Under Clerks c. 1689—1782

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1972

Supporting documents

Pages

36-38

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'Under Clerks c. 1689—1782', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 1: Treasury Officials 1660-1870 (1972), pp. 36-38. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16745 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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Under Clerks c. 1689-1782

Although the distinction between Chief and Under Clerks probably existed before 1689 it is not until this year that it is possible to place particular Clerks securely in one or other of these grades. (fn. 1) The appointments of Under Clerks began to be recorded in the minutes in 1718. Before that date their periods of service can only be approximately determined. Their number was not fixed. It fluctuated considerably before 1714. From the transfer of the salaries of the Under Clerks to the civil list in that year until the reform of 1776 there was an almost continuous increase. Amongst the factors contributing to this increase were, on the one hand, the fact that the Treasury continued to pay salaries to Clerks who had ceased to take an active part in business and, on the other, the practice, invariable after 1762, of placing the Clerks of the Revenue Department on the establishment as a means of increasing their remuneration. In 1776 the active membership of the establishment was fixed at twenty-one, seven places being reserved for the revenue Clerks and the remainder being allocated to the Under Clerks engaged in the business of expenditure. (fn. 2)

From at least 1714 the relative standing of the Under Clerks was governed by the principle of seniority. The only exceptions to this rule occurred when Clerks were accorded positions other than the most junior on their appointment. There were six cases of this kind. In all but two the beneficiaries were Clerks or former Clerks of the Revenue Department whose previous service in the Treasury was probably the reason for their special treatment. (fn. 3)

The Under Clerks received part of their remuneration in the form of fixed salaries from at least 1695. From that year to 1714 most of these salaries were paid out of the secret service. In certain cases, however, they were paid out of the fee fund, although they were in each case eventually transferred to the secret service. The amount of the salaries varied before 1714. In so far as there was any general rule it was that they began at £40, rising in due course to £50. By 1714 two Clerks were receiving £100. (fn. 4) On the transfer of the salaries to the civil list in that year the amounts were standardised. Until 1733 the three senior Under Clerks were paid £100 and the rest £50. After 1733 it was the rule for all to receive £100. (fn. 5) In addition to their salaries those Under Clerks who were engaged in the business of expenditure enjoyed personal fees on the instruments which they prepared.

LIST OF APPOINTMENTS

By 1689 Powys, R.
By 1690 Tilson, C.
Taylor, J.
Southworth, S.
c. 1691 Webster, E.
By 1694 Bendish, T.
By 1695 Lowndes, T.
Booth, G.
Segar, H.
1698 Jett, T.
1698 Granger, M.
1698 Medley, T.
1699 East, W.
1699 Lowndes, J.
1700-1 Varey, J.
1702 Pelham, J.
1703-4 Lowndes, W.
1707 Spence, T.
1708-9 Frecker, M.
1711-12 Bowen, T.
1711-12 Lowndes, T.
1711-12 Burnbury, R.
1711-12 Farewell, P.
1712 King, S.
1714 Chevallier, C.
1715 Wyatt, W.
1718 23 Jan. Pitt, W.
1720 Robinson, J.
1721 Power, B. (fn. 6)
1721 20 April Leheup, P.
1721 6 Sept. Lowe, C.
1721 20 Nov. Martin, S.
1721-2 Lowndes, C.
1722-3 Burgh, L.
1723 14 April Fox, W. E.
1723 21 April Burnaby, E.
1724 4 March Pratt, T.
1725 14 June Fane, H.
1725 29 June Wyndham, W.
1726 3 May Gibson, T.
1732 18 Sept. Pennington, J.
1733 29 June Beresford, J. (fn. 7)
1733 31 July de Grey, T.
1738 Davis, W.
1742 29 April Tompkins, T.
1742 Rowe, M.
1746 11 Feb. Mill, J.
1748 3 May Fane, J.
1752 1 Nov. Poole, F.
1753 26 Sept. Reynolds, F.
1754 13 Feb. Plaxton, W. (fn. 8)
1755 10 Jan. Kerrick, J.
1755 30 July Cartwright, W.
1755 17 Dec. Royer, J.
1757 27 July Watkins, J.
1757 27 July Wilkin, T. (fn. 9)
1757 27 July Speer, W. (fn. 10)
1757 7 Dec. Fane, H. (fn. 11)
1758 8 Feb. Schutz, C.
1760 23 May Beldam, W.
1761 2 Feb. Dancer, F. (fn. 12)
1761 17 June Chowne, T.
1761 22 Dec. Bishop, E.
1762 23 Feb. Cotton, T.
1762 23 Feb. Herbert, G. (fn. 13)
1762 4 May Fowler, H. (fn. 14)
1762 21 May Chamberlayne, E.
1763 7 April Browne, G.
1763 7 April Featherstone, R. (fn. 15)
1763 7 April Martin Leake, J.
1763 29 Aug. Lloyd, C. (fn. 16)
1765 3 July Mitford, W.
1765 3 July Dyer, T.
1766 29 July Ramus, G. E.
1766 29 July Brummell, W.
1766 11 Nov. Goodenough, G. T.
1767 18 Aug. Boughton, E. (fn. 17)
1768 26 Jan. West, J. B. (fn. 18)
1769 16 Nov. Broughton, B.
1772 2 July Poyntz, W. D.
1772 2 July Smith, W. E.
1773 18 March Glyn, R. C.
1773 18 March Webster, H.
1779 6 July Pembroke, W. (fn. 19)
1782 25 March Brummell, B.
1782 10 June Tufton, A.

Footnotes

1 See Introduction, pp. 2-3.
2 TM 22 Feb. 1776 (T 29/45 pp. 53-8).
3 For details, see list of appointments below. The clerks of the Revenue Department were Power (1721), Plaxton (1754), E. Boughton (1767) and J. B. West (1768). The special position of the last two was recognised in TM 6 Aug. 1766 (T 29/38 p. 106). The remaining two clerks were H. Fane (1757) and C. Lloyd (1763).
4 The following Under Clerks received their salaries in the first instance from the fee fund: Medley (1698), East (1699-1707), Varey (1700-7), Frecker (1708-13) and S. King (1712-13). From 1695 to 1707 Bendish received salaries both from the fee fund and from the secret service. For details of the transfers from the fee fund to the secret service see T 1/104 f. 204 (East) and T 1/111 f. 92 (Bendish and Varey).
5 The only exceptions to this rule occurred in 1736 when two Supernumerary Clerks, W. Davis and Vandinande, were granted £50 each from the civil list (CTBP 1735-8, 169-70) and in 1762 when T. Pratt was allowed £200 in consideration of his long service (T 29/34 p. 232).
6 Placed No. 8; former Revenue Clerk.
7 Revenue Clerk.
8 Placed No. 13; former Revenue Clerk.
9 Revenue Clerk.
10 Revenue Clerk.
11 Placed No. 15.
12 Revenue Clerk.
13 Revenue Clerk.
14 Revenue Clerk.
15 Revenue Clerk.
16 Placed No. 10.
17 Placed No. 22; Revenue Clerk.
18 Placed No. 23; Revenue Clerk.
19 Revenue Clerk.