Treasurers and Commissioners of the Treasury 1660—1870

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1972

Supporting documents

Pages

16-25

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'Treasurers and Commissioners of the Treasury 1660—1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 1: Treasury Officials 1660-1870 (1972), pp. 16-25. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16739 Date accessed: 20 September 2014.


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Treasurers and Commissioners of the Treasury 1660-1870

There were formerly two distinct offices of Treasurer. (fn. 1) One was that of Lord High Treasurer, a great office of state, which was conferred by the delivery of a white staff; the other was that of Treasurer of the Exchequer which was granted during pleasure by letters patent under the great seal. When the Treasury was held by an individual he was appointed to both offices; when it was in commission that of Lord High Treasurer lapsed. On entering office the Treasurer took oaths in the courts of Chancery and the Exchequer. (fn. 2) No such formalities were observed in the case of Commissioners. In 1660 the authority of the Treasury covered England and Wales. It was extended to Scotland in 1707 and to Ireland in 1817 when provision was made for the office granted by letters patent to be known as that of Treasurer of the Exchequer of Great Britain and Lord High Treasurer of Ireland and the Commissioners as Commissioners of the Treasury of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (fn. 3)

On six occasions between 1660 and 1714 the office of Treasurer was held by individuals. During the same period it was in commission for rather more than half the time. It has invariably been so since 1714. The commission appointed in 1660 conformed to an earlier pattern and was composed of nine senior Privy Counsellors. In 1667 a new practice was introduced. Thereafter a small number of Commissioners were appointed, not all of whom were necessarily members of the Council. The number was in principle fixed at five between 1667 and 1807. In 1807 provision was made for the Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer to be appointed an additional Commissioner without salary. (fn. 4) In 1817 the offices of English and Irish Chancellor were united and two additional Irish Commissioners were appointed. (fn. 5) The total number of Commissioners was seven from 1817 to 1823 after which the place of one of the Irish Commissioners was not filled. In 1848 their number was reduced from six to five. (fn. 6) It was again raised to six in December 1868. The quorum of the commission varied until 1684. It was fixed at three from that year until 1849 when it was reduced to two. (fn. 7)

Formally there was no distinction in the standing of the Treasury Lords. In practice the First Lord acquired an ascendancy over his colleagues from an early date, due to his political prominence and to the fact that he customarily communicated the decisions of the Board to the King. Between 1715 and 1835 it was, except for a brief period in 1743, invariable for the office of First Lord to be combined with that of Chancellor of the Exchequer whenever the holder of the former was drawn from the House of Commons. In the course of time effective authority came to be concentrated in the First Lord and the Chancellor, assisted by the Joint Secretaries. Regular meetings of the Board continued to take place until 1856. However, no lists of Lords present was kept after 1809 and the First Lord and Chancellor ceased to attend after 1827. During the nineteenth century the activities of the Junior Lords within the Treasury were increasingly confined to formalities and their main function became that of assisting the Parliamentary Secretary in the management of the House of Commons as government whips. Down to the end of the period covered by these lists, however, the practice was generally observed of appointing one Junior Lord for Scotland and one for Ireland on the understanding that they would, if occasion arose, assist in the business of those two kingdoms. In 1868 a 'Third Lord' (Stansfeld) with special responsibilities for revenue matters was appointed to relieve the Financial Secretary but this experiment was discontinued in the following year. (fn. 8)

The salary of the Treasurer was £8000. Ordinary Commissioners normally received £1600 each. Payments were made by the Paymaster of the Forces until 1675 and from the Exchequer thereafter. (fn. 9) As the result of an arrangement which apparently originated in 1754 the First Lord enjoyed an additional salary which was designed to provide him with a net income of £5000 a year. (fn. 10) In 1831 the salary of the First Lord was fixed at £5000, or £7500 if he held the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer as well. At the same time the salaries of the Junior Lords were fixed at £1200. They were reduced to £1000 in 1851. A salary of £2000 was attached to the office of Third Lord in 1868. (fn. 11)

In the lists the periods of office of the Commissioners have been dated by reference to the letters patent except in the case of First Lords after 1827. Strictly speaking the authority of the First Lord, like that of the other Commissioners, derived from the letters patent. However, in the course of time, the increasing prominence of the First Lord as the head of the administration resulted in his being nominated appreciably before the other Commissioners were selected and the letters patent could be sealed. The establishment of the precise date when the First Lord took office is a matter of considerable difficulty since he received no seals and took no oath. Eventually the practice of kissing hands on appointment grew up. Before 1827 there is no consistent record of the occasions on which the First Lord kissed hands. After this date it is possible to observe the procedure followed from the Court Circular, published in The Times. It appears that it was the practice for the First Lord to kiss hands on appointment at an audience with the Sovereign immediately before the Council at which his colleagues received their seals of office. It is the date on which this ceremony is explicitly stated to have taken place or on which it can reasonably be inferred to have occurred that has been taken as the date of entry into office of First Lords from 1827. It should be noted that it is not the same as that on which the individual concerned received the Sovereign's command to form an administration which is the date frequently selected for the entry into office of Prime Ministers.

LISTS OF APPOINTMENTS

Treasurers And Commissioners

1660 19 June Hyde, Sir E.; Ormond, Marquess of; Monck, Sir G.; Southampton, Earl of; Robartes, Lord; Colepepper, Lord; Montagu, Sir E.; Nicholas, Sir E.; Morrice, Sir W. (C 66/2931).
1660 8 Sept. Southampton, Earl of (C 66/2949).
1667 24 May Albemarle, Duke of; Ashley, Lord; Clifford, Sir T.; Coventry, Hon. Sir W.; Duncombe, Sir J. (E 403/2463 p. 130).
1669 8 April Albemarle, Duke of; Ashley, Lord; Clifford, Sir T.; Duncombe, Sir J. (C 66/3107).
1672 2 Dec. Clifford of Chudleigh, Lord (C 66/3142).
1673 24 June Osborne, Viscount (E 403/2465 p. 147).
1679 26 March Essex, Earl of; Hyde, Hon. L.; Ernle, Sir J.; Dering, Sir E.; Godolphin, S. (C 66/3215).
1679 21 Nov. Hyde, Hon. L.; Ernle, Sir J.; Dering, Sir E.; Godolphin, S.; Fox, Sir S. (C 66/3209).
1684 24 April Rochester, Earl of; Ernle, Sir J.; Dering, Sir E.; Fox, Sir S. (C 66/3245).
1684 9 July Rochester, Earl of; Ernle, Sir J.; Fox, Sir S. (ibid.).
1684 26 July Rochester, Earl of; Ernle, Sir J.; Fox, Sir S.; North, Hon. Sir D.; Thynne, H. F. (ibid.).
1684 9 Sept. Godolphin, S.; Ernle, Sir J.; Fox, Sir S.; North, Hon. Sir D.; Thynne, H. F. (ibid.).
1685 16 Feb. Rochester, Earl of (E 403/2468 p. 43).
1687 4 Jan. Belasyse, Lord; Godolphin, Lord; Dover, Lord; Ernle, Sir J.; Fox, Sir S. (C 66/3290).
1689 9 April Mordaunt, Viscount; Delamere, Lord; Godolphin, Lord; Capel, Hon. Sir H.; Hampden, R. (C 66/3325).
1690 18 March Lowther, Sir J.; Hampden, R.; Fox, Sir S.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3335).
1690 15 Nov. Godolphin, Lord; Lowther, Sir J.; Hampden, R.; Fox, Sir S.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3338).
1692 21 March Godolphin, Lord; Hampden, R.; Fox, Sir S.; Seymour, Sir E.; Montagu, C. (C 66/3350).
1694 3 May Godolphin, Lord; Fox, Sir S.; Montagu, C.; Trumbull, Sir W.; Smith, J. (C 66/3364).
1695 1 Nov. Godolphin, Lord; Fox, Sir S.; Montagu, C.; Smith, J. (C 66/3381).
1696 2 May Godolphin, Lord; (fn. 12) Fox, Sir S.; Montagu, C.; Smith, J.; Littleton, Sir T. (C 66/3386).
1697 1 May Montagu, C.; Fox, Sir S.; Smith, J.; Littleton, Sir T.; Pelham, T. (E 403/2469 p. 108).
1699 1 June Montagu, C.; Tankerville, Earl of; Fox, Sir S.; Smith, J.; Boyle, Hon. H. (C 66/3413).
1699 15 Nov. Tankerville, Earl of; Fox, Sir S.; Smith, J.; Boyle, Hon. H.; Hill, R. (C 66/3410).
1700 9 Dec. Godolphin, Lord; Fox, Sir S.; Smith, J.; Boyle, Hon. H.; Hill, R. (C 66/3415).
1701 29 March Godolphin, Lord; Fox, Sir S.; Boyle, Hon. H.; Hill, R.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3420).
1701 30 Dec. Carlisle, Earl of; Fox, Sir S.; Boyle, Hon. H.; Hill, R.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3422).
1702 12 Feb. Carlisle, Earl of; Fox, Sir S.; Boyle, Hon. H.; Hill, R.; Pelham, T. (ibid.).
1702 8 May Godolphin, Lord (C 66/3424).
1707 27 June Godolphin, Earl of (fn. 13) (C 66/3462).
1710 10 Aug. Poulett, Earl; Harley, R.; Paget, Hon. H.; Mansell, Sir T.; Benson, R. (C 66/3477).
1711 30 May Oxford, Earl of (C 66/3479).
1714 30 July Shrewsbury, Duke of (C 66/3497).
1714 13 Oct. Halifax, Lord; Onslow, Sir R.; St. Quintin, Sir W.; Wortley Montagu, E.; Methuen, P. (C 66/3510).
1715 23 May Carlisle, Earl of; Onslow, Sir R.; St. Quintin, Sir W.; Wortley Montagu, E.; Methuen, P. (C 66/3504).
1715 11 Oct. Walpole, R.; St. Quintin, Sir W.; Methuen, P.; Finch, Lord; Newport, Hon. T. (C 66/3511).
1716 25 June Walpole, R.; St. Quintin, Sir W.; Methuen, P.; Torrington, Lord; Edgcumbe, R. (C 66/3514).
1717 15 April Stanhope, J.; Torrington, Lord; Wallop, J.; Baillie, G.; Micklethwaite, T. (C 66/3520).
1718 20 March Sunderland, Earl of; Aislabie, J.; Wallop, J.; Baillie, G.; Clayton, W. (C 66/3524).
1720 11 June Sunderland, Earl of; Aislabie, J.; Baillie, G.; Turner, Sir C.; Edgcumbe, R. (C 66/3538).
1721 3 April Walpole, R.; Baillie, G.; Turner, Sir C.; Edgcumbe, R.; Pelham, Hon. H. (C 66/3544).
1724 2 April Walpole, R.; Baillie, G.; Turner, Sir C.; Yonge, W.; Dodington, G. (C 66/3555).
1725 27 May Walpole, Sir R.; Turner, Sir C.; Yonge, Sir W.; Dodington, G.; Strickland, Sir W. (C 66/3558).
1730 11 May Walpole, Sir R.; Dodington, G.; Oxenden, Sir G.; Clayton, W.; Yonge, Sir W. (C 66/3580).
1735 19 May Walpole, Sir R.; Dodington, G.; Oxenden, Sir G.; Clayton, W.; Cholmondeley, Earl of (C 66/3593).
1736 20 May Walpole, Sir R.; Dodington, G.; Oxenden, Sir G.; Sundon, Lord; Winnington, T. (C 66/3595).
1737 22 June Walpole, Sir R.; Dodington, G.; Sundon, Lord; Winnington, T.; Earle, G. (C 66/3597).
1740 20 Oct. Walpole, Sir R.; Sundon, Lord; Winnington, T.; Earle, G.; Treby, G. (C 66/3603).
1741 28 April Walpole, Sir R.; Sundon, Lord; Earle, G.; Treby, G.; Clutterbuck, T. (C 66/3604).
1742 16 Feb. Wilmington, Earl of; Sandys, S.; Compton, Hon. G.; Rushout, Sir J.; Gybbon, P. (C 66/3611).
1743 25 Aug. Pelham, Hon. H.; Sandys, S.; Compton, Hon. G.; Rushout, Sir J.; Gybbon, P. (C 66/3613).
1743 23 Dec. Pelham, Hon. H.; Compton, Hon. G.; Gybbon, P.; Middlesex, Earl of; Fox, H. (ibid.).
1744 26 Dec. Pelham, Hon. H.; Middlesex, Earl of; Fox, H.; Arundel, Hon. R.; Lyttleton, G. (C 66/3615).
1746 27 June Pelham, Hon. H.; Middlesex, Earl of; Lyttleton, G.; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Campbell, J. (C 66/3619).
1747 23 June Pelham, Hon. H.; Lyttleton, G.; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Campbell, J.; Grenville, G. (C 66/3622).
1749 29 April Pelham, Hon. H.; Lyttleton, G.; Campbell, J.; Grenville, G.; Vane, Hon. H. (C 66/3626).
1754 18 March Newcastle, Duke of; Lyttleton, Sir G.; Campbell, J.; Grenville, Hon. G.; Barnard, Lord (C 66/3642).
1754 6 April Newcastle, Duke of; Darlington, Earl of; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Dupplin, Viscount; Nugent, R. (C 66/3643).
1755 22 Nov. Newcastle, Duke of; Darlington, Earl of; Lyttleton, Sir G.; Dupplin, Viscount; Nugent, R. (C 66/3649).
1755 22 Dec. Newcastle, Duke of; Lyttleton, Sir G.; Nugent, R.; Wyndham O'Brien, P.; Furnese, H. (ibid.).
1756 15 Nov. Devonshire, Duke of; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Nugent, R.; Duncannon, Viscount; Grenville, Hon. J. (C 66/3654).
1757 2 July Newcastle, Duke of; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Nugent, R.; Duncannon, Viscount; Grenville, Hon. J. (C 66/3658).
1759 2 June Newcastle, Duke of; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Nugent, R.; Grenville, Hon. J.; North, Lord (C 66/3664).
1759 20 Dec. Newcastle, Duke of; Bilson Legge, Hon. H.; Grenville, Hon. J.; North, Lord; Oswald, J. (C 66/3666).
1761 19 March Newcastle, Duke of; Barrington, Viscount; North, Lord; Oswald, J.; Elliott, G. (C 66/3674).
1762 28 May Bute, Earl of; Dashwood, Sir F.; North, Lord; Oswald, J.; Turner, Sir J. (C 66/3684).
1763 15 April Grenville, Hon. G.; North, Lord; Turner, Sir J.; Hunter, T. O.; Harris, J. (C 66/3687).
1765 13 July Rockingham, Marquess of; Dowdeswell, W.; Cavendish, Lord J.; Townshend, T.; Onslow, G. (C 66/3701).
1766 2 Aug. Grafton, Duke of; Townshend, Hon. C.; Townshend, T.; Onslow, G.; Campbell, P. (C 66/3707).
1767 12 Oct. Grafton, Duke of; North, Lord; Townshend, T.; Onslow, G.; Campbell, P. (C. 66/3715).
1767 1 Dec. Grafton, Duke of; North, Lord; Onslow, G.; Campbell, P.; Jenkinson, C. (ibid.).
1768 28 Dec. Grafton, Duke of; North, Lord; Onslow, G.; Jenkinson, C.; Dyson, J. (C 66/3720).
1770 6 Feb. North, Lord; Onslow, G.; Jenkinson, C.; Dyson, J.; Townshend, C. (C 66/3725).
1773 12 Jan. North, Lord; Onslow, G.; Dyson, J.; Townshend, C.; Fox, Hon. C. J. (C 66/3740).
1774 11 March North, Lord; Onslow, G.; Townshend, C.; Beauchamp, Viscount; Cornewall, C. W. (C 66/3745).
1777 16 June North, Lord; Onslow, Lord; Beauchamp, Viscount; Cornewall, C. W.; Westcote, Lord (C 66/3765).
1777 15 Dec. North, Lord; Beauchamp, Viscount; Cornewall, C. W.; Westcote, Lord; Palmerston, Viscount (C 66/3767).
1780 12 Sept. North, Lord; Westcote, Lord; Palmerston, Viscount; Sutton, Sir R.; Buller, J. (C 66/3781).
1782 1 April Rockingham, Marquess of; Cavendish, Lord J.; Althorp, Viscount; Grenville, J.; Montagu, F. (C 66/3792).
1782 13 July Shelburne, Earl of; Pitt, Hon. W.; Grenville, J.; Jackson, R.; Eliot, E. J. (C 66/3797).
1783 4 April Portland, Duke of; Cavendish, Lord J.; Surrey, Earl of; Montagu, F.; Cooper, Sir G. (C 66/3803).
1783 26 Dec. Pitt, Hon. W.; Buller, J.; Graham, Marquess of; Eliot, E. J.; Aubrey, J. (C 66/3809).
1786 19 Sept. Pitt, Hon. W.; Graham, Marquess of; Eliot, Hon. E. J.; Aubrey, Sir J.; Mornington, Earl of (C 66/3830).
1789 10 Aug. Pitt, Hon. W.; Eliot, Hon. E. J.; Mornington, Earl of; Bayham, Viscount; Apsley, Lord (C 66/3849).
1791 20 June Pitt, Hon. W.; Eliot, Hon. E. J.; Mornington, Earl of; Bayham, Viscount; Hopkins, R. (C 66/3868).
1793 22 June Pitt, Hon. W.; Mornington, Earl of; Bayham, Viscount; Hopkins, R.; Townshend, Hon. J. T. (C 66/3891).
1794 7 May Pitt, Hon. W.; Mornington, Earl of; Hopkins, R.; Townshend, Hon. J. T.; Smyth, J. (C 66/3900).
1797 3 Feb. Pitt, Hon. W.; Mornington, Earl of; Townshend, Hon. J. T.; Smyth, J.; Douglas, S. (C 66/3934).
1797 3 Aug. Pitt, Hon. W.; Townshend, Hon. J. T.; Smyth, J.; Douglas, S.; Pybus, C. S. (C 66/3941).
1800 28 July Pitt, Hon. W.; Smyth, J.; Douglas, S.; Pybus, C. S.; Leveson Gower, Lord G. (C 66/3976).
1800 9 Dec. Pitt, Hon. W.; Smyth, J.; Pybus, C. S.; Leveson Gower, Lord G.; Addington, J. H. (C 66/3981).
1801 21 March Addington, H.; Smyth, J.; Pybus, C. S.; Thynne, Lord G.; Bond, N. (C 66/3986).
1802 5 July Addington, H.; Pybus, C. S.; Thynne, Lord G.; Bond, N.; Addington, J. H. (C 66/4009).
1803 18 Nov. Addington, H.; Thynne, Lord G.; Bond, N.; Brodrick, Hon. W.; Golding, E. (C 66/4022).
1804 16 May Pitt, Hon. W.; Lovaine, Lord; Fitzharris, Viscount; Long, C.; Wellesley, Hon. H. (C 66/4025).
1804 7 Aug. Pitt, Hon. W.; Lovaine, Lord; Fitzharris, Viscount; Long, C.; Blandford, Marquess of (C 66/4029).
1806 10 Feb. Grenville, Lord; Petty, Lord H.; Althorp, Viscount; Wickham, W.; Courtenay, J. (C 66/4049).
1807 31 March Portland, Duke of; Perceval, Hon. S.; Titchfield, Marquess of; Eliot, Hon. W.; Sturges Bourne, W. (C 66/4064).
1807 16 Sept. Portland, Duke of; Perceval, Hon. S.; Foster, J.; Eliot, Hon. W.; Sturges Bourne, W.; Ryder, Hon. R. (C 66/4070).
1807 2 Dec. Portland, Duke of; Perceval, Hon. S.; Foster, J.; Brodrick, Hon. W.; Eliot, Hon. W.; Sturges Bourne, W. (C 66/4073).
1809 6 Dec. Perceval, Hon. S.; Foster, J.; Brodrick, Hon. W.; Eliot, Hon. W.; Desart, Earl of; Barne, S. (C 66/4096).
1810 26 June Perceval, Hon. S.; Foster, J.; Brodrick, Hon. W.; Eliot, Hon. W.; Barne, S.; Paget, Hon. B. (C 66/4103).
1812 6 Jan. Perceval, Hon. S.; Wellesley Pole, Hon. W.; Brodrick, Hon. W.; Barne, S.; Paget, Hon. B.; Wellesley, R. (C 66/4118).
1812 16 June Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Barne, S.; Paget, Hon. B. (C 66/4124).
1812 5 Oct. Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Fitzgerald, W.; Paget, Hon. B.; Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Brogden, J. (C 66/4127).
1813 25 Nov. Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Fitzgerald, W.; Paget, Hon. B.; Brogden, J.; Lowther, Viscount (C 66/4144).
1813 20 Dec. Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Fitzgerald, W.; Paget, Hon. B.; Lowther, Viscount; Grant, C. (C 66/4145).
1817 7 Jan. Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Paget, Hon. B.; Lowther, Viscount; Grant, C.; Maxwell Barry, J.; O'Dell, W. (C 66/4182).
1819 25 March Liverpool, Earl of; Vansittart, N.; Paget, Hon. B.; Lowther, Viscount; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Maxwell Barry, J.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4209).
1823 10 Feb. Liverpool, Earl of; Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Paget, Hon. B.; Lowther, Viscount; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Maxwell Barry, J.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4252).
1823 3 May Liverpool, Earl of; Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Paget, Hon. B.; Lowther, Viscount; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4256).
1826 13 June Liverpool, Earl of; Robinson, Hon. F. J.; Lowther, Viscount; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Mount Charles, Earl of; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4307).
1827 30 April Canning, G.; Mount Charles, Earl of; Leveson Gower, Lord F.; Eliot, Lord; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4319).
1827 31 July Canning, G.; Mount Charles, Earl of; Leveson Gower, Lord F.; Eliot, Lord; Fitzgerald, M.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4324).
1827 8 Sept. Goderich, Viscount; Herries, J. C.; Mount Charles, Earl of; Eliot, Lord; Fitzgerald, M.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4326).
1828 26 Jan. Wellington, Duke of; Goulburn, H.; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Mount Charles, Earl of; Eliot, Lord; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4332).
1830 24 April Wellington, Duke of; Goulburn, H.; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Eliot, Lord; Bankes, G.; MacNaughten, E. A. (C 66/4363).
1830 31 July Wellington, Duke of; Goulburn, H.; Somerset, Lord G. C. H.; Eliot, Lord; Bankes, G.; Peel, W. Y. (C 66/4365).
1830 24 Nov. Grey, Earl; Althorp, Viscount; Nugent, Lord; Smith, R. V.; Baring, F. T.; Ponsonby, Hon. G. (C 66/4375).
1832 26 Nov. Grey, Earl; Althorp, Viscount; Smith, R. V.; Baring, F. T.; Ponsonby, Hon. G.; Kennedy, T. F. (C 66/4412).
1834 14 April Grey, Earl; Althorp, Viscount; Smith, R. V.; Baring, F. T.; Ponsonby, Hon. G.; Graham, R. (C 66/4433).
1834 23 June Grey, Earl; Althorp, Viscount; Smith, R. V.; Ponsonby, Hon. G.; Graham, R.; Byng, G. S. (C 66/4436).
1834 19 July Melbourne, Viscount; Althorp, Viscount; Smith, R. V.; Ponsonby, Hon. G.; Graham, R.; Byng, G. S. (C 66/4438).
1834 22 Nov. Wellington, Duke of; Rosslyn, Earl of; Ellenborough, Lord; Maryborough, Lord; Becket, Sir J.; Planta, J. (C 66/4445).
1834 31 Dec. Peel, Sir R.; Peel, W. Y.; Lincoln, Earl of; Stormont, Viscount; Ross, C.; Gladstone, W. E. (C 66/4447).
1835 19 March Peel, Sir R.; Peel, W. Y.; Lincoln, Earl of; Stormont, Viscount; Ross, C.; Nicoll, J. (C 66/4452).
1835 20 April Melbourne, Viscount; Spring Rice, T.; Seymour, Lord; Ord, W. H.; Steuart, R. (C 66/4454).
1835 20 May Melbourne, Viscount; Spring Rice, T.; Seymour, Lord; Ord, W. H.; Steuart, R.; More O'Ferrall, R. (C 66/4457).
1836 22 Aug. Melbourne, Viscount; Spring Rice, T.; Seymour, Lord; Steuart, R.; More O'Ferrall, R.; Parker, J. (C 66/4487).
1837 21 July Melbourne, Viscount; Spring Rice, T.; Seymour, Lord; Steuart, R.; More O'Ferrall, R.; Parker, J. (C 66/4507).
1839 30 Aug. Melbourne, Viscount; Baring, F. T.; Seymour, Lord; Steuart, R.; Parker, J.; Wyse, T. (C 66/4596).
1839 6 Nov. Melbourne, Viscount; Baring, F. T.; Steuart, R.; Parker, J.; Wyse, T.; Tufnell, H. (C 66/4580).
1840 30 May Melbourne, Viscount; Baring, F. T.; Parker, J.; Wyse, T.; Tufnell, H.; Horsman, E. (C 66/4599).
1841 25 June Melbourne, Viscount; Baring, F. T.; Wyse, T.; Tufnell, H.; Horsman, E.; Cowper, Hon. W. F. (C 66/4632).
1841 8 Sept. Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Milnes Gaskell, J.; Baring, H. B.; Perceval, A.; Pringle, A. (C 66/4638).
1841 20 Sept. Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Milnes Gaskell, J.; Baring, H. B.; Pringle, A.; Young, J. (C 66/4640).
1844 23 May Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Milnes Gaskell, J.; Baring, H. B.; Pringle, A.; Lennox, Lord A. (C 66/4714).
1845 28 April Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Milnes Gaskell, J.; Baring, H. B.; Lennox, Lord A.; Forbes Mackenzie, W. (C 66/4742).
1845 9 Aug. Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Milnes Gaskell, J.; Baring, H. B.; Forbes Mackenzie, W.; Cripps, W. (C 66/4753).
1846 11 March Peel, Sir R.; Goulburn, H.; Baring, H. B.; Cripps, W.; Carnegie, Hon. S. T.; Neville, R. (C 66/4774).
1846 6 July Russell, Lord J.; Wood, C.; Ebrington, Viscount; O'Conor, D.; Gibson Craig, W.; Rich, H. (C 66/4784).
1847 6 Aug. Russell, Lord J.; Wood, Sir C.; Ebrington, Viscount; Gibson Craig, W.; Rich, H.; Bellew, R. M. (C 66/4821).
1847 24 Dec. Russell, Lord J.; Wood, Sir C.; Gibson Craig, W.; Rich, H.; Bellew, R. M.; Shelburne, Earl of (fn. 14) (C 66/4831).
1852 28 Feb. Derby, Earl of; Disraeli, B.; Chandos, Marquess of; Gordon Lennox, Lord H. G. C.; Bateson, T. (C 66/4956).
1853 4 Jan. Aberdeen, Earl of; Gladstone, W. E.; Hervey, Lord A.; Charteris Wemyss Douglas, Hon. F. R.; Sadleir, J. (C 66/4980).
1854 8 March Aberdeen, Earl of; Gladstone, W. E.; Hervey, Lord A.; Elcho, Lord; Fortescue, C. S. (C 66/4985).
1855 12 Feb. Palmerston, Viscount; Gladstone, W. E.; Hervey, Lord A.; Elcho, Lord; Fortescue, C. S. (C 66/4988).
1855 8 March Palmerston, Viscount; Lewis, Sir G. C.; Monck, Viscount; Duncan, Viscount; Fortescue, C. S. (ibid.).
1855 17 April Palmerston, Viscount; Lewis, Sir G. C.; Monck, Viscount; Duncan, Viscount; Brand, Hon. H. B. W. (ibid.).
1858 1 March Derby, Earl of; Disraeli, B.; Gordon Lennox, Lord H. G. C.; Taylor, T. E.; Whitmore, H. (C 66/5000).
1859 16 March Derby, Earl of; Disraeli, B.; Taylor, T. E.; Whitmore, H.; Blackburn, P. (C 66/5003).
1859 23 June Palmerston, Viscount; Gladstone, W. E.; Knatchbull Hugessen, E. H.; Dunbar, Sir W.; Bagwell, J. (C 66/5005).
1862 26 March Palmerston, Viscount; Gladstone, W. E.; Knatchbull Hugessen, E. H.; Dunbar, Sir W.; White, L. (C 66/5013).
1865 26 April Palmerston, Viscount; Gladstone, W. E.; Knatchbull Hugessen, E. H.; Adam, W. P.; White, Hon. L. (C 66/5021).
1865 13 Nov. Russell, Earl; Gladstone, W. E.; Knatchbull Hugessen, E. H.; White, Hon. L.; Adam, W. P. (C 66/5022).
1866 7 June Russell, Earl; Gladstone, W. E.; Bonham Carter, J.; Adam, W. P.; Esmonde, J. (C 66/5025).
1866 13 July Derby, Earl of; Disraeli, B.; Noel, Hon. G. J.; Graham Montgomery, Sir G.; Whitmore, H. (C 66/5026).
1868 3 March Disraeli, B.; Hunt, G. W.; Noel, Hon. G. J.; Graham Montgomery, Sir G.; Whitmore, H. (C 66/5033).
1868 6 Nov. Disraeli, B.; Hunt, G. W.; Hamilton, Lord C. J.; Graham Montgomery, Sir G.; Whitmore, H. (C 66/5036).
1868 17 Dec. Gladstone, W. E.; Lowe, R.; Stansfeld, J.; Lansdowne, Marquess of; Adam, W. P.; Vivian, Hon. J. C. W. (C 66/5037).
1869 9 Nov. Gladstone, W. E.; Lowe, R.; Lansdowne, Marquess of; Adam, W. P.; Vivian, Hon. J. C. W.; Gladstone, W. H. (C 66/5041).

First Lord From 1827

1827 20 April Canning, G.
1827 3 Sept. Goderich, Viscount
1828 22 Jan. Wellington, Duke of
1830 22 Nov. Grey, Earl
1834 16 July Melbourne, Viscount
1834 17 Nov. Wellington, Duke of
1834 10 Dec. Peel, Sir R.
1835 18 April Melbourne, Viscount
1841 3 Sept. Peel, Sir R.
1846 6 July Russell, Lord J.
1852 27 Feb. Derby, Earl of
1852 28 Dec. Aberdeen, Earl of
1855 8 Feb. Palmerston, Viscount
1858 26 Feb. Derby, Earl of
1859 18 June Palmerston, Viscount
1865 3 Nov. Russell, Earl
1866 6 July Derby, Earl of
1868 29 Feb. Disraeli, B.
1868 9 Dec. Gladstone, W. E.

Footnotes

1 For the functions of the Treasurer and the Board at various times, see Baxter, Treasury, 1-67; D. Gray, Spencer Perceval: The Evangelical Prime Minister (Manchester 1963), 318-20; J. R. Torrance, 'Sir George Harrison and the growth of bureaucracy in the early nineteenth century', Eng. Hist. Rev., lxxxiii (1968), 60; T. Heath, The Treasury (London 1927), 6; Todd, Parliamentary Government, ii, 325, 448-51; M. Wright, Treasury Control of the Civil Service 1854-1874 (Oxford 1969), 47-52.
2 For an account of Godolphin's entry into office in 1702, see H. Hall, The Antiquities and Curiosities of the Exchequer (London 1898), 104-8.
3 56 Geo. III, c 98, s 2.
4 47 Geo. III, c 20.
5 56 Geo. III, c 98, s 14.
6 TM 15 Aug. 1848 (T 29/524 p. 279).
7 12 & 13 Vict., c 89.
8 TM 28 Dec. 1868 (AB, iv, 336); Times, 10 Dec. 1868, 3 Nov. 1869. A 'Financial Lord' with similar responsibilities was appointed in 1873 (Times, 8 Aug. 1873).
9 CTB, v, 269; Baxter, Treasury, 16-17.
10 Namier, Structure of Politics, 226-7. The additional salary was at first paid out of the secret service but was transferred in 1783 to the civil list (2nd Rept. on Fees, 63). The deficiencies in Liverpool's salary were met from special service (T 38/552 pp. 255-85).
11 TM 15 April 1831 (T 29/316 pp. 259-61), 20 May 1851 (T 29/543 pp. 389-91), 28 Dec. 1868 (AB, iv, 336). In 1831 the charge for these salaries was removed from the civil list to the annual estimates for the Treasury.
12 Godolphin formally resigned office as First Lord on 31 Oct. 1696 (CTB, xi, 67). No new commission was issued but Fox became First Lord on this date.
13 Reappointed following the union with Scotland.
14 Office discontinued by TM 15 Aug. 1848 (T 29/524 p. 279).