Analysis of Hearth Tax Assessments
Cheveley, Flendish, Staine, and Staploe Hundreds, 1662, 1666, 1674

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Victoria County History

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A F Wareham, A P M Wright

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2002

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577-583

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'Analysis of Hearth Tax Assessments: Cheveley, Flendish, Staine, and Staploe Hundreds, 1662, 1666, 1674', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 10: Cheveley, Flendish, Staine and Staploe Hundreds (north-eastern Cambridgeshire) (2002), pp. 577-583. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=18975 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Analysis Of Cambridgeshire Hearth Tax Assessments: Cheveley, Flendish, Staine, And Staploe Hundreds, 1662, 1666, 1674

Introductory note

The following analyses have been prepared for the Cambridgeshire Hearth Tax Assessments in the Public Record Office for 1662 Michaelmas [E 179/84/36], 1666 Lady Day [E 179/244/22], and 1674 Lady Day [E 179/244/23]. The assessments have been fully described, and the nature of the tax and and value of its records have been briefly discussed, in V.C.H. Cambs. iii. 500 and iv. 272. The lists for 1662 were prepared by petty constable in June and early July 1662 and were designed to be simply lists of taxpayers, though during the next 18 months many persons in the list secured exemption. The list for 1666 were made out in the summer of 1666, after collection had taken place by the officers of George Wilmot, the subfarmer, and are drawn up under the headings of 'Paid' and 'Unpaid'; many of the persons with one or two hearths included 'Unpaid' may have been entitled to exemption, but the lists do not indicate them since they were included as taxpayers in default. The lists for 1674 were made out by the subcollectors of Edward Miller, the receiver, with the assistance of of parish officials, during the spring and summer of 1674, after collection had been made. They are divided into taxpayers and those legally exempt by certificate. Among the taxpayers the owners of empty or recently destroyed houses or hearths and the occupiers of houses recently built or with new hearths in them are distinguished. The exempt may include paupers, even though they did not need to be certified. The exemption certificates, made out during the winter of 1673-4, survive incompletely and are heavily damaged [P.R.O., E 179/326/10].

The three documents have been analysed on the same principle. Against each place is given, in separate columns, the total of entries recording persons as occupiers of from one to ten hearths and a further column gives the occupiers of houses with 11 hearths or more: two final columns give the total number of entries and of hearths in each place. From 1662 only one line is needed for each place. For 1666 three lines are needed, for the 'Paid', for the 'Unpaid', and for the total of the two. For 1674 up to four lines may be needed, for the taxpayers, for those among the taxpayers who owned empty houses etc., for the exempt, and for the total of the three categories. Exempt are recorded for but three (Great Wilbraham, Kennett, Landwade) of the sixteen places in the three hundreds.

Exemption certificates which were made out in 1672 for the collections Lady Day 1672 to lady Day 1673 [P.R.O., E 179/84/440] also survive, and the numbers of persons which they give are included below in footnotes to each hundred in the table for 1674. The number is sometimes less than the number of names originally entered on the certificate because a few names were cancelled before, or when, the justices of the peace coutersigned these certificates. The footnotes also mention a few special entries, chiefly of almshouses or town houses, and differences, resulting from faulty addition between the total number of hearths in the recorded entries and the total given in the documents.

The number of parishes in the returns is identical with those which had previously been partially independent being included within their modern parishes, such as Badlingham, while Landwade appears as a separate parish.

A word made be said about the relative comprehensiveness of the assessments. It may be understood that in all lists a person may occur more than once when as landlord he or she is entered for the hearths in a tenant's house, but in general the number of entries represents households. There is not much difference between the totals of entries in 1666 and 1674.

Since the 1662 lists were intended to include only taxpayers a number of entries there is naturally the lowest of the three assessments, but since far more details of the 1662 assessments than of any other date survive for the country as a whole, those lists are the most useful for comparative studies of England and Wales generally.

Total of entries, with hearths Totals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 over 10 Entries Hearths
CHEVELEY HUNDRED
Ashley 6 3 5 3 3 1 21 60
Cheveley 12 9 9 3 1 1 1 of 21 36 101
Woodditton 17 13 8 5 2 1 1 1 48 118
Kirtling 23 13 6 6 1 1 2 1 1 of 57 54 183
Total 58 38 17 7 4 3 1 1 1 2 of 78 159 462
FLENDISH HUNDRED
Fen Ditton 9 18 10 6 1 4 1 1 1 of 21 51 16
Fulbourn 16 29 13 6 7 1 2 of 12 74 20
Cherry Hinton 22 16 10 4 4 1 57 12
Horningsea 6 10 5 6 1 2 1 31 9
Teversham 10 4 4 2 2 1 of 11 23 5
Total 63 77 42 24 15 6 2 2 1 4 (with 56) 236 646
STAINE HUNDRED
Bottisham 35 23 12 11 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 of 14 91 241
Stow cum Quy 9 7 3 1 4 1 1 1 1 27 78
Swaffham Bulbeck 22 23 5 5 1 1 3 1 61 143
Swaffham Prior cum Reach 37 34 21 1 4 2 2 1 1 of 18, 1 of 13 104 261
Great Wilbraham 30 16 8 10 1 of 14 65 140
Little Wilbraham 6 12 4 2 1 2 1 28 78
Total 139 115 53 30 11 6 8 5 3 2 4 (with 59) 376 941
STAPLOE HUNDRED
Burwell 90 65 28 5 1 1 1 1 1 193 359
Chippenham 20 12 9 3 2 1 1 1 1 of 34 50 148
Fordham 46 32 12 3 4 5 1 1 104 225
Isleham 52 38 14 9 3 1 2 1 of 26, 1 of 14 122 292
Kennett 3 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 of 11 11 41
Landwade 4 3 1 1 of 24 9 38
Snailwell 5 4 1 1 2 1 1 of 12 15 49
Soham 81 61 20 9 11 3 1 of 11 186 395
Wicken 39 14 6 4 5 2 1 1 of 13 72 160
Total 340 230 91 37 30 10 6 4 3 3 8 (with 145) 762 1707
Total of entries, with hearths Totals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 over 10 Entries Hearths
CHEVELEY HUNDRED
Ashley
paid 15 4 2 3 2 1 27 57
unpaid 11 3 2 16 23
total 26 7 4 3 2 1 43 80
Cheveley
paid 19 7 7 1 1 1 1 1 of 21 38 97
unpaid 11 4 1 16 25
total 30 11 7 2 1 1 1 1 54 120
Woodditton
paid 17 17 3 3 1 1 1 43 90
unpaid 27 6 1 34 42
total 44 23 4 3 1 1 1 77 132
Kirtling
paid 28 10 3 5 1 2 1 1 of 60 51 166
unpaid 20 3 1 1 25 33
total 48 13 4 6 1 2 1 1 76 199
FLENDISH HUNDRED
Fen Ditton
paid 17 18 7 5 1 2 1 1 1 1 of 11, 1 of 22 54 160
unpaid 4 2 2 1 1 10 23
total 21 20 9 6 2 2 1 1 2 64 183
Fulbourn
paid 29 30 8 11 4 1 1 of 14 94 211
unpaid 9 4 1 1 1 16 32
total 48 34 8 12 5 1 1 1 110 243
Cherry Hinton
paid 27 17 6 4 2 1 57 133
unpaid 7 3 1 1 12 20
total 34 20 7 5 2 1 69 153
Horningsea
paid 13 10 7 2 2 1 35 82
unpaid 3 1 1 2 7 16
total 16 11 8 4 2 42 98
Teversham
paid 10 4 1 2 1 of 11 18 42
unpaid 5 1 2 9 17
total 15 5 3 1 2 1 27 59
Total
paid 106 79 29 22 9 4 1 2 1 1 4 (with 58) 258 608
unpaid 28 11 6 6 2 1 54 108
combined 134 90 35 28 11 5 1 2 1 1 4 312 716
STAINE HUNDRED
Bottisham
paid 65 41 6 7 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 of 14, 1 of 11 128 270
unpaid 8 4 2 1 15 26
total 73 45 8 8 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 143 296
Stow cum Quy
paid 13 9 4 2 1 1 30 69
unpaid 3 6 1 10 18
total 16 15 5 2 1 1 40 87
Swaffham Bulbeck
paid 38 26 7 3 2 1 77 142
unpaid 6 4 2 12 20
total 44 30 9 3 2 1 89 162
Swaffham Prior cum Reach
paid 63 32 14 5 3 1 1 2 121 238
unpaid 20 4 3 27 37
total
Great Wilbraham
paid 17 18 8 6 1 of 13 50 114
unpaid 1 2 3 11
total 17 18 9 8 1 53 125
Little Wilbraham
paid 12 11 4 1 1 1 1 31 71
unpaid 1 2 1 4 8
total 13 13 5 1 1 1 1 35 79
Total
Paid 208 137 43 22 6 6 4 3 1 4 3 (with 38) 437 904
Unpaid 38 20 10 3 71 120
Combined 246 157 53 25 6 6 4 3 1 4 508 1024
STAPLOE HUNDRED
Burwell
paid 75 59 26 13 1 1 of 13 175 545
unpaid 14 4 4 1 1 2 26 57
total 89 63 30 14 1 3 1 201 406
Chippenham
paid 29 12 11 3 1 1 of 34 57 138
unpaid 6 3 1 3 13 27
total 35 15 12 6 1 1 70 165
Fordham
paid 44 24 4 8 2 1 1 1 2 1 88 195
unpaid 21 11 2 1 1 36 58
total 65 35 6 9 3 1 1 1 2 1 124 253
Isleham
paid 78 35 9 6 3 1 2 1 of 20 1 of 13 136 267
unpaid 15 9 4 2 1 31 58
total 93 44 13 8 4 1 2 2 167 325
Kennett
paid 3 4 1 3 1 1 13 37
unpaid 1 1 1 1 4 166
total 4 5 2 4 1 1 17 47
Landwade 5 4 1 of 20 10 33
Snailwell
paid 2 4 2 2 1 2 13 52
unpaid 11 6 1 18 26
total 13 10 3 2 1 2 31 78
Soham
paid 132 93 19 11 3 1 2 1 1 of 12, 1 of 11 265 500
Wicken
paid 16 16 4 5 2 1 1 45 106
unpaid 20 4 2 1 1 28 43
Total 36 20 6 6 3 1 1 73 149
Total
Paid 384 251 76 49 13 7 4 3 2 5 8 (with 134) 802 1671
Unpaid 129 51 20 13 4 2 2 221 389
Combined 513 302 96 62 17 9 6 3 2 5 8 1023 2060
Total of entries, with hearths Totals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 over 10 Entries Hearths
CHEVELEY HUNDRED
Ashley
charged 3 4 3 4 3 1 18 57
exempt 23 23 23
total 26 41 80
Cheveley
charged 15 6 10 1 2 1 1 1 of 21 37 105
exempt 22 22 22
total 37 6 10 1 2 1 1 59 127
Woodditton
charged 10 16 7 3 3 2 3 44 123
exempt 49 49 49
total 59 16 7 3 3 2 3 93 172
Kirtling
charged 13 15 9 2 2 2 1 1 of 60 45 171
empty 1 1 5
exempt 35 35 35
total 48 15 9 2 3 2 1 1 81 211
FLENDISH HUNDRED
Fen Ditton
charged 9 20 6 4 2 4 1 2 1 1 of 22 50 174
Fulbourn
charged 27 33 9 12 4 1 1 1 of 14 89 229
1 of 13
empty 1 1 1
exempt 16 16 16
total 44 33 9 12 4 1 1 2 (with 27) 106 246
Cherry Hinton
charged 23 17 12 3 4 1 60 138
exempt 7 7 7
total 30 17 12 3 4 1 67 141
Horningsea
charged 7 16 7 3 1 2 1 37 97
exempt 11 11 11
total 18 16 7 3 1 2 1 48 108
Teversham
charged 8 5 3 1 3 1 of 11 21 57
Total
charged 74 91 37 23 14 7 2 2 2 1 4 (with 60) 257 689
empty 1 1 1
exempt 34 34 34
combined 109 91 37 23 14 7 2 2 2 1 4 292 724
STAINE HUNDRED
Bottisham
charged 51 43 13 11 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 of 14 1 of 11 130 315
empty 1 1 2
exempt 10 10 10
total 61 44 13 11 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 141 327
Stowe cum Quy
charged 11 10 5 4 1 1 1 of 11 33 90
empty 1 1 4
exempt 6 6 6
total 17 10 5 1 4 1 1 1 40 100
Swaffham Bulbeck
charged 19 27 8 3 2 3 2 64 151
empty 1 1 5
newly erected 1 1 1
exempt 27 27 27
total 47 27 8 3 3 3 2 93 184
Swaffham Prior cum Reach
charged 46 40 23 7 3 4 1 1 1 of 17 126 297
empty
newly 1 2 3
erected
exempt 28 28 28
total 75 42 23 7 3 4 1 1 1 157 330
Great Wilbraham
charged 17 17 9 10 1 of 13 54 131
empty 1 1 2 5
total 17 18 10 10 1 56 136
Little Wilbraham
charged 13 12 5 1 1 1 2 1 36 89
exempt 4 4 4
total 17 12 5 1 1 1 2 1 40 93
Total
charged 157 149 63 32 13 10 7 4 1 2 5 (with 66) 443 1073
empty 1 3 1 1 1 7 19
newly 1 1 2 3
erected
Exempt 75 75 75
Combined 234 153 64 33 14 10 7 4 1 2 5 527 1170
STAPLOE HUNDRED
Burwell
charged 32 64 41 23 5 2 2 1 1 of 13 171 447
empty 1 3 1 5 21
newly 1 1 1 3
erected
exempt 28 7 35 42
total 61 73 41 26 5 2 3 1 1 212 513
Chippenham
charged 17 13 13 5 1 2 1 1 1 of 34 54 169
newly 1 1 1
erected
exempt 17 17 17
total 35 13 13 5 1 2 1 1 1 72 187
Fordham
charged 25 27 13 5 3 4 2 1 1 1 1 of 12 83 230
empty 1 1 2 3
exempt 33 33 33
total 59 28 13 5 3 4 2 1 1 1 1 118 266
Isleham
charged 30 31 18 11 6 4 3 1 of 27, 105 305
1 of 13
exempt 24 24 24
total 54 31 18 11 6 4 3 2 129 329
Kennett
charged 1 2 2 2 3 1 1 12 48
newly 1 1
erected
total 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 12 49
Landwade
charged 1 3 1 of 25 5 32
Snailwell
charged 1 6 3 3 1 1 1 of 15 16 65
exempt 14 14 14
total 15 6 3 3 1 1 1 30 79
Soham
charged 82 85 34 17 8 2 3 3 2 1 of 11 237 556
empty 2 3 5 8
newly 1 1 2
erected
exempt 51 51 51
total 135 89 34 17 8 2 3 3 2 1 294 617
Wicken
charged 8 19 8 3 3 1 3 1 of 20 46 144
empty 1 1 2
newly 2 2
erected
exempt 22 22 22
total 32 20 8 3 3 1 3 1 69 170
Total
charged 197 250 132 66 32 17 12 6 5 3 9 with 170 729 1996
empty 3 6 3 1 13 34
newly 5 2 3 9
erected
exempt 189 7 196 203
combined 394 265 132 69 32 17 13 9 941 2242