Veneris, 19 die Aprilis; 1 Willielmi et Mariæ.
ORDERED, That Mr. Speaker do grant his Warrant to the Clerk of the Crown, to issue out a Writ,
for the Electing of a Citizen to serve in this present
Parliament for the City of Hereford, in the room of Sir
Wm. Gregory, Serjeant at Law, who is made one of the
Judges of the Court of Common Pleas.
A Bill for Exportation of Leather was read the First
Resolved, That the Bill be read a Second time.
A Bill for Relief of poor Prisoners was read the First
Resolved, That the Bill be read a Second time.
Supply Bill; collecting Revenue.
A Bill for preventing Doubts and Questions concerning
the Revenue was read the Second time.
Resolved, That the Bill be committed to Mr. Hamden,
Sir Tho. Dyke, Mr. Boscawen, Sir Matth. Andrews, Colonel
Birch, Mr. Somers, Mr. Ettrick, Sir Rob. Cotton, Mr. Tho.
Foley, Mr. Papillion, Sir John Knight, Sir Rob. Davers,
Sir John Knatchbull, Sir Jos. Tredenham, Mr. Pelham, Sir
Wm. Honeywood, Sir Fran. Russel, Sir Geo. Treby, Mr.
Gwyn, Mr. Fox, Mr. Carter, Sir Trevor Williams, Mr.
Buckley, Mr. P. Foley, Mr. Wogan, Sir H. Goodrick, Mr.
Palmes, Mr. Godolphin, Mr. Herbord, Sir John Guise, Sir
H. Capell, Mr. Jepson, Sir Rich. Temple, Mr. Arnold:
And they are to meet this Afternoon, at Four of the
Clock, in the Speaker's Chamber: And it is to be an
Instruction to the Committee, that the Time for the
Collection of the Revenue be enlarged, as far as may be
Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance.
The House then proceeded in the Consideration of the
Amendments, sent down from the Lords, to the Bill,
intituled, An Act for the abrogating the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, and appointing other Oaths: And
the same, being read, are as follows;
1 P. 32 L. after "Time," add, "or sooner, if required
thereunto by any Order from his Majesty in Council,
before such Persons, as, by the said Order, shall be
appointed to take and receive the same."
2 P. 7 L. after "taken," leave out to "every" in the
Tenth Line; and insert "when he, or they, shall be
required thereunto, by Order from his Majesty in Council, before such Persons, as, by the said Order, shall be
appointed to receive the same."
16 L. leave out "said First Day of August;" and read,
"Time of the Refusal of such Person or Persons respectively."
19 L. for "within," read "after."
20 L. after "Oaths," add "if again required thereunto:" and leave out "such."
21 L. leave out from "Court," inclusive, to "their,"
in the 23th Line; and insert "as aforesaid."
37 L. after "taken," leave out "from" to "every,"
in the 3d Line of the 3d Press; and add "when required
thereunto, by an Order from his Majesty's Council,
before such Persons, as, by the said Order, shall be
appointed to take and receive the same."
3 Press, 12 Line, leave out "said First Day of
August;" and read "Time of the Refusal of such Person
or Persons respectively."
13 L. for "within," read "after."
16 L. leave out "such Court or Place, and."
19 L. instead of "the said First Day of August," read,
The First of the said Amendments being read a Second
Resolved, That the same be read a Third time.
The same was read a Third time.
Resolved, That this House doth agree with the Lords
in the said Amendment.
The other Amendments being severally, one after
another, read a Second time;
And the Question being severally put thereupon, That
this House doth agree with the Lords in the said several
It passed in the Negative.
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare
Reasons to be offered at a Conference with the Lords,
why this House doth not agree with the Lords in the
Amendments, by them proposed to be made to the Clause
[A], sent up to the Lords by this House, as an Amendment proposed to be made to the Bill sent down from the
Lords, intituled, An Act for the abrogating the Oaths of
Supremacy and Allegiance, and appointing other Oaths.
And it is referred to Mr. Boscawen, Sir Geo. Treby, Mr.
Sacheverell, Sir Tho. Lee, Sir Wm. Williams, Mr. Hawles,
Sir H. Goodrick, Sir Tho. Pope Blunt, Mr. Garway, Major
Wildman, Mr. Finch, Sir Tho. Littleton, Mr. P. Foley,
Mr. Whithead, Mr. Sommers, Sir Rob. Sawyer, Mr. Carter,
Sir H. Capell, Mr. Arnold, Mr. Hamden, jun. Mr. Hamden
sen. Mr. Tho. Foley, Sir Christopher Musgrave: And
they are to meet this Afternoon, at Four of the Clock, in
the Speaker's Chamber; and to report the same to the
House with all convenient Speed.
Address respecting War with France.
Mr. Hamden jun. reports from the Committee appointed to prepare an Address, upon the Debate, to
represent to his Majesty, That, if he shall think fit to enter
into a War against France, the House will give him all
such Assistance, in a Parliamentary Way, as shall enable him to support and go through the same, That the Committee had agreed upon an Address accordingly; which
they had directed him to report to the House: And he
read the same in his Place; and afterwards delivered the
same in at the Clerk's Table: Where the same being
read, is as followeth:
WE, Your Majesty's most loyal Subjects, the Commons of England, in Parliament assembled, having taken
into our most serious Consideration, the Condition and
State of this Nation, in respect of France, and Foreign
Alliances, in order to which we have examined the
Mischiefs brought upon Christendom, in late Years, by
the French King; who without any Respect to Justice,
has, by Fraud and Force, endeavoured to subject it to an
arbitrary and universal Monarchy.
In Prosecution of this Design, so pernicious to the
Repose and Safety of Europe, he has neglected none of
those Means, how indirect soever, which his Ambition or
Avarice could suggest to him: The Faith of Treaties
among all Princes, especially Christian Princes, ever held
most inviolable, has never been able to restrain him, nor
the solemnest Oaths to bind him, when any Occasion presented itself for extending the Limits of his Kingdom; or
oppressing those whom his Interest inclined him to qualify
by the Name of his Enemies: Witness, his haughty and
groundless Declaration of War against the States General
of the United Provinces, in the Year 1672; in which he
assigned no other Reason for disturbing that profound
Peace, which, through God's Mercy, all Europe enjoyed
at that Time, but his own Glory, and his Resolution to
punish the Dutch, for some imaginary Slights and Disrespects, which he would have had the World believe they
had put upon him: Whereas the true Occasion of that
War was nothing else but a formed Design laid down
and agreed upon by that King, and his Accomplices,
for the Subversion of the Liberties of Europe, and for
abolishing the Commonwealth of Holland, as being too
dangerous an Example of Liberty to the Subjects of the
neighbouring Monarchs. The Zeal for Catholick Religion,
which was pretended by him in this, and the following
Wars, did afterwards sufficiently appear to the World, to
be no other than a Cloak for his unmeasurable Ambition;
for, at the same time, when the Persecution grew hottest
against the Protestants of France, Letters were intercepted
and published from him to Count Teckley, to give him
the greatest Encouragement, and promise him the utmost
Assistance in the War, which, in Conjunction with the
Turke, he then managed against the First and Greatest of
all the Roman Catholick Princes.
Witness also, the many open Infractions of the Treaties
both of Aix la Chapelle and Nimeghen (whereof Your Majesty is the strongest Guarantee), upon the most frivolous
Pretences imaginable, of which the most usual was, that
of Dependencies; an Invention set on Foot, on purpose
to serve for a Pretext of Rupture with all his Neighbours,
unless they chose rather to satisfy his endless Demands,
by abandoning one Place after another to his insatiable
Appetite of Empire; and for maintaining whereof, the
Two Chambers of Metts and Brissach were erected, to
find out and forge Titles, and to invent equivocable
Constructions for eluding the plain Meaning of Treaties
concluded, and sworn with the greatest Solemnity; than
which nothing can be more sacred among Mankind.
From hence it was also, that Strasburgh was so infamously surprised by the French King, in a Time of full
Peace: And though great Conditions were agreed and
promised to the Inhabitants of that City, yet no sooner
was he in Possession of it, but all Stipulations were forgotten, and that ancient free City doth now groan under
the same Yoke with the rest of that King's Subjects.
The building the Fort of Hunninghen, contrary to so
many solemn Assurances given to the Swisses, and the
Affair of Luxemburgh, are too well known to need a
particular Deduction: In a Word, the whole Series of the
French King's Actions, for many Years last past, has
been so ordered, as if it were his Intention not only to
render his own People extremely miserable, by intolerable
Impositions of Taxes to be imployed in maintaining an
incredible Number of Dragoons, and other Soldiers, to
be the Instruments of his Cruelty upon such of them as
refuse, in all Things, to comply with his unjust Commands; but likewise to hold all the neighbouring Powers
in perpetual Alarum and Expense for the Maintaining of
Armies and Fleets, that they may be in a Posture to
defend themselves against the Invader of their common
Safety and Liberties.
Examples of this Sort might be innumerable: But his
Invasion of Flanders and Holland, since the last Truce
of 1684, and the Outrages committed upon the Empire,
by attacking the Fort of Phillipsburgh, without any
Declaration of War, at the same time that his Imperial
Majesty was employing all his Forces against the common
Enemy of the Christian Faith; and his wasting the Palatinate with Fire and Sword, and murdering an infinite
Number of innocent Persons; for no other Reason, as
himself has publickly declared, but because he thought
the Elector Palatine faithful to the Interest of the Empire,
and an Obstacle to the Compassing of his ambitious
Designs; are sufficient Instances of this.
To these we cannot but, with a particular Resentment,
add the Injuries done to Your Majesty, in the most unjust
and violent Seizing of Your Principality of Orange, and
the utmost Insolencies committed upon the Persons of
Your Majesty's Subjects there; and how, to facilitate his
Conquest upon his Neighbour Princes, he engaged the
Turks in a War against Christendom at the same time.
And, as if the Violating of Treaties, and Ravaging the
Countries of his Neighbour States, were not sufficient
Means of advancing his exorbitant Power and Greatness;
he has constantly had recourse to the vilest and meanest
Acts, for the Ruin of those whom he had taken upon him
to subdue to his Will and Power; insinuating himself, by
his Emissaries, under the sacred Name and Character of
Publick Ministers, into those who were intrusted in the
Government of Kingdoms and States, suborning them,
by Gifts and Pensions, to the selling their Masters, and
betraying their Trusts: and descending even to intrigues
by Women, who were sent or married into the Countries
of divers potent Princes, to lie as Snakes in their Bosoms
to eat out their Bowels, or to instil that Poison into
them, that might prove the Destruction of them and their
Countries; of which Poland, Savoy, and Spaine, to
mention no more at present, can give but too ample Testimonies.
The insolent Use he has made of his ill-gotten Greatness, has been as extravagant as the Means of procuring
it: For this the single Instance of Genoa may suffice;
which, without the least Notice, or any Ground of a
Quarrel whatsoever, was bombarded by the French Fleet;
and the Doge, and Four principal Senators, of that free
State, constrained, in Persons, to humble themselves at
that Monarch's Feet, which in the Style of France, is
called, Chastising Sovereigns for casting Umbrage upon
His Practises against England have been of the same
Nature; and by corrupt Means he has constantly, and
with too much Success, endeavoured to get such Power
in the Court of England, in the Time of King Charles the
Second, and the late King James, as might, by degrees,
undermine the Government, and true Interest of this
Another Art, which he has used to weaken England,
and subject it to his aspiring Designs, was, never to
admit an equal Balance of Trade, nor consent to any
just Treaty or Settlement of Commerce; by which he
promoted our Ruin at our own Charge.
When, from a just Apprehension of this formidable
growing Power of France, the Nation became zealous to
right themselves; and the House of Commons, in the
Year 1677, being assured they should have an actual
War against France, cheerfully raised a great Sum of
Money: and an Army as readily appeared to carry on
the War; that Interest of France had still Power enough
to render all this ineffectual, and to frustrate the Nation
of all their Hopes and Expectations.
Nor did France only render this desired War ineffectual,
but had Power enough to make us practise their Injustice
and Barbarity, by turning our Force against our next
Neighbours, by assaulting their Smyrna Fleet.
Nor were they more industrious, by corrupt Means,
to obtain this Power, than careful, by the same Ways, to
support it: And, knowing, that from Parliaments only
could probably proceed an Obstruction to their secret
Practices, they attempted to make a Bargain, that they
should not meet in such a Time, in which they might
hope to perfect their Designs of enslaving the Nation.
In the same Confidence of this Power, they violently
seized upon Part of Hudson's Bay; and when the Matter
was complained of by the Company, and the Injury
offered to be proved, the best Expedient France could find
to cover their Injustice, and prevent Satisfaction, was, to
make use of their great Interest in the Court of England,
to keep it from ever coming to be heard.
The French King, in pursuance of his usual Methods
of laying hold of any Opportunity that might increase his
Power, and give Disturbance to others, has now carried on
an actual War in Ireland, sending thither a great Number
of Officers with Money, Arms, and Ammunition; and,
under the Pretence of assisting the late King James, he
has taken the Government of Affairs into his Hands, by
putting all Officers into Commands, and managing the
whole Business by his Ministers; and has already begun
to use the same Cruelties and Violences upon Your
Majesty's Subjects there, as he has lately practised in his
own Dominions, and in all other Places, where he has
got Power enough to destroy.
Lastly, the French King's Declaration of War against
the Crown of Spaine is wholly grounded upon its Friendship to Your Majesty's Royal Person; and no other Cause
of denouncing War against it is therein alleged, than the
Resolutions taken in that Court to favour Your Majesty,
whom he most injuriously terms, The Usurper of England;
an Insolence never enough to be resented and detested
by Your Majesty's Subjects.
After our humble Representation of all these Particulars
to Your Majesty, if Your Majesty shall think fit to enter
into a War against France, We humbly assure Your
Majesty, that we will give You such Assistance, in a
Parliamentary Way, as shall enable Your Majesty to
support and go through the same: And we shall not doubt,
but, by the Blessing of God upon Your Majesty's prudent
Conduct, a Stop may be put to that growing Greatness
of the French King, which threatens all Christendom with
no less than absolute Slavery; the incredible Quantity of
innocent Blood shed may be revenged; his oppressed
Neighbours restored to their just Rights and Possessions;
Your Majesty's Alliances, and the Treaty of Nimeghen,
supported to that Degree, that all Europe in General, and
this Nation in Particular, may for ever have Occasion to
celebrate Your Majesty, as the great Maintainer of Justice
and Liberty, and the Opposer and Overthrower of all
Violence, Cruelty, and arbitrary Power.
Resolved, That it be re-committed to the same Committee: And that the Committee do meet this Afternoon,
at Four of the Clock, in the Speaker's Chamber.
Advance on Credit of Act for an Aid.
Ordered, That the Committee appointed to inquire
why no more Money hath been advanced upon the Bill
for the granting a present Aid to their Majesties, have
Power to send for Persons, Papers, and Records.
Ordered, That Mr. Speaker do grant his Warrant to
the Clerk of the Crown, to issue out a Writ, for the
Electing of a Burgess to serve in this present Parliament
for the Borough of Borealston in the County of Devon,
in the room of Sir John Holt, now Lord Chief Justice of
the Court of King's Bench.
And then the House adjourned till To-morrow
Morning, Nine of the Clock.