29. CHILDREN'S EMPLOYMENT 1840-3
Four Commissioners were appointed in 1840 to inquire throughout the United
Kingdom into the employment of the children of the poorer classes in mines and
collieries, and in the various branches of trade and manufacture not included in the
provisions of the acts for regulating the employment of children and young persons
in mills and factories. They were instructed to collect information as to the ages at
which they were employed, the number of hours they worked and as to the effect of
their employment on their morals and bodily health. (fn. 1) To collect this information,
the Home Secretary appointed between November 1840 and March 1841 twenty
Sub-Commissioners, who were assigned to specific industrial areas. (fn. 2) The Commissioners reported on the employment of children in mines and collieries on 21 April
1842 ( HC (1842) xv) and on the employment of children in trade and
manufacture on 30 January 1843 ( HC (1843) xiii). The reports of the SubCommissioners were published as appendices to the main reports ([381-2] HC
(1842) xvi, xvii; [431-2] HC (1843) xiv, xv).
Two of the Commissioners, Tooke and Smith, were awarded allowances of £500
for their services. No allowances were awarded to Horner and Saunders, who were
already in receipt of salaries as Inspectors of Factories. (fn. 3) The Sub-Commissioners
were awarded allowances of £100 for their services in addition to their actual
travelling expenses and a daily personal allowance of one guinea whilst travelling. (fn. 4)
The Secretary, named in the commission, was awarded an allowance of £500. (fn. 5)
Commissioners 20 Oct. 1840 Tooke, T.; Smith, T. S.; Horner, L.; Saunders,
R. J. (C 66/4609).
19 Nov. 1840
||Mitchell, J. (HO 74/1 pp. 225-6).
|19 Nov. 1840
||Stewart, L. (ibid.).
|19 Nov. 1840
||Scriven, S. S. (ibid.).
|19 Nov. 1840
||Kennedy, J. L. (ibid.).
|19 Nov. 1840
||Grainger, R. D. (ibid.).
|19 Nov. 1840
||Symons, J. C. (ibid.).
|7 Dec. 1840
||Roper, F. (ibid.).
6 Jan. 1841
||Tancred, T. (ibid. pp. 233-4).
|9 Jan. 1841
||Franks, R. H. (ibid. p. 236).
|22 Jan. 1841
||Austin, A. (ibid. p. 237).
|22 Jan. 1841
||Leifchild, J. R. (ibid. p. 238).
||Wood, W. R. ( p. 2 HC (1842) xv, 14). (fn. 6)
|12 Feb. 1841
||Martin, T. (HO 74/1 p. 239).
|12 Feb. 1841
||Burns, J. G. (ibid.).
|17 Feb. 1841
||Horne, R. H. (ibid. p. 241).
|20 Feb. 1841
||Waring, E. (ibid. p. 242).
|25 Feb. 1841
||Fellows, J. M. (ibid. p. 243).
|3 March 1841
||Barham, C. (ibid. p. 244).
|12 March 1841
||Jones, R. W. (ibid. p. 248).
|13 March 1841
||Jones, H. H. (ibid. p. 249).
Secretary 20 Oct. 1840 Fletcher, J. (C 66/4609).
30. DEFAULTS OF OFFICIAL ASSIGNESS OF COURT OF BANKRUPTCY 1841-3
Five Commissioners were appointed in 1841 to inquire into the defaults of any
official assignees of the court of bankruptcy and into the best means of preventing
such defaults in future. (fn. 7) The number of Commissioners was reduced to four on the
death of Cross in 1842. Three of the Commissioners, Rose, Ellis and Hawes
completed a report, dated 20 June 1843, which was sent to the Home Secretary on
29 July 1843. The report was printed in the form of a House of Commons paper, but
was not presented to the House. It was not sent to the Home Secretary by the
commission's official Secretary, William Vizard, who at the time of his appointment
was the Lord Chancellor's Secretary of Bankrupts, an office which he lost in
September 1841, but by Richard Clarke, the new Lord Chancellor's Secretary of
Bankrupts. (fn. 8) In 1846 the House of Commons sought information on the commission's progress and addressed its inquiry to Vizard, who replied that he had ceased to
be Secretary to the commission at the time he ceased to be Secretary of Bankrupts. (fn. 9)
There is no evidence that any remuneration was paid to the Commissioners or any
Commissioners 15 May 1841 Cross, Sir J. (fn. 10) ; Rose, Sir G.; Ellis, W.; Crawford,
W.; Hawes, B. (C 66/4629).
Secretary 15 May 1841 Vizard, W. (ibid.).
31. IMPROVEMENT OF THE METROPOLIS 1842-51
Thirteen Commissioners were appointed in 1842 to inquire into the most effectual
means of improving the metropolis and of providing improved facilities of communication within it. One of the Commissioners, Humphery, was Lord Mayor of
London at the time of his appointment, and provision was made that both he and the
lord mayor for the time being should be represented on the commission. (fn. 11) Two
additional Commissioners were appointed in 1846. (fn. 12) The chairmanship of the
commission was held successively by Lincoln, Canning and Morpeth as holders of
the office of First Commissioner of Woods and Forests. (fn. 13) The commission issued
seven reports: 27 January 1844 (HC 15 (1844) xv); 7 May 1845 (HC 348 (1845) xvii,
1); 9 April 1845 ( HC (1845) xvii, 341); 23 April 1845 ( HC (1845) xvii,
439); 23 July 1845 ( HC (1846) xxiv, 321); 15 July 1847 ( HC (1847) xvi,
349); 7 August 1850 ( HC (1851) xxix, 287). Hope did not sign the second,
third and fourth reports; Canning and Barry did not sign the sixth report; and
Lincoln did not sign the sixth and seventh reports.
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, named in the commission, was awarded a salary of £250. (fn. 14)
The lord mayors of London, who sat on the commission ex officio, are not included
in the following list. (fn. 15)
Commissioners 23 Nov. 1842 Lincoln, Earl of; Lyttelton, Lord; Colborne, Lord;
Herries, J. C.; Humphery, J.; Inglis, Sir R. H.; Lemon, Sir C.; Hope, H. T.; Gally
Knight, H. (fn. 16) ; Milne, A.; Gore, Hon. C. A.; Smirke, Sir R. (fn. 17) ; Barry, C. (HO 38/42 pp.
30 March 1846 Canning, Viscount (HO 38/46 pp. 276-8).
29 July 1846 Morpeth, Viscount (ibid. pp. 482-3).
Secretary 23 Nov. 1842 Philipps, T. W. (HO 38/42 pp. 241-7).
32. MIDLAND MINES 1842-3
A single Commissioner was appointed in 1842 to make a special inquiry into the
condition of the persons employed in mines in Worcestershire, Warwickshire,
Staffordshire and Shropshire; into their opportunities for obtaining religious
instruction and school education; into the work they performed and the wages they
received. (fn. 18) Commissioner Tancred reported on 30 May 1843 ( HC (1843) xiii).
Tancred was remunerated at the rate of £50 a month in addition to a personal
expenses allowance of £1 a day and his actual travelling expenses. (fn. 19) He did not
employ a secretary.
Commissioner 7 Dec. 1842 Tancred, T. (HO 38/42 pp. 269-72).
33. HEALTH OF TOWNS 1843-8
Thirteen Commissioners were appointed in 1843 to inquire into the state of large
towns and populous districts in England and Wales with reference to the causes of
disease among the inhabitants, and into the best means of promoting and securing
public health. (fn. 20) The commission divided the country into six districts to be visited by
one or more members of the commission and allotted miscellaneous towns not
included within the districts to individual Commissioners. (fn. 21) The commission issued
its first report on 27 June 1844 ( HC (1844) xvii) and its second report, to
which were appended the district reports, on 3 February 1845 ([602, 610] HC
(1845) xviii, 1, 299). There is no evidence that the Commissioners held any formal
meetings after the signing of the second report, and in August 1845 the Home
Secretary reported that their work was complete. The commission, however, was
kept in being until April 1848 so that salaries could be paid to its Secretary and a
clerk, who were seconded to the office of the First Commissioner of Woods and
Forests, the government official with responsibility for the introduction of public
health legislation. (fn. 22)
Of the Commissioners, Buccleuch, the Lord Privy Seal, Lincoln, the First
Commissioner of Woods and Forests, Slaney, a former Member of Parliament, and
Graham, the Registrar-General, were offered no remuneration. Cubitt, whose
professional commitments had prevented his devoting many days to the work of the
commission, declined to take any payment. The remaining eight Commissioners
were remunerated at the rate of 3 guineas a day whilst actually employed on the
business of the commission in London or in the country, and with the exception of
Stephenson, were awarded an additional payment of 50 guineas for 'special
services'. (fn. 23) The Secretary, named in the commission, received a salary of £600
payable until 1 April 1848. (fn. 24) Although not a Commissioner or an official, Edwin
Chadwick, the Secretary of the Poor Law Commission, was active at all stages of the
inquiry, and in December 1845 submitted a request for remuneration amounting to
£1,575. As 'a public servant in the receipt of a salary' Chadwick was denied any
remuneration, but was grudgingly allowed a sum of £180 for 'expenses out of
pocket'. (fn. 25)
Commissioners 9 May 1843 Buccleuch, Duke of; Lincoln, Earl of; Slaney, R. A.;
Graham, G.; de la Beche, Sir H. T.; Playfair, L.; Reid, D. B.; Owen, R.; Denison,
W. T.; Martin, J. R.; Smith, J.; Stephenson, R.; Cubitt, W. (C 66/4686).
Secretary 9 May 1843 Hobhouse, H. (ibid.).
34. SOUTH WALES TURNPIKES 1843-4.
Three Commissioners were appointed in 1843 to inquire into the state of the laws as
administered in South Wales which regulated the maintenance and repair of
turnpike roads, highways and bridges and also into the circumstances which had led
to the recent acts of violence in certain districts (i.e. the 'Rebecca Riots'). (fn. 26) The
Commissioners pursued inquiries in South Wales 25 Oct. - 13 Dec. 1843 and
reported on 6 March 1844 ( HC (1844) xvi, 77).
The Commissioners were allowed no salaries but received an allowance of two
guineas a day each for personal expenses whilst in South Wales in addition to their
actual travelling expenses. (fn. 27) The Secretary, named in the commission, received an
allowance of five guineas a day for salary and personal expenses whilst in South
Wales, and a sum of £100 for his services in London. (fn. 28)
Commissioners 11 Oct. 1843 Lewis, T. F.; Clive, Hon. R. H.; Cripps, W. (C
Secretary 11 Oct. 1843 Rickards, G. K. (ibid.).
35. FRAMEWROK KNITTERS 1844-5
In response to representations that where persons were employed in framework
knitting, the truck system prevailed, a single Commissioner was appointed in 1844
to inquire into the manner in which the wages of the persons engaged in that trade in
the counties of Leicester, Nottingham and Derby were paid and generally into the
condition of the framework knitters in those counties. (fn. 29) Commissioner Muggridge
reported on 20 February 1845 ([609, 618, 641] HC (1845) xv, 1, 151, 665).
Muggeridge was remunerated at the rate of £50 a month in addition to a personal
expenses allowance of £1 a day and his actual travelling expenses. (fn. 30) He did not
employ a secretary.
Commissioner 5 Feb. 1844 Muggeridge, R. M. (HO 38/43 pp. 492-5).
36. COLLAPSE OF MILLl AT OLDHAM AND PRISONS AT NORTHLEACH
Two Commissioners were appointed in 1844 to investigate the causes of the
collpase of a cotton mill belonging to Messsrs. Radcliffe at Oldham and of the partial
collapse of the prison at Northleach, Gloucestershire. (fn. 31) They reported on 28
February 1845 ( HC (1845) xvi, 539).
The Commissioners were unsalaried, but were awarded expenses of some £45
each. (fn. 32) They did not employ a secretary.
Commissioners 28 Nov. 1844 de la Beche, Sir H. T.; Cubitt, T. (HO 38/45 pp.
37. TIDAL HARBOURS 1845-6
Nine Commissioners were appointed in February 1845 to inquire into the state and
condition of the tidal harbours, shores and navigable rivers of the United Kingdom
and as to the powers of the Admiralty with respect to their conservation. Three of the
nine were ex officio members: the holders of the offices of Admiralty Hydrographer,
Astronomer Royal and Admiralty Counsel. (fn. 33) In April 1845 Lowry Corry was
succeeded as chairman by Bowles and an additional Commissioner was appointed. (fn. 34)
The Commissioners issued a preliminary report on 8 July 1845 ( HC (1845)
xvi, 269) and a second report on 20 March 1846 ( HC (1846) xviii). Seventeen
reports on English and Irish harbours were printed with the second report. Reports
on the harbours of Scotland were not presented to the House until 1847 ( HC
The Commissioners were unsalaried. They were not empowered to appoint a
Secretary. (fn. 35)
In the following list, ex officio members are omitted. (fn. 36)
Commissioners 1 Feb. 1845 Lowry Corry, Hon. H. T. (fn. 37) ; Hume, J.; Chapman, A.;
Rice, E. R.; Baring, T.; Washington, J. (C 66/4734).
4 April 1845 Bowles, W. vice Lowry Corry; Bremer, Sir J.J. G. (C 66/4739).
38. JUDICIAL CIRCUITS 1845
As the circuits of the judges in England and Wales were very unequal, ten
Commissioners were appointed in February 1845 to inquire whether it would be
expedient to make any alteration in the division of the country into circuits and in the
times for holding circuits. (fn. 38) They reported on 3 June 1845 ( HC (1845) xiv, 535).
Heathcote did not sign the report.
The Commissioners and their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners,
served without remuneration.
Commissioners 14 Feb. 1845 Parke, Sir J.; Alderson, Sir E. H.; Coleridge, Sir J.
T.; Stuart Wortley, Hon. J. A.; Kelly, F.; Whateley, W.; Greenwood, J.; Heathcote,
Sir W.; Denison, E.; Bucknall Estcourt, T. G. (HO 38/45 pp. 140-6).
Secretary by 9 May 1845 Bayley, W. P. ( p. 9 HC (1845) xiv, 543).
39. RAILWAY GAUGE 1845-6
Three Commissioners were appointed in 1845 to inquire whether, in future private
acts of parliament for the construction of railways, provision ought to be made for
securing a uniform gauge; and whether it would be practicable to take measures to
bring the railways already constructed in Great Britain into uniformity of gauge. (fn. 39)
Their undated report ([684, 699, 700] HC (1846) xvi, 1, 29, 383) was presented to
the House of Commons on 17 February 1846. (fn. 40)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners, was awarded an allowance of one guinea a day. (fn. 41)
Commissioners 11 July 1845 Smith, Sir J. M. F.; Airy, G. B.; Barlow, P. (C
Secretary by 21 July 1845 Watson, W. (HO 36/28 pp. 180-1).
40. METROPOLITAN RAILWAY TERMINI 1846
Five Commissioners were appointed in April 1846 to investigate the various railway
projects, the termini of which were proposed to be established within, or in the
immediate vicinity of the metropolis. (fn. 42) They reported on 27 June 1846 ([719, 750-I
and II] HC (1846) xvii, 1, 25, 399).
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners, was awarded an allowance of one guinea a day. (fn. 43)
Commissioners 2 April 1846 Canning, Viscount; Dalhousie, Earl of; Johnson, J.;
Herries, J. C.; Smith, Sir J. M. F. (C 66/4776).
Secretary by 9 April 1846 Watson, W. ([750-1] p. 250 HC (1846) xvii, 278).
41. MILLBANK PRISONS 1846-7
Three Commissioners were appointed in 1846 to inquire into the management of
Millbank Prison and into certain allegations made in two petitions to the House of
Commons by Edward Baker, a former warder of the prison. (fn. 44) Their report, dated 8
January 1847 ( HC (1847) xxx, 1) was signed by only two of the Commissioners. The third, Escott, produced a separate minority report dated 1 February 1847,
but as it was not submitted with the majority report, the Home Secretary refused to
present it to the Queen. It was, however, later laid before the House of Commons. (fn. 45)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. They employed only a clerk to assist them. (fn. 46)
Commissioners 17 Aug. 1846 Chichester, Earl of; Seymour, Lord; Escott, B. S.
42. NEW BISHOPRICS 1847
Fourteen Commissioners were appointed in 1847, in view of the intention to create
a bishopric of Manchester and three other new bishoprics, to consider the state of
the bishoprics in England and Wales. (fn. 47) They quickly produced a first report, dated
20 April 1847, concerned only with the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor and the
proposed new diocese of Manchester (HC 324 (1847) xxxiii, 115). They then went
on to consider the sees of Norwich, Ely, Peterborough, London, Rochester and
Canterbury and the proposed new dioceses of St. Albans, Southwell and Cornwall. (fn. 48)
On 7 July 1847 the Secretary forwarded to Lord John Russell, who with the
Archbishop of Canterbury shared the leadership of the commission, a draft second
report, commenting that there was now no reason why it should not be ingrossed and
signed. However, it appears never to have been signed and was certainly not made
public. (fn. 49) On 2 August the Secretary issued a circular stating that meetings of the
commission were suspended for the present. (fn. 50) There is no evidence in the surviving
minute book of any formal meeting later than 2 July 1847.
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, Murray, who was named
in the commission, was also Secretary to the Ecclesiastical Commission, and was
presumably expected to serve as Secretary to the New Bishoprics Commission
without salary. In 1849 he was forced to resign from his post as Secretary to the
Ecclesiastical Commission because he had diverted the Commission's funds to his
own use. (fn. 51) William Good, one of his former officials at the Ecclesiastical Commission, then submitted to the Home Secretary a statement concerning the affairs of the
New Bishoprics Commission which he claimed was still in existence 'although all
business has been suspended since March 1848'. He also claimed that he and seven
other officials of the Ecclesiastical Commission had been employed in the service of
the New Bishoprics Commission. Good and the other officials were unsuccessful in
their claims for remuneration, although they may have received small payments
from two sums of £350 paid to Murray in August and December 1847 to meet the
expenses of the New Bishoprics Commission. (fn. 52)
Commissioners 10 Feb. 1847 Canterbury, Archbishop of; Cottenham, Lord;
York, Archbishop of; Lansdowne, Marquess of; Chichester, Earl of; Powis, Earl of;
Russell, Lord J.; London, Bishop of; Durham, Bishop of; Winchester, Bishop of;
Lincoln, Bishop of; Chester, Bishop of; Grey, Sir G.; Wood, Sir C. (C 66/4804).
Secretary 10 Feb. 1847 Murray, C. K. (ibid.).
43. REGISTRATION AND CONVEYANCING 1847-54
Seven Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to inquire whether the burdens on
land could be diminished by the establishment of an effective system for the
registration of deeds and the simplification of the forms of conveyance, and by what
means this could be effected. (fn. 53) Their first report on the registration of deeds was
received in chancery on 1 July 1850 ( HC (1850) xxxii). It was not signed by
Humphry and Broderip, who submitted a supplementary paper to the report
expressing their differences of opinion. (fn. 54) Although the first report concluded with
the promise to report speedily on the simplification of the forms of conveyance, no
second report was ever produced. It is not clear who took over the chairmanship on
the death of Langdale in 1851. The commission was formally closed on 7 February
1854 following the appointment of a commission on the registration of title. (fn. 55)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, named in the commission, was awarded in August 1851 an allowance of £1,200 for his services up to that
time, and in May 1854 a further sum of £350 for his work after August 1851. (fn. 56)
Commissioners 18 Feb. 1847 Langdale, Lord (fn. 57) ; Beaumont, Lord; Humphry, J.;
Ker, C. H. B.; Coulson, W.; Frere, G.; Broderip, F. (C 66/4805).
Secretary 18 Feb. 1847 Sanders, G. W. (ibid.).
44. MERCHANT SEAMEN'S FUND 1847-8
Five Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to inquire into the condition, prospects
and management of the Merchant Seamen's Fund regulated by statutes 20 Geo. II
c.38 and 5 & 6 William IV c.19. (fn. 58) Their undated report ( HC (1847-8) xxviii,
439) was presented to the House of Commons on 19 April 1848. (fn. 59)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, named in the commission, who was already in receipt of a salary as Précis Writer to the Board of Trade, (fn. 60)
was also unsalaried.
Commissioners 5 June 1847 Ellenborough, Earl of; Codrington, Sir E.; Clay, Sir
W.; Loch,J.; Enderby, C. (C 66/4814).
Secretary 5 June 1847 de Lousada, F. (ibid.).
45. BRITISH MUSEUM 1847-50
Eleven Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to inquire into the constitution and
government of the British Museum, into the administration of its funds, and into the
condition of its several departments with the view of ascertaining in what way it
could be made more effective for the advancement of literature, science and the
arts. (fn. 61) The number of Commissioners was increased to fourteen in 1848, (fn. 62) and fell to
thirteen on the death of the Bishop of Norwich in 1849. The commission issued its
report on 28 March 1850 ( HC (1850) xxiv). (fn. 63) It was not signed by Langdale. (fn. 64)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners, was awarded a salary of £300. (fn. 65)
Commissioners 17 June 1847 Ellesmere, Earl of; Norwich, Bishop of (fn. 66) ; Langdale,
Lord; Wrottesley, Lord; Grey Egerton, Sir P. de M.; Lemon, Sir C.; Murchison, Sir
R. I.; Rutherfurd, A.; Hume, J.; Rogers, S.; Milnes, R. M. (C 66/4815).
4 May 1848 Seymour, Lord; Canning, Viscount; Shaw Lefevre, J. G. (C
Secretary by 1 July 1847 Collier, J. P. (HO 74/2 p. 61).
46. MARRIAGE LAWS 1847-50
Six Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to inquire into the state and operation of
the laws of marriage as relating to the prohibited degrees of affinity and to marriages
solemnised abroad or in the British colonies. (fn. 67) The number of Commissioners fell to
five on the death of Blake in January 1849 and was increased to seven in February
1849. (fn. 68) Their first undated report ( HC (1847-8) xxviii, 233) was presented to
the House of Commons on 3 July 1848. (fn. 69) Their second report, concerning East
Indian marriages, was dated 18 April 1850 ( HC (1850) xx, 363). It was not
signed by the Bishop of Lichfield or Williams.
The Commissioners were unsalaried. The commission's two Secretaries, both of
whom were appointed by warrant under the royal sign manual, also served without
Commissioners 28 June 1847 Lichfield, Bishop of; Stuart Wortley, Hon. J. A.;
Lushington, S.; Blake, A. R. (fn. 70) ; Williams, Sir E. V.; Rutherfurd, A. (HO 38/47 pp.
19 Feb. 1849 Arundel and Surrey, Earl of; Ryan, Sir E. (HO 38/49 pp. 84-6).
Secretary 28 June 1847 Merivale, H. (fn. 71) (HO 38/47 pp. 409-13).
10 Nov. 1847 Haggard, J. vice Merivale (HO 38/48 pp. 69-71).
47. APPLICATION OF IRON TO RAILWAY STRUCTURES1847-9
Six Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to inquire into the conditions to be
observed by engineers in the application of iron in structures exposed to violent
concussions and vibration and to illustrate by theory and experiment the action
which took place under varying conditions in iron railway bridges. (fn. 72) They reported
on 26 July 1849 ( HC (1849) xxix).
The Commissioners and their Secretary, named in the commission, received no
Commissioners27 Aug. 1847 Wrottesley, Lord; Willis, R.; James, H.; Rennie,
G.; Cubitt, W.; Hodgkinson, E. (HO 38/47 pp. 513-18).
Secretary27 Aug. 1847 Galton, D. S. (ibid.).
48. HEALTH OF THE METROPOLIS 1847-50
Five Commissioners were appointed in 1847 to. inquire whether any and what
special means might be requisite for the improvement of the health of the
metropolis. (fn. 73) The commission issued three reports, dated 19 November 1847 ([888,
895] HC (1847-8) xxxii, 1, 57); 19 February 1848 ([911, 921] HC (1847-8) xxxii, 0.
253, 293); and 13 July 1848 ( HC (1847-8) xxxii, 339). The formation in
October 1848 of the General Board of Health, to which many of the commission's
officials were appointed, effectively concluded its labours, although the commission
was not formally closed until 22 January 1850. (fn. 74)
Of the Commissioners, Grosvenor and Jones received no remuneration; Smith
and Owen were awarded allowances of £300 and £200 respectively; and Chadwick
was awarded the salary of £1,200 which he had previously received as Secretary to
the Poor Law Commission. (fn. 75) Their Secretary, Austin, named in the commission,
was awarded an allowance of £200. (fn. 76) As Austin was much occupied as a civil
engineer, an Assistant Secretary, with a salary of £200, was also employed. (fn. 77)
Commissioners 24 Sept. 1847 Grosvenor, Lord R.; Chadwick, E.; Smith, T. S.;
Owen, R.; Jones, R. L. (C 66/4823).
Secretary 24 Sept. 1847 Austin, H. (ibid.).
Assistant Secretary Dec. 1847 Bain, A. (A. Bain, Autobiography (1904), 197).
49. EPISCOPAL AND CAPITULAR REVENUS 1849-51
Six Commissioners were appointed in 1849 to inquire into the system of leasing and
managing the real property of the church, belonging to the archbishops and bishops
and to the cathedrals and collegiate churches and also that vested in the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. They were authorised to consider how the property could be
made most conducive to the spiritual welfare of the people and how fixed instead of
fluctuating incomes could be made available to archbishops, bishops and the officers
of cathedrals and collegiate churches. (fn. 78) They issued two reports: the first, dated 31
January 1850, on the management of farms and lands ([1135, 1175] HC (1850) xx,
35, 45); and the second, dated 30 July 1850, on the management of manorial lands,
house property and mines ( HC (1850) xx, 353). The commission remained
in existence until the passing of the Episcopal and Capitular Estates Management
Act (14 & 15 Vict. c.104) in 1851. (fn. 79)
The Commissioners and their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners,
received no remuneration. (fn. 80)
Commissioners 8 Jan. 1849 Harrowby, Earl of; Lyall, W. R.; Wood, W. P.;
Armstrong, R. B.; Shaw Lefevre, J. G.; Jones, R. (HO 38/49 pp. 34-9).
Secretary Johnson, J. J. (fn. 81)
50. SUBDIVISION OF PARISHES 1849-56
Seventeen Commissioners were appointed in 1849 to inquire into the practicability
and mode of subdividing into distinct and independent parishes for ecclesiastical
purposes, all the densely peopled parishes in England and Wales in such manner
that the population of each should not exceed four thousand souls. (fn. 82) The number of
Commissioners fell to sixteen on the death of Raikes. The Commissioners issued
three reports: 27 July 1849 (HC 582 (1849) xxii, 119); 3 May 1850 ( HC
(1850) xx, 29); and 14 March 1855, on the proposed removal of some of the
churches in the City of London ( HC (1854-5) xv, 877). (fn. 83) The third report
was not signed by Hook, Cotton or Jelf. The commission was formally closed in
February 1856. (fn. 84)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, named in the commission, was awarded a salary of £800. (fn. 85)
Commissioners 4 April 1849 York, Archbishop of; Harrowby, Earl of; London,
Bishop of; Lichfield, Bishop of; Ashley, Lord; Herbert, Hon. S.; Buxton, Sir E. N.;
Raikes, H. (fn. 86) ; Sinclair, J.; Hook, W. F.; Dale, T.; Cotton, W.; Champneys, W. W.;
Murray, C. K. (fn. 87) ; Woodrooffe, W.; Haslegrave, J.; Seeley, R. B. (HO 38/49 pp.
3 Dec. 1849 Jelf, G. vice Murray (ibid. pp. 445-50).
Secretary 4 April 1849 Kingscote, H. (ibid. pp. 163-8).
51. CHARITIES 1849-51
Nine Commissioners were appointed in 1849 to inquire into those cases which had
been investigated by the commission appointed in 1818 to inquire into charities (5),
but had not been certified to the Attorney General. (fn. 88) They issued two reports dated
25 June 1850 ( HC (1850) xx, 15) and 29 May 1851 ( HC (1851) xxii,
The Commissioners and their Secretary, whose appointment was in their gift,
Commissioners 18 Sept. 1849 Chichester, Earl of; Ducie, Earl of; Vane, Lord H.;
Wharncliffe, Lord; Peel, F.; Sotheron, T. H. S.; Blunt, J. E.; Hill, J.; Kingscote, H.
(HO 38/49 pp. 389-94).
Secretary Fearon, J. P. (fn. 89)
52. SMITHFIELD 1849-50
Seven Commissioners were appointed in 1849 to consider whether any means could
be adopted for carrying into effect the recommendations of a select committee of the
House of Commons appointed in 1849 to report upon Smithfield Market; and also
to inquire into the state and management of all markets for the sale of meat in the
City of London. (fn. 90) The report dated 24 May 1850 ( HC (1850) xxxi, 355) was
signed by all but two of the Commissioners, Duke and Wood, who submitted a
minority report. (fn. 91)
The Commissioners were unsalaried. Their Secretary, appointed by the Commissioners, was awarded an allowance of £200 for his services. (fn. 92)
Commissioners 23 Nov. 1849 Lewis, G. C.; Duke, Sir J.; Verney, Sir H.; Miles,
W.; Owen, R.; Byng, Hon. F. G.; Wood, J. (HO 38/49 pp. 435-8).
Secretary by 5 Dec. 1849 Redgrave, S. ( p. 137 HC (1850) xxxi, 519).