In 1697 and again in 1698 the overseers paid for 13 months' 'foundling schooling'. (fn. 60) In
1717 the vestry resolved that 'the children be kept to
their schooling', at the churchwardens' expense, (fn. 61)
and from 1723 payments were made for nursing and
teaching individual boys and for their books. (fn. 62) At
least one schoolmaster was paid quarterly by 1774-5
and bills from a man and a woman were met in
1779. (fn. 63) While the earliest pupils were presumably
orphans, with no permanent schoolhouse, the payments in the 1770s were probably for a 'public
school' recalled by some inhabitants in 1802 as having been supported by the charities' estates but
having fallen into disuse. (fn. 64) Paddington in 1795 had
only a Sunday school. (fn. 65)
The vestry decided to re-establish the free school,
later called St. Mary's, in 1802. (fn. 66) A hundred pupils
were taught in 1816, when more than 1,500 children
of under 12 years of age lived on the south side of the
canal alone, (fn. 67) and in 1819 the minister stated that
education for the poor was insufficient. (fn. 68) Increased
application of rents from the charities' copyhold
estates and money from the sale of waste lands
assisted the rebuilding of St. Mary's as a National
school in 1822 and the building of another Church
school, at Bayswater, in 1831. (fn. 69) From 1829 a school
for 50 girls was maintained by Mrs. Sutcliffe of
Orme Square and from 1833 there was an infants'
school for 100, also of private foundation. Feepaying schools, smaller but much more numerous, in
1833 supported 954 children. (fn. 70)
One fifth of the income from all the charities'
estates was allotted to the parochial schools in 1837. (fn. 71)
By 1850 parliamentary grants were paid to the three
National schools of St. Mary's, St. John's, and Bayswater, and to a fourth, St. John's, Kensal Green, in
Chelsea detached. (fn. 72) Westbourne and All Saints'
schools also received grants by 1855, when all six
aided schools were National ones. (fn. 73) A ragged school
had opened in 1848 and there were also Roman
Catholic and dissenters' schools, not supported by
grants, from the 1850s. (fn. 74) Church schools multiplied,
eight being founded between 1859 and 1870. (fn. 75) They
shared the income from the charities' estates, which
in 1894 totalled £924 18s. 10d. and was divided
among 15 schools according to their size. (fn. 76) The
guardians employed a master and mistress to teach
the workhouse children from 1847 until 1871. (fn. 77)
Under the Education Act, 1870, Paddington
formed part of the Marylebone division of the London school board, together with Hampstead, Marylebone, and St. Pancras, while the adjacent area of
Chelsea detached lay in the Chelsea division. (fn. 78) Three
more Church schools soon opened and several others
were enlarged, (fn. 79) while a mission in Ranelagh Road
had been taken over as a temporary board school by
1878. (fn. 80) The board opened the first of its two schools
in Queen's Park in 1877 and the second in 1881,
when it also opened schools in Amberley Road and
Campbell Street, Maida Vale. Two more, the
Moberley and Kilburn Lane, followed in 1884 and
1885. A seventh board school, made necessary by the
final building up of the northern part of Paddington,
was opened at Essendine Road in 1900. (fn. 81)
The L.C.C.'s education committee succeeded the
London school board in 1904, under the Education
(London) Act, 1903. (fn. 82) The committee thereafter
listed its Paddington schools according to electoral
divisions, those in the former Chelsea detached being
transferred to Paddington North. (fn. 83) In 1913 the
borough contained 8 L.C.C. elementary schools, of
which 7 were former board schools, and 20 nonprovided schools, of which 3 were Roman Catholic
and 1 was Jewish. Secondary education was provided at the County Secondary school and at Paddington and Maida Vale high school, both aided, and
at St. Mary's college. (fn. 84) In 1918 North Paddington
was one of the metropolitan areas where poverty had
produced a large number of backward pupils. (fn. 85) By
1951, apart from special and technical schools, there
were 11 L.C.C. schools, 7 of them primary and 4
secondary, and 13 voluntary schools, one of which
was secondary. All except one of the L.C.C.'s
schools but only 5 of the voluntary schools lay within
Paddington North. (fn. 86)
Under the London Government Act, 1963, Paddington was joined with the rest of Westminster and
with Camden in one of ten divisions of the new
I.L.E.A. (fn. 87) After amalgamations the former borough
contained the whole or part of 3 mixed secondary
schools, one being Anglican and one Roman Catholic,
and 20 primary schools, of which 7 were Anglican
and 3 Roman Catholic. (fn. 88)
The general sources are those indicated above, p. 160, with the addition of Endowed
Chars. Lond. H.C. 261, pp. 39-43 (1894), lxiii, for
19th-century Church of England schools, and Kelly's
Dir. Paddington, and the same abbreviations are
used. Primary sch. roll nos. for Jan. 1986 supplied
by I. L. E. A. Research and Statistics Dept.
All Saints C.E., Francis Street. Opened 1852 as
Nat. sch. for GBI. (fn. 89) Financed by parl. grant, vol.
contributions, and sch. pence (2d.). 1893 accn. 389
BGI, a.a. 200; 1899 accn. 259 BI, a.a. 125. Closed by
Amberley Rd., Harrow Rd. Opened 1881 as bd.
sch. for 603 BGI. Enlarged 1906 for 600 M, 393 I;
1910 for 520 B, 570 I. 1932 accn. 360 B, 480 G, 546 I,
a.a. 262 B, 254 G, 281 I. JB, JG, I by 1936. Senior
dept. by 1951, when renamed Kemble (q.v.); junior
dept., called Amberley primary, closed 1954. (fn. 90)
Bayswater Jewish, St. James's Terr., Harrow
Rd. Opened 1867 at no. 1 Westbourne Pk. Villas.
Moved to new bldg. in Harrow Rd., provided in
compensation by G.W.R. Co., 1879. (fn. 91) Parl. grant by
1880. 1889 accn. 267, a.a. 175. 1906 accn. 152 B,
154 G, 113 I, a.a. 115 B, 90 G, 65 I. Name changed
from Paddington Bayswater Jewish sch. to Kensington Bayswater Jewish sch. on move to Lancaster Rd.
1930. Later called Solomon Wolfson.
Bayswater Nat., see St. Matthew C.E.
Bayswater Ragged, see St. Matthew parochial I.
Bayswater R.C., see St. Mary of the Angels, St.
Beethoven Street, Queen's Pk. Opened 1881 as
bd. sch. for 1,166 MI in Chelsea detached. Higher
grade by 1906. 1927 accn. 675 M, 382 I, a.a. 665 M,
340 I. 1932 accn. 548 SM, a.a. 457. SM 1958; SB by
1961, when closed. (fn. 92)
Campbell Street, Maida Vale. Opened 1881 as
bd. sch. for 802 BGI. 1906 accn. 312 B, 312 G, 348
I, a.a. 277 B, 252 G, 287 I. 1932 accn. 598 JM, 330 I,
a.a. 303 JM, 294 I. Name changed to Paddington
Green primary 1962. Roll 1986: 218 JMI.
Cirencester Street, see St. Mary Magdalene.
Cirencester Street R.C., see Our Lady of
Clarendon Street, see St. Mary Magdalene.
Craven Hill Cong. Ch. Opened 1862 in rooms
beneath ch. Financed by sch. pence (2d.-6d.) from
31 B and 76 G in 1874. Closed soon after 1874.
Droop Street, see Queen's Pk. primary.
Edward Wilson Primary, Senior Street, Harrow
Rd. Opened 1915 as Senior Street council sch. for
BGI, replacing Harrow Rd. temp. council sch.
(q.v.). 1919 accn. 320 B, 320 G, 384 I, a.a. 191 B,
191 G, 203 I. SB, SG, I between 1932 and 1936.
Primary sch. alone, called Edw. Wilson, by 1951.
Roll 1986: 249 JMI.
Temp. bd. sch. for GBI in
iron bldgs. by 1898. Opened 1900 as Essendine Rd.
bd. sch. for 422 SM, 422 JM, 438 I. Enlarged 1910
for 550 B, 550 G, 595 I. 1932 accn. 560 B, 480 G,
516 I, a.a. 495 B, 456 G, 432 I. Name changed to
Essendine council sch. by 1938. Primary and SM
schs. until 1958, then primary and SG. (fn. 93) SG closed
1962 on opening of Sarah Siddons (q.v.). (fn. 94) Roll
1986: 163 JMI.
Hallfield Primary, Porchester Gdns. Opened
1953 for JM & I, on site provided by Paddington
M.B., in linked bldgs. of precast concrete whose
design led to growth of Denys Lasdun's reputation. (fn. 95) Rolls 1986: 235 JM, 234 I.
Harrow Rd., see Moberley.
Harrow Rd. Vine Court R.C., see Our Lady of
Harrow Rd. Temp. Opened 1911 for 324 JM in
iron bldgs. Closed 1915 on opening of Edw. Wilson
Holy Trinity, see Trinity.
Kemble, Amberley Rd., Harrow Rd. Opened as
senior dept. of Amberley Rd. sch. by 1951, when renamed Kemble. Allotted whole of Amberley Rd.
bldg. 1954. (fn. 96) SM 1955. Closed by 1958.
Kilburn Ch. Extension, see St. Augustine C.E.
Kilburn Lane, Central, see North Paddington.
Kilburn Lane, Kensal Green. Temp. bd. sch. by
1884. Opened 1885 as perm. bd. sch. in Chelsea
detached for 1,583 BGI. Higher grade by 1906. 1919
accn. 480 B, 480 G, 363 I, a.a. 381 B, 323 G, 205 I.
JMI from 1926. 1927 accn. 327, a.a. 232. Closed
Lancefield Street temp.
Opened by 1881 as bd.
sch. in Chelsea detached. 1881 accn. 172, a.a. 78.
Probably closed by 1882.
Maida Vale High, see Paddington and Maida
Moberley, the, Kilburn Lane. Opened as Harrow Rd. bd. sch. for 1,182 BGI. Name changed to
the Moberley bd. sch. by 1899, with accn. for 1,607
BGI. 1932 accn. 387 B, 392 G, 457 I, a.a. 290 B,
273 G, 285 I. 1936 accn. 554 JMI, a.a. 242. Closed
1957. (fn. 97)
North Paddington, Kilburn Lane. Opened 1925
and 1926 as separate Kilburn Lane central schs. for
400 SB and 332 SG from Kilburn Lane sch. Names
changed to North Paddington central schs. by 1932.
1938 a.a. 259 SB, 277 SG. Single sec. mod. sch. by
1951. Upper sch. in Amberley Rd. and lower sch. in
Harrow Rd. by 1972. Amalg. with Paddington and
Maida Vale high sch. to form Paddington sch. (q.v.)
1972. (fn. 98)
North Westminster community.
on amalg. of Paddington and Sarah Siddons schs.
(qq.v.) with Rutherford sch., Marylebone. Premises
of former schs. used respectively for new sch.'s
Paddington lower ho., upper sch., and Marylebone
lower ho. Roll 1986: 1,753.
Our Lady Of Dolours R.C. Primary, Desborough Street, Cirencester Street. Opened 1867 as
Harrow Rd. Vine Court R.C. sch. for GI and managed by priests of ch. of St. Mary of the Angels.
Financed by vol. contributions and sch. pence (1d.).
Moved to new bldg. in Cirencester Street 1872.
Parl. grant by 1880. MI by 1893. Name changed to
Our Lady of Dolours c. 1907. 1919 accn. 160 B,
240 G, 176 1, a.a. 149 B, 288 GI. Roll 1986: 305
Paddington, Oakington Rd. Opened 1972 as SM
sch. on amalg. of North Paddington with Paddington
and Maida Vale high sch. (qq.v.). Annexe in Elgin
Ave. Part of North Westminster sch. (q.v.) from
Paddington And Maida Vale High, Elgin Ave.
Opened by 1884 as Maida Vale high in Warrington
Lodge, Warrington Cres., by Girls' Public Day
School Trust. (fn. 99) Moved to no. 129 Elgin Ave., as
Paddington and Maida Vale high, by 1890. (fn. 1) County
sch. for SG by 1913. Amalg. with North Paddington
to form Paddington sch. (q.v.) 1972. (fn. 2)
Paddington Green Primary, see Campbell
Paddington Wharf, Church Pl. Opened 1848 as
ragged schs. for GBI in Kent's Pl. Soon moved to
nos. 22-4 Church Pl., where I nursery for working
mothers also opened. 1853 a.a. 40 B, 30 G, 110 1. (fn. 3)
Managed by cttees. of subscribers and financed by
vol. contributions and sch. pence (1d. from 1873).
1878 accn. 254, a.a. 127. Probably closed by 1880.
Queen's Pk. Hall Temp. Opened by 1883 as
temp. bd. sch. in mission hall. 1884 accn. 185, a.a.
143. Replaced by Kilburn Lane (q.v.).
Queen's Pk. Primary, Droop Street. Opened 1877
as D Street (later Droop Street) bd. sch. for 1,104
BGI in Chelsea detached. 1927 accn. 280 B, 264 G,
306 I, a.a. 252 B, 259 G, 217 I. 1932 a.a. 221 JM,
107 I. Name changed to Queen's Pk. primary by
1951. JM and I schs. by 1981. Rolls 1986: 165 JM,
Ranelagh Rd. Opened 1867 as mission sch. in
bldg. leased from Grand Junction Canal Co. Managed by cttee. on Nat. Soc. lines. Financed by sch.
pence (3d. and 4d.) and letting rooms 1867; parl.
grant by 1870. Bd. sch. by 1878. 1881 accn. 258, a.a.
307. Probably closed by 1882.
St. Augustine C.E., Kilburn Pk. Rd. GI opened
1871 as Kilburn Ch. Extension sch. and B opened
1873, both schs. at first in temp. premises. Financed
by vol. contributions and sch. pence (GI 2d-3d., B
3d.-4d.) and parl. grant by 1878. 1881 accn. 366 B,
818 GI. 1889 accn. 1,072 B, 1,347 GI, a.a. 654 B,
1,018 GI. B maintained by L.C.C. from 1909.
1919 accn. 393 B, 596 GI, a.a. 363 B, 484 GI.
Primary and sec. schs. by 1951. C.E. comprehensive
sch. from 1969, in new bldgs. in Oxford Rd., and
C.E. primary sch. Rolls 1986: 673 SM; 177 JMI.
St. Augustine Mission, Kilburn Pk. Rd. Opened
1874 as mission sch. for GI on same site as Nat. schs.
Managed by cttee. Financed by vol. contributions
and sch. pence (1d.) 1874; parl. grant by 1878.
1880 accn. 129, a.a. 128. Probably closed by 1881.
St. George R.C., Lanark Rd. Opened 1956 for
SM in new bldg. Annexe in Linstead Street, Hampstead, acquired 1961, when sch. became comprehensive. Roll 1982: 825 SM; 1986: 575 SM.
St. James C.E., Craven Terr. Opened 1862 as
Nat. sch. for BGI. Financed by vol. contributions,
sch. pence (2d.), and char. estates; parl. grant by
1865. 1906 accn. 173 B, 175 G, 147 I, a.a. 86 B,
102 G, 72 I. 1919 accn. 236 M, 96 I. 1936 accn.
326 JMI. Roll 1986: 149 JM.
St. John C.E., Kensal Green. Opened c. 1850 as
Nat. sch. in Chelsea detached for BGI. Financed by
parl. grant. 1880 accn. 493, a.a. 267. 1900 accn.
330 GI, a.a. 194. 1919 accn. 90 G, 100 I. Closed
St. John C.E., Titchborne Street. Opened c. 1830
as Nat. sch. for BG, 1840-1 for I. Financed by vol.
contributions, sch. pence (2d.), and char. estates,
parl. grant by 1849. 1893 accn. 721 BGI, a.a. 428.
1919 accn. 200 M, 138 I Closed 1940. (fn. 4)
St. Joseph R.C., Lanark Rd. Opened 1959 in new
bldg., replacing bombed St. John's R.C. sch. in
Fisherton Street, Marylebone. (fn. 5) Roll 1986: 263 JMI.
St. Luke C.E., Fernhead Rd. Opened 1877 as
Nat. sch. for BGI from Willesden. 1893 accn. 547
BGI, a.a. 539. Reorg. 1925. 1927 accn. 276 M, 144
I, a.a. 240 M, 144 I. Roll 1986: 122 JMI.
St. John Servants' Training, Gt. Western Rd.
Opened by 1862 for G only, adjoining Westbourne
sch. Parl. grant by 1878. 1893 accn. 326 G, a.a. 69.
Called St. John's training sch. for G from c. 1890.
Private sch. by 1900 and continued until c. 1933,
when premises, St. John's Ho., became social club.
St. Mary C.E., Paddington green. (fn. 6) Opened 1802
as char. sch. for 30 B, 30 G adjoining par. ho. in
Harrow Rd. (fn. 7) 100 BG by 1816. Rebuilt 1822 E. of
almshos., on part of pond site at corner of Harrow
Rd. and Church PI., (fn. 8) with proceeds from waste
lands and gifts from Denis Chirac, by will dated
1775, and executor. Financed by vol. contributions,
char. sermon, and initially £50 a year from char.
copyhold estates, receiving whole profits of copyhold estates 1823. (fn. 9) I sch. opened 1833 S. of almshos.
Financed probably by char. estates, (fn. 10) parl. bldg.
grant 1834, and sch. pence (2d. in 1853). Nat. schs.
with parl. grants by 1851. 1853 a.a. 174 B, 98 G,
150 I. 1878 accn. 783 BGI, a.a. 413. GI premises
closed 1905. (fn. 11) 1913 temp. accn. 170 B. Closed
St. Mary Magdalene C.E., Cirencester and
Clarendon streets. Built 1865 as Nat. schs. for BGI
in Clarendon Street. Financed 1870 by sch. pence
(2d. or 3d.), 1878 by parl. grant. Sites acquired for
B 1879 in Cirencester Street, where sch. built
beneath St. Martha's chapel, and for GI in Clarendon Street 1882. 1885 accn. 571 B, 774 GI, a.a.
343 B, 360 GI. 1893 accn. 1,165 BGI, a.a. 914.
New I dept. opened 1914, taking some pupils from
Amberley Rd. 1919 accn. 730 BGI, a.a. 542. 1936
accn. 640 BGI, a.a. 396. JMI by 1951. Roll 1986:
St. Mary Magdalene Senior Street Nat.
Opened 1870 for G in hired ho. Under same
management as other St. Mary Magdalene schs.
Financed partly by sch. pence (1d. in 1877) and 1878
by parl. grant. 1878 accn. 66 G, a.a. 38. Probably
closed by 1880. Also St. Mary Magdalene penny
mixed sch., probably temp., opened 1873 for BGI
in ho. of vicar. Financed by sch. pence (1d.) and ch.
St. Mary of The Angels R.C., Westmoreland
(later Moorhouse) Rd. Opened 1857 for G. Managed
by clergy of St. Mary of the Angels. Financed by
vol. contributions, sch. pence (1d.), and 1878 by
parl. grant. 1900 accn. 200 M, a.a. 95. 1919 accn.
96 G, 60 I. JMI on amalg. with St. Mic.'s R.C.
between 1958 and 1961. Roll 1986: 211 JMI.
St. Mary's Orphanage, Kilburn. C.E. sch. for
G opened 1885 in orphanage of Sisters of the Ch.
Financed by sch. pence (4d.) from 78 G 1885.
Closed after 1894. (fn. 12)
St. Matthew C.E., Queen's Rd. New bldg. at
NE. corner of Porchester Gdns. leased 1832 (fn. 13) as
Bayswater Nat. sch. for BGI. Bldg. largely financed
by rents from char. estates and money from sale of
waste lands. (fn. 14) Parl. grant by 1848-9, when a.a. 174.
Managed by cttee. for Paddington char. (St. Mary's)
schs. until placed under joint control of incumbents
of St. Mat. and Holy Trinity 1860 and under cttee.
for St. Mat. 1861. Name changed to St. Mat.
parochial schs. 1868, when preference given to
children of dist. 1878 accn. 541 BGI, a.a. 515.
1919 accn. 422 BGI, a.a. 343. 1936 accn. 316 MI,
a.a. 264. Closed 1938. (fn. 15)
St. Matthew Parochial 1, Poplar Pl. Opened
1850 as Bayswater ragged sch. in shed, (fn. 16) replaced
1855 by 2 rooms behind nos. 23-5 Upper Craven Pl.
Informally transferred to St. Mat.'s parochial schs.
1873 but received separate parl. grant 1878 and
later. 1893 accn. 128 I, a.a. 45. Closed by 1900.
St. Michael C.E., Star Street. Opened 1870 as
Nat. sch. for BGI in new bldg. which had replaced
hos. Financed by sch. pence (2d., 4d.) and parl.
grant. 1878 accn. 618 BGI, a.a. 478. 1919 accn. 466
BGI, a.a. 382. Depts. for canal boat children, 24 M
and 15 I, added by 1932. 1936 accn. 143 SB, 263
SG and I. JM and I schs. by 1958. Closed between
1970 and 1972.
St. Michael R.C., Westmoreland Pl. Opened
1874 for B, on site adjoining sch. of St. Mary of the
Angels. Financed by vol. contributions, sch. pence
(7d.), and 1889 by parl. grant. 1889 accn. 115 B,
a.a. 43. 1938 accn. 112 B, a.a. 100. JB sch. by 1955.
Amalg. with St. Mary of the Angels (q.v.) as JMI
St. Paul C.E., Waverley Rd. Opened 1868 for
BGI as branch of Holy Trinity Nat. sch. Managed
by cttee. for Holy Trinity until informally transferred to new dist. by 1894. Financed by sch. pence
(2d.-3d.). 1893 accn. 558 MI, a.a. 456. 1919 accn.
405 MI, a.a. 338. Closed between 1951 and 1955.
Premises later used for Holy Trinity with St. Paul's
sec. sch. (see Trinity).
St. Peter C.E., Chippenham Mews. Opened
1867 as Nat. sch. for BGI in iron bldg. Financed by
sch. pence (3d.) and parl. grant. Perm. site acquired
1872. 1880 accn. 763 BGI, a.a. 658. 1919 accn. 545
MI, a.a. 423. 1936 accn. 237 JM, 174 I, a.a. 143
JM, 107 I. Roll 1986: 94 JMI.
St. Saviour C.E., Shirland Rd. Opened as Nat.
sch. for BGI in temp. accn. by 1871, when perm.
bldgs. under construction. Financed by sch. pence
(2d.-4d.) and 1873 by parl. grant. 1880 accn. 416,
a.a. 415. 1893 accn. 632 BGI, a.a. 450. 1932 accn.
656 BGI, a.a. 491. 1936 accn. 232 SB, 232 SG,
200 I, a.a. 93 SB, 118 SG, 127 I. JMI by 1955.
Roll 1986: 84 JMI.
St. Stephen C.E., Westbourne Pk. Rd. Opened
1859 as Nat. sch. for BGI. Financed by vol. contributions, sch. pence (1d.-2d.), and 1865 by parl.
grant. 1893 accn. 456 BGI, a.a. 266. Bldg. enlarged
1897. 1900 accn. 866 BGI, a.a. 546. 1938 accn.
779 BGI, a.a. 589. JMI by 1955. Roll 1986: 213
Saltram Crescent High, Kilburn. Originated
1886 in Gordon Commercial temp. sch. I classes.
Opened 1891 as Nat. sch. for BGI in new bldgs. of
Church Extension Assoc. Financed by sch. pence
(4d.-9d.). 1893 accn. 843, a.a. 202. 1903 accn. 495.
Closed c. 1913.
Sarah Siddons, N. Wharf Rd. Opened 1961-2
for SG, in bldg. of purple brick and concrete by
L.C.C. Schs. Division. (fn. 17) Part of North Westm. sch.
(q.v.) from 1980. (fn. 18)
Senior Street Council, see Edward Wilson.
Trinity C.E., Westbourne Pk. Terr. Opened
1864 as Nat. sch. for BGI. Financed by sch. pence
(2d.-3d.) and parl. grant. 1880 accn. 512, a.a. 503.
1893 accn. 547 BGI, a.a. 521. 1932 accn. 390 BGI,
a.a. 294. 1936 accn. 237 JM, 124 I, a.a. 166 JM,
97 I. Closed by 1951. Holy Trinity with St. Paul's
C.E. see. sch. opened in former St. Paul's sch. by
1955. Closed between 1962 and 1964.
Westbourne C.E., Gt. Western Rd. Opened 1851
as Nat. sch. for BGI and connected with Lock
hosp. (fn. 19) Financed by vol. contributions, sch. pence,
and 1854 by parl. grant. 1865 a.a. 232. Middle-class
dept. added by 1872 and sch. described as middleclass by 1890. (fn. 20) 1893 accn. 1,063 BG, a.a. 732. Continued as private sch. from 1905, after L.C.C.'s abolition of fees and demand for bldg. improvements. (fn. 21)
Survived as Middle-Class sch. (sec.), Westbourne
Pk. 1939. (fn. 22)
Wilberforce Primary, Herries Street, Kilburn
Lane. Opened 1889 (fn. 23) as C.E. sch. 1906 accn. 1,037
BGI, a.a. 652 BGI. 1927 accn. 772 BGI, a.a. 300.
Transferred to L.C.C. 1929. 1932 accn. 280 JM,
320 I, a.a. 241 JM, 281 I. Rolls 1986: 155 JM,
Woodfield Dist., Harrow Rd. Opened by 1859,
when paid parl. grant, as Nat. sch. Bldg. sold by
1870 and perhaps used as Brit. sch. 1875. (fn. 24)
Amberley Rd., see John Aird.
Bravington Rd., see Maryfields.
College Pk., Monmouth Rd. Opened as Kenmont Gdns. sch. for educationally sub-normal SG,
Hammersmith. Renamed 1949. New bldg. in Mon.
mouth Rd. for 100 G 1955. (fn. 25) Annexe in Bravington
Rd., formerly Maryfields sch. (q.v.), by 1967.
Essendine Rd., see Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Essendine Rd.
Opened 1901 as Essendine Rd. sch. for physically
handicapped. 1906 accn. 80. Renamed 1950, (fn. 26) when
sch. for SG and primary M, with Hampstead
annexe. Moved to Hampstead 1957. (fn. 27)
John Aird, Amberley Rd. Opened by 1925 as
Amberley Rd. sch. for partially sighted. Renamed
1949, when sch. for SM and primary M. 1954 accn.
90. (fn. 28) Moved to Valliere Rd., Hammersmith, by
Kensal Ho., Harrow Rd. Opened 1911 as
L.C.C.'s first open-air sch. for tuberculous children (fn. 29)
at no. 553 Harrow Rd. Closed 1939 or later.
Maryfields, Bravington Rd. Opened by 1925 as
Bravington Rd. sch. for mentally defective. Renamed 1950, (fn. 30) when sch. for primary M. Closed or
moved between 1958 and 1961.
Moberley Temp., Harrow Rd. Opened 1896 for
mentally defective. 1906 accn. 40. Probably closed
Adult and technical education.
Evening classes were held at the National schools of St. John, Kensal
Green, St. John, Titchborne Street, and St. Stephen
by 1870, with average attendances of 76, 25, and 14
respectively. (fn. 31) In 1871 they were also held at St.
Michael's and in 1878 they were at St. John's,
Titchborne Street, St. Luke's, and St. Mary Magdalene's. By 1891 there were 183 evening attenders
at Amberley Road, Harrow Road, Campbell Street,
and Kilburn Lane board schools. (fn. 32)
The London school board's first manual training
was at Beethoven Street, where the school keeper, a
carpenter, taught woodwork to senior boys from
1885. The costs, disallowed by the local government
auditor, were met by the City Guilds until the
Education Department modified its code in 1890.
Technical education became the responsibility of
the L.C.C. in 1893, on the formation of a technical
education board, which was superseded in 1904 by
the council's education committee. (fn. 33)
Westbourne Park institute was established in 1885
in one of two houses in Porchester Road which had
been bought by Westbourne Park Baptist church.
The rooms included a library, chemistry laboratory,
and, from 1888, a gymnasium, which was equipped
for science teaching in 1896. (fn. 34) It received grants
from the technical education board, as did the
Queen's Park institute in Harrow Road. (fn. 35)
Paddington technical institute was opened in 1903
in Saltram Crescent school and soon largely superseded the older institutions. (fn. 36) By 1925, in addition
to evening and Saturday classes, the institute housed
a boys' day school for building and engineering and
a girls' for dressmaking. (fn. 37) As Paddington technical
college, it took over the Chelsea school of chiropody
in 1957 and the former Beethoven Street school in
1963, before moving in 1967 into new blocks on the
north side of Paddington green. (fn. 38)
Evening and commercial classes were provided by
1906 at Essendine Road school, known as Maida
Vale commercial institute in 1939. Ordinary evening
classes were held at the Moberley school over the
same period and at Amberley Road and other former
board schools for a shorter time. (fn. 39) Paddington college for further education was established in Essendine Road in 1962 and moved to Saltram Crescent
and Beethoven Street in 1967. It offered less
advanced courses than the technical college and was
merged with it in 1974 to form Paddington college.
The new institution was designed for 900 full-time
and 7,000 part-time students, who could study
engineering and science at Paddington green, business and general education at Saltram Crescent, or
chiropody at Samford Street, Marylebone. (fn. 40)
Paddington adult education centre, after 16 years
under the L.C.C. and the I.L.E.A., was given its
own governing board in 1974, when it was responsible for day and evening classes at Sarah Siddons
school and 11 other centres in Paddington. It was
called the Marylebone-Paddington institute, at
Amberley adult centre and with branches at many
local schools, in 1983. (fn. 41) Adult classes in literacy and
basic skills, with courses for truants and nursery
classes, were provided at Beauchamp Lodge, Warwick Crescent. (fn. 42)
Private schools and colleges. (fn. 43)
A ladies' school was kept at the manor house, Paddington green, by the Misses Waring, who in 1820 declined to take a new lease, probably one which had been granted in 1813
to their niece's husband Joshua Cristall. (fn. 44) Of 16 private schools listed in 1828, at least 5 were at Paddington green and 5 in Bayswater; a few of the others were on the Marylebone side of Edgware Road. (fn. 45) In 1833 there were 954 pupils at 43 private schools, presumably day schools, and 11 boarding schools. Thirty-five of the day schools and four of the boarding schools had opened since 1818. (fn. 46) Although most
were short-lived, the total number remained high:
50 ladies' and 19 gentlemen's schools were listed in
1863, 18 boys' schools in 1879, and over 30 girls'
schools in 1884. The most popular district continued
to be Bayswater, where Hyde Park was sometimes
used as an address. While schools became less
numerous around Paddington green, they multiplied
with the building up of Maida Vale and St. Peter's
Park. Few of the schools of 1879 and 1884 survived
in 1902, after which time numbers declined.
Boys' establishments included Westbourne Collegiate school, in union with King's College, London, and founded in 1847. It was at Powis House,
Colville Road, Kensington, in 1879, with day boys
and 50 boarders. St. Charles's college was founded
in 1863, under the Oblates of St. Charles Borromeo,
and modelled on the great public schools. It soon
moved from Sutherland Place to nearby premises
adjoining the church of St. Mary of the Angels,
where boarders could be taken and where a middleclass school existed in 1905, the college having
moved in 1874 to St. Charles's Square, North Kensington. (fn. 47) There was a preparatory school at no. 11
Orme Square in 1879, from 1880 under Herbert
Wilkinson, whose pupils included Max Beerbohm
from 1881 until 1885. (fn. 48) By 1900 the school was also
at no. 10; it was kept by G. H. Wilkinson from c.
1926 and by E. G. Hobhouse in 1934, closing by
A school founded in 1847 was at no. 30 Westbourne Park Villas, as Westbourne Park and Willesden educational establishment, by 1856 and also
at no. 32 by 1860. Boys were taught at no. 30 and
girls by Miss Mina Winch at no. 32. Despite the
departure of the boys' headmaster to a school of his
own at no. 9 in 1870, the departments at nos. 30 and
32 remained under Miss Winch's ownership until
1875. (fn. 49) The boys' school then continued independently as the College until after 1900, by which date
Miss Winch had been succeeded by Miss Margaret
Hunter, whose school continued at nos. 28 and 32
until c. 1928. Bayswater High School for girls and
preparatory for boys, at no. 28 Monmouth Road between 1930 and 1935, claimed to continue Miss
Winch's school. In Newton Road, where there were
schools at nos. 6 and 14 c. 1870, a girls' school
founded in 1856 was kept at no. 19 by Mrs. Billingham in the 1880s. Woodfield schools, at no. 502
Harrow Road in 1890 and 1910, may have existed in
1875 as Woodfield British schools, perhaps formerly
a National school. (fn. 50) Westcott school, a coeducational
preparatory school founded in 1898, was at no. 118
Sutherland Avenue in 1939.
Wordsworth college was presumably founded by
the Kilburn Sisters, since it shared the premises of
their Victoria orphanage, built in 1887 in Shirland
Road. Girls were trained as teachers for low fees and
there were also art students, a few of whom boarded. (fn. 51)
It was not listed with other schools and colleges but
was recorded as at Rudolph Road, perhaps having
replaced the sisters' house of rest, in 1910. (fn. 52)
St. Mary Magdalene college for ladies existed in
St. James's Terrace, at nos. 122 and 124 Harrow
Road, by 1879. Called simply St. Mary's college and
aided by the L.C.C. as a girls' secondary school in
1906 but not in 1913, (fn. 53) it also had premises in Warrington Crescent by 1910. It had moved to no. 34
Lancaster Gate by 1911, retaining a hostel at Warrington Crescent, and later also occupied nos. 33 and
35. In 1939 it was a training college and Anglican
day school for girls up to 15 years of age and
There were several schools of languages and
secretarial schools. They included the College de
Paris in Rifle Crescent and the French Institute in
Clarendon Road North in 1862, the Berlitz school of
languages in Queen's Road in 1910, and the Gouin
school of languages at no. 60 Westbourne Grove in
1910 and 1939. Hyde Park and Bayswater school of
art and science was at no. 143 Queen's Road from
1890 to c. 1895 and had been replaced before 1899
by Kensington school of shorthand and mercantile
training college, which had been founded in 1887 by
James Munford (fn. 54) and also had a branch in Ladbroke
Grove; as Kensington college, the school had moved
by 1902 to no. 34 Gloucester Gardens, where it survived until 1939. The London college of pharmacy
and chemistry for young ladies was at nos. 5 and 7
Westbourne Park Road in 1899 and still at no. 7 in
The Modern Tutorial College, which had opened
in Kensal Rise, Willesden, in 1966, moved to the
former premises of St. John's National school, Kilburn Lane, in 1972. The buildings were still used by
St. John's church for social activities in 1985, when
the college offered preparation for 'O' and 'A' level
examinations to c. 150 full-time students. (fn. 55)
The Jewish Preparatory School opened at no. 2
Ashworth Road in 1983 and moved into the former
Bayswater and Maida Vale synagogue in Kilburn
Park Road in 1985. There were 70 boys and girls on
the roll in 1986, when they ranged from nursery
pupils to 8-year olds and when it was planned to take
them to the age of 13. (fn. 56)
King's Fund College was established in 1968 on
the amalgamation of the separate staff colleges
financed by King Edward's Hospital Fund for
London. It occupied an ornate red-brick and terracotta building at no. 2 Palace Court in 1985, when
the fund's head office was at no. 14. The college
aimed to raise management standards in health care
through teaching, consultancy, and research, with
over 20 fellows and 6,270 student days in 1984-5. (fn. 57)