Institute of Historical Research



Margaret Pelling, Frances White

Year published


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'BLACKBORNE, James', Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640: Database (2004). URL: Date accessed: 29 November 2014.


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Primary occupationmedical surgeon (Surgeon & midwife)
Period of medical practice1594-1628
Place of birthforeign
Other notesTrouble 1600-6, 1615, 1618. Specialist licence from BSC for women's diseases 1607, 1611.
Medical specialitiesWomen's diseases, gynaecology, obstetrics

Known London address

Queen's household

Censorial hearings

7 Nov 1600
EntryB, among others, was to be summoned to the next Comitia.
Attitude of the accusedabsent
Action takenTo be summoned.
Verdictcase not completed
6 Feb 1605
EntryA certain JB appeared on a charge of practising medicine: he confessed that he had practised for ten years, particularly in diseases of women: he often gave them powder to ease childbirth.
Attitude of the accusedconfessed
Action takenWarned and dismissed.
7 Feb 1606
EntryJB, a brazen, insolent and illiterate man, asked for a licence to practise in diseases of women: but everyone considered his request most unsuitable and insolent.
Attitude of the accusedasked for College membership
Action takenRequest for Licence refused.
3 Feb 1615
EntryB, from the Queen's Household as he declared, had taken the oath and had been licensed for certain duties by the surgeons. He declared that he had given no internal medicines: he was asked to return here on the first Friday of the next month.
Attitude of the accuseddenied
Action takenTo reappear.
Verdictcase not completed
12 Feb 1619
EntryAccused by HIGGINS 392, apothecary, of treating Lady Evans, Lady Fibe, Mrs Joyner, Lord & Lady Shrewsburye with 'purges, pills and potions'. 'But B as licensed by the chirurgians, but onely towards women, sayes he gives nothing inwarde but by prescript of ye physitians', e.g. Dr Palmer, Dr Lister, Dr Pope over the last year. B accused Higgins of giving a vomit (v HIGGINS).
Initiator of the complaintother medical practitioner
Action takenB was ordered to return and to bring his licence.
Verdictcase not completed
Number of crimes4

BIRD, Thomas