Clerks 1782-1822

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J.M. Collinge

Year published

1979

Supporting documents

Pages

17-18

Citation Show another format:

'Clerks 1782-1822', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 8: Foreign Office Officials 1782-1870 (1979), pp. 17-18. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16866 Date accessed: 24 October 2014.


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Clerks 1782-1822

Until 1795 no fixed convention governed the number of Clerks appointed by the Secretary of State. On its formation in 1782 the Foreign Office contained, in addition to the Chief Clerk, seven established Clerks. (fn. 1) The number was increased to eight in July 1782, to nine in 1783 and to ten in 1790. (fn. 2) From 1793 the number fluctuated until it was fixed at eleven in 1795. (fn. 3) In 1804 the number effectively fell to ten when the First Senior Clerk was given the title of Second Chief Clerk. (fn. 4) The appointment of two additional Clerks was authorised in 1809. (fn. 5) The title of Second Chief Clerk was discontinued in 1817 and the number of Clerks rose to the permitted maximum of thirteen. An unsalaried Supernumerary Clerk held office, February 1801-February 1802 and September 1802-January 1803.

As had been the practice in the Northern Department, the term 'Senior Clerk' was applied until 1804 to the two most senior Clerks and from 1804 until 1822 to the three most senior Clerks in the office. (fn. 6) The term, however, has not been adopted in these lists until it was applied to a distinct grade in 1822, when the Clerks were divided into three classes of Senior, Second Class and Junior.

Between 1782 and 1795 the Clerks received their remuneration in the form of salaries from the Secretary of State, allowances from the Post Office and various perquisites. (fn. 7) In the latter year they were provided with consolidated salaries from the fee fund, receiving in order of seniority £650, £450, £300, £200, £160, £140, £130, £120, £110, £100 and £80. (fn. 8) The two Clerks added to the establishment in 1809 were each accorded salaries of £80. (fn. 9) In 1809 provision was made for the salary of each Clerk to be increased according to length of service, the amounts being £80 after five years, £200 after ten years, £300 after fifteen years and £400 after twenty years. (fn. 10)

1782 27 March Broughton, B.
1782 27 March Aust, G.
1782 27 March Bidwell, T.
1782 27 March Carter, R.
1782 27 March Jenkins, J. W.
1782 27 March Money, W.
1782 27 March Manby, J.
1782 16 July Hinchliffe, J.
1783 31 July Rolleston, S.
1784 5 July Moore, F.
1787 12 Jan. Jackson, F. J.
1788 22 April Broughton, C. R.
1788 17 Oct. Hay, J. W.
1790 20 Oct. Bidwell, T.
1790 20 Oct. Warren, C.
1792 2 Aug. Taylor, H.
1793 27 Sept. Taylor, W. W.
1793 27 Sept. Taylor, B.
1794 Flint, C. W.
1795 5 Jan. Cockburn, A.
1796 21 April Wynn, T. E.
1797 18 Aug. Casamajor, J.
1798 5 July Noel, C. N.
1799 1 April Williams Wynn,H.W.
1799 1 April Bidwell, J.
1799 5 April Bandinel, J.
1801 23 Jan. Byng, F. G.
1801 1 Feb. Hoppner, R. B.
1802 17 Feb. Rolleston, H. J. (fn. 11)
1803 5 Jan. Planta, J. (fn. 12)
1805 18 Oct. Graham, D.
1809 5 Jan. Jackson, J.
1809 20 Jan. Turner, W.
1814 5 July Scheener, E.
1817 5 July Lenox Conyngham, G.
1817 5 July Bankhead, C.
1817 28 Sept. Staveley, T.
1818 5 July Parish, W.

Footnotes

1 FO 366/669, pt. i, p. 65.
2 ibid. pt. ii, pp. 5, 47; FO 366/670 p. 61.
3 Order in council 27 Feb. 1795 (16th Rept. on Finance, 309-11).
4 See p. 16.
5 Order in council 11 Jan. 1809 (FO 366/671 pp. 364-5).
6 It was used invariably in the published lists of the establishment and in the Foreign Office quarterly salary book 1795-1822 (FO 366/380).
7 1st Rept. on Fees, 6-7, 29-32.
8 Order in council 27 Feb. 1795 (16th Rept. on Finance, 309-11). The salary of £650 was not made available to a Clerk in the years 1804-17 but formed part of the salary of the Second Chief Clerk.
9 Order in council 11 Jan. 1809 (FO 366/671 pp. 364-5).
10 Order in council 10 May 1809 (ibid. pp. 380-2).
11 Served as unsalaried Supernumerary Clerk from 1 Feb. 1801.
12 Served as unsalaried Supernumerary Clerk from 27 Sept. 1802.