pt. ii, 30), to Harrington from 1735 to 1741 (ibid. (1735), pt. ii, 43; ibid. (1741), pt. ii, 47), to Carteret 1743 (ibid. (1743), pt. ii, 32).

Smith, Thomas Office Keeper (Trumbull) c. 1695-Dec. 1697; (Vernon) Dec. 1697- Nov. 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702; (Hedges) May 1702-Dec. 1706; (Sunderland) Dec. 1706-June 1710; (Dartmouth) June 1710- Aug. 1713; (Bromley) Aug. 1713-Sept. 1714; (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-April 1717; (Sunderland) April 1717-March 1718; (Stanhope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Towns- hend) Feb. 1721-c. Dec. 1729.
-, Pd. as Office Keeper to Trumbull from 3 Nov. 1695 to 3 Feb. 1697 (Trumbull Add. MS 113), to Vernon from 2 March 1698 to 5 Nov. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 13, 66); occ. as Office Keeper to Hedges 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109), to Manchester 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98), to Hedges from 1702 to 1707 (sic) (ibid. (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530; ibid. (1707), 513), to Sunderland from 1708 to 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1708), 585; ibid. (1710), 515-16; SP 34/12 f. 65); probably continued in office by Dartmouth and Bromley; occ. as Office Keeper to Stanhope 1716 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1716), 528); pd. as Office Keeper to Sunderland from April 1717 to March 1718 (Sunderland MS D 1/36), to Stanhope from 29 Sept. 1718 to 29 Sept. 1720 (Stanhope MS 76); occ. as Office Keeper to Townshend from 1723 to 1729 (Cham- berlayne, Present State (1723), 483; ibid. (1729), pt. ii, 30). D. c. Dec. 1729 (SP 45/26; Prob 11/635 f. 19).

Sneyd, Francis Clerk (Bedford) Feb. 1748-c. Dec. 1750.
-, App. by Bedford notified 27 Feb. 1748 (SP 44/129 p. 449). Left office by 4 Dec. 1750 (SP 44/136 p. 113).

Sneyd, Jeremiah Clerk (Bedford) Dec. 1750-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751- March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-April 1769. Chief Clerk (Rochford) April 1769-Nov. 1775; (Suffolk) Nov. 1775-March 1779; (Stormont) Oct. 1779-March 1782.
-, App. as Clerk by Bedford notified 4 Dec. 1750 (SP 44/136 p. 113); occ. as Clerk to Bedford to 1751 (Court and City Reg. (1751), 108- 'Francis Sneyd'), to Holder- nesse from 1752 to 1754 (ibid. (1752), 107-8; ibid. (1754), 106), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107); probably continued in office by Fox; presence in office notified as Clerk to Pitt 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399), to Egremont 13 Oct. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 70), to Sandwich 9 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302, 408), to Grafton 23 July 1765 (ibid. 580), to Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54), to Shel- burne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435). App. Chief Clerk by Rochford in succession to G. Brown probably April 1769; occ. as Chief Clerk to Rochford from 1770 to 1775 (Royal Kal. (1770), 115; ibid. (1775), 107); became Chief Clerk to Suffolk Nov. 1775, exchanging places with R. Shadwell (CHOP 1773-5, 556; SP 45/33); occ. as such from 1776 to 1779 (Royal Kal. (1776), 109; ibid. (1779), 109); presence in office as Chief Clerk to Stormont notified 9 Nov. 1779 (FO 366/669 p. 16). Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 27).

Sommer, John Office Keeper (Townshend) Jan.-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-Oct. 1746; (Chesterfield) Oct. 1746-Feb. 1748; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761- Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-Nov. 1775; (Weymouth) Nov. 1775-c. May 1777.
-, App. by Townshend (Thomson, Secretaries of State, 180); received fees as Office Keeper to Townshend Jan. 1730 (SP 45/26); continued in office by Harrington; fees received by deputies, Brooke and Phipps from Feb. 1730 to Dec. 1733 (ibid.); occ. as Office Keeper to Harrington from 7 May 1740 to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/41 pp. 24, 350), to Carteret from 17 Sept. 1742 to 15 Nov. 1743 (T 52/42 pp. 82, 324), to Harrington from 1 May 1745 to 1746 (T 52/43 p. 134; Court and City Reg. (1746), 99); probably continued in office by Chesterfield; occ. as Office Keeper to Bedford from 1748 to 1751 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1748), pt. ii, 52; Court and City Reg. (1751), 108-9), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1752), 107-8; ibid. (1754), 106-7), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107-8); probably continued in office by Fox; occ. as Office Keeper to Pitt from 1757 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1757), 106-7; ibid. (1761), 106); pd. as Office Keeper to Egremont from 10 Oct. 1761 to 5 July 1763 (PRO 30/47/37/1-7); occ. as Office Keeper to Sandwich from 1764 to 1765 (Court and City Reg. (1764), 106; ibid. (1765), 110), to Grafton 1766 (ibid. (1766), 107); probably continued in office by Richmond; occ. as Office Keeper to Shelburne from 1766 to 1768 (Shelburne MS 134 p. 119; Royal Kal. (1768), 117), to Rochford from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably remained in Northern Department Dec. 1770 on Rochford's transfer to Southern and continued in office under Sandwich and Halifax; received fees as Office Keeper to Suffolk from Jan. 1772 to Nov. 1775 (SP 45/33), to Wey- mouth from Nov. 1775 to May 1777 (SP 45/33-4).

Southcott, Mary Necessary Woman (Holdernesse) c. 1759-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Rochford) Dec. 1770-Nov. 1775; (Suffolk) Nov. 1775-March 1779; (Stormont) Oct. 1779-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Necessary Woman to Holdernesse from 1759 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1759), 106; ibid. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106); probably continued in office by Grenville; occ. as Necessary Woman to Halifax from 1763 to 1765 (ibid. (1763), 106; ibid. (1765), 110), to Seymour Conway from 1766 to 1768 (ibid. (1766), 107; Royal Kal. (1768), 118; Shelburne MS 134 p. 119), to Weymouth from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably became Necessary Woman to Rochford on his transfer to Southern Department Dec. 1770 and to Suffolk on Weymouth's app. Nov. 1775; occ. as Necessary Woman to Rochford from 1772 to 1775 (ibid. (1772), 115; ibid. (1775), 107), to Suffolk from 1776 to 1779 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1779), 109), to Stormont from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (ibid. (1783), 110).

Southern, Samuel Clerk (Nottingham) c. 1702-4.
-, Occ. from 1702 to 1704 (Compleat History (1702), 69; Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530).

Stamma, Filippo Interpreter of Oriental Languages July 1739-c. Sept. 1755.
-, App. notified 9 July 1739 (SP 44/131 p. 138). Left office by 26 Sept. 1755 (SP 44/136 p. 328).

Stanhope, Charles Under Secretary (J. Stanhope) Oct. 1714-April 1717.
-, App. by J. Stanhope notified 8 Oct. 1714 (SP 44/117 p. 5).

Stanhope, James (cr. Viscount Stanhope 3 July 1717; Earl Stanhope 14 April 1718) Secretary of State (South) 22 Sept. 1714-Dec. 1716; (North) Dec. 1716-15 April 1717; 19 March 1718-5 Feb. 1721.
-, App. 22 Sept. 1714 (CTB, xxix, 335). Left office 15 April 1717 (ibid. xxxi, 287).
-, App. 19 March 1718 (ibid. xxxii, 270). D. 5 Feb. 1721.

Stanhope, Lovell Law Clerk 4 Aug. 1747-2 Oct. 1774.
-, Under Secretary (Halifax) May 1764-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765; (Halifax) Jan.-March 1771.
-, App. Law Clerk 4 Aug. 1747 (C 66/3622, 3677). Res. 2 Oct. 1774 (CHOP 1773-5, 246). App. as Under Secretary notified by Halifax 10 May 1764 (CHOP 1760-5, 410), by Grafton 19 July 1765 (ibid. 578). Left office by 23 July 1765 (ibid. 579). App. as Under Secretary by Halifax notified 22 Jan. 1771 (CHOP 1770-2, 193). Left office by 20 March 1771 (ibid. 225).

Stanhope, Hon. Thomas Under Secretary (Harrington) May 1739-Nov. 1741.
-, App. by Harrington notified 28 May 1739 (SP 44/129 p. 137). Left office by 24 Nov. 1741 (ibid. p. 275).

Stanyan, Abraham (?) Chief Clerk (Trenchard) March 1693-April 1695; (Trum- bull) May 1695-July 1697; (Vernon) May 1698-March 1699. Under Secretary (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702.
-, Question of app. as Clerk mentioned 26 Dec. 1690 (Hist. MSS Comm. Downshire, i, 367). Possibly app. Chief Clerk by Trenchard March 1693; heads list of his Clerks 1694 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1694), 243); probably continued in office by Trumbull; in his service 13 April 1697 (Hist. MSS Comm. Bath, iii, 109); the fact that he was not one of Trumbull's salaried Clerks (Trumbull Add. MS 113) suggests that he was Chief Clerk during his secretaryship. Left office July 1697 on app. as Secretary to Embassy at Venice (CSPD 1697, 380). Occ. as Chief Clerk to Vernon 1700 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502-3); received the fees of Vernon's office, probably as his Chief Clerk, from 31 May 1698 to 30 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 12, 33). Left office on app. as Secretary to Embassy to France (CSPD 1699-1700, 240). App. Under Secretary by Manchester Jan. 1702 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, v, 127).

Stanyan, Temple Clerk (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Feb. 1709. Chief Clerk (Queensberry) Feb. 1709-July 1711; (?) (Mar) Sept. 1713-Sept. 1714; (Montrose) Sept. 1714- Aug. 1715. Under Secretary (Townshend) Oct. 1715-Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716-April 1717; (Addison) April 1717-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724-June 1729.
-, Presence in office as Clerk to Boyle notified 23 Feb. 1708 (SP 44/107 p. 4). App. Chief Clerk by Queensberry Feb. 1709 (Post Boy no. 2144); possibly continued in office by Mar; occ. in service of Montrose, probably as Chief Clerk, from 5 Nov. 1714 to 20 July 1715 (SP 55/4 pp. 5, 70). App. Under Secretary by Townshend Oct. 1715 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1714-16), i, 70); probably continued in office by Methuen; app. Under Secretary by Addison April 1717 (ibid. (1717), ii, 20); app. as Under Secretary by Craggs notified 29 March 1718 (SP 44/147); occ. as Under Secretary to Carteret from 20 April 1721 to 29 April 1723 (ibid.; SP 44/123 p. 252), to Newcastle from 17 July 1724 to 5 May 1729 (SP 44/148). Res. June 1729 (BM Add. MS 32687 f. 346).

Stapleton, Augustus Granville Clerk of Signet 8 May 1826-30 July 1831.
-, App. 8 May 1826 (C 66/4304, 4376). Grant determined 30 July 1831 (C 66/4391).

Stawell, Hon. Edward Under Secretary (Bromley) Aug. 1713-c. 1714.
-, App. by Bromley Aug. 1713 (Post Boy no. 2852). Probably left office by 13 Feb. 1714 (app. of Holt).

Steele, Richard Writer of Gazette May 1707-Oct. 1710.
-, App. May 1707 (Reliquiae Hearnianae, ed. P. Bliss (London 1869), i, 128). Dis. Oct. 1710 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 643).

Stepney, Joseph Clerk (Newcastle) April 1724-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-March 1761; (Bute) March-23 April 1761.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 29 April 1724 (SP 44/147); occ. as Clerk to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1761 (Cham- berlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 52-3; Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute March 1761 (Notes and Queries, cc (1955), 117). D. 23 April 1761 (ibid. 310).

Stewart, Thomas Clerk (Shelburne) Sept. 1767-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768- c. Oct. 1771.
-, App. by Shelburne notified 25 Sept. 1767 (CHOP 1766-9, 187); presence in office notified as Clerk to Shelburne 27 July 1768 (ibid. 434), to Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435). D. shortly after 1 Oct. 1771 (CHOP 1770-2, 304).

Stone, Andrew Under Secretary (Newcastle) July 1734-April 1751.
-, Collector of State Papers 18 May 1739-26 June 1741. Keeper of State Papers 5 May 1741-16 Dec. 1773.
-, App. Under Secretary by Newcastle July 1734 (Gent. Mag. (1734), iv, 392); app. notified 26 Sept. 1734 (SP 44/128 p. 415). Left office April 1751 on app. as Tutor to Prince of Wales (Gent. Mag. (1751), xx, 188). App. Collector of State Papers 18 May 1739 (C 66/3600). Grant determined 26 June 1741 (app. of Weston and Couraud). App. Keeper of State Papers 5 May 1741 (C 66/3604, 3685). D. 16 Dec. 1773 (T 53/53 p. 223).

Stonehewer, Richard Interpreter of Oriental Languages Sept. 1755-c. June 1763.
-, Under Secretary (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Richmond) May-July 1766.
-, App. as Interpreter of Oriental Languages notified 26 Sept. 1755 (SP 44/136 p. 328; CHOP 1760-5, 30). Left office by 15 June 1763 (CHOP 1760-5, 289). App. as Under Secretary notified by Grafton 23 July 1765 (ibid. 579), by Richmond 28 June 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 54).

Stormont, David (Murray) 7th Viscount Secretary of State (North) 27 Oct. 1779- 27 March 1782.
-, App. 27 Oct. 1779 (T 53/54 p. 437). Left office 27 March 1782 (T 53/55 p. 213).

Strahan, William Under Secretary (Mar) Sept. 1713-Sept. 1714.
-, App. by Mar Sept. 1713 (Post Boy no. 2863).

Suffolk, Henry (Howard) 12th Earl of Secretary of State (North) 12 June 1771-6 March 1779.
-, App. 12 June 1771 (T 53/52 p. 278). D. 6 March 1779.

Sunderland, Charles (Spencer) 3rd Earl of Secretary of State (South) 3 Dec. 1706- 14 June 1710; (North) 12 April 1717-15 March 1718.
-, App. 3 Dec. 1706 (CTB, xxi, 157). Left office 14 June 1710 (ibid. xxiv, 367).
-, App. 12 April 1717 (ibid. xxxi, 274). Left office 15 March 1718 (ibid.).

Sunderland, Robert (Spencer) 2nd Earl of Secretary of State (North) 10 Feb. 1679- April 1680; (South) April 1680-c. 2 Feb. 1681; (North) 28 Jan. 1683-April 1684; (South) April 1684-28 Oct. 1688.
-, App. 10 Feb. 1679 (PC 2/67 p. 87). Left office by 2 Feb. 1681 (app. of Conway).
-, App. 28 Jan. 1683 (Hist. MSS Comm. 7th Rept., 362). Left office 28 Oct. 1688 (BM Add. MS 45731 f. 38).

Sutton, Richard Under Secretary (Shelburne) Aug. 1766-Oct. 1768; (Rochford) Oct. 1768-Oct. 1772.
-, App. notified by Shelburne 1 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 65), by Rochford 4 Nov. 1768 (ibid. 435). Res. 1 Oct. 1772 (CHOP 1770-2, 556).

Swaddell, John Clerk (Bennet/Arlington) Aug. 1663-c. 1673.
-, App. Clerk in Bennet's office by Williamson Aug. 1663 (CSPD 1663-4, 251); last occ. 1 Aug. 1673 (Letters to Sir Joseph Williamson 1673-4, ed. W. D. Christie (Camden. 2nd ser., viii, ix, 1874), i, 142).

Swinford (Schweinfurt), John Clerk (Trumbull) 1695. Chief Clerk (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; May 1702-Dec. 1706.
-, Served as Clerk to Trumbull 1695 (BM Add. MS 28887 f. 189). Left office July 1695 on app. to service of Villiers (Jersey), Envoy to United Provinces (ibid. f. 172). Occ. as Chief Clerk to Jersey 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502-3); probably app. as such May 1699 (Hist. MSS Comm. Bath, iii, 350). Pd. as Clerk by Vernon during vacancy following Jersey's res. from 24 June to 29 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 66). App. Chief Clerk by Hedges probably Nov. 1700; occ. as such 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109); was keeping accounts of fees in Hedges' office 31 May 1701 (BM Add. MS 40784 f. 36); not continued in office by Manchester Jan. 1702 (Compleat History (1701), 98); reapp. by Hedges probably May 1702; heads list of his Clerks from 1702 to 1707 (sic) (ibid. (1702), 69; Cham- berlayne, Present State (1704), 530; ibid. (1707), 513). Not continued in office by Sunderland Dec. 1706 (The Letters of Joseph Addison, ed. W. Graham (Oxford 1941), 63).

Sydney, Henry (Sydney) 1st Viscount Secretary of State (North) 26 Dec. 1690-c. 5 March 1692.
-, App. 26 Dec. 1690 (PC 2/74 p. 89). Left office c. 5 March 1692 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, ii, 378).

Taylor, Bridges Deputy Clerk of Signet April 1841-Oct. 1846.
-, Occ. as Deputy to Sir Brook Taylor from April 1841 to Oct. 1846 (SO 5/43).

Taylor, Brook (ktd. 1822) Clerk of Signet 24 Jan. 1801-15 Oct. 1846.
-, App. 24 Jan. 1801 (C 66/3984). D. 15 Oct. 1846 (Gent. Mag. (1847), cxx, 82).

Taylor, William Clerk (Bute) c. 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768- Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-Jan. 1774.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Bute 1762 (Court and City Reg. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762, 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 202, 302-3, 407), to Seymour Conway 15 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 67), to Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (ibid. 293), to Sandwich 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103), to Halifax 22 Jan., 20 March 1771 (ibid. 193, 225), to Suffolk 12 June 1771, 2 Oct. 1772 (ibid. 265, 556). Dis. 27 Jan. 1774 (CHOP 1773-5, 301).

Tempest, Roland Private Secretary (Preston) Nov.-Dec. 1688.
-, App. by Preston Nov. 1688 (Ellis Corr., ii, 287).

Tench, John Deputy Clerk of Signet c. 1682-1701.
-, Occ. from 1682 to 1701 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1682), pt. i, 194; Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109).

Thomas, William Clerk (Harley) 1706-c. 1707.
-, Probably app. by Harley 1706; pd. from 1706 to 3 Sept. 1707 (BM Loan 29/162); last occ. 1707 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1707), 513-14).

Thompson, Benjamin Under Secretary (Germain) Oct. 1780-Oct. 1781.
-, Pd. from 10 Oct. 1780 to 4 Oct. 1781 (SP 45/32). Res. 4 Oct. 1781 (ibid.).

Thynne, Henry Frederick Under Secretary (Coventry) July 1672-April 1680.
-, App. by Coventry July 1672 (Coventry MS 119 ff. 1-2, 3).

Tickell, Richard Clerk (Addison) Jan.-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724; (Newcastle) April-Oct. 1724.
-, App. by Addison notified 24 Jan. 1718 (SP 44/147); presence in office as Clerk to Craggs notified 29 March 1718, 18 Dec. 1719 (ibid.); pd. as Clerk to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367), to Newcastle from 4 April to 7 Oct. 1724 (ibid.). Probably left office Oct. 1724 on app. as Secretary at War, Ireland (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1724), ix, 44).

Tickell, Thomas Under Secretary (Addison) April 1717-March 1718; (Craggs) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Carteret) March 1721-April 1724.
-, App. by Addison April 1717 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1717), ii, 20); app. by Craggs notified 29 March 1718 (SP 44/147); occ. as Under Secretary to Carteret from 31 March 1721 to April 1724 (ibid.; Hist. Reg. Chron. (1724), ix, 20).

Tigh, Edmund Clerk (Carteret) Oct. 1722-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724.
-, App. by Carteret notified 13 Oct. 1722 (SP 44/147); pd. as Clerk to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlinson C 367), to Newcastle from 4 to 17 April 1724 (ibid.). Left office by 29 April 1724 on app. as Secretary to Edward Finch, Minister Plenipotentiary to Imperial Diet (SP 44/147; Dip. Rep., 41).

Tilson, George Clerk (Jersey) (?)-June 1700; (Vernon) Nov. 1700-May 1702; (Nottingham) May 1702-1703. Under Secretary (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Sept. 1710; (St. John/Bolingbroke) Sept. 1710-Aug. 1714; (Townshend) Sept. 1714-Dec. 1716; (Methuen) Dec. 1716-April 1717; (Sunderland) April 1717-March 1718; (Stan- hope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Townshend) Feb. 1721-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-17 Nov. 1738.
-, Collector of State Papers 20 Jan. 1725-17 Nov. 1738.
-, Clerk to Jersey June 1700; pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Jersey's res. from 24 June to 24 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 65); transferred to Vernon's service Nov. 1700; pd. from 29 Sept. 1700 to 25 March 1702 and on 1 May for quarter to 24 June 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 f. 70; 40786 ff. 35, 37); occ. as Clerk to Nottingham 1702 (Compleat History (1702), 69). Left office 1703 on app. as Secretary to Lord Raby, Envoy to Prussia (CTB, xxi, 261; Dip. Rep., 104). App. Under Secretary by Boyle Feb. 1708 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 267), by St. John Sept. 1710 (ibid. 635), by Townshend Sept. 1714 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1714-16), i, 5), by Methuen Dec. 1716 (Hist. MSS Comm. Polwarth, i, 169), by Sunderland April 1717 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1717), ii, 20); occ. as Under Secretary to Stanhope from 3 May 1718 to 21 April 1719 (SP 44/120 pp. 328, 463), to Townshend from 28 Feb. 1721 (SP 44/122 p. 11); received fees as Under Secretary to Townshend to May 1730 (SP 45/26), to Harrington from June 1730 (ibid.). App. Collector of State Papers 20 Jan. 1725 (C 66/3557). D. 17 Nov. 1738 (date of death recited in grant of office of Collector of State Papers to Weston and Stone 18 May 1739).

Tirel Morin see Morin

Tomlin, George Embellisher of Letters c. 1662-7.
-, Occ. from 15 Oct. 1662 to 21 Dec. 1667 (CSPD 1661-2, 518; CSPD 1667-8, 101).

Tooke, Charles Clerk (Nottingham) c. 1704.
-, Occ. 1704 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1704), 530).

Topham, John Methodiser of State Papers 30 April 1781-7 March 1800.
-, App. 30 April 1781 (T 52/69 pp. 374-5; T 52/78 pp. 55-7). Office abolished 7 March 1800 (T 52/85 pp. 473-4).

Townshend, Charles (Townshend) 2nd Viscount Secretary of State (North) 17 Sept. 1714-12 Dec. 1716; 6 Feb. 1721-16 May 1730.
-, App. 17 Sept. 1714 (CTB, xxix, 335). Left office 12 Dec. 1716 (ibid. xxx, 591).
-, App. 6 Feb. 1721 (T 53/29 pp. 3-4). Left office 16 May 1730 (CTBP 1729-30, 606).

Townshend, Hon. Thomas Under Secretary (Viscount Townshend) April 1724- Sept. 1729.
-, App. by Viscount Townshend April 1724 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1724), ix, 20- 'William Townshend'). Left office Sept. 1729 (ibid. (1729), xiii, 53; SP 45/26).

Trenchard, Sir John, kt. Secretary of State (North) 23 March-Nov. 1693; (Sole) Nov. 1693-March 1694; (South) March 1694-27 April 1695.
-, App. 23 March 1693 (PC 2/75 p. 115). D. 27 April 1695 (J. Hutchins, The History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset, 3rd ed. (1861-70), i, 182).

Trevor, Sir John, kt. Secretary of State (North) 29 Sept. 1668-28 May 1672.
-, App. 29 Sept. 1668 (PC 2/61 p. 44). D. 28 May 1672 (G. Lipscomb, The History and Antiquities of the County of Buckingham (London 1847), ii, 297).

Trevor, Hon. Robert Clerk (Townshend) Nov. 1729-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-c. 1733.
-, App. by Townshend notified 28 Nov. 1729 (SP 44/122 p. 377); occ. as Clerk to Harrington from 10 June 1730 to 27 Sept. 1732 (T 52/37 pp. 122, 469) and 1735 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1735), pt. ii, 43). Probably left office 1733 on app. as Secretary to Horatio Walpole, Envoy to United Provinces (Dip. Rep., 163-4).

Trumbull, William Clerk of Signet 1660-78.
-, Grant in reversion 11 Nov. 1635 (C 66/2693); probably entered office Aug. 1660 (CSPD 1660-1, 245). D. by 29 March 1678 (CSPD 1678, 382-3).

Trumbull, William (ktd. 21 Nov. 1684) Clerk of Signet 15 Jan. 1683-13 Feb. 1716.
-, Secretary of State (North) 3 May 1695-1 Dec. 1697.
-, Grant of clerkship of signet in reversion 13 June 1664 (C 66/3061); succ. 15 Jan. 1683 (d. of Warwick); admitted 16 Jan. 1683 (CSPD Jan.-June 1683, 16). Surren- dered office 13 Feb. 1716 (surrender recited in grant to Alexander). App. Secretary of State 3 May 1695 (PC 2/76 p. 129). Left office 1 Dec. 1697 (Trumbull Add. MS 125 f. 20).

Tucker, John Clerk (?) 1685; (Shrewsbury) Feb. 1689-June 1690. (?) Chief Clerk (Sydney) Dec. 1690-March 1692. Under Secretary (Trenchard) July 1694-April 1695; (Trumbull) May 1695-Dec. 1697; (Hedges) Nov. 1700-Dec. 1701; May 1702-Dec. 1706.
-, Keeper of State Paper 16 July 1702-18 Nov. 1714.
-, Probably serving as a Clerk in one of the offices 30 Nov. 1685 (Hist. MSS Comm. Downshire, i, 64); occ. as Clerk to Shrewsbury July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13). App. Clerk, possibly Chief Clerk, by Sydney Dec. 1690 (CSPD 1690-1, 195). App. Under Secretary by Trenchard probably July 1694 in succession to Bridgeman; serving as such April 1695 on d. of Trenchard (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iii, 468); app. Under Secretary by Trumbull May 1695 (ibid.), by Hedges Nov. 1700 (ibid. iv, 705), May 1702 (ibid. v, 169). App. Keeper of State Papers 16 July 1702 (C 66/ 3432). Grant determined 18 Nov. 1714 (app. of H. Howard).

Tully, Richard Interpreter of Oriental Languages Jan. 1794-July 1802.
-, Pd. from 5 Jan. 1794 to 5 July 1802 (HO 82/3). D. c. 5 July 1802 (ibid.).

Turfery, Elizabeth Necessary Woman (Harrington) c. 1745-Oct. 1746; (Chester- field) Oct. 1746-Feb. 1748; (Bedford) 1748.
-, Occ. as Necessary Woman to Harrington 1745 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1745), pt. ii, 32); probably continued in office by Chesterfield; occ. as Necessary Woman to Bedford 1748 (ibid. (1748), pt. ii, 52). D. by 8 Dec. 1748 (Prob 11/766 f. 382).

Turner, John Office Keeper (Shrewsbury) c. 1697-Dec. 1698; (Jersey) May 1699- June 1700; (Vernon) Nov. 1700-May 1702.
-, Occ. as Office Keeper to Shrewsbury 5 Aug. 1697 (BM Add. MS 35107 f. 43); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Shrewsbury's res. from 25 Dec. 1698 to 25 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 34); probably continued in office by Jersey May 1699; in his service 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Jersey's res. from 24 June to 24 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 65); transferred to Vernon's service Nov. 1700; pd. from 29 Sept. 1700 to 25 March 1702 and on 1 May 1702 for quarter to 24 June 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 f. 71; 40786 ff. 35, 37). Not continued in office by Nottingham May 1702 (Compleat History (1702), 69).

Turner, (?) John Office Keeper (Queensberry) c. 1710; (Roxburghe) Dec. 1716- Aug. 1725.
-, Occ. as Office Keeper to Queensberry 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1710), 515-'Mr. Turner'); app. by Roxburghe probably Dec. 1716; occ. 1718, 1723 (ibid. (1718), pt. ii, 31; ibid. (1723), 484-'F. Turner'), 1726 (sic) (ibid. (1726), pt. ii, 29-'John Turner').

Turner, Richard Office Keeper (Newcastle) Jan. 1752-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Rochford) Dec. 1770-Nov. 1775; (Suffolk) Nov. 1775-March 1779; (Stormont) Oct. 1779-March 1782.
-, His deputy, Ancell, received his fees as Office Keeper to Newcastle from Jan. 1752 (SP 45/27); occ. as Office Keeper to Newcastle to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1754), 106), to Holdernesse from 1755 to 1761 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 52-3; Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (Court and City Reg. (1762), 106); probably continued in office by Grenville; occ. as Office Keeper to Halifax from 1763 to 1765 (ibid. (1763), 106; ibid. (1765), 110), to Seymour Conway from 1766 to 1768 (ibid. (1766), 107; Royal Kal. (1768), 118), to Weymouth from 1769 to 1771 (sic) (Royal Kal. (1769), 117; ibid. (1771), 115); probably became Office Keeper to Rochford on his transfer to Southern Department Dec. 1770 and to Suffolk on Weymouth's app. as Secretary of State Nov. 1775; occ. as Office Keeper to Rochford from 1772 to 1775 (ibid. (1772), 115; ibid. (1775), 107), to Suffolk from 1776 to 1779 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1779), 109), to Stormont from 1780 to 1782 (ibid. (1780), 110; ibid. (1782), 110). Transferred to Foreign Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 32).

Tweeddale, John (Hay) 4th Marquess of Secretary of State (Scotland) 25 Feb. 1742-4 Jan. 1746.
-, App. 25 Feb. 1742 (T 53/41 p. 41). Left office 4 Jan. 1746 (T 53/42 p. 195).

Umby see Ombee

Vanbrugh, Kendrick Clerk (Vernon) c. 1698-Nov. 1700; (Hedges) Nov. 1700- Dec. 1701; (Manchester) Jan.-May 1702; (Hedges) c. 1702.
-, Pd. as Clerk to Vernon from 2 June 1698 to 5 Nov. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 20, 66); occ. as Clerk to Hedges 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109), to Manchester 1701 (sic) (Compleat History (1701), 98), to Hedges 1702 (ibid. (1702), 69-'Henry Vanbrug').

Venables, Thomas Deputy Clerk of Signet 1816-25 June 1837.
-, Deputy to Bentinck and Gage; probably app. 1816 in succession to Pollock; occ. from 1817 to June 1837 (Royal Kal. (1817), 147; SO 5/43). D. 25 June 1837 (Burke, Landed Gentry (1952), 2597).

Vernon, James Under Secretary (Shrewsbury) Feb. 1689-June 1690; (Trenchard) March 1693-March 1694; (Shrewsbury) March 1694-Dec. 1697. Secretary of State (North) 2 Dec. 1697-Dec. 1698; (Sole) Dec. 1698-May 1699; (North) May 1699- June 1700; (Sole) June-Nov. 1700; (South) Nov. 1700-Jan. 1702; (North) Jan.- 1 May 1702.
-, App. Under Secretary by Shrewsbury probably Feb. 1689; occ. as such July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13); app. Under Secretary by Trenchard March 1693 (BM Add. MS 34096 f. 322; Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iii, 66), by Shrewsbury March 1694 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iii, 279; CSPD 1695, 243). App. Secretary of State 2 Dec. 1697 (CSPD 1697, 497-8). Left office 1 May 1702 (CTB, xviii, 228).

Vernon, James (?) Chief Clerk (Shrewsbury) Nov. 1697-(?).
-, 'Young Mr. Vernon'; probably identical with the younger James Vernon. App. Clerk, possibly Chief Clerk, by Shrewsbury in succession to Bernard Nov. 1697 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iv, 301); no further occ.

Vic see de Vic

Vrigny see de Lacombe de Vrigny

Wace, Francis Clerk (Harrington) April 1745-Oct. 1746; (Chesterfield) Oct. 1746- Feb. 1748; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762- Sept. 1763. Senior Clerk (Halifax) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-March 1779; (Stormont) Oct. 1779-c. 27 July 1780.
-, Deputy Writer of Gazette c. 1770-c. 27 July 1780.
-, Acted temporarily as Clerk during Harrington's journey to Hanover from 6 May to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/41 p. 350); app. as Clerk by Harrington notified 3 April 1745 (SP 44/129 p. 382); presence in office as Clerk to Chesterfield notified 21 Nov. 1746 (ibid. p. 428); occ. as Clerk to Bedford from 1748 to 1751 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1748), pt. ii, 52; Court and City Reg. (1751), 108), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1752), 107-8; ibid. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202). Presence in office notified as Senior Clerk to Halifax 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 302-3, 407), to Seymour Conway 15 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 67), to Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (ibid. 293), to Sandwich 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103), to Halifax 22 Jan., 20 March 1771 (ibid. 193, 225), to Suffolk 12 June 1771, 2 Oct. 1772 (ibid. 265, 556), to Stormont 9 Nov. 1779 (FO 366/669 p. 16). Occ. as Deputy Writer of Gazette from 1770 to 1780 (Royal Kal. (1770), 116; ibid. (1780), 110). D. by 27 July 1780 (FO 366/669 p. 27; LC 3/67 p. 119; Prob 6/156).

Wace, John Clerk (Dartmouth) April 1711-Aug. 1713; (Bromley) Aug. 1713-Sept. 1714; (Stanhope) Sept. 1714-April 1717. Chief Clerk (Sunderland) April 1717- March 1718; (Stanhope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Townshend) Feb. 1721-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-19 March 1745.
-, Deputy Keeper of State Papers c. 1718-19 March 1745.
-, App. as Clerk by Dartmouth notified 26 April 1711 (SP 44/110 p. 8); probably continued in office by Bromley; occ. as Clerk to Stanhope 1716 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1716), 528). App. Chief Clerk by Sunderland April 1717 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1717), ii, 20); occ. as Chief Clerk to Stanhope from 6 May to 14 Nov. 1719 (acting Under Secretary) (T 52/29 p. 403; T 52/30 p. 16), to Townshend from 30 May 1723 to 13 Sept. 1729 (T 52/32 p. 361; T 52/36 p. 403), to Harrington from 10 June 1730 to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/37 p. 122; T 52/41 p. 350), to Carteret 1743 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1743), pt. ii, 32), to Harrington 1745 (ibid. (1745), pt. ii, 32). Occ. as Deputy Keeper of State Papers from 1718 to 1745 (Miège, Present State (1718), pt. i, 362; Chamberlayne, Present State (1745), pt. ii, 32). D. 19 March 1745 (Gent. Mag. (1745), xv, 164).

Waite, Thomas Law Clerk 10 Feb. 1743-4 Aug. 1747.
-, App. 10 Feb. 1743 (C 66/3612). Grant determined 4 Aug. 1747 (app. of L. Stanhope). App. Secretary to Lords Justices, Ireland June 1747 (Gent. Mag. (1747), xvii, 297).

Wallace, James Clerk (Chesterfield) Feb. 1747-Feb. 1748; (Newcastle) Feb. 1748- June 1751. Under Secretary (Newcastle) June 1751-March 1754; (Holdernesse) March 1754-c. April 1759.
-, Translator of German Language Sept. 1748-March 1772.
-, App. as Clerk by Chesterfield notified 27 Feb. 1748 (SP 44/129 p. 431); occ. as Clerk to Newcastle from 10 May 1748 to 4 Nov. 1750 (T 52/44 p. 372; T 52/46 p. 324). App. Under Secretary by Newcastle June 1751 in succession to Amyand; received fees from July 1751 to March 1754 (SP 45/27); app. Under Secretary by Holdernesse March 1754 (Gent. Mag. (1754), xxiv, 143); last occ. as such 1759 (Court and City Reg. (1759), 106). Probably left office c. April 1759 (Grenville Papers, ed. W. J. Smith (London 1852-3), i, 290-1; Notes and Queries, cxcix (1954), 62). App. Translator of German Language Sept. 1748 (Bedford Correspondence, ed. Lord J. Russell (London 1842-6), i, 526; T 53/43 p. 377). D. March 1772 (Correspondence of George III, ed. Sir J. Fortescue (London 1927-8), iii, 38; Prob 6/148).

Wallis, John Decipherer April 1701-28 Oct. 1703.
-, App. April 1701 (CTB, xvi, 243). D. 28 Oct. 1703 (MI St. Mary's Oxford).

Walpole, Horatio Under Secretary (Boyle) Feb. 1708-Sept. 1710; Townshend) Sept. 1714-Oct. 1715.
-, App. by Boyle Feb. 1708 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, vi, 267), by Townshend Sept. 1714 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1714-16), i, 5). Left office Oct. 1715 on app. as Secretary to Treasury (ibid. 70).

Walpole, Robert Secretary of State (acting for Northern and Southern Depart- ments) 29 May-31 Dec. 1723.
-, App. 29 May 1723 (T 53/30 p. 407). Left office 31 Dec. 1723 (T 53/31 p. 19).

Walsh, Frederick Thomas Clerk (Germain) c. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Germain 1782 (Royal Kal. (1782), 110); continued in office by Ellis. Left office March 1782 on abolition of Colonial Department (T 1/579 Schedule 2).

Ward, Alexander Office Keeper (Carteret) c. 1723-April 1724; (Newcastle) April 1724-c. March 1750.
-, Pd. as Office Keeper to Carteret from 29 Sept. 1723 to 3 April 1724 (MS Rawlin- son C 367), to Newcastle from 4 April 1724 to 24 June 1733 (MSS Rawlinson C 367, 123); received fees to March 1750 (SP 45/27). D. by 13 June 1750 (Prob 11/ 780 f. 217).

Warre, Richard Under Secretary (Williamson) (?) Sept. 1676-Feb. 1679; (Preston) Nov.-Dec. 1688; (Nottingham) March 1689-Nov. 1693; May 1702-April 1704; (Harley) May 1704-Feb. 1708; (Dartmouth) June 1710-Aug. 1713.
-, The occ. of 'Mr. Warre' in association with Bridgeman 5 Sept. 1678 (CSPD 1678, 393) probably indicates that he was Under Secretary at that date; possibly app. by Williamson Sept. 1676 in succession to Brisbane; app. Under Secretary by Preston Nov. 1688 (Ellis Corr., ii, 287), by Nottingham March 1689 (BM Add. MS 45731 f. 122), May 1702 (Post Man no. 964; Luttrell, Hist. Relation, v, 169), by Harley May 1704 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, v, 426), by Dartmouth June 1710 (ibid. vi, 595).

Warwick, Sir Philip, kt. Clerk of Signet Nov. 1638-15 Jan. 1683.
-, Grant in reversion 23 Aug. 1632 (C 66/2612); admitted 13 Nov. 1638 (CSPD 1638-9, 103). D. 15 Jan. 1683 (Gent. Mag. (1790), lx (2), 781).

Watkins, Fleetwood Clerk (Jersey) c. 1700.
-, Occ. 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502).

Welby, Adlard Clerk (Trenchard) c. 1694. Chief Clerk (Vernon) Dec. 1697-May 1698. Clerk (Vernon) May 1698-March 1699. Chief Clerk (Vernon) March 1699-May 1702.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Trenchard 1694 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1694), 243). His signature (BM Add. MS 40784 f. 75) indicates that he was the person responsible for keeping Vernon's accounts as Secretary of State; kept accounts of fees from 1697 to 1698 (BM Add. MS 40783) and from 1699 to 1702 (BM Add. MS 40784) and of receipts and expenditure from 1697 to 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785, 40786). Received fees of Vernon's office, probably as his Chief Clerk, from 8 Dec. 1697 to 31 May 1698 when this function devolved upon A. Stanyan (BM Add. MS 40785 ff. 1, 12). Received salary as one of Vernon's junior Clerks from 2 June 1698 to 2 June 1699 (ibid. ff. 30, 38). Again received fees of Vernon's office, probably as Chief Clerk in succession to A. Stanyan, from 30 March 1699 to 1 May 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 f. 34; 40786 f. 36). Occ. as Chief Clerk to Vernon 1701 (Miège, New State (1701), pt. iii, 109).

West, Gilbert Clerk (Townshend) Sept. 1726-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730- c. 1735.
-, App. by Townshend notified 16 Sept. 1726 (SP 44/122 p. 307); occ. as Clerk to Townshend to 13 Sept. 1729 (T 52/36 p. 403), to Harrington from 10 June 1730 to 1735 (T 52/37 p. 122; Chamberlayne, Present State (1735), pt. ii, 43).

Weston, - Clerk (Dartmouth) c. 1711.
-, Occ. 1711 (Boyer, Political State (1711), 377).

Weston, Edward Under Secretary (Townshend) Sept. 1729-May 1730; (Harrington) May 1730-Feb. 1742; (Carteret/Granville) Feb. 1742-Nov. 1744; (Harrington) Nov. 1744-Oct. 1746; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-May 1764.
-, Clerk of Signet 13 Nov. 1729-15 July 1770.
-, Collector of State Papers 18 May 1739-4 Jan. 1742.
-, Writer of Gazette 22 Nov. 1741-15 July 1770.
-, App. Under Secretary by Townshend Sept. 1729 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1729), xiv, 53); received fees as Under Secretary to Townshend to May 1730 and to Harrington from June 1730 (SP 45/26); occ. as Under Secretary to Harrington to 20 Oct. 1741 (T 52/41 p. 350), to Carteret 1743 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1743), pt. ii, 32), to Harrington from 1 May to 31 Aug. 1745 (T 52/43 pp. 134, 213). Left office Oct. 1746 on app. as Chief Secretary to Lord Lieutenant, Ireland (SP 44/129 p. 428). App. Under Secretary by Bute March 1761 (Gent. Mag. (1761), xxxi, 189); app. as Under Secretary notified by Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), by Halifax 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202). Left office between 30 April and 10 May 1764 (ibid. 407, 410). App. Clerk of Signet 13 Nov. 1729 (C 66/3578); held office until d. App. Collector of State Papers 18 May 1739 (C 66/3600, 3606). Left office by 4 Jan. 1742 (app. of Couraud and Ramsden). App. Writer of Gazette 22 Nov. 1741 (C 66/3611); held office until d. D. 15 July 1770 (SO 5/3).

Weston, Francis Clerk (Grenville) July-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-c. 1763.
-, App. by Grenville notified 16 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 190); presence in office as Clerk to Halifax notified 8 Nov. 1762 (ibid. 202); last occ. 1763 (Court and City Reg. (1763), 106).

Weston, Henry Clerk (Shrewsbury) (?)-Dec. 1698; (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700; (Vernon) Nov. 1700-May 1702.
-, Clerk to Shrewsbury Dec. 1698; pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Shrewsbury's res. from 25 Dec. 1698 to 25 March 1699 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 34); occ. as Clerk to Jersey 1700 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1700), 502); pd. by Vernon during vacancy following Jersey's res. from 24 June to 24 Sept. 1700 (BM Add. MS 40785 f. 66); transferred to Vernon's service Nov. 1700; pd. from 29 Sept. 1700 to 25 March 1702 and on 1 May 1702 for quarter to 24 June 1702 (BM Add. MSS 40785 f. 70; 40786 ff. 35, 37). Not continued in office by Nottingham May 1702 (Compleat History (1702), 69).

Weymouth, Thomas (Thynne) 3rd Viscount Secretary of State (North) 20 Jan.- Oct. 1768; (South) Oct. 1768-19 Dec. 1770; 10 Nov. 1775-March 1779; (Sole) March-25 Nov. 1779.
-, App. 20 Jan. 1768 (T 53/50 p. 496). Left office 19 Dec. 1770 (T 53/52 p. 54). App. 10 Nov. 1775 (T 53/53 p. 350). Left office 25 Nov. 1779 (T 53/54 p. 194).

Whately, Thomas Under Secretary (Suffolk) June 1771-26 May 1772.
-, App. by Suffolk notified 12 June 1771 (CHOP 1770-2, 265). D. 26 May 1772 (Gent. Mag. (1772), xlii, 247).

White, John Office Keeper (Chesterfield) c. 1746-8; (Bedford) Feb. 1748-June 1751; (Holdernesse) June 1751-March 1754; (Robinson) March 1754-Nov. 1755; (Fox) Nov. 1755-Nov. 1756; (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761-Aug. 1763; (Sandwich) Sept. 1763-July 1765; (Grafton) July 1765-May 1766; (Rich- mond) May-July 1766; (Shelburne) July 1766-c. 1768.
-, App. by Chesterfield c. 1746-8 (Thomson, Secretaries of State, 180); occ. as Office Keeper to Bedford from 1748 to 1751 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1748), pt. ii, 52; Court and City Reg. (1751), 108-9), to Holdernesse from 1752 to 1754 (Court and City Reg. (1752), 107-8; ibid. (1754), 106-7), to Robinson from 1755 to 1756 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1755), pt. ii, 53; Court and City Reg. (1756), 107-8); probably continued in office by Fox; occ. as Office Keeper to Pitt from 1757 to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1757), 106-7; ibid. (1761), 106); pd. as Office Keeper to Egremont from 10 Oct. 1761 to 5 July 1763 (PRO 30/47/37/1-7); occ. as Office Keeper to Sandwich from 1764 to 1765 (Court and City Reg. (1764), 106; ibid. (1765) 110), to Grafton 1766 (ibid. (1766), 107); probably continued in office by Richmond; occ. as Office Keeper to Shelburne from 1766 to 1768 (Shelburne MS 134 p. 119; Royal Kal. (1768), 117).

Whittaker, - Clerk (Sunderland) c. 1708-10.
-, Occ. from 1708 to 1710 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1708), 585; ibid. (1710), 515-16; SP 34/12 f. 165).

Whittaker, Charles Under Secretary (Nicholas) May 1660-Oct. 1662.
-, App. by Nicholas probably May 1660; occ. from 2 June 1660 to 18 Aug. 1662 (CSPD 1660-1, 36; CSPD 1661-2, 463).

Widdows, - Clerk (Middleton) c. 1684.
-, Occ. as 'Writing Clerk' 1684 (Evans, Principal Secretary, 193).

Wiggs, John Clerk (Newcastle) April 1724-Dec. 1726.
-, App. by Newcastle notified 29 April 1724 (SP 44/147); pd. from 4 April 1724 to 25 Dec. 1726 (MS Rawlinson C 367).

Wilkinson, Montagu Clerk of Signet 15 July 1770-June 1797.
-, Grant in reversion 27 April 1767 (C 66/3712); succ. 15 July 1770 (d. of E. Weston). D. June 1797 (Gent. Mag. (1797), lxvii (2), 616).

Willes, Edward (app. Bishop of St. Davids 1742; of Bath and Wells 1743) Deci- pherer June 1716-24 Nov. 1773.
-, App. June 1716 (CTB, xxx, 252); remained in office until d. (Correspondence of George III, ed. Sir J. Fortescue (London 1927-8), iii, 38). D. 24 Nov. 1773 (Gent. Mag. (1773), xliii, 582).

Willes, Edward Decipherer c. 1741-c. 1804.
-, App. c. 1741 (1st Rept. on Fees, 35); last occ. 7 Jan. 1804 (BM Add. MS 38358 f. 24).

Willes, Edward Decipherer (?)-25 Sept. 1793.
-, Res. 25 Sept. 1793 (BM Add. MS 45519 f. 66).

Willes, Francis (ktd. 11 Aug. 1784) Decipherer c. 1763-c. 1807.
-, Under Secretary (Rochford) Oct. 1772-Nov. 1775.
-, Began service as unpaid Decipherer c. 1758 (BM Add. MS 45519 ff. 58-9); first occ. in receipt of salary 5 April 1763 (L. B. Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III, 2nd ed. (London 1960), 193); last occ. as Decipherer 2 Sept. 1807 (BM Add. MS 45519 f. 110). App. as Under Secretary by Rochford notified 4 Oct. 1772 (CHOP 1770-2, 557).

Willes, Francis Decipherer c. 1801-1 Oct. 1844.
-, First occ. 24 May 1801 (BM Add. MS 38357 f. 64). Office abolished 1 Oct. 1844 (ibid. 45520 ff. 53-4).

Willes, William Decipherer Sept. 1744-c. 1761.
-, Pd. from 29 Sept. 1744 (T 53/41 p. 466); last occ. 6 Jan. 1761 (PRO 30/8/83, pt. i, Todd to Newcastle, 6 Jan. 1761).

Willes, William Decipherer Oct. 1793-(?).
-, Entered office 10 Oct. 1793 (BM Add. MS 45519 f. 66); no further occ.

Williams see Hanbury Williams

Williams Wynn, Henry Watkin Deputy Clerk of Signet Feb. 1801-c. 1803.
-, App. Deputy to Taylor Feb. 1801 (Ind. 6769); last occ. 1803 (Royal Kal. (1803), 133).

Williamson, Joseph (ktd. 24 Jan. 1672) Under Secretary (Nicholas) July 1660-Oct. 1662; (Bennet/Arlington) Oct. 1662-Sept. 1674. Secretary of State 11 Sept. 1674- c. 10 Feb. 1679.
-, Keeper of State Papers 31 Dec. 1661-3 Oct. 1701.
-, App. Under Secretary by Nicholas July 1660 (CSPD 1660-1, 145); occ. from 30 July 1660 to 12 Oct. 1662 (ibid. 135; CSPD 1661-2, 513); continued in office by Bennet; occ. from 15 Oct. 1662 to 9 Sept. 1674 (CSPD 1661-2, 518; CSPD 1673-5, 347). App. Secretary of State 11 Sept. 1674 (PC 2/64 p. 272). Left office by 10 Feb. 1679 (app. of Sunderland). App. Keeper of State Papers 31 Dec. 1661 (C 66/2980). D. 3 Oct. 1701 (Westminster Abbey Registers, ed. J. L. Chester (London 1876), 249).

Williamson, Robert Deputy Clerk of Signet c. 1682-9.
-, Occ. from 1682 to July 1689 (Chamberlayne, Present State (1682), pt. i, 194; LS 13/231 p. 14).

Wilmot, Eardley Clerk (Dartmouth) c. 1775; (Germain) Nov. 1775-Feb. 1782; (Ellis) Feb.-March 1782.
-, Clerk of Signet June 1797-2 Jan. 1801.
-, Occ. as Clerk to Dartmouth 1775 (Royal Kal. (1775), 107), to Germain from 1776 to 1782 (ibid. (1776), 109; ibid. (1782), 110), to Ellis March 1782 (T 1/579 Schedule 2). Transferred to Home Office March 1782 (1st Rept. on Fees, 23). Grant of clerk- ship of signet in reversion 15 July 1783 (C 66/3799); succ. June 1797 (d. of Wilkin- son). D. 2 Jan. 1801 (Gent. Mag. (1801), lxxi (1), 90).

Windebanke, Sir Thomas, 1st Bart. Clerk of Signet c. 1645-74.
-, Grant in reversion 25 April 1633 (C 66/2631); succ. between 5 Aug. 1641 (grant of reversion to Bere) and 17 Dec. 1645 (W. H. Black, Docquets of Letters Patent 1642-6 (London 1837), 411); failed to make good his claim to execute office at Restoration; following trial at law Bere authorised by order in council to continue to perform duties 3 Sept. 1662 (PC 2/56 p. 123). Ceased to be formally in possession of office between 12 June 1674 (grant of reversion to Gauntlet) and 2 May 1678 (grant of reversion to W. Cooke).

Wood, Robert Under Secretary (Pitt) Dec. 1756-Oct. 1761; (Egremont) Oct. 1761- Aug. 1763; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770.
-, App. notified by Pitt 17 Dec. 1756 (SP 44/136 p. 399), by Egremont 13 Oct. 1761 (CHOP 1760-5, 70), by Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (CHOP 1766-9, 293).

Woodeson, George Deputy Clerk of Signet c. 1682-6 July 1716.
-, Clerk (Trumbull) 1695-Feb. 1696.
-, Occ. as Deputy Clerk of Signet from 1682 to d. (Chamberlayne, Present State (1682), pt. i, 194; Trumbull Add. MS 90). D. 6 July 1716 (Hist. Reg. Chron. (1714- 1716), i, 64). Pd. as Clerk to Trumbull from 3 Nov. 1695 to 3 Feb. 1696 (Trumbull Add. MS 113).

Woodward, George Clerk (Sunderland) Dec. 1717-March 1718; (Stanhope) March 1718-Feb. 1721; (Townshend) Feb. 1721-c. Nov. 1726.
-, App. by Sunderland; pd. as Clerk to Sunderland from Dec. 1717 to March 1718 (Sunderland MS D 1/36), to Stanhope from 29 Sept. 1718 to 29 Sept. 1720 (Stan- hope MS 76); occ. as Clerk to Townshend from 1723 to 9 Jan. 1726 (Miège, Present State (1723), 69; T 52/33 p. 366; T 52/34 pp. 14, 82). Probably left office Nov. 1726 on app. as Secretary to Embassy to Empire (Dip. Rep., 35).

Wright, James Clerk (Holdernesse) c. 1755-March 1761; (Bute) March 1761-May 1762; (Grenville) June-Oct. 1762; (Halifax) Oct. 1762-July 1765; (Seymour Conway) July 1765-Jan. 1768; (Weymouth) Jan. 1768-Dec. 1770; (Sandwich) Dec. 1770-Jan. 1771; (Halifax) Jan.-June 1771; (Suffolk) June 1771-Oct. 1772. Senior Clerk (Suffolk) Oct. 1772-c. 1779.
-, First occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse 21 April 1755 (T 52/47 pp. 101-2); app. as such notified 9 May 1757 (SP 44/148); occ. as Clerk to Holdernesse to 1761 (Court and City Reg. (1761), 106), to Bute 1762 (ibid. (1762), 106); presence in office notified as Clerk to Grenville 12 July 1762 (CHOP 1760-5, 189), to Halifax 8 Nov. 1762, 13 Sept. 1763, 30 April 1764 (ibid. 202, 302-3, 407), to Seymour Conway 15 Aug. 1766 (CHOP 1766-9, 67), to Weymouth 20 Jan. 1768 (ibid. 293), to Sandwich 21 Dec. 1770 (CHOP 1770-2, 103), to Halifax 22 Jan., 20 March 1771 (ibid. 193, 225), to Suffolk 12 June 1771, 2 Oct. 1772 (ibid. 265, 556). Probably app. Senior Clerk Oct. 1772 in succession to R. Shadwell; occ. as Senior Clerk to Suffolk from 1773 to 1779 (Royal Kal. (1773), 115; ibid. (1779), 109). Left office by 9 Nov. 1779 (FO 366/669 p. 16).

Wright, William Office Keeper (Shrewsbury) c. 1689.
-, Occ., probably as Office Keeper, July 1689 (LS 13/231 p. 13).

Wynn see Williams Wynn

Wynne, Owen Under Secretary (Jenkins) April 1680-April 1684; (Godolphin) April- Aug. 1684; (Middleton) Aug. 1684-Dec. 1688; (Shrewsbury) Feb.-Sept. 1689.
-, App. Under Secretary by Jenkins probably April 1680; occ. as such from 24 May 1681 to 2 March 1684 (CSPD 1680-1, 292; CSPD 1683-4, 303); continued in office by Godolphin (Evans, Principal Secretary, 192), by Middleton (ibid.; Ellis Corr., ii, 287), by Shrewsbury (LS 13/231 p. 13). Dis. Sept. 1689 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, i, 579-80).

Yard, Robert Clerk (Arlington) c. 1668-Sept. 1674; (Williamson) Sept. 1674-Feb. 1679; (Sunderland) Feb. 1679-Feb. 1681; (Conway) Feb. 1681-Jan. 1683; (Sun- derland) Jan. 1683-Oct. 1688; (?) (Middleton or Preston) Oct.-Dec. 1688. (?) Chief Clerk (Shrewsbury) Feb. 1689-June 1690; (Nottingham) June 1690-Nov. 1693. Under Secretary (Shrewsbury) March 1694-Dec. 1698; (Jersey) May 1699-June 1700; (Vernon) Nov. 1700-May 1702.
-, Writer of Gazette c. 1673-May 1702.
-, Clerk in Arlington's office attached to Williamson; later Clerk to Williamson as Secretary of State; occ. from 29 Feb. 1668 to 12 Feb. 1679 (CSPD 1667-8, 255; CSPD 1679-80, 81); probably continued in office by Sunderland; occ. as Clerk to Conway from 17 Jan. to 9 June 1682 (BM Add. MS 37983 ff. 24, 210); probably continued in office by Sunderland; his newsletters from 23 Nov. 1685 to 4 Jan. 1686 (Hist. MSS Comm. Downshire, i, 56, 93) were probably written as Clerk to Sunder- land; possibly continued in office by Middleton or Preston. App. Clerk, possibly Chief Clerk, by Shrewsbury Feb. 1689; heads list of his Clerks July 1689 (LS 13/ 231 p. 13); probably became Chief Clerk to Nottingham on Shrewsbury's res. June 1690; heads list of his Clerks 1694 (sic) (Chamberlayne, Present State (1694), 243); his newsletters from 7 Nov. 1690 to 30 May 1693 (Hist. MSS Comm. Downshire, i, 363, 367; CSPD 1691-2, 194, 492; BM Add. MS 34096 ff. 44, 395) were probably written while in Nottingham's service. App. Under Secretary by Shrewsbury March 1694 (CSPD 1695, 243), by Jersey May 1699 (Luttrell, Hist. Relation, iv, 517), by Vernon Nov. 1700 (ibid. 705). The report of his app. as Under Secretary by Nottingham May 1702 (ibid. vi, 169) is inaccurate. App. Writer of Gazette by 13 June 1673 (Letters to Sir Joseph Williamson 1673-4, ed. W. D. Christie (Camden 2nd ser., viii, ix, 1874), i, 30); last occ. 24 April 1702 (CTB, xvii, 196). Probably left office May 1702 at same time as he ceased to be Under Secretary.

Zolman, Philip Henry Translator of German Language July 1735-Aug. 1748.
-, App. July 1735 (CTBP 1735-8, 37). D. Aug. 1748 (T 53/42 p. 377).