EDUCATION. (fn. 2)
New Brentford charity school
(St. Lawrence's) opened in 1703. It served
several parishes, closed temporarily in 1714 when
Ealing's children withdrew, and later probably
took no more than 20 children a year. Many more
were taught after 1786, when Old Brentford
Sunday schools opened, followed by a girls' and a
short-lived boys' school. Another Sunday school
founded at New Brentford in 1810 apparently led
to the enlargement of the boys' charity school and
opening of a girls' school there in 1815. In 1819
309 pupils attended Old and New Brentford
charity schools. Infants' schools were opened at
Old Brentford in 1837 and at New Brentford in
1840, and a British school was opened in 1834. In
1843 92 pupils attended daily at Brentford: 15 at a
common day school, 94 at 5 middle day schools,
114 at dame schools, and 759 at public elementary schools, 272 of them at the British school. (fn. 3)
Ealing children attended New Brentford
charity school from 1703 until their own opened
c. 1714. A girls' school was endowed in 1712 and
a boys' in 1719, but in 1724 a single school (St.
Mary's) contained boys and girls and apparently
it was only in 1782 that separate schools were
established. (fn. 4) The boys' school was much enlarged in 1817 and c. 1820, when there were 176
children in the two schools. An infants' school
opened in 1837 and Ealing had 339 daily pupils in
1843: 50 at dame schools, 34 at common day
schools, 36 at middle day schools, and 242 at
charity and National schools. (fn. 5)
A rising demand for places after 1843 was met
partly by existing schools, notably Brentford
British school. The Ragged School Union had
Sunday schools at Brentford from 1854 and from
1867 a free day school, which was replaced by St.
Paul's schools in 1873. At Ealing the growth of
the Ealing Dean and Grove districts led to the
opening of a separate infants' school in 1857 and
Ealing British school in 1859, the rebuilding of
the girls' school in 1862, and the opening of St.
John's National, Christ Church National, and
the Wesleyan schools by 1874.
From 1871 demands for a school board, particularly by nonconformists, (fn. 6) were resisted by
the Revd. E. W. Relton and other Anglicans. All
schools charged fees, those of the Wesleyan and
British schools being the highest; (fn. 7) many places
therefore were not filled at Brentford, where the
failure of some poor children to transfer to the
new St. Paul's school resulted in a revival of the
Ragged school. Under the Education Act of 1876
Ealing educational association was formed instead of a school board in 1877 to meet current
deficits and pay for building extensions.
Nominally interdenominational but dominated
by Anglicans, it survived the opposition of the
British school managers, since the ratepayers
were overwhelmingly opposed to a board. (fn. 8) Apart
from an unsuccessful voluntary rate in 1880,
funds were raised by subscription until 1895,
when Old Brentford became a separate civil
parish. Rates levied for the association by Ealing
council from 1896 were criticized because the
demands did not indicate that they were volun
tary, and by 1901 only one-third was collected.
Average attendance under the association rose
from 754 in 1878 to 2,388 in 1902 at Ealing. (fn. 9) By
the late 1890s there may have been overcrowding
but a request by the Board of Education for extra
places in 1901 was ignored, as responsibility
under the Education Act of 1902 was to pass to
Ealing M.B., which duly became an autonomous
part III authority. (fn. 10) At Brentford a census in
1898 revealed that 574 children of school age
were not at school. (fn. 11) There were 716 absentees in
1901, (fn. 12) when Old Brentford school board was
established. It achieved nothing before being
superseded in 1903 by the county council. (fn. 13)
Ealing had too few places in 1903, when the
population was growing rapidly. In addition to
temporary schools, permanent ones were built
by the borough engineer Charles Jones: Little
Ealing, Northfields, Drayton Grove, Lammas,
and North Ealing, (fn. 14) the first four containing large
boys', girls', and infants' schools on a single site.
Plans for a school on Ealing Dean common were
dropped after local opposition. (fn. 15) Few places were
needed in North Ealing, where most children
were educated privately, (fn. 16) and elsewhere the
council charged fees, which at Drayton Grove
were higher than the Board of Education would
permit. (fn. 17) After the First World War only Grange
school replaced the voluntary schools as they
closed. From 1931 school building was concentrated in the expanding north and west parts of
the borough; although Jones's buildings were
seen as outmoded by 1938, (fn. 18) it was only from
1952 that they were replaced. North Ealing's
Montpelier school was still opposed as unnecessary in 1957. (fn. 19)
At Brentford all new needs between 1903 and
1914 were met by Ealing Road primary school.
After the First World War, notwithstanding the
closure of St. Lawrence's and Rothschild schools,
only Lionel Road school was built. The opening
of Green Dragon school in 1972 permitted the
closure of Ealing Road and St. George's schools.
The county council established secondary
schools for boys in 1913 and girls in 1926 at
Ealing, where a selective central school was
opened in 1925. Following the Hadow report,
four of Ealing's council schools acquired a singlesex senior department and after the Education
Act of 1944 the former central school became a
grammar school. Secondary classes elsewhere
used converted premises and the only change
before the introduction of the comprehensive
system was the transfer of two of the smaller
secondary schools to the new Ealing Mead school
in 1962. At Brentford the boys' and girls' senior
schools and Gunnersbury Roman Catholic
grammar school were the only secondary schools.
Ealing M.B. became an 'excepted district',
responsible for primary and secondary education,
under the Act of 1944, as did Brentford and
Chiswick M.B. From 1965 they lay within Ealing
and Hounslow L.B.s. When Hounslow adopted a
comprehensive scheme in 1971, secondary and
grammar schools were amalgamated but the
structure was otherwise unchanged. When
Ealing adopted a scheme in 1974, it established
first schools for children aged 5-8, middle
schools for those aged 8-12, and high schools for
those aged 13 and over. The rearrangement
entailed building extensions to some first and
middle schools. The remaining secondary departments in older three-department schools
were eliminated and Ealing Mead school was
closed. The former county schools survived as
high schools and Walpole school merged with
Bordeston school, Hanwell, on a split site. A
small educational foundation, formed from part
of John Bowman's charity in 1904, had an income
of c. £35 in 1973. (fn. 20) For Old Brentford the
educational foundation established from the
charities of Need and Taylor in 1856 had an
income of c. £263 in 1979, spent largely on school
libraries. (fn. 21)
Public schools. (fn. 22)
The general sources are those
indicated above, p. 44, and the same abbreviations are used.
Boston Manor Ho. County I, Boston Manor
Pk., Brentford. Opened 1940 at Boston Manor
Ho., moved temporarily to St. Paul's sch. 1944.
67 I in 1955, 37 in 1957. Closed 1961. (fn. 23)
Brentford British, see Rothschild.
Brentford Canal Boatmen's.
Opened c. 1896
at mission in Isleworth, (fn. 24) moved c. 1904 to the
Butts, (fn. 25) 1932 to two rooms at Brentford sr. schs.,
1950 to former St. Lawrence's sch. in the Ham. (fn. 26)
Irregularly attended by children of all ages. 1898
roll 500, a.a. 13. (fn. 27) 1950 roll 100, maximum
attendance 18. (fn. 28) Closed by 1957.
Brentford Central Ragged, Old Spring
Gardens. Opened 1867 as free day sch. in former
British sch., where evening mtgs., held at various
schs. since 1854, had been held on Sundays since
1860. (fn. 29) 1867 a.a. 117. 1871 a.a. 264. (fn. 30) Replaced
by St. Paul's sch. 1873. (fn. 31)
Brentford Sch. For G, Clifden Rd. Opened
1968 as comprehensive sch. in former Brentford
sec. mod. (fn. 32) Extended after 1971. Roll 1978: 1,080
Brentford Sec. Mod., Clifden Rd. Opened
1930 on single site as separate schs. (fn. 33) 1930 accn.
320 SB, 320 SG, a.a. 247 SB, 247 SG. 1936 accn.
360 SB, 440 SG, a.a. 241 SB, 301 SG. Extended
1954 but overcrowded 1955. (fn. 34) Became Brentford
Sch. for G 1968, when B moved to Syon sch.,
Isleworth. (fn. 35)
I, Upper Butts. Opened
1907 for 120. 1919 accn. 120, a.a. 64. 1927 accn.
120, a.a. 120. Closed 1932.
Brentford, New, Nat., see St. Lawrence's.
Brentford, Old, Nat., see St. George's.
Christ Church C.E. Middle, New Broadway. (fn. 36) Opened 1872 for B, 1886 for G. (fn. 37) Former I
sch. for St. Mary's and Christ Church known as
Christ Church I sch. 1878-1930, then as St.
Saviour's. 1906 accn. 251 B, 234 G, 272 I, a.a.
217 B, 171 G, 113 I. 1919 accn. 203 B, 187 G, 254
I, a.a. 125 B, 135 G, 80 I. Reorg. 1921 for SB, JG.
Again reorg. 1925, 1926, and 1930 for JM. (fn. 38) 1932
accn. 350 JM, a.a. 379. 1936 accn. 328 JM, a.a.
226. Middle sch. from 1974. Roll 1977: 325.
Compton First, Cavendish Ave. Opened 1972
for JMI. First sch. from 1974. Roll 1978: 160.
Drayton Temp., Alexandra Rd. Opened 1904
as St. James's JMI in former iron church. 1906
accn. 300, a.a. 251. Replaced by Drayton Grove
sch. 1908. (fn. 39)
Drayton First, Drayton Grove. (fn. 40) Opened
1908 for BGI. 1919 accn. 300 B, 300 G, 336 I, a.a.
315 B, 275 G, 221 I. Reorg. 1936 for SB, JM.
1938 accn. 320 SB, 400 JM. I added 1939. (fn. 41) SB
closed between 1957 and 1963. First sch. from
1974. Roll 1978: 159.
Ealing British, see Joseph Lancaster.
Ealing Central, see Walpole.
Ealing County B, Ealing Green. Opened
1913 for 330 SB on site of the Hall, (fn. 42) as sec. sch.
with art and technical classes. Later called Ealing
grammar sch. for B. Extended 1936, (fn. 43) 1961,
1964. Became Ealing Green high sch. 1974.
Ealing County G, Queen's Drive. Opened
1926 for SG in the Park. (fn. 44) Later called Ealing
grammar sch. for G. Moved c. 1965 to Queen's
Drive. Became Ellen Wilkinson high sch. 1974.
Ealing Dean, see St. John's.
Ealing Drill Hall Temp.
Opened 1904 for
320 I, closed 1905.
Ealing Green High, Ealing Green. Opened
1974 as SB comprehensive in former Ealing
county grammar sch. Roll 1977: 690 SB.
Ealing Mead, Almond Ave. Opened 1962 as
SB sec. mod., replacing Little Ealing sec. mod. (fn. 45)
Closed 1974. (fn. 46)
Ealing Nat., see St. Mary's.
Opened 1903-4 for BGI. 1906
accn. 370 BG, 300 I, a.a. 305 BG, 234 I. 1919
accn. 480 BG, 300 I, a.a. 382 BG, 226 I. Reorg.
1932 for JMI. 1938 accn. 440 JM, 300 I, a.a. 282
JM, 116 I. Closed 1975. (fn. 47)
Ealing Wesleyan, Broadway. (fn. 48) Opened 1874
for BG and probably I next to Meth. church.
1878 accn. 208, a.a. 88. Charged high fees, was
refused grant 1891, (fn. 49) and was described as
middle-class elementary 1893. Extended c. 1879
and rebuilt c. 1893. 1898 accn. 283, a.a. 275. 1906
accn. 215 BG, 68 I, a.a. 272 BGI. 1919 accn. 212
BG, a.a. 200 BG. Closed 1921, when pupils
moved to Joseph Lancaster.
Ealing, Little, see Little Ealing.
Ealing, North, First And Middle, Pitshanger
Lane. Opened 1911 for G from St. Stephen's
C.E. and I. (fn. 50) 1919 accn. 400 GI, a.a. 33. B from
St. Stephen's 1921. 1926 accn. 143 B, 400 GI,
a.a. 112 B, 286 GI. Reorg. for JMI and extended
c. 1935 on closure of B sch. 1938 accn. 460, a.a.
450. Combined first and middle sch. from 1974.
Roll 1978: 520.
Ealing, South, Temp., Junction Rd. Opened
1914 for JMI. From 1922 called S. Ealing Good
Shepherd hall temp. sch. 1919 accn. 300 JMI,
a.a. 134. 1922 accn. 150, a.a. 131. Closed 1927.
Ellen Wilkinson High, Queen's Drive.
Opened 1974 as comprehensive high sch.
in former Ealing county G sch. Roll 1978:
Elthorne High, see Walpole.
Fielding First And Middle, Wyndham Rd.
Opened 1953 as separate JM and I schs., (fn. 51)
amalgamated 1967. (fn. 52) First and middle schs. from
1974. Rolls 1977-8: 210 and 265.
Grange First And Middle, Church Place.
Opened 1925 for JM, 1927 and 1931 for I, 1931
for SG. (fn. 53) 1927 accn. 420 JM, a.a. 380. 1932 accn.
296 SG, 400 JM, 400 I, a.a. 166 SG, 386 JM, 316
I. First and middle schs. from 1974, when SG
moved to Ellen Wilkinson. Rolls 1978: 320 and
Green Dragon, North Rd., Brentford.
Opened 1975 as JMI schs., replacing Ealing Rd.
sch. Rolls 1977: 280 I, 290 JM.
Gunnersbury R.C., Gunnersbury Ave.
Opened c. 1919 as sec. sch. in Boston Pk. Rd., (fn. 54)
moved to Gunnersbury Ave. 1932, (fn. 55) and extended c. 1938 after bequest from Patrick
Murphy (d. 1934). (fn. 56) Received grant 1939 (fn. 57) and
became vol. aided grammar sch. 1944, J sch.
closing 1947. 180 B in 1932, 331 in 1947, 374
in 1956. (fn. 58) Comprehensive from 1971, with
lower sch. in Gunnersbury Ave. and upper sch.
in new bldgs. at the Ride. Rolls 1977: 360 and
Gurnell Middle, Hathaway Gardens.
Opened 1974 as middle sch. Roll 1977: 275.
Joseph Lancaster, Lancaster Rd. (fn. 59) Opened
1859 as Ealing British sch. for BGI. (fn. 60) Charged
high fees and soon won good reputation. 1865 a.a.
103. 1871 a.a. 219. Extended c. 1880, c. 1887,
1895. Taken over by council as Joseph Lancaster
sch. c. 1904. 1906 accn. 293 BG, 136 I, a.a. 326
BG, 131 I. 1919 accn. 248 BG, 123 I, a.a. 326
BGI. Replaced by Grange sch. 1925.
Opened 1904 for 312 M, closed
Lammas, Cranmer Ave. Opened 1910 for
BGI. (fn. 61) 1919 accn. 398 B, 400 G, 460 I, a.a. 356 B,
365 G, 318 I. B and G formed Ealing central
(later Walpole) sch. 1925, I remained until reorg.
c. 1932 for JMI. 1938 accn. 370, a.a. 317. I moved
to Fielding sch. 1953, when bldgs. occupied by
Walpole sch. (fn. 62)
Lionel Rd., Brentford. Opened 1931 for JMI.
Extended 1934, 1939. (fn. 63) 1932 accn. 300, a.a. 186.
1936 accn. 500, a.a. 380. Roll 1978: 249.
Little Ealing First And Middle, Little
Ealing Lane. Opened 1905 for BGI. (fn. 64) Extended
before 1919 and in 1950s. 1919 accn. 440 B, 440
G, 486 I, a.a. 367 B, 371 G, 315 I. Reorg. 1932.
1936 accn. 394 SB, 390 JM, 380 I, a.a. 324 SB,
327 JM, 270 I. SB moved to Ealing Mead 1962.
First and middle schs. from 1974. Rolls 1977: 240
Montpelier First And Middle, Helena Rd.
Opened 1957 for JMI. First and middle schs.
from 1974. Rolls 1978: 230 and 300.
Mount Carmel R.C. First And Middle, Little
Ealing Lane. Opened 1968 for JMI. Combined
first and middle sch. from 1974. Part of former
Lourdes Mount private sch. taken over as annexe
1974 and used mainly by middle sch. 1977. Roll
Northfields First And Middle, Balfour Rd.
Opened 1905 (fn. 65) for 400 B, 400 G, 446 I. 1919
accn. 440 B, 440 G, 486 I, a.a. 352 B, 317 G, 326
I. Reorg. 1932 for SG, JMI. 1936 accn. 314 SG,
440 JM, 380 I, a.a. 241 SG, 366 JM, 268 I. JMI
moved by 1938. First and middle schs. from
1974. Rolls 1978: 190 and 180.
Rothschild, High Street, Brentford. Opened
1834 for BG as Brentford British sch. in Old
Spring Gardens near One Tun Alley. (fn. 66) 1850 a.a.
250. (fn. 67) Moved 1859 to N. side of High Street. (fn. 68)
Financed by subscriptions, especially from
Rothschild family, and considered one of best
schs. in London 1872. (fn. 69) Extended twice in 1880s
and c. 1902. 1906 accn. 358 B, 190 G, 166 I, a.a.
278 B, 215 G, 113 I. Renamed Rothschild sch. by
1906 and taken over by Ealing M.B. 1919 accn.
282 B, 282 G, a.a. 240 B, 240 G. Closed 1930, on
opening of Brentford sec. mod. sch. Bldg. demol.
c. 1936 and replaced by health centre 1938. (fn. 70)
St. George's C.E., Clayponds Lane, Brentford. Originated in Sunday schs. near St.
George's church and in sch. of industry. (fn. 71)
Sunday schs. founded 1786 by vicar of Ealing
and author Mrs. Sarah Trimmer (1741-1810)
modelled on those of Robert Raikes. (fn. 72) 300 BG
1788. 60 B and 100 G 1796-1811. Closed 1824
but revived 1833 and 1839-80. 1843 a.a. 240. (fn. 73)
Sch. of industry, later Green sch., founded 1787
by Mrs. Trimmer, had 40 G until 1810, 85 G
1811, and over 100 G 1834, when run by her
daughters. Sch. of industry for B opened by 1796
but failed by 1807. (fn. 74) Nat. sch. for c. 100 I opened
1831, moving 1837 to bldg. for 178 W. of North
Rd. (fn. 75) 1878 a.a. 149. 1893 a.a. 220. Moved 1893 to
new bldg. for 480 BGI at corner of Clayponds
Lane and Green Dragon Lane. (fn. 76) 1906 accn. 152
B, 152 G, 176 I, a.a. 152 B, 150 G, 184 I. 1919
accn. 144 B, 144 G, 151 I, a.a. 85 B, 129 G, 165
I. Bldgs. improved 1926, when renamed St.
George's primary sch., (fn. 77) 1933, and 1937. 1927
accn. 288 JM, 151 I, a.a. 231 JM, 114 I. 1938
accn. 354 JMI, a.a. 203. Roll 1977: 60 JMI.
Closed 1978. (fn. 78)
St. Gregory's R.C. First And Middle, Woodfield Rd. Opened 1953 for JMI as overflow for
R.C. schs. in Greenford and Hanwell. Combined
first and middle sch. from 1975. Roll 1978: c. 500.
St. John's First And Middle, Felix Rd. (fn. 79)
Opened 1862 for BG in iron hall as Ealing Dean
sch. (fn. 80) Hall moved to Felix Rd. and used as Nat.
sch. for 60-70 I 1872, when sch. for 180 BG
added. 1878 accn. 211 BGI, a.a. 127. Mixed sch.
bldg. used for I 1882, when new mixed sch. built.
1885 accn. 522 BGI, a.a. 380. 1906 accn. 333 B,
333 G, 273 I, a.a. 427 B, 395 G, 288 I. 1919 accn.
298 B, 298 G, 234 I, a.a. 269 B, 269 G, 160 I.
Transferred to Ealing M.B. 1932 and became
JMI sch. (fn. 81) Bldgs. replaced 1973. Combined first
and middle sch. from 1974. Roll 1977: 400.
St. John's R.C., Boston Park Rd., Brentford.
Opened by 1866 in the Butts. 1865-6 a.a.
75. 1885 accn. 211, a.a. 151. Moved 1901 to
Brook Rd. (fn. 82) 1906 accn. 142 BG, 124 I, a.a.
14 BG, 108 I. 1919 accn. 182 BG, 85 I, a.a.
172 BGI. Extended 1928. (fn. 83) 1932 accn. 284 BGI,
a.a. 249. Pupils aged 5-15 (fn. 84) until seniors moved
c. 1957, leaving sch. still overcrowded with 272
JMI in 1962. Moved to Boston Pk. Rd. 1968.
Roll 1978: 256 JMI.
St. Lawrence's C.E., Brentford. Opened
1703 as char. sch. for BG. Financed by subscriptions, mainly from Ealing and Isleworth, and
closed on opening of Ealing char. sch. 1714. (fn. 85)
Curate J. Le Hunt retained 10 B and reopened
sch. in own ho. 1715, (fn. 86) soon replaced by schoolroom for 20 B in the Butts. (fn. 87) Financed by
subscriptions, sermons, and legacies, inc. rent
charge of £37 10s. in 1819 under will (proved
1721) of Dorothy, Lady Capel, and £30 a year
under will (dated 1810) of Mrs. Alithea Mary
Stafford. (fn. 88) Parish children boarded 1735 and
later employed, master being part-time tradesman. (fn. 89) 23 B and 13 G clothed and educ. 1811. (fn. 90)
After merging with Sunday sch. of c. 1810, (fn. 91) new
sch. ho. for 200 B opened in the Ham 1815, when
bldg. in the Butts became sch. for G. (fn. 92) Dr. Bell's
system adopted by 1819, when 146 B and 71 G. (fn. 93)
Nat. schs. by 1835. (fn. 94) G moved 1840 to new sch.
in Half Acre, paid for by legacies and Clitherow
family; (fn. 95) bldg. in the Butts then used by I (fn. 96) until
their move to Half Acre c. 1860. (fn. 97) 1870 accn. 457
BGI, a.a. 270. Extended c. 1885 and rebuilt
1893. (fn. 98) 1880-1912 a.a. c. 340. (fn. 99) 1919 accn. 207 B,
112 G, 131 I, a.a. 98 B, 94 G, 64 I. Closed 1931.
St. Lawrence's With St. Paul's, see St.
St. Luke's C.E., Drayton Green. Opened
1902-3 for I in St. Luke's iron church. (fn. 1) 1906
accn. 110, a.a. 71. Replaced by Drayton sch.
1908. (fn. 2)
St. Mary's C.E. G, Ealing Green. Jane (d.
1712), widow of Sir William Rawlinson, (fn. 3) left
£500 to clothe and educ. 20 G but there was no
separate foundation until 13 a. near church were
bought and leased out under Chancery decree of
1787. Sch. ho., with accn. for mistress, bought
W. of Ealing Green 1795. 20 G clothed and educ.
1819, when Nat. system to be adopted. (fn. 4) 60 G
educ. 1821 and 1857. I sch. added 1837 but
moved 1857, when teaching was poor. (fn. 5) Sch.
rebuilt 1862 (fn. 6) and extended 1894. (fn. 7) 1906 accn.
145, a.a. 174. 1919 accn. 128, a.a. 121. Reorg.
1921 for 128 SG and transferred to Ealing M.B.
St. Mary's C.E. B, South Ealing Rd. (fn. 8) Opened
c. 1714 as char. sch. (fn. 9) Sch. ho. built 1719 and used
by B and G. (fn. 10) Boys' sch. ho., with accn. for
master, built 1782. Financed by subscriptions,
sermons, and legacies, (fn. 11) inc. rent charge of
£37 10s. in 1819 under will (proved 1721) of
Dorothy, Lady Capel, and £30 a year under will
(dated 1810) of Mrs. Alithea Mary Stafford. 20 B
clothed and educ. until 1817, when Nat. system
adopted and schoolroom built for 100. 106 B
educ. 1819, (fn. 12) 115 in 1845. Sch. rebuilt 1874 and
extended 1890. I sch. added 1887. 1906 accn. 237
B, 120 I, a.a. 220 B, 235 I. 1919 accn. 187 B, 94 I,
a.a. 173 B, 66 I. Reorg. 1921 for SB and I, 1922-3
for JM. 1927 accn. 272, a.a. 250. Closed 1939. (fn. 13)
St. Paul's C.E., St. Paul's Rd., Brentford.
Opened 1873 for 522 BGI. (fn. 14) Extended 1883,
with places for 200 I, and 1898. (fn. 15) 1906 accn. 248
B, 210 G, 322 I, a.a. 236 B, 209 G, 310 I. 1919
accn. 144 B, 171 G, 284 I, a.a. 140 B, 162 G, 236
I. Bldgs. condemned 1920. (fn. 16) Reorg. c. 1925 for
M and I, 1930 for separate JM and I, 1932 for
JMI. 1932 accn. 329 JM, 264 I, a.a. 308 JM, 154
I. Called St. Lawrence's with St. Paul's sch. 1953
on union of benefices. Extended 1966. Roll 1977:
St. Saviour's C.E. First, the Grove. Opened
1861 as Nat. I sch. for St. Mary's and Christ
Church in former Cong. chapel, I having been
taught 1837-57 at charity (St. Mary's G) sch.
and afterwards in overcrowded temp. premises. (fn. 17)
Became Christ Church I sch. 1878. (fn. 18) Reorg. 1930
as St. Saviour's C.E. I sch. 1932 accn. 250, a.a.
173. Extended 1962 and 1974. First sch. from
1974. Roll 1978: 300.
St. Stephen's C.E., Pitshanger Lane. Opened
after 1867 for BG in stables of Kent Ho. Moved
1882 to Pitshanger Lane. (fn. 19) 1906 accn. 146 BG,
a.a. 92. G moved to N. Ealing sch. 1911. (fn. 20) 1919
accn. 143 B, a.a. 124. Closed when B moved to
N. Ealing 1921.
Walpole, Cranmer Ave. Opened 1925 as
Ealing central sch. 1926 accn. 320 B, 320 G, a.a.
245 B, 240 G. Reorg. 1937 as Ealing modern
sch. (fn. 21) 1938 accn. 640 SM, a.a. 413. Extended
1945 as Walpole grammar sch., took over former
Lammas I sch. 1953 and Little Ealing sec.
mod. 1962. (fn. 22) Formed Elthorne high sch. with
Bordeston sec. mod., Hanwell, from 1974. New
bldgs. on Bordeston site under construction
1978. Roll 1978: 1,140 SM.
Special schools. (fn. 23) ASTON, see Cavendish.
Castlebar, Hathaway Gardens. Opened 1972
for multi-handicapped BG aged 4-13. Roll 1977:
Cavendish, Cavendish Ave. Opened 1960 as
Aston sch., Aston Rd., for emotionally disturbed
BG aged 3-16. Moved 1971 to new Cavendish
sch. Roll 1977: 31.
St. Mary's Rd. Girls' Home.
Ealing Ho. 1867, having moved from Acton,
by Nat. Refuges for Homeless and Destitute
Children. G educ. and trained in household
work. Extended 1870 for G under age of 9. (fn. 24)
Financed by subscriptions, (fn. 25) but parl. grant paid
by 1884-5, when accn. 140, a.a. 78. 1906 accn.
140, a.a. 85. 1919 accn. 105, a.a. 76. Moved to
Esher (Surr.) 1930. (fn. 26)
Springhallow, Aston Rd. Opened 1971 for
autistic BG aged 3-16 in former Aston sch. A
unit of Cavendish sch. until 1976. Roll 1978: 22.
Adult and technical education. (fn. 27) Evening
classes for adults were held in 1842 (fn. 28) and during
the winter from 1859 to 1863 or later, when half
of the master's salary was borne by the boys'
National school and half by subscriptions. (fn. 29)
Ealing college of higher education derived from
art classes held from c. 1884 and science classes
added by 1895. At first they took place at Ealing
free library, (fn. 30) by 1901 at the Hall, Ealing Green,
and from 1913 at Ealing county school for boys.
In 1929 they moved to the surviving building
provided by the county council at the corner of
St. Mary's and Warwick roads, which housed a
school of arts, a technical institute, and evening
intermediate schools. After several changes of
name the building was called Ealing technical
institute (later college) and school of art in 1937,
Ealing technical college in 1961, and Ealing
college of higher education in 1977. There were
c. 220 full-time students in 1946, 450 full-time,
700 part-time, and 7,000 evening students in
1956, (fn. 31) and 1,800 full-time and 3,400 part-time
students in 1977-8. New buildings were added
in 1953, 1962, and 1966, when the college also
took over the former girls' county school.
Private schools. (fn. 32)
In 1599 Thomas Haward
taught 18 boys, mostly gentlemen's sons aged
6-17, at his father's house in Ealing. (fn. 33) In the 17th
century and early 18th several schoolmasters
were licensed. (fn. 34)
The Revd. William Dodd (1729-77), the
forger, taught a few boys at his London house
from 1766. (fn. 35) He rented a house at Pope's Cross
near the west end of Pope's Lane, wrongly
identified as Coldhall manor house, in 1769 (fn. 36) but
had moved to Whitton in Isleworth by 1773. (fn. 37)
Pupils included Philip Stanhope (d. 1815), who
in 1773 succeeded his godfather the letter writer
as earl of Chesterfield. (fn. 38) The same house became
known as Goodenough House, where a school
was kept by the Revd. Samuel Goodenough
(1743-1827), later bishop of Carlisle, from 1772
until 1798 (fn. 39) and thereafter by his nephew William
Goodenough until 1818. (fn. 40) Pupils included the
prime minister Henry Addington, Viscount
Sidmouth (1757-1844), in 1773-4, (fn. 41) the diplomat and collector Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin
(1766-1841), (fn. 42) the antiquary Barré Charles
Roberts (1789-1810) from 1799 to 1805, (fn. 43) and
the soldier Sir Robert Walpole (1808-76). (fn. 44)
Among later principals were the Revd. William
Moseley from 1820 to 1832, (fn. 45) George Mowbray
Gilbert, with 42 boys in 1851, (fn. 46) and Frank
Howard in 1853. (fn. 47) Goodenough House was
demolished in 1858 and replaced by the Limes. (fn. 48)
Charles Wallington kept a boys'
boarding school at Haven Green, wrongly
thought to have been at Ealing House, where he
lived from 1783 to 1822 (fn. 49) and was succeeded by
the Revd. B. Greenlaw from 1823 to 1828. (fn. 50) The
novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Lord Lytton
(1803-73), was a pupil. (fn. 51)
Great Ealing school was founded in 1698. (fn. 52) A
Mr. Pierce was succeeded as master in 1768 by
his son-in-law the Revd. Richard Badcock
Shury, rector of Perivale, whose son-in-law the
Revd. David Nicholas became headmaster in
1791. Nicholas (d. 1829) and his sons the Revd.
George, who left in 1837, and the Revd. Francis
Nicholas spent large sums on buildings and
achieved a wide reputation. (fn. 53) The school, in a
house known as the Old Rectory near the church,
had 200 boys in 1811 (fn. 54) and 365 in 1820. (fn. 55) The
curriculum was that of a public school, (fn. 56) and
Louis-Philippe, later king of the French, taught
geography and mathematics there in the early
19th century. (fn. 57) Pupils included the soldier Sir
Robert Sale (1782-1845), (fn. 58) the publisher Charles
Knight 1803-5, (fn. 59) John Henry Newman (1801-
90), (fn. 60) the composer Sir George MacFarren
(1813-87), (fn. 61) and the Ealing-born scientist T. H.
Huxley (1825-95). (fn. 62) After the school had moved
to the Owls, built 1846-7, on the west side of St.
Mary's Road, the Old Rectory made way for
Ranelagh Road and part of the grounds were
added to the churchyard. (fn. 63) The school was
directed by Dr. Ebenezer Pearce in 1861, (fn. 64) the
Revd. Edward Hedges in 1868, Charles Morgan
in 1874, (fn. 65) and Dr. John Chapman, the Jewish
educationalist, from 1881. (fn. 66) Under Morgan it
was a day school, with subjects including bookkeeping and physical science. (fn. 67) After its closure
in 1908 the Owls was replaced by Cairn Avenue
and Nicholas Gardens. (fn. 68)
Ealing's private schools increased in the 19th
century, from 9 'academies' in 1826 to 14 private
schools in 1871, 22 in 1880, and 29 in 1900. There
were still 26 in 1949 and 14 in 1979. (fn. 69) Brentford
had comparatively few, 5 being listed in 1832, 6
in 1845, and 5 in 1890, none of them apparently
long lived. (fn. 70)
Ealing Grove school, near Ealing green, (fn. 71) was
founded in 1834 by Lady Noel-Byron, of Fordhook House. Interested in combining learning
with practical skills, (fn. 72) she had visited Philipp
Emanuel de Fellenberg at Hofwyl (Switzerland) (fn. 73) and appointed as first headmaster E. T.
Craig, who had an Owenite background. (fn. 74) The
curriculum eschewed corporal punishment and
included drawing, carpentry, and gardening,
with much use of equipment favoured by de
Fellenberg and Pestalozzi. Boys from the age of
6, mostly poor, were taken for 2d. a week and
boarders from the age of 12. (fn. 75) Despite a change of
emphasis, advanced methods were still used
when Lady Byron moved in 1842. (fn. 76) The school
closed in 1852. (fn. 77)
C. N. Atlee, master of St. Mary's National
school until 1835 and of Ealing Grove 1835-52,
opened Byron House school, in the Park, in
1859 (fn. 78) and had 87 boys, aged 8-17, in 1861. (fn. 79)
Atlee's son Charles continued it from 1866 (fn. 80)
until 1886, when it was acquired by Dr. B.
Brucesmith, (fn. 81) who in 1896 renamed it Ealing
Grammar school and prepared boarders and day
boys for the main public examinations. (fn. 82) It had
200 boarders in 1912, (fn. 83) and closed in 1917. (fn. 84)
Ealing college originated in Church House
boys' school, founded in 1820 at the corner of
Church Lane and St. Mary's Road. (fn. 85) Headmasters included Thomas Lovegrove in 1839, (fn. 86)
William Quicke by 1851, (fn. 87) and William Rowlatt,
under whom the school apparently declined,
from 1864 to 1872. (fn. 88) Charles Taylor then took
over and modernized the school, tripling the
numbers by 1876. He moved it to new premises
in the Mall at the corner of Hamilton Road,
opened in 1880 as Ealing college, leaving Church
House to be demolished in 1882. (fn. 89) It was called
Hermosa school after Taylor's departure in 1886
and the Proprietary school from 1894 until its
closure in 1901. (fn. 90) Girton House school for girls
occupied the building from 1905 to 1923 (fn. 91) and
Acton college moved there in 1925, when it was
renamed Ealing college. In 1943 it was divided,
the lower school moving to the former Hillsborough preparatory school in Creffield Road
and the upper to the former Castle Hill school at
no. 83 the Avenue in 1957. After transferring to
no. 70 the Avenue, previously Wynnstay school,
in 1961, (fn. 92) the lower school closed in 1973. (fn. 93) The
upper school had 340 boys on the roll in 1978. (fn. 94)
Thorn House academy was founded in 1836 by
William Henry Ray in the former master's house
of Great Ealing school. (fn. 95) There were 36 boarders,
aged 6 to 15, in 1851 and 77, aged 8 to 19, in
1871. (fn. 96) Under the Revd. Richard Mulcaster,
Ray's successor from 1874, Thorn House was
called a collegiate and commercial school. (fn. 97) Later
headmasters were F. Bynoe by 1881, H. P.
Greaves by 1887, (fn. 98) and Samuel Dyer, who in
1890 moved it to Warwick Road as the short lived
Harlingen school. (fn. 99) In 1893 the original premises
were occupied by St. Mary's college, which
emphasized science (fn. 1) and closed in 1895, the
building becoming a Liberal club until its
demolition in 1902. (fn. 2)
Ealing Deanery middle-class school was promoted by Ealing Ruri-Decanal Association, to
give prominence to religious instruction. (fn. 3) In face
of opposition (fn. 4) the school opened in Brentford
High street in 1864, with both day pupils and
boarders. (fn. 5) Never self-supporting, the school
closed in 1879. (fn. 6)
Girls' schools, which included Mrs.
Robinson's school for ladies in 1790, (fn. 7) proliferated
in the late 19th century. One at no. 9 Bonchurch
Villas, the Grove, in 1866 (fn. 8) had moved by 1874 to
Grosvenor House, no. 46 Windsor Road, (fn. 9) where
in 1882 there was a ladies' collegiate school with a
kindergarten. (fn. 10) It moved to the Hawthorns, no.
19 Ealing Common, in 1883, (fn. 11) had day girls and
boarders in 1908, (fn. 12) and closed in 1912. (fn. 13)
Princess Helena college moved in 1882 from
Regent's Park (St. Marylebone) to new buildings
in 9 a. in Montpelier Road. (fn. 14) Founded in 1820 as
the Adult Orphans Institution, to train governesses, it had changed its name in 1876 when
partly evolving into a high school. (fn. 15) There was
accommodation for 55 boarders and 100 day
girls, (fn. 16) with a kindergarten which also took boys.
Scholarships continued to be awarded to orphans
in 1889. (fn. 17) The school moved in 1936 to Temple
Dinsley (Herts.) (fn. 18) and in 1979 the site was
occupied by Helena Court and Montpelier
Notting Hill and Ealing high school for girls,
opened by the Girls' Public Day School Trust as
Notting Hill and Bayswater high school, (fn. 19) moved
in 1931 to Ealing, where many pupils lived. It
took over some girls from Girton House, whose
building at no. 2 Cleveland Road it occupied.
The reorganized junior school opened at Redlands, no. 20 St. Stephen's Road, in 1935. The
school was grant-aided under the Education Act,
1944, (fn. 20) until 1976. New buildings included a
library in 1970 and science block in 1979. There
were 643 girls aged 5-18 in 1978. (fn. 21)
Harvington school, until 1916 called Heidelberg college, (fn. 22) had opened by 1893 as a girls' day
and boarding school at no. 67 Gordon Road. In
1908 it was at nos. 24 and 26 Castlebar Road, (fn. 23)
where it remained in 1979.
Durston House, a boys' preparatory school,
was founded in 1886 at no. 14 Castlebar Road, (fn. 24)
under B. C. and R. M. Pearce, sons of Ebenezer
Pearce of Great Ealing school. (fn. 25) Only day boys
were taken after 1892. (fn. 26) Durston House retained expanded premises in Castlebar Road in
1978, with 200 boys. (fn. 27)
Hamilton House, opened in 1905 (fn. 28) in Hamilton Road, had moved by 1908 to Florence Road (fn. 29)
and specialized in preparing boys for the Royal
Naval College, Osborne. From 1973 numbers
rose, (fn. 30) the juniors moving in 1974 to the former
lower school of Ealing college at no. 70 the
Avenue. (fn. 31) In 1978 it took girls aged 4-9 and boys
aged 4-14. (fn. 32)
Lourdes Mount school for girls was started in
1923 by Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Mary at
Rochester House, Little Ealing Lane, (fn. 33) which
earlier housed Mrs. Robinson's girls' school in
1839, Dr. Northcott's military college from
1872, the Metropolitan Board asylum 1903-5,
and Marylebone school for orphan girls 1910-
22. (fn. 34) Lourdes Mount, with 300 children in 1958,
closed in 1971 on amalgamating with the convent
of the Sacred Heart of Mary, Hillingdon. (fn. 35)
Rochester House was bought by the Institution
of Production Engineers in 1974. (fn. 36)
The convent of the Augustinians ladies' school
opened in 1915 in new buildings in Hillcrest
Road. Originally a day and boarding school for
girls, with a day school for small boys, it was
extended in 1932 (fn. 37) and had 325 day girls, aged
4-18, in 1978. (fn. 38)
St. Anne's convent school was founded in 1903
by the Sisters of Charity. It had 489 girls, aged
5-18, and 7 boys in 1978. (fn. 39)
St. Benedict's school originated in a school
opened in 1902 by Father Sebastian Cave,
following the establishment of a temporary
chapel in 1896 by Downside abbey. (fn. 40) As Ealing
Catholic school, renamed Ealing Priory school in
1916, it occupied Orchard Dene in Montpelier
Road from 1906 before moving to no. 56 Eaton
Rise in 1924. Orchard Dene was retained for
boarders, no. 54 Eaton Rise was acquired in
1929, (fn. 41) and new buildings were added in 1937. (fn. 42)
The school was called St. Benet's in 1938-9 and
thereafter St. Benedict's. In 1948 the 445 boys
included 200 juniors and in 1950 a separate
middle school was formed. Elected to the Headmasters' Conference in 1951, (fn. 43) the school was
still governed by Ealing abbey in 1979. There
were then 220 boys in the junior school and 595 in
the middle and upper schools, besides some girls
in the sixth form. (fn. 44)
Ealing commercial college, a day and boarding
school at nos. 1 and 2 Totnes Villas, Uxbridge
Road, in 1888 replaced Eccleston collegiate
school for boys. (fn. 45) Girls were taught at Ealing
secretarial college, no. 51 the Mall, in 1912. (fn. 46) A
branch of Clark's college was at no. 45 Uxbridge
Road from 1910, then at no. 95 New Broadway,
and finally, until 1965, at no. 83. (fn. 47) Pitman's
college opened in 1914 at nos. 52-6 Uxbridge
Road and leased part of Bilton House, built there
in 1959, until c. 1968. (fn. 48) Gregg secretarial college
started in 1926 at no. 3 Hamilton Road but by
1928 was at no. 36 Uxbridge Road and by 1954 at
no. 8 Mattock Lane, (fn. 49) where it remained as the
co-educational Gregg school in 1979. (fn. 50)