Council of trade and plantations 1696-1782

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.C. Sainty

Year published

1974

Supporting documents

Pages

28-37

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'Council of trade and plantations 1696-1782', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 3: Officials of the Boards of Trade 1660-1870 (1974), pp. 28-37. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16802 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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COUNCIL OF TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 1696-1782

Commissioners 1696-1782

The Council of Trade and Foreign Plantations of 1696 was appointed by the crown by commission under the great seal. It was composed of various unsalaried ex officio Commissioners who were not expected to attend the Board regularly and a certain number of paid Commissioners to whom the conduct of business was entrusted. Originally the ex officio Commissioners consisted of the holders of the offices of Lord Chancellor or Lord Keeper, Lord President of the Council, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Treasurer or First Lord of the Treasury, Lord Admiral or First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary of State and Chancellor of the Exchequer. To these were added the Bishop of London in 1702 and the Surveyor and Auditor General of Plantations in 1721. (fn. 1)

The number of paid Commissioners was fixed in principle at eight although it fell to seven between 1707 and 1712 and between 1768 and 1779. The senior such Commissioner, usually known as the First Lord, presided. This office was discontinued between 1768 and 1779 when the Secretary of State for the Colonies, an ex officio Commissioner, presided. (fn. 2) The Council was dismissed by the King on 2 May 1782, being abolished by act later in the same year. (fn. 3)

The salaries of the Commissioners were fixed at £1000 each payable at the Exchequer. (fn. 4) Under an arrangement which cannot be dated precisely the First Lord was accorded an additional salary from the secret service money. The earliest First Lord who is known to have enjoyed such a salary was Monson (1737-48) who received £500 a year. His successor, Halifax, received the same until about 1752 when the amount was raised to £1500. (fn. 5) In 1761 regular provision was made for the First Lord to be paid an additional salary of £1000 at the Exchequer. Payment of this salary was suspended between 1768 and 1779 during the period when the Board was presided over by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, who received no remuneration for his services in this respect. (fn. 6)

In the following list ex officio Commissioners are omitted.

1696 15 May Bridgwater, Earl of; Tankerville, Earl of; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Locke, J.; Hill, A.; Methuen, J. (C 66/3386).
1697 6 July Bridgwater, Earl of; Tankerville, Earl of; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Locke, J.; Hill, A.; Stepney, G. (C 66/3397).
1699 9 June Stamford, Earl of; Lexington, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Locke, J.; Hill, A.; Stepney, G. (C 66/3413).
1700 11 July Stamford, Earl of; Lexington, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Hill, A.; Stepney, G.; Prior, M. (C 66/3416).
1702 8 Jan. Stamford, Earl of; Lexington, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Stepney, G.; Prior, M.; Cecil, Hon. R. (C 66/3422).
1702 19 June Weymouth, Viscount; Dartmouth, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Blathwayt, W.; Pollexfen, J.; Stepney, G.; Prior, M.; Cecil, Hon. R. (C 66/3430).
1707 25 April Stamford, Earl of; Dartmouth, Lord; Herbert of Chirbury, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Stepney, G.; Pulteney, J.; Monckton, R. (C 66/3461).
1708 4 May Stamford, Earl of; Dartmouth, Lord; Herbert of Chirbury, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Pulteney, J.; Monckton, R.; Turner, Sir C. (C 66/3463).
1710 12 May Stamford, Earl of; Dartmouth, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Pulteney, J.; Monckton, R.; Turner, Sir C.; Baillie, G. (C 66/3473).
1710 4 Oct. Stamford, Earl of; Meadows, Sir P.; Pulteney, J.; Monckton, R.; Turner, Sir C.; Baillie, G.; Moore, A. (C 66/3474).
1711 12 June Winchilsea, Earl of; Meadows, Sir P.; Monckton, R.; Turner, Sir C.; Baillie, G.; Moore, A.; Gwyn, F. (C 66/3482).
1712 7 July Winchilsea, Earl of; Guilford, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Monckton, R.; Moore, A.; Gwyn, F.; Foley, T.; Cotton, J. H. (C 66/3488).
1713 15 Sept. Guilford, Lord; Meadows, Sir P.; Monckton, R.; Moore, A.; Cotton, Sir J. H.; Sharp, J.; Pytts, S.; Vernon, T. (C 66/3493).
1714 13 Dec. Berkeley of Stratton, Lord; Astley, Sir J.; Molesworth, R.; Cockburn, J.; Hutcheson, A.; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, C.; Docminique, P. (C 66/3503).
1715 12 May Suffolk, Earl of; Astley, Sir J.; Molesworth, R.; Cockburn, J.; Hutcheson, A.; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, C.; Docminique, P. (C 66/3504).
1716 5 Jan. Suffolk, Earl of; Astley, Sir J.; Cockburn, J.; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, C.; Docminique, P.; Addison, J.; Molesworth, J. (C 66/3511).
1717 13 July Suffolk, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, Sir C.; Docminique, P.; Molesworth, J.; Pelham, T.; Pulteney, D.; Bladen, M. (C 66/3520).
1718 31 Jan. Holdernesse, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, Sir C.; Docminique, P.; Molesworth, J.; Pelham, T.; Pulteney, D.; Bladen, M. (C 66/3521).
1719 11 May Westmorland, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, Sir C.; Docminique, P.; Molesworth, J.; Pelham, T.; Pulteney, D.; Bladen, M. (C 66/3532).
1720 24 June Westmorland, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Cooke, Sir C.; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Pulteney, D.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E. (C 66/3538).
1721 4 Sept. Westmorland, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Pulteney, D.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Plumer, R. (C 66/3545).
1721 14 Oct. Westmorland, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Plumer, R.; Hobart, Sir J. (C 66/3546).
1727 8 Aug. Westmorland, Earl of; Chetwynd, J.; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Bridgeman, Sir O.; Carey, W. (C 66/3566).
1728 1 June Westmorland, Earl of; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Bridgeman, Sir O.; Carey, W.; Frankland, Sir T. (C 66/3569).
1730 14 May Westmorland, Earl of; Docminique, P.; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Bridgeman, Sir O.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Croft, Sir A. (C 66/3580).
1735 22 May Fitzwalter, Earl; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Bridgeman, Sir O.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Croft, Sir A.; Plumer, R. (C 66/3593).
1737 27 June Monson, Lord; Pelham, T.; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Croft, Sir A.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S. (C 66/3597).
1741 5 May Monson, Lord; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Keene, B.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3604).
1743 31 Dec. Monson, Lord; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Keene, B.; Gilmour, Sir C. (C 66/3613).
1745 5 Jan. Monson, Lord; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Phillips, Sir J.; Pitt, J. (C 66/3616).
1745 24 May Monson, Lord; Bladen, M.; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. B. (C 66/3616).
1746 26 Feb. Monson, Lord; Ashe, E.; Brudenell, Hon. J.; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. B.; Grenville, J. (C 66/3618).
1746 20 Nov. Monson, Lord; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. B.; Grenville, J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F. (C 66/3620).
1748 5 Nov. Halifax, Earl of; Plumer, R.; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. B.; Grenville, J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F. (C 66/3625).
1748 30 Dec. Halifax, Earl of; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Leveson Gower, Hon. B.; Grenville, J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F.; Robinson, Sir T. (C 66/3625).
1749 23 June Halifax, Earl of; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Grenville, J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F.; Robinson, Sir T.; Townshend, Hon. C. (C 66/3627).
1749 21 Dec. Halifax, Earl of; Herbert, Hon. R. S.; Pitt, J.; Grenville, Hon. J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F.; Townshend, Hon. C.; Stone, A. (C 66/3628).
1752 6 Jan. Halifax, Earl of; Pitt, J.; Grenville, Hon. J.; Dupplin, Viscount; Fane, F.; Townshend, Hon. C.; Stone, A.; Oswald, J. (C 66/3635).
1754 6 April Halifax, Earl of; Pitt, J.; Grenville, Hon. J.; Fane, F.; Stone, A.; Oswald, J.; Edgcumbe, Hon. R.; Pelham, T. (C 66/3643).
1755 29 Dec. Halifax, Earl of; Fane, F.; Stone, A.; Oswald, J.; Pelham, T.; Talbot, Hon. J.; Jenyns, S.; Rigby, R. (C 66/3650).
1756 13 April Halifax, Earl of; Stone, A.; Oswald, J.; Pelham, T.; Talbot, Hon. J.; Jenyns, S.; Rigby, R.; Hamilton, W. G. (C 66/3652).
1756 13 Dec. Halifax, Earl of; Stone, A.; Oswald, J.; Pelham, T.; Jenyns, S.; Rigby, R.; Hamilton, W. G.; Sloper, W. (C 66/3655).
1760 14 Jan. Halifax, Earl of; Stone, A.; Pelham, T.; Jenyns, S.; Hamilton, W. G.; Sloper, W.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E. (C 66/3666).
1761 21 March Sandys, Lord; Stone, A.; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Thomas, Sir E.; Rice, G. (C 66/3675).
1761 4 Dec. Sandys, Lord; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Thomas, Sir E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J. (C 66/3682).
1763 5 Jan. Sandys, Lord; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Thomas, Sir E.; Rice, G.; Orwell, Lord (C 66/3686).
1763 1 March Townshend, Hon. C.; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Thomas, Sir E.; Rice, G.; Orwell, Lord (C 66/3687).
1763 23 April Shelburne, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Rice, G.; Orwell, Lord; Gascoyne, B. (C 66/3690).
1763 17 Sept. Hillsborough, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Rice, G.; Orwell, Lord; Gascoyne, B. (C 66/3692).
1764 2 May Hillsborough, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Bacon, E.; Rice, G.; Orwell, Lord; Gascoyne, B.; Dyson, J. (C 66/3695).
1765 12 Aug. Dartmouth, Lord; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Yorke, Hon. J.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W. (C 66/3702).
1766 3 Jan. Dartmouth, Lord; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Palmerston, Viscount (C 66/3704).
1766 18 Aug. Hillsborough, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Palmerston, Viscount (C 66/3707).
1766 22 Oct. Hillsborough, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Robinson, Hon. T. (C 66/3709).
1766 18 Dec. Nugent, R.; Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Robinson, Hon. T. (C 66/3711).
1768 12 July (fn. 1) Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Dyson, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Robinson, Hon. T. (C 66/3718).
1768 30 Dec. Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Rice, G.; Roberts, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Robinson, Hon. T.; Lisburne, Viscount (C 66/3720).
1770 25 April Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Roberts, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Lord; Northey, W. (C 66/3725).
1771 2 Feb. Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Roberts, J.; Fitzherbert, W.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Lord; Whately, T. (C 66/3730).
1772 10 Feb. Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Roberts, J.; Gascoyne, B.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Lord; Jolliffe, W. (C 66/3735).
1772 27 Aug. Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Gascoyne, B.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Lord; Jolliffe, W.; Garlies, Lord (C 66/3737).
1774 26 Jan. Jenyns, S.; Eliot, E.; Gascoyne, B.; Spencer, Lord R.; Jolliffe, W.; Keene, W.; Greville, Hon. C. F. (C 66/3744).
1776 15 March Jenyns, S.; Gascoyne, B.; Spencer, Lord R.; Jolliffe, W.; Keene, W.; Greville, Hon. C. F.; Eden, W. (C 66/3758).
1777 17 June Jenyns, S.; Gascoyne, B.; Spencer, Lord R.; Jolliffe, W.; Greville, Hon. C. F.; Eden, W.; de Grey, T. (C 66/3765).
1779 14 July Jenyns, S.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Hon. C. F.; Eden, W.; de Grey, T.; Stuart, A.; Gibbon, E. (C 66/3775).
1779 15 Nov. Carlisle, Earl of; Jenyns, S.; Spencer, Lord R.; Greville, Hon. C. F.; Eden, W.; de Grey, T.; Stuart, A.; Gibbon, E. (C 66/3777).
1780 16 Sept. Carlisle, Earl of; Spencer, Lord R.; Eden, W.; de Grey, T.; Stuart, A.; Gibbon, E.; Sloane, H.; Langlois, B. (C 66/3781).
1780 12 Dec. Grantham, Lord; Spencer, Lord R.; Eden, W.; de Grey, Hon. T.; Stuart, A.; Gibbon, E.; Sloane, H.; Langlois, B. (C 66/3783).
1782 2 Jan. Grantham, Lord; Eden, W.; Stuart, A.; Gibbon, E.; Sloane, H.; Fergusson, Sir A.; Storer, A. M.; Talbot, J. C. (C 66/3790).

Secretary 1696-1782

Although the appointment of the Secretary in 1696 was recorded as an act of the Board, it seems clear that the individual in question had already been nominated by the crown. (fn. 2) From 1707 the position of the crown was overtly recognised and the Secretary was admitted to office by the Board on the receipt of a letter from a Secretary of State signifying the royal nomination. (fn. 3) In 1722 the Board made an unsuccessful attempt to secure the right of appointment. (fn. 4) The office was held singly throughout the period except for the years 1753-8 when it was filled by two Secretaries acting jointly. (fn. 1) The salary, originally £500, was increased to £700 in 1764. (fn. 2)

1696 25 June Popple, W.
1707 19 May Popple, W.
1722 17 May Popple, A.
1737 19 Oct. Hill, T.
1753 6 June Hill, T.
Pownall, J.
1758 25 Oct. Pownall, J.
1776 23 Jan. Cumberland, R.

Deputy Secretary 1696-1782

The office of Deputy Secretary, or Chief Clerk, was created in 1696 with a salary of £100. (fn. 3) In 1712 the Deputy Secretary was granted an additional allowance of £100 from the contingency account of the office. (fn. 4) In 1764 the salary was fixed at £300. (fn. 5)

1696 Popple, W.
1707 Drift, A.
1714 20 Dec. Wheelock, B.
1735 9 April Gellibrand, S.
1758 12 April Rogers, R.
1764 4 July Bradbury, S.
1781 4 Dec. Roberts, W.

Solicitor and Clerk of Reports 1730-82

This office was created in 1730. (fn. 6) It was granted to joint holders in 1779. (fn. 7) The salary, which formed part of the contingent expenses of the Board, was fixed at £200 in 1730. (fn. 8) J. Pownall received an additional allowance of £100 from 1752 to 1753 as did Sedgwick and Bradbury from 1758 to 1764. (fn. 9) In 1764 the salary was fixed at £150. (fn. 10)

1730 18 Aug. Burrish, O.
1737 3 June Popple, W.
1745 1 May Pownall, J.
1753 6 June Sedgwick, E.
1763 28 Sept. Bradbury, S.
1764 4 July Silvester, E.
1765 31 May Cumberland, R.
1776 23 Jan. Serle, A. (fn. 11)
1779 15 June Goddard, J.
Elliott, G.

Clerks 1696-1782

In 1696 provision was made for four Clerks, three with salaries of £80 and one with a salary of £60. (fn. 1) The total number of Clerks was raised to five in 1700 and to six in 1701, slight alterations being made in their salaries from time to time. (fn. 2) In 1708 the establishment was fixed at seven Clerks, one at £80, one at £70, one at £60, two at £50 and two at £40. (fn. 3) This arrangement remained unaltered until 1764 when a new establishment was authorised consisting of nine Clerks with salaries of £100, £90, £80, £70, £60, £55, £50, £45 and £40. (fn. 4) At the time of the suppression of the Board in 1782 the number of Clerks had fallen to seven due to the fact that the vacancies which had occurred in 1777 and 1781 had not been filled. (fn. 5)

1696 Barker, W.
1696 Skynner, C.
1696 Whitworth, C.
1697 25 March Carroll, M.
1700 6 Aug. Drift, A.
1700 6 Aug. Wheelock, B.
1701 11 March Bruges, W.
1701 4 Nov. Loggan, J.
1703 13 May Estwick, N.
By 1708 Gellibrand, S.
Bertin, M.
By 1710 Hudson, I.
By 1714 Sanderson, A.
Gray, W.
1714 20 Dec. Hoskins, W.
By 1715 Holford, T.
1717 22 March Popple, A.
1721 7 Nov. Spencer, J.
1722 17 May Gedney, T.
1727 18 April Popple, H.
1727 18 April Lanham, R.
1727 10 May Rogers, R.
1727 12 Aug. Bradley, G.
1735 15 April Campion, W.
1735 5 June Matthias, G.
1736 30 March Hill, T.
1738 14 June Tutté, J.
1738 14 June Sedgwick, E.
1741 24 June Pownall, J.
1745 27 June Bradbury, S.
1748 19 Jan. Blucke, R.
1749 23 May Cranwell, R.
1752 5 Dec. Peacock, J.
1753 22 Nov. Dancer, F.
1756 14 Jan. Heron, H.
1758 16 Feb. Palmer, J. S.
1758 18 April Green, R.
1760 28 March Cuckow, D.
1761 14 March Berkeley, W.
1764 4 July Lewis, J.
1764 29 Nov. Nelme, L. D.
1765 22 April Roberts, W.
1765 22 April Owens, E.
1765 22 April Davis, C.
1765 22 April Samber, J. S.
1766 31 July Wilks, S.
1770 24 Jan. Pownall, J. L.
1770 24 Jan. Powell, J. J.
1770 24 Jan. Lloyd, W.
1772 21 Dec. Pownall, G.
1775 11 April Goddard, J.
1775 6 July Clark, F. R.
1779 7 Oct. Hughes, W.

Office Keepers 1696-1782

In 1696 provision was made for two Office or Chamber Keepers, sometimes known as Doorkeepers, each with a salary of £40. (fn. 1) On the abolition of the office of second Messenger in 1701 the salary of Child, one of the Office Keepers, was raised to £45 and he was given the additional title of Assistant Messenger. (fn. 2) On the death of Clarke in 1728 his office was abolished and all the duties were entrusted to Tregonning who had succeeded Child as Office Keeper and Assistant Messenger in 1721. (fn. 3) Thereafter the Board was served by one Office Keeper with a salary of £45.

1696 3 July Child, D.
1696 3 July Clarke, S.
1721 7 March Tregonning, R.
1733 27 Feb. Campion, W.
1735 15 April Hutchinson, J.
1740 7 Oct. Simpson, S.
1742 8 July Armitage, G.
1745 8 May Willis, R.
1758 19 Dec. Terrie, T.
1767 27 Feb. Bonnick, W.

Messengers 1696-1782

In 1696 provision was made for two Messengers, each with a salary of £40. (fn. 4) On the death of How in 1701 one of the offices was abolished and all the duties were entrusted to the remaining Messenger, Gray, who was given the additional title of Assistant Chamber Keeper and an increased salary of £45. (fn. 5) In 1756 the then Messenger was appointed Porter and held the two offices concurrently until the suppression of the Board. (fn. 6)

1696 3 July Gray, J.
1696 3 July How, R.
1723 10 Jan. Wilson, J.
1749 19 Dec. Serle, E.

Necessary Woman 1696-1782

In 1696 provision was made for a Necessary Woman with a salary of £30. (fn. 7)

1696 6 July Wood, M.
1701 25 March Wright, M.
By 1716 Fry, M.
By 1741 Griffin, B.
1760 5 Nov. Wright, A.
1777 29 April Serle, M.

Porter 1724-82

This office was created in 1724. The salary of £40, which originally formed part of the contingent expenses of the office, was made a charge on the establishment in 1728. (fn. 1) In 1756 the then Messenger was appointed Porter and held the two offices concurrently until the suppression of the Board. (fn. 2)

1724 15 July Griffin, G.
1756 7 Oct. Serle, E.

Counsel 1718-82

The 1696 commission empowered the Board to call upon the Attorney or Solicitor General or any of the King's Counsel for advice on legal matters. (fn. 3) From 1704 the Attorney and Solicitor General each received a standing allowance of 100 guineas in respect of their services in this connection. (fn. 4) In 1718 the Board was accorded the services of a permanent Counsel whose function was to report on all matters of law which were not considered to be of sufficient importance to require the opinion of the Attorney or Solicitor General. (fn. 5) West, the first holder of the office, was selected from amongst the King's Counsel. In 1725 his successor, Fane, was appointed Counsel specifically for the affairs of the Board of Trade. (fn. 6) In 1727, however, he was appointed a King's Counsel at large, a course that was followed in the cases of Lamb and Jackson. Having received their appointments from the crown by letters patent under the great seal, the Counsel were assigned to the service of the Board by means of a letter from one of the Secretaries of State. (fn. 7) In 1782 the function of reporting on colonial acts, which had previously been carried out by the Board's Counsel, was entrusted to a Counsel attached to the office of the Secretary of State who had charge of colonial business. (fn. 8)

In 1718 a salary of £300, payable at the Exchequer, was attached to the office. (fn. 1) In 1721 this salary was discontinued and a new arrangement was made whereby the Counsel was paid by the Treasury Solicitor. Thereafter his remuneration consisted of a fixed allowance calculated on the basis of twice weekly attendances at the Board at three guineas a time and a further fee of three guineas for each report on cases or colonial acts submitted to him by the Board. (fn. 2)

In the following list the dates are, except in the case of West, those of the letters patent.

1718 23 April West, R.
1725 19 Aug. Fane, F.
1746 12 Nov. Lamb, M.
1770 14 April Jackson, R.

(Oxford 1970), 21-32; PRO 30/8/184 f. 54). I am grateful to Mr. Michael Collinge for the last reference.

Footnotes

1 Commissions of 15 May 1696 (C 66/3386), 19 June 1702 (C 66/3430), 14 Oct. 1721 (C 66/3546). The office of Surveyor and Auditor General of Plantations, created in 1680, was held during the relevant period by Horatio Walpole (later Lord Walpole of Wolterton) 1717-57 and Hon. (later Lord) Robert Cholmondeley 1757-1804 (C. M. Andrews, Materials for American History to 1783 (Washington 1912-14), ii, 144-8).
2 The Secretaries of State presided as follows: Earl of Hillsborough 12 July 1768-15 Aug. 1772; Lord Dartmouth 15 Aug. 1772-10 Nov. 1775; Lord George Germain 10 Nov. 1775-15 Nov. 1779.
3 JCTP 1776-82, 472; 22 Geo. III, c 82.
4 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
5 BM Add. MS 32716 ff. 337-8; A. H. Basye, The Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations 1748-1782 (New Haven 1925), 34, 70 n. 97; M. A. Thomson, The Secretaries of State 1681-1782 (Oxford 1932), 170-1; L. B. Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III, 2nd ed. (London 1960), 227-8.
6 T 52/52 p. 153; T 53/48 pp. 7, 16; T 52/55 pp. 49, 54-5, 311-12; T 52/57 pp. 312-13; T 52/58 pp. 360-1, 416; T 52/68 p. 176; T 52/69 p. 248.
1 The enrolled letters patent are dated 8 July in error (T 53/51 p. 125; JCTP 1768-75, 38).
2 CO 391/9 p. 7; BM Add. MS 9729 ff. 140-1.
3 JCTP 1704-9, 356.
4 CSPC (America & West Indies) 1722-3, 42-3.
1 During Cumberland's absences from the office, the duties of Secretary were undertaken by Elliott, the Solicitor and Clerk of Reports (JCTP 1776-82, 343, 432-4).
2 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8; JCTP 1764-7, 90.
3 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
4 JCTP 1709-15, 340. Earlier attempts to secure an increase in salary had been unsuccessful (CTB, xv, 409; CO 389/36 pp. 82-3, 393).
5 JCTP 1764-7, 90.
6 CSPC (America & West Indies) 1730, 231-2; JCTP 1729-34, 139.
7 JCTP 1776-82, 257.
8 JCTP 1729-34, 139.
9 CO 388/83.
10 JCTP 1764-7, 90-1.
11 During Serle's absence the duties of the office were carried out at follows: by the Clerks, Palmer and Goddard 21 May 1776-26 Dec. 1777 and by Goddard and Elliott 26 Dec. 1777-15 June 1779 (JCTP 1776-82, 28, 257).
1 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
2 ibid. pp. 106-7, 136-8; CO 391/14 pp. 194-5, 208; CO 391/15 pp. 103-4; CO 391/16 pp. 111, 354.
3 JCTP 1704-9, 451.
4 JCTP 1764-7, 90-1. Provision was made for these amounts to be increased as the pensions granted to retired officials on this occasion fell in (ibid.; T 1/579 Schedule 3).
5 JCTP 1776-82, 125, 442. Although Palmer retired in 1777 he was allowed to remain on the establishment at full salary until 1782 (T 1/579 Schedule 3).
1 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
2 ibid. pp. 136-8; Co 391/14 pp. 194-5.
3 JCTP 1723-8, 425.
4 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
5 ibid. pp. 136-8; CO 391/14 pp. 194-5.
6 JCTP 1754-8, 258.
7 CO 389/36 pp. 35-8.
1 JCTP 1723-8, 106, 425.
2 JCTP 1754-8, 258.
3 Commission of 15 May 1696 (C 66/3386); CTB, xviii, 84, 442.
4 CTB, xix, 244. Their Clerks received allowances of 10 guineas (ibid. xxii, 34).
5 CSPC (America & West Indies) 1717-18, 198; JCTP 1715-18, 369.
6 Letters patent of 19 Aug. 1725 (C 66/3561).
7 JCTP 1723-8, 195; JCTP 1742-9, 214-15; JCTP 1768-75, 185.
8 This office was held by William Selwyn 1782-3, 1783-96, James Mansfield 1783 and William Baldwin 1796-1813. James Stephen was appointed in 1813 and, between 1825 and 1836, also held the office of Law Clerk to the Board of Trade (D. M. Young, The Colonial Office in the Early 19th Century (London 1961), 58 n. 2; D. B. Swinfen, Imperial Control of Colonial Legislation 1813-1865
1 CTB, xxxii, 441.
2 T 29/24, pt. ii p. 38; T 52/31 pp. 159-60; T 1/238 f. 271; AO 1/2321/48; CO 389/37 pp. 247-9.