It is not known whether any
of the villeins at Staines mentioned in Domesday
Book (fn. 25) were free, but there was at least one freehold,
possibly of some size, at Yeoveney in the later 12th
century, (fn. 26) and by the 13th century the parish contained a large number of small freeholds. (fn. 27) Many of
these consisted of a house and a few acres, and
estates of as much as 20 acres seem to have been
few. (fn. 28) Among the more important freeholders was
Thomas of Oxford who held over 200 acres in
Staines and adjoining parishes in the late 13th
century. (fn. 29) About 1335 either he, or another man of
the same name, and Alan atte Mount were each said
to own 40s. worth of land in Staines. (fn. 30) Sir Nicholas
Brembre (d. 1388), lord mayor, acquired an estate
in Staines, Stanwell, and Yeoveney, which was given
after his execution to Westminster Abbey. (fn. 31) Several
owners of neighbouring estates held lands or rents in
Staines. Among these were the owners of Stanwell,
Hammonds, Knollers, and Cleremont manors in
Stanwell, (fn. 32) of Pates in East Bedfont, (fn. 33) and of La
Hyde or Billetts in Laleham. (fn. 34) The last of these held
perhaps the most substantial appurtenant estate in
Staines: in 1366 part of it, comprising land and 31s.
rent, was granted to Westminster, and another
48s. 10d. rent to Ankerwyke Priory (Bucks.). (fn. 35) Ankerwyke's property in Staines later consisted of an inn,
a house and land called Foster's, near Hale Mill. (fn. 36) It
passed from Ankerwyke to Henry VIII's short-lived
foundation of Bisham. (fn. 37) Chertsey Abbey had a small
property in Staines, possibly acquired under John. (fn. 38)
Hurley Priory and Hounslow Friary both had very
small lands or rights in Staines, probably appurtenant to their property in Stanwell. (fn. 39) In 1543 St.
Stephen's College, Westminster, was granted property in Staines which it lost on its dissolution four
years later. (fn. 40) St. George's, Windsor, acquired houses
near the church and land in the open fields in 1457.
In the 16th century their Staines property amounted
to some 26 acres but by the time it was transferred
to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1867 it had
rather diminished. (fn. 41) St. George's seem to have held
part of their property of Staines manor, part of
Grovebarns, and part of the vicar. (fn. 42)
No large estates seem to have been formed after
Westminster Abbey gave up demesne farming in
Staines. By 1844, apart from Westminster's Yeoveney estate of nearly 400 acres, (fn. 43) and the vicar's
glebe (c. 55 a.), (fn. 44) the Cooper's Company, as trustees
of Henry Strode's Egham charity (founded 1703),
owned about 70 acres, (fn. 45) and six other persons owned
between 50 and 100 acres each. Of the remaining 185
freeholders and copyholders only five persons owned
over 15 acres. (fn. 46) In the early 20th century John Ashby
was said to be one of the principal landowners. (fn. 47)
Dom. Bk. (Rec. Com.) i. 128.
||Westm. Domesday ff. 140, 649b; see Chertsey Cartulary, ii (Surr. Rec. Soc. xxvii), p. 131.
||See Feet of F. Lond. and Mdx. ed. Hardy and Page, i,
||For larger freeholds conveyed by final concords, see
C.P. 25(1)/147/23/472; /147/24/489; /149/44/134; /150/53/2;
/151/71/464; /151/77/60, 66; /152/93/128.
||C.P. 25(1)/148/30/137; /34/239; see Pipe R. 1195
(P.R.S. N.S. vi), 118.
||M.R.O., F. 37/8.
||C.P. 25(1)/289/54/129; W.A.M. 16792; Cal. Pat.
1396-9, 49, 93.
||See pp. 37, 40.
Feet of F. Lond. and Mdx. ed. Hardy and Page, ii. 72,
Cal. Close, 1327-30, 369; C.P. 25(1)/150/55/71;
/60/187; Cal. Close, 1364-8, 268.
Cal. Pat. 1364-7, 245, 328.
||S.C. 6/Hen. VIII 109, m. 75d-76; a house called
Forsters was in existence in 1660; M.R.O., Acc. 526/48.
Valor Eccl. i. 418; Chertsey Cartulary, ii (Surr. Rec.
Soc. xxvii), p. 131.
||See p. 41.
||C 142/66/34; Req. 2/18/132; Cal. Pat. 1553-4, 469;
1560-3, 335; but cf. E 178/1394; see V.C.H. Lond. i. 570.
MSS. of St. Geo. Windsor, ed. J. N. Dalton, pp. 82,
340-8; M.R.O., Staines Tithe Award; Lond. Gaz. 1867,
||W.A.M. 16807, f. 11; MSS. of St. Geo. Windsor, ed.
Dalton, p. 89; St. Geo. Windsor MS. xv. 21. 88.
||See p. 19.
||See p. 20.
11th Rep. Com. Char. H.C. 433, pp. 667-8, 678 (1824),
||M.R.O., Staines Tithe Award.
Kelly's Dir. Mdx. (1898-1933).