ANTHONY, Francis

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Margaret Pelling, Frances White

Year published

2004

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'ANTHONY, Francis', Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640: Database (2004). URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=17174 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Francis ANTHONY

Biography

NameFrancis ANTHONY
GenderMale
Primary occupationmedical physician (MD) (Physician/Quack)
Period of medical practice1596-1623
Place of birthLondon (Son of Derrick Anthony, goldsmith of London)
Date of birth?1550
Date of death26 May 1623
AddressBur St Bart the Great 1623. (Practised everywhere.)
Other notesHistory of 'crimes' 1600-16. MD Cantab 1608 12 years after MA. Son John = 20

Known London address

St Bartholomew the Great
ParishSt Bartholomew the Great (by the Priory)
WardFaringdon Without
Date1623

Censorial hearings

5 July 1600
EntryMA Cantab of 26 years' standing. Had been practising in London for 6 months. Had cured 20 or more people 'diversis gravioribus morbis laborantes'. Gave all kinds of medicine, but had no licence or authority.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenAsked to appear.
3 Aug 1602
EntryMr Tippar appeared to claim back £20 given in surety for A, who was still (?or again) in prison.
Action takenNone. Surety of £20 not returned.
6 Aug 1602
EntryMr Tippar again presented a petition on behalf of A, sending his ring by a servant.
Action takenCollege to write to the Keeper to release A from prison.
3 Aug 1604
EntryDr Taylior accused A of treating Sir Edward Semor & his wife within the last 6-7 weeks, and also of making a woman's teeth fall out in the Poultry. Poe said that A had caused the death of Captain Lee. Dr Langton said that A had treated Mr Harris. (A was not present.)
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Second initiator of the complaintcollege member
Third initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes4
7 Nov 1606
EntryThomas PATTENSON (566, qv), MA Cantab, told the President & Censors that A had given Mr Martin, priest, 'a chemical medicament' causing vomiting, diarrhoea and death.
Initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Number of crimes1
9 Jan 1607
EntryPattenson, Susan Martin & William Gylley accused A of causing the death of Martin of Gutter Lane. Martin had blamed A for his death, and A had declared that the cathartic medicament he'd used would either kill or cure - a final attempt.
Initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Second initiator of the complaintspouse of the patient
Third initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes1
3 July 1607
EntryAccused by Dr Pope.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
10 April 1609
EntryPresident announced 'many complaints' against A.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenSee below.
14 April 1609
EntrySee the Book of Examinations.
Action takenSee E & see below.
28 April 1609
EntrySummoned but did not appear, 'and we waited an hour'.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
3 Aug 1610
EntryLetter from A was brought to the President & Censors, together with 'a small printed book concerning the Aurum Potabile'.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenBoth letter & book were handed to the Registrar.
7 Nov 1600
EntryAppeared. Admitted 1 year's illegal practice incl 'medicamentum diaphoreticum, ex Auro et Argento vivo confectam. D. Magno Camerario: D. Spensero Eq. aurato: < Anthonio Pawlet eq. aur.' Examined in all parts of medicine & found inadequate in all.
Attitude of the accusedconfessed
Pressure applied by Collegeyes
Action takenForbidden to practise. (`Praxis illi omnino interdictus.')
Verdictguilty
SentenceForbidden to practise
3 May 1611
EntryA's Aurum Potabile was mentioned. He was called 'Dr Anthony'.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
16 Oct 1612
EntryPresident (MOUNDEFORD) made a list of 10 illicitly practising MDs, and selected 4 for indictment, incl. 'Dr Anthony' who was MD of 'our universities'. See also AIRE 9, BARKER 52, DEE 212.
Initiator of the complaintcollege member
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be indicted.
Verdictcase not completed
18 April 1614
EntryA was discussed, together with other empirics.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action taken?
Verdictcase not completed
13 Sep 1616
EntryA was discussed.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be indicted.
Verdictcase not completed
5 Dec 1600
EntryAccused of practice on Colly in Coleman Street.
Action takenFined £5 and to be imprisoned in the Counter, Wood Street.
Verdictguilty
SentenceFined £5 and imprisoned
Number of crimes1
22 Dec 1600
EntryLet out of prison on letter from the Archbishop.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Pressure applied by Collegeyes
Action takenLetter to be written to the Archbishop.
6 Feb 1601
EntrySubmitted to the privilege of the College. Agreed to abide by their decisions & begged for more merciful treatment. Agreed to pay fine and 'went away quietly but was absolutely forbidden to practise'.
Attitude of the accusedsubmitted to the College
Action takenTo pay previous fine of £5 to Dr Forster (Treasurer) by 3 pm 7 Feb.
6 May 1601
EntryFrancis Anthony appeared again on a charge of practising. Indeed he confessed that he had given a pill to an epileptic: the same pill he had given to Paul Samond who was dead within three days. Because he had practised against the Statutes and against his promise, he wasa fined £5. As he refused to pay this fine he was committed to prison with a fine of £20.
Attitude of the accusedconfessed
Action takenFined £5, refused to pay, imprisoned with fine of £20.
Verdictguilty
SentenceFined £5, refused to pay, imprisoned with fine of £20
5 Feb 1602
Entry'It was decided with regard to Anthony that legal action should be taken.'
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenCollege to take legal action against A.
19 Feb 1602
EntryConfessed to practice for 3 years in London. Had lately treated Ward and Roger Cotton's servant, leaving one dead and the other dangerously ill.
Attitude of the accusedconfessed
Action taken[Must have been imprisoned - see below.]
Verdictguilty
SentenceImprisoned
Number of crimes2
11 June 1602
EntryA's wife pleaded unsuccessfully for his release.
Action takenRelease refused.