Die Jovis, 31 Octobris, 1650.
Contract for Ships, &c.
ORDERED, by the Parliament, That the Committee of the Navy be authorized to contract for Ships
and Provisions necessary for the Expedition to the Plantations in America: And that they do take care for their
speedy Dispatch in that Expedition.
Grant to Fox.
Resolved, That this House doth approve of the Giving
of Forty Shillings out of the Box to Colonel Fox.
Resolved, That the Commissioners for Compounding be
authorized and required to issue their Warrants to their Sub
Commissioners, to permit Colonel John Fox to hold and
enjoy the Quiet Possession of Two Parts, in Three Parts
to be divided, of the Manor of Edgbason, with the Adpurtenances, in the County of Warwick; and to take and
receive the Rents, Issues, and Profits thereof, and also,
Two Parts in Three to be divided, of the Lands of Robert
Middlemore, in the Parishes of King's Norton, Yardley,
and Northfield, in the County of Worcester: And that he
be put into Possession, according to the Act made in
The House being informed, that the Sheriffs of London, and divers Aldermen and Citizens, were at the Door;
They were called in: And, being come to the Bar,
Sheriff Titchborne presented a Petition.
Which (after they were withdrawn) was read; and was
intituled, "The humble Petition of the Mayor, Commonalty, and Citizens of London, Governors of Christ's
Hospital, Bartholomew, Bridewell, Thomas, and Bethlem,
Resolved, That this Petition be referred to the Committee of the Army; to consider thereof, and report their
Opinion to the House.
* * * *
King's Slaughter-house, &c.
Ordered, That it be referred to the Committee of Obstructions, to examine the Business touching the Settling and
Disposing of the Slaughter-house of the late King, in Westminster; and to consider also, how Elizabeth Atkin may be
provided for, either out of that House, or otherwise: And
the said Committee are authorized and impowered to provide for her, and determine the same accordingly: And
the said Committee are also to consider how the Parliament may be supplied with a convenient Place for Laying
in of Coals, and other Fuel, for the Use of the Parliament,
in that House, or elsewhere: And they are impowered to
provide and settle a Place convenient for that Purpose.
Levant Trade and Convoys.
Mr. Thomas Challoner reports from the Council of
State, A Report to them made from the Council of Trade,
concerning a Convoy into the Levant, for the Presertion of the Trade of this Nation; viz.
"This Council, having taken into Consideration a
Report to them made from the Council of Trade, concerning Convoy into the Levant, for the Preservation of
the Trade of this Nation, in Danger to be there lost; which
Report is hereunto annexed;"
"This Council is of Opinion, That a sufficient Convoy
is very necessary for the Ends abovesaid: And therefore,
to desire the Parliament to take the same into Consideration; and declare their Pleasure concerning the Charge
necessary for ascertaining sufficient Convoy for the End
propounded: And that it may be put into a Way of
speedy Execution, as the Season of the Year, and the Nature of the Business, require: And Mr. Challoner is desired
to make this Report."
"At the Council for Trade."
"The Council, upon a serious Consideration of what
great Import to the Advance and Increase of Trade it
would be to settle Convoy for the Securing thereof, did
cause Notice to be given, at the Exchange, of their Resolution to take the same into Debate."
"And, shortly after, receiving a Reference from the
Council of State, of the Fifteenth of September last, upon a
Petition of the Levant Company, to advise what they
think fit to be done concerning the securing the Southern
Trade, by Convoy; in pursuance of that, and Conference
had with the said Company, they received Information,
with a List given them of the Particulars, That, within
those One-and-twenty Months, there hath been taken from
this Nation, by the French alone, above Five thousand
Ton of Shipping, with upwards of Four hundred Pieces of
Ordnance, and Goods to more than Five hundred thousand Pounds Damage, to the very great Impairing of the
Stocks and Strength of this Nation: As likewise, that the
Ships now going out to the Streights, with those that are
looked for ere long to come home, are reckoned worth
above Two hundred thousand Pounds Sterling."
Levant Trade and Convoys.
"This Council also perceiving, that the Trading of
those Parts, heretofore very rich, and almost wholly
driven in our English Shipping, is, by means of the Discouragements forementioned, now near quite lost to this
Nation; and that the Apprehensions amongst the Merchants are very great, of the French being like to increase more and more in Power, even to the Raising of
Fear in our Merchants to adventure thither; conceiving
it likewise not for the Interest of this Commonwealth, at
present, to have Ships of Charge go single and straggling;
it is therefore their Opinon, That a Convoy is necessary to be sent with the Ships now going into the Streights,
to consist of, at least, Four Ships of about Forty Pieces of
Ordnance apiece, to set sail from the Downs with the first
fair Wind after the last of November, towards Faulmouth,
with all such English Shipping as are bound to the Southward, and then ready; and to stay at Faulmouth Forty-eight Hours, for the taking with them all such Ships also
as are then ready to go out of the West Country; and so
hold on their Course into the Streights, as high as Zants;
and there to stay Thirty Days; and to convoy back all
such Ships as shall there meet them; touching at such particular Ports on the Coast of Italy and Spaine, as they go
along, both outward and home, for the safe Conducting
of all such English Shipping as they shall find ready in any
of them; according to the Instructions they shall further
receive from the Parliament, or Council of State."
"Towards the Defraying of the Charge of which Convoy, and securing the Southern Trade of the Nation, it
hath been offered by the Turkey and Levant Company to
advance One Fifth of the Customs, over and above what
is now paid, in the same Manner as is expressed in the
"By the French Surprisal and Taking of English Ships,
within the Streights, this Nation loseth,"
"1. Their Honour at Sea."
"2. Their Strength in warlike Ships; whereof Eighteen, of Six thousand Tons, have been lost within One-and-twenty Months past."
"In Artillery: Four hundred Sixty Pieces of Ordnance,
with a like Proportion of smaller Artillery, having
been lost within that Space."
"In Seamen: Of whom about One thousand have
been, within the same time, destroyed, impoverished,
and are gone away to serve the Enemy."
"3. Their Wealth: For hereby the Merchants are
impoverished and undone; the Mariners and their Families ruined; the Customs and Excise lost."
"4. Their Trade; which we conceive to be Onehalf of the Trade of this Nation: For, by this means, the
Manufactures of the Land cannot be vented; the Hollanders, and other Nations, will be encouraged in the
Making and Venting of Cloth, which is the Staple Commodity of England; and to serve England with Foreign
Commodities, at high Rates."
"For Prevention of all which, in future, it is humbly
"1. That the State will be pleased to send a considerable
Number of their Ships (at the least Twelve) to convoy
Merchants Ships from Place to Place, within the Streights,
to be regulated by a Committee of the Levant Company."
"2. That Two or Three of the State's Ships may
guard Merchants Ships along the Coast of Spaine, and to
and from the Streights Mouth."
"3. That, besides the ordinary Custom now paid,
the Merchants in general may contribute One Fifth Part
more towards the Maintenance of the Charge to be paid
for Convoy Money, so long as they shall conceive it needful to have Convoy continued."
"4. That it be publickly declared, That any Ships
of French, or other Enemies to this State, being taken
by Englishmen, shall be lawful Prize."
"5. That this be done with all possible Expedition,
in regard there are many Ships ready to depart for several Ports, and sundry rich Ships shortly expected from
Turkey and Italy; for the Surprize of which, and others,
this Winter, the French are preparing Eight Ships at
Resolved, by the Parliament, That there be sufficient
and settled Convoys, for Securing of the Trade of this
Resolved, by the Parliament, That it be referred to the
Committee of the Navy, upon Conference with the Council of State, to consider of a fit Number of Ships, for the
settling and carrying on the said Convoys, from time to
time; and make an Estimate of the Charge of the said
Convoys, which they are to present to this House; and
to take care, that the Monies arising by taking off the
Defalcation of Fifteen per Centum be applied and appropriated to this Use only, and no other Use: And that the
Committee of the Navy have Authority for the Ordering
Providing, and Managing of their Convoys: And that
all Officers and Ministers do yield ready Obedience thereunto: And the said Committee are to give Instructions
for the same: And to take care that the said Instructions
be punctually observed.
Resolved, That it be referred to the Committee of
the Navy, to take care of the sufficient Convoy to be
sent with the Ships now going to the Streights.
An Act for settling Convoys, to secure the Trade of
this Nation, was this Day read the First and Second time.
And the Question being put, That this Act be ingrossed;
It passed with the Negative.
And the said Act, upon the Question, passed: And
It is Ordered, That the said Act be forthwith printed
Lords of Liberties.
Ordered, That the Bill ingrossed, touching the Lords
of Liberties passing Accompts in the Exchequer, be read
on Tuesday Morning next, the first Business.
Ordered, That the Bill for Sale of Delinquents Estates
be read the Second time on Tuesday Morning next.