Chief Clerks c. 1689—1856

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1972

Supporting documents

Pages

34-35

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'Chief Clerks c. 1689—1856', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 1: Treasury Officials 1660-1870 (1972), pp. 34-35. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16744 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Chief Clerks c. 1689-1856

This grade dates from at least 1685. The identity of the Chief Clerks cannot be ascertained until 1689 when they were five in number. In about 1697 they were reduced to four. (fn. 1) Until 1805 the Chief Clerks ranked after the Joint Secretaries and in addition to their own particular responsibilities acted in a general advisory capacity to the Board. (fn. 2) In 1805 they were displaced from their position as the senior members of the permanent staff by the Assistant Secretary. At the same time they were given specific responsibilities for the divisions of business, one being assigned to each of the first two divisions, one to the third and fourth and one to the fifth and sixth. (fn. 3) In 1834 the number of Chief Clerks was raised to five, one to preside over each of the reorganised divisions. At the same time they were placed in rank after the Principal Clerk for Colonial Business. (fn. 4) When in 1849 the number of divisions was reduced to three there was a corresponding reduction in the number of Chief Clerks. (fn. 5) There was a further reduction to two in 1854 when provision was made for a Principal Clerk to preside over the Finance Division. (fn. 6) The grade was abolished in 1856. (fn. 7)

Until 1782 the Chief Clerks received their remuneration in the form of equal shares in a third part of the office fees. In that year they were accorded fixed salaries of £800. (fn. 8) This sum was raised to £1080 in 1798 and in 1801 a progressive scale was introduced rising after fifteen years to £1200 and after twenty years to £1400. (fn. 9) In 1821 a fixed salary of £1200 was established for succeeding holders of the offices. This was reduced to £1000 in 1834. (fn. 10)

LIST OF APPOINTMENTS

By 1689 Lowndes, W.
Langford, S.
Squibb, R.
Glanville, W.
Evelyn, J.
1693 Shaw, W.
Aldworth, R.
1695 Powys, R.
Taylor, J.
c. 1697 Tilson, C.
1713 Oct. Thomas, W.
1714 Nov. Glanville, W.
1714 Nov. Kelsall, H.
1718 Jan. Lowndes, W.
1724 Feb. Frecker, M.
1738 Dec. Bowen, T.
1742 26 Aug. Fane, H.
1752 1 Nov. Leheup, P.
1755 30 July Lowndes, C.
1757 27 July Burnaby, E.
1759 31 July Postlethwaite, J.
1759 31 July Yeates, R.
1761 17 Dec. Bradshaw, T.
1761 22 Dec. Rowe, M. (fn. 11)
1762 23 Feb. Rowe, M.
1762 23 Feb. Poole, F.
1767 18 Aug. Davis, W.
1769 16 Nov. Pratt, T.
1776 22 Feb. Reynolds, F.
1782 30 Nov. Cotton, T.
1782 30 Nov. Martin Leake, J.
1783 16 Dec. Mitford, W.
1785 29 July Ramus, G. E.
1798 5 July Alcock, J.
1799 3 Jan. Chinnery, W.
1807 24 March Cipriani, P.
1808 17 May Speer, W.
1812 3 April Nicolay, F.
1815 14 April Brooksbank, S.
1818 31 July Hoblyn, T.
1820 10 Oct. Cotton, W.
1834 17 Oct. Brooksbank, T. C.
1834 17 Oct. Sanford, H.
1834 17 Oct. van der Spiegel, A.
1834 17 Oct. Fauquier, W. E.
1834 17 Oct. Martin Leake, S. R.
1836 13 Sept. Unwin, J.
1840 1 Jan. Drummond, E.
1841 26 Jan. Boyd, G.
1843 3 Feb. Harrison, T. C.
1845 21 Jan. Pearson, H. R.
1850 22 March Crafer, C. L.
1851 25 Feb. Litchfield, C.
1852 22 Oct. Baker, J.

Footnotes

1 See Introduction, pp. 2-3.
2 For the distribution of business amongst the Chief Clerks, see TM 18 Nov. 1714 (CTB, xxix, 30-2), 31 July 1759 (T 29/33 pp. 218-19). The latter provided that, where necessary, each Chief Clerk should be ready to undertake any of the business of the office.
3 TM 19 Aug. 1805 (T 29/85 p. 348).
4 TM 17 Oct. 1834 (T 29/358 p. 333).
5 TM 27 March 1849 (T 29/531 pp. 505-30), 3 April 1849 (T 29/532 p. 78).
6 TM 24 March 1854 (T 29/554 p. 642).
7 TM 4 July 1856 (T 29/564 p. 47).
8 TM 30 Nov. 1782 (T 29/52 p. 518).
9 TM 5 July 1798 (T 29/73 p. 209), 12 May 1801 (T 29/77 p. 437). By TM 3 April 1812 the Chief Clerks were accorded additional allowances of £100 (T 29/116 pp. 448-55).
10 TM 10 Aug. 1821 (T 29/200 p. 241), 17 Oct. 1834 (T 29/358 p. 326).
11 Supernumerary.